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Volume 23, 1890
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Art. XLI.—An Enumeration of Fungi recently discovered in New Zealand.

[Read before the Hawke's Bay Philosophical Institute, 14th November, 1890.]

In the autumn of this year I again sent a lot of Fungi to Kew, London (with other plants, both Phænogams and Cryptogams), which I had discovered at various times during the last four years in my visits to the dense forests and deep glens of the Seventy-mile Bush district, County of Waipawa; a few of them also being from Napier. Several of them were forms that were new to me, although I knew some of their genera and allied species. Altogether they numbered nearly one thousand separate packets, containing also a much larger number of specimens, but several were duplicates, and, indeed, three to four times repeated, having been obtained in dif-

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ferent states, at different seasons of the year; and while some of them were common (locally), others were extremely rare.

I sent them to Kew, to the Director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Mr. W. T. Thiselton Dyer, C.M.G., &c., in order to get them determined, if possible, by the eminent fungologist, Dr. Cooke, who had so very kindly done so much for some former lots, collected in the same localities. I have very recently received from the Director at Kew a long and complete valuable list of a portion of the same (those already determined), and this I purpose now laying before you, omitting only those species which were already known, and described in the “Handbook, Flora of New Zealand,” and also in my two supplementary papers of newly-discovered Fungi published in vols. xvii. and xix. of the Transactions. And, as on former occasions, I shall classify them thus:—

1. Foreign Fungi, already described, but not before found in New Zealand.

2. Indigenous species wholly new to science, true species novæ.

From these lists you will learn that, out of the large number of specimens of Fungi last sent by me to Kew, a total of 132 species are new to the New Zealand flora, and of these only five species have been determined as new to science.

Fungi.

Section I.—Foreign Fungi already described, but not before found in New Zealand.

(1.) Of Genera* known to inhabit New Zealand, as published in the “Handbook.”

Genus 1. Agaricus.

1.

A. (Lepiota) mesomorphus, Bull.

2.

A. (Tricholoma) rutilans, Fr.

3.

A. (Omphalia) stellatus, Fr.

4.

A. (Omphalia) anthiceps, B. and C. prox.

5.

A. (Omphalia) fibula, Fr.

6.

A. (Pleurotus) applicatus, Fr.

7.

A. (Pleurotus) algidus, Fr.

8.

A. (Pleurotus) guilfoylei, B.

9.

A. (Pleurotus) salignus, Fr.

10.

A. (Pleurotus) flabellatus, B. and Br.

11.

A. (Pleurotus) subsupinus, B.

12.

A. (Pleurotus) scabriusculus, B.

[Footnote] * The numbers attached to genera in this list are those of the same genera “Handbook, Flora of New Zealand.”

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13.

A. (Pleurotus) tasmanicus, B.

14.

A. (Pholiota) mutabilis, Fr.

15.

A. (Pholiota) pudicus, Fr.

16.

A. (Flammula) tilopus, Kalch.

17.

A. (Flammula) chrysotrichus, B.

18.

A. (Flammula) hyperion, C. and M.

19.

A. (Naucoria) temulentus, Fr.

20.

A. (Naucoria) semiorbicularis, Fr.

21.

A. (Naucoria) melinoides, Bull.

22.

A. (Naucoria) fraternus, C. and M.

23.

A. (Naucoria) nasutus, Kalch.

24.

A. (Collybia) nummularius, Fr.

25.

A. (Collybia) distortus, Fr.

26.

A. (Collybia) laccatinus, B.

27.

A. (Collybia) velutipes, Fr.

28.

A. (Crepidotus) mollis, Fr.

29.

A. (Paneolus) fimiputris, Fr.

30.

A. (Mycena) atrocyaneus, Fr.

31.

A. (Mycena) epipterygius, Fr.

32.

A. (Galera) tener, Fr.

33.

A. (Armillaria) melleus, Fr.

Genus 2. Coprinus.

1.

C. micaceus, Fr.

Genus 3. Hygrophorus.

1.

H. niveus, Fr.

2.

H. miniatus, Fr.

Genus 4. Marasmius.

1.

M. vaillantii, Fr.

2.

M. spaniophyllus, B.

3.

M. exocarpi, B.

Genus 5. Lentinus.

1.

L. zealandicus, Sacc.

2.

L. lepdeus, Fr. affinis.

3.

L. hepatotrichus, B.

Genus 7. Panus.

1.

P. tahitensis, Reich.

2.

P. incandescens, B.

Genus 10. Polyporus.

1.

P. squamosus, Fr.

2.

P. lætus, Cke.

3.

P. grammocephalus, Berk.

4.

P. leprodes, Rost.

5.

P. (Hispidi) setiger, Cke.

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Genus 13. Hydnum.

1.

H. niveum, Fr.

2.

H. coralloides, Fr.

3.

H. udum, Fr.

Genus 15. Thelephora.

1.

T. fastidiosa, Fr.

Genus 16. Stereum.

1.

S. ochroleucum, Fr.

2.

S. pannosum, Cke.

3.

S. illudens, B.

Genus 17. Corticium.

1.

C. ochraceum, Fr.

2.

C. sulfureum, Fr.

3.

C. auberianum, M.

4.

C. scutellare, Fr.

5.

C. nudum, Fr.

Genus 18. Cyphella.

1.

