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Volume 5, 1872

Contents

New Zealand Institute.
Pages
Anniversary Address of the President, H.E. Sir George F. Bowen, G.C.M.G 110
Fourth Annual Report by the Governors 1112
Accounts of the New Zealand Institute, 1871 212
Report by Manager 1216
Transactions.
I.—Miscellaneous.
Art. I. On the Life and Times of Te Rauparaha. By W. T. L. Travers, F.L.S. 1993
II. On Moa Beds. By W. B. D. Mantell, F.G.S, 9497
III. An Account of the First Discovery of Moa Remains. By Rev. R. Taylor, F.G.S. 97101
IV. On New Zealand Lake Pas. By Rev. R. Taylor 101102
V. A Description of the Earnsclough Moa Cave. By the Hon. Capt. Fraser, F.R.G.S. 102105
VI. On the Effect of Wind-driven Sand as a Cutting Agent. By Edwin Stowe, B.A. 105106
VII. On Local Variations of Atmospheric Pressure dependent on the Strength of Winds. By J. S. Webb 106108
VIII. On the Reclamation of Land devastated by the Encroachment of Sand. By C. D. Whitcombe 108111
IX. Directions for Raising and Spreading Ammophila arundinacea and Elymus arenarius. By J. C. Crawford, F.G.S. 111
X. On the Taieri Floods. By G. M. Barr 111119
XI. An Astronomical Telescope on a New Construction. By H. Skey 119125
XII. Description of a. Reflecting Telescope made in Wellington by W. F. Parsons. Communicated by James Hector, M.D., F.R.S 125128
XIII. On the Influence of Change of Latitude on Ships' Compasses. By Commander R. A. Edwin, R.N. 128130
XIV. On Barata Numerals. By J. T. Thomson, F.R.G.S. 131138
XV. Notes on the Stone Epoch at the Cape of Good Hope. By B. H. Darnell 138139
XVI. On the Flight of the Black-backed Gull (Larus dominicanus). By Captain F. W. Hutton, C.M.Z.S. 140144
XVII. On Compound Engines. By William Lodder 114150
XVIII. Notes on Rurima Rocks. By Major W. G. Mair 151153
– vi –
II.— Zoology.
XIX. On the Whales and Dolphins of the New Zealand Seas. By James Hector, M.D., F.R.S. 154170
XX. On the Birds of New Zealand (Part III.). By T. H. Potts, F.L.S. 171205
XXI. Remarks on some Birds of New Zealand. By Otto Finsch, Ph.D. of Bremen, Hon. Mem. N.Z. Inst. 206212
XXII. On the Birds of the Chatham Islands. By H. H. Travers. With Introductory Remarks on the Avifauna and Flora of the Islands in their Relation to those of New Zealand. By W. T. L. Travers, F.L.S. 212222
XXIII. Notes on some of the Birds brought by Mr. Henry Travers from the Chatham Islands, with Descriptions of the New Species. By Captain F. W. Hutton, C.M.Z.S. 222224
XXIV. Notes on some of the New Zealand Birds. By James Morton; communicated by Captain Hutton 225226
XXV. Note on Colluricincla concinna, Hutton. By Captain F. W. Hutton 226227
XXVI. On the Geographical Relations of the New Zealand Fauna. By Captain F. W. Hutton 227256
XXVII. On the New Zealand Sertularians. By Captain F. W. Hutton 256259
XXVIII. Contributions to the Ichthyology of New Zealand. By Captain F. W. Hutton 259272
XXIX. Notes on some Undescribed Fishes of New Zealand. By Julius Haast, Ph.D., F.R.S., Director of the Canterbury Museum 272278
XXX. Notice of a New Species of Moth in New Zealand. By Walter L. Buller, D.Sc, F.L.S., etc. 279280
XXXI. On the Spiders of New Zealand (Part I., Genus Salticus). By LI. Powell, M.D. 280286
XXXII. Notes on the Stridulating Organs of the Cicada. By Ll. Powell, M. D. 286288
XXXIII. On the Direct Injuries to Vegetation in New Zealand by various Insects, especially with reference to Larvæ of Moths and Beetles feeding upon the Field Crops; and the expediency of introducing Insectivorous Birds as a Remedy. By R. W. Fereday, C.M.E.S.L. 289294
