6. Carex uncifolia, n. sp.
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Small, tufted, usually of a dingy red colour. Stems very short, 1–2 inches high, rarely more, smooth, erect or spreading. Leaves two or three times longer than the culms, narrow, 1/30–1/40 inch broad, convex on the back, concave in front, rarely plano-convex or quite flat, hooked or twisted at the apex when dry. Bracts long and leafy. Spikelets 2 or 3, rarely 4, very small, seldom more than ¼ inch long and often much less, from the shortness of the culms packed away at the base of the leaves and concealed by them, close together, sessile, terminal one male, slender, erect, remainder all female, spreading. Glumes reddish-brown with a green centre; those of the male spikelet the largest, lanceolate, acute or obtuse; those of the female much shorter and broader, ovate, obtuse, acute or shortly cuspidate, entire at the tip. Perigynia rather larger than the glumes, dark red-purple, elliptic-oblong, trigonous or almost fusiform, smooth and even, acute at the base, narrowed upwards into a short 2-toothed beak, margins not serrate. Stigmas 3.
Hab. Mountains flanking the Wairau Valley, Nelson; alt. 3,000–4,000 feet.
The habit of this species is that of small and fine leaved specimens of C. breviculmis, from which, however, it differs widely in other respects. From the preceding species, and from C. cirrhosa, it differs in the much more slender culms and leaves, smaller spikelets, and in the perigynia being trigonous and almost fusiform; or, to take a familiar example, very near to those of C. lucida in shape.