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Volume 26, 1893
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Art. XXI.—Materials for a Bibliography of the Dinornithidæ, the Great Extinct Birds of New Zealand, usually called Moas.

[Read before the Otago Institute, 14th November, 1893.]

The great increase within the last decade of transactions and proceedings of societies, magazines, and journals has rendered it more difficult than ever for students of natural history to peruse the literature of any subject that he may be

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working at without the aid of such valuable publications as the “Records.” To those resident in the colonies, opportunities of consulting a full set of, say, the “Zoological Review” must be few and far between; and, even if the opportunity offers, a great deal of time must be consumed in the search for that which is required. Having myself experienced considerable difficulty in this way whilst working at the study of the remains of the extinct birds of New Zealand, I thought that the references which I had accumulated would, if systematically arranged, form the basis of a bibliography of what has already been written on the subject of the moa.

I am particular in calling it only a contribution to the subject, as I am well aware that it is practically impossible for a single hand to collect every reference. There will no doubt be many an omission to repair and correction to be made in a future volume; and I shall be extremely grateful to any correspondent who will assist me in completing the bibliography, and thereby facilitate the labours of future workers in this field.

It has been suggested to me that I ought to discriminate, and only enter on the list papers and articles of scientific value and worth; but I take it that this course would totally destroy the value of the work as a bibliography; and, further, that I am hardly justified in saying that a record is valueless because it seems to me, with our present knowledge of the subject, ridiculous or absurd. It will be a long while yet before the last word on the history of the extinct birds of New Zealand is said, or the various questions settled and elucidated.

I desire, therefore, to record newspaper notices, magazine articles, &c., which may, perhaps, seem trivial. The only references that I feel justified in omitting are those in zoological text-books and stories professedly fictitious. When the work is nearer completion I desire to arrange the references under various subject-heads.

To those authors whose writings I have omitted I must tender my apologies, and plead in excuse the discontinuous nature of my work, which has had to be done in odd moments in the intervals of other work and duties; and also the absence of several important works of reference which should have been consulted.

I trust, however, that the list will serve as a basis for further records, and I shall be pleased to receive any corrections and additions that any one will kindly forward to me.

Note.—I have endeavoured as far as I could to give the date of the reading of the paper. In some cases, however, the date is the date of the publication of the volume in which the paper or notice occurs.

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Author. Title of Paper. Name of Publication, Volume Pages Plates Date
Anon. (Dr. Rule)? Commenting on Professor Owen's Description of the Type Femur of Dinornis Polytechnic Journal July, 1843
Anon The Moas of New Zealand. The tarsal scales of D. ingens described and figured (original in Otago University Museum) Nature XI 289,290 Wood-cut Feb. 11, 1875
Adams, Davenport “Life in the Primæval World”; A book founded on Meunier's “Les Animaux d'autrefois,” in which an account of the Moa is given, based on Hochstetter; also an account of the “York skeleton” 186, et seq. 1872
Allis, Thomas Notice of a nearly complete Skeleton of a Dinornis, presented by Dr. Gibson to the Museum of the Yorkshire Philosophical Society Proc. Linn. Soc. VIII. xlvi., 50,52 June 16, 1864
Portions of the skeleton exhibited at meeting, with ligaments and portion of skin June 16, 1864
Abstract of above paper Nat. Hist. Review 636 1864
Also in Zoologist 9195–9197
Allis, Thomas Further Notes on the Skeleton of Dinornis robustus, Owen, in the York Museum Proc. Linn. Soc VIII 140, 141 Nov. 17, 1864
Blainville, De Remarks against Owen's Identification of Dinornis Bones Ostéographie 1839
Booth, B.S. Description of the Moa-bone swamp at Hamilton, Otago Trans. N.Z. Inst.
And Proc.
VII 123–138
" On a Second discovery of Moa-bones at Hamilton Trans. N.Z. Inst. IX. 365,366 1877
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Buller, Sir Walter List of Silver's “New Zealand Birds.” Figures of Hochstetter's restoration of Dinornis (D. giganteus) skeleton, also of a skeleton of D. elephantopus, and the leg-bones of D. maximus i.-iv.
" Figure of a Dinornis skeleton, and Maori in costume (frontispiece) Birds of New Zealand 1873.
" Dinornis. See introduction Birds of New Zealand, 2nd ed. I. 18–35 5 wood-cuts 1888.
" Supplementary notes, figuring a metatarsus Birds of New Zealand, 2nd ed II 333–335 2 plates
Campbell, W.D. On the Discovery of Moa-bones near Marsden. (Title only) Proc. N.Z. Inst. XI. 574
Chapman, F. B. Notes on Moa-remains in the Mackenzie Country and other Localities, (Describes gizzard-stones) Trans. N.Z. Inst. XVII. 172–178
Cheeseman, T. F. Notice of the Discovery of Moa-remains at Ellerslie, near Auckland Trans. N.Z. Inst. VIII. 427
Christie, Rev. J. Adamic Memorials N. Z. Presbyterian Dec. 1, 1888.
" Solution of the Moa Problem Dun, Evening Star Jan, 1889.
" The Exhibition and its Moa-remains Dun, Evening Star March, 1890.
" The Moa Dun. Evening Star Apr, 10, 1890.
" Letter to Editor (on the moa) Dun. Evening Star Apr. 24, 1890.
" New School of Natural Science Dunedin Evening Star (supplement) May 31, 1890.
" Otago Institute Otago Daily Times July 8, 1890.
" Otago Notes Sydney Presbyterian Sept. 18, 1890.
" Moa-remains Dun. Evening Star Jan., 1891.
" Moa-bones again Dun. Evening Star Sept., 1891.
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" Enfield Fossils Otago Daily Times Sept. 7, 1891.
" Extinction of the Moa North Otago Times Nov. 23, 1891.
" The Glacial Period North Otago Times Jan. 9, 1892.
" Moa Extinction North Otago Times 1892.
" The Country and Age of the Moa North Otago Times 1892.
" Glacial Extinction of the Moa North Otago Times Feb. 3, 1892.
" The Moa Dunedin Evening Star (supplement) Feb. 3, 1893.
Clarke, Rev. W.B. Dinornis as an Australian Genus Geolog. Mag. VI. 383 1869.
