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Volume 38, 1905
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Manawatu Philosophical Society.

First Meeting: 23rd February, 1905.
Mr. Kenneth Wilson, M.A., President, in the chair.

Mr. P. E. Baldwin read an exhaustive paper on the “Early Native Records of the Manawatu Block.”

He traced the migration of the tribes, hapus, and families of the Maoris; their wars, victories, and final occupation of the land from the Manawatu Gorge to the Oroua River.

Several members took part in the discussion which followed.

Second Meeting: 16th March, 1905.
Mr. Sinclair, in the absence of the President, in the chair.

Mr. William Welch read a paper on “Etchings and Steel Engravings.”

He gave an account of the growth and final decay of these arts, and exhibited a large number of samples of, and explained the processes of, wood engravings, line, dry-point, silver-point, mezzotint, aquatint etching on steel and copper.

Third Meeting: 18th May, 1905.
The President, Mr. Kenneth Wilson, M.A., in the chair.

New Members.—Alex. Paterson, M.D., and Captain Hewitt, R.N.

Dr. Stowe read a paper on “Radium and the × Rays,” which was illustrated by a powerful battery, in which he showed the development of electroms.

Mr. C. E. Warden read a paper on “Education,” in which he dealt with the methods of the primary schools, and advanced theories for the improvement of our present system.

This meeting was thrown open to the public.

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Fourth Meeting: 15th June, 1905.
The President, Mr. Kenneth Wilson, M.A., in the chair.

New Member.—Mr. W. F. Durward.

Dr. Paterson read a paper on “The Subjective Ego: its Nature and Manifestations, its Influence on the Moral, Mental, and Physical Conditions of Man.”

A discussion among the members followed, after which Dr. Paterson replied.

This meeting was thrown open to the public.

Fifth Meeting: 6th July, 1905.
The President, Mr. Kenneth Wilson, M.A., in the chair.

Professor Easterfield, M.D., of Wellington, delivered a lecture on “Poisons,” which he illustrated by numerous experiments.

The ground covered comprised: (a) Poisons from a historical standpoint; (b) classification of poisons; (c) the detection of those poisons commonly used for criminal purposes; and (d) the poisonous constituents of some New Zealand poisons.

A discussion followed, during which many questions were asked by members, and replied to by the Professor.

This meeting was also thrown open to the public.

Annual Meeting: 20th July, 1905.
The President, Mr. Kenneth Wilson, M.A., in the chair.

The report and balance-sheet were read and approved.

In the former it was shown that the Society had been eminently successful in its first year of work. It now numbered thirty-nine members, and eleven papers were read. The Palmerston North Borough Council had placed a room at the disposal of the Society for a museum, and from the number of specimens, curios, &c., that had been promised, the museum bade fair to become a success.

The New Zealand Institute presented the Society with thirty-two volumes of its Transactions, which had been bound and placed in the library.

The balance-sheet showed a credit of £13.

Election of Officers for 1906.—President—John E. Vernon, M.A.; Vice-Presidents—Kenneth Wilson, M.A., P. E. Baldwin, Dr. Stowe; Council—W. Collingwood, M. A. Eliott, F. Goote, B.A., G. Hirsch, W. H. Maclean, A. A. Martin, M.D. Secretary and Treasurer—William Welch; Curator of the Museum—William Welch; Auditor—R. N. Keeling.

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Seventh Meeting: 24th August, 1905.
Mr. Kenneth Wilson, M.A., in the chair.

Mr. D. W. Low read a paper on “Idealism and Realism in Art.”

Eighth Meeting: 28th September, 1905.
The President, Mr. John E. Vernon, M.A., in the chair.

New Members.—Mr. J. H. Hankins, and Mrs. Mellsopp, M.A.

The Rev. I. Jolly, M.A., read a paper on “Some Recent Discoveries in Babylon, and the Laws of the Great King Huma-Rabi,” before a very large audience, in the Opera House.

Ninth Meeting: 19th October, 1905.
The President, Mr. John E. Vernon, M.A., in the chair.

Dr. Martin read a paper on “Fatigue and Sleep,” in the Opera House, before a crowded audience.

He dealt with the action on the brain-cells of physical and mental fatigue, and the recovery by rest and sleep.

The paper was illustrated by numerous diagrams.

Tenth Meeting: 23rd November, 1905
The President, Mr. John E. Vernon, M.A., in the chair.

Mr. H. Drew read a paper on “A Record of the Enderby Settlement in the Auckland Islands in 1850.”

This paper was made specially interesting by the fact that the author was a lineal descendant of one of the officers of that expedition, and that he had gleaned his information at first hand.