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Volume 23, 1890
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Art. XL.—A Description of some Newly-discovered Indigenous Plants, being a Further Contribution towards the making known the Botany of New Zealand.

[Read before the Hawke's Bay Philosophical Institute, 14th July and 14th November, 1890.]

Class I. Dicotyledons.
Order I. Ranunculaceæ.
Genus 3.* Ranunculus, Linn.

1. R. muricatulus, sp. nov.

Plant small; rootstock perennial, short, very thick, with many long descending rootlets. Leaves 10–20, sub-rosulate, radiately-spreading, equal in length, closely appressed to the ground, broadly ovate or sub-orbicular in outline, 1 ½–3 lines diameter, tips obtuse, bases truncate, usually 3-lobed; lobes nearly equal, their tips obtuse rounded, sometimes sub-acute and notched, green, with purplish margins, 3- (sub 5-) nerved, nerves simple, slightly hairy on upper surface more so beneath; hairs long, white, straight, extending beyond margins; petioles ½in. long, slender, sulcated, purple, very hairy, their bases glabrous, membranous, much dilated and clasping. Scapes, usually 1–3 to a plant, slender, erect, 1 ½in.-3in. high, purple, with darker spots, very hairy; hairs white, closely appressed above, with muricated bases, patent below. Flower ½in. diameter, spreading. Sepals 5, purple, scarcely half the length of petals, spreading, ovate, tips obtuse, strongly 1-nerved, the 2 (or 3) outer ones with broad filmy white edges, very hairy, hairs white, with large muricated bases, extending beyond tips and margins. Petals 5 (very rarely 6), linear-oblong, obtuse, golden-yellow, shining, purplish on outside, with darker purple streaks on nerves, 5–7-nerved, nerves branching above; gland near base large, extending across petal, truncate, free,

[Footnote] * The numbers attached to the orders and genera in this paper are those of them in the “Handbook, Flora of New Zealand.”

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margin crenulate. Anthers numerous, broadly elliptic. Stigmas hooked, finely papillate. Achenes in a small round head, about 12, glabrous, sub-orbicular, turgid.

Hab. High, dry, open plains, Tahoraiti, south of Dannevirke, County of Waipawa; flowering early in October; gregariously scattered, presenting when together, and the sun shining, a neat pleasing appearance, from their star-like brilliant yellow flowers; 1885–1890: W. C.

Obs. This little plant, I confess, has much puzzled me, and that for a long time—ever since my first detecting it, six years ago—as it certainly approaches R. multiscapus, Hook., very closely. It differs, however, from that species in several particulars: as in its common manner of growth, stellate and closely appressed to the ground, smaller and more simple leaves, fewer scapes, purple sepals, remarkably long white hairs, with their very conspicuous muricated bases, on the calyx lobes,—a prominent and invariable character that could not have been overlooked by Hooker. In this spring season (1890) I visited those localities much earlier than I had ever done before, and so saw this neat but humble plant (with several other lowly harbingers) in all its glory.

Genus 4. Caltha, Linn.

1. C. marginata, sp. nov.

A small tufted, rather slender, glabrous perennial herb; rootstock thickish, with a few (6) radical leaves, and short 1-flowered scape. Leaves spreading; blade green, 4–5 lines long, broadly elliptic, much-veined, deeply emarginate, largely cordate and auricled at base, with the obtuse auricles turned up and closely appressed to the surface of the leaf; margins broadly cartilaginous and pale, irregularly and distantly crenulate; petioles brownish, ¾in.-1in. long, dilated at base into large; membranous sheaths. Flower ¾in.-1in. diameter; scape half as long as petioles, stoutish, dark-brown. Sepals 5, linear acuminate, margined, purple on the outside, pale-yellowish within, margins thickened, white. Stamens few, short; anthers elliptic. Carpels few; style short, stout, shining, slightly hooked.

Hab. On secondary summits of Ruahine Mountain-range, east side, County of Waipawa; 1890: Mr. A. Olsen.

Obs. A species evidently closely allied to C. novæ-zealandiæ, Hook. (discovered by me on the same range, but much higher up); but this is a smaller plant, and differs in several characters: as in the shape of its leaves, which are also crenulate and largely margined, their cartilaginous margins being conspicuously pale; in its narrower and purple sepals, which are also margined; and in its fewer stamens.

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Order XXII. Leguminosæ.
Genus 1. Carmichælia, Br.

