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Volume 26, 1893
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Otago Institute.

First Meeting: 9th May, 1893.
Dr. T. M. Hocken, President, in the chair.

After, a few introductory remarks, Dr. Hocken was called away; and Mr. C. W. Adams, Vice-president, made a speech welcoming the members and their friends, and on behalf of the society offered a hearty welcome to Professor T. J. Parker on his return from a visit to England.

A number of interesting exhibits were displayed in the biological laboratory, notably a beautiful specimen of an albatros in the down, and some of the specimens acquired for the Museum in England by Dr. Parker. A special exhibit was a collection of bird-skins from the Chatham Islands, containing a pair of the extremely rare rail (Cabalus), and a number of scarce birds. With these was a collection of over a dozen well-finished stone axes and tools, with grinding-stones, found in one place at the Chatham Islands. As the Museum was unable to afford the money necessary for the purchase of these collections, a subscription list was started, and the Council of the Institute supplemented the amount collected by a grant, which enabled the Curator to secure the specimens for the Museum.

It was announced during the meeting that the Council had received a letter from Mr. G. M. Thomson, F.L.S., drawing attention to the inactivity of the Government in the matter of setting aside Resolution Island as a sanctuary for native birds, and that the Council had appointed a committee to confer with the Otago Acclimatisation Society as to the best mode of forwarding the matter.

The following gentlemen were elected members of the Institute: Thomas Mackenzie, Balclutha; Murray Aston, St. Leonards; W. Shacklock, Dunedin.

Second Meeting: 13th June, 1893.
Dr. T. M. Hocken, President, in the chair.

Dr. J. H. Scott read a paper entitled “Contributions to the Osteology of the Maori and Moriori Races: Part I.”

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(Transactions, p. 1.) Diagrams and specimens illustrating the paper were exhibited.

Dr. T. J. Parker read a paper on the occurrence of a rare fish at St. Clair—Lophotes cepedianus—a genus and species new to New Zealand, this being the third known specimen, the other two having been recorded from the Mediterranean and the Sea of Japan. (Transactions, p. 223.)

Mr. Hamilton, the Honorary Secretary, exhibited some material, mainly broken tubes of scapulæ and fragments of barnacles, dredged by Captain Fairchild south of the Bounty Islands, in 110 fathoms. The shells contained were of about thirty species, all small, and mainly shallow-water forms.

The President announced that Mr. D. Petrie, F.L.S., had presented a copy of Dr. Berggren's work on “Azolla,” in German and Swedish, to the library; that the Council had forwarded an order for books for the library to England, and had taken steps to complete the set of “‘Challenger’ Reports.”

New Members.—T. N. Brown, Roslyn; Alexander Thomson, Dunedin.

Third Meeting: 11th July, 1893.
Dr. T. M. Hocken, President, in the chair.

Mr. D. Petrie, F.L.S., presented a paper “On some Newly-discovered Native Plants.” (Transactions, p. 266.)

Mr. Petrie gave a popular account of the species described in detail in the paper, together with observations on their habitats, &c. In the discussion which followed, the President took the opportunity of informing the members that the Council had resolved once again to approach the Government to induce them to print a new edition of “The Flora of New Zealand,” and thus to render accessible to botanical students the descriptions of the large number of species discovered since the original edition was published.

Dr. Parker then exhibited some models of restorations of extinct animals recently added to the Museum collection.

Two species of fish received lately by the Museum from this neighbourhood were shown—Congromuræna habentata and Brama raii.

Mr. Hamilton read the first part of a paper on the modes of burial formerly observed among the inhabitants of New Zealand.

The President notified that Dr. Belcher would be unable to deliver his lecture on “Sophokles” at the next meeting, as previously announced.

New Members.—Dr. Gordon Macdonald, A. McNicol, J. E. Tennant, J. H. Hoskings.

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Fourth Meeting: 12th August, 1893.
Dr. T. M. Hocken, President, in the chair.

Dr. Parker exhibited, and gave an interesting popular lecture on, a large number of natural-history specimens (preserved in spirit), and also models of botanical specimens (very greatly enlarged). A large number of members and their friends were present. The meeting-room, having recently been re-seated, was found much more convenient than on former occasions when a number have been present.

