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Volume 39, 1906
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– 404 –

Catalogue of the Flowering-plants and Ferns gathered in the Districts around Westport.

Ranunculaceœ.

  • Clematis indivisa, Willd. Common throughout the district.

  • " indivisa, var. lobulata, Kirk. Common throughout the district.

  • " fœtida, Raoul. Island in Buller River, near Westport.

  • Ranunculus lyallii, Hook. f. Mount Buckland, on peak; altitude, 4,000 ft.

  • " insignis, Hook. f. Mount Owen; between 4,000 ft. and 5,000 ft.

  • " monroi, Hook. f. Mount Murchison and Boundary Peak; altitude, from 3,000–4,000 ft.

  • " geranifolius, Hook. f. Mount Murchison, Brunner Range; ascending to 4,500 ft.

  • " tenuicaulis, Cheesem. Boundary Peak; altitude, 3,500 ft.

  • " gracilipes, Hook. f. Mount Buckland; altitude, 3,000 ft.

  • " hirtus, Banks and Sol. Throughout the district.

  • " lappaceus, Sm. Plentiful throughout the district.

  • " rivularis, Banks and Sol. Plentiful throughout the district in wet ground.

  • " acaulis, Banks and Sol. On sandhills between Cape Foulwind and Charleston.

  • Caltha novœ-zealandiœ, Hook. f. On the Brunner Range and Paparoas, in bogs in subalpine regions, at an altitude of from 3,000–4,000 ft.

Magnoliaceœ.

  • Drimys axillaris, Forst. In the Cape Foulwind and Mokihinui woods.

  • " colorata, Raoul. Not uncommon in woods in damp situations.

  • " traversii, T. Kirk. Mount Rochfort and Mount Frederic, at an elevation of from 2,000–3,000 ft.; fairly abundant on the mossy surface under the shade of the low Fagus forest.

Cruciferœ.

  • Nasturtium palustre, DC. Common in damp situations.

  • Cardamine hirsuta, L. Common; ascending to 4,000 ft. on Paparoas.

  • " latesiliqua, Cheesem. Mount Owen; altitude, from 3,000–5,000 ft.

– 405 –
  • Lepidium flexicaule, T. Kirk. On the beach at Cape Foulwind, and also between Mokihinui and Karamea on the stony beach.

  • Notothlaspi rosulatum, Hook. f. Mount Owen; altitude, from 4,000–5,000 ft.

  • " australe, var. stellatum, Kirk. On a shingle-slip on Boundary Peak; atitude, 4,000 ft.

Violarieœ.

  • Viola filicaulis, Hook f. Common.

  • " lyallii, Hook. f. Common; ascending to 4,000 ft. on the Paparoas.

  • " cunninghamii, Hook. f. Common.

  • Melicytus ramiflorus, Forst. Abundant in all woods at low elevations.

  • " lanceolatus, Hook. f. Buller Valley.

Pittosporeœ.

  • Pittosporum tenuifolium, Banks and Sol. Abundant throughout the district.

  • " colensoi, Hook. f. Not uncommon.

  • " rigidum, Hook. f. Not uncommon from sea-level to 2,000 ft.

  • " eugenioides, A. Cunn. At Tauranga Bay, near Cape Foulwind.

Caryophylleœ.

  • Stellaria parviflora, Banks and Sol. Common. A matted form found on Mount Lyell, at an altitude of 3,000 ft.

  • Colobanthus quitensis, Bartl. Mount Mantell; altitude, from 4,000–6,000 ft.

  • " billardieri, Fenzl. Buller Valley; not uncommon.

  • " muelleri, T. Kirk. Abundant on the rocks along the coast.

  • " canaliculatus, T. Kirk. On limestone rock on Mount Owen; altitude, 4,000 ft.

Portulacecœ.

  • Claytonia australasica, Hook. f. Buller River bed at the Black-water; Mount Mantell; altitude, 5,000 ft.

  • Montia fontana, Linn. Not uncommon in slow-running water-courses.

Elatineœ.

  • Elatine americana, Arn. On muddy margin of Lake Rochfort; altitude, about 1,500 ft.

– 406 –

Hypericineœ.

  • Hypericum japonicum, Thunb. Abundant in marshy meadows.

Malvaceœ.

  • Plagianthus divaricatus, Forst. Abundant on the salt marshes.

  • " betulinus, A. Cunn. Throughout the district.

  • Hoheria populnea, A. Cunn., var. angustifolia. Throughout the district.

Tilaceœ.

  • Aristotelia racemosa, Hook. f. Abundant throughout.

  • " fruticosa, Hook. f. Boundary Peak, at an altitude of 3,000 ft. I never gathered specimens on the coastal ranges.

  • Elœocarpus dentatus, Vahl. Fairly abundant.

  • " hookerianus, Raoul. Common in subalpine forests.

Lineœ.

  • Linum monogynum, Forst. Abundant on the coastal cliffs and in places on the Buller River bed.

Geraniaceœ.

  • Geranium dissectum, L. Common.

  • " dissectum, var. patulum, Hook. f. Buller Valley.

  • " microphyllum, Hook. f. Common on dry banks.

  • " sessiliflorum, Cav. Sandhills between Cape Foulwind and Charleston.

  • " molle, L. Throughout the district.

  • Pelargonium australe, Jacq. Caroline Terrace, at an elevation of about 500 ft.

  • Oxalis corniculata, L. Common.

  • " magellanica, Forst. Abundant up to an elevation of 3,000 ft.

Rutaceœ.

  • Melicope simplex, A. Cunn. Mount Rochfort and Paparoas; altitude, from 1,000–2,000 ft.

Olacineœ.

  • Pennantia corymbosa, Forst. Abundant on the margins of forest lands and amongst the low bushes on river-banks.

Rhamneœ.

  • Discaria toumatou, Raoul. Sandhills at Cape Foulwind, and Buller Valley.

– 407 –

Sapindaceœ.

  • Dodonoé viscosa, Jacq. Along the coast-line is abundant.

Anacardiaceœ.

  • Corynocarpus lœvigata, Forst. From Cape Foulwind along the coast to Karamea in isolated patches, and a few solitary trees on the banks of the Buller River.

Coriarieœ.

  • Coriaria ruscifolia, L. Abundant throughout the district.

  • " thymifolia, Humb. Buller Valley and Fox's River.

Leguminosœ.

  • Carmichœlia subulata, T. Kirk. Buller Valley, salt-water lagoons, and littoral swamps.

  • " angustata, T. Kirk. Common in Buller Valley, and on the banks of the Karamea, Mokihinui, and Fox's Rivers.

  • " flagelliformis, Col. Banks of salt-water lagoons, Karamea.

  • Sophora tetraptera, J. Mull. In the vicinity of lagoons and on river-flats, common.

Rosaceœ

  • Rubus australis, Forst. Common.

  • " cissoides, A. Cunn. Common.

  • " parvus, Buch. Lyell Creek Road.

  • Geum parviflorum, Sm. Mount Mantell; altitude, from 3,000–5,000 ft.

  • " uniflorum, Buch. Paparoas, Mount Mantell; altitude, from 3,000–5,000 ft.

  • " leiospermum, Petrie. Mount Murchison; altitude, from 3,000–4,500 ft.

  • Acœna sanguisorbœ, Vahl. Abundant from sea-level to 3,000 ft.

  • " sanguisorbœ var. pilosa. T. Kirk. Brunner Range, from 3,000–5,000 ft.

  • " microphylla, var. inermis. T. Kirk. Buller Valley and Mokihinui.

Saxifrageœ.

  • Donatia novœ-zealandiœ, Hook. f. Abundant on the Papahua-Paparoa Mountains; altitude, from 2,000–3,000 ft.

  • Quintinia acutifolia, T. Kirk. Abundant throughout the district from sea-level to 2,000 ft.

– 408 –
  • Carpodetus serratus, Forst. Abundant on the margins of forests. Weinmannia racemosa, L. Abundant throughout the district from sea-level to 2,000 ft.