1. C. suteri, sp. nov.

[The section below cannot be correctly rendered as it contains complex formatting. See the image of the page for a more accurate rendering.]

A very dwarf, glabrous, slender, twiggy shrub, 2in.-2 ½in. high, with numerous close-curved and erect, forked, and simple branchlets 1in.-1 ¾in. long, 1/20in. wide, compressed, narrowly sulcated, tips obtuse, with small broadly-triangular scale-like bracteoles at lateral notches on stems, acute, pale and sub-ciliated. Leaves not seen. Flower solitary (large for plant), 4 lines long, “red-violet (turning somewhat greenish in drying).” Peduncle (proper) 2 lines long, slender, glabrous, pale, jointed on to a green stalk 3–4 lines long. Calyx - teeth large, broad obtuse, tips black, the margin between them slightly ciliolate, with 2 small distant bracteoles appressed at base, their edges cilio-fimbriate. Standard broadly orbicular, 2 ½ lines wide, slightly notched; wings large oblong, their tips broad rounded; keel sub-orbicular (expanded), tip very obtuse, deeply notched; ovary glabrous; style penicillate. Pod large, sub-oblong-lanceolate oblique, 7 ½ lines long (including beak), nearly 3 lines broad, corrugated; beak 1 line long, straight, sometimes slightly curved, acute. Seeds 7, small, reniform, sub-terete, smooth, symmetrical, unicoloured, pale dusky-purplish.

Hab. South Island, “near Mount Cook Hermitage, alt. 2,540ft.!; creeping upwards over stones amongst tussocks:” Mr. H. Suter, in lit., 1890.

Obs. A delicately-formed small species, nearly allied to C. uniflora, Kirk, but differing from that species in its much larger flower and pod, glabrous peduncle, obtuse black calycine teeth, &c., the pod being the largest of all the species known to me. It is named after its kind and liberal discoverer, Mr. Suter, a skilled scientist, who also, during his short sojourn there at the Hermitage, discovered several other small and interesting alpine plants, some of them being also described in this paper.

Order XXIII. Rosaceæ.
Genus 4. Acæna, Vahl.

1. A. macrantha, sp. nov.

Herb perennial, prostrate and sub - ascending, much-branched; main branches and root stout, woody. Leaves numerous, 2in. long, obovate (in outline), imparipinnate, membranaceous, dark-green; leaflets 5 pairs, distant, glabrous above, slightly strigosely hairy on midrib below; the upper pairs sub-sessile, broadly oblong, deeply serrate, tips truncate 3-toothed; lower pairs very small, sub-orbicular,

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petiolulate; petiole ½in.-1in. long, hairy, base much dilated,. with a pair of long spreading linear bracts (or stipules) at upper corners—one at each corner. Peduncle naked, stout, erect, striate, sub-angular, red, 2 ½in-3in. long, hairy; hairs white, appressed; sometimes a very small leafy bracteole midway, very rarely two. Heads globular, 1in. diameter. Flowers dark-green; calyx-tube densely woolly-hairy; hairs long, white, 4 erect stout spreading spines, 1 at each corner, dark-red, glabrous, shining, 5–6 lines long, tips barbed, barbs white, with 4 (or more) rays. (The spines at flowering are shorter than the corolla, but soon gain their full length.) Petals 4, large, glabrous, oblong-lanceolate, spreading, 3-nerved, tips thickened, sub-acute and sub-apiculate; margins and tips becoming red in age. Stamens 2, slender, curved, largely exserted (also style); anthers small, globular, bright-yellow. Style large, stout, dilated, pinnatifid-plumose. Receptacle very small, sub-hemispherical, muricated.

Hab. On open plains, Tahoraiti, south of Dannevirke, County of Waipawa; 1886-90: W. C.

Obs. A species remarkable for the dark-green colour of its leaves and large petals; also, the deep red (port-wine colour) of its large heads of stout glabrous glistening spines, which give it a striking specious appearance, and serve to distinguish it from its congeners at first sight. It also grows much more compactly together than the allied indigenous common species, and is a scarcer plant.

Order XXVI. Droseraceæ.
Genus 1. Drosera, Linn.

