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Volume 38, 1905
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Philosophical Institute of Canterbury.

First Meeting: 3rd May, 1905.
Dr. Farr, President, in the chair.

Dr. Chilton reported that he and Captain Hutton had attended the last meeting of the Board of Governors of the New Zealand Institute, and that Captain Hutton, F.R.S., had been elected President of the Institute for the current year.

Dr. Chilton then delivered his ex-presidential address on “Mimicry in Nature.”

Second Meeting: 7th June, 1905.
Mr. R. Speight, Vice-President, in the chair.

New Members.—Dr. W. Malcolm Thomason, Dr. A. C. Sandstein, Major Snow, Mr. F. hitchings, Mr. J. S. Jamieson, Mr. C. P. Powell, Mr. F. Clark, Mr. E. Kidson, Mr. G. Hurst Seager, and Mr. C. A. Seager.

Address.—Mr. R. Nairn gave an address on “Autumn Colouring of Leaves.”

Papers.—1. “Note on a Water-beetle found in Sea-water,” by Dr. Chilton. (Transactions, p. 63.)

2. “Note on the Occurrence of Metoponorthus pruinosus in New Zealand,” by Dr. Chilton. (Transactions, p. 64.)

3. “On a Skeleton of Emeus crassus from the North Island,” by Captain Hutton, F.R.S.; communicated by Dr. Chilton. (Transactions, p. 66.)

4. “On Crassatellites trailli,” by Captain Hutton, F.R.S.; communicated by Dr. Chilton. (Transactions, p. 65.)

5. “Notes on the Hemiptera of the ‘Index Faunæ-Novæ-Zealandiæ,’” by Mr. G. W. Kirkaldy; communicated by Dr. Chilton. (Transactions, p. 61.)

6. “The Combustion of Methane in the Presence of Palladium-Asbestos,” by Mr. H. G. Denham. (Transactions, p. 39.)

7. “The Technical Analysis of Coal and Coal-testing,” by Mr. A. M. Wright. (Transactions, p. 42.)

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Third Meeting: 5th July, 1905.
Dr. Farr, President, in the chair.

New Members.—Mrs. Carey Hill, Mr. R. English, Mr. F. E. Allen, Mr. C. K. Meredith-Kaye, Mr. J. Allen Mitchell, and Mr. P. L. Hallenstein.

Address.—Mr. E. G. Hogg, M.A., delivered an address on “Planetary Atmospheres.”

Papers.—1. “Notes on a Brief Botanical Visit to the Poor Knights Islands,” by Dr. Cockayne; communicated by Dr. Chilton. (Transactions, p. 351.)

2. “The Leaf Anatomy of some Characteristic Plants of the Southern Islands of New Zealand,” by Miss Herriott, M.A.; communicated by Dr. Chilton. (Transactions, p. 377.)

3. “Appendix to the List of Seaweeds of Norfolk Island,” by R. M. Laing, M.A., B.Sc. (Transactions, p. 424.)

Special Meeting: 28th July, 1905.
Dr. Farr, President, in the chair.

Address.—Professor Rutherford, F.R.S., delivered an address on “Radium and its Transformations,” illustrated by numerous experiments, before a crowded meeting of the Institute in Canterbury College Hall.

A vote of thanks to Professor Rutherford was proposed by Professor Easterfield, Victoria College, and seconded by Professor Evans, Canterbury College.

Fourth Meeting: 2nd Autust, 1905.
Dr. Farr. President, in the chair.

New Members.—Dr. Diamond, Mr. G. W. Hulme, Mr. E. Phillips Turner.

Address.—Professor Scott gave an address on “The Resistance of Steel to Mechanical Shock, and the Determination of Material suitable for Machinery.” (Transactions, p. 515.)

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Fifth Meting: 6th September, 1905.
Dr. Farr, President, in the chair.

New Members.—Dr Alice Moorhouse, Mr. W. Smith, and Mr. J. Bevan Brown.

Address.—Mr. E. F. Stead gave an address, illustrated by numerous lantern-slides, on “Bird Life in New Zealand.”

Papers.—1. “On a Specific Case of Leaf-variation in Coprosma baueri, Endl. (Rubiaceœ),” by Dr. Cockayne. (Transactions, p. 341.)

