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Volume 4, 1871

Contents.

New Zealand Institute.
Page
Anniversary Address of the President, H. E. Sir George F. Bowen, G.C.M.G. 115
Third Annual Report by the Governors 1718
Accounts of the New Zealand Institute, 1870–1 19
Transactions.
Miscellaneous.
Art. I. Ethnographical Considerations on the Whence of the Maori. By J. T. Thomson, F.R.G.S. 2351
II. Notes upon the Historical Value of the “Traditions, of the New Zealanders,” as collected by Sir George Grey, K.C.B., late Governor-in-Chief of New Zealand. By W. T. L. Travers, F.L.S. 5162
III. Notes on the Chatham Islands, extracted from Letters from Mr. H. H. Travers. By W. T. L. Travers 6366
IV. Moas and Moa Hunters. Address to the Philosophical Institute of Canterbury. By Julius Haast, Ph.D., F.R.S. 6690
Additional Notes 9094
Third Paper on Moas and Moa Hunters 94107
V. Some Observations on the Annual Address of the President of the Philosophical Institute of Canterbury. By Rev. J. W. Stack 107110
VI. On Recent Moa Remains in New Zealand. By James Hector, M.D., F.R.S. 110120
VII. Notes on Moa Remains. By W. D. Murison 120124
VIII. On the Occurrence of Footprints of a Large Bird, found at Turanganui, Poverty Bay. By Archdeacon W. L. William 124127
IX. On the Occurrence of Footprints of the Moa at Poverty Bay. By His Honour T. B. Gillies 127128
X. On the Geographical and other Features of some Little-known Portions of the Province of Wellington. By H. C. Field 128135
XI. A Description of the Foundation of the Lighthouse in the Ponui Passage. By J. Stewart, Assoc. Inst. C.E. 135138
XII. Work for Field Naturalists. By P. Thomson 138141
XIII. Description of a Simple Contrivance for Economising the Current of Large Rivers. By J. T. Thomson, F.R.G.S. 141145
XIV. On Some Experiments showing the Relative Value of N.S. Wales and New Zealand Coals as Gas-producing Materials. By J. Rees George 146150
XV. On Experiments made to determine the Value of Different Coals for Steam Purposes. By J. Rees George 151152
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Art. XVI. On the Destruction of Land by Shingle-bearing Rivers, and Suggestions for Protection and Prevention. By A. D. Dobson, Provincial Engineer, Nelson 153157
XVII. Notes on the Remains of a Stone Epoch at the Cape of Good Hope. By B. H. Darnell 157159
XVIII. Notes on the Practice of Out-door Photography. By W. T. L. Travers 160164
Zoology.
XIX. On Megapodius pritchardi, Gray. By Captain F. W. Hutton, F. G. S. 165
XX. On the Microscopical Structure of the Egg-shell of the Moa. By Captain F. W. Hutton 166167
XXI. Notes on the Lizards of New Zealand, with Descriptions of Two New Species. By Captain F. W. Hutton 167172
XXII. On some Moa Feathers. By Captain F. W. Hutton 172173
XXIII. On the New Zealand Chitonidœ. By Captain F. W. Hutton 173183
XXIV. Description of a Specimen of Mus rattus, L., in the Colonial Museum. By Captain F. W. Hutton 183184
XXV. On the Bats of New Zealand. By Captain F. W. Hutton 184186
XXVI. Observations on the New Zealand Bats. By F. J. Knox, L.R.C.S.E. 186188
XXVII. Notes on the Anatomy of the Kanae (Mugil sp.). By F. J. Knox 189191
XXVIII. Notes on Harpagornis moorei, an Extinct Gigantic Bird of Prey; containing description of Femur, Ungual Phalanges, and Rib. By Julius Haast, Ph.D., F.R.S. 192196
XXIX. Notes on the Fur Seal of New Zealand (Arctocephalus cinereus, Gray?). By James Hector, M.D., F.R.S. 196199
XXX. On the Fur Seal of New Zealand. By J. S. Webb 199202
XXXI. Notes on a New Species of Rail (Rallus pictus), Painted Rail. By T. H. Potts, F.L.S. 202203
XXXII. Notes on a New Species of Gull, Larus (Bruchigavia) bulleri, Potts. By T. H. Potts 203204
XXXIII. Notes on a New Species of Apteryx (A. haastii, Potts). By T. H. Potts 204205
XXXIV. Notes on the Habits of some of the Birds of New Zealand. By TV. T. L. Tracers 206213
XXXV. On a Supposed New Species of Duck. By A. C. Purdie 213
XXXVI. Observations on a Paper read by Mr. A. Bathgate before the Otago Institute, 11th January, 1870, “On the Lepidoptera of Otago.” By R. W. Fereday, Corresponding Member of the Entomological Society of London 214218
XXXVII. Description of a New Shell found at Nelson. By E. Stowe 218219
XXXVIII. A Rock Pool and its Contents. By P. Thomson 219223
Botany.
