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Volume 34, 1901

Philosophical Institute of Canterbury.

First Meeting: 1 st May, 1901.

Captain F. W. Hutton, President, in the chair.

New Member.—Miss N. A. Greensill.

Address.—Professor Dendy delivered an address on “Some Conditions of Progress.”

Second Meeting: 5th June, 1901.

Captain F. W. Hutton, President, in the chair.

New Members.—Rev. R. T. Mathews, Miss M. F. Olliver, M.A.

Address.—Mr. L. Cockayne delivered an address on “The Chatham Islands.”

The address was illustrated by a large series of lantern-slides from photographs taken by the lecturer to illustrate the characteristics of the vegetation of the islands, and by specimens of Moriori carving and other exhibits.

Third Meeting: 3rd July, 1901.

Captain F. W. Hutton, President, in the chair.

New Members.—Rev. J. Campbell, Mr. A. T. Pycroft.

Papers.—1. “On the Occurrence of Alepisaurus ferox on the Coast of New Zealand,” by Captain F. W. Hutton. (Transactions, p. 197.)

2. “On a Small Collection of Diptera from the Southern Islands of New Zealand,” by Captain F. W. Hutton. (Transactions, p. 169.)

Dr. Chilton explained the action taken by the Council to promote the publication of an “Index Faunæ Novæ-Zealandiæ”—i.e., a list of all species of animals recorded from New Zealand, with at least one reference for each species.

A petition prepared, asking the Governors of the New Zealand Institute to undertake the publication of the index, was laid on the table for signature.

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Captain F. W. Hutton exhibited specimens of graptolites from Preservation Inlet.

Dr. Chilton exhibited specimens of a fresh-water shrimp, Xiphocaris compressa, de Haan, from Norfolk Island.

Fourth Meeting: 7th August, 1901.
Captain F. W. Hutton, President, in the chair.

Address.—Professor Dendy delivered an address on “The Sense of Sight,” illustrated by numerous diagrams.

Dr. Chilton exhibited specimens of Schizopod Crustaceans (Euphansia and Nyctiphanes spp.) found at Sumner by Dr. Dendy, and made remarks upon their luminiferous organs.

Fifth Meeting: 5th September, 1901.

Mr. J. B. Mayne, Vice-president, in the chair.

Address.—Professor Arnold Wall, M.A., delivered an address on “Evolution in Literary Types,” and a discussion followed in which several of those present took part.

Sixth Meeting: 2nd October, 1901.
Captain F. W. Hutton, President, in the chair.

Address.—Dr. Charles Chilton delivered an address on “Learned Societies of Europe.”

Paper.—“Relics of the Moriori Race,” by Professor Arthur Dendy. (Transactions, p. 123.)

Seventh Meeting: 6th November, 1901.
Captain F. W. Hutton, President, in the chair.

Professor Dendy exhibited and made remarks upon a new type of pelagic hydroid recently obtained at Sumner.

Papers.—1. “The Beetles of the Auckland Islands,” by Captain F. W. Hutton. (Transactions, p. 175.)

2. “Additions to the Diptera Fauna of New Zealand,” by Captain F. W. Hutton. (Transactions, p. 179.)

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3. “On a New Fossil Pecten from the Chatham Islands,” by Captain F. W. Hutton. (Transactions, p. 196.)

4. “Revised List of New Zealand Seaweeds, Part II.,” by R. M. Laing, M.A. (Transactions, p. 327.)

5. “A Short Account of the Plant-covering of Chatham Island,” by L. Cockayne. (Transactions, p. 243.)

6. “Notes on the New Zealand Lamprey,” by Professor Dendy and Miss M. F. Olliver, M.A. (Transactions, p. 147.)

7. “Notes on the Breeding Habits of the Tuatara,” by James Ashley; communicated by Professor Dendy.

Abstract.

From some old notes I have recently come on I see I got a pair of tuataras on the 10th November, 1892. I kept them in a large cage, and noted that the female laid the following eggs: One on the 21st December, 1892, six on the 22nd, one on the 23rd, one on the 25th, and one on the 29th; total, ten. Not knowing anything of their habits, I took the eggs, which were about the size of pigeons' eggs, and with soft shells, and placed them in cotton wool in a window of my little workshop facing the sun. Some days afterwards I missed one, and later on another, so, thinking the children were taking them, I locked the place up, yet they went till I had none left. By this time, or at least whilst any were left, I noticed they had shrivelled up considerably. I then examined the nest and found unmistakable evidence of how they were going—viz., mice. I was sorry I could not hatch them, but probably I could not have done so in any case.