" Dinornis australis (Dromornis). An Account of the Discovery of the Species in 1869, and the Result of Subsequent Investigations Proc. Royal Soc. N.S.W. XI. 41–49
Cocchi, Professor J. Catalogi della Collezione Centrale Italiana di Palæontologia, Firenze. Thinks D. crassus, D. elephantopus, D. giganteus, D. robustus, and D. ingens belong to the Neolithic period 63 1872.
Quoted by Owen in his 21st Mem., 7th December, 1875, but not in “Extinct Birds of New Zealand” Zool. Trans. X. 185
Cockburn-Hood, T.H. Dinornis: Remarks on its Footprints and Recent Extinction Proc. Royal Soc., Edin. VIII. 236–240 1873–74.
Ditto Notes respecting the Moa-cave at Earnscleugh, Otago Trans. N.Z. Inst. VI. 387, 388
Colenso, Rev. W. The Moa: An Account of some Enormous Fossil Bones of an Unknown Species of the Class Aves, lately discovered in New Zealand* Tasm. Journ. Nat. Sc., vol. dated 1843 II. 81–96

[Footnote] * This paper was forwarded to the secretary of the Tasmanian Society before 1st May, 1842, as the MS. copy published by Owen is dated 1st May, 1842. (See “Status quo,” Trans. N.Z. Inst., vol. xxiv., pp. 473, 474.) Mr. Colenso states that he first knew of the moa in January, 1838.

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Colenso, Rev. W. Reprinted in Ann. Nat. Hist. XIV. 81–96 Aug., 1844.
" On the Moa, Dinornis sp.(Title only) Trans. N.Z. Inst. XI. 568
" On the Moa, including the above paper as Part I. In Part II. nine proverbs are given noticing the moa Trans. N.Z. Inst. XII. 63–108 iv, v. June, 1878, and Oct., 1879.
" Notice of Moa-bones from the North Island Pro. H.B. Phil. Inst., Trans. N.Z. Inst. XVIII. 434 Nov., 1885.
" Status quo: a Retrospect.—A Few More Words by way of Explanation and Correction concerning the First Finding of the Bones of the Moa in New Zealand; also Strictures on the Quarterly Reviewer's Severe and Unjust Remarks on the late Dr. G.A. Mantell, F.R.S., in connection with the same Trans. N.Z. Inst. XXIV. 468–478 Feb., 1893.
Cormack, W.E. Note on the Locality affording the Femur of D. gracilis in Professor Owen's paper, with woodcut of section at Opito Trans. Zool. Soc. IV. 145–147 Wood-cut
Cotton, Rev. W. Letter addressed to Professor Owen on the Bones of the Moa Proc. Zool. Soc. 1843.
Coughtrey, Professor J. Millen-, and Hutton, Captain F.W. Remarks on Some of the More Remarkable Moa-remains found in the Earnscleugh Cave Trans. N.Z. Inst. VII. 138–144
Ditto Description of Some Moa-remains from the Knobby Range, by Captain Hutton, with Anatomical Notes by— Trans.N.Z.Inst. VII. 266–273
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Coulon, L. Bones of D. crassus from Oamaru Bull. Soc. Neuchatel VIII. 476
Dallas, W.S. On the Feathers of D. robustus, Owen Proc. Zool. Soc. 265–268 Woodcut Mar. 14, 1865.
Also Ann. and Mag. Nat. Hist. 3rd sec. XVI. 66–69
Also extract in Ann. Sci. Nat. IV. 292
Darton, Thomas Geology and the Moa Dunedin Evening Star (supplement) Sept. 15, 22, 29, 1888.
Day, J. Analysis of Animal and Organic Matter in Bones of Ostrich and Moa Reports on Zoology for 1843–44, Ray Soc. Publ. 294, 295 1847.
Davies, Thomas. Report on the Gizzard-stones of Moa (in note) Extinct Birds of N.Z. I. 337
Deane, James, and G.A. Mantell Correspondence on the Ornithichnites of the Connecticut River Sandstone and the Dinornis of New Zealand Silliman's Journal. XLV. 177–183 1843.
De Vis, C.W. Dinornis queenslandia Proc. Royal Soc. Queensland I., pt. i. 23–28 iii., iv.
Dieffenbach, Ernst Travels in New Zealand: A Note on the Moa II. 195 1843.
Enys, John D. Letter re the Kaikoura Moa-egg Christchurch Press Aug. 3, 1871.
" Note respecting the Discovery of the Egg of the Moa at the Kaikoura Peninsula Trans. N.Z. Inst. IV. 403
Field, H.C. On the Extinction of the Moa Trans. N.Z. Inst. XIV. 540
" Discoveries of Moa-bones Trans. N.Z. Inst. XXIV. 558–561
Forbes, H.O. Note on the Disappearance of the Moa Nature 43 105, 106 Dec. 4, 1890.
" On Avian Remains found under a Lava-flow near Timaru, Canter-bury Trans. N.Z. Inst. XXIII. 366–373
" Preliminary Notice of Additions to the Extinct Avifauna of New Zealand Trans. N.Z. Inst. XXIV. 185–189
" The Moas of New Zealand. Natural Science II., No. 15 374–380 May, 1893.
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Forbes, W. A. On the Conformation of the Thoracic End of the Trachea in the Ratite Birds Proc. Zool. Soc. 778–788 1881.
Franks, A. W. Letter from—to R, Owen re supposed moa-feathers found by Dr. Hector (December 26, 1876) Owen's Extinct Birds of N.Z. I. 449
Fraser, Captain T. A Description of the Earnscleugh Moa cave Trans. N.Z. Inst. V. 102–105
Fürbringer, Max. Untersuchungen zur Morphologie und Systematik der Vögel—Ratitæ II. 588
(71)Dinornithidæ II. 633–636 1888.
Fyffe, George Exhibited the Kaikoura moa-egg at the Dunedin Exhibition (No. 220) Exhibition Catalogue 254 1868.
Gadow, Hans Ratitæ: the most Recent Views on the Dinornithidæ Broun's Klassen und Ordnungen des Thier-Reichs Band VI Abth. IV. 103–106 1893.
Gillies, T.B. On the Occurrence of Footprints of the Moa at Poverty Bay Trans. N.Z. Inst. IV. 127, 128 1872.
