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Volume 40, 1907
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– 304 –

Art. XXV.—Some Hitherto-unrecorded Plant-habitats (III).

[Read before the Philosophical Institute of Canterbury, 11th December, 1907.]

With regard to some of the species noted below, it is possible they may be mentioned prior to the publication of this paper in one or other of the reports I am preparing for the Department of Lands and Survey, but nevertheless I am keeping them here, as it seems convenient to have such unrecorded species together in one publication. A considerable number of the species recorded are from Stewart Island, but certain critical plants from that island are omitted until I publish a general account of the vegetation of that district. of the remainder, the only one worthy of special mention is Pittosporum patulum, a plant hitherto only recorded from the north-west Nelson district, and which has not as yet been found in the intervening country, much of which is certainly well suited as a habitat. Mr. Bond, who collected the specimen, noted only two plants, which were growing within two chains of one another just inside the edge of the bush.

– 305 –

Filices.

Loxsoma Cunninghamii, R. Br.

Beneath Leptospermum scoparium, near River Waipoua, Hokianga County. L. C.!

Dicksonia lanata, Col.

Forest on Mount Hauhungatahi, forming large part of undergrowth up to 1,200 m. L. C.!

Polystichum cystotegia (Hook.), Armstg.

Stony ground near summit of Mount Anglem, Stewart Island. Gibbs, Laing, Crosby-Smith, and L.C.!

Asplenium Lyallii, Moore.

Shore of Paterson Inlet, on rocks, Stewart Island. L.C.!

Asplenium Richardi, Hook. f.

In shade of rock, south of Ruapehu. W. Townson !

Blechnum nigrum (Col.), Mett.

(1.) Moist gullies in forest near Half-moon Bay, Stewart Island; Mrs. Josling, L.C.! (2.) Moist gullies, Waipoua Forest, chiefly upland portion, Hokianga County; L. C.!

Hypolepis millefolium, Hook.

Base of Table Hill, Stewart Island. L. C.!

Polypodium Billardieri (Willd.), C. Chr. (=P. australe, Mett.).

Forest on Bluff Hill. L. C.

Polypodium Billardieri (Willd.), C. Chr., var. rigidum (Homb. and Jacq.).

Forest at base of Mount Anglem, Stewart Island. L. C.!

Spermaphyta.

Taxaceæ.

Dacrydium Colensoi, Hook.

Waipoua Forest. L. C.!

Dacrydium Kirkii, F. Muell.

Waipoua Forest. L. C.

– 306 –

Dacrydium Bidwillii, Hook. f.

Longwood Range. L. C.!

Dacrydium laxifolium, Hook. f.

Longwood Range. L. C.!

Phyllocladus alpinus, Hook. f.

Longwood Range. L. C.!

Gramineæ.

Microlæna stipoides, R. Br.

Kapiti Island. L. C.!

Agrostis Muelleri, Benth.

Ruapehu, at 1,800 m.; and Tongariro, at 1,500 m.-1,600 m. L. C.!

Agrostis Dyeri, Petrie.

Stewart Island. L. C.!

Calamagrostis Billardieri (R. Br.), Steud.

Dunes, Mason's Bay, Stewart Island. Laing and L. C.!

Deschampsia cæspitosa, Beauv.

Swampy ground, Kapiti Island. L. C.!

Deschampsia Chapmani, Petrie.

Mount Anglem, Stewart Island. Gibbs, Crosby-Smith, Laing, and L. C.!

Danthonia flavescens, Hook. f.

Mount Anglem, Stewart Island. Gibbs, Laing, Crosby-Smith, and L. C.!

Danthonia pungens, Cheesem.

Extremely common on Mount Anglem and Table Hill, Stewart Island. L. C.!

Arundo conspicua, Forst. f.

Bluff Hill. L. C.!

Poa novæ-zealandiæ, Hack.

Ruapehu, where water oozes on scoria slope at 1,800 m. L. C.!

– 307 –

Poa Astoni, Petrie.

Coastal rocks, Paterson Inlet, Stewart Island. L. C.!

Agropyrum scabrum (R. Br.), Beauv.

Stewart Island. L. C.!

Cyperaceæ.

