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Volume 13, 1880
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Notes On The Weather During 1880.

January.—Very fine, bright, warm weather generally experienced, the temperature being rather above the average. Rain about the average, but chiefly occurring during middle of month. Winds moderate on the whole. Earthqnake at Queenstown on 9th, at 12.15 p.m., slight.

February.—Remarkably fine, warm, weather throughout; temperature greatly in excess of average, and rainfall much less. Winds moderate; very high atmospheric pressure. Earthquake felt at Napier on the 10th, at 1 p.m., slight, and at Hokitika on 22nd, at 9.30 p.m., slight. A large comet observed in S.W. on 2nd, and visible for many days; several meteors observed during this period.

March.—At some stations exceedingly fine with little rain, while at others the rain was in excess and the temperature throughout high. The winds were on the whole moderate, and the weather generally agreeable. At some places it was very warm and sultry. Earthquakes at Wanganui on 10th, 5.30 a.m., sharp with noise, and 11th, at 11.20 p.m., long heavy roll and noise; at Christchurch, early on 6th, smart, N. to S.; at Dunedin on 5th; at Queenstown on 4th, at 11.51 a.m., smart, and on 5th, at 12.35 a.m.

April.—Fine, bright, dry weather almost throughout; remarkably high atmospheric pressure and high temperature; very small rainfall; moderate winds. Earthquakes reported at Wanganui on the 17th, slight shock; at Wellington on 20th, at 12.39 p.m., a noise followed by a smart shake N. to S.; at Queenstown on 29th, at 2.30 a.m., sharp. Meteors observed on 10th, 18th, and 23rd.

May.—Generally stormy, wet, and unpleasant weather experienced throughout during this period, with much thunder and hail at several stations; in most places the rain was greatly in excess, but the temperature was generally high; the atmospheric pressure was low throughout. Earthquakes reported at Wanganui on 9th, two shakes at 8 p.m. and 8.10 p.m., smart; at Queenstown on 4th, at 4.45 a.m., and on 27th, at 11.30 a.m., both slight.

June.—For the time of year the weather throughout has been mild, with generally small rainfall and moderate winds; at some of the southern stations unusually fine. Earthquake at Queenstown on 8th, at 6.30 p.m., slight.

July.—Although the rain has been in excess at most places, and some strong gales have occurred, yet on the whole the weather has been mild, and at times very pleasant for the time of year. Earthquakes at Wanganui on 4th at 10 p.m., and 28th, at 5.12 p.m., very sharp; at Wellington on 28th at 5.15 p.m., smart; at Nelson on 28th, at 5.5 p.m., slight; at New Plymouth on 28th, at 5.12 p.m., sharp; and at Hokitika on 12th, at 11.30 p.m., slight, N.W. to S.E. Also, by telegram, earthquakes reported as occurring on 28th, at Napier, Waipawa, and Porangahau, at about 5.15 p.m., severe; at Bull's at 5.14 p.m., direction N.W. to S.E., very heavy shake preceded by loud noise; Palmerston North at 5.13 p.m., sharp; Foxton at 5.13 p.m., sharp; Turakina at 5.13 p.m., violent, shake lasting some time. On the 31st at Gisborne, two shocks at 1.18 and 1.25 a.m., N.E. by W., severe.

August.—About average weather for the time of year, the winds rather high and chiefly from W.; a good deal of thunder; rain and temperature, on the whole about the average. Earthquakes: Wellington, on 4th, at 2.57 a.m., two smart movements; Blenheim, on 4th, at 2.56 a.m., sharp. Meteors, Mongonui, 19th, large, Dunedin on 2nd.

September.—Remarkably fine and pleasant weather for time of year. In every case the temperature is above the average; the rainfall on the whole is much less than is usual for this month. Winds generally moderate.

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October.—Rainfall in the North generally in excess of average, while in the South it was less than usual; but for the time of year the weather has been fine throughout.

November.—The weather throughout was fine and seasonable with a rather higher temperature than usual, and about the average rainfall. The winds were principally northerly, and with few exceptions moderate. Earthquakes occurred at Wanganui on 27th, slight, at 1.15 p.m., and Nelson on 27th in afternoon, slight.

December.—On the whole rather unpleasant stormy weather throughout for the time of year, with much thunder, hail, and rain. In the South it was very unseasonable.

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Earthqukes reported in New Zealand during 1880.
Place. January. February. March. April. May. June. July. August. September. October. November. December. Total.
New Plymouth 28* 1
Napier 10* 28* 2
Waipawa 28* 1
Poraugahau 28* 1
Turakina 28† 1
Gisborne 31† 1
Wanganui 10* 17′ 9* 4* 27″ 7
Wanganui 11* 17′ 9* 28* 27″ 7
Wellington 24* 28* 4* 3
Palmerston North 28* 1
Foxton 28* 1
Bulls 28 1
Nelson 28† 27′ 2
Blenheim 4* 1
Christchurch 6* 1
Hokitika 22′ 12″ 2
Dunedin 5′ 1
Queenstown 9″ 4* 29* 4′ 8″ 7
Queenstown 9″ 5″ 29* 27′ 8″ 7

The figures denote the days of the month on which one or more shocks were felt. Those with an asterisk affixed were described as smart; those with a dagger as severe shocks. The remainder were only slight tremors, and no doubt escaped record at most stations. There being no instrumental means employed for their detection. These tables are therefore not reliable so far as indicating the geographical distribution of the shocks.