Gowen, J.R. Letter to Professor Owen Extinct Birds of New Zealand I. 1843.
Grey, Sir George. A Communication, on the Recent Date of the Moa. Trans. Zool. Soc. 116, 117 1870.
Haast, Sir J. von. Exhibited moa-bones at Dunedin Exhibition Exhibition Catalogue 260 1868.
" Beobachtungen über einige Vögel Journ. für Ornith 238–245 1868.
" New Zealand: compiled by Dr. Finsch from a letter of Dr. Haast's. (Notices seven species of Dinornis skeleton in Christchurch Museum) Cf. Ibis 504 1868.
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" Dinornis: Geological Note on & Deposit containing its Remains, with a Section Monatb, Akad, Wissenscht, Berlin 551–553 Section 1868.
" Letter on the Discovery of Cooking-pits and Kitchen-middens in Canterbury Settlement, Middle Island, New Zealand, (Communicated, with remarks by Professor Owen) Proc. Zool. Soc. 53–56 1870.
" Remark on the Extinct Birds of New Zealand, Ibis 209–220 1874.
" Address to the Philosophical Institute of Canterbury Trans. N.Z. Inst.
Lyttelton Times
VI. 419 June, 1874.
March 6.
" On the Measurement of Dinornis Bones— Trans. N.Z. Inst IV. 1872.
Part I. 66–90
Additional Notes 90–94
Third Paper on Moa and Moa-hunter 94–107
" Geology of Canterbury and Westland: (a.) first Appearance of Man on this Island, (b.) The Dinornithidæ or Moas, (c.) Occurrence of Moa-bones, and Trace of the Extinction of the Dinornithidæ (d.) Glenmark Chap. XVI. 407–449
" Researches and Excavations carried on in and near the Moa-bone Point Cave, Summer Road, in the Year 1872 Trans. N.Z. Inst VII. 54–83 1875.
" Notes on the Moa-hunters' Encampment at Shag Point, Otago Trans. N.Z. Inst, VII. 91–98 Sec, 1–3
" Results of Excavations and Re-searches in and near the Moa-bone Point Cave, Summer Road (post-script) Trans. N.Z. Inst, VII. 528–530
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Haast, Sir J. von. On Dinornis oweni, sp. n., Whangarei. Trans. Zool. Soc. XII., pt. 8 171–182 xxxi., xxxii.
" A New Species of the Dinornithidæ, with some Remarks on D. curtus Proc. Zool. Soc. 482 1885.
" On Megalapteryx hectori, a New Gigantic Species of Apterygian Bird, Received April 2, 1885; read June 2, 1885 Trans. Zool. Soc. XII., pt. 7 161–169 xxx.
" Researches and Excavations carried on in and near the Moa-bone Point Cave, Summer Road, in the Year 1872. (Lyttelton Times print) 22 1874.
" This pamphlet gave rise to a controversy. (See speeches in Legislative Council, October 19,1875) N.Z. Hansard XIX. 546–48
" Also notes and letters in Nature XIII.
90, 91
" See also Trans. N.Z. Inst. VII. 54–85 i, ii.
Proc, N.Z. Inst. 528, 530 &c.
" Recent Cave Researches in New Zealand Nature XIV. 576–579
" Notes on an Ancient Native Burial-place near the Moa-bone Point, Summer (Moa-hunters) Trans. N.Z. Inst. VII. 86–91 iii, iv.
" Moas and Moa-hunters Trans. N.Z. Inst. XVIII. 426
" Ausgrabungen von Moa-Resten in den Knochenköhlen des Aorere Thales, In Hochstetter's Geologie, Describes Stafford's Cave and others in the Aorere Valley Reise der “Novara” I., pt. 1 242–248 Diagram of caves 1864.
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Hale, Horatio The Giant Birds of New Zealand Pop. Sci. Monthly XXX. 660 1887.
Hamilton, A. On the Early Discoveries of Moa-bones in New Zealand, and their Identification Proc. N.Z. Inst. XVIII. 434
" Notes on a Deposit of Moa-bones in the Te Aute Swamp, Hawke's Bay Trans. N.Z. Inst. XXI. 311–318
" On the Deposit of Moa-bones at Te Aute Trans. N.Z. Inst. XXII. 553
" Notes on Moa Gizzard-stones Trans. N.Z. Inst. XXIV. 172–175
" On the Fissures and Caves at the Castle Rocks, Southland; with a Description of the Remains of the Existing and Extinct Birds found in them Trans. N.Z. Inst. XXV. 88–106 vii, and viii, vii.a, viib, vii.c, viid.
Hamilton, J. W. Notes on the Maori Traditions of the Moa Trans. N.Z. Inst. VII, 121, 122
Hector, Sir James On Recent Moa-remains in New Zealand. Supporting the recent extinction of the moa Trans. N.Z. Inst.
184–186, 221–288
Also translation in Globus XX. 60 1871.
" List of Human, Moa, and other Bones found on Miramar Peninsula Trans. N.Z. Inst. V. 431
" On the Modes of Occurrence of the Moa-bones in New Zealand Nature XII. 441
" On Moa-feathers Trans. N.Z. Inst. XII. 439
" Remarks on some Bones recently discovered by H.T. Warton in Caves at Highfield, Canterbury Trans. N.Z. Inst XV. 526
" Notice of an Egg of the Great Moa (D, giganteus), containing Remains of an Embryo, found in the Province of Otago, New Zealand Proc. Zool. Soc. (Dec. 12,1865) 991, 992 1867.
" Notes on the Moa-bones in the New Zealand Exhibition of 1865, Communicated by W. N, Flower Proc. Zool. Soc. (Dec, 12,1865) 749–751 1865.
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Hector, Sir James Dunedin Exhibition Catalogue (No. 682) Turbary bones exhibited, from Oamaru and Otepopo, and moa-bones from Maori camps, Waikonaiti and Clutha Individual skeleton ofD. struthioides from Botanical Gardens, Dunedin, Mention of the York Moa, p. 262 261 1866.
" Remarks on the Extinction of the Moa Trans. N.Z. Inst. XXV. 555–558
Hewlett Described various bones of moa discovered in New Zealand in the same oven as those of a pig British Assoc. meeting 1865, Sec. D, Subsec. D, Journal of Science 746 1865.