Crassulaceœ.

  • Tillœa moschata, DC. Common on the rocks along the coast.

  • " helmsii, T. Kirk. On marshy lands about the estuaries of the rivers.

  • " sieberiana, Schultz. On the sea-cliffs and rocks at St. Kilda and Brighton.

Droseraceœ.

  • Drosera stenopetala, Hook. f. Abundant on the mountains at an altitude of from 2,000–4,000 ft.

  • " arcturi, Hook. Common at an elevation of from 2,000–4,000 ft.

  • " spathulata, Labill. Not uncommon from sea-level to 4,000 ft.

  • " binata, Labill. An abundant plant on all the pakihis.

Halorageœ.

  • Haloragis alata, Jacq. Abundant on the river-banks and flats.

  • " depressa, Walp. On sandhills between Cape Foulwind and Charleston.

  • " micrantha, R. Br. Common all over the pakihis.

  • Myriophyllum elatinoides, Gaud. I only found this plant on one occasion in the Buller Valley.

  • " intermedium, DC. Not uncommon in still pools and on marsh lands.

  • " robustum, Hook. f. Common in swamps about the Orowaiti and Cape Foulwind.

  • " pedunculatum, Hook. f. Not uncommon in the Buller River bed.

  • Gunnera monoica, Raoul. Abundant throughout the district.

  • " monoica, var. albocarpa, Kirk. Common on the sea-cliffs.

  • " dentata, T. Kirk. Buller and Matakitaki river-beds.

  • Callitriche verna, L. Abundant.

  • " muelleri, Sond. Abundant.

Myrtaceœ.

  • Leptospermum scoparium, Forst. Common. On coastal ranges ascends to an altitude of 2,000 ft.

  • " ericoides, A. Rich. Common, many parts of district.

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  • Metrosideros florida, Sm. Abundant from sea-level to 2,000 ft.

  • " lucida, A. Rich. Abundant from sea-level to 2,000 ft.

  • " parkinsonii, Buch. On Mount Rochfort and Mount Frederic, also the Westport end of the Paparoas; altitude, from 1,000–2,500 ft.

  • " hypericifolia, A. Cunn. Abundant.

  • " robusta, A. Cunn. Abundant in the coastal forests, ascending to an altitude of 2,000 ft.

  • " scandens, Sol. Common.

  • Myrtus obcordata, Hook. f. Abundant on river-flats and on the borders of forests.

  • " pedunculata, Hook. f. Not uncommon; ascending to altitude of 1,500 ft.

Onagrarieœ.

  • Epilobium pallidiflorum, Sol. Abundant in swampy ground.

  • " chionanthum, Haussk. In Orowaiti swamps.

  • " junceum, Sol. Common.

  • " junceum, var. macrophyllum, Haussk. Lyell Creek.

  • " pubens, A. Rich. Common.

  • " chlorœfoloium, Haussk. Mount Murchison; from 3,000–4,000 ft.

  • " insulare, Haussk. Not uncommon in swamps.

  • " rotundifolium, Forst. Abundant throughout the district.

  • " linnœoides, Hook. f. Mount Rochfort, at elevation of 3,000 ft.

  • " nummularifolium, R. Cunn. Common.

  • " " var. pedunculare, Hook. f. Common.

  • " gracilipes, Kirk. Mount Bovis; from 2,000–3,500 ft.

  • " vernicosum, Cheesem. Mount Owen, Boundary Peak; at elevation of from 3,000–5,000 ft.

  • " microphyllum, A. Rich. Buller Valley, at Murchison.

  • " glabellum, Forst. Common in mountainous districts.

  • " novœ-zealandiœ, Haussk. Mount Murchison; altitude, 3,000 ft.

  • Fuchsia excorticata, L. Common.

  • " colensoi, Hook. f. Common.

Ficoidœ.

  • Mesembryanthemum australe, Sol. Abundant on the coast.

  • Tetragonia expansa, Murr. Mokihinui Beach.

  • " trigyna, Banks and Sol. Abundant about headlands on the coast.

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Umbelliferœ.

  • Hydrocotyle elongata, A. Cunn. Common in river-valleys.

  • " dissecta, Hook. f. Beach at Mokihinui.

  • " novœ-zealandiœ, DC. Abundant through district.

  • " novœ-zealandiœ, var. montana, Kirk. Paparoas; altitude, 4,000 ft.

  • " moschata, Forst. Abundant throughout.

  • " microphylla, A. Cunn. Buller Valley.

  • " asiatica, L. Common on the sea-beach.

  • Azorella haastii, Benth. and Hook. f. Brunner Range; from 3,000–4,000 ft.

  • " pallida, T. Kirk. Brunner Range; from 3,000–4,000 ft.

  • " trifoliata, Benth. and Hook. f. Buller Valley.

  • Actinotus novœ-zealandiœ, Petrie. Coastal mountains; from an elevation of 1,500–3,000 ft.

  • Apium prostratum, var. filiforme. Common near the coast.

  • Oreomyrrhus andicola, Endl. Brunner Range; from 3,000–4,000 ft.

  • " andicola, var. colensoi, Kirk. Paparoas, Mount Owen, and Mount Mantell.

  • Crantzia lineata, Nutt. Buller River bed.

  • Aciphylla colensoi, var. conspicua, Kirk. Mount Kelvin; altitude, 4,500 ft.

  • " colensoi, var. maxima, Kirk. Mount Murchison and Brunner Range; altitude, from 3,000–4,000 ft.

  • " hookeri, T. Kirk. Paparoas and Brunner Range, at an altitude from 2,500–4,500 ft.

  • " lyallii, Hook. f. Lyell Mountains; altitude, from 3,000–4,000 ft.

  • " monroi, Hook. f. Mount Murchison; from 3,000–5,000 ft.

  • " townsoni, n. s., Cheesem. Mount Faraday, Mount Kelvin, Mount Buckland, and Lyell Mountains; altitude, from 3,000–4,500 ft.

  • Ligusticum haastii, F. Muell. Common on all the coastal mountains, ascending to 4,000 ft.

  • " deltoideum, Cheesem. Lyell Mountains; from 3,000–4,000 ft.

  • " piliferum, Hook. f. Mount Mantell, from 4,000–5,000 ft.; Brunner Range, from 3,000–4,000 ft.

  • " aromaticum, Hook. f. Common on coastal mountains at an altitude of from 2,000–4,000 ft.

  • " imbricatum, Hook. f. Brunner Range; altitude, 5,000 ft.

  • Angelica gingidium, Hook. f. Buller Valley, Fox's River, and Mount Faraday.

  • " decipiens, Hook. f. Mount Owen, Buller Valley.

– 411 –

Araliaceœ.

  • Panax lineare, Hook. f. Common on the mountains at an elevation of from 1,500–3,500 ft.

  • " simplex, Forst. Not uncommon from sea-level to an elevatin of 3,000 ft.

  • " edgerleyi, Hook. f. Not uncommon from sea-level to an elevation of 2,000 ft.

  • " colensoi, Hook. f. Abundant in mountains, ascending to 4,000 ft.

  • " arboreum, Forst. Common throughout the district.

  • Schefflera digitata, Forst. Abundant in woods, ascending to 1,000 ft. or more.

  • Pseudopanax crassifolium, C. Koch. Abundant from sea-level to 2,000 ft.

Cornaceœ.

  • Corokia cotoneaster, Raoul. Buller River bed at Murcnison.

  • Griselinia lucida, Forst. Abundant throughout the district.

  • " littoralis, Raoul. Abundant from sea-level to 2,000 ft.

Rubiaceœ.

  • Coprosma grandiflora, Hook. f. Abundant throughout the district.

  • " lucida, Forst. Abundant throughout.

  • " serrulata, Hook. f. Plentiful on western slopes of coastal ranges; from 3,000–4,000 ft.

  • " baueri, Endl. Common on the whole line of the seacoast.