XXXIX. On some New Species of New Zealand Plants. By J. Buchanan, of the Geological Survey Department 224227
XL. On the Flora of the Isthmus of Auckland and the Takapuna District. By T. Kirk, F.L.S. 228238
XLI. On the Nativity in New Zealand of Polygonum aviculare, L. By T. Kirk 238241
XLII. Notes on the New Zealand Asteliads, with Descriptions of New Species. By T. Kirk 241247
XLIII. A Comparison of the Indigenous Floras of the British Islands and New Zealand. By T. Kirk 247256
– vii –
Art. XLIV. Notes on the Local Distribution of Certain Plants common to the British Islands and New Zealand. By T. Kirk 256260
XLV. On the New Zealand Species of Pittosporum, with Descriptions of New Species. By T. Kirk 260267
XLVI. On the Habit of the Rata (Metrosideros robusta). By T. Kirk 267270
XLVII. On the Botany of the Titirangi District of the Province of Auckland. By T. F. Cheeseman 270284
XLVIII. On the Naturalized Plants of the Province of Canterbury. By John F. Armstrong 284290
XLIX. On some New Species of New Zealand Plants. By John F. Armstrong 290291
L. Report of a Committee of the Canterbury Philosophical Institute on Native and Introduced Grasses, with Appendices 292310
Chemistry.
LI. On the Conducting Power of various Metallic Sulphides and Oxides for Electricity, as compared with that of Acids and Saline Solutions. By W. Skey, Analyst to the Geological Survey of New Zealand 311313
LII. On the Electro-motive and Electrolytic Phenomena developed by Gold and Platina in Solutions of the Alkaline Sulphides. By W. Skey 313316
LIII. Preliminary Notes on the Isolation of the Bitter Substance of the Nut of the Karaka Tree (Corynocarpus lœvigata). By W. Skey 316321
LIV. On a New and Rapid Process for the Generation of Sulphuretted Hydrogen Gas for use as a Re-agent in Laboratory Operations. By W. Skey 321323
LV. Notes in support of the alleged Alkalinity of Carbonate of Lime. By W. Skey 323325
LVI. On the Alkalinity or Acidity of certain Salts and Minerals, as indicated by their Reaction with Teat Paper. By W. Skey 325329
LVII. On a Form of Electro-magnetic Seismograph adapted for Indicating or Registering Minute Shocks. By W. Skey 330
LVIII. New Process for the Manufacture of Sulpho-cyanide of Potassium. By W. Skey 330331
LIX. Absorption of Copper from its Ammoniacal Solution by Cellulose in presence of Caustic Potash, By W. Skey 332
Geology.
LXI. On the Alluvial Deposits of the Lower Waikato, and the Formation of Islands by the River. By Captain F. W. Hutton, F.G.S. 333336
LXII. On the Traces of Ancient Glaciers in Nelson Province. By A. D. Dobson, C.E. 336341
LXIII. On the Remains of a Gigantic Penguin (Palœeudyptes antarcticus, Huxley), from the Tertiary Rocks on the West Coast of Nelson. By James Hector, M.D., F.R.S., Director of the New Zealand Geological Survey 341346
Miscellanceous — (Continued from p. 164.)
LXIV. On the Sailing Flight of the Albatros; a Reply to Mr. J. S. Webb. By Captain F. W. Hutton, F.G.S. 347350
Proceedings.
Wellington Philosophical Society.
Abstract Report of Council 353
Election of Office-bearers for 1871 353
– viii –
Extraordinary Flight of Beetles 353
Description of Moriori Canoes. By A. Shand 354
Notice of a Meteor observed all over New Zealand. By J. Hector, M.D., F.R.S. 354355
Anniversary Address of the President, W. T. L. Travers, F.L.S. 356362
Observations on the Kiore, or Indigenous Eat of New Zealand. By F. J. Knox, L.R.C.S.E 362
On the Ocean Currents from New Zealand. Letter from Mr. Robert Hart 362
Description of Additions to the Collections in Colonial Museum. By J. Hector, M.D., F.R.S. 363
Description of New Birds and Minerals. By Captain F. W. Hutton, F.G.S. 364
Australian Geography and Topography, with some New Zealand Comparisons and Contrasts. By J. C. Crawford, F.G.S. 364367
Great Disturbance of the Electric Telegraph System of the Colony on 13th February. By J. Duigan 367
Notes on St. John's Nursery Garden, Wanganui. By Robert Pharazyn, F.R.G.S. 367369
Note on the Southern. Mutton Bird (Puffinus amaurosma). By Captain F. W. Hutton, F.G.S. 369
Notes on the Presence in Certain Fibres of a substance susceptible of some striking Colorific Changes when chemically treated. By W. Skey 370
On the Microscopic Characters of the Fibres of New Zealand, as distinguished from those of Manilla or Sisal. By Captain F. W. Hutton, F.G.S. 370371
On the Wreck of a Vessel found inland on the West Coast. By J. Hector, M.D., F.R.S. 373
The Results of the Destruction of Forests upon the River Wolga at Astracan. By Dr. A Wojeikof, of St. Petersburgh 374376
Critical Notes on some of the Birds of New Zealand. By Captain F. W. Hutton, F.G.S. 376
Letter from. Professor Agassiz, accompanying a presentation of books 377
Observations on an Albino Eel. By F. J. Knox, L.R.C.S.E 378
Account of a Cave in which Recent Moa Remains were found. By Dr. Thomson 378379
Introduction of English Trout into Wellington, and mention, of New Fishes. By Dr. Hector 379380
On the Cause of the Suspension of Clay in Water, and its Precipitation there from by certain. Substances. By W. Skey 380382
Further Notes on the New Zealand Bats, By F. J. Knox, L.R.C.S.E. 382
Auckland Institute.