It was announced that the large and expensive work by Cooke on British fungi had been purchased for the library.

Fifth Meeting: 19th September, 1893.
Mr. C. W. Adams, Vice-president, in the chair.

Mr. A. Wilson, M.A., read an interesting account of his observations on the phases of bird-life observed by him in his garden and in his daily walks through the Town Belt. The birds mentioned were nearly all introduced birds.

Mr. Melland and Dr. Parker both spoke on the paper, and expressed the hope that other members of the society would follow Mr. Wilson's example and record their observations on the animals or plants under their daily observation.

Dr. Parker then showed some models recently obtained for the Museum, illustrating the development of the chicken, and gave a most interesting lecturette on the points illustrated by the preparation.

It was announced that a catalogue of the library was now printed in connection with the catalogue of the Otago University.

Sixth Meeting: 10th October, 1893.
Dr. Hocken, President, in the chair.

The President read the third part of his description of the foundation and settlement of Canterbury, being No. 15 of the series of lectures on the early history of New Zealand, delivered during past sessions to members of the Institute. Maps and early pictures of the district were shown.

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Seventh Meeting: 14th November, 1893.
Dr. T. M. Hocken, President, in the chair.

Dr. Scott presented the second part of his paper, “Contributions to the Osteology of the Maori and Moriori Races.” (Transactions p. 1.)

Dr. Parker read a paper “On some Moa-skulls recently discovered at Enfield.” (Transactions, p. 223.)

The Honorary Secretary communicated a paper “On Earthworms,” by W. W. Smith, of Ashburton. (Transactions, p. 155.)

Dr. Parker communicated a paper “On the Pig-fish,” by A. Stenhouse, Dunedin. (Transactions, p. 111.)

Mr. Hamilton laid on the table a continuation of his paper in the Transactions of last year on the fissure at Castle Rock, and exhibited the series of bones of the male and female of Harpagornis lately recovered by him from the fissure. (Transactions, p. 226.)

Mr. Hamilton also laid on the table notes towards a bibliography of the moa. (Transactions, p. 229.)

Mr. Hamilton showed six kinds of living terrestrial orchids in flower found growing in the neighbourhood of Dunedin.

Mr. F. R. Chapman exhibited two spikes of Antherium from plants from the Auckland Islands, grown in his garden, and made a few remarks on the result of two years' cultivation of the plant in his garden.

New Member.—F. J. Heatly.

The annual general meeting was then held.

Abstract of Annual Report.

After giving details of the proceedings of the past year, the report goes on to say: “Early in the session, the Council had the question brought before them of again urging on the Government the desirability of taking steps to proceed with the subject of the Resolution Island reserve for native birds. A deputation was appointed, which, together with some of the members of the Acclimatisation Society, interviewed the Hon. Mr. Ward, who undertook to keep the matter in view. The Council trust that the matter will shortly be placed on a more satisfactory footing and a caretaker appointed, as no time should be lost in the matter.

“The Council presented a petition to Parliament through Mr. James Allen, again urging on the Government the desirability of printing a new ‘Flora of New Zealand.’ Several of the other societies have also forwarded similar requests, and it is hoped that the repeated recommendations of this society and the other branches of the New Zealand Institute may have the desired effect.

“A resolution was passed at the July meeting, That, at the end of this year, a report of the Council shall be printed, together with the rules, and such other information concerning the publications, books, &c., available to members as shall be thought necessary.”

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The balance-sheet showed a total receipt for the year of £92 8s., which, with the balance brought forward of £98 4s. 2d., made a sum of £190 12s. 2d. The credit balance forward this year was £72 17s. 9d.

Election of Officers for 1894.—President—E. W. Melland; Vice-presidents—Dr. T. M. Hocken, C. W. Adams; Treasurer—Professor F. B. de M. Gibbons; Secretary—A. Hamilton; Auditor—D. Brent; Council—F. R. Chapman, Dr. T. J. Parker, Dr. Belcher, Dr. Scott, G. M. Thomson, Dr. William Brown, Dr. Chilton.