Elæocharis acuta, R. Br.

Swampy ground, Stewart Island. L. C.!

Elæocharis Cunninghamii, Boeck.

Swampy ground, Stewart Island. L. C.!

Scirpus sulcatus, Thouars, var. distigmatosa. C. B. Clarke.

Stewart Island. L. C.!

Scripus frondosus, Banks and Sol.

Dunes, Mason's Bay, Stewart Island. Laing and L. C.!

Gahnia procera, Forst.

Forest on Bluff Hill. L. C.!

Uncinia purpurata, Petri [ unclear: ]

Bluff Hill. L. C.!

Uncinia compacta, R. Br.

Stewart Island. L. C.!

Uncinia pedicillata, Kük.

Forests, Stewart Island. L. C.!

Uncinia rubra, Boott.

Old dunes, Mason's Bay, Stewart Island. Laing and L. C.!

Uncinia rigida, Petrie.

Old dunes, Mason's Bay, Stewart Island. Laing and L. C.!

Carex pyrenaica, Wahl.

Where water oozes on scoria slope, Ruapehu, 1,800 m.; and more common on Tongariro, at 1,500 m. L. C.!

Carex secta, Boott.

Stewart Island. L. C.!

– 308 –

Carex Raoulii, Boott.

Bluff Hill. L. C.!

Carex pumila, Thunb.

Dunes, Stewart Island. L. C.

Carex Œderi, Ehrh., var.

Stewart Island. L. C.!

Liliaceæ.

Astelia nervosa, Banks and Sol., var. montana, Kirk.

Longwood Range. L. C.!

Phormium Cookianum, Le Jolis.

(1.) Stewart Island sea-level to subalpine; Gibbs, Laing, Crosby-Smith, and L. C.! (2.) Longwood Range; L. C.!

Urticaceæ.

Urtica incisa, Poir.

Forests, Stewart Island. L. C.!

Polygonaceæ.

Muehlenbeckia complexa, Meissn.

Stewart Island. L. C.!

Loranthaceæ.

Loranthus micranthus, Hook. f.

Stewart Island; not common. L. C.!

Aizoaceæ.

Mesembryanthemum australe, Sol.

Stewart Island. L. C.!

Portulacaceæ.

Claytonia australasica, Hook. f.

Muddy ground, Longwood Range. L. C.!

Caryophyllaceæ.

Colobanthus Billardieri, Fenzl.

Summit of Mount Tama, and on Ruapehu to 1,800 m. L. C.!

Scleranthus biflorus (Forst.), Hook. f.

Stewart Island. L. C.!

– 309 –

Ranunculaceæ

Ranunculus acaulis, Banks and Sol.

Bluff Hill. L. C.!

Caltha novæ-zealandiæ, Hook. f.

Longwood Range. L. C.!

Cruciferæ.

Cardamine uniflora, Hook. f.

Stewart Island. (This is usually considered a variety of C. [ unclear: ] hirsuta, L., but in my garden it remains constant, and reproduces itself true from seed.)

Saxifragaceæ.

Donatia novæ-zealandiæ, Hook. f.

Longwood Range. L. C.!

Pittosporaceæ.

Pittosporum rigidum, Hook. f. (South Island var.)

Subalpine scrub, volcanic plateau, North Island, at 1,200 m. L. C.!

Pittosporum patulum, Hook. f.

Forest on Maitland Creek, at head of Lake Ohau. J. H. C. Bond!

Pittosporum Kirkii.

Waipoua Forest. L. C.!

Rosaceæ.

Rubus schmidelioides, A. Cunn.

Bluff Hill. L. C.!

Rubus schmidelioides, var. coloratus.

Stewart Island. L. C.!

Acæna novæ-zealandiæ, Kirk.

Bluff Hill. L. C.!

Potentilla anserina, L.

Stewart Island. L. C.!

– 310 –

Leguminosæ.

Carmichaelia prona, Kirk.

Stony beach near mouth of River Rakaia, Canterbury. L. C.!

Euphorbiaceæ.

Euphorbia glauca, Forst. f.

Dunes, Mason's Bay, Stewart Island. Laing and L. C.!

Coriariaceæ.