1. D. flagellifera, sp. nov.

Plant small, slender, gregarious, perennial; roots long, thickish. Leaves few from one plant radical, erect, 1 ½in.-2in. long, scarcely 1 line wide, linear very acuminate, forked, often twice forked; circinnate in growth, glabrous below, very glandular above; glands red, sessile on upper surface, with long irregular stalks at margins, and very long at tips of leaves. Petiole slender, 2in.-3in. long, glabrous, reddish-green. Scape very slender, 8in.-10in. high, erect, glabrous, red. Flowers at top, 9–12 in a small branched cyme of 2–4 branchlets, usually 3 on a branch; pedicels 2–3 lines long, with a long linear bracteole, its tip truncate and laciniate, curled and appressed at the base of each branchlet. Calyx half as long as corolla, dark-green (black when dried), finely muricated or sub-rugulose; lobes oblong, truncate, largely and unequally laciniate, 3-nerved, nerves much-branched above. Corolla spreading, flat, 8 lines diameter, white (when fresh); petals distant, slightly concave, very membranous, sub-obovate, much

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truncate, the margins of tips crenulato-denticulate. Stamens 5; anthers orange-coloured. Styles 5 (or more) much-branched and forked, their tips (stigmas) irregularly shaped, broad, obovate, cuneate, lobed, emarginate, obtuse. Fruit, immature.

Hab. Margins of streamlets, low open grounds, south of Dannevirke, County of Waipawa; December, 1890: W. C. (Apparently very local.)

Obs. A species allied to D. binata, Lab. (an Australian plant), but certainly distinct in many important characters; very much so from the plate of that species with dissections given in “Nov. Holl. Plant.” Also, from description of the northern form of D. binata, as given in the “Flora Nov. Zel.,” which plant (writing from memory of it) is a much larger and stouter one. This plant in drying stains the papers used red.

Order XXVIII. Myrtaceæ.
Genus 2. Metrosideros, Br.

1. M. aurata, sp. nov.

[The section below cannot be correctly rendered as it contains complex formatting. See the image of the page for a more accurate rendering.]

Young branches terete, glabrous (as, also, leaves); bark reddish, slightly and closely rugulose or wrinkled. Leaves oblong- and sub-oblong- lanceolate, obtuse, 1in.–1 ¼in. long, 5–6 lines broad, decussate, light-green, erect, slightly spreading, sub-coriaceous, shining; margins thickened and recurved; profusely and irregularly covered with circular glandular dots of 2 sizes, some of them dark-red on the under-surface; veins diagonal, sub-parallel, distant, indistinctly forked near margins; midrib stout, flattened below, not prominent; petioles short, 1/10in. long, stout, red, glabrous, sub-rugulose, swollen at base. Flowers terminal on tips of branches, erect in small loose cymes of 7–12, the outer ones usually 3, and 2, together, sometimes solitary as the others; peduncles decussate, 2–2 ½ lines long, with a pair of very small leaflets at base; pedicels short or 0, the calyx-tube (ovary) gradually forming them. Calyx-tube infundibuliform, 6–8 lines long, sub-terete, obsoletely ribbed, pale-green with a yellowish tinge, glabrous; lobes 5, large, sub-orbicular, concave, yellowish-green, glandular dotted; margins membranous and minutely denticulate. Petals yellow, large, sub-orbicular, concave, veined, minutely dotted with glandular dots; margins finely and closely lacinio-ciliolate; scarcely clawed but thickened and obsoletely veined at base. Stamens numerous, very slender, sub-1/2in. long, terete, wavy, spreading; at first expanding yellow, but soon becoming light-red; anthers small, oblong, yellow. Style longer than stamens and much stouter, terete, tawny-reddish-yellow; stigma slightly sub-capitate and narrowly margined, ovary deeply sunk within calyx-tube, indehiscent.

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Hab. “Collingwood”; 1890: Communicated by Mrs. S. Featon.

Obs. This peculiar and elegant flowering species of Metro-sideros I lately received (with other botanical specimens) from Mrs. S. Featon, of Gisborne, who had then recently obtained it from Collingwood. It is allied to M. florida, Sm., but differs from that species in several characters,—besides those striking ones of its yellow petals and their sub-laciniate margins. In outline its petals approach those of M. robusta, A. Cunn.; but these of this species are more largely veined and dotted. Specimens bearing mature fruit are much desired.

Order XXXIII. Umbelliferæ.
Genus 1. Hydrocotyle, Linn.

1. H. nitens, sp. nov.

[The section below cannot be correctly rendered as it contains complex formatting. See the image of the page for a more accurate rendering.]

