Introduction of English Trout into Wellington, and mention, of New Fishes.
Dr. Hector reported the successful introduction for the first time of English Trout into two streams of the North Island—the Kaiwarrawarra and the Hutt. He also made some remarks on the enormous quantity of fish that was cast up on the sea coast by the late S.E. gale. Among them were hardly any of the kinds usually obtained by the fishermen. Of eleven species collected,
three are new to science, and six others had never formerly been found in the seas round New Zealand. They were mostly of the Cod family, deep sea fish, with slender tails, the formation of which would render their efforts to escape from rough or broken water of little avail. He hoped that a small work, which is at present in course of publication from the Museum, would assist in extending our knowledge of the fishes, as it gives a scientific description of each species, and figures of about forty species that are commonly used as food.
1. “Notes on the Remains of a Stone Epoch at the Cape of Good Hope,” by B. H. Darnell (See Transactions, p. 157). Specimens of stone implements from the Cape Colony were exhibited. The object of the author was to point out the similarity of the conditions under which these flakes were found to the chert flake deposits of New Zealand, which contain Moa bones. Unlike the Maoris, however, the aborigines at the Cape are not known to have used stone implements within historical times.
Some discussion ensued as to the manner in which these flakes were formed, Dr. Hector maintaining that such flakes, though no doubt sometimes used as knives, must have frequently been formed accidentally where masses of chert were used in the cooking ovens, and from flakes thus formed, the best would be selected for knives.
Mr. Mantell stated that he had never seen stone of a kind that would “fly” when heated and quenched with water used by the natives for their ovens, and that in the ancient ovens he had examined, the chert only was found in flakes.
Dr. Hector pointed out in explanation of this that the ovens examined by Mr. Mantell were near the coast where the chert does not occur in situ.
2. “On the New Zealand Chitonidœ,” by Captain F. W. Hutton, F.G.S. (See Transactions, p. 173.) The author pointed that New Zealand is very rich in Chitons, there being twenty-one species, three of which are new. Mounted specimens of all but one species were exhibited.