Coriaria thymifolia, Humb. and Bonpl.

Mason's Bay, Stewart Island. Laing and L. C.!

ElæOcarpaceæ.

Aristotelia Colensoi, Hook. f.

Amongst other shrubs on bank of Rakiahua River, Stewart Island. L. C.!

Malvaceæ.

Plagianthus divaricatus, Forst.

Half-moon Bay, Stewart Island. Gibbs, Crosby-Smith, Laing, and L. C.!

Plagianthus cymosus, Kirk.

Port Hills, in remains of forest just above Lyttelton. Petrie and L. C.!

Guttiferæ.

Hypericum japonicum, Thunb.

Stewart Island. L. C.!

Violaceæ.

Hymenanthera, sp.

Mount Anglem, Stewart Island. Gibbs, Laing, Crosby-Smith, and Cockayne! (Recorded by Kirk, but not in Cheese-man's Manual.)

Hymenanthera obovata, Kirk.

Titahi Bay, Wellington. Aston, A. H. Cockayne, L. C.!

Viola filicaulis, Hook. f.

(1.) Bed of River Waipoua; L. C.! (2.) Common in gullies of beech forests, volcanic plateau, North Island; L. C.!

– 311 –

Myrtaceæ.

Metrosideros albiflora, Sol.

Waipoua Forest. L. C.!

Metrosideros diffusa, Sm.

Kaihu Valley, on rocks. L. C.!

Myrtus pedunculata, Hook. f.

Bluff Hill. L. C.!

Onagraceæ.

Epilobium pallidiflorum, Sol.

Stewart Island. L. C.!

Epilobium junceum, Sol.

Stewart Island. L. C.!

Epilobium pictum, Petrie.

Stewart Island. L. C.! (This is evidently a widely dispersed species in New Zealand.)

Epilobium macropus, Hook. f.

Ruapehu, where water oozes from beneath scoria, 1,800 m. altitude. L. C.!

Epilobium insulare, Hausskn.

Stewart Island. L. C.!

Epilobium nerterioides, A. Cunn.

Stewart Island. L. C.!

Epilobium novæ-zealandiæ, Hausskn.

Stewart Island. L. C.!

Epilobium brevipes, Hook. f.

Gorge of Broken River, Canterbury, on face of cliff. L. C.!

Fuchsia procumbens, R. Cunn.

On bank of stream, Kawerua, Hokianga County. L. C.!

– 312 –

Halorrhagidaceæ.

Gunnera prorepens, Hook. f.

(1.) Bluff Hill; L. C.! (2.) On Sphagnum, gully of Oturere River, volcanic plateau, North Island. L. C.!

Gunnera strigosa, Col.

Bank of Waipoua River. L. C.!

Araliaceæ.

Schefflera digitata, Forst.

Forest on Bluff Hill. L. C.!

Umbelliferæ.

Azorella Hookeri, Drude.

Bed of River Waipoua, in forest. L. C.!

Oreomyrrhis andicola, Endl.

Rakiahua Valley, Stewart Island. L. C.!

Aciphylla flabellata (Kirk), comb. nov.

Cliffs at southern extremity of Mason's Bay. Laing and L. C.!

Angelica geniculata (Forst. f.), Hook. f.

Base of Mount Torlesse on western side. L. C.!

Cornaceæ.

Corokia Cotoneaster, Raoul.

Rare in Nothofagus cliffortioides forests, east of volcanic plateau. L. C.!

Ericaceæ.

Gaultheria perplexa, T. Kirk.

Longwood Range. L. C.!

Epacridaceæ.

Pentachondra pumila (Forst. f.), R. Br.

Longwood Range. L. C.!

Myrsinaceæ.

Suttonia divaricata (A. Cunn.), Hook. f.

Forest, Bluff Hill. L. C.!

– 313 –

Gentianaceae.

Liparophyllum Gunnii, Hook. f.

Bogs, volcanic plateau east and west of volcanic ranges. I. C.!

Apocynaceae

Parsonsia heterophylla, A. Cunn.

Stewart Island. L. C.!

Convolvulaceae.

Calystegia tuguriorum (Forst. f.), R. Br

Boraginanceae.