Plant perennial, small, creeping, forming dense spreading mats; stems slender. Leaves glabrous, shining, green, broadly orbicular, 2–3 lines wide, basal sinus deep, 5-nerved, 6-lobed; lobes imbricate above, each 3-crenate-toothed; teeth large, broad, and sub-acute; sinuses shallow, their bases rounded and clear; petiole 1in.-1 ½in. long, erect, with a few weak long hairs at top close under leaf, usually 1 leaf and 1 peduncle rise from each node, about 1in. apart on the stem. Stipules membranous, broadly triangular, margins entire, pale-brown. Peduncle slender, erect, nearly as long as petiole, glabrous. Umbel 5–8 flowered; flowers shortly pedicelled, pedicels increasing in length in fruit. Involucre 5 short oblong concave scales, their tips rounded, with 1 smaller similar scale at the base of each pedicel. Petals dark-pink, oblong, concave, tips rounded, incurved. Styles long, deflexed, diverging. Fruit very small, oblate-globular, turgid; mericarps 1/20in. diameter, I rib on face, back sub-acute; commissure deep; light-brown.

Hab. Forming large close-growing patches, or beds, sides of streamlets in plains, and in low shaded woods, near Dannevirke, County of Waipawa; 1887-90: W. C.

Obs. A very pleasing plant in its general appearance, from its numerous small neat and regular close glossy green leaves.

Genus 2. Pozoa, Lagas (Azorella, Lam.).

1. P. (A.) elegans, sp. nov.

A small perennial delicate herb of compact growth, densely tufted; stems simple, erect, slender, striate, succulent, glabrous, 3in. high, sometimes (but rarely) shortly proliferous. Leaves radical, 2–3 foliolate, 1in.-1 ½in. diameter; leaflets orbicular, 4–6 lines diameter, thin, obscurely 3-4-lobed, roundly

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crenate, margins cartilaginous; petiolules slender, 3 lines long; stipules large, broad at base, much fimbriate; petiole (also scape) slender, 2in.-2 ½in. long, pale-green. Peduncles 4–5 lines long, stoutish, springing from top of petiole under leaf. Umbels 2–3, in round heads 20–30-flowered; pedicels 1 line long. Involucre many-leaved, leaves long linear, 1-nerved, tips very obtuse, involute. Flowers rather large for plant, showy, dark-purple; petals sub-obovate; rhomboid, tips acute; calycine lobes similar in shape, but much smaller. Stamens long, incurved; anthers globular. Fruit (immature) slightly ribbed.

Hab. South Island: “Sealy Range, altitude 6,000ft., the complete plant forming a big bunch or rosette with many flowers.”—Mr. H. Suter, in lit., 1890.

Obs. This is evidently a very pretty and symmetrical little alpine plant, differing much in general appearance from the other described species, but possessing affinity with P. trifoliolata, Hook., also with P. microdonta, mihi, here following. I have received four good specimens from its kind discoverer, all very much alike, which (he says) he “got from one plant.” To be in keeping with the genus in the “Handbook, Flora N.Z.,” I retain Pozoa, though I prefer Azorella, to which older genus Bentham has removed it.

2. P. (A.) microdonta, sp. nov.

Plant perennial, very slender, glabrous; stem 1ft. (or more) long, filiform, prostrate, creeping, purplish, rooting at nodes 2in.-3in. apart; roots very long, capillary, white. Leaves 2–6 at each node, erect, 3-foliolate; leaflets equal, distant, divergent at right angles, sub-oblate-orbicular or sub-flabelliform, each 3–4 (sometimes 6–7) lines diameter, margined, minutely and regularly serrulate under lens; tips truncate and unequally cut and 5–6 crenate-lobed; lobes rounded, each mucronate at extremity of vein, 3-nerved, green, membranous, soft, much-veined, with a few scattered white succulent erect hairs on veins of upper surface and at margins; petiolules 1 ½–2 lines long; petioles slender, 3in.-5in. long, purple, channelled. Stipules small, with 3–4 rather long and stout succulent ciliæ. Peduncles springing from common petiole, one-third below leaflets, sometimes 2–3 from one point, ½in.-1 ¼in. long. Umbels (sometimes two unequal umbellules) 2-4- (rarely 6-10-) flowered, their stems stout. Involucral leaves 1–2 lines long, linear-ovate acuminate, lacero-ciliate. Flowers small, shortly pedicelled, 1 ½ lines diameter, calyx and petals forming a regular star; calyx-teeth small, membranous, broadly triangular, abruptly acuminate. Petals distant, spreading, very membranous, narrow sub-rhomboidal, abruptly acuminate, acute, with sometimes a

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minute irregular lobe, or tooth, at lateral angle, 1-nerved, margins minutely sinuate-crenulate, whitish, purple-dashed. Fruit oblong, turgid, ribs obsolete.