XXXIV. Remarks on the Coleoptera of Canterbury, New Zealand. By C. M. Wakefield 294304
XXXV. On the Skeleton of an Aboriginal Inhabitant of the Chatham Islands. By F. J. Knox, L.R.C.S.E. 304306
XXXVI. Observations on Naultinus pacificus, Gray. By F. J. Knox 307308
XXXVII. Note on Ctenolabrus knoxi. By F. J. Knox 308
III. —Botany.
XXXVIII. Preliminary Notes on Mr. H. H. Travers' Recent Collections of Plants from the Chatham Islands. By Baron Ferd. von Mueller, C.M.G., M.D., F.RS., Hon. Mem. N.Z. Inst. 309310
XXXIX. On the Origin in New Zealand of Polygonum, aviculare, L. By W. T. L. Travers, F.L.S. 310314
XL. Further Notes on the Nativity of Polygonum aviculare, L., in New Zealand, in reply to Mr. Travers. By Thomas Kirk, F.L.S. 315320
XLI. Notes on the Naturalized Plants of the Chatham Islands. By T. Kirk 320322
XLII. Notes on the Flora of the Lake District of the North Island. By T. Kirk 322345
XLIII. On the Specific Characters of Dicksonia antarctica, Br., and Dicksonia lanata, Col. By T. Kirk 345347
– vii –
XLIV. Notice of a Remarkable Arborescent Fern on Ngongptaha. By T. Kirk 347348
XLV. Notice of a New Species of Senecio (S. hectori). By John Buchanan, of the Geological Survey of New Zealand 348349
XLVI. List of Plants found on Miramar Peninsula, Wellington Harbour. By J. Buchanan 349352
XLVII. On the Fertilization of the New Zealand species of Pterostylis. By Thomas F. Cheeseman 352357
XLVIII. On the Growth of Phormium tenax. By the Hon. Col. Haultain 357360
XLIX. Notes on Plants collected near Invercargill. By J. S. Webb 360363
L. On the Botany and Conchology of Great Omaha. By T. Kirk, F.L.S. 363369
IV.— Chemistry.
LI. On the Mode of producing Auriferous Alloys by Wet Processes. By W. Skey, Analyst to the Geological Survey of New Zealand 370372
LII. Critical Notes upon the Alleged Nuclear Action of Gold upon Gold reduced from Solution by Organic Matter. By W. Skey 372375
LIII. On the Absorption of certain Alkaloids by Aluminous Silicates. By W. Skey 375376
LIV. On the Proposed Substitution of Acetate for Sulphate of Copper in the Manufacture of Iodine. By W. Skey 376377
LV. On the Formation of Gold Nuggets in Drift. By W. Skey 377383
V.—Geology.
LVI. On the Date of the Last Great Glacier Period in New Zealand and the Formation of Lake Wakatipu. By Captain F. W. Hutton, F.G.S. 384396
LVII. Notes on Miramar Peninsula, Wellington Harbour. By J. C. Crawford, F.G.S. 396400
Proceedings.
Wellington Philosophical Society.
Abstract Report of Council-for 1871 403
Election of Office-bearers-for 1872 403
Natural History Notes. By W. Buller, D.Sc, F.G.S. 404405
The Ascent of Tauakira. By H. C. Field 405406
Anniversary Address of the President, James Hector, M.D., F.R.S. 407424
Notes on Parasitic Animals. By F. J. Knox, L.R.C.S.E. 424
On the Stone Period of South Africa. By Dr. Comrie, R.N. 425
On South American Geology and Topography. By J.C. Crawford, F.G.S. 425426
Notes on the New Zealand Hawk. By W. Buller, D.Sc, F.L.S. 427
Note on the Fur Seal of New Zealand. By J. E. Gray, Ph.D., F.R.S., Hon. Member, N.Z. Inst. 428
On the Chief Features of the Vegetation of the District between Maketu and Lake Taupo. By T. Kirk, F.L.S. 428429
List of Human, Moa, and other Bones found on Miramar Peninsula. By Dr. Hector 431
Notes on the Anatomy of the Huia. By F. J. Knox, L.R.GS.E. 431
Account of the Turner Reef, Marlborough. By Dr. Hector 432
Travels on the West Coast of the South Island. By Hon. W. Fox 433434
– viii –
Description of the Extinct Gigantic Bird of Prey, Hokioi. By a Maori; communicated by Sir G. Grey, K.C. B., Hon. Mem. N.Z. Inst. 435
Observations on the Comparative Anatomy of the Penguin. By F. J. Knox, L.R.C.S.E. 436
Further Notice of Bones of a Fossil Penguin (Palœeudyptes antarcticus, Huxley) By Dr. Hector 438439
Notice of a Parrot-fish (Odax vittatus). By W. T. L. Travears, F.L.S. 439
Abstract Report of Council for 1872 439440
Election of Office-bearers for 1873 440
Auckland Institute.
Abstract of Annual Report 441442
Election of Officers for 1872 442
Anniversary Address of the President, Theophilus Heale 442449
On the Occurrence of the Sprat and Anchovy at the Thames. By Captain; Hutton, F.G.S. 449450
On the Occurrence of the Clover Dodder (Cuscuta trifolii) in the Waikato District. By Major W. G. Mair 450451
On the Rate of Growth of Native Trees under Cultivation. By J. Baber, C.E. 451452
On the Cultivation of Native Trees. By D. Hay 452455
On Shells collected North of the Auckland Isthmus. By T. B. Gillies 455
On a New Mode of compiling Tables of Logarithms. By R. J. Pearce 455
On the Introduction of Trout to New Zealand. By T. B. Gillies 456
On the Mud-fish (Neochanna apoda), being extracts from letters written by G. G. Fitzgerald and S. E. Vollams; communicated by W. C. Roberts 456457
On a Remarkable Instance of Refraction of the Hakarimata and Taupiri Ranges. By Major W. G. Mair 457458
Philosophical Institute of Canterbury.
