Clavaria flava, Schæffer, Fung. Bavar., tab. 175; Sacc., Syll. vi, no. 7929; Cooke, Austr. Fung., p. 198. Syn., Clavaria, lutea, Hook., Fl. N.Z., ii, p. 185; Hdbk. N.Z. Flora, p. 614.
Stem stout, short, white, breaking up into numerous rounded, tapering, crowded, even-topped, yellow branches,
8–14 cm. high; spores elliptical, hyaline or with a slight tinge of yellow, 8–10 × 4–5 μ.
On the ground, in woods. New Zealand. Victoria, Queensland, Europe, United States.
Edible, as are all known species of Clavaria. Brittle; stem often 2–3 cm. thick; forming dense tufts of crowded branches; yellow colour usually most pronounced at the tips of the branches.
Clavaria arborescens, Berk., Fl. N.Z., ii, p. 186; Hdbk. N.Z. Flora, 614; Sacc., Syll. vi, no. 8022.
Amethyst-colour; stem slightly wavy, 2–3 cm. high, slightly thickened upwards, slender, dividing at the apex into a few main branches that bear short fastigiate branchlets at their tips; spores hyaline, elliptical, 6 × 4 μ.
On the ground. Bay of Islands, Northern Island, New Zealand.
Berkeley considers this species as showing affinity with Clavaria macropus. To me it appears to resemble a slender form of C. cinerea.
Clavaria colensoi, Berk., Fl. N.Z., ii, p. 186; Hdbk. N.Z. Flora, p. 615; Sacc., Syll. vi, no. 8039; Cooke, Austr. Fung., p. 201.
Stem compressed, short, breaking up into several primary branches, which in turn become inflated at the apex and bear several slender secondary branchlets divided at the acute tips, 2–3 cm. high; spores elliptical, 5x 3 μ.
On dead wood and on the ground. Northern Island, New Zealand. Queensland.
All the branches have a tendency to become flattened, axils of branches rounded. The swollen apices of the branches are sometimes more or less excavated and the branchlets originate from the margin of the cup.
No account is given in the original description as to the colour of the plant. The following is Berkeley's description of this species: About 1 in. high, attached to the soft decayed wood by a few short towy fibres, which, like the whole plant, are brown when dry. Stem mostly compressed, branched from the base or a little above it, repeatedly forked; branches sub-fastigiate, delicate; apices forked, very acute. Closely allied to C. delicata, but the brown fibres by which it is attached, and other points, forbid its association with that species, of which I have authentic specimens from Fries.” (Fl. N.Z., ii, p. 186.)
Clavaria mucida, Pers, Comm., tab. 2, fig. 3; Sacc., Syll. vi, no. 8125; Cooke, Austr. Fung., p. 203.
Gregarious but not usually tufted, simple or sparingly branched, branches linear, tip sometimes cristate or divided into fine short branchlets, white or with a tinge of yellow or rose, surface even, 1–2 cm. high, slender; spores hyaline, averaging 6 × 3 μ.
On wet rotten wood. New Zealand. New South Wales, Europe, United States.
Clavaria contorta, Holmsk, Ot. i, p. 29.
Erumpent; in clusters of 2–5 specimens, simple, stuffed, variously twisted, contorted, and wrinkled, primrose, yellowish, often with a red or brown tinge, about 1 in. high; spores white, subglobose, about 4–5 μ diameter.
On fallen branches. New Zealand. Europe, United States.
Easily known by growing on wood, and in being erumpent, or bursting through the bark
Clavaria pusio, Berk., Fl. N.Z., ii, p. 185; Hdbk. N.Z. Flora, p. 614; Sacc., Syll. vi, no. 8017.
Stem slender, thickened upwards, where it divides into a few cylindrical acute branches equal in length to the stem and spreading at an acute angle, rarely divided, 1.5–3 cm. high; spores elliptical, hyaline.
On the ground. Northern Island, New Zealand.
The colour is brownish when dry, but it is probably paler or whitish when fresh.
Clavaria inœqualis, Flor. Dan., p. 74, fig. 4; Hdbk. N.Z. Flora, p. 615; Sacc., Syll. vi, no. 8069; Austr. Fung., p. 202.
Yellow, gregarious or fasciculate, fragile, stuffed, clavate, apex obtuse, simple or sometimes forked, 4–7 cm. high; spores elliptical, colourless, 9–10 × 5 μ.
Among grass and moss. Bay of Islands, Northern Island, New Zealand. Tasmania, New South Wales, Victoria, Europe, United States, Ceylon.
Scattered or in small loose tufts, clubs clavate or cylindrical; apex obtuse, sometimes forked or variously cut and divided, sometimes compressed, but not distinctly apiculate, and brown.
Clavaria misella, Berk. and Curt., Journ. Linn. Soc. (Bot.), x, p. 339; Sacc., Syll. vi, no. 8139.
Entirely white, simple or rarely with a single branch springing from near the base, slightly clavate, quite slender, 1–2 cm. high, base somewhat spongy; spores hyaline, subglobose, about 4 μ diameter.
Growing on living moss. Middle Island, New Zealand. Cuba.
Becoming opaque and remaining even when dry, which, in addition to the different spores, distinguish it from Clavaria paupercula, Berk. and Curt., a small species also growing on moss.