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Volume 20, 1887
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Art. XV.—Descriptions of New Zealand Tineina.

[Read before the Philosophical Institute of Canterbury, 6th October, 1887.]

Gelechiadæ.

Leptosaces, n. g.

Head smooth; ocelli present; tongue well-developed. Antennæ ⅘, in male serrate, simple, basal joint elongate, with strong pecten. Labial palpi moderate, arched, ascending, second joint with appressed scales, slightly rough beneath, dilated towards apex, terminal joint short, half as long as second, slightly thickened with scales, pointed, not acute. Maxillary palpi obsolete. Posterior tibiæ clothed with long hairs above and beneath. Forewings with vein 1 furcate, 2 from ⅔ of cell, 4–7 approximated from narrow end of cell, 7 to costa, 8 absent (coincident with 7), 11 from about middle of cell. Hindwings ¾, elongate-oblong, narrow, hindmargin rectangularly emarginate beneath very strongly produced apex, cilia 4; veins 2–4 moderately remote, transverse vein absent, 5 and 6 absent, 7 to apex, 8 short, consisting almost wholly of a furcation towards base, of which the lower fork runs into 7.

A peculiar genus, with aberrant neuration.

Epiphth. melanombra, n. sp.

Male, female.—10–11 mm. Head, palpi, antennæ, thorax, abdomen and legs whitish, densely irrorated with black, appearing grey. Forewings elongate, pointed, apex subcaudate; whitish densely irrorated with black, appearing grey; a suffused blackish spot in disc before middle, another on anal angle, and a third less apparent towards apex: cilia grey, round apex whitish irrorated with black. Hindwings and cilia grey.

Christchurch; bred commonly by Mr. R. W. Fereday, in December, from larvæ mining blotches in the leaves of Olearia avicenniœfolia (an evergreen shrub belonging to the Compositœ) in November. I am indebted to his kindness for specimens.

Depressariadæ.
Leptosaces, n. g.

Head loosely haired; no ocelli; tongue well-developed. Antennæ ⅚, in male filiform, simple, basal joint moderately elongate, without pecten. Labial palpi long, recurved, second joint thickened with appressed scales, terminal joint as long as second, slender, acute. Maxillary palpi short, drooping. Abdomen tolerably flattened, in male strongly margined. Posterior

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tibiæ clothed with long hairs above. Forewings with vein 1 furcate, 2 from ⅘ of cell, 7 and 8 stalked, 7 to costa, 11 from middle of cell. Hindwings as broad as forewings, trapezoidalovate, apex and hindmargin rounded, cilia ⅔; veins 3 and 4 from a point, 6 and 7 tolerably parallel.

Lept. callixyla, n. sp.

Male, female.—16–18 mm. Head yellow-ochreous, crown mixed with dark fuscous. Palpi yellow-ochreous, terminal joint and a subapical band of second dark fuscous. Antennæ dark fuscous, in female annulated with whitish-ochreous. Thorax in male dark fuscous, in female yellow-ochreous, with shoulders and a dorsal streak dark fuscous. Abdomen grey. Legs dark fuscous, ringed with whitish-ochreous. Forewings elongate, rather narrow, costa gently arched, apex obtuse, hindmargin very obliquely rounded; rather dark fuscous, strewn with yellow-ochreous scales, in female suffused with yellow-ochreous towards inner margin; a longitudinal yellow-ochreous streak in disc from ¼ to ¾, in female extended to base; a cloudy dark fuscous dot on this streak at ⅓, a second beyond middle, and a third on fold obliquely beyond first; a yellow-ochreous transverse line, in male ill-defined, from ⅘ of costa to anal angle, sharply angulated in middle, indented beneath costa; an irregular yellow-ochreous hindmarginal line: cilia pale yellow-ochreous, with a rather dark fuscous basal line, in male also with a fuscous median line. Hindwings and cilia grey.

Whangarei and Nelson, in December and January; two specimens, amongst forest. The differences indicated between these two specimens may be either sexual or merely individual.

Œcophoridæ.
Peltophora, Meyr.

Antennæ in male with long fine ciliations (3), basal joint with pecten. Palpi long, second joint exceeding base of antennæ, smoothly scaled, terminal joint shorter than second, slender. Thorax smooth. Forewings with vein 2 from very near angle of cell, 7 to hindmargin. Hindwings almost as broad as forewings, elongate-ovate, cilia ⅗; neuration normal.

At present represented by about twenty Australian and one European species; the following species seems truly referable here, and is presumably a straggler.

Pelt. amenena, n. sp.

Male.—22–25 mm. Head, palpi, antennæ, thorax, and abdomen pale whitish-ochreous, sometimes brownish-tinged. Legs fuscous, posterior pair whitish-ochreous. Forewings elongate,

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costa moderately arched, slightly sinuate in middle, apex round-pointed, hindmargin very obliquely rounded; whitish-ochreous, sometimes with scattered fuscous scales, especially on costal half anteriorly; sometimes a dark fuscous suffusion towards base of costa; two fuscous dots, somewhat obliquely placed, faintly indicated in disc before middle; a conspicuous round dark fuscous dot in disk beyond middle; sometimes a posterior transverse line indicated with dark fuscous scales, angulated in middle, indented above middle: cilia whitish-ochreous. Hindwings whitish-ochreous, greyish-tinged, more or less suffused with light fuscous-grey, except towards base; cilia pale whitish-ochreous.

Arthur's Pass (4,700 feet), and Mount Arthur (4,000 feet), in January; three specimens. Probably nearer the Tasmanian P. cataxera than any other described species.

Semiocosma, Meyr.

Sem. mystis, n. sp.

Differs from S. peroneanella only as follows: usually larger; thorax with the two dorsal black marks united in front to form an irregular bar; forewings with the black postmedian discal mark connected with the mark beneath middle of disc by a bar, and not touching costal spot above it (in S. peroneanella it is connected with spot above it, and not with mark beneath middle of disc); hindwings more whitish, the grey colour forming a discal spot and subterminal band (in S. peroneanella the grey is generally diffused posteriorly).

In my description of S. peroneanella this is included as a geographical (South Island) form of that species; as I now prefer to separate it as a distinct species, the said description should be corrected accordingly. The synonymy is correct as quoted.

S. peroneanella occurs at Auckland, Hamilton, Napier, and Wellington; S. mystis at Nelson, Christchurch, and Dunedin; both in December and January. I have seen a fair number of specimens, and the two forms appear constant.

Sem. apodoxa, n. sp.

Male, female.—21–26 mm. Head whitish, lower margin of face and maxillary palpi dark fuscous. Palpi white, second joint with lower half and a subapical ring fuscous, terminal joint with a blackish median band. Antennæ dark fuscous. Thorax whitish, with a few fuscous scales. Abdomen grey-whitish. Legs dark fuscous, posterior pair whitish. Forewings elongate, costa slightly arched, apex obtuse, hindmargin nearly straight, rather oblique; white, irregularly irrorated with light greyish-fuscous; a small fuscous spot at base of costa, and a dot near base in middle; a slender dark fuscous streak from ¼ of costa to disc

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before middle, its extremity furcate; a small fuscous spot beneath costa near beyond this; a fuscous-grey suffused patch towards middle third of inner margin, and a similar roundish patch above anal angle; an angulated dark fuscous mark in disc beyond middle; a short oblique irregular cloudy fuscous streak from apex; a hindmarginal row of cloudy fuscous dots: cilia whitish, irrorated with light greyish-fuscous. Hindwings grey-whitish, faintly ochreous-tinged; a faint darker discal dot; a slight greyish suffusion towards apex; cilia grey-whitish.

Wellington; three specimens received from Messrs. A. Purdie and G. V. Hudson.

Sem. platyptera, n. sp.

Male, female.—34 mm. Head and thorax fuscous, sprinkled with ochreous-whitish. Palpi fuscous, second joint mixed with white on terminal half, terminal joint with apex and a median band blackish. Antennæ fuscous. Abdomen pale greyish-ochreous. Legs dark fuscous, apex of joints ochreous-whitish, posterior tibiæ ochreous-whitish. Forewings elongate, costa gently arched, apex obtuse, hindmargin rather obliquely rounded; rather light fuscous, irregularly irrorated with black; a black streak from base to ⅓ of disc, connected with costa by a dark fuscous spot at base; numerous small scattered hardly defined dark fuscous strigulæ, some of which tend to form an irregular transverse line from ¼ of costa to anal angle; a faintly indicated pale curved transverse streak from ⅔ of costa to anal angle, preceded by a slightly darker circular suffusion in disc, and followed by a slightly darker suffusion; a hindmarginal row of cloudy dark fuscous dots: cilia ochreous-whitish, sprinkled with fuscous and dark fuscous on basal half. Hindwings pale fuscous, becoming more whitish towards base; cilia whitish, with a well-marked fuscous subbasal line.

Wellington; several specimens taken by Mr. G. V. Hudson, to whose kindness I am indebted for a type.