Anniversary Address of the President, T. Heale, C.E. 383388
Note on a Tuatara. By Major Mair 388
On the Use of Vulgar Fractions instead of Decimals in the Compilation of Mathematical Tables. By R. J. Pearce 389& 392
On Eclipses. By T. Heale 389391
Description of a simple form of Rain-gauge. By Archdeacon Williams 392
On a Mode of Communication between a Station on a Line of Railway and a Train in Motion on the same Line. By G. Rayner 394
Note on a Tomahawk formerly belonging to Taraia. By Dr. J. L. Campbell 396
Notes on a Thermal Spring near Helensville, Kaipara. By Robert Mair 396
On the Defence of Auckland Harbour. By S. J. Stratford, M.R.C.S.E. 397
Philosophical Institute of Canterbury.
An Inquiry into the Influence of Railway Gauge upon the Constructive Cost and Working Expenses of Railways. By E. Dobson, Assoc. Inst. C.E. 400
– ix –
Remarks on the New Zealand Rat. By Llewellyn Powell, M.D. 401
Notes respecting the Discovery of the Egg of the Moa at the Kaikoura Peninsula. By J. D. Enys 403
Continued Creation versus Darwinian Evolution. By Dr. A. C. Barker 404
Annual Report 405406
Election of Office-bearers for 1872 406
On a simple method of supplying Water to the Christchurch Fire Engines. By R. W. Fereday 407
Otago Institute.
Notes on the Botany of Otago. By. J. Buchanan 408
Abstract of Annual Report 409
Address by J. S. Webb, Vice-President 409412
Remarks on the Collection of Birds in the Otago Museum. By-Captain F. W. Hutton, F.G.S. 412
Election of Office-bearers for year ending 30th June, 1872 413
Notes on Sir William Thomson's Hypothesis that the Germ of Life is derived from Meteors. By Martin Chapman 417419
Account of some Presents recently received from the Smithsonian Institution, and the Museum of Comparative Zoology of Harvard College. By J. S. Webb 419420
On Proportion applied to Geometry. By D. Brent, M.A. 420
Notes on the Experiments on the so-called Psychic Force recently made by Mr. Crookes. By J. S. Webb 421422
Nelson Association for the Promotion of Science and Industry.
On a Means of Detecting Incipient Combustion in Flax or Wool in Ships at Sea. By F. W. Irvine 423
Measurements of Brown Trout (Salmo fario) taken out of the Maitai. By T. Mackay 423
Sketch of the History of Astronomical Science; third paper — ‘Newton and his. Times.’ By R. Lee 424
Presentations to the Museum by the Bishop of Nelson 424
On the Varieties of the Mulberry Tree as Food for the Silkworm (Part I). By T. C. Batchelor 424426
On the Varieties of Food for and Management of the Silkworm (Part II.) By T. C. Batchelor 426427
Abstract of Annual Report 427
Election of Office-bearers for 1872 428
On the American Blight on Apple Trees. By T. Mackay, C.E. 429432
Appendix.
Meteorological Statistics of New Zealand for 1871 435437
Earthquakes reported in New Zealand during 1871 437
Notes on the Weather during 1871 438440
Lists of Members 441446
Board of Governors of the New Zealand Institute xi
Abstracts of Rules and Statutes of the New Zealand Institute xixiii
List of Incorporated Societies xiv
List of Office-bearers and Extracts from the Laws of Incorporated Societies xivxvi
– x –
Illustrations.
page
PlateI. J. T. Thomson.—Map illustrating “Whence of the Maori” 32
II. "" 32
IIa. "Antique Tamil Bell and Inscription 40
III. Haast.—Map showing Moa-hunter Encampment 74
IV. "Maori Implements 104
V. Hector.—Neck of Moa 114
VI. "Eggs and Chicks of Moa and Emu 110
VII. "Maori implements 116
VIII. Williams.—Footprints of Birds observed at Poverty Bay 124
IX. Hutton.—Moa Egg and Feather—Chitons 166
X. Haast.—Fossil Bird (Harpagornis moorei) 194
XI. " 194
XII. Hector.—Fur Seal of New Zealand (Arctocephalus cinereus) 197
XIII. Buchanan—Haloragis aggregata 224
XIV. "Acœna glabra 226
XV. "Celmisia lateralis 226
XVI. "Rostkovia novœ zelandiœ 226
XVII. Hector.—Fossil Penguin (Palœeudyptes antarcticus) 346
XVIII. " 346