Hill, H. Discovery of Fossil Moa-feathers in Rocks of Pliocene Age Trans, N.Z. Inst. XXI. 318–320
Hincks, Professor (of Toronto) On the Systematic Position of Struthious Birds 1864.
Hitchcock Supposed Nest of the Moa Ann. Nat. Hist. XIV. 310
Hochstetter, F. von. Neu-Seeland: chap. 21, with a restoration of moa 438 Woodcut 1863.
" New Zealand—Kiwi and moa 173–198
Appendix: Dimensions of species 198
Two woodcuts of D. ingens and plans of caves in the Aorere Valley, Nelson, List of localities at which moa-bones had been found is given 64, 65
Stuttgart edition 1867.
London edition 1868.
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Hochstetter, F. von, and Petermann Geology of New Zealand. In lecture on geology of Nelson 54, 99, 100 1864.
Ditto Geologie von Neu-Seeland (“Novara” Exped.). Notices moa gizzard-stones Geologischer Theil 1 Band 1 Abth. 72 1864.
Hutton, Captain F.W. On the Microscopical Structure of the Egg of the Moa Trans, N.Z. Inst. IV. 166, 167 1871.
Ditto On some Moa-feathers Trans, N.Z. Inst. IV. 172, 173. 1871.
Hutton, Captain Notice of the Earnscleugh Cave, with Trans, N.Z. Inst. VII. 138–144 1875.
F.W., and Coughtrey, M. Remarks on some of the more Remarkable Moa-remains found in it by Professor M. Coughtrey Proc. N.Z. Inst. 542
Ditto Description of some Moa-remains from the Knobby Ranges, by—with Anatomical Notes by Millen Coughtrey Trans. N.Z. Inst. VII. 266–273 1875.
Hutton, Captain F.W. On the Dimensions of Dinornis Bones Trans. N.Z. Inst. VII. 274–278 1875.
Ditto Notes on the Maori Cooking-places at the Mouth of the Shag River (with Moa-remains) Trans. N.Z. Inst. VIII. 103–108
" Remarks on Dr. Von Haast's Classification of the Moas IX. 363–365 1877.
" The Moas of New Zealand Trans. N.Z. Inst. XXIV. 93–172
" On Anomalopteryx antiqua Trans N.Z. Inst. XXV. 14–16
" On New Species of Moa Trans. N.Z. Inst. XXV. 6–13
" On the Number of Cervical Vertebra in Dinornis Ann. and Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 5 I. 407–409
" Note on the Number of Cervical Vertebræ in D. robustus (twenty or twenty-one) Ann. and Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 5 II. 494
" On the Origin of the Fauna and Flora of New Zealand. The Development of the Species of Moa N.Z. Jour. of Science II., pts. 1, 6 1884.
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Hutton, Captain F.W. On the Origin of the Struthious Birds of Australasia Proc. Aust. Assoc. Adv. Sc., Hobart 1892.
Hutton, Captain F.W., and Lydekker The History of the Moas, or Extinct Flightless Birds of New Zealand: Reprint of a newspaper article, with introduction by editor Natural Science 588–592 1892.
Huxley, T.H. The History of Birds Proc. Royal Inst. VIII. 347–348
Jaeger, Dr. G. VI. Berichts über einen fast volkstandigen Schädel von Palapteryx. Voyage of the “No-vara” 305–318 xxv., xxvi. 1864.
In the “Paläontologie von Neu-Seeland” of “The Voyage of the ‘Novara’” Geolog. Theil, Paläontologie 1 Bd. 2Abth.
Lartet Letter on Bones (of Moa) from Wai-ngongoro to Sir John Lubbock Nat. Hist. Review, July, 1862 344 1862.
Liversidge An Analysis of Moa-egg Shell Trans. N.Z. Inst. XIII. 225–227
Lubbock, Sir John Notes on the Co-existence of Man with the Dinornis in New Zealand (quoting letter from M. Lartet) Nat. Hist. Review. 343 July, 1862.
Lydekker, R. Catalogue of the Fossil Birds in the British Museum 219–351 1891.
" The History of the Moa Natural Science 593–595 1892.
McDonnell The Ancient Moa-hunters at Wai-ngongoro Trans. N.Z. Inst. XXI. 411–438
Discussion on above paper Proc. N.Z. Inst. 504–507
McKay, A. On the Identity of the Moa-hunters with the Present Maori Race Trans. N.Z. Inst.
Proc. N.Z. Inst.
VII. 98–105
" On a Deposit of Moa-bones near Motunau, North Canterbury Trans. N.Z. Inst. XIV. 410–414 1882.
Mactier, A. Note on the Discovery of Moa-remains at Awhitu Proc. N.Z. Inst. X. 552
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Mair, G. On the Antiquity of the Moa. Abstract only Trans. N.Z. Inst. XXV. 534, 535
Mair, W.G. On the Disappearance of the Moa Trans. N.Z. Inst. XXII. 70–75
Maning, F.E. Extract from a Letter by—relative to the Extinction of the Moa Trans. N.Z. Inst. VIII. 102 1876.
Mantell, G.A., and Deane, J. Correspondence on the Ornithichorites of the Connecticut River Sandstones and the Dinornis of New Zealand Silliman's Journal XLV. 177–188 1843.
Mantell, G.A. A Pictorial Atlas of Fossil Remains: Plate of a foot of a moa from Waikouaiti. (Frontispiece) 1850.
The Moa or Dinornis of New Zealand 172
" Notices of the Fossil Bones of the Ancient Birds of New Zealand Silliman's Journal V. 431 1848.
" Notice of Remains of the Dinornis and Other Birds, and of Fossils and Rock Specimens collected in the Middle Island of New Zealand; with Additional Notes on the Northern Island: with a Note on the Fossiliferous Deposits in the Middle Island, by Edward Forbes Geol. Soc. Journ. VI. 319–343 1850.
" The Moa and Dr. Mantell. Note by the Reviewer in a review of Professor Owen's works to that date. (See Colenso's reply, Trans. N.Z. Inst., 1892) Quart. Review 404 Mar., 1852.
" Additional Remarks on the Geological Position of the Deposits in New Zealand which contain Bones of Birds Quart. Journ. Geol. Soc. IV. 238 No. 15, Feb., 1848.