  • " robusta, Raoul. Common throughout the district.

  • " cunninghamii, Hook. f. Common in river-valleys.

  • " rotundifolia, A. Cunn. Abundant throughout.

  • " areolata, Cheesem. Buller Valley; not common.

  • " rhamnoides, A. Cunn. Abundant in low-lying situations.

  • " parviflora, Hook. f. Common, ascending to 4,000 ft.

  • " acerosa, A. Cunn. Common on beaches and beds of rivers.

  • " rugosa, n. sp., Cheesem. Buller Valley, on the sandbanks by the river.

  • " propinqua, A. Cunn. Abundant, especially in the salt marshes.

  • " linarifolia, Hook. f. Not uncommon at an elevation of from 2,000–3,000 ft.

  • " fœtidissima, Forst. Common from sea-level to 3,000 ft.

  • " colensoi, Hook. f. On coastal ranges; from 2,000–3,000 ft.

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  • Coprosma retusa, Petrie. Mount Rochfort; 3,000 ft.

  • " cuneata, Hook. f. Mount Owen, Mount Murchison, and Mount Mantell; altitude, from 3,000–4,000 ft.

  • " depressa, Col. ex Hook. f. Boundary Peak; altitude, 4,000 ft.

  • " repens, Hook. f. Mount Murchison, Brunner Range, Mount Faraday; altitude, 3,000–4,000 ft.

  • Nertera depressa, Banks and Sol. Not uncommon in Buller Valley.

  • " cunninghamii, Hook. f. Throughout the Westport district.

  • " dichondrœfolia, Hook. f. Abundant under shelter of low woods.

  • Galium tenuicaule, A. Cunn. Common in low damp situations.

  • " umbrosum, Sol. ex Forst. Plentiful.

  • Asperula perpusilla, Hook. f. Mount Mantell; altitude, 5,000 ft.

Compositœ.

  • Lagenophora, forsteri, DC. Common throughout the district; a large-leaved variety grows on the track to Denniston.

  • Brachycome sinclairii, Hook. f. Mount Mantell, Mount Murchison; from 3,000–5,000 ft.

  • " thomsoni, var. membranifolia, Kirk. Brunner Range; from 3,000–4,000 ft.

  • Olearia colensoi, Hook. f. Abundant in mountains, from 2,000–3,500 ft.

  • " nitida, Hook. f. Abundant from sea-level to 3,000 ft.

  • " ilicifolia, var. mollis, Kirk. Fox's River and Bullock Creek.

  • " cunninghamii, Hook. f. Mount Frederic; from 200–500 ft.

  • " lacunosa, Hook. f. Mount Owen, Mount Murchison, Mount Glasgow; from 3,000–4,500 ft.

  • " avicenniœfolia, Hook. f. Not uncommon in Buller Valley.

  • Celmisia lateralis, Buch. Mount Rochfort, Mount Frederic; altitude, 3,000 ft.

  • " lateralis, var. villosa, Cheesem. Mount Murchison; from 3,000–4,500 ft.

  • " dallii, Buch. Mount Rochfort, Mount Frederic, and Paparoas; from 2,500–4,000 ft.

  • " hieracifolia, Hook. f. Mount Murchison; from 3,000–4,000 ft.

  • " discolor, Hook. f. Abundant in mountains; most plentiful at about 3,000 ft.

  • " incana, Hook. f. Paparoas and Mount Mantell.

– 413 –
  • Celmisia incana, var. petiolata, Kirk. Paparoas; from 3,000–4,000 ft.

  • " petiolata, var. membranacea, Kirk. Brunner Range. Only found in one valley, at an altitude of 4,000 ft.

  • " spectabilis, Hook. f. Mount Mantell; altitude, 4,000 ft.

  • " dubia, n. sp., Cheesem. Coastal mountains; altitude, from 2,000–3,000 ft.

  • " coriacea, Hook. f. On all mountains, attaining an elevation of from 3,000–5,000 ft., and descending to sea-level at Charleston.

  • " armstrongii, Petrie. Common on Paparoas and Brunner Range; altitude, from 2,500–4,500 ft.

  • " monroi, Hook. f. Mount Lyell; from 3,000–3,500 ft.

  • " longifolia, Cass. Common from sea-level, where it grows on the pakihis, up to an elevation of 4,000 ft. on Lyell Mountains.

  • " laricifolia, Hook. f. Westport Mountains; from 3,000–4,000 ft.

  • " sessiliflora, Hook. f. Paparoas, Mount Glasgow, Lyell Mountains; altitude, from 3,000–4,000 ft.

  • " bellidioides, Hook. f. Mount Bovis; 4,000 ft.; rare.

  • Vittadinia australis, A. Rich. On shingle-beds in Buller Valley.

  • Gnaphalium lyallii, Hook. f. Common on banks of rivers and creeks.

  • " trinerve, Forst. Common on sea-cliffs.

  • " Keriense, A. Cunn. Common on all river-banks.

  • " subrigidum, Col. Giles's Creek.

  • " traversii, var. mackayi, Kirk. Mount Glasgow, Mount Lyell, Mount Mantell; from 4,000–5,000 ft.

  • " paludosum, Petrie. Orowaiti, in swamp, at sea-level.

  • " luteo-album, L. Abundant throughout.

  • " japonicum, Thunb. Abundant in dry stony situations.

  • " collinum, Lab. Not uncommon.

  • Raoulia australis, Hook. f. Abundant on beaches and river-beds.

  • " tenuicaulis, Hook. f. Giles's Creek.

  • " grandiflora, Hook. f. In the mountains; from 2,500–5,000 ft.

  • " mammillaris, Hook. f. Mount Frederic, 3,000 ft.; Mount Kelvin, from 4,000–5,000 ft.

  • " bryoides, Hook. f. Mount Mantell; from 4,000–6,000 ft.

  • Helichrysum bellidioides, Willd. Abundant in mountains, from sea-level to 5,000 ft.

– 414 –
  • Helichrysum filicaule, Hook. f. Not uncommon in dry stony situations.

  • " grandiceps, Hook. f. Paparoas, Lyell Ranges; from 3,000–4,500 ft.

  • " depressum, Benth. and Hook. Matakitaki River bed, near the gorge.

  • " microphyllum, Benth. and Hook. Mount Owen, Mount Mantell; from 4,000–5,000 ft.

  • Cassinia vauvilliersii, Hook. f. Coastal ranges; altitude, from 3,000–3,500 ft.

  • Craspedia uniflora, Forst. Abundant on sea-cliffs and river-banks.

  • " uniflora, var. lanata, Hook. f. Mount Mantell, at an altitude of 5,000 ft.

  • Cotula coronopifolia, L. Abundant in wet situations.

  • " australis, Hook. f. Abundant from sea-level to 1,000 ft.

  • " pyrethrifolia, Hook. f. Mount Owen, at an altitude of from 3,000–5,000 ft.

  • " squalida, Hook. f. Abundant.

  • " dioica, Hook. f. Especially abundant on the coast.

  • Centipeda orbicularis, Lour. Not uncommon throughout district.

  • Abrotanella linearis, Bergg. Plentiful on coastal range at an altitude of from 2,000–4,000 ft.

  • " cœspitosa, Petrie. Mount Bovis; altitude, from 3,000–4,000 ft.

  • Erechtites prenanthoides, DC. Common.

  • " arguta, DC. Not uncommon.

  • " glabrescens, T. Kirk. Mount Owen and Mount Mantell; from 3,000–4,000 ft.

  • Brachyglottis repanda, Forst. Common from sea-level to 1,500 ft.

  • Senecio bellidioides, Hook. f. Common in mountains, from 2,000–4,000 ft.; down to sea-level at Charleston.

  • " lyallii, Hook. f. Mount Kelvin, Brunner Range, Mount Owen, and Mount Murchison; from 3,000–5,000 ft.

  • " lyallii, var. scorzonerioides, Kirk. In same situations as preceding.

