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Volume 13, 1880

Otago Institute.

First Meeting. 11th May, 1880.
Dr. Hocken, President, in the Chair.

New Members.—A. R. Ure, H. Carrick, W. Brown.

1. “Notes on the Fertilization of Flowering Plants of New Zealand,” by Geo. M. Thomson, F.L.S. (Transactions, p. 241.)

2. “Recent Additions to the Crustacean Fauna of New Zealand,” by Geo. M. Thomson, F.L.S. (Transactions, p. 204.)

Second Meeting. 29th June, 1880.
Dr. Hocken, President, in the Chair.

New Members.—Professor Parker, Dr. Maunsell.

The President announced that Professor Parker had been elected to the vacant seat on the Council, in place of Mr. J. S. Webb, resigned.

1. “On the Flora of Stewart Island,” by D. Petrie, M.A. (Transactions, p. 328.)

Mr. Geo. M. Thomson corroborated most of the statements made by the writer of the paper as to the barrenness of the soil over large tracts of country at the head of Paterson Inlet and round Port Pegasus. He also pointed out the fact that several of the recently discovered plants from the Island were allied to forms occurring in the mountains of Tasmania.

Mr. R. Gillies challenged the opinion that the Island was unsuited for agricultural settlement; he considered that it was well suited for small holders, and would yet carry a considerable population, when its fisheries were properly developed.

2. “On Donatia novœ-zœlandiœ, with a revision of the New Zealand Stylidœ,” by Geo. M. Thomson, F.L.S. (Transactions, p. 289.)

3. “On New New Zealand Plants,” by Dr. Berggren, taken from the “Journal of Botany,” communicated by the Hon. Secretary. (Transactions, p. 290.)

Third Meeting. 17th August, 1880.
Dr. Hocken, President, in the chair.

New Members.—W. Dymock, E. W. Humphreys.

1. “John Stuart Mill on Mind and Matter,” by Mr. A. Montgomery.

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Professor Parker exhibited adult and young specimens of the Rock-hopper—Pygoscelis tœniata, from the Macquarrie Islands. This bird is new to the New Zealand Avifauna.

Professor Parker also exhibited a skeleton of a Pea-hen, articulated on a plan somewhat similar to that employed by Professor Flower, of London, so that every bone could be detatched and separately examined. Skeletons of all the important types are now being similarly prepared in the Otago Museum.

Fourth Meeting. 24th August, 1880.
Dr. Hocken, President, in the chair.

1. “Notes on some specimens of Migratory Salmoniœ,” by. W. Arthur, C.E. (Transactions, p. 175.)

2. “On Periodic Vertical Oscillations in the Sun's Atmosphere, and their connection with the formation of Solar Spots,” by H. Skey. (Transactions, p. 91.)

Fifth Meeting. 31st August, 1880.
Dr. Hocken, President, in the chair.

New Members.—Montagu Pym, George Turnbull, and Hanson Turton.

The Secretary laid on the table the annual report of the Dunedin Naturalists' Field Club.

The chair having been vacated was taken by Mr. W. N. Blair.

Dr. Hocken then delivered a most interesting lecture on “the early History of New Zealand, from the earliest times to the settlement of the first Mission Station at the Bay of Islands.”

Sixth Meeting. 14th September, 1880.
Dr. Hocken, President, in the chair.

New Members.—Dr. McCaw (Mosgiel), Richard N. Reid (Palmerston), George Harry Gordon (Oamaru), Watson Shennan (Conical Hills), Walter Guthrie, and Thomas Sherlock Graham.

The chair having been vacated was taken by Professor Parker.

Dr. Hocken then delivered his second lecture on “the early History of New Zealand.”

Seventh Meeting. 22nd October, 1880.
Dr. Hocken, President, in the chair.

New Members.—Dr. A. H. Neill, Mr. Holland.

Professor Parker then delivered a most interesting lecture on “Modern Histological Methods,” which was illustrated by various forms of accessory apparatus, and by the exhibition of numerous microscopical preparations.

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The Chairman announced that it had been resolved by the Council to send an address to Mr. Charles Darwin, F.R.S.

1. “On the Venous system of the New Zealand Skate (Raja nasuta, Solander),” by Professor Parker. (Transactions, p. 412.)

2. “On the new species of Holothurian (Chirodota dunedinensis),” by Professor Parker. (Transactions, p. 418.)

3. “On some new species of Carex,” by D. Petrie, M.A. (Transactions, p. 332.)

4. “On the History of Fish Culture in New Zealand,” by W. Arthnr.

Election of Office-bearers for 1881:—President—G. M. Thomson, F.L.S.; Vice-presidents—Dr. Hocken, A. Montgomery; Hon. Secretary—Professor Parker; Hon. Treasurer—D. Petrie, M.A.; Auditor—D. Brent, M.A.; Council—Dr. Coughtrey, R. Gillies, F.L.S., W. Arthur, C.E., G. Joachim, H. Skey, W. M. Hodgkins, W. N. Blair, C.E.

Abstract of Annual Report.

Nine general meetings of the members have been held, at which the average attendance has been very good. At four of these eleven original papers were read, five of which related to Botany, five to Zoology, and one to astronomy. At the other meetings lectures were delivered as follows:—

1. “John Stuart Mill on ‘Mind and Matter,”’ by Mr. A. Montgomery.

2 and 3. “On the Early History of New Zealand” (two lectures), by Dr. Hocken.

4. “On Modern Histological Methods,” by Professor Parker.

5. “On the Study of Landscape Art in New Zealand,” by Mr. W. M. Hodgkins.

The amount of interest manifested in these lectures justifies the Council in recommending a continuance of this part of the Institute's work.

Thirty-five additional members have joined the Institute during the year, making the nominal number now on the roll amount to 260; but in accordance with the rule that members' names shall be struck off when their subscriptions are two years in arrears, a considerable deduction on this number will have to be made at the commencement of another year.

An order for several valuable works of reference was forwarded to London by mail of 3rd December, accompanied by a draft for £50.

The balance-sheet shows on current account that the receipts for the year (including balance of £12 17s. 10d. from last year) amount to £204 19s. 4d., and the expenditure to £192 18s. 8d., leaving a balance in hand of £12 0s. 8d. Against this, however, is an overdraft from the Union Bank of Australia of £68 6s. 6d.

The Reserve Fund in the Post Office Savings' Bank now amounts to £121 19s. 1d.