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Volume 11, 1878
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– 435 –

Art. LXIX.—List of Plants collected in the District of Okarito, Westland.

[Read before the Wellington Philosophical Society, 11th January, 1879.]

The area over which the following plants were collected may be defined as lying between the Waitaki and the Waiho rivers, and extending back to the foot of the ranges. I much regret that I was unable to devote any time to the Alpine flora, the highest point on which I collected being a short distance up the Francis Joseph Glacier. Most of the specimens were collected on the shores of the lagoon, which extends from Commissioner's Point to the town of Okarito, and round which are found many plants of interest, many of them apparently very local. The only place where I found Hymeno-phyllum minimum was on the rocks round Commissioner's Point, and H. armstrongii, and Lycopodium ramulosum appeared confined to a small cluster of gullies at the back of the town. Ferns were most plentiful in the low damp bush at the head of lake Mapourika and on the line of the Okarito Bowan Road, above the forks of the Okarito river, the most attractive being the magnificent Leptopteris superba. Although cattle have now been for some years in the bush, the general character of the vegetation is unaltered.

Mr. Kirk has very kindly identified my specimens, a list of which is subjoined, and I trust that at some future day it may be supplemented with a more complete one, as I was compelled to leave the best parts of the district unvisited. The collection was made in 1877.

Ranunculaceæ.

  • Clematis parviflora, A. Cunn., var.

  •    trilobata.

  •    hexasepala, DC.

  • Ranunculus rivularis, Banks and Sol.

  •    β. subfluitans

  •    subscaposus, Hook. f.

  •    hirtus, Banks and Sol.

Cruciferæ.

  • Cardamine hirsuta, L.

  • Lepidium…….?

Violarieæ.

  • Viola filicaulis, Hook. f.

  • Melicytus ramiflorus, Forst.

Caryophyllaceæ

  • Spergularia rubra, Pers., var. marina.

  • * Silene quinquevulnera, L.

  • * Carastium viscosum, L.

  • * Polycarpon tetraphyllum, L.

Portulaceæ

  • Montia fontana, L.

– 436 –

Malvaceæ

  • Playianthus betulinus, A. Cunn. lyallii, Hook. f.

Tiliaceæ.

  • Elæocarpus hookerianus, Raoul.

  • Aristotelia colensoi, Hook. f.

Geraniaceæ.

  • Oxalis corniculata, L.

Olacineæ.

  • Pennantia corymbosa, Forst.

Coriarieæ.

  • Coriaria thymifolia, Humb.

  •    ruscifolia, L.

Leguminosæ

  • * Trifolium minus, Sm.

  • Sophora tetraptera, Aiten.

  • Carmichelia odorata, Col.

Rosaceæ.

  • Rubus australis, Forst.

  • Potentilla anserina, L.

  • Geum parviflorum, Cunn.

  • Acæna sanguisorbæ, Vahl.

Saxifrageæ.

  • Weinmannia racemosa, Forst.

  • Quintinia serrata, A. Cunn., var. β.

Droseraceæ.

  • Drosera binata, Labill.

  •    spathulata, Labill.

Halorageæ.

  • Haloragis depressa, Hook. f.

  •    alata, Jacq.

  •    micrantha, Br.

  • Myriophyllum variæfolium ? Hook. f.

  •    pedunculatum, Hook. f.

  •    elatinoides, Gaudich.

  • Gunnera monoica, Raoul.

  •    densiflora, Hook. f.

Myrtaceæ.

  • Leptospermum scoparium, Forst.

  • Metrosideros scandens, Banks and Sol.

  •    lucida, Menzies

  • Myrtus pedunculata, Hook. f.

Onagrarieæ.

  • Fuchsia excorticata, Lin. f.

  • Epilobium rotundifolium, Forst.

  •    alsinoides, A. Cunn.

  •    nummularifolium, A. Cunn.

  •    melanocaulon, Hook.

  •    pallidiflorum, Sol.

Umbelliferæ.

  • Hydrocotyle moschata, Forst. var.—.

  •    asiatica, L.

  •    novæ-zealandiæ, DC., var.—.

  • Crantzia lineata, Nuttall.

  • Eryngium vesiculosum, Labill.

  • Angelica gingidium, Hook. f.

  • Apium filiforme, Hook.

Araliaceæ.

  • Panax simplex, Forst.

  •    colensoi, Hook. f.

  •    edgerleyi, Hook. f. (young)

  •    crassifolium, Dene and Planch.

  • sp.—(young state).

Corneæ.

  • Griselinia littoralis, Raoul.

Rubiaceæ.