C. alboviolascens, Fr.

Genus 20. Clavaria.

1.

C. misella, B. and C.

2.

C. contorta, Fr.

Genus 25. Secotium.

1.

S. czerniavii, Mont.

Genus 30. Lycoperdon.

1.

L. sericellum, B.

2.

L. gunnii, B.

Genus 46. Puccinea.

1.

P. lychindearum, Lk.

2.

P. violarum, Lk.

Genus 47. Uredo.

1.

U. compositarum, v. celmisiæ.

Genus 51. Stilbum.

1.

S. vaporarium, B. and Br.

2.

S. pellucidum, Schr.

Genus 60. Peziza.

1.

P. margaritacea, B.

2.

P. sarmentorum, B.

3.

P. (Lachnea) cubensis, B.

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Genus 65. Asterina.

1.

A. effusa, Cke. and Mass.

2.

A. subcuticulosa, Cke.

Genus 68. Hypocrea.

1.

H. citrina, Fr.

Genus 69. Xylaria.

1.

X. allantoidea, M.

2.

X. zelandica, Cke.

Genus 70. Hypoxylon.

1.

H. coccineum, P.

Genus 74. Sphæria.

1.

S. mammæformis, P.

Genus 77. Erysiphe.

1.

E. communis, Lk.

(2.) Of Genera first published in “Transactions N.Z. Institute,” vols. xvii. and xix.

Hymenochæte.

1.

H. kalchbrenneri, Mass.

2.

H. tabacina, Fr.

3.

H. mougeotii, Fr.

Calocera.

1.

C. stricta, Fr.

2.

C. guepinioides, Fr.

Trichia.

1.

T. superba, Mass.

Mucor.

1.

M. phycomyces.

Helotium.

1.

H. sublenticulare, Fr.

2.

H. claroflavum, Gr.

Polystictus.

1.

P. sector, Ehr.

2.

P. sanguineus, Fr.

3.

P. tabacinus, Mont.

4.

P. hirsutus v. cinerascens, B.

Rossellinia.

1.

R. mammoidea, Cke.

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Hemiarcyria.

1.

H. rubiginosa.

Poria.

1.

P. hyalina, B., var.

2.

P. corticola, Fr.

(3.) Of Genera not before found in New Zealand.

Sphæridium.

1.

S. candidulum, Sacc.

Sporidesmium.

1.

S. lepraria, B.

2.

S. polymorphum.

Pistillina.

1.

P. stilboidea, Cke.

Dactylium.

1.

D. macrosporum, S.

Coleosporium.

1.

C. fuchsiæ, Cke.

Lophadermium.

1.

L. culmigenum, Fr.

Aleurodiscus.

1.

A. oakesii, B. and C.

Trametes.

1.

T. epitephra, Berk., var.

Physarum.

1.

P. leucopus, Fr.

2.

P. lividum, Rost.

Fusarium.

1.

F. elongatum, Cke.

Merulius.

1.

M. corium, Fr.

Gibbera.

1.

G. pulicaris, Fr.

Illosporum.

1.

I. carneum, Fr.

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Cintractia.

1.

C. axicola, Berk.

Phyllachora.

1.

P. junci, Fr.

Taphrina.

1.

T. aurea, Fckl.

Cystopus.

1.

C. candidus, Lev.

Pleospora.

1.

P. euonymi, C.

Trichoderma.

1.

T. viride, Fr.

Mylitta.

1.

M. australis, Fr.

Ramularia.

1.

R. obliqua, Cke.

Castoreum.

1.

C. radicatum, Cke. and Mass.

Endothia.

1.

E. gyrosa, Fr.

Peniophora.

1.

P. velutina, Fr.

Spilocæa.

1.

S. pomi, Fr.

Section II.—Species novæ.

Asteromella myriadea.

Craterellus insignis.

Læstadia hepaticorum.

Uromyces azorellæ.

Uredo acacia.

To these I add three species novæ lately described by me* (as forming part of the aforesaid collection sent to Kew):—

Hydnum novæ-zealandiæ, Col.

Geaster coriaceus, Col.

Peziza (Lachnea) spencerii, Col.

[Footnote] * Trans. N.Z. Inst., vol. xxi., p. 79, and vol. xxii., pp. 451 and 458.

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[The section below cannot be correctly rendered as it contains complex formatting. See the image of the page for a more accurate rendering.]

Total number of additional species of genera known to inhabit New Zealand 100
Total number of species of genera hitherto unknown in New Zealand 27
Total number of indigenous species novæ (three of them belonging to genera not before known to exist in New Zealand) 5
Total number of species new to our New Zealand flora 132

Two striking facts will here immediately arrest our attention (the same, too, as were quite as noticeable on the former occasions above mentioned)—viz., (1) the large number of Fungi here in New Zealand that are identical as to both genera and species with those of England and other western countries, a few of them being almost cosmopolite; (2) the small number of truly indigenous species novæ. And that those Fungi that are at present undiscovered will still continue to be found bearing pretty nearly the same ratio I have little doubt.

Another fact worthy of notice is the large number of genera not hitherto known to inhabit New Zealand. From the preceding list it appears there are no less than twenty-nine genera new to this country, many of them at present possessing but a single species; yet, as several of those genera contain a large number of species in other lands, it is but reasonable to suppose that the number of each genus will be largely augmented here.