8. “Mites attacking Beetles and Moths,” by W. W. Smith. (Transactions, p. 199.)

9. “On a New Zealand Isotachis new to Science,” by E. S. Salmon; communicated by Robert Brown. (Transactions, p. 325.)

Annual Meeting: 2nd April, 1902.

Dr. W. P. Evans, Vice-president, in the chair.

New Member.—Miss Low.

Abstract of Annual Report.

Since the last annual meeting seven ordinary meetings have been held, at which twelve papers have been read. These papers may be classified as follows: Zoology, 7; botany, 3; geology, 1; anthropology, 1.

At several of the meetings addresses of more popular interest were delivered—viz., “Some Conditions of Progress,” by Professor Arthur Dendy; “The Chatham Islands,” by Mr. L. Cockayne; “The Sense of Sight,” by Professor Dendy; “Evolution in Literary Types,” by Professor Arnold Wall; “Learned Societies of Europe,” by Dr. Charles Chilton.

The attendance at the ordinary meetings has averaged 26.

The Council of the Institute has met eight times since the last annual meeting. During the year the Council drew up a petition urging upon the Governors of the New Zealand Institute the desirability of

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publishing an “Index Faunæ Novæ-Zealandiæ,” containing a list of all species of animals recorded from New Zealand, with at least one reference for each species, and suggesting that the index should be edited by Captain F. W. Hutton, who has already published numerous catalogues of the different zoological groups, and has a large amount of manuscripts, suitable for the index, already prepared. Copies of the petition were sent to the other Affiliated Societies, and were returned, numerously signed, by the Otago Institute and the Hawke's Bay Philosophical Institute. These, together with the petition from this Institute, were forwarded to the Governors of the New Zealand Institute. In due time a reply was received stating that the Governors had given the matter careful consideration, but, whilst appreciating the value and practical importance of such a work when complete, they “considered that its production at the present time would be premature, more particularly as the classification and nomenclature of the indigenous faunæ of New Zealand is at present undergoing active critical discussion by experts in Europe and America.”

During the year many books and periodicals have been bound. Besides the books added by purchase and by exchanges, a valuable donation, consisting of a set of the Journal of the Royal Microscopical Society, nearly complete, was received from the widow of the late Mr. H. R. Webb. A rearrangement has been made by which the various periodicals are now received direct from Messrs. Dulan and Co., of London.

Before the arrival of the Antarctic Exploration Expedition the Council urged upon the local authorities the desirability of welcoming and entertaining the members of the expedition. On their arrival in Lyttelton the members of the expedition were met and welcomed by the President and members of the Council, and during their stay they were entertained at a public dinner given conjointly by the Institute and the citizens of Christchurch.

The Hon. C. C. Bowen continues to represent the Institute on the Board of Governors of the New Zealand Institute, and the Council wishes to express the indebtedness of the Institute to him for his services. Thanks are also due to Mr. George Way, F.I.A.N.Z., for his valuable services as honorary auditor.

The total number of members of the Institute is now sixty-nine.

The balance-sheet shows that the subscriptions received amount to £66 13s.; £21 3s. 4d. has been spent on books and £16 18s. 3d. on printing and binding, and a new book-case has been added to the library at a cost of £10 5s. The balance in the bank to the credit of the Institute on the 31st December, 1901, was £29 15s. 8d., and the invested funds arising from life-members' subscriptions now amount to £79 10s. 6d.

Election of Officers for 1902.—President—J. B. Mayne, B.A.; Vice-presidents—C. C. Farr and A. E. Flower; Hon. Secretary and Treasurer—Dr. Charles Chilton; Council—Captain F. W. Hutton, Dr. W. P. Evans, R. M. Laing, L. Cockayne, R. Nairn, and Miss Olliver; Hon. Auditor—George Way, F.I.A.N.Z.

The address by the retiring President (Captain F. W. Hutton), on “Penguins and Petrels,” was postponed till next meeting.