Gymnobathra, Meyr.

Gymn. habropis, n. sp.

Male.—19–23 mm. Head, palpi, and thorax light ochreous-yellow; terminal joint of palpi white, anterior edge blackish. Antennæ dark fuscous, annulated with white. Abdomen whitish-ochreous. Legs rather dark fuscous, posterior tibiæ whitish-ochreous. Forewings elongate, posteriorly dilated, costa moderately arched, apex acute, produced, hindmargin concave, very oblique; light ochreous-yellow; a light fuscous dot in disc at ⅓, a second somewhat larger beyond middle, and a third obliquely beyond first on fold; a narrow suffused light fuscous hindmarginal fascia, darkest posteriorly, becoming obsolete towards apex: cilia pale ochreous-yellow, beneath anal angle

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light fuscous. Hindwings ochreous-whitish, towards apex tinged with pale fuscous; cilia ochreous-whitish, round apex fuscous-tinged.

Nelson, in January; three specimens, amongst forest.

Gymn. omphalota, n. sp.

Male, female.—12–14 mm. Head, palpi, and thorax dark fuscous mixed with pale whitish-ochreous, face whitish-ochreous. Antennæ dark fuscous, obscurely spotted with ochreous-whitish. Abdomen dark fuscous, segmental margins sharply whitish. Legs dark fuscous, ringed with whitish. Forewings elongate, costa slightly arched, apex round-pointed, hindmargin sinuate, oblique; rather dark fuscous, with greenish reflections, irregularly irrorated with ochreous-whitish, and with some scattered yellowish scales; a small round dark fuscous spot in disc before middle, and a second on fold obliquely beyond it, sometimes confluent, both sometimes margined posteriorly with whitish; a whitish dot on costa before middle; a subtriangular dark fuscous spot, mixed with yellowish and margined with blackish, in disc beyond middle, connected with costa by a dark fuscous suffusion; an irregular whitish line from ¾ of costa to anal angle, slightly bent above middle, preceded on inner margin by a small blackish spot: cilia grey-whitish, beneath anal angle grey, with a grey post-median line, basal third ochreous-yellowish margined by a black line and tending to be spotted with blackish. Hindwings dark fuscous, lighter on basal half, with an indistinct darker discal spot; cilia fuscous-grey, with a blackish basal line.

Christchurch and Lake Wakatipu, in December; five specimens.

Œcophora, Z.

Œc. politis, n. sp.

Female.—17 mm. Head and thorax whitish-ochreous. Palpi whitish-ochreous, externally with a few dark fuscous scales. Antennæ whitish - ochreous, spotted with fuscous. Abdomen grey-whitish. Legs whitish-ochreous, anterior pair suffused with dark fuscous. Forewings elongate, not dilated, costa gently arched, apex pointed, hindmargin very obliquely rounded; whitish-ochreous; a brownish-ochreous streak, its lower margin irregularly mixed with blackish-fuscous, along fold from a base to anal angle; a dark fuscous dot in disc before middle, a second at ⅔, and a third on submedian streak obliquely before first; an irregular line of dark fuscous scales from ¾ of costa to anal angle, sharply angulated in middle, indented above middle: cilia whitish-ochreous. Hindwings and cilia ochreous-grey-whitish.

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Wellington; a specimen received from Mr. G. V. Hudson, who has taken others. Probably nearest to Œ. griseata.

Cremnogenes, Meyr.

Cremn. siderota, n. sp.

Male, female.—16–18 mm. Head, palpi, antennæ, thorax, abdomen, and legs dark fuscous; collar ferruginous; antennæ in male clothed throughout with scattered cilia (1), with longer fasciculated series (2); patagia with small ochreous-whitish apical spot. Forewings elongate, costa moderately arched, apex obtuse, hindmargin rounded, rather strongly oblique; deep ferruginous, more or less irrorated and suffused with dark grey, especially in male; a small ill-defined yellowish spot on base of inner margin, and another beyond middle, in female much more distinct than in male; two pale leaden-grey-metallic irregular angulated transverse lines, first about ⅕, second about ⅓, second in female forming a whitish-ochreous triangular spot on costa; a pale leaden-grey-metallic ring in disc beyond middle; a pale leaden-grey-metallic line from costa near before apex to anal angle, slightly bent in middle, extremities forming whitish-ochreous spots, more distinct in female: cilia dark grey, basal half light ferruginous, with a pale yellowish spot beneath anal angle. Hindwings dark fuscous-grey; cilia grey, with a darker basal line.

Mount Arthur (4,500 feet), in January; abundant on the flowers of Aciphylla, within a limited locality.

Glyphipterygidæ.
Heliostibes, Z.

Head smooth; ocelli present; tongue well-developed. Antennæ ⅘, in male biciliated with fascicles (2–3), basal joint moderate, without pecten. Labial palpi moderately long, recurved, second joint exceeding base of antennæ, thickened with appressed scales, terminal joint somewhat shorter than second, acute. Maxillary palpi rudimentary. Posterior tibiæ roughly haired above and beneath on basal half. Forewings with vein 1 long-furcate, 2 from about ¾, 3–5 approximated at base, 7 and 8 stalked, 7 to about apex. Hindwings broader than forewings, oblong-ovate, cilia ⅕–½; veins 3 and 4 from a point, 6 and 7 tolerably parallel, 1b pectinated.

The position of this genus (referred here by Zeller) must be regarded at present as doubtful; it appears to be a synthetic or undeveloped type, certainly having affinities with this family, but perhaps rather to be considered as an early unspecialised form of the Gelechiadœ. Besides the two following, there is only one Peruvian species known.

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Hel. illita, Feld.
(Atychia illita, Feld., p1. oxl, 32.)

Male.—21–24 mm. Head, palpi, antennæ, thorax, abdomen, and legs dark fuscous. Forewings elongate, posteriorly somewhat dilated, costa hardly arched, apex rounded-obtuse, hindmargin hardly oblique, rounded beneath; dark fuscous, irregularly mixed with deep reddish, with some scattered whitish-ochreous hair-scales; two very obscurely indicated somewhat darker spots in disc, first oblique-transverse, before middle, second sub-oblong, beyond middle; between these are a few scattered white scales; a white irroration forming an obscure transverse streak from ⅘ of costa to anal angle; four very small blackish-fuscous subquadrate costal spots between middle and apex, separated by ochreous-white spots: cilia fuscous, basal half darker and mixed with deep reddish, tips mixed with ochreous-whitish. Hindwings bright orange; a broad irregular blackish hindmarginal border, dilated at apex, and extended as a narrow attenuated streak along costa to base; inner margin suffused with blackish; a more or less defined irregular black streak from base to hindmarginal band beneath middle, sometimes reduced to a partial irroration: cilia orange, tips paler, base generally blackish on upper half of hindmargin.

Var. a. Thorax and forewings almost wholly suffused with bright ferruginous, all markings absent.

Nelson and Dunedin, in January; flies actively in the sunshine over the tops of high Leptospermum bushes; seems local, but common where it occurs.

Hel. atychioides, Butl.

(Tachyptilia atychioides, Butl., Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1877, 405, pl. xliii., 14.)

Male, female.—13–16 mm. Head, palpi, and thorax dark fuscous, mixed with brownish-ochreous. Antennæ and abdomen dark fuscous. Legs dark fuscous, ringed with whitish. Forewings elongate, posteriorly somewhat dilated, costa hardly arched, apex obtuse, hindmargin nearly straight, somewhat oblique, rounded beneath; dark fuscous, thickly strewn with brownish-ochreous hair-scales; the partial obsolescence of these tends to form a streak along inner margin, an irregular transverse spot in disc before middle, a small round spot beyond middle, and an irregular narrow somewhat angulated fascia from ⅔ of costa to ¾ of inner margin; sometimes the disc is suffused with whitish except on these markings; and the fascia is margined posteriorly by a narrow whitish fascia; all these markings sometimes not traceable: cilia fuscous, base darker, tips whitish on a short space beneath apex. Hindwings dark fuscous, more or less distinctly lighter towards base (less in

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female), rarely with very obscure cloudy fuscous-whitish longitudinal streaks on basal half above and below median vein; cilia light fuscous or whitish, rarely clear white, with dark fuscous basal line.

Whangarei, Hamilton, Wellington, and Christchurch; common in December and January, frequenting. Leptospermum, principally on coast sandhills.

Simæthis, Leach.

The three additional mountain species here given are superficially very similar, but are easily separated by comparison of the markings of hindwings, and the metallic markings of forewings. I have an underscribed Tasmanian species, which also approaches them nearly.

A. Forewings with metallic markings.
1. Hindwings with white discal line reaching anal angle marmarea.
2. Hindwings with white discal line interrupted above anal angle microlitha.
B. Forewings without metallic markings symbolœa.

Sim. microlitha, n. sp.