  • " lautus, Forst. Not uncommon on the sea-cliffs; ascending to 3,000 ft. elevation.

  • " latifolius, Banks and Sol. Abundant on the banks of rivers, but almost confined to sea-level.

  • " hectori, Buch. Buller Valley and Fox's River.

  • " elœagnifolius, Hook. f. Common in mountainous districts; altitude, from 2,000–4,000 ft.

  • " rotundifolius, Hook. f. Abundant on the sea-cliffs south of Westport.

– 415 –
  • Senecio bidwillii, Hook. f. Abundant on Mount Mantell, at an altitude of from 3,000–4,000 ft.

  • " bidwillii, var. viridis. Lyell Ranges; altitude, from 3,000–4,000 ft.

  • Microseris forsteri, Hook. f. Boundary Peak; altitude, from 4,000–5,000 ft.

  • Sonchus oleraceus, L. Common throughout.

Stylidieœ.

  • Oreostylidium subulatum, Bergg. In places on the mountains at an elevation of from 1,000–2,000 ft.

  • Forstera sedifolia, Linn. f. Mount Rochfort, Mount Frederic, at an altitude of from 2,000–3,000 ft.

  • " tenella, Hook. f. Common on the mountains forming Buller Watershed; altitude, from 2,000–4,000 ft.

Goodenovieœ

  • Selliera radicans, Cav. Abundant on tidal mud-flats.

Campanulaceœ.

  • Pratia angulata, Hook, f. Abundant throughout district, ascending to 3,000 ft.

  • " macrodon, Hook. f. Mount Murchison, Mount Stormy, Karamea.

  • Lobelia anceps, Linn. f. Abundant.

  • Isotoma fluviatilis, F. Muell. Abundant in marshy situations near Westport.

  • Wahlenbergia gracilis, A. DC. Abundant throughout the district.

  • " saxicola, A. DC. Abundant throughout the district; sea-level to 5,000 ft.

  • " saxicola, var. congesta. On sandhills between Cape Foulwind and Charleston.

Ericaceœ.

  • Gaultheria antipoda, Forst. Abundant; growing to an altitude of 3,000 ft.

  • " perplexa, T. Kirk. On sandhills between Westport and Charleston.

  • " rupestris, R. Br. Buller Valley, and on stony elevations to an altitude of 3,000 ft.

– 416 –

Epacrideœ.

  • Pentachondra pumila, R. Br. Abundant at elevation of from 2,000–4,000 ft.

  • Cyathodes acerosa, R. Br. Abundant at elevation of from 1,500–3,000 ft.

  • " empetrifolia, Hook. f. Mount Rochfort; altitude, 1,500 ft.

  • Leucopogon fasciculatus, A. Rich. Abundant; sea-level to 2,000 ft.

  • " fraseri, A. Cunn. Abundant on sandhills.

  • Epacris pauciflora, A. Rich. Common on lowland and upland pakihis.

  • " alpina, Hook. f. Mount Rochfort; altitude, from 1,000–2,000 ft. Mount Owen.

  • Archeria traversii, Hook. f. Coastal mountains and Brunner Ranges, abundant from 2,000–3,000 ft.

  • Dracophyllum latifolium, A. Cunn. Common at an elevation of from 1,500–3,000 ft.

  • " traversii, Hook. f. Paparoas, Mount Glasgow, Brunner Range; from 2,000–4,000 ft.

  • " townsoni, n. sp., Cheesem. Spurs of Mount Buckland;; from 500–2,500 ft. elevation.

  • " longifolium, R. Br. Between Westport and Charleston, growing to the proportions of a tree in patches of pakihi forest.

  • " urvilleanum, A. Rich. Common from 500–3,000 ft. elevation.

  • " urvilleanum, var. montanum. Lyell Mountains; altitude, from 3,000–4,000 ft.

  • " pubescens, Cheesem., n. sp. Waimangaroa Gorge; from 1,500–2,500 ft.

  • " uniflorum, Hook. f. Common on coastal mountains from 2,000–3,000 ft.

  • " rosmarinifolium, R. Br. Mount William, Mount Frederic; altitude, 3,000 ft.

Primulaceœ.

  • Samolus repens, Pers. Abundant along the coast.

Myrsineœ.

  • Myrsine salicina, Heward. Common throughout from sea-level to 2,000 ft.

  • " urvillei, A. DC. Abundant from sea-level to 2,000 ft.

  • " montana, Hook. f. Banks of tidal lagoons; rare.

  • " divaricata, A. Cunn. Common on salt marshes and on banks of tidal lagoons.

– 417 –

Apocynaceœ.

  • Parsonsia heterophylla, A. Cunn. Common, sea-level to 1,500 ft.

  • " capsularis, R. Br. Thinly distributed over the district.

Gentianeœ.

  • Gentiana townsoni, Cheesem., n. sp. Abundant on pakihis, and reaching an elevation of 2,500 ft.

  • " montana, Forst. Mount Rochfort, 3,000 ft.; Mount Lyell, from 3,000–4,000 ft.

  • " montana, var. stolonifera. Mount Frederic, Mount Rochfort, and Paparoas; from 2,000–4,000 ft.

  • " patula, Cheesem., n. sp. Mount Kelvin, Mount Mantell, Mount Owen; altitude, from 2,000–4,000 ft.

  • " bellidifolia, Hook. f. Brunner Range; from 3,000–5,000 ft.

  • " spenceri, T. Kirk. Mount Frederic, Mount Rochfort, Paparoas; from 1,500–3,500 ft.

  • " saxosa, Forst. Only found on rocks at Charleston, slightly above sea-level.

  • Liparophyllum gunnii, Hook. f. Not uncommon on the peaty bogs on the pakihis, ascending to 3,000 ft. on the mountains.

Boraginaceœ.

  • Myosotis antarctica, Hook. f. Boundary Peak; from 4,000–5,000 ft.

  • " australis, R. Br. Mount Mantell; from 4,000–5,000 ft.

  • " forsteri, Lehm. Not uncommon.

  • " townsoni, Cheesem., n. sp. Brunner Range; far from abundant; 3,000–4,500 ft.

  • " concinna, Cheesem. Plentiful on Buller face of Mount Owen; altitude, from 3,000–4,500 ft.

Convolvulaceœ.

  • Calystegia sepium, R. Br. Abundant throughout the district.

  • " soldanella, R. Br. Abundant on sandhills and shingle-banks along the coast.

  • Dichondra repens, Forst. Abundant.

  • " brevifolia, Buch. On shingle beach at Granity Creek.

Solanaceœ.

  • Solanum nigrum, L. Common.

  • " aviculare, Forst. Abundant on margins of forests.

– 418 –

Scrophularineœ.

  • Calceolaria repens, Hook. f. Giles's Creek, Cedar Creek, and Lyell Creek.

  • Mimulus repens, R. Br. Orowaiti, on mud-flats.

  • Mazus radicans, Cheesem. Sandhills along the coast; Four-mile River, and at Fairdown.

  • Gratiola peruviana, L. Buller Valley and Charleston.

  • " nana, Benth. Several wet situations near Westport Glossostigma elatinoides, Benth. In marshy situations; not uncommon.

  • Veronica divergens, Cheesem., n. sp. On sea-cliffs south of Brighton.

  • " salicifolia, Forst. Common throughout.

  • " macrocarpa, var. crassifolia, Cheesem. Big Hill on the road over the rocks from Mokihinui to Karamea, and on the side of the track up Fox's River.

  • " parviflora, Vahl. Abundant in the river-valleys.

  • " gracillima, Cheesem., n. sp. Buller Valley, and especially abundant in swamps between Fairdown and Waimangaroa.

  • " elliptica, Forst. Abundant along the coast, growing into a tree over 20 ft. high near Cape Foulwind.

  • " traversii, Hook. f. Mount Mantell; altitude not observed.

  • " vernicosa, Hook. f. Waimangaroa Gorge, altitude 2,000 ft.; Mount Bovis, altitude 3,000 ft.