See also presidential address Quart. Journ. Geol. Soc. xxxvi. and xxxvii.
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Mantell, G.A. On the Fossil Remains of Birds collected in various Parts of New Zealand by Mr. Walter Mantell, of Wellington Geol. Soc. Journal. IV. 225–241
Silliman's Journal VII. 28–44 1849.
Mantell, Reg. Neville On the Probable Age of the Deposits containing the Remains of the Extinct Colossal Birds in New Zealand Amer. Assoc. Proc. 252–254 1850.
Mantell, W.B.D. Address on the Moa Trans. N.Z. Inst. I. 5–7 1868.
" Mentions an Extant Legend of a Native having killed a Moa and taken Skin to Hawaiki Trans. N.Z. Inst. V. 424
" The Geology of New Zealand. At Mokau—numerous caves, in some of which bones of the moa have been found N.Z. Magazine I. (No. 2) April, 1850.
" Notes from the South: Moa-remains at Kakanui N.Z. Spectator Aug. 27, 1853.
Maskell, W.M. Review of a Paper on the Moa by M. A. de Quatrefages, 13th September, 1884 Trans. N.Z. Inst. XVII. 448
Published in full N.Z. Jour. of Science II. (No. 7) 315 Jan., 1885.
Milne-Edwards, A. Recherches, &c., à l'Histoire des Oiseaux Fossiles de la France I. II. 13 604–607
Moore, J.M. Bones from the Abbey Caves, Wha-ngarei, North Island of New Zealand Proc. Liverpool Nat. Hist. Soc. 59,60 1888.
Moore, L. The Moa and its Hunters. Title only. Proc. N.Z. Inst. XXI. 527
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Murison, W. D. Notes on Moa-remains Trans. N.Z. Inst. IV. 120–124 1872.
Discussion on the paper 413
Nathusius Eggshell of Dinornis Zeitschrift für Wiss. Zool. 1871.
Newton, A. On the Nomenclature of the Group of Ratitæ (III. Megistanes; IV., Immanes) Ann. and Mag. Nat. Hist., sec. 4 XX. 499
" Article: Birds Encyc. Brit., 9th ed. III. 731
" Also under Dinornis Encyc. Brit., 9th ed. VII. 243
Owen, Sir R. Notice of a Fragment of the Femur of a Gigantic Bird of New Zealand. (Nov. 12,1839) Zool. Soc. Proc. VII. 169–171 1839.
Ann. Nat. Hist. V. 166–168 1840.
Zool. Soc. Trans. III. 29–32 iii. 1849.
Extinct Birds of New Zealand I. 72
" Notice of Owen's lecture at Cork at the meeting of the British Association Illustrated London News III.
Aug. 26, 1843.
Sept. 2, 1843.
Report of Brit. Assoc. xxviii. Aug., 1843.
" On Dinornis novæ-zealandiæ (Jan. 24,1843). Name proposed at this date was Megalornis: this was changed before the paper was printed Zool. Soc. Proc. XI. 8–10,
Ann. Sci. Nat. (Zool.) 188, 189 1844.
Ann. Nat. Hist. XII. 444–446 1843.
" Letter (Feb. 14,1843) proposing to substitute the name of Dinornis for that of Megalornis, applied to the great bird of New Zealand, in his paper read at the previous meeting Proc. Zool. Soc. XI. 19 Feb. 14, 1843.
" On the Extinct Mammals of Australia, with Additional Observations on the Genus Dinornis of New Zealand Silliman's Journal. I. 129,130 1846.
" OnDinornis. Part I. Nov.28,1843) Zool. Soc. Trans. III. 235–275 18–30 1849.
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Owen, Sir R. On Dinornis: An Extinct Genus of Tridactyle Struthious Birds, with Descriptions of Portions of the Skeleton of Five Species which formerly existed in New Zealand Extinct Birds of New Zealand I. 73–113 18–30
" Part II. (June 23, 1846) Zool. Soc. Trans. III. 307–330 38–48
" On Dinornis Containing description of portions of the skull, the sternum, and other parts of the skeleton of the species previously determined, with osteological evidences of three additional species, and of a new genus, Palapteryx. (Table of admeasurements) Zool. Soc. Proc. XIV. 46–49 1846.
Froriep, Notizen I. col.305–307 1847.
Extinct Birds of New Zealand I. 115–136
" Part III (Jan. 11, 1843). Dinornis. Containing a description of the skull and beak of that genus, and of the same characteristic parts of Palapteryx and two other genera of birds, Notornis and Nestor, forming part of an extensive series of ornithic remains discovered by Mr. Walter Mantell at Waingongoro, North Island of New Zealand In Extinct Birds, the name of the Ralline skull altered to Aptornis Zool, Soc. Trans. III. 345–378 52–56
Zool. Soc. Proc. XVI. 1–11 1848.
Froriep. Notizen VIII. col.209–218 1848.
Extinct Birds of New Zealand 180–183 43,44, 45
Extinct Birds of New Zealand I. 173–178 lxvii.
" On Dinornis. Containing the restoration of the feet of that genus, and of Palapteryx, with a description of the sternum in Palapteryx and Aptornis. Part IV. (Feb. 26, 1850) Zool. Soc. Trans. IV., pt. 1 1–20 1–4 1862.
Extinct Birds of New Zealand I. 187–204 50–51
– 247 –
" Dinornis Part V, (Nov. 12, 1850). Containing a description of the skull and beak of a large species of Dinornis, of the cranium of an immature specimen of D. giganteus(?), and of crania of species of Palapteryx Zool. Soc. Trans. IV., pt. 2 59–68 xxiii., 1862
Zool. Soc. Proc. 208–212 1850.
Extinct Birds of New Zealand I. 205–214 lii., liii.
" On Dinornis. Part VI. (Nov. 14, 1854). Containing a description of the bones of the leg of Dinornis (Palapteryx) struthioides, and of D. gracilis, Owen, with woodcut of section between Wanganui and Turakina Zool. Soc. Trans. IV., pt. 4. 141–147 xli., xlii. 1862.
Zool. Soc. Proc. XXII. 244–248 1854.