Hab. Forming large close-growing patches, or little beds, wood south of Dannevirke, County of Waipawa; October, 1889-90: W. C.

Obs. A species near P. trifoliolata, Hook. (to which I had, at first discovery, assigned it), but very distinct in several characters, in both leaves and flowers.

Order XXXIX. Compositæ.

Genus 9. Cotula, Linn.

1.C. venosa, sp. nov.

A slender weak sub-erect herb, clothed with long fine silky white hairs, especially on young leaves and flowering stems, 6in.-8in. high; generally with 1 main slender stem below, much-branched above; roots long and filiform. Leaves few, distant, scattered mostly on the lower parts of branches, ½in.-¾in. long, broadly oblong or obovate in outline, pinnatifid with 2–3 pairs of lobes on sides; lobes sub-lanceolate, simple, entire, sometimes with 1 small lobule on the upper edge of the larger lobes; margins thickened; tips acute, sub-mucronate, thickened, white; the apical portion of the leaf broad, 3-lobed, lobes equal; much veined, also the winged rachis and petiole; veins intramarginal; 2 pairs of small lobe-like stipules at base of petiole. Heads small, 2 lines diameter, spreading, solitary, terminal on long slender naked peduncles or tips of branches, 3in.-4in. long, simple, erect, 2–5 rising from a main branch. Involucral scales sub 2-series. Scales broadly oblong, the centre green, with a strong percurrent central nerve, and other nerves branching, their margins being very large membranous pellucid white, delicately and closely reticulately veined; edges of tips minutely sub-sinuate denticulate, soon becoming black. Rayflorets in two rows, pedicelled; corolla O; achene obovate, apex simple retuse; a few fine short hairs in the centre on both sides; margins thick, broad, glabrous; styles spreading. Disk-florets cylindrical, 4-toothed; teeth broad, eglandular; pedicels long.

Hab. Forming small patches in open woods south of Dannevirke, County of Waipawa; 1890: W. C.

Obs. A species very near to C. australis, Hook., but differing from that plant in several particulars: as in its great hairiness, in the smaller size shape and markings of its leaves, in its larger heads, in its different flowers and achenes, and, particularly, in its beautiful and curious involucral scales.

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Order XLII. Ericeæ.

Genus 2. Pernettya, Gaud.

1. P. nana, sp. nov.

A small low shrub of matted growth; main stems prostrate under ground, implexed, slender, woody, rooting, blackish; branches numerous, short, ¾in.-1½in. high, erect, simple, sometimes (but rarely) forked, glabrous. Leaves few, small, rather distant, alternate, petiolate, oblong-lanceolate sub 2 lines long, obtuse, thickish, glabrous, dark-green above, paler below, their tips white, minutely mealy; lateral margins sub-sinuato-denticulate, usually having 2 minute obtuse teeth on each side (when young each with a minute patent hair at its tip), few-veined, veins white and mostly simple, and sometimes possessing the mealy appearance of the tips, as also the teeth; petioles short, stoutish, red. Flowers (large for plant) terminal at tips of branchlets, 3–4 together sub-corymbose; peduncle sub 2 lines long, stout, glabrous, thickened at top, 2–3 bracteolate at base, with a larger bracteole near the top. Calyx glabrous; lobes broadly ovate, acute, cut nearly to base, margined red and finely ciliolate, single-veined, enlarging with the fruit in its growth. Corolla white, broadly campanulate or cup-shaped, 3½ lines long, 3 lines wide; lobes short, their tips broad obtuse recurved, each triplinerved; stamens nearly exserted, anthers appearing at sinuses of lobes; filaments long (length of style), obspathulate acuminate, 1-nerved, white, slender, smooth, minutely and distantly tuberculate (sub lente); anthers oval, light reddish-brown, 2-awned; awns short, stout, spreading, sinus broad; style erect, stoutish, pink, persistent; stigma glabrous, slightly tuberculate. Hypogynous scales oblate-orbicular, emarginate. Fruit globular, minutely puberulent, 2 lines diameter, 5-grooved, angles rounded; the tip depressed, umbilicate; light-coloured dashed with pink streaks.