  • Coprosma fætidissima, Forst.

  •    robusta, Raoul.

  •    tenuicaulis, Hook. f.

  •    lucida, Forst.

  •    parviflora, Hook. f.

  • Nertera depressa, Banks and Sol.

  •    dichondræfolia, Hook. f.

  • Asperula perpusilla, Hook. f.

Compositæ.

  • Olearia ilicifolia, Hook.

  •    virgata, Hook. f. (var.)

  •    nitida, Hook. f.

  • Celmisia longifolia, Cass.

  •    bellidioides, Hook. f.

  • Lagenophora forsteri, DC., et var.

  • Cotula coronopifolia, L.

  •    perpusilla, Hook.

  • Craspedia fimbriata, DC.

  • Cassinia vauvilliersii, Hook. f.

  • Raoulia tenuicaulis, Hook. f.

  • Gnaphalium luteo-album, L.

  •    involucratum, Forst.

  •    bellidioides, Hook. f.

  •    filicaule, Hook. f.

  • Senecio lautus, Forst.

  • Taraxacum dens-leonis, Desf.

Campanulaceæ.

  • Wahlenbergia saxicola, A. DC.

  • Lobelia anceps, Thunberg.

  • Pratia angulata, Hook. f.

  • Selliera radicans, Cav.

Ericeæ

  • Gaultheria antipoda, Forst., v.

– 437 –
  • Cyathodes acerosa, Br.

  • Leucopogon fraseri, A. Cunn.

Primulaceæ.

  • Samolus repens, Pers.

  • * Anagallis arvensis, L.

Apocyneæ.

  • Parsonsia rosea, Raoul.

  •    albiflora, Raoul.

Convolvulaceæ.

  • Convolvulus tuguriorum, Forst.

  •    sepium, Linn.

  • Cuscuta densiflora, Hook. f.

Solaneæ.

  • Solanum aviculare, Forst.

Scrophularineæ.

  • Glossostigma elatinoides, Benth.?

  • A doubtful identification in the absence of flowers or fruit.

  • Veronica lyalli, Hook. f.

  •    lævis, Benth.

  • Mimulus repens, Br.

  • Euphrasia revoluta, Hook. f.

Lentibularieæ

  • Utricularia mononthos, Hook. f.

Verbenaceæ.

  • Myoporum lætum, Forst.

Labiateæ.

  • Mentha cunninghamii, Benth.

Paronychieæ.

  • Scleranthus biflorus, Hook. f.

Polygoneæ.

  • Muhlenbeckia complexa, Meisn.

  •    adpressa, Lab.

  • Rumex acetosella, L.

Laurineæ.

  • Hedycarya dentata, Forst.

  • Thymeleæ.

  • Pimelea prostrata, Vahl.

Cupulifereæ.

  • Fagus fusca, Hook. f.

  •    solandri, Hook. f.

Piperaceæ.

  • Piper excelsum, Forst.

Coniferæ.

  • Podocarpus totara, A. Cunn.

  • Dacrydium cupressinum, Sol.

  • Phyllocladus alpinus, Hook. f.

Orchideæ.

  • Earina autumnalis, Hook. f.

  • Dendrobium cunninghami, Lindl.

  • Bolbophyllum pygmæum, Lindl.

  • Corysanthes rivularis, Hook. f.

  •    oblonga, Hook. f.

  • Microtis porrifolia, Spreng.

  • Prasohphyllum nudum, Hook. f.

  • Pterostylis banksii, Br.

  • Spiranthes australis, Lindl.

  • Thelymitra pulchella, Hook. f.

Irideæ.

  • Libertia micrantha, A. Cunn.

Pandaneæ.

  • Freycinetia banksii, A. Cunn.

Naiadeæ.

  • Triglochin triandrum, Mich.

  • Ruppia maritima, Linn.

  • Zostera nana, Roth., var. müelleri

Liliaceæ.

  • Rhipogonum scandens, Forst.

  • Callixene parviflora, Hook. f.

  • Cordyline banksii, Hook. f.

  • Dianella intermedia, Endl.

  • Astelia grandis, Hook. f.

  •    cunninghami, Hook. f.

  • Anthericum hookeri, Colenso.

  • Phormium tenax, Forst

  •    colensoi, Hook. f.

Junceæ.

  • Juncus bufonius, L.

  •    planifolius, Br.

  • Luzula campestris, DC.

Restiaceæ.

  • Calorophus elongata, Lab.

Cyperaceæ.

  • Cyperus ustulatus, A. Rich.

  • Schænus axillaris, Hook. f.