Extinct Birds of New Zealand I. 215–222 liv., lv. (woodcut)
" On Dinornis Part VII. (April 8, 1856). Containing a description of the bones of the leg and foot of Dinornis elephantopus, Owen Zool. Soc. Trans. IV., pt.5. 149–189 xliii.-xlv. 1862
Zool. Soc. Proc. XXIV. 54–61 1856.
Extinct Birds of New Zealand I. 223–235 lvi.-lxi.
" On Dinornis. Part VIII. (April 8, 1856), Containing a description of the skeleton of Dinornis elephantopus, Owen. This paper does not seem to have been noticed in the Proceedings Zool. Soc. Trans. IV. 159–164 xlvi., xlvii.
Zool. Soc. Proc.
Extinct Birds of New Zealand I 223–235 lxvi., lxx.
" On Dinornis. Part IX. (Dec. 13, 1864). Containing a description of the skull, atlas, and scapulo-coracoid bone of D. robustus, Owen. Figures part of the York skeleton and the Crystal Palace moa, from near Timaru Zool. Soc. Trans. V., pt.5 337–358 liii.-lvi. 1866.
Zool. Soc. Proc. 648 1864.
Extinct Birds of New Zealand I. 151 lxii-lxv. (woodcuts)
– 248 –
Owen, Sir R. On Dinornis. Part X.(May 23, 1865). Zool. Soc. Trans. V. 395–404 63–67
Containing a description of part of the skeleton of a flightless bird, indicative of a new genus and species (Cnemiornis calcitrans, Owen), also from Timaru fissure. Mentions having corrected his identification of Aptornis skull Zool. Soc. Proc. 438 1865.
" On Dinornis. Part XI. (Nov. 28, 1867). Containing a description of the integument of the sole and tendons of a toe of the foot of D. robustus, Owen (York moa) Zool. Soc. Trans. VI., pt. 8 495, 496 lxxxviii. 1869.
Zool. Soc. Proc. 891 1867.
Extinct Birds of New Zealand I. 248, 249 lxxi.
" On Dinornis. Part XII. (Nov. 28, 1867). Containing a description of the femur, tibia, and metatarsus of D. maximus, Owen Zool. Soc. Trans. VI. 497–500 89, 90 1869.
Zool. Soc. Proc. 891 1867.
Extinct Birds of New Zealand I. 250–252 lxxix., lxxx.
" On Dinornis. Part XII. (June 25, 1868). Containing a description of the sternum in D. elephantopus and D. rheides, with notes on that bone in D. crassus and D. casuarinus Zool. Soc. Trans. Vii., pt. 2 115–122 vii., viii., ix. 1870.
Zool. Soc. Proc. 404 1868.
Extinct Birds of New Zealand I. 254–260 lxxii.-lxxiv.
" On Dinornis. Part XIV. (Jan. 28, 1869). Containing contribution to the craniology of the genus, with a description of the fossil cranium of Dasonis londinensis, Owen, from the London clay of Sheppey Zool. Soc. Trans. VII., pt. 2 123–150 x.-xvi. 1872.
Zool. Soc. Proc. 59 1869.
Extinct Birds of New Zealand I. 262–287 lxxv.-lxxxii.
– 249 –
" On Dinornis. Part XV. (March 10, 1870). Containing a description of the skull, femur, tibia, fibula, and metatarsus of Aptornis defossor, Owen, from near Oamaru, Middle Island, New Zealand; with additional observations on Aptornis didiformis, on Notornis mantellii, and on Dinornis curtus. Found in a cave of soft sand about fourteen miles from Oamaru Zool. Soc. Trans. VII., pt. 5 353–380 xl.-xliv. 1872.
Zool. Soc. Proc. 128 1870.
Extinct Birds of New Zealand I. 290–316 lxxxiii.-lxxxvi.
" On Dinornis. Part XVI. (May 26, 1870). Containing notices of the internal organs of some species, with a description of the brain and some nerves and muscles of the head of Apteryx australis Zool. Soc. Trans. VII., pt. 5 381–396 xlv.-xlvii. Jan., 1871.
Zool. Soc. Proc. 334 1878
Extinct Birds of New Zealand I. 326–333 xci., xcii., xciii.
" On Dinornis. Part XVII. (June 6, 1871). Containing a description of the sternum and pelvis, with an attempted restoration of Aptornis defossor, Owen Zool. Soc. Trans. VIII., pt. 3 119–126 xiv.-xvi. Sept., 1872.
Zool. Soc. Proc. 506 1871.
Extinct Birds of New Zealand I. 339–346 lxxxviii., lxxxix., xciv.
" On Dinornis. Part XVIII. (May 7, 1872). Containing a description of the pelvis and bones of the leg of D. gravis. In the “Extinct Birds of New Zealand” is table of measurements of bones of the legs of the (then) known species Zool. Soc. Trans. VIII., pt. 6 361–380 lviii.-lxi. May, 1873.
Zool. Soc. Proc. 605 1872.
Extinct Birds of New Zealand I. 347, 356–364 xli., xli.a, xlii., xlii.a
" On Dinornis. Part XIX. (June 4, 1872). Containing a description of a femur indicative of a new genus of large wingless bird (Dromornis australis, Owen) from a Post-tertiary deposit in Queensland, Australia Zool. Soc. Trans. VIII. 381–384 lii., liii.
Zool. Soc. Proc. 682 1872.
Extinct Birds of New Zealand I. (Ap.) 1–7
– 250 –
Owen, Sir R. On Dinornis. Part XX. (December, 2, 1873), Containing a restoration of the skeleton of Cnemiornis calcitrans, Owen, with remarks on its affinities in the Lamellirostral group Zool. Soc. Trans. IX., pt. 3 253–272 xxxv.-xxxix. May, 1875.
Zool. Soc. Proc. 763 1873.
Extinct Birds of New Zealand I. 365–384 ci., cii., ciii., civ., xcv.
" On Dinornis. Part XXI. (June 15, 1875). (Harpagornis.) Memoir on the bones of the trunk and limbs of a gigantic bird of prey (H. moorei, Von Haast) Zool, Soc, Proc. 470 1875.
Extinct Birds of New Zealand I. 141 cv., cvi., cvii.