2. “On the Supposed Mount Bonpland Habitat of Celmisia lindsayi, Hook, f.,” by Dr. Cockayne. (Transactions, p. 346.)

3. “On the Common Tangents of Two Conics,” by Mr. E. G. Hogg, M.A.; communicated by Dr. Farr.

4. “Notes on Thermo-chemistry,” by Mr. S. Page.

Sixth Meeting: 4th October, 1905.
Dr. Farr, President, in the chair.

New Members.—Mr. Molyneux and Mr. W. R. B. Oliver.

Address.—Mr. F. Hitchings gave an address, illustrated by numerous charts, on “Sun-spots.”

Paper.—“The Distribution of the Rotifera in New Zealand,” by F. W. Hilgendorf, D.Sc.

Seventh Meeting: 1st November, 1905.
Dr. Farr, President, in the chair.

The President referred to the great loss sustained by the Institute in the death of Captain Hutton, F.R.S.

He moved the following resolution: “That the Philosophical Institute of Canterbury learns with profound regret the death of Captain F. W. Hutton, F.R.S., President of the New Zealand Institute, and desires to place on record its high appreciation of the many valuable services he has rendered to science, and its sense of the great loss caused by his death. Captain Hutton joined the Institute rather more than twenty-five years ago; he served almost continuously as a member of the Council, and on several occasions as Honorary Treasurer and President, and contributed in a very large degree to the growth and prosperity of the Institute, and at various times he rendered similar valuable services to the Otago Institute, the New Zealand Institute, the Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science, and other scientific bodies. By his long series of original contributions on the geology and zoology of New Zealand he established the knowledge of these subjects on a sure and permanent foundation, and made for himself a world-wide reputation as a geologist

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and zoologist, and by his researches on the origin of the fauna and flora of New Zealand he became a recognised authority on questions of bio-geography. In the various offices he held in connection with the Geological Survey of New Zealand, the Otago University and Museum, and Canterbury College and Museum, he faithfully and most efficiently discharged duties of great value to the colony, and has left an example worthy of imitation by all. That in offering to Mrs. Hutton and her family sincerest sympathy in their bereavement, the Institute trusts that they will derive some consolation from the fact that Captain Hutton has not lived and laboured in vain, and that the loss of his mature judgment and wide knowledge of New Zealand science will be felt not only by the whole colony, but by scientific men throughout the world,”

It was seconded by Dr. Chilton, and spoken to by Mr. Laing, Mr Mayne, Dr. Cockayne, Mr. Marriner, Mr. Speight, and Mr. Watkins.

The motion was carried in silence, all present standing.

The meeting then adjourned for one week.

Eighth Meeting: 8th November, 1905.
Dr. Farr, President, in the chair.

New Member.—Mr. E. Bartley.

Address.—Dr. F. W. Hilgendorf gave an address entitled “A Discussion of the Theories of the Formation of the Canterbury Plains and of the Influence of the Earth's Rotation on the Courses of the Canterbury Rivers.”

The address was illustrated by means of a model of the lower waimakariri Gorge, and by numerous diagrams of transverse sections of various Canterbury Rivers.

Annual Meeting: 6th December, 1905.
Dr. Farr, President, in the chair.

New Members.—Mr. A. C. Bowbyes, Mr. W. Wigley, Mr. P. McCallum.

Papers.—1. “On the Musci of New Zealand, with Descriptions of New Species (Genus Macromitrium),” by Mr. R. Brown.

2. “Report on some Crustacea dredged off the Coast of Auckland,” by Dr. Chilton. (Transactions, p. 265.)

3. “List of Crustacea from the Chatham Islands,” by Dr. Chilton. (Transactions, p. 269.)

4. “Description of a Species of Phreatoicus from the surface Waters of New Zealand,” by Dr. Chilton. (Transactions, p. 274.)

5. “Note on the Occurrence in New Zealand of Dipterous Insects belonging to the Family Blepharoceridœ,” by Dr. Chilton. (Transactions, p. 277.)

6. “Notes on the Sub-alpine Scrub of Mount Fyffe (Seaward Kaikouras),” by Dr. Cockayne. (Transactions, p. 361.)

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7. “On Introduced Birds,” by Mr. J. Drummond.