  • " cockayniana, Cheesem., n. sp. Mount Lyell, Mount Murchison; from 2,000–4,000 ft.

  • " buxifolia, Benth. Abundant on mountains at an elevation of from 2,000–4,000 ft.

  • " carnosula, Hook. f. Mount Glasgow: altitude, 4,000 ft.

  • " gilliesiana, T. Kirk. Mount Buckland, altitude, 4,000 ft.; Mount Mantell.

  • " coarctata, Cheesem., n. sp. Mount Owen and Brunner Range; altitude, from 3,500–5,000 ft.

  • " armstrongii, T. Kirk. Mount Mantell, Mount Owen; from 4,000–5,000 ft.

  • " linifolia, Hook. f. Mount Owen; abundant between 3,000 ft. and 4,000 ft.

  • " lyallii, Hook. f. Abundant on river-banks; ascending to 3,000 ft.

  • Ourisia macrocarpa, Hook. f. Mount Rochfort, Paparoas; from 3,000–4,000 ft.

  • " macrophylla, Hook. Abundant on coastal ranges and on banks of mountain-streams; altitude, from 1,000–4,000 ft.

– 419 –
  • Ourisia sessilifolia, Hook. f. Mount Buckland; altitude, 4,000 ft.

  • " cœspitosa, Hook. f. Paparoas; altitude, 4,000 ft.

  • " glandulosa, Hook. f. Paparoas; altitude, from 3,000–5,000 ft.

  • Euphrasia monroi, Hook. f. Mount Murchison and Brunner Range; altitude, from 3,000–4,000 ft.

  • " revoluta, Hook. f. Coastal ranges; common at an altitude of from 2,000–4,000 ft.

  • " cockayniana, Petrie. Paparoa Range; altitude, from 3,000–4,000 ft.

  • " zealandica, Wettst. Boundary Peak; from 4,000–5,000 ft.

  • " cheesemanii, Wettst. Mount Mantell, Brunner Range; from 3,500–5,000 ft.

  • Anagosperma dispermum, Wettst. On pakihis; altitude, 500 ft.; quite abundant. Coastal mountains; from 2,000–3,500 ft.;

Lentibularieœ.

  • Utricularia monanthos, Hook. f. On pakihis nearly at sea-level to 3,000 ft.

Myoporineœ.

  • Myoporum lœtum, Forst. Abundant on the coast.

Labiatœ.

  • Mentha cunninghamii, Benth. Plentiful, especially oil sandhills near the sea.

Plantagineœ.

  • Plantago raoulli, Decne. Abundant along the coast, on sandhills.

  • " brownii, Rapin. Paparoa Range, altitude from 3,000–4,000 ft., in subalpine bogs.

  • " triandra, Berggr. Common along the coast, and also on the banks of Buller River.

Chenopodiaceœ.

  • Rhagodia nutans, R. Br. On sea-cliffs below Cape Foulwind.

  • Chenopodium glaucum, L. On shingle beaches on coast.

  • Salicornia australis, Soland. ex Forst. Orowaiti Beach; not common.

Polygonacew.

  • Polygonum aviculare, L. Abundant.

  • " serrulatum, Lag., gen. et sp. Abundant

  • Rumex flexsuosus, Sol. ex Forst. Abundant.

– 420 –
  • Muehlenbeckia australis, Meissn. Common up to 1,500 ft.

  • " complexa, Meissn. Most abundant on the coast.

  • " axillaris, Walp. Common on stony ground bordering the beach.

Piperaceœ.

  • Piper exclesum, Forst. A common littoral plant.

  • Peperomia endlicheri, Miq. Cape Foulwind, on cliffs.

Chloranthaceœ.

  • Ascarina lucida, Hook. f. Common in the Westport district, especially in the neighbourhood of Cape Foulwind.

Monimiaceœ.

  • Hedycarya arborea, Forst. Abundant throughout district.

Thymelœaceœ.

  • Pimelea longifolia, Banks and Sol. Abundant in the mountains, from 1,500–2,500 ft.; sea-level at Charleston.

  • " gnidia, Willd. Mount Rochfort; from 1,500–2,500 ft.

  • " arenaria, A. Cunn. Abundant on sandhills between Cape Foulwind and Charleston.

  • " lœvigata, Gaertn. Common on all waste lands along the coast.

  • " lyallii, Hook. f. Sea-level on Seal Island; 4,000 ft. on Mount Murchison.

  • Drapetes dieffenbachii, Hook. Mount Rochfort, from 2,000–3,000 ft.; Mount Murchison, from 2,000–4,000 ft.

  • " villosa, Cheesem. Mount Faraday; altitude, from 3,000–4,000 ft.

  • "villosa, var. multiflora. Brunner Range; altitude, 4,000 ft.

Loranthaceœ.

  • Loranthus micranthus, Hook. f. Abundant throughout.

  • Elytranthe ocolensoi, Engl. Common as a parasite on Fagus.

  • " tetrapetala, Engl. Abundant from sea-level to 2,000 ft.

  • " flavida, Engl. Caroline Terrace, 500 ft. above sea-level; parasitic on Fagus solandri.

Santalaceœ.

  • Exocarpus bidwillii, Hook. f. Westport Mountains; altitude, from 2,000–3,000 ft.

– 421 –

Euphorbiaceœ.

  • Euphorbia glauca, Forst. Common along the sea-beach.

  • Poranthera alpina, Cheesem. Mount Murchison; from 3,000–5,000 ft.

Urticaceœ.

  • Paratrophis heterophylla, Bl. A common constituent of lowland forests.

  • Urtica ferox, Forst. Not uncommon in Buller Valley and banks of Fox's River.

  • " incisa, Poir. Not uncommon throughout district.

  • Australina pusilla, Gaud. On island, Buller River.

Cupuliferœ.

  • Fagus menziesii, Hook. f. Plentiful; sea-level to 3,000 ft.

  • " fusca, Hook. f. Plentiful; sea-level to 3,500 ft.

  • " solandri, Hook. f. Plentiful; sea-level to 3,500 ft.

  • " cliffortioides, Hook. f. Plentiful from altitude of 2,000–4,000 ft.

Coniferœ.

  • Libocedrus bidwillii, Hook. f. Not uncommon up to an altitude of 2,000 ft.

  • Podocarpus totara, D. Don. Not uncommon throughout.

  • " hallii, T. Kirk. Not uncommon throughout.

  • " nivalis, Hook. Paparoas; 3,000 ft.

  • " ferrugineus, D. Don. Abundant.

  • " spicatus, R. Br. Local in its distribution; abundant below Brighton.

  • " dacrydiviodes, A. Rich. Abundant on low-lying ground.

  • Dacrydium biforme, Pilger. Abundant from 2,000–4,000 ft.

  • " cupressinum, Soland. ex Forst. Abundant throughout.

  • " intermedium, T. Kirk. Abundant from sea-level to 4,000 ft. Yellow-pine. Wood is durable, and used largely for railway-sleepers.

  • " colensoi, Hook. Not uncommon from sea-level to 3,000 ft. Silver-pine. Wood durable, and used largely for railway-sleepers.

  • Phyllocladus alpinus, Hook. f. Not uncommon from sea-level to 3,000 ft.

Orchideœ.

  • Dendrobium cunninghamii, Lindl. Common; sea-level to 2,000 ft.

  • Bulbophyllum pygmœum, Lindl. Not uncommon throughout.

  • Earina mucronata, Lindl. Abundant.

– 422 –
  • Earina suaveolens, Lindl. Abundant.

  • Sarcochilus adversus, Hook. f. Rather a rare plant, growing mostly on Aristotelia racemosa in Buller Valley.

  • Thelymitra longifolia, Forst. Abundant from sea-level to 3,000 ft.

  • " pachyphylla, Cheesem., n. sp. An abundant species on both lowland and mountain pakihis; sea-level to between 2,000 ft. and 3,000 ft.