" On Dinornis. Part XXII. (Dec, 2, 1875). Containing a restoration of the skeleton of Dinornis maximus, Owen, with an appendix on additional evidence of the genus Dinornis in Australia. Zool. Soc. Trans. X., pt. 3 147–188 xxxi.-xxxiii. Oct. 1, 1877
Zool. Soc. Proc. 634 1875.
Extinct Birds of New Zealand I. 391–426 Woodcut, xcvii.
I.(Ap.) 1–4 c.
This paper is really No. 22 of the series, though called Part XXI., at p. 147 of vol. x., Zool. Soc. Trans. PI. xcvii. of “Extinct Birds of New Zealand” gives the restored skeleton, with Professor Owen standing beside it
" On Dinornis. Part XXIII. (Jan. 3, 1882). Containing a description of the skeleton of Dinornis parva, Owen, found in a cave forty miles north-west of Nelson Zool. Soc. Trans. XI., pt.8, No.1 233–254 li.-viii. Jan., 1883.
Zool. Soc. Proc. I. 1882.
– 251 –
" On Dinornis. Part XXIV, (June 20, 1882). Containing a description of the head and feet, with the dried integument of an individual of the species D. didinus, Owen. The Queenstown specimen said to be noticed in the Tuapeka Times of Nov., 1878 Zool. Soc. Trans. XI., pt.8, No. 4 257–261 59–61 Jan, 1883.
" On Dinornis. Part XXV. (March 18, 1884), Containing a description of the sternum of Dinornis. elephantopus Zool. Soc. Trans. XII., pt.1, No. 1 1–3 i. Feb., 1886.
" Dinornis australis Quart, Journ, Geol, Soc. L. XII. 111 iii. Aug., 1856.
" Also Extinct Birds of New Zealand I.(App.) 5–7 cxviii.
" Memoir on Gastornis, with characters of Dinornis Quart, Journ, Geol. Soc. L. XII. 111 iii, fig.2 1856.
" Report of lecture on wingless birds, by— Athenæum No. 850.
" See also Quarterly Review 402 No. 90.
" Memoirs on the Extinct Wingless Birds of New Zealand. 2 vols. 1879.
" Remarks on Dr. Haast's letter re discovery of cooking-places, &c., in Canterbury Zool. Soc. Proc. 53–57 1870.
" Note on a New Locality of Dinornithidæ (Hamilton Swamp) Zool. Soc. Proc. Feb. 1,1875.
" Memoir on the eggs of species of Dinornis Extinct Birds of New Zealand I. 317–320 cxvii., xcix.
" Restoration of D. gravis Extinct Birds of New Zealand I. 385–387 cx.
" Restoration of D. robustus Extinct Birds of New Zealand I. 388–390 cxvi.
– 252 –
Owen, Sir R. Course and of Variation in species of Dinornis. Gives a review of the generic characters of Dinornis, and a table of admeasurements of seven species Extinct Birds of New Zealand I 427–435 cviii.-cxiii.
" On the Integument and Plumage of Dinornis, with woodcut of feather Extinct Birds of New Zealand I 440–450 cxiv.
" On the Ornithichorites, or Footprints of Dinornis Extinct Birds of New Zealand I. 451–453 cxvi.
" On the Food, Nests, and Traditions of the Moas (Dinornis) and on the Extinction and Origin of the Species of Dinornis Extinct Birds of New Zealand I. 454–465
Parker, Dr. T. J. On a Specimen of D. casuarinus found at Green Island Proc. N.Z. Inst. XXI. 523
" On the Presence of a Crest of Feathers in certain Species of Moa Trans N.Z. Inst. XXV. 3–6
" Additional Note on the Presence of a Crest of Feathers in some Species of Moa Trans. N.Z. Inst. XXV. 539
" On the Classification and Mutual Relationships of the Dinornithidæ Trans N.Z. Inst. XXV. 1–3
" On the Cranial Osteology, Classification, and Phylogeny of the Dinornithidæ Trans. Zool. Soc.
Proc. Zool. Soc. Feb. 14, 1893.
Nature 431 Mar.2, 1893.
Parker, W. K. On the Struthious Skull Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc 163–170 1866.
" On the Shoulder-girdle Publ. Ray Soc. 189, 190 1868.
Plant, John Footprints of Dinornis, Bones of Dinornis and Dodo Proc. Lit. and Phil. Soc., Manchester XVI. 181,182 1877.
– 253 –
Polack, J.S. New Zealand. (See note about moa) I. 303,307,308 1838.
Purnell, C. W. The Maori and the Moa Victorian Review. I. 570–586 1880.
Pyke, Vincent On the Moa, and the Probable Cause of its Extinction, Also in pamphlet form, published at Evening Post Office, Wellington Trans. N.Z. Inst. XXIII. 627 July, 1890.
Quatrefages, A. de Les Moas et les Chasseurs de Moa Journal des Savants 1883.
See also Pop. Sci. Monthly XXX. 662
" Translation of above by Miss Buller Trans. N.Z. Inst. XXV. 17–49
Reichenbach Avium Systema Naturale 34,35
" Das Naturliche System der Vögel XXX. 1849–1850.
Roberts, W. H. S. Notes on the Moa Trans. N.Z. Inst. VIII. 548, 549
Robson, C. H. Notes on Moa-remains in the Vicinity of Cape Campbell Trans. N.Z. Inst. VIII. 95–97
Discussion on above Proc. N.Z. Inst. 413
" Further Notes on Moa-remains Trans. N.Z. Inst. IX. 279,280
Rowley, C. H. Dinornis: Figures of Moa-stones and Eggshells. Plate of eggs of D. ingens and D. crassus Ornithological Miscellany III. 240 1878.
" Remarks on the Gigantic Extinct Birds of Madagascar and New Zealand Ornithological Miscellany III. 237–247 cxii, cxv.
Rule, Mr. Cites tradition of giant eagle, or movie Polytechnic Journal July, 1843.
Russell, J.C. The Gigantic Birds of New Zealand, with Author's Experience of Moacaves Amer. Naturalist. XI. 11–21 1877
Rutland, Joshua. Did the Maori know the Moa? Jour. Polynesian Soc. II., No. 3 156 1893.
Sclater, P.L. On the Struthionidæ Zool. Soc. Trans. IV. 72
– 254 –
Smith, Charles Notes as to Position of Moa-bones in New Zealand Geol. Maga. I., ser.3 129 1886.