Male, female.—8–10 mm. Head and thorax dark bronzy-fuscous, more or less densely irrorated with white. Palpi dark fuscous, with about eight fine white transverse bars, towards base suffused with white. Antennæ black, annulated with white. Abdomen black, segmental margins sharply white. Legs black, banded with white. Forewings rather elongate, posteriorly slightly dilated, costa gently arched, apex obtuse, hindmargin slightly rounded, rather oblique; dark bronzy-fuscous; markings formed by a fine close white irroration; a small basal patch, its outer edge angulated; two angulated transverse lines near together about ⅓; a fine irregular transverse line beyond middle, more or less interrupted in disc; a thicker line, sometimes separated into two fine lines, from ⅘ of costa to anal angle; some scattered silvery-metallic scales in posterior half of wing, and a series of silvery-metallic marks from near costa at ⅔ half across wing, thence bent to near middle of hindmargin, and again bent up to apex: cilia whitish with thick blackish-fuscous basal and rather dark fuscous median lines. Hindwings ovate, evenly rounded; dark fuscous, basal half lighter and more or less whitish-tinged; a white submarginal dot at anal angle, and a fine white nearly straight short white line from very near hindmargin below middle, directed towards ¾ of costa but not nearly reaching it; cilia as in forewings.

Mount Arthur (3,900 feet), Arthur's Pass (3,000 feet), and Castle Hill (3,000 feet), in January; common amongst rank herbage.

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Sim. marmarea, n. sp.

Male.—10 mm. Head, thorax, and legs dark fuscous, densely irrorated with white. Palpi dark fuscous, with about eight fine white transverse bars, towards base suffused with white. Antennæ black, annulated with white. Abdomen dark fuscous, segmental margins sharply silvery-white. Forewings rather elongate, posteriorly somewhat dilated, costa gently arched, apex obtuse, hindmargin obliquely rounded; dark bronzy-fuscous; markings formed by a fine close white irroration; a small ill-defined basal patch; two cloudy dentate angulated almost confluent transverse lines about ⅓; an irregularly angulated transverse line beyond middle, its discal portion silvery-metallic and forming a small spot above middle, separated from preceding line by a black fascia; a straight line from ¾ of costa to anal angle; a silvery-metallic submarginal streak along upper half of hindmargin: cilia whitish, with thick black basal and grey median lines. Hindwings ovate, slightly elongate, rounded; rather dark fuscous; a small cloudy white discal spot at ⅓; a strong straight white line from anal angle to disc beyond middle; above and beyond apex of this a few white scales; cilia as in forewings.

Lake Wakatipu (2,200 feet), in December; one specimen.

Sym. symbolœa, n. sp.

Male, female.—10–13 mm. Head, thorax, and legs dark fuscous irrorated with white. Palpi dark fuscous, with about eight fine white transverse bars, towards base suffused with white. Antennæ black, annulated with white. Abdomen dark fuscous, segmental margins sharply silvery-white. Forewings rather elongate, posteriorly moderately dilated, costa gently arched, apex obtuse, hindmargin somewhat oblique, nearly straight, rounded beneath; dark bronzy-fuscous; markings formed by a fine white irroration; a small basal patch, its outer edge angulated; two angulated transverse lines near together about ⅓; a fine irregularly-indented transverse line beyond middle, space between this and preceding line often partially blackish-fuscous; a cloudy line from ¾ of costa to anal angle, sometimes interrupted above middle; a white irroration towards upper half of hindmargin: cilia white, with thick black basal and dark fuscous median lines, at apex and anal angle and on a small median spot more or less wholly suffused with dark fuscous. Hindwings dark fuscous, lighter on basal half; a slightly outwards-curved fine white line from anal angle to disc at ⅔, upper portion sometimes followed by a second less-defined similar line; cilia white, with blackish fuscous basal and fuscous median lines.

Arthur's Pass (3,000 to 3,500 feet), in January; rather common.

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Glyphipteryx, Hb.

Glyph. zelota, n. sp.

Male, female.—12–14 mm. Head and thorax deep bronze. Palpi white, second joint with four black bands, terminal joint black in front. Antennæ and abdomen dark fuscous. Legs dark fuscous, ringed with white. Forewings elongate, posteriorly somewhat dilated, costa slightly arched, apex round-pointed, hindmargin concave, oblique; deep bronze; a straight transverse slightly oblique ochreous-white spot on inner margin at ¼, reaching half across wing; apex rounded; a similar smaller spot on inner margin beyond middle, reaching ⅓, across wing; a straight narrow oblique ochreous-white streak from costa at ⅓, reaching half across wing; two slender violet-golden-metallic fasciæ, extremities whitish, first from middle of costa to second dorsal spot, slightly curved, second from ⅔, of costa to ⅔, of inner margin, nearly straight, sometimes interrupted beneath costa; three cloudy light bronzy-ochreous fasciæ, forming whitish dots on costa, first before first metallic fascia, not passing dorsal spot, second and third beyond first and second metallic fasciæ respectively, third margined posteriorly by a straight slender violet-golden-metallic fascia which does not reach either margin; four small cloudy pale bronzy-ochreous spots beneath costa posteriorly, fourth forming an ochreous-white dot on costa; a violet-golden-metallic apical dot, above which is an ochreous-white dot; a violet-golden-metallic wedge-shaped dot on hind-margin above middle; space between third metallic fascia and hindmargin pale bronzy-ochreous, containing several undefined blackish longitudinal marks; a black suboblong anal patch, extending from third ochreous fascia,. containing six round violet-golden-metallic spots in two longitudinal rows: cilia bronzy-grey, with an ochreous-white triangular indentation above middle. Hindwings dark fuscous; cilia fuscous-grey.

Whangarei, in December; seven specimens, amongst forest; a very handsome species.

Glyph. acronoma, n. sp.

Male, female.—10–11 mm. Head and thorax deep greyish-bronze, thorax with a small posterior white spot. Palpi white, second joint with four black bands, terminal joint black in front. Antennæ and abdomen dark fuscous. Legs dark fuscous, ringed with whitish. Forewings elongate, costa gently arched, apex round-pointed, hindmargin sinuate, oblique; rather deep greyish-bronze, posterior half mixed with light bronzy-ochreous; an ochreous-white oblique streak from costa at ⅓, broadest in middle, apex acute, reaching half across wing; a slender white slightly curved fascia from middle of costa to inner margin beyond middle, sometimes indistinct in disc, forming a small spot on inner margin; a silvery-blue-metallic slightly curved

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slender fascia from ⅔, of costa to ¾, of inner margin, becoming white at extremities; three short silvery-blue-metallic streaks from costa between this and apex, forming white dots on costa, last margining a round black apical spot; a subtriangular black anal patch, containing four round violet-golden-metallic spots: cilia grey, with a blackish line near base, interrupted by a triangular white indentation above middle. Hindwings dark grey; cilia grey.

Mount Arthur (4,000 feet), in January; two specimens.

Glyph, leptosema, n. sp.

Female.—8 mm. Head and thorax dark bronzy-fuscous. Palpi white, with four black bands. Antennæ and abdomen dark fuscous. Legs dark fuscous, ringed with ochreous-whitish. Forewings elongate, posteriorly slightly dilated, costa gently arched, apex round-pointed, hindmargin very obliquely rounded; dark bronzy-fuscous; seven oblique streaks from costa, reaching nearly half across wing, first from ⅓, of costa, most oblique, first four very slender, grey, obscure, forming minute white dots on costa, third terminating in a crescentic violet-silvery-metallic mark in disc, preceded by a violet-metallic dot, last three shorter, wedge-shaped, white, extremities violet-metallic; a slender very oblique straight streak from middle of inner margin, apex acute, not reaching half across wing, upper half ochreous-white, lower half grey; a slender violet-blue-metallic angulated fascia from costa at ⅔, between third and fourth streaks, to inner margin before anal angle, costal extremity white; an irregular violet-metallic streak along hindmargin: cilia grey, with a blackish line, interrupted by a triangular whitish indentation above middle (round apex imperfect). Hindwings narrow, dark fuscous-grey; cilia grey.

Auckland, in January; one specimen.

Glyph. nephoptera, n. sp.

Male, female.—8–11 mm. Head and thorax dark bronzy-grey. Palpi white, with four black bands, apex black in front. Antennæ and abdomen dark fuscous. Legs dark fuscous, ringed with whitish. Forewings elongate, costa gently arched, apex round-pointed, hindmargin sinuate, oblique; rather dark bronzy-fuscous or bronzy-grey, more or less densely irrorated with ochreous-whitish; in pale specimens a small dark spot in disc towards base, and a fine angulated dark transverse line about ⅔, beyond which is a whitish dot on inner margin; about eight short wedge-shaped ochreous-whitish strigulæ from costa between ⅓, and apex, first four often very obscure, fifth giving rise to a slender angulated pale golden-metallic fascia, which forms a very small whitish spot on inner margin, last three more distinct,

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becoming pale golden-metallic at apex; a pale golden-metallic dot on hindmargin above middle; a small round dark fuscous apical spot: cilia with basal half bronzy-grey limited by a strong black line triangularly indented above middle, terminal half white, tips grey, with a black apical hook. Hindwings rather dark fuscous-grey; cilia fuscous-grey.