  • " uniflora, Hook. f Abundant from sea-level to 3,000 ft.

  • Orthoceras strictum, R. Br. On stony elevations on the pakihis, at sea-level; not common.

  • Microtis porrifolia, R. Br. Common from sea-level to 2,000 ft.

  • Prasophyllum colensoi, Hook. f. Abundant from sea-level to 4,000 ft.

  • " rufum, R. Br. Not uncommon on sides of roads, and on dry elevations on the pakihis.

  • Pterostylis banksii, R. Br. Abundant; ascending to an elevation of 2,000 ft.

  • " graminea, Hook. f. Less abundant than the preceding. Grows on pakihis under shelter of low bushes, and on margins of the patches of Fagus forest.

  • " venosa, Col. Mount Rochfort and Mount Frederic, amongst mountain-flax, at an elevation of from 2,000–3,500 ft.

  • " puberula, Hook. f. On margin of pakihi forest, and amongst Pteris aquilina on elevated ground on “Waite's pakihi”; not common.

  • Acianthus sinclairii, Hook. f. In forest around Cape Foulwind, but not common.

  • Calochilus paludosus, R. Br. Not uncommon on the pakihis from sea-level to 2,000 ft.

  • Lyperanthus antarcticus, Hook. f. On coastal mountains from an elevation of 2,000–4,000 ft. or more; fairly abundant.

  • Caladenia minor, Hook. f. Not uncommon from sea-level to 2,000 ft.

  • " bifolia, Hook. f. Mount Rochfort, Mount Frederic; from 2,000–3,000 ft.

  • Chiloglottis cornuta, Hook. f. Not uncommon from sea-level to 2,000 ft.

  • Adenochilus gracilis, Hook. f. Mount Owen, in Fagus forest; altitude, 1,000 ft.

  • Townsonia deflexa, Cheesem. Mount Rochfort, Mount Frederic, and the Paparoas, at an elevation of from 1,500–2,500 ft., growing in low forests on mossy surface of logs and rocks; not uncommon.

– 423 –
  • Corysanthes cheesemanii, Hook. f. Amongst Fagus roots in pakihi forest on “Waite's pakihi”; far from common.

  • " oblonga, Hook. f. Abundant in ahady woods.

  • " rivularis, Hook, f. In damp foresia; not uncommon.

  • " rotundifolia, Hook. f. Not uncommon on the rock-faces where the tributaries of the Buller run through narrow gorges.

  • " triloba, Hook. f. On the sea-slopes near to Cape Foulwind, under shelter of tree-ferns and nikau palms.

  • " macrantha, Hook. f. Abundant between Mokihinui and Karamea on the road by the beach and in Fox's River.

  • Gastrodia cunninghamii, Hook. f. Not uncommon from sea-level to 1,000 ft.

Irideœ.

  • Libertia ixioides, Spreng. Abundant.

  • " pulchella, Spreng. Abundant from sea-level to 3,000 ft.

Liliaceœ.

  • Rhipogonum scandens, Forst. Abundant in lowland forests.

  • Enargea marginata, Banks and Sol. Common in mountain forests.

  • Cordyline banksii, Hook. f. Abundant on all river-flats.

  • " australis, Hook. f. Ascending to 2,000 ft.

  • " indivisa, Steud. On all the coastal mountains; forming beautiful groves on the slopes of Mount Frederic at an elevation of from 2,000–3,000 ft.

  • Astelia linearis, Hook. f. On the mountains between 2,000 ft. and 4,000 ft.; fairly plentiful.

  • " cunninghamii, Hook. f. Not uncommon; mostly terrestrial.

  • " banksii, A. Cunn. Lower Buller Valley.

  • " trinervia, T. Kirk. Near to Westport.

  • " solandri, A. Cunn. Common throughout.

  • " nervosa, Banks and Sol. Common from sea-level to an altitude of 4,000 ft.

  • " nervosa, var. montana, Kirk. On coastal ranges from 2,000–4,000 ft.

  • Dianella intermedia, Endl. A common plant on the pakihis; ascending to 2,500 ft.

  • Phormium tenax, Forst. Abundant; sea-level to 4,000 ft.

  • " cookianum, Le Jolis. Abundant.

  • Bulbinella hookeri, Benth. and Hook. Not uncommon in upland logs.

– 424 –
  • Arthropodium candidum, Raoul. Rough-and-Tumble Saddle, on Mokihinui track to Karamea.

  • Herpolirion novœ-zealandiœ, Hook. f. Common on banks amongst the pakihis.

Juncaceœ.

  • Juncus pallidus, R. Br. Buller Valley.

  • " vaginatus, R. Br. Common in vicinity of coast.

  • " effusus, L. Abundant from sea-level to 2,000 ft.

  • " maritimus, Lam. Not uncommon throughout the coastal regions.

  • " bufonius, L. Common throughout.

  • " tenuis, Willd. Orowaiti and other localities on coast.

  • " planifolius, R. Br. Buller Valley.

  • " cœspiticius, E. Mey. Seal Island and Charleston.

  • " antarcticus, Hook. i. Boundary Peak; altitude, from 3,000–4,000 ft.

  • " prismatocarpus, B. Br. Not uncommon in Buller Valley.

  • " lamprocarpus, Ehr. Muddy shores of Lake Rochfort, 1,500 ft.; Buller Valley.

  • " novœ-zealatidiœ, Hook. f. A common plant, ascending to 3,000 ft. in the mountains.

  • Luzula colensoi, Hook. f. Brunner Range; altitude, from 4,000–5,000 ft.

  • " campestris, DC. Abundant from sea-level to 4,000 ft.

Palmeœ.

  • Rhopalostylis sapida, Wendl. and Drude. Abundantly distributed in groves from Karamea to Brighton, and generally near the coast at a low elevation.

Pandaneœ.

  • Freycinetia banksii, A. Cunn. Common in all the forests to an altitude of 2,000 ft.

Typhaceœ.

  • Typha angustifolia, L. Abundant in bog lands.

  • Sparganium antipodum, Graebner. In sluggish watercourses; not common.

Naidaceœ.

  • Triglochin striatum, Ruiz and Pav. In salt marshes on the coast.

  • Potamogeton polygonifolius, Pourr. Not uncommon.

  • " cheesemanii, A. Bennett. Common throughout from sea-level to 2,000 ft.

  • Ruppia maritima, L. Common along the coast in both still water and watercourses.

  • Zostera nana, Roth. On beach at Mokihinui.

– 425 –

Centrolepideœ.

  • Centrolepis viridis, T. Kirk. On Four-mile Track, Charleston, a little above sea-level.

Restiaceœ.

  • Leptocarpus simplex, A. Rich. Abundant on mud-flats and wet lands along the coast.

  • Hypolœna lateriflora, Benth. Abundant on the pakihis, and ascending to 3,000 ft. altitude.

Cyperaceœ.

  • Mariscus ustulatus, C. B. Clarke. Common on all the sandhills on the coast.

  • Eleocharis acuta, R. Br. Common in tidal lagoons and on river-banks.

  • " cunninghamn, Boeck. Not uncommon from sea-level to 2,000 ft.

  • Scirpus aucklandicus, var. subcucullata, C. B. Clarke. Brunner Range; altitude, 4,000 ft.

  • " cernuus, Vahl. Abundant; sea-level to 2,000 ft.

  • " inundatus, Poir. Abundant in damp lowland situations.

  • " sulcatus, Thouars. Watercourses at Waimangaroa.

  • " prolifer, Rotth. Buller Valley.

  • " frondosus, Banks and Sol. On all coastal sandhills.

  • " lacustris, L. On tidal lagoons.

  • Carpha alpina, R. Br. On pakihis, in places growing to a height of 2 ft.; abundant; altitude, from 2,000–4,000 ft.

  • Sckaenus tendo, Banks and Sol. Mount Rochfort; altitude, from 1,000–2,000 ft.

