Go to National Library of New Zealand Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa
Volume 10, 1877
This text is also available in PDF
(1 MB) Opens in new window
– 269 –

Pyrameis, Hübner.

4. Pyrameis kershawi. Pl. XII., Fig. 1.

Cynthia kershawii, M'Coy, Ann. and Mag. Nat. Hist., IV., vol. 1, p. 76 (1868).

Pyrameis cardui, var. P. kershawii, Butler, Erebus and Terror, Lep., p. 29 (1874).

Primaries above brown at the base; the central area fleshy-pink clouded with fulvous, crossed by an irregular oblique black belt, a spot of the latter divided off by a slender oblique line of the ground colour within the discoidal cell; apical area and outer border broadly black; a post-discoidal oblique trifid white patch, followed by an arched series of four white spots, the uppermost bifid, the lowermost largest and rounded; an indistinct sub-marginal series of linear white markings from above the second median branch to the costa; fringe white, interrupted by black at the terminations of the nervures; secondaries brown; the end of the cell and the disc flesh-colour, clouded with fulvous; the costa and apex black; four blue-centred discal black spots; a sub-marginal series of five fusiform black spots, end to end; a marginal series of larger sub-conical black spots; fringe as in primaries; body brown. Primaries below with the base to the middle of the cell rosy; the end of the cell white, bounded externally by a trifid black bar; the apical area varied with olive-brown and silvery-grey; the whole wing clearer and brighter than above; secondaries white, clouded with pale dull yellow and marbled with brown, indicating a central broad irregular band; the apical third of discoidal cell white; five discal ocelli; the second and fifth largest with bifid lilac centres, the first small with the iris broad and white internally, the third and fourth medium-sized with blue centres; outer border testaceous, edged with black, bounded internally by a sub-marginal white stripe, in front of which are two interrupted sinuated blackish lines filled in at anal angle with pale lilac; body below greyish-white; expanse of wings, 2 inches 6 lines.

– 270 –

5. Pyrameis itea.

Papilio (n.g.) itea, Fabricius, Syst. Ent., p. 498, n. 238 (1775); Donovan, Ins. New Holland, pl. 26, f. 1, (1805.)

Vanessa itea, Godart, Enc. Meth., IX., p. 321, n. 57 (1819); White in Taylor's New Zealand, pl. 2, figs. 2, 2 (1855).

Bassaris itea, Hübner, Samml. Esot., Schmett. (1816-24).

Pyrameis itea, Doubleday, Gen. Diurn. Lepid., p. 202 (1849).

Primaries above with the basal third golden-brown becoming tawny on its external margin, bounded by a broad oblique central yellow band crossed by the costal and median nervures and the first median branch, its inner edge limited internally within the cell by a transverse tapering black line; external area from the band to the outer margin black; a trifid yellow oblique spot beyond the cell; a bifid subcostal spot, and a spot above the third median branch, white; indications of two greyish lunulated submarginal lines; fringe between the veins white; secondaries bright chestnutred, becoming golden-brown at the base and along the inner margin, the costal area, apex, and outer margin, black; four small rounded discal black spots, the two outermost pupilled with lilac; a lilac subanal streak, and behind it a longer streak of the ground-colour, both parallel to the outer margin; fringe as in primaries; abdominal area greyish-brown; body chiefly golden-brown; head and prothorax greyish; dorsum olivaceous.

Primaries below black, greyish at apex; sub-basal area bright chestnutred, bounded by three black spots, two transverse and divergent within the cell, the third diffusely ovate below it; basal area dark grey, irrorated with sulphur-yellow within the cell; costal area on basal area black, crossed by numerous pale sulphur-yellow lines; central band sulphur-yellow, externally more angular than above; an annular blue marking at the end of the cell, followed by a sub-angulated tapering transverse pale yellow streak; two sub-apical white spots as above, and between them indications of two ocelli outlined in black, with reddish centres spotted with black; outer marginal border greyish, almost white on lower discoidal and second median interspaces, and intersected throughout by a blackish line; fringe as above; secondaries olive-brown, banded and spotted with black and dark brown, the markings in the cell and near the base outlined with whitish; the abdominal area and outer border irrorated with greyish and lilacine; five more or less complete discal ocelli, like those between the sub-apical spots of the primaries; body sordid whitish, the pectus clothed with dense coarse grey hair; expanse of wings, 2 inches 4 lines.

6. Pyrameis gonerilla.

Papilio (n.g.) gonerilla, Fabricius, Syst. Ent., p. 498, n. 237 (1775); Donovan, Ins. New Holland, pl. 25, fig. 2 (1805).

Vanessa gonerilla, White in Taylor's New Zealand, pl. 2, fig. 1 (1855).

Papilio generilla, (sic), Fabricius, Mant. Ins., p. 44, n. 437 (1787).

– 271 –

Basal third of the wings above brown, external two-thirds blue-black; primaries crossed by a nearly central angulated oblique scarlet belt which does not reach the inner margin; a trifid transverse white spot beyond the end of the cell, followed by a series of six spots, the fifth large, the first, second, and fifth white internally, otherwise all blue; fringes greyish; secondaries with the whole centre of the disc scarlet, crossed by four oval blue-pupilled black spots in pairs, the inner pair nearest to the outer margin; body brown; abdomen pale at the sides.

Primaries below brown at base, apex, and outer border, the red belt of the upper side becoming white towards costa and yellow upon the costa, sharply cut, excavated in front, angulated from the second median branch, its lower extremity continued internally but abruptly interrupted by a rounded black spot below the first median branch; a large black patch over the end of the cell enclosing a violet annular marking followed by a whitish arched belt; the succeeding white spots as above but no blue spots; two indications of ocelli as in P. itea; a sub-marginal bluish-grey belt, bounded externally by a black streak from the lower radial to the external angle; secondaries olive-brown varied with darker brown, slaty-grey and whity-brown, and crossed by blackish lines indicating bands; abdominal and external areas irrorated with white; a discal lunulated lilacine line, bisinuated between each two nervures; five discal brown ocelli outlined with black, with reddish centres irrorated with lilacine, the two lowermost ones best defined; body below yellowish, the pectus clothed with dense woolly grey hair; expanse of wings 2 inches 8 lines.