Christchurch, in February and March; common on grassy volcanic hills. Allied to G. acrothecta, but broader-winged, and differing in numerous details.

Phryganostola, Meyr.

Phryg. ataracta, n. sp.

Male, female.—15–20 mm. Head, palpi, antennæ, thorax, abdomen, and legs whitish-ochreous; second joint of palpi with indications of fuscous bands; anterior legs infuscated. Fore-wings elongate, narrow, costa gently arched, apex in male round-pointed, in female very acute, hindmargin extremely obliquely rounded; whitish-ochreous; a few dark fuscous scales tending to form lines on veins: cilia whitish-ochreous. Hind-wings pale whitish-grey, ochreous-tinged; cilia whitish-ochreous.

Mount Arthur (4,600 feet), in January; six specimens.

Circica, n. g.

Head smooth; ocelli present; tongue short. Antennæ ¾, in male filiform, shortly ciliated (½), basal joint moderate, simple. Labial palpi moderate, curved, porrected or subascending, loosely rough-scaled beneath throughout, terminal joint shorter than second, pointed. Maxillary palpi obsolete. Abdomen elongate. Posterior tibiæ with appressed scales. Forewings with vein 1 furcate, 2 from near angle, 7 and 8 separate, 7 to hindmargin, 11 from before middle, secondary cell well-defined, Hindwings ¾, lanceolate, cilia 1 ½; veins 3 and 4 from a point, 6 and 7 rather approximated towards base.

Circ. cionophora, n. sp.

Male, female.—11–15 mm. Head, thorax, and abdomen pale whitish-ochreous. Palpi whitish. Antennæ grey. Legs fuscous, posterior pair suffused with ochreous-whitish. Forewings elongate-lanceolate, apex in female acuminate; ochreous-whitish; a moderate straight bronzy subcostal stripe from base to apex; a cloudy ochreous streak along submedian fold, more or less obsolete posteriorly: cilia ochreous-whitish. Hindwings in male grey, in female grey-whitish; cilia ochreous-whitish.

Christchurch, in February and March; common on the open volcanic hills.

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Circ. xestobela, n. sp.

Male, female.—10–12 mm. Head and thorax dark bronzy-fuscous. Palpi dark fuscous, towards base whitish. Antennæ and abdomen dark fuscous. Legs dark grey, apex of joints obscurely whitish. Forewings lanceolate; rather dark greyish-bronze: cilia light grey, costal cilia white. Hindwings grey; cilia light grey, on costa grey-whitish.

Arthur's Pass (3,000 to 4,000 feet), in January; five specimens.

Pantosperma, n. g.

Head smooth; ocelli present; tongue short. Antennæ almost 1, in male serrulate, shortly ciliated (⅔), basal joint moderate, simple. Labial palpi moderate, filiform, curved, rather drooping, terminal joint as long as second, acute. Maxillary palpi absolete. Abdomen elongate. Posterior tibiæ with appressed scales. Forewings with vein 1 furcate, 2 almost from angle, 7 and 8 stalked, 7 to hindmargin, 11 from before middle. Hindwings ⅔, lanceolate, cilia 1 ½,; veins 3 and 4 in male separate at origin, in female from a point, 6 and 7 tolerably parallel.

In one specimen examined vein 5 of the hindwings was absent, but this would appear to be an accidental deformity.

Pant. holochalca, n. sp.

Male, female.—11–14 mm. Head and thorax dark bronzy-fuscous, collar paler. Palpi bronzy-fuscous, lighter towards base. Antennæ, abdomen, and legs dark fuscous. Forewings elongate-lanceolate; deep bronze, more or less irrorated with light bronzy-ochreous: cilia bronzy. Hindwings and cilia dark fuscous.

Makatoku (Hawke's Bay), in March; common, frequenting rushes (Juncus) on the skirts of the forest.

Plutellidæ
Compsistis, n. g.

Head smooth; ocelli present; tongue well-developed. Antennæ 1, in male pubescent-ciliated (½), joints closely set, basal joint elongate, without pecten. Labial palpi very long, smooth, recurved, second joint somewhat thickened, terminal joint longer than second, slender, acute. Maxillary palpi very short, appressed to tongue. Posterior tibiæ somewhat rough-haired above on basal half. Forewings with vein 1 furcate, 2 from near angle, 7 and 8 stalked, 7 to costa, 11 from middle. Hindwings 1, elongate-oblong, apex and hindmargin rounded, cilia almost 1; veins 3 and 4 from a point, 6 and 7 parallel.

– 90 –

Comps. bifaciella, Walk.
(Gelechia bifaciella, Walk., 657.)

Male, female.—10–12 mm. Head and thorax shining bronze. Palpi white, terminal joint dark fuscous. Antennæ black, with a white subapical band. Abdomen dark fuscous, beneath white. Legs blackish, banded with white. Forewings elongate, narrow, posteriorly slightly dilated, costa almost straight, apex obtuse, hindmargin obliquely rounded; basal third dark fuscous, with brassy reflections, towards costa purplish, posterior two-thirds ferruginous-orange, with a few dark fuscous scales; a shining violet-white black-margined oblique transverse spot from costa at ⅖, reaching nearly half across wing; a strongly inwards-curved pale violet-golden-metallic fascia from ⅔, of costa to anal angle, sometimes obsolete on costa; an outwards-curved pale violet-golden-metallic fascia from a small snow-white spot on costa at ¾, to anal angle, where it meets first fascia; both these fasciæ are broadest in disc, narrowed towards extremities: cilia white, with a fine black median line, above apex black, towards anal angle grey. Hindwings and cilia dark fuscous-grey.

Whangarei, Auckland, and Wellington, in December and January; common amongst forest.

Micropterygidæ

The four additional species here recorded are exceedingly interesting, and the two species of Palæomicra extremely handsome. All are most difficult to see on the wing, in fact almost invisible; much more difficult than the European species of Micropteryx.

Mnesarchæa, Meyr.

In the two following species the tongue is well-developed, and vein 6 of the forewings is separate; in all other respects the structure is identical with that of M. paracosma. The antennæ in all the species are clothed with loose hair-scales, arranged in whorls at the joints; the spurs of the middle tibæ are well-developed.

Mnes. loxoscia, n. sp.

Male, female.—11–12 mm. Head white. Palpi dark fuscous, apex broadly white. Antennæ whitish-ochreous, annulated with fuscous. Thorax white. patagia dark fuscous. Abdomen dark fuscous. Legs dark fuscous, apex of joints ochreous-whitish. Forewings lanceolate; white, more or less partially suffused with pale whitish-yellowish; a dark fuscous blotch occupying costal half of wing from base to ¾, its posterior edge inwardly oblique; a dark fuscous streak along inner margin from base, gradually narrowed, terminating in an outwardly oblique triangular dark fuscous spot, the apex of which touches lower posterior angle of

– 91 –

costal blotch; apical third of wing pale brownish-ochreous, mixed with dark fuscous and a few white scales: cilia brownish-ochreous, with small white apical and median spots, above apex and towards anal angle dark fuscous. Hindwings dark purple-fuscous; cilia rather dark fuscous.

Auckland (Waitakere Ranges), in December; common.

Mnes. hamadelpha, n. sp.

Male.—10–11 mm. Head, antennæ, and thorax whitish-ochreous. Palpi white. Abdomen dark fuscous. Legs dark fuscous, ringed with yellow-whitish. Forewings lanceolate; whitish-ochreous; a thick blackish-fuscous streak along basal half of costa, narrowed towards base, posterior extremity dilated into a vertical triangular spot reaching more than half across wing; beyond a line from ⅓, of inner margin to ⅔, of costa the ground-colour is shining golden-brownish-ochreous; a small ill-defined dark fuscous spot towards inner margin before middle; a small white spot on costa near apex, and some scattered white scales in disc below it; a black apical spot, preceded by some white scales; three ill-defined blackish spots on hindmargin, alternating with white scales: cilia golden-ochreous, with a white spot above costal spot, a small white apical spot surrounded by some black scales, a white basal dot above middle, and a white spot towards tips below middle. Hindwings rather dark purple-fuscous; cilia purplish-fuscous, with a whitish apical dot and small white median spot.

Nelson (1,500 to 3,500 feet), in January, amongst forest; four specimens.

Palæomicra, Meyr.

In P. doroxena veins 7 and 8 of both wings are separate; the point is probably not of much importance in this group, as it only implies a small shifting of one of the variable transverse bars, and the generic definition should be widened to include this case. The genus remains distinct from Micropteryxa by the presence of the additional branch of vein 11 of forewings.

Pal. zonodoxa, n. sp.