  • " pauciflorus, Hook. f. Not uncommon in subalpine situations.

  • " axillaris, Poir. Westport mountains, up to 2,000 ft.

  • Cladium glotnsratum, R. Br. Not uncommon from sea-level to 2,000 ft.

  • " teretifolium, R. Br. Abundant on pakihis, ascending to an altitude of 2,000 ft.

  • " gunnii, Hook. f. Common on pakihis.

  • " vauthiera, C. B. Clarke. Abundant near the coast.

  • " capillaceum, C. B. Clarke. On high-level pakihis; abundant.

  • Gahnia setifolia, Hook. f. Abundant.

  • " rigida, T. Kirk. Common on swamp lands along the coast.

  • " xanthocarpa, Hook. f. Not uncommon on pakihis and river-flats.

– 426 –
  • Gahnia procera, Forst. On coastal ranges from sea-level to 2,000 ft.

  • " pauciflora, T. Kirk. Mount Frederic; altitude, from 500–1,500 ft.

  • Oreobolus pumilio, R. Br. Mount Rochfort and Mount William; 3,000 ft.

  • Uncinia purpurata, Petrie. Boundary Peak; altitude, 4,500 ft.

  • " cœspitosa, Boott. Not uncommon.

  • " australis, Pers. Common.

  • " riparia, R. Br. Lyell Creek; from 500–1,500 ft.

  • Carex acicularis, Boott. Boundary Peak; altitude, 4,000 ft.

  • " trachycarpa, Cheesem. Mount Mantell, from 3,000–4,500 ft.; Mount Faraday.

  • " virgata, Sol. ex Hook. Common in swamps.

  • " secta, Boott. Common in swamps.

  • " inversa, R. Br. Not uncommon.

  • " colensoi, Boott. On beach at Mokihinui.

  • " leporina, L. Wet land about Orowaiti River.

  • " gaudichaudiana, Kunth. Common on more swampy portions of pakihis north of Westport.

  • " ternaria, Forst. Abundant from sea-level to between 3,000 ft. and 4,000 ft.

  • " ternaria, var. pallida, Cheesem. Buller Valley.

  • " sinclairii, Boott. Boundary Peak; from 4,000–4,500 ft.

  • " dipsacea, Berggr. Not uncommon.

  • " testacea, Sol. ex Boott. Abundant on sandhills.

  • " lucida, Boott. Abundant.

  • " comans, Berggr. Abundant in Buller Valley.

  • " dissita, Sol. ex Hook. Abundant on the sandhills.

  • " solandri, Boott. Mokihinui, on sea-cliffs.

  • " pumila, Thumb. Not uncommon on the coast.

  • " flava, L. Charleston

  • " cockayniana, Kukenthal. Mount Kelvin, 4,000 ft. Cedar Creek.

  • " forsteri, Wahl. Mount Kelvin, 3,500 ft.

  • " pseudo-cyperus, L. Abundant in swampy ground.

Gramineœ.

  • Zoysia pungens, Willd. Plentiful in dry ground near the sea.

  • Spinifex hirsutus, Labill. Common on sandhills between Westport and Charleston.

  • Ehrharta colensoi, Hook, f. Mount Rochfort, Paparoas; from 3,000–5,000 ft.

  • " thomsoni, Petrie. On all coastal mountains, from 2,000–4,000 ft.

  • Microlœna stipoides, R. Br. A common grass on the pakihis.

– 427 –
  • Microlœna avenacea, Hook. f. Abundant in forests, ascending to 2,500 ft.

  • Hierochloe redolens, R. Br. Not uncommon on the pakihis.

  • " fraseri, Hook. f. Common in subalpine regions.

  • Echinopogon ovatius, Beauv. Not uncommon.

  • Sporobolus indicus, R. Br. Patches often met with on pakihis.

  • Agrostis muelleri, Benth. Abundant in mountains from 2,000–4,000 ft.

  • " dyeri, Petrie. Mount Glasgow; altitude, 4,000 ft.

  • " parviflora, R. Br. Near summit of Mount Rochfort, 3,000 ft.

  • Deyeuxia forsteri, var. lyalli. Cape Foulwind; abundant.

  • " billardieri, Kunth. Mokihinui Beach, Tauranga Bay.

  • " setifolia, Hook. Mount Rochfort; altitude, from 2,000–3,000 ft.

  • " quadriseta, Benth. Not uncommon.

  • Dichelachne crinita, Hook. f. Abundant on sandhills near coast.

  • " sciurea, Hook. f. Four-mile Saddle, on road to Brighton.

  • Deschampsia cœspitosa, Beauv. Common around the Orowaiti district.

  • Trisetum antarcticum, Trin. Boundary Peak; from 3,000–4,000 ft.

  • Danthonia cunninghamii, Hook. f. Buller Valley, Mokihinui; but not common in the vicinity of Westport or in the lower Buller.

  • " raoulii, Steud. Abundant in the mountains at elevation of from 3,000–5,000 ft. There is a good deal of variation in the breadth of leaf in various localities.

  • " australis, Buch. A common grass on the Paparoas; altitude, from 3,000–5,000 ft.

  • " semiannularis, R. Br. Abundant throughout, especially on pakihis.

  • Arundo conspicua, Forst. Common throughout, on sandhills, river-banks, and swamps.

  • Poa novœ-zealandiœ, Hack. Mount Lyell, Mount Glasgow, at an elevation of 4,000 ft.; abundant.

  • " anceps, Forst. Buller Valley and Fox's River.

  • " dipsacea, Petrie. Boundary Peak; from 3,000–4,000ft.

  • " cheesemanii, Hack. Only gathered on two occasions, on pakihi south of Westport.

  • " cœspitosa, var. australis, Benth. Not uncommon on the sea-cliffs.

  • " colensoi, Hook. f. Paparoa Range; altitude, from 4,000–5,000 ft.

  • " colensoi, var. intermedia, Cheesem. Buller Valley.

– 428 –
  • Poa kirkii, var. mackayi, Hack. Mount Lyell and Boundary Peak, at an elevation of from 3,000–4,000 ft.

  • " imbecilla, Forst. Brunner Range; from 4,000–5,000 ft.

  • Festuca littoralis, Labill. Common on sandhills near sea.

  • " ovina, L. Denniston plateau.

  • Agropyrum scabrum, Beauv. Seal Island, near Brighton.

Filices.

  • Hymenophyllum rarum, R. Br. Not uncommon in mountainous districts; altitude, from 1,000–2,000 ft.

  • " polyanthos, Swartz. Abundant.

  • " australe, Willd. Abundant in lowland forests.

  • " pulcherrimum, Col. Not uncommon up to 2,000 ft.

  • " dilatatum, Swartz. In shady woods throughout.

  • " demissum, Swartz. Common from sea-level to 3,000 ft.

  • " scabrum, A. Rich. Abundant.

  • " flabellatum Lab. Abundant, ascending to 2,000 ft.

  • " rufescens, T. Kirk. Abundant in mountainous districts, ascending to 3,000 ft.

  • " subtilissimum, Kunze. An abundant fern in woods at sea-level, ascending to 2,000 ft. or more.

  • " malingii, Metten. Mount Rochfort; 2,000 ft.

  • " tunbridgense, Smith. Abundant; sea-level to 2,000 ft.

  • " multifidum, Swartz. Buller Valley; not uncommon.

  • " bivalve, Swartz. Abundant throughout district.

  • Trichomanes reniforme, Forst. Abundant up to an altitude of 3,000 ft.

  • " lyallii, and Bak. Plentiful from sea-level to 2,000 ft.

  • " humile, Forst. Not uncommon.

  • " venosum, R. Br. Abundant.

  • " colensoi, Hook. f. Mount Rochfort; altitude, from 1,000–2,000 ft.

  • " strictum, Menz. ex Hook. and Grev. Not uncommon from sea-level to 2,000 ft.

  • " elongatum, A. Cunn. Giles's Creek, not common; Buller Valley.