Smith, W. W. On Moa and other Remains from the Tengawai River, Canterbury N.Z. Journal of Science II. 293 1884.
Stack, Rev. J. W. Some Observations on the Annual Address of the President of the Philosophical Institute of Canterbury Trans. N.Z. Inst. IV. 107–110
" Notes on the Word “Moa,” in the Poetry of the New-Zealander Trans. N.Z. Inst. (Appendix) VII. xxviii., 1875.
Spencer, G. S. Dinornis sp.(?). Remains found at Waingongoro have undergone the process of cooking Zool. Soc. Proc. 638 1867.
Stevens, S. Dinornis ingens. An egg supposed to belong to this species exhibited Zool. Soc. Proc. 617,618 1865.
S. S. (Stevens, S.) Particulars of the finding of the Moaegg Zoologist 34. 1865.
" Discovery of Fossil Remains of a Gigantic Bird in New Zealand (probably Reptilian Remains) Zoologist 97 1865.
Taylor, Rev. Richard Note to a Paper on the Geology of New Zealand (Meurant's Moa of 1823) N.Z. Magazine I., 107 April, 1850.
Cf. Jardine's Contribution to Ornit [ unclear: ] n. 9 1851.
" Letter to Sir Everard Home (Feb. 14, 1844) re moa at Turakina. Bones at mouth of Whangaehu Owen's “Extinct Birds of New Zealand” I. 135
" An Account of the First Discovery of Moa-bones Trans. N.Z. Inst. V. 97–101
– 255 –
Taylor, Thomas Analysis of the Composition of Ostrich-and Dinornis-bones Extinct Birds of New Zealand I. 108
Thomson, Dr. A. S. Account of the Cave in which Recent Moa-remains were found Trans. N.Z. Inst. IV. 378,379 1872.
" Story of New Zealand. Figure of D. elephantopus 32
" Description of Two Caves in the North Island of New Zealand containing Bones of the Moa Edinburgh New Phil. Journal LVI. 268–295 1854.
Thomson, J. R. Notice of moa-bones in a report on the northern and interior districts of Otago Otago Witness Jan. 31,1858.
Thorne, G. Notes on the Discovery of Moa and Moa-hunters' Remains at Pataua River, near Whangarei Trans. N.Z. Inst. VIII. 83–94 1876.
Travers, W. T. L. Notes on the Extinction of the Moa, with a review of the discussion on the subject published in the Trans. N.Z. Inst. Trans. N.Z. Inst. VIII. 58–83 1876.
" Anniversary Address to the Wellington Philosophical Society, 2nd February, 1878. Discusses the date of the extinction of the moa Trans. N.Z. Inst. (Proc.) X. 539–544.
Tregear, E. The Maoris and the Moa Jour, Anthrop, Inst. XVII. 292–304 1888.
" The Extinction of the Moa Trans. N.Z. Inst. XXV. 413–426
Discussion on above Proc. N.Z. Inst. XXV. 530
Webber On certain Finds of Moa-bones Trans, N.Z. Inst. XVI. 571
Weetman, Sydney Notes on some Moa-remains found at the Great Barrier Island during February, 1886 Trans. N.Z. Inst. XIX. 193,194 xxii.
White, John History of the Maori: Extermination of the Moa III. 189 1881.
– 256 –
White, Taylor Notes on Moa-caves, &c., in the Wakatipu District Trans. N.Z. Inst. VIII. 97–102
" Remarks on the Feathers of Two Species of Moa Trans. N.Z. Inst. XVIII. 83,84
" On the Remains of the Moa in the Forest Trans. N.Z. Inst. XXV. 504,505
Williams, W. Letter to Dr. Buckland from Poverty Bay, New Zealand, 23th February, 1842, quoted by Owen in Extinct Birds of New Zealand I. 75
Williams, W.L. On the Occurrence of the Footprints of a large Bird found at Turanganui, Poverty Bay Trans. N.Z. Inst. IV. 124–127 1872.
Wonfor, T.W. On Wingless Birds Brighton Nat. Hist. Soc., 22nd Ann. Rep. 50,51
Anon. Note on the Existence of Man with the Dinornis in New Zealand Nat. Hist. Review. VII. 343 1862.
" The Last of the Moas Chamber's Journal XLI. 115 1864.
" Living Moa at Nelson Wanganui Chronicle May 20,1858.
Otago Witness Oct. 2, 1858.
" Dr. Nelson's supposed Moa-bones at Mount Brown Otago Witness Jan. 12, 1858.
" Moa-feathers (Eben. Baker's) Otago Witness Apr. 5, 1873.
" Report of the Discovery of a Live Moa in the Waiau District Otago Daily Times Apr. 16, 1873.
" Moa-skeleton found in Old Botanic Gardens, South Dunedin (D. casuarinus) Otago Daily Times Mar. 30, 1864.
– 257 –
" Moa found at Queenstown in the Garvie Mountains by Mr. Wilmot during 1884 New Zealand Journal of Science II. 394.
" Moa's egg Ravenscraig (Mount Fyffe specimen), Bought by British Museum, £120 Otago Witness quotes from Australasian Feb. 10 and Mar. 31, 1866.
" Skeleton of Moa, Mr. Squire, of Lawrence (says Tuapeka Times) purchased the moa found at Queenstown, (Description given) Otago Daily Times Nov. 27, 1878.
" Moa-bones, with skin and flesh, presented to the Clyde Athenæum by Mr. Sims Otago Daily Times Nov. 8, 1878.
" The Moa Bird. or Dinornis Chambers's Journal LIV. 578 1877.
" Otago Museum Catalogue. Guide to collections. See Moa 1878.
" Progress of Comparative Anatomy. See note by Reviewer re moa-bones, and Rev. W. Colenso, &c. (pp. 401–405) Quarlerly Review XC. 362–413 March, 1852.
" Gold-felder and Fossile Knochen in Neu-Seeland Ausland No. 14 1860.
" Woodcut of dried skin of leg and toes in Otago Museum Nature Feb. 11, 1875.
Copied from La Nature
And said to have been sent by Haast to Milne-Edwards, Again reproduced by Buller in 2nd edition of “Birds of New Zealand.”