Myosotis Cheesemanii, Petrie.

Cliffs, gorge of Broken River. L. C.!

Myosotis spathulata, Forst. f.

Bed of Rakiahau River, Stewart-Island L.C.!

Labiatae.

Mentha Cunninghamii, Benth.

Stewart Island. L.C.!

Scrophulariaceae.

Veronica elliptica, Forst., var

Titahi Bay, Cook Strati, Wellington, B. C. Aston, A. H. Cockayne, and L. C.!

Ourisia Colensoi, Hook.f.

(I do not think this is identical with the North Island plant.) (1.) Longwood Range, in subalpine scrub; Crosby-Smith and L.C.! (2.) Bank of creek in forest, Mount Anglem, Stewart Island; Gibbs, Laing, Crosby-Smith, and L.C.!

Ourisia cæspitosa, Hook. f.

(1.)Tongariro, 1,500 m.; L. C. (2.)West of volcanic plateau, 1,200m.; Phillips, Turner!

Ourisia prorepens, Petrie?

Mount Anglem, Stewart Island. Gibbs. Laing, Crosby Smith, and L.C.!

Euphrasia Dyeri, Wettst.

Longwood Range. L. C.!

– 314 –

Rubiaceae.

Coprosma lucida, Forst. f.

Bluff Hill L. C.!

Coprosma areolata, Cheesm.

Stewart Island. L. C.!

Coprosma rhamnoides, A. Cunn.

Bluff Hill L. C.!

Coprosma parviflora, Hook. f.

Bluff Hill. L. C.!

Coprosma ramulosa, Petrie.

Stewart Island. L. C.!

Coprosma Kirkii, Cheesm.

Sea-coast, Kawerua, Hokianga County. L. C.!

Coprosma fœtidissima, Forst.

Khandallah Domain, and upper portion of Day's Bay forest, Welington. A. H. Cockayne and L. C.!

Coprosma Colensoi, Hook. f.

Upper forest of Ruapehu, on west. L. C.

Coprosma cuneata, Hook. f.

Longwood Range. L. C.!

Coprosma microcarpa, Hook. f.

(1.) Abundant as undergrowth in all the beach forests of the volcanic plateau at 900 m.; to 1,200 m.; L. C. ! (2.) Upper portion of mixed Nothofagus forest, Day's Bay, Wellington. A. H. Cockayne and L. C.!

Coprosma Petriei, Cheesm.

Volcanic plateau not far from Waiouru, at 900 m. altitude. L. C.

Nertera dichondræfolia (A. Cunn.) Hook. f.

Bluff Hill. L. C. !

Galium umbrosum, Sol.

Stewart Island. L. C.!

– 315 –
Candolleaceae.

Forstera sedifolia, L. fil., var. oculata, Cheesm.

Longwood Range. L. C.

Compositae.

Olearia virgata, Hook. f.

(1.) Rakiahua Valley, Stewart Island, amongst shrubs on river-bank; L. C.! (2.) Wet ground near Karioi, south of Ruapehu: L.C.!

Celmisia incana, Hook. f.,

South and west of Raupehy, forming large mats at 1,500 m. altitude L. C.!

Gnaphalium trinerve, Forst. f.

Stewart Island; very common, taking possession of road-cuttings,&c., and son the increase. Gibbs, Laing, Crosby-Smith, and L. C.!

Raoulia glabra, Hook. f.

Near Half-moon Bay, Stewart Island. Laing, Gibbs, Crosby Smith, and L. C.!

Helichrysum grandiceps, Hook. f.

Table Hill Range, Stewart Island. L. C.!

Cotula Traillii, Kirk.

(1.) Base of Bluff Hill; L. C.! (2.) Dog Island and Centre Island; L. C.!

Cotula squalida, Hook. f.

Bluff Hill. L. C.!

Erechtites arguta, D. C.

Kapiti Island. L. C.!

Senecio scrozonerioides, Hook. f.

Table Hill, Stewart Island; very plentiful. L. C.

Senecio elæagnifolius, Hook. f.

Longwood Range. L. C.!

Taraxaclum glabratum (Forst. f.), Cockayne.

Stewart Island. L. C.!