  • Cyathea dealbata, Swartz. Granity Creek, but rare in Westport district

– 429 –
  • Cyathea medullaris, Swartz. Abundant in river-valleys; ascending to 2,000 ft.

  • Hemitelia smithii, Hook. ex Hook, and Baker. Abundant.

  • Dicksonia squarrosa, Swartz. Common up to 2,000 ft.

  • " lanata, Col. Mount Rochfort and Mount Frederic; sea-level to 2,000 ft.

  • Davallia novœ-zealandiœ, Col. Abundant in Buller Valley.

  • Cystopteris fragilis, Bernh. Mount Owen, 5,000 ft

  • Lindsaya trichomanoides, Dryand. Abundant.

  • " viridis, Col. Giles's Creek, Millerton, Costello's Hill on Charleston Road.

  • Adiantum œthiopicum, L. Buller Valley, at Blackwater and Inangahua.

  • " affine, Willd. Common throughout.

  • Hypolepis tenuifolia, Bernh. Serjeant's Hill.

  • " distans, Hook. Not uncommon throughout.

  • Pellœa falcata, Fée, gen. Buller Valley; not uncommon.

  • " rotundifolia, Hook. Buller Valley; not uncommon.

  • Pteris aquilina, L. Common; sea-level to 3,000 ft.

  • " scaberula, A. Rich. Common up to 2,000 ft.

  • " tremula, R. Br. Bank of Buller, near Westport.

  • " macilenta, A. Rich. Abundant in low forest fringing the coast-line.

  • " incisa, Thunb. Abundant at low elevations.

  • Lomaria patersoni, Spreng. In most damp gullies and gorges throughout the district.

  • " discolor, Willd. Abundant.

  • " vulcanica, Blume. Abundant on river-banks throughout the district.

  • " lanceolata, Spreng. Common.

  • " banksii, Hook. f. Comparatively common on the cliffs along the coast.

  • " alpina, Spreng. Abundant on banks of Buller River.

  • "nigra, Col. Not uncommon in damp shady situations; ascending to 2,000 ft.

  • " fluviatilis, Spreng. Common.

  • " membranacea, Col. Not uncommon in lower Buller Valley.

  • " frazeri, A. Cunn. Abundant in many gullies on the sea face of the mountains and in the forest fringing the lowland pakihis.

  • Asplenium flabellifolium, Cav. Upper Buller Valley.

  • " falcatum, Lam. Not uncommon.

  • " obtusatum, Forst. Plentiful along the coast.

  • " hookerianum, Col. Not uncommon on wooded banks of Buller River.

– 430 –
  • Asplenium bulbiferum, Forst. Abundant throughout.

  • " flaccidum, Forst. Abundant throughout.

  • " umbrosum, J. Sm. Not uncommon on wooded banks of Buller River.

  • Aspidium aculeatum, Swartz. Abundant throughout, ascending to an altitude of 4,000 ft.

  • " richardi, Hook. In several situations in lower Bullor Valley.

  • " capense, Willd. Not uncommon throughout.

  • Nephrodium decompositum, R. Br. Forests on Mount Rochfort, &c.

  • " glabellum, A. Cunn. Plentiful in Buller Valley, &c.

  • " hispidum, Hook. Abundant in forests.

  • Polypodium punctatum, Thunb. Not uncommon in river-valley.

  • " pennigerum, Forst Abundant from sea-level to 2,000 ft.

  • " australe, Mett. Not uncommon.

  • " grammitidis, R Br. Not uncommon from sea-level to 2,000 ft.

  • " tenellum, Forst. Cape Foulwind, on rocks; Mokihinui, on trunks of trees, on beach track to Karamea.

  • " serpens, Forst. Abundant throughout; a curiously matted form on Mount Faraday, at 4,000 ft.

  • " cunninghamii, Hook. Not uncommon in Buller Valley.

  • " pustulatum, Forst. Abundant.

  • " billardieri, R. Br. Abundant from sea-level to 3,000 ft.

  • Gleichenia circinata, Swartz. Plentiful, ascending to 2,000 ft.

  • " dicarpa, R. Br. Common on pakihis, ascending to 2,000 ft.

  • " cunninghamii, Heward ex Hook. Not uncommon throughout.

  • Schizea fistulosa, Labill. Not uncommon on lowland and upland pakihis.

  • Todea hymenophylloides, A. Rich. Not uncommon below 2,000 ft.

  • " superba, Col. Mokihinui, Karamea, Buller Valley; abundant in shady situations; sea-level to 3,000 ft.

  • Ophioglossum vulgatum, L. In many localities.

Lycopodiaceœ.

  • Lycopodium billardieri, Spring. Not uncommon in Westport district.

  • " ramulosum, T. Kirk. Abundant on some of the upland pakihis.

– 431 –
  • Lycopodium fastigiatum, R. Br. Mount Frederic and other mountains, from 2,000–3,000 ft.

  • " scariosum, Forst. Abundant; sea-level to 3,000 ft.

  • " volubile, Forst. Abundant from sea-level to 3,000 ft.

  • Tmesipteris tannensis, Bernh. Abundant in low forests, pendent from limbs of trees.

Naturalised Plants.

  • Ranunculus acris.

  • Nasturtium officinale.

  • Barbara vulgaris.

  • Capsella bursa-pastoris.

  • Senebiera didyma.

  • " coronopus.

  • Silene gallica.

  • Cerastium glomeratum.

  • " vulgatum.

  • Stellaria media.

  • " graminea.

  • " uliginosa.

  • Sagina apetala.

  • Spergula arvensis.

  • Spergularia rubra.

  • Polycarpon tetraphyllum, L.

  • Portulaca oleracea, L.

  • Hypericum humifusum.

  • Erodium cicutarium.

  • Lupinus arboreus.

  • Cytisus scoparius.

  • Ulex europæus.

  • Medicago denticulata.

  • Trifolium arvense.

  • " pratense.

  • " repens.

  • " hybridum.

  • Lotus major.

  • Vicia sativa.

  • " tetrasperma.

  • Rubus fruticosus.

  • Rosa rubiginosa.

  • Lythrum hyssopifolium.

  • Mesembryanthemum angulatum.

  • Fœniculum vulgare.

  • Arctium lappa.

  • Lapsana communis.

  • Crepis virens.

  • Hypochæris radicata.

  • Anagallis arvensis.

  • Myosotis lingulata.

  • Cuscuta epithymum.

  • Physalis peruviana.

  • Verbascum blattaria.

  • Digitalis purpurea.

  • Veronica serpyllifolia.

  • Lysimachia nummularia.

  • Bartsia viscosa.

  • Mentha pulegium.

  • Plantago lanceolata.

  • " major.

  • " coronopus.

  • Prunella vulgaris.

  • Amarantus blitum.

  • Chenopodium album.

  • " murale.

  • Polygonum convolvulus.

  • Rumex obtusifolius.

  • " viridis.

  • " acetosella.

  • Emex australis.

  • Euphorbia peplus.

  • Asphodelus fistulosus.

  • Panicum crus-galli.

  • Phalaris arundinacea.

  • Anthoxanthum odoratum.

  • Phleum pratense.

  • Agrostis alba.

  • Ammophila arundinacea.

  • Holcus lanatus.

  • Aira caryophyllea.

– 432 –
  • Sherardia arvensis.

  • Bellis perennis.

  • Erigeron canadensis.

  • Achillea millefolium.

  • Chrysanthemum leucanthemum.

  • Helichrysum eymosum.

  • Senecio vulgaris.

  • " sylvaticus.

  • " jacobæa.

  • " aquaticus.

  • " mikanioides.

  • Cynodon dactylon.

  • Brisa minor.

  • Dactylis glomerata.

  • Eleusine indica.

  • Cynosurus cristatus.

  • Poa annua.

  • Glyceria fluitans.

  • Festuca myurus.

  • Bromus mollis.

  • " unioloides.

  • Lolium perenne.