  •    pauciflorus, Hook. f.

  • Scirpus triqueter, L.

  •    lacustris, L.

  • Eleocharis acuta, Br., var. platylepis

  •    sphacelata, Br.

  • Isolepis prolifer, Br.

  •    riparia, Br.

  •    aucklandica, Hook. f.

  •    fluitans, Br.

  • Desmoschænus spiralis, Hook. f.

  • Cladium gunnii, Hook. f.

  • Lepidosperma tetragona, Labill.

  • Uncinia cæspitosa, Boott.

– 438 –

    Cyperaceæcontinued.

    • Uncinia australis, Persoon.

    •    compacta, Br., var. divaricata

    •    banksii, Boott.

    • Carex subdola, Boott.

    •    cataractæ, Br.

    •    pumila, Thunb.

    •    ternaria, Forst.

    •    lucida, Boott.

    •    gaudichaudiana, Kunth. (small state)

    •    lambertiana, Boott.

    • sp. allied to C. testacea, Sol.

    • sp. nov.

    Gramineæ.

    • Zoysia pungens, Willd.

    • Dichelachne crinita, Hook. f.

    • Agrostis æmula, Br.

    •    quadriseta, Br.

    • Danthonia cunninghami, Hook. f.

    • semi-annularis, Br.

    • " var. β. pilosa

    • Deschampsia cœspitosa, Palisot.

    • Hierochloe redolens, Br.

    •    alpina, Rœm. and Sch.

    • Poa breviglumis, Hook. f.

    • anceps, Forst.

    • " var. β. foliosa

    • australis, var. lœvis, Br.

    • foliosa, Hook. f.

    • colensoi, Hook. f.

    • Festuca duriuscula, L.

    • *Briza minor, L.

    • *Holcus lanatus, L.

    • *Poa annua, L.

    • *pratense, L.

    • *Bromus mollis, L.

    • *Festuca myurus, L.

    • *Anthoxanthum odoratum, L.

    • *Dactylis glomerata, L.

    • *Lolium perenne, L.

    • *temulentum, L.

    Filices.

    • Gleichenia circinata, Swartz.

    •    cunninghamii, Heward.

    • Cyathea dealbata, Swartz.

    • Hemitelia smithii, Hook.

    • Dicksonia lanata, Col.

    • Hymenophyllum tunbridgense, Sm.

    • " var. β. cupressiforme

    • unilaterale, Willd.

    • minimum, A. Rich.

    • cheesemannii, Baker.

    • armstrongii, Kirk.

    • multifidum, Swartz.

    Filices.—continued.

    • Hymenophyllum rarum, Br.

    •    puleherrimum, Col.

    •    dilatatum, Swartz.

    •    polyanthos, Swartz.

    •    villosum, Colenso.

    •    demissum, Swartz.

    •    scabrum, A. Rich.

    •    flabellatum, Labill.

    • æruginosum, Carmich.

    •    rufescens, Kirk, MS.

    • Trichomanes reniforme, Forst.

    •    strictum, Menzies

    •    colensoi, Hook.

    •    venosum, Br.

    •    lyallii, Hook.

    • Davallia novœ-zealandiœ, Col.

    • Lindsæa trichomanoides, Dryand.

    • Pteris incisa, Thumb.

    •    scaberula, A. Rich.

    •    aquilina, L., var. esculenta

    • Lomaria nigra, Col.

    •    alpina, Spreng.

    • procera, Spreng.

    • " var. minor.

    •    fluviatilis, Spreng.

    •    discolor, Wild.

    •    lanceolata, Spreng.

    •    elongata, Blume.

    •    vulcanica, Blume.

    • Asplenium obtusatum, Forst.

    •    lucidum, Forst.

    •    falcatum, Lam.

    •    bulbiferum, Forst.

    •    flaccidum, Forst.

    • Aspidium aculeatum, Swartz.

    • " var. vestitum, Hook.

    •    capense, Willd.

    • Nephrodium glabellum, Cunn.

    • Polypodium australe, Mett.

    •    grammitidis, Br.

    •    rugulosum, Labill.

    •    pennigerum, Forst.

    •    serpens, Niph.

    •    billardieri, Br.

    • Leptopteris superba, Hook. f.

    • Ophioglossum costatum, Br.

    Lycopodiaceæ.

    • Lycopodium billardieri, Spreng.

    •    ramulosum, Kirk, MS.

    •    magellanicum.

    •    scariosum, Forst.

    •    laterale, Br.

    • Tmesipteris forsteri, Endl.

    Marsileaceæ.

    • Azolla rubra.