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Volume 4, 1871

The Climate Of New Zealand.

Meteorological Statistics.

The following Tables, etc., are published in anticipation of the Report of the Inspector of Meteorological Stations, for 1871.

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Table I. — Temperature of the Air, in shade, recorded at the Chief Towns in the North and Sooth Islands of New Zealand, for the year 1871.
Place. Mean Annual Temp. Mean Temp, for (Spring Sept., Oct., Nov. Mean Temp, for (Summer) Dec, Jan., Feb. Mean Temp, for (Autumn) Mar., Apl., May. Mean Temp, for (Winter) June, July, Aug. Mean daily range of Temp, for year. Extreme range of Temp, for year.
North Island Degrees. Degrees. Degrees. Degrees. Degrees. Degrees. Degrees. Degrees.
Mongonui 60.2 58.0 66.2 62.1 54.6 14.1 57.5
Auckland 58.5 56.1 64.8 60.4 52.4 13.6 49.2
Taranaki 56.3 53.8 62.1 58.6 50.9 16.3 53.6
Napier 58.0 58.1 63.3 58.6 51.8 15.7 52.0
Wellington 54.6 52.8 61.2 56.0 48.7 11.5 44.6
Means, etc., for North Island 57.5 55.7 63.5 59.1 51.6 14.2 57.5
South Island.
Nelson 55.1 53.9 63.7 56.4 46.5 20.5 56.0
Christchurch 52.0 51.6 60.8 52.5 43.3 15.5 62.0
Hokitika 53441 51.7 59.6 54.9 46.1 13.0 45.7
Dunedin 50.3 49.7 56.9 51.0 43.8 14.1 55.0
Southland 50.0 49.1 57.0 51.3 42.7 19.5 65.0
Means, etc., for South Island 52.1 51.2 59.6 53.2 44.5 16.5 65.0
Means for Nth. and Sth. Islands 54.8 53.4 61.5 56.1 48.0 15.3
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TABLE II.—-Barometrical Observations,—Rainfall, etc., recorded for the year 1871.
Place. Mean Barometer reading for year. Range of Barometer for year. Mean. Elastic Force of Vapour for year. Mean Degree of Moisture for year. Total Rainfall. Mean Amount of Cloud.
North Island. Inches. Inches. Inches. Sat.–100. Inches. 0 to 10.
Mongonui 30.003 1.246 .434 82 57.640 5.9
Auckland 29.987 1.433 .402 81 47.505 6.0
Taranaki 29.948 1.410 .325 71 72.120 6.8
Napier 29.883 1.610 .396 80 35.890 2.3
Wellington 29.862 2.015 .332 77 64.057 5.9
Means for Nth Island 29.936 1.542 .377 78 55.442 5.3
South Island
Nelson 29.867 1.663 .354 79 55.670 5.9
Christchurch 29.853 1.826 .322 81 27.935 5.4
Hokitika 26.905 1.766 .339 83 122.440 4.5
Dunedin 29.821 1.812 .277 75 22.146 5.3
Southland 29.800 2.014 .276 75 39.030 5.2
Means for Sth Island 29.849 1.816 .313 78 53.444 5.2
Means for Nth & Sth Islands 29.892 1.679 .345 78 54.443 5.2

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TABLE III.—Wind for 1871,—Force and Direction.
Place Average Daily Velocity, in miles. Number of days it blew from each point.
N. N.E. E. S.E. S. S.W. W. N.W. Calm.
North Island. *
Mongonui 193 15 31 46 29 32 80 34 67 31
Auckland 331 28 52 32 18 43 116 30 26 20
Taranaki 221 29 77 17 67 6 115 24 30 0
Napier 250 27 111 5 16 60 61 51 31 3
Wellington 202 19 19 7 105 1 17 4 191 2
South Island.
Nelson 183 37 53 4 54 10 92 45 70 0
Christchurch 162 7 105 68 9 21 124 12 14 5
Bealey 229 34 22 1 21 r-t 220 66
Hokitika 244 31 40 40 87 7 75 29 51 5
Dunedin 191 38 33 29 20 36 40 83 17 69
Southland 158 36 4 41 71 19 124 69 1

Average daily horizontal movement in the North Island (five stations), 239 miles.

" " " " " South Island (six stations), 194 "

" " " " " New-Zealand 216 "

[Footnote] * These returns refer to the particular time of observation, and not to the whole twenty-four hours, and only show that no direction was recorded for the wind on that number of days.

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TABLE IV.—Bealey,—Interior of Canterbury, at 2,104 feet above the sea.
Mean Annual Temp. Mean daily range of Temp, for year. Extreme range of Temp, for year. Mean Barometer reading for year. Range of Barometer for year. Mean Elastic Force of “Vapour for year. Mean Degree of Moisture for year. Total Rainfall Mean Amount of Cloud.
Degrees. 46.8 Degrees. 15.8 Degrees. 62.2 Inches. 29.757* Inches. 1.390 Inches. .269 Sat. =100.84 Inches. 106.801 0 to 10. 5.1

Earthquakes reported in New Zealand during 1871

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TABLE V.—Earthquakes reported in New Zealand during 1871
Place. January. February, March, April. May. June. August. September. October. November. December. Total.
Mongonui
Auckland
Bay of Plenty 4*, 5* 2
Tauranga 16 1
Maketu 22 1
Waikato 19 1
Te Teko 15** 16** 2
Taupo 25* 1
Taranaki 14 1
Patea 25 1
Napier 13 19 25 3
Wanganui 26* 23, 25 3
Foxton 26* 23, 25** 3
Otaki 25* 1
Featherston 25* 5 2
Masterton 23 1
Hutt 25 1
Wellington 1,20,30 16 28 31 26 1 10,25 4 11
Havelock 1 1
Picton 1 25* 2
Blenheim 25 1
White's Bay 1 31* 26** 25* 4
Nelson 1 26 2
Kaikoura 31** 1
Greymouth 8 1
Hokitika 1 20 1 3
Bealey 19* 22* 2
Cheviot 31* 1
Kaiapoi 31* 1
Lyttelton 27 1
Christchurch 28 10 2
Queenstown 19** 5 2
Clyde 19* 1
Cromwell 19* 1 2
Dunedin 19*20 2
Southland 19*20 2
Long Bush 19* 1
Bluff 19* 1

The figures denote the days of the month on -which one or more shocks were felt. Those with one asterisk affixed were described as smart; those with two as severe shocks. The remainder were very slight, and may have escaped record at some stations, there being no instrumental means employed for their detection.

[Footnote] * Reduced to sea level.