Hab. South Island: on the ground, hills near Mount Cook Hermitage; forming large patches, of densely compact growth; January, 1890: Mr. H. Suter.

Class II. Monocotyledons.
Order I. Orchideæ.

Genus 9. Corysanthes, Br.

1. C. orbiculata, sp. nov.

Plant small, 1in.-1½in. high, erect; a large sheathing bract at base of stem, and a long acute half-clasping one at base of ovary, 3 lines long. Leaf single, thin, 6–8 lines long, generally elliptic-cordate, sometimes somewhat broadly

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cordate, lateral margins straight; tip rounded, apiculate; petiole short, 1–1½ lines long. Flower solitary; dorsal sepal thin, very long, ¾in., lanceolate acuminate much overhanging, many-nerved; tip recurved; brownish-purple dashed on outside with linear purple dots; lateral sepals and petals narrow filiform, ½in.-¾in. (sometimes 1½in.) long, sub-erect, 1 line broad and 1-nerved below; lip dark purple-red, orbicular, 4–5 lines diameter, apiculate, margin entire, but under lens minutely and regularly denticulate, much-nerved; nerves distant, forked at tips, and extending to margin. Ovary narrow-oblong, ½in. long, striate, brownish.

Hab. South Island: “Mount Cook, Black-birch Creek Valley;” 1890: Mr. H. Suter.

Obs. Although I have received good dried and mounted specimens of this pretty little plant from its kind discoverer, they are not well fitted for minute microscopical dissection, having been too severely pressed. But this plant differs from our described New Zealand (and Australian) ones, in its thin elliptic and straight-edged leaf, and in the large orbicular and entire lip of its flower.

Class III. Cryptogamia.
Order I. Filices.

Genus 5. Hymenophyllum, Sin.

1. H. truncatum, sp. nov.

Sub-prostrate, depressed, thickly overlapping, matted, quite glabrous; roots slender, creeping. Fronds 1½in.-2in. long, broadly ovate and sub-deltoid, of a pleasing light-green colour (reddish-tinged in age), 3–4 pinnatifid. Pinnæ alternate; main rachis and secondary rachises much-winged; wings crisp; segments numerous, close, linear, sub-secund, inclined below surface of rachises, serrate; serratures large, distant, blunt; tips truncate, dilated, 2–3-toothed, sometimes forkveined and emarginate; veins not extending to margins. Cells dusky, distinct, irregular, of various shapes and sizes, with wide darker intercellular passages between; their centres pellucid, irregular in shape; larger by sides of veins, and very small and more regular in form and compact at margins, giving the segments a thickened sub-marginal appearance. Stipe 1in.-2in. long, dark-brown (also rachis and secondary rachises), narrowly winged to base, with scattered red hairs when young; involucres few on frond, confined to upper pinnæ, usually solitary, or 2 (rarely 4–5) on a pinna, and only showing on the upper side, full, supra-axillary, very large, broadly sub-orbicular, or orbicular-flabelliform, paler green than and of different substance from the frond; valves large, free three-

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fourths of their length, vertical, their upper portion usually curved and compressed while young, but afterwards gaping; margins entire and sub-sinuate; cells distinct, irregular in size, but mostly quadriform (parallelogrammic), disposed in longitudinal parallel lines, their centres dusky, their edges thickened, dark. Receptacle small, included; capsules few at the base.

Hab. Plentifully on the trunk of a large tree, in a thicket, south of Dannevirke, County of Waipawa; 1887-90: W. C.

Obs. I. This fern has caused me a deal of labour and research, extending over several years, arising from my never having detected it bearing fruit until this year (1890). In some of its characters it is allied to H. multifidum, Sw., but in others it is very distinct from that species as described and especially from that of the typical specimen with illustrations and dissections, given in Hook. and Greville's “Icones Filicum;” its fruitful fronds are very rare.

II. If I mistake not, I found this same fern 40–45 years ago in the Fagus woods on the secondary western summits of the Ruahine Mountain-range, completely covering the ground with its thick perennial matting. I assiduously sought for fruiting specimens on every journey thither, but was always unsuccessful.

[Mounted specimens of all these plants were also shown at those two meetings.—W. C.]