Male, female.-7–8 mm. Head ferruginous or pale ochreous. Palpi whitish-ochreous. Antennæ pale ochreous, with three more or less perceptible blackish bands. Thorax whitish-yellowish. Abdomen dark grey. Anterior and middle legs whitish-ochreous, apex of joints black; posterior legs dark grey, apex of joints whitish-ochreous. Forewings oblong, costa abruptly bent near base, thence gently arched, apex acute, hind-margin straight, very oblique; neuration quite as in P. chalco-phanes; dark fuscous-purple, with bronzy reflections; extreme base whitish-yellowish; a moderately broad straight whitish-yellowish fascia before middle, generally narrowest above; a

– 92 –

whitish-yellowish dot or small spot on costa about ¾, variable in size, sometimes absent: cilia dark grey, with a rather large pale whitish-yellowish apical spot. Hindwings dark purple-grey; cilia dark grey.

Auckland (Waitakere Ranges), in December; common in a very restricted locality amongst sedge in the kauri forest.

Pal. doroxena, n. sp.

Female.—11 mm. Head and palpi light ochreous, sides of crown brown. Antennæ dark fuscous, annulated with whitish-ochreous. Thorax ochreous-brown. Abdomen dark grey. Legs dark grey, ringed with pale ochreous. Forewings oblong, costa abruptly bent near base, thence gently arched, apex round-pointed, hindmargin straight, very oblique; neuration quite as in P. chalcophanes, but 7 and 8 separate; pale shining golden; two rather narrow oblique coppery-bronze fasciæ from costa near base and at ⅓, confluent on inner margin before middle; a straight rather narrow whitish-purplish fascia, margined with coppery-bronze, from middle of costa to inner margin beyond middle; a whitish-purplish black-margined transverse spot from costa at ⅔, reaching half across wing; a black semi-annular mark, its extremities touching costa at ⅘ and apex, marked with three shining whitish-purplish spots, and including a spot of ground-colour which contains a black costal dot; a semi-oval black anal blotch, not marginal except at extremities, containing three shining whitish-purplish spots near lower edge, and one in a small projection on upper edge: cilia pale golden, with blackish apical, median, and anal spots. Hindwings dark purple-grey; cilia grey.

Auckland (Waitakere Ranges), in December; one specimen amongst the kauri forest. This species is very interesting from the strong tendency of the markings to approach those of Glyphipteryx.

Erechthiadæ.
Ereunetis, Meyr.

This genus differs from the others of the family by the stalking of veins 6 and 7 of the forewings; it is hitherto recorded only from Australia, where there are several species.

Ereun. technica, n. sp.

Female.—12 mm. Head white, crown ochreous-tinged. Palpi white, beneath with some black scales. Antennæ white, with a black scale-streak at base. Thorax ochreous-white, with a lateral brownish-ochreous stripe. Abdomen grey. Anterior legs blackish; middle and posterior legs ochreous-white. Forewings elongate - lanceolate; greyish - ochreous, suffused with

– 93 –

rather dark fuscous towards inner margin; markings white, faintly ochreous-tinged; a very fine longitudinal median line from base to ⅔, seven wedge-shaped strigulæ from costa, first two very oblique, reaching half across wing, first connected with base by a slender costal streak, five latter shorter and less oblique; a subtriangular spot on inner margin at ⅓, and a sub-oval one at ⅔, a small black apical spot: cilia light greyish-ochreous, with a blackish-grey median line on upper half, some white scales at base towards middle of hindmargin, and two diverging blackish hooks at apex. Hindwings and cilia light grey; costal cilia whitish.

Whangarei, in December; one specimen. Superficially this species has considerable resemblance with the Australian Como-dica tetracercella, especially in the possession of the double apical hook in the cilia.

Erechthias, Meyr.

Erech. melanotricha, n. sp.

Male, female.–Only differs from E. charadroa in having the face and forehead wholly blackish.

Whangarei and Auckland, in December; two specimens. I think this is truly distinct from E. charadrota; I have taken a considerable number of the latter species at Auckland, Tara-naki, Wellington, and Christchurch, from December to February, without finding any which vary in the direction of E. melanotricha.

Tinedæ.

Head densely rough-haired (rarely face smooth). Antennæ with joints closely set, transverse. Maxillary palpi generally well-developed. Forewings with vein 11 from or before middle of cell. Hindwings with veins 3 and 4 separate.

Represented in New Zealand by a few casual species, several of which are introduced.

Endophthora, n. g.

Head densely rough-haired; ocelli present; tongue obsolete. Antennæ ⅚, in male simple, joints closely set, basal joint moderate, with pecten. Labial palpi moderate, slender, some what arched, porrected, second joint with appressed scales, slightly rough beneath, with a few long bristles, terminal joint rather shorter than second, tolerably pointed. Maxillary palpi long, curved, drooping, filiform. Posterior tibæ clothed with long fine hairs. Forewings with vein 1 simple, 2 from angle, 4 absent, 7 to costa, 11 from ⅓. Hindwings ⅔–¾, narrow-lanceolate, cilia 2–3; veins 5 and 6 sometimes stalked, 7 more or less approximated to 6 at base.

Besides the following, I have an undescribed Australian species.

– 94 –

End. omogramma, n. sp.

Female.—13–14 mm. Head and antennæ whitish-ochreous. Palpi blackish. Thorax whitish-ochreous, anterior margin narrowly black. Abdomen light grey. Legs black, ringed with whitish-ochreous, posterior pair whitish-ochreous. Forewings elongate-lanceolate; whitish-ochreous; a small elongate black spot on costa towards base, continued as a costal line to base; a smaller narrow black spot on costa before middle, beneath which are some irregular fuscous-reddish scales; a black dot on costa at ⅔, beneath which is a small fuscous-reddish spot; apical fourth of wing suffused with reddish-fuscous; some black scales at apex: cilia ochreous-grey-whitish, with a cloudy blackish median line, becoming obsolete on lower half of hindmargin. Hindwings with veins 5 and 6 stalked; light grey; cilia ochreous-grey-whitish.

Auckland and Nelson, in December and January; two specimens.

End. pharotoma, n. sp.

Male, female.—8–10 mm. Head ochreous-whitish, sides fuscous. Palpi blackish, apex white. Antennæ whitish-fuscous. Thorax whitish-ochreous, with a black posterior dot, sides dark fuscous. Abdomen pale whitish-ochreous. Legs blackish, ringed with ochreous-whitish, posterior pair pale whitish-ochreous. Forewings elongate-lanceolate, narrow; light brownish-ochreous, more or less suffused with whitish-ochreous, and with a few dark fuscous scales; a rather dark fuscous elongate-triangular blotch extending along costa from base to before middle, reaching about half across wing, marked with a black spot at apex and three black spots on costa; a blackish mark in disc before middle, connected with this beneath costa, followed by an obscure ochreous-whitish bar; sometimes a blackish mark in disc beyond middle; posterior half of costa obscurely dotted with whitish and dark fuscous; some dark fuscous and black scales forming obscure spots on hindmargin: cilia whitish-ochreous, with two cloudy blackish-fuscous lines becoming obsolete towards anal angle, tending to be confluent and form a spot in middle. Hindwings with veins 5 and 6 separate; whitish-grey; cilia ochreous-whitish.

Whangarei, Palmerston, and Christchurch, from December to March; eight specimens.

End. mesotypa, n. sp.

Male, female.-10–14 mm. Head ochreous-whitish. Palpi blackish, apex white. Antennæ fuscous. Thorax whitish-ochreous, anterior margin blackish. Abdomen whitish-ochreous. Legs dark fuscous ringed with ochreous-whitish, posterior tibæ whitish-ochreous. Forewings elongate-lanceolete; light brownish-

– 95 –

ochreous, irregularly suffused with ochreous-whitish; two small black spots on costa towards base; a blackish longitudinal mark in disc near base; a straight rather oblique thick blackish bar from costa at ⅖, reaching more than half across wing, followed by an ochreous-whitish bar; space between these blackish markings suffused with fuscous; posterior half of costa blackish-fuscous spotted with ochreous-whitish; a small black spot in disc at ⅔, more or less distinctly bisected by a projection from an ochreous-whitish. spot beneath it: cilia pale whitish-ochreons with a median row of blackish points. Hindwings with veins 5 and 6 separate; whitish-grey; cilia pale whitish-ochreons.

Auckland and Christchurch, in December; two specimens. Nearly allied to E. pharotoma, but distinctly less narrow-winged; the best distinctive markings appear to be the well-defined thick black bar from costa, and the obsolescence of marking in the cilia.

End. agriopa, n. sp.

Male.—9 mm. Head ochreous-whitish. Palpi blackish, apex white. Antennæ grey. Thorax greyish-ochreous, anterior margin dark fuscous. Abdomen grey. Legs blackish, ringed with white, posterior pair grey. Forewings elongate-lanceolate, narrow; fuscous; a slender ferruginous streak along submedian fold, suffusedly margined beneath with whitish-ochreous, and above by three cloudy blackish dots; two small black spots on costa towards base; a black wedge-shaped spot from costa before middle, reaching half across wing, followed by an ochreous-white similar spot; posterior half of costa narrowly black, with five small clear ochreous-white spots a short longitudinal ferruginous streak in disc beyond middle; an irregular, small, white spot in disc at ¾, partially margined above with black; apex and hindmargin suffusedly irrorated with blackish: cilia ochreous-greyish, somewhat mixed with blackish, with a whitish basal dot above middle. Hindwings with veins 5 and 6 separate; dark grey; cilia grey.