8. “A Theorem connecting Surface and Volume Integrals,” by Mr. E. G. Hogg, M.A.

9. “On Steiner's Quartic Surface,” by Mr. E. G. Hogg, M.A.

10. “On the Anatomy of Hyla aurea,” by Mr. G. R. Marriner. (Transactions, p. 257.)

Annual Report of Council.

The Council has met eight times since the last annual meeting of the Institute, and the average attendance of the members of the Council at such meetings has been eight.

The Council has to deplore the great loss it has sustained by the death of Captain Hutton, F.R.S. Owing to his absence from the colony, Captain Hutton's services were at the disposal of the Council for only a part of the year, but during the period he was able to attend the meetings his wide knowledge and mature judgment were—as for many years previously—of the greatest assistance to the Council in its conduct of the business of the Institute. The Council desires to place on record its high appreciation of the service rendered by Captain Hutton to science in New Zealand, and to the Philosophical Institute of Canterbury in particular.

The scientific event of the greatest interest during the year was the visit of Professor Rutherford, F.R.S. The Institute co-operated with Canterbury College in welcoming him to Christchurch at a conversazione held in the College hall on the 24th July, and on the evening of Friday, the 28th July, Professor Rutherford delivered, under the auspices of the Institute, in the same hall, a lecture on “Radium and its Transformations,” which attracted a crowded audience.

During the year the Council has been in correspondence with the Government and other branches of the New Zealand Institute on the subject of the preservation of the native fauna and flora of the outlying islands of New Zealand, with special reference to the Campbell and Auckland Groups. The result of the correspondence has not been satisfactory, but the Council trusts that the matter may be revived at some future time, and certain islands be set apart as preserves for the native fauna and flora.

Large additions have been made during the year to the library in different branches of science, and the scientific journals taken by the Institute have been increased in number. The Council is of opinion that the members of the Institute do not by any means take full advantage of the really valuable scientific library which is at their disposal.

During the year twenty-eight new members of the Institute have been elected, and the total membership is now 124, including five life members. The average attendance at the meetings has been fifty. Seven addresses have been given, and twenty-four papers have been read. The latter may be classified as follows: Botany, 7; chemistry, 3; mathematics, 3; zoology, 11. The Council considers the large number of original papers read during the year as gratifying evidence of the vitality of the Institute.

The balance-sheet shows that after paying £41 19s. 10d. for new books, and transferring £50 to a fixed deposit, there remains a credit balance of £29 16s 7d

The thanks of the Council are due to the Board of Governors of Canterbury College for the use of rooms, and to Mr. G. E. Way for his continued services as Honorary Auditor.

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Dr. Chilton and Dr. Farr were elected as representatives of the Institute on the Board of Governors of the New Zealand Institute.

The following resolutions, relative to the formation of a Research Fund in memory of the late Captain Hutton, F.R.S., were unanimously adopted:—

1. That it is desirable that in memory of Captain F. W. Hutton a fund be established to be known as the “Hutton Memorial Research Fund.”

2. That the fund be devoted to the encouragement of original research in natural science in New Zealand.

3. That the fund when established be vested in and controlled by the Board of Governors of the New Zealand Institute.

4. That it be suggested to the Board of Governors of the New Zealand Institute that, in addition to making grants from time to time to persons engaged in original research, a bronze medal be struck, to be called the “Hutton Medal,” and be awarded at suitable intervals to persons who have made original contributions of special value to the natural science of New Zealand.

5. That in order to save time the Philosophical Institute of Canterbury commence the collection of subscriptions for the purposes above mentioned, with the view of afterwards handing them over to the New Zealand Institute, and that a contribution of £50 from the funds of the Philosophical Institute be made to the fund.

Election of Officers for 1906.—President—Mr. R. Speight; Vice-Presidents—Dr. C. C. Farr, Dr. F. W. Hilgendorf; Hon. Secretary—Mr. E. G. Hogg; Hon. Treasurer—Dr. Chilton; Council—Dr. Cockayne, Mr. H. G. Denham, Dr. Evans, Mr. R. M. Laing, Mr. J. B. Mayne, Mr. C. J. Williams; Hon. Auditor—Mr. G. Way, F.I.A., N.Z.