Anniversary Address of the President, His Honour Mr. Justice Gresson 459465
On Darwin's Provisional Hypothesis of Pangenesis. By Dr. A. C. Barker 465
Note on the Size and Weight of the Smallest Particles visible to the Highest Powers of the Microscope. By Ll. Powell, M.D. 465
On the Practical Uses of an Observatory. By W. M. Maskell 467
Annual Report 467468
Election of Officers for 1873 468
Otago Institute.
Abstract of Annual Report 469470
Election of Officers for year ending 30th June, 1873 470
Anniversary Address of the President, His Honour Mr. Justice Chapman 470480
On a Fish of the genus Bovichthys, caught near Dunedin. By J. S. Webb 480
On a Supposed Hybrid. By A. C. Purdie 480481
On Recent Additions to the Museum. By A. C. Purdie 481
Description of a Submarine Boat for Gold-mining under Water. By M. Villaine 481
Remarks on Kiwis captured near Dunedin. By R. Gillies 482
Nelson Association for the Promotion of Science
and Industry
On the Mineral Resources of Nelson Province. By J. Tatton 484
Election of Officers for 1873 485
On the Cultivation of Sugar-beet in New Zealand. By T. Mackay, C. E. 485487
– ix –
Appendix.
pages
Meteorological Statistics of New Zealand for 1872 xixxxi
Earthquakes reported in New Zealand during 1872 xxi
Comparative Abstract for 1872 and Previous Years xii
Notes on the Weather during 1872 xxiiixxiv
Lecture on the Formation of Mountains. By Captain F. W. Hutton, F.G.S., C.M.Z.S. xxvxxxiv
On the Influence of Temperature on Infant Mortality By Dr. Deck xxxvxlii
Observations on the Zodiacal Light, tending to show its Connection with the Sun's Motion in Space. By H. Skey xliii—xlvii
Notes on the Zodiacal Light. By J. S. Webb xlviixlix
On the Work of the Past Year in Astronomy and Celestial Physics: By J. S. Webb llviii
List of Members lixlxv
Preface iii
Addenda et Errata iv
Contents vix
List of Plates ixx
Board of Governors of the New Zealand Institute xi
Abstracts of Rules and Statutes of the New Zealand Institute xixiii
List of Incorporated Societies xiv
List of Officers and Extracts from the Rules of Incorporated Societies xivxvi
Illustrations.
Plate I. Hector.–Skulls of Clymenia obscura and Electra clancula 158
II. " Skulls of Delphinus forsteri and Clymenia novcœ-zealandiœ 158
III. " Dolichodon layardii, lower jaw and. tooth; Electro, clancula; Delphinus forsteri 162
IV. " Skull of Epiodon chathamiensis 166
V. " Lower jaw and teeth of E. chathamiensis 166
VI. " Tympanic bones–1a. & b. Neobalœna marginata; 2. Eubalœna australis; 3a. & b. Megaptera novœ-zealandiœ; 4a. & b. Mesoplodon knoxi; 5a. & b. Berardius arnuxii 170
VII. Hutton. – Scorpis hectori, Chilodactylus spectabilis, Mendosoma lineata 262
VIII. " Sebastes percoides, Scorpœna cruenta, Neptomenus bilineatus, Ditrema, violacea 262
IX. " Cyttus traversi, Eleotris radiata, Clinus rubrum, Mugil cephalotus 264
X. " Ctenolabrus knoxi, Labrichthys bothryocosmus, L. psittacula 264
XI. " Calloptilum punctatum, Ammotretis guntheri, Rhombosolea leporina 268
XII. " Rhombosolea tapirina, Clupea sprattus var. antipodum, Geotria clilensis, G. australis 271
XV. " Lepidotrigla brachyoptera, Eleotris gobioides, Trypterygium compressum, Clinus flavescens, Photicthys argenteus, Scopelus parvimanus 268
– x –
XVI. Haast.—Haplodactylus donaldii, Kathetostoma giganteum, Leptoscopus hultonii, Notothenia maoriensis, Bowenia, novœzealandiœ 278
XVII. Potts.—Nests of Certhiparus novœ-zealandiœ and Creadion carunculatus 184
XVIII. " Rallus pectoralis and R. pictus
Powell.—Stridulating organs of Cicada 199
XIX. " 1. Salticus appressus; 2. S. minax; 3. S. atratus; 4. S. V-notatus; 6. S. fumosus; 7. S. mustelinus; 8. S. albobarbatus 286
XX. Cheeseman.—Pterostylis trullifolia, 356
XXI. Crawford.—Plan, of Miramar Peninsula 396
XXII. Buller.—Porina mairi 280
XIII. Deck.—Tables to accompany Lecture on Infant Mortality App. xxxvi
XIV. H. Skey.—Diagram of the Zodiacal Light " xxxvi