Wellington, in January; one specimen. Closely allied to the two preceding, but immediately separable by the dark-grey hindwings.

Sagephora, n. g.

Head shortly rough-haired; ocelli present; tongue short. Antennæ ¾, in male rather thick, filiform, simple, joints closely set, basal joint moderate, without pecten. Labial palpi moderate, rather ascending, second joint with rather rough projecting scales, beneath with a few long bristles, terminal joint somewhat shorter than second, tolerably pointed. Maxillary palpi moderate, tolerably filiform, drooping. Posterior tibiæ clothed with long dense hairs, Forewings with vein 1

– 96 –

simple, 2 from near angle, 7 to costa, 11 from ⅓, Hindwings 1, oblong-ovate, cilia 1; vein 4 absent, 6 and 7 tolerably parallel.

Sag. phortegella, n. sp.

Male, female.—8–13 mm. Head white. Palpi blackish, terminal joint and apex of second white. Antennæ white, terminal third black except two subapical rings. Thorax white, anterior margin blackish. Abdomen grey-whitish. Legs blackish, ringed with whitish, posterior tibiæ whitish. Fore-wings elongate, costa gently arched, apex round pointed, hind-margin extremely obliquely rounded; ochreous-white; dorsal half suffusedly streaked with whitish - ochreous; a thick, gradually-dilated, blackish streak along costa from base to ¾, apex pointed, lower margin with a slight projection before middle; sometimes an irregular blackish line below middle from near base parallel to inner and hind-margins to apex, and a similar almost marginal line along inner margin to anal angle, thence as a hindmarginal streak to apex, where it is confluent with the first; sometimes a defined narrow blackish streak along inner margin, and a moderate blackish hindmarginal fascia attenuated at extremities: cilia whitish-ochreous, base within a black line ochreous-white, sometimes wholly suffused with grey. Hindwings grey or whitish-grey, rarely rather dark grey; cilia whitish-grey.

Taranaki, Makatoku, Wellington, Nelson, Otira Gorge, Christchurch, Dunedin, and Lake Wakatipu; in August, September, December, January, and March; common, frequenting forest. The species varies considerably in the presence or absence of black dorsal and hindmarginal streaks, but the varieties run into one another.

Blabophanes, Z.

Head densely rough-haired; ocelli absent; tongue short. Antennæ ⅚, in male pubescent-ciliated, with joints closely set, basal joint moderate, with small pecten. Labial palpi moderate, porrected, with tolerably appressed scales, second joint with several long bristles above and beneath at apex, terminal joint shorter than second, tolerably pointed. Maxillary palpi long, tolerably filiform, folded. Posterior tibiæ clothed with hairs. Forewings with vein 1 furcate, 2 from about angle, 3 and 4 stalked, sometimes 6 and 7 or 7 and 8 stalked, 7 to costa, 11 from near middle; a naked (usually transparent) depression in disc beneath. Hindwings 1, elongate-ovate, cilia ¾; sometimes 5 and 6 stalked (not in New Zealand species).

A small cosmopolitan genus, of which some species are domestic and widely introduced.

– 97 –

Blab. ethelella, Newm.

(Tinea ethelella, Newm., Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond., iii. (N.S.), 288; T. rectella, Walk., 482; Blabophanes namuella, Feld., pl. oxl., 44.)

Male, female.—16–20 mm. Head pale whitish-ochreous. Palpi dark fuscous, apex ochreous-whitish. Antennæ fuscous. Thorax dark fuscous, with a broad pale whitish-ochreous dorsal stripe. Abdomen whitish-grey. Legs dark fuscous, apex of joints whitish-yellowish, posterior pair pale ochreous-yellowish. Fore-wings elongate, costa moderately arched, apex obtuse, hindmargin very obliquely rounded; veins 6 and 7 stalked; dark fuscous; some obscure whitish-ochreous dots towards costa; a moderate clear whitish-ochreous streak along inner margin from base to anal angle, upper edge rather irregular; a well-defined transparent ochreous-whitish discal spot: cilia pale whitish-ochreous, obscurely spotted with dark fuscous, on costa more ochreous-yellowish. Hindwings rather light grey; cilia whitish-grey, becoming pale whitish-ochreous towards anal angle.

Auckland, Palmerston, Nelson (to 4,000 feet), Christchurch, and Dunedin; from October to May, generally common, often at light. Occurs also commonly in South-East Australia and Tasmania.

Blab. ferruginella, Hb.

Male.—11 mm. Much smaller than B. ethelella; head ferruginous-tinged; forewings with veins 6 and 7 separate, towards costa obscurely strigulated with whitish-ochreous, discal spot larger relatively, cilia pale whitish-ochreous, on costa barred with dark grey: hindwings whitish-grey, more whitish towards anal angle, cilia whitish: otherwise similar.

Taranaki, Napier, Wellington, Nelson (to 4,000 feet), and Christchurch; rather common, more or less all the year round. Introduced from Europe by civilization; now occurring also in North America and Australia.

Blab, ornithias, n. sp.

Male.—10–11 mm. Head light fuscous. Palpi dark fuscous, internally whitish. Antennæ, thorax, abdomen, and legs dark fuscous. Forewings elongate, costa gently arched, apex round-pointed, hindmargin extremely obliquely rounded; veins 6 and 7 stalked; rather dark fuscous, somewhat irrorated with paler; an obscure, cloudy, very irregular-edged whitish - ochreous streak near inner margin from base nearly to anal angle; discal spot only indicated on lower surface, not transparent: cilia rather dark fuscous. Hindwings rather dark fuscous; cilia fuscous.

Christchurch; bred from bird-nests by Mr. R. W. Fereday, to whom I am indebted for types.

– 98 –

Tinea, Z.

Head densely rough-haired; ocelli absent; tongue short. Antennæ ⅚, in male with joints closely set, pubescent-ciliated or simple, basal joint moderate, with or without small pecten. Labial palpi moderate, porrected, second joint shortly rough-scaled, with a few long bristles above and beneath, terminal joint shorter than second, tolerably pointed. Maxillary palpi moderate or long, tolerably filiform, more or less folded. Posterior tibiæ clothed with loose hairs. Forewings with vein 1 furcate, 2 from near angle, 7 to costa, 11 from before middle. Hindwings 1, elongate-ovate, cilia ⅔–1; sometimes 5 and 6 stalked.

Also a cosmopolitan genus, of which several species are domestic, and now widely distributed.

1. Veins 5 and 6 of hindwings stalked terranea.
” “““ separate 2.
2. Forewings white posteriorly tapetiella.
" not white 3.
3. Head whitish-ochreous grammocosma.
" more or less fuscous 4.
4. Forewings pale greyish-ochreous, spotted with fuscous fuscipunctella.
Forewings fuscous 5.
5. Forewings with a blackish dot in disc beyond middle 6.
Forewings without a blackish dot in disc beyond middle belonta.
6. Cilia of forewings with terminal half whitish on hindmargin mochlota.
Cilia of forewings with terminal half fuscous certella.

Tin. tapetiella, L.

(Tinea tapetiella (tapetzella), L.; T. palcestrica, Butl., Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1887, 404.)

Male, female.—13–21 mm. Head white. Thorax dark fuscous. Forewings elongate, round-pointed; ochreous-white; basal ⅖ blackish-fuscous; a grey spot in disc at ⅔, and some irregularly scattered small grey spots posteriorly, especially towards anal angle; a black dot on inner margin at ⅔, and two before apex: cilia ochreous-white, round apex dark grey. Hind-wings with veins 5 and 6 separate; grey; cilia ochreous-grey-whitish.

Wellington and Nelson, in January; several specimens; the larva feeds principally in furs and skins. Introduced from Europe; occurs also in Australia and North America.

Tin. grammocosma, n. sp.

Male.—16–17 mm. Head whitish - ochreous, brownish-tinged. Palpi rather long, whitish-ochreous, with a fine blackish lateral line. Antennæ whitish-ochreous, with a black scale-streak at base, ciliations ¾, Thorax ochreous-brown mixed with

– 99 –

whitish-ochreous. Abdomen grey. Legs fuscous, anterior tarsi dark fuscous with a longitudinal whitish-ochreous line, posterior pair whitish-ochreous. Forewings elongate-lanceolate; fuscous sprinkled with whitish-ochreous, and obscurely streaked with ferruginous; a darker longitudinal streak, partially suffused with ferruginous, below middle from base to apex, becoming dark fuscous at ⅔, and apex, margined above by a suffused whitish-ochreous streak, and beneath by a whitish-ochreous dorsal space streaked with ferruginous; a dark fuscous dot above the whitish-ochreous streak at ⅔; a fine dark fuscous hindmarginal line: cilia ochreous-whitish, mixed with light ochreous, towards anal angle suffused with ochreous. Hindwings with veins 5 and 6 separate; dark grey, purple-shining, towards base lighter and thinly scaled; cilia grey, towards anal angle grey-whitish.

