Go to National Library of New Zealand Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa
Volume 11, 1878
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1. “On Beach Protection,” by W. D. Campbell, F.G.S., Assoc. Inst. C.E. (Transactions, p. 146.)

This paper was accompanied by diagrams.

2. “Notice of a Tadpole found in a Drain in Hokitika,” by F. E. Clarke.

The embryo amphibian was found in a small pool of water left in the bottom of the drain, after being cleared of rubbish, etc., by the Corporation labourers.

It had suffered considerable injury, either from being trodden on or from being cut by the shovel of the labourer, its bowels protruding through the wound. Although alive when captured, this soon caused its death.

From its appearance, it would be about three weeks old, the lungs and hind-legs being well developed, but the fore-legs were merely rudimentary. From its size it seemed to be the tadpole of a very large frog.

No frogs or frog-spawn having been introduced nearer to the West Coast of New Zealand than Nelson or Christchurch (in both of which places, I understand, the “musical amphibians” are rapidly increasing), it is puzzling to conjecture in what manner the little stranger arrived in a territory having a climate so thoroughly congenial to its kith and kin.

No others have been discovered since, although the drains and creeks have been many times carefully examined.

Total length, 2.3 inches; length, from head to hind legs, .85 inches; diameter of eye, .1 inch; width of mouth, .15 inch.

3. “On some new Fishes,” by F. E. Clarke. (Transactions, p. 291.)

This paper was accompanied by drawings of the fishes described.

4. “The District of Okarita, Westland,” by A. Hamilton. (Transactions, p. 386.)

Mr. Clarke stated that moa bones had been found in several places in Westland, and in one instance in large quantities.