Nelson, in January; two specimens in a forest ravine. The appearance of this species is quite unlike any other of the genus, and recalls some of the New Zealand species of Gelechia.

Tin. belonota, n. sp.

Male.—13 mm. Head whitish-fuscous. Palpi fuscous, base and apex ochreous-whitish. Antennæ, thorax, and abdomen fuscous; antennal ciliations 3. Legs dark fuscous, apex of joints ochreous-whitish. Forewings elongate, moderate, costa gently arched, apex round-pointed, hindmargin straight, very oblique; rather dark fuscous; a tolerably well-defined ochreous-whitish streak along fold from base to anal angle, upper margin with a slight projection before and a stronger one beyond middle, between which is a small dark fuscous spot: cilia rather dark fuscous, purple-shining, tips beneath apex and a small spot beneath anal angle ochreous-whitish. Hindwings with veins 5 and 6 separate; rather dark fuscous, purple-shining, lighter and thinly scaled towards base; cilia fuscous.

Palmerston (North Island), in March; one specimen amongst forest. Nearly allied to the two following, but distinctly broader-winged than either, and distinguished by the absence of discal spots, clearer pale streak, and different cilia.

Tin. certella, Walk.

(Tinea certella, Walk., 484.)

Male, female.—12–16 mm. Head, palpi, antennæ, thorax, and abdomen dark fuscous mixed with ochreous-whitish; antennal ciliations 2; thorax sometimes suffused with whitish. Legs dark fuscous, apex of joints ochreous-whitish. Forewings elongate, costa gently arched, apex round-pointed, hindmargin straight, very oblique; rather dark fuscous, more or less irrorated with whitish-ochreous and black; sometimes a cloudy blackish dot on fold at ¼; a cloudy blackish dot in middle of disc, a second obliquely before it on fold, and a third in disc at

– 100 –

¾, all variable in size and ill-defined; a very indistinct suffused short whitish-ochreous streak along fold, not reaching base; sometimes in female dorsal and hindmarginal areas broadly suffused with whitish: cilia fuscous, mixed with whitish-ochreous and dark fuscous. Hindwings with veins 5 and 6 separate; dark fuscous, purple-shining, lighter towards base, in female lighter; cilia fuscous.

Wellington and Invercargill, in January and February; not uncommon amongst forest. I should expect the larva to feed in rotten wood.

Tin. mochlota, n. sp.

Male.—10–13 mm. Head, palpi, antennæ, thorax, and abdomen fuscous; antennal ciliations 1 ½. Legs dark fuscous, apex of joints ochreous-whitish. Forewings elongate, costa gently arched, apex round-pointed, hindmargin straight, very oblique; fuscous, with a few scattered grey-whitish and black scales; a cloudy black streak from submedian fold before middle to beneath middle of costa; a cloudy black dot in disc at ¾, connected with costa at ¾ by a cloudy whitish streak: cilia fuscous, terminal half ochreous-whitish except at apex and anal angle. Hindwings with veins 5 and 6 separate; rather dark fuscous, purple-shining, lighter towards base; cilia whitish-fuscous.

Christchurch and Lake Wakatipu, in December and January; five specimens. Narrower-winged than either of the two preceding, and recognisable by the oblique antemedian bar in disc, and whitish terminal half of cilia.

Tin. fuscipunctella, Hw.

Male, female.—11–16 mm. Head light fuscous. Forewings elongate, round-pointed; pale greyish-ochreous, irregularly suffusedly spotted with fuscous; a dark fuscous dot in disc at ⅓, a second obliquely beyond it on fold, and a third, larger and more conspicuous, in disc at ⅔: cilia whitish-ochreous, basal half obscurely barred with fuscous. Hindwings with veins 5 and 6 separate; pale grey, yellowish-shining; cilia whitish-grey.

Whangarei, Palmerston, Wellington, Nelson, and Dunedin, from October to March; common, probably everywhere. Introduced from Europe; common in Australia and North America. The larva feeds on dry refuse.

Tin. terranea, Butl.

(Scardia terranea, Butl., Cist. Ent. ii., 510.)

Male, female.—17–27 mm. Head brownish - ochreous. Palpi ochreous, irrorated with dark fuscous, second joint with numerous bristles beneath throughout. Antennæ fuscous, in male quite simple. Thorax and abdomen greyish-ochreous, more or less suffused with fuscous. Legs dark fuscous, apex

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of joints pale greyish-ochreous. Forewings elongate, costa moderately arched, apex round-pointed, hindmargin extremely obliquely rounded; light greyish-ochreous, irregularly reticulated with fuscous; markings rather dark fuscous; an irregular narrow fascia from ⅕ of costa to ⅖ of inner margin; a similar somewhat broader fascia from ⅖ of costa to ⅗ of inner margin; an irregular oblique streak from costa beyond middle, not reaching anal angle; a short irregular streak from costa at ⅚, sometimes connected beneath with previous streak; two small spots on costa before this, and one before apex; a hindmarginal row of cloudy fuscous spots: cilia whitish-ochreous, barred with fuscous. Hindwings with veins 5 and 6 stalked; grey, yellowish-shining; cilia light grey, tips grey-whitish.

Wellington, Christchurch, Castle Hill (2,500 feet), Dunedin, and Lake Wakatipu, from December to February; common. The larva feeds in moss on rocks; pupa in a very dense rough cocoon amongst the moss. This species is in some respects an extreme form of the genus, but it does not seem necessary to separate it.

Tineola, H.-S.

Only differs from Tinea by the maxillary palpi, which are very short, simple; these are stated by Heinemann and others to be absent, but I find them quite distinct. The tongue appears to be absent.

Tin. biselliella, Hum.

Male, female.—11–13 mm. Head light yellow-ochreous. Forewings elongate, round-pointed; whitish-ochreous, uni-colorous. Hindwings whitish.

Christchurch and Lake Wakatipu, from December to February; probably common in houses. The larva feeds especially in the lining of chairs and sofas.

Lypusiæ.

Head with loosely-appressed hairs; no tongue. Maxillary palpi absent. Forewings with vein 11 from before middle of cell. Hindwings with veins 3 and 4 separate.

Founded by Heinemann on the single European genus Lypusa, which differs from the two following by the absence of labial palpi, but is otherwise nearly related. I conjecture that in both the following genera the female is probably apterous.

Scoriodyta, n. g.

Head with loosely-appressed hairs, side-tufts rather rough; ocelli present; no tongue. Antennæ ¾, in male with joints rather closely set, whorled with scales, simple, basal joint stout, simple. Labial palpi moderate, porrected, loosely-scaled, second joint somewhat rough, with long bristles at apex above and

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beneath, terminal joint shorter than second, tolerably pointed. Maxillary palpi obsolete. Posterior tibiæ with tolerably-appressed scales. Forewings with vein 1 furcate, 2 from before angle, 7 to costa, 11 from before middle, secondary cell defined. Hindwings rather narrower than forewings, elongate-ovate, cilia 1; veins 6 and 7 parallel.

Scor. conisalia, n. sp.

Male.—10 mm. Head, palpi, antennæ, thorax, and abdomen fuscous. Legs dark fuscous, apex of joints ochreous-whitish, posterior tibiæ ochreous-whitish. Forewings elongate, costa gently arched, apex rounded, hindmargin very obliquely rounded; fuscous, irrorated with blackish; some scattered white scales, tending to form irregular transverse striguæ; the absence of these appears to form darker median and subterminal fasiæ; a distinct white double spot on inner margin before middle, and a very small one before anal angle; a hindmarginal row of cloudy white dots: cilia fuscous, mixed with grey-whitish, with a cloudy dark fuscous line near base. Hindwings fuscous-grey; cilia whitish-grey, with a fuscous basal line.

Wellington, in January; seven specimens on fences. The larva doubtless feeds on lichens, and is probably a case-bearer; I saw some small empty subcylindric cases, which I conjectured to belong to this species.

Mallobathra, n. g.

Head with loosely-appressed hairs; no ocelli; no tongue. Antennæ ¾, in male with joints elongate, strongly biciliated with fascicles (2 ½ - 4), basal joint stout, loosely scaled, with small pecten. Labial palpi moderate or short, drooping, second joint loosely rough-scaled, with two or three apical bristles, terminal joint tolerably pointed. Maxillary palpi obsolete. Posterior tibiæ with tolerably-appressed scales. Forewings with vein 1 furcate, 2 from near angle, 6 sometimes absent (microphanes), 7 and 8 stalked, 7 to hindmargin, 11 from before middle, secondary cell tolerably defined. Hindwings somewhat narrower than forewings, elongate-ovate: cilia ⅔ - 1 ½; veins 6 and 7 parallel, 6 sometimes absent (microphanes).

It is not impossible that the absence of vein 6 in both wings of the single specimen of M. microphanes may prove to be an individual abnormality; but even if constant, it certainly does not call here for generic separation. The species frequent shady forest.

Mall. crataa, n. sp.

Male.—13–14 mm. Head, palpi, antennæ, thorax, and abdomen dark fuscous; palpi short; antennal ciliations 3. Legs dark fuscous, ringed with whitish-ochreous. Forewings elongate, moderate, costa gently arched, apex rounded, hindmargin

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rounded, rather strongly oblique; dark fuscous, obscurely irrorated with small greyish-ochreous spots; several on posterior half of costa more distinct; a small whitish-ochreous subquad-rate spot on inner margin at ⅔, and another at ⅔: cilia dark fuscous. Hindwings and cilia dark fuscous; cilia ⅔.

Mount Arthur (4,000 feet), in January; locally common.

Mall. metrosema, n. sp.

Male.—12–13 mm. Head, palpi, antennæ, and thorax pale greyish-ochreous; palpi short; antennal ciliations 4. Abdomen grey. Legs dark fuscous, ringed with whitish-ochreous, posterior tibiæ suffused with whitish-ochreous. Forewings elongate, slightly dilated posteriorly, costa gently arched, apex round-pointed, hindmargin very oblique, slightly rounded; pale greyish-ochreous, sometimes brownish-tinged; numerous small scattered irregular dark fuscous strigulæ; a very obscure ochreous-whitish streak along inner margin from ⅓ to near anal angle, interrupted by a small dark fuscous spot in middle; a straight narrow dark fuscous fascia from middle of costa to inner margin before anal angle, more or less distinctly interrupted in disc; three very small dark fuscous spots on posterior half of costa: cilia pale greyish - ochreous, fuscous - tinged. Hindwings fuscous - grey; cilia ⅘, light fuscous-grey.

Christchurch, in September; locally common.

Mall. microphanes, n. sp.

Male.—9 mm. Head, palpi, and antennæ light fuscous; palpi moderate; antennal ciliations 2 ½, Thorax fuscous. Abdomen grey. Legs grey-whitish. Forewings elongate, costa slightly arched, apex rounded, hindmargin extremely obliquely rounded; rather dark fuscous, irrorated with very obscure grey-whitish spots; costa with four more distinct small white spots on posterior, half: cilia whitish-fuscous, basal half except towards anal angle fuscous obscurely spotted with whitish. Hindwings light grey; cilia 1 ½, grey-whitish.

Christchurch, in August; one specimen.

Anaphoridæ.

This family, closely allied to the Tineiæ, appears to be usually recognisable by the peculiar palpi of the male, of which the terminal joint is very long, stout, recurved, and appressed to the crown and thorax. I will not attempt to give complete family characters, since Lord Walsingham, who has recently published a paper on the group from considerable material, has unfortunately given no full generic characters nor definition of the group, but only short diagnoses of the genera. In consequence of this I am unable to say whether the following genus is really referable to the family, as I have only seen the one sex, or

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whether it may not be identical with one of Lord Walsingham's genera; I can only affirm that it has structures which are not mentioned as characteristic of any of his genera.

Titanomis, n. g.

Head shortly rongh-haired on crown (face denuded); ocelli present; tongue well-developed. Antennæ with joints closely set (partly broken). Labial palpi (in female) moderate, obliquely ascending, second joint shortly rough-scaled beneath, terminal joint short, stout, obtuse. Maxillary palpi moderately long, folded. Thorax with a slight double posterior crest, beneath densely short-haired. Forewings with vein 1 strongly furcate, 2 from near angle, 3 and 4 stalked, 7 to hindmargin, 11 from middle, secondary cell well-defined. Hindwings broader than forewings oblong-ovate, cilia ⅕; towards inner margin wholly clothed with very dense long hairs; veins tolerably parallel, forked parting-vein well-defined.

Tit. sisyrota, n. sp.

Female.—65 mm. Head, palpi, and thorax whitish suffusedly irrorated with dark fuscous (partly defaced). Antennæ fuscous. Abdomen rather dark fuscous. Anterior legs dark fuscous, apex of joints obscurely whitish (middle and posterior pair broken). Forewings elongate-oblong, costa gently arched, apex rounded, hindmargin rather oblique, slightly rounded; rather dark fuscous, irrorated with white except on an irregular posteriorly dilated median longitudinal space ceasing before hindmargin, and somewhat sprinkled with black on veins; a black streak along submedian fold from near base to beyond middle, interrupted before its apex by a subtriangular white spot; a black longitudinal streak in disc from before middle to about ⅘, interrupted by a small round white spot at ⅗: cilia rather dark fuscous, barred with white (imperfect). Hindwings and cilia fuscous.

Wellington, in May; described from a specimen in poor condition, taken by Mr. G. V. Hudson, who has since obtained a second. It is much the largest Tineid of New Zealand. The larva is probably a wood-feeder. The discovery of the male is very desirable.

Hyponomeutidæ.

Head with appressed scales; tongue developed. Forewings with vein 1 furcate, 11 from before middle of cell. Hindwings with veins 3 and 4 separate.

The following genus is most allied to the South Pacific Cyathaula.

Lysiphragma, n. g.

Head with loosely appressed scales, side-tufts more or less rough; ocelli present; tongue short. Antennæ ⅘, in male with

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joints angularly projecting, pubescent-ciliated; basal joint moderate, simple. Labial palpi moderate, curved, ascending, second joint with dense rough projecting scales beneath, sometimes almost tufted towards apex, terminal joint shorter than second, broadly flattened, obtuse, scaled. Maxillary palpi long, curved, drooping, filiform. Posterior tibiæ clothed with rough hairs. Forewings with tufts of raised scales on surface; vein 1 furcate, 2 from angle, 7 to costa, 11 from ⅓, secondary cell defined. Hindwings somewhat broader than forewings, elongate-ovate, cilia ¾; veins 5 and 6 stalked or approximated at origin; sometimes (§ A.) transverse vein absent, and forked parting-vein becoming a defined vein, giving rise to 4–6.

The entire absence of the transverse vein is a curious form of specific variation, but the two species are closely allied in all other respects, and are certainly to be included together. The species are forest-frequenting.

§ A. Hindwings with transverse vein absent.

Lys. mixochlora, n. sp.

Male.—18–20 mm. Head, palpi, and thorax whitish-ochreous. Antennæ whitish-ochreous, spotted with black above. Abdomen whitish-ochreous irrorated with grey. Legs dark fuscous, ringed with ochreous-whitish, posterior tibiæ ochreous-whitish. Forewings elongate, costa moderately arched, apex obtuse, hindmargin obliquely rounded; whitish-ochreous, irregularly suffused with light green; costa shortly strigulated with black from base to ¾; some scattered black scales about fold; a large transverse tuft of scales towards inner margin at ¼, followed by two black strigulæ on inner margin; a second tuft near inner margin at ½, followed by a black dot on inner margin; a third, smaller, above anal angle; a clear ochreous-whitish subtriangular blotch on apical fourth of costa, containing some greenish scales towards apex, its lower angle obtuse, anterior and lower sides margined by an irregular wavy black line, preceded by a brownish suffusion: cilia ochreous-whitish, with a greenish line spotted with black (imperfect). Hindwings whitish-grey, yellowish-shining; cilia whitish.

Auckland and Makatoku, in December and March; two specimens.

§ B. Hindwings with transverse vein present.

Lys. epixyla, n. sp.

Male, female.—24–29 mm. Head and palpi whitish-ochreous mixed with dark fuscous. Antennæ whitish-ochreous, spotted above with dark fuscous. Thorax dark fuscous irrorated with whitish-ochreous, posterior margin sometimes whitish-ochreous. Abdomen whitish-ochreous irrorated with grey. Legs dark

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fuscous, suffusedly ringed with whitish-ochreous, posterior tibiæ whitish-ochreous. Forewings elongate, costa moderately arched, apex obtuse, hindmargin very obliquely rounded; whitish-ochreous, irregularly suffused with fuscous, and more or less strongly coarsely irrorated with blackich; a large tuft of scales very near base, a small one near inner margin at ¼, a third on fold opposite middle of inner margin, and a fourth above anal angle; the blackish irroration tends to form two triangular blotches, of which apex touches inner margin at ⅓ and ⅔; an ill-defined roundish ochreous-whitish ante-apical spot, preceded by a blackish-fuscous suffusion margining it: cilia fuscous, towards base irrorated with dark fuscous and very obscurely spotted with ochreous-whitish. Hindwings whitish-fuscous; cilia fuscous-whitish, with a faint darker line.

Wellington, Lake Wakatipu, and Invercargill, in December and January; several specimens, usually at rest on tree-trunks.