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Volume 42, 1909
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Art. II.—List of Recent Shells found Fossil in New Zealand.

Communicated by Dr. Chilton.

[Read before the Philosophical Institute of Canterbury, 3rd November, 1909]

During my recent study of the New Zealand Mollusca I made a list of species which have been recorded as fossil, and it may be of interest to have it published.

P. stands for Pliocene, M. for Miocene, O. for the Oamaru Series.

The latter formation was considered by Zittel to belong to the Oligocene or Upper Eocene, by Hutton to the Oligocene, whilst Professor

– 9 –

J. Park classed it under the Miocene. Tate, Harris, and Von Ihering, however, consider it to belong to the Eocene.

1.

Acanthochites zelandicus, Q. & G. P.

2.

Chiton pellisserpentis, Q. & G. P.

3.

Acmœa dœdala, Suter. P.

4.

Scissurella rubiginosa, Hutton. P.

5.

mantelli, Woodward. P.

6.

Haliotis australis, Gm. P.

7.

iris, Martyn. M.

8.

Emarginula striatula, Q. & G. P., M.

9.

Subemarginula intermedia, Reeve. P.

10.

parmophoidea, Q. & G. P.

11.

Fissuridea monilifera, Hutton. P.

12.

Trochus chathamensis, Hutton. P.

13.

tiaratus, Q. & G. P.

14.

viridis, Gm. P.

15.

Monodonta œthiops, Gm. P.

16.

corrosa, A. Adams. P.

17.

lugubris, Gm. P.

18.

Cantharidus pupillus, Hutton. P.

19.

purpuratus, Martyn. P.

20.

sanguineus, Gray. P.

21.

ten brosus, A. Adams. P., M., O.

22.

Monilea egena, Gould. P.

23.

Calliostoma pellucidum, Valenciennes. P., M.

24.

punctulatum, Martyn. P., M.

25.

selectum, Chemnitz. P.

26.

spectabile, A. Adams. M., O.

27.

Lissosspira corulum, Hutton. P.

28.

Turbo smaragdus, Martyn. P.

29.

granosus, Martyn. P., M.

30.

Leptothyra fluctuata, Hutton. P.

31.

Astrœ heliotropium, Martyn. P.

32.

Ethalia zelandica, Hombr. & Jacq. P., M.

33.

Rissoa (s. str.) impressa, Hutton. P.

34.

(Cingula) zosterophila, Webster. P.

35.

Rissoina (s. str.) rugulosa, Hutton. P.

36.

(Zebina) emarginata, Hutton. P.

37.

(Eatoniella) olivacea, Hutton. P.

38.

Cerithidea bicarinata, Gray. P.

39.

Seila terebelloides, Martens. P.

40.

Serpulus sipho, Lamarck. P., M.

41.

Stephopoma nucleogranosum, Verco. P.

42.

Cœcum digitulum, Hedley. P.

43.

Turritella rosea, Q. & G. P., M., O.

44.

pagoda, Reeve. P., M.

45.

Carlottœ, Watson. P., M.

46.

symmetrica, Hutton. P., M., O. (=kanieriensis, Harris.)

47.

Struthiolaria papulosa, Martyn. P., M., O.

48.

vermis, Martyn. P., M.

49.

vermis tricarinata, Lesson. P.

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50.

Xenophora corrugata, Reeve. P., M. (=neozelanica, Suter.

51.

Calyptrœa scutum, Lesson. P., M.

52.

alta, Hutton. P., M.

53.

maculata, Q. & G. P., M., O. (=calyptrœformis of authors, non Lamarck.)

54.

Crepidula crepidula, L. P., M., O.

55.

costata, Sowerby. P., M.

56.

Natica zelandica, Q. & G. P., M., O.

57.

australis, Hutton. P.

58.

Polinices amphialus, Watson. P.

59.

Ampullina undulata, Hutton. P.

60.

Trichotropis clathrata, Sowerby. P.

61.

Trivia australis, Lamarck. P.

62.

Cymatium spengleri, Chemnitz. P., M., O.

63.

Phalium achatinum pyrum, Lamarck. P.

64.

Epitonium zelebori, Dunker. P., M.

65.

Turbonilla zealandica, Hutton. P.

66.

Odostomia (s. str.) bembix, Suter. P.

67.

(Pyrgulina,) rugata, Hutton. P., M.

68.

Eulima treadwelli, Hutton. P.

69.

Megalatractus maximus, Tryon. P.

70.

Fusinus spiralis, A. Adams. P., M.

71.

Latirus huttoni, Suter. P.

72.

Vexillum rubiginosum, Hutton. P.

73.

planatum, Hutton. P.

74.

biconicum, Murdoch and Suter. P.

75.

marginatum, Hutton. P.

76.

Siphonalia nodosa, Martyn. P., M., O.

77.

caudata, Q. & G. M.

78.

dilatata, Q. & G. P., M.

79.

mandarina, Duclos. P., M., O.

80.

Euthria linea, Martyn. P., M.

81.

linea traversi, Hutton. P.

82.

littorinoides, Reeve. P.

83.

striata, Hutton. P.

84.

Cominella maculata, Martyn. P., M.

85.

maculosa, Martyn. P.

86.

nassoides, Reeve. P., M.

87.

zealandiœ, Reeve. P.

88.

lurida, Philippi. P.

89.

virgata, H. and A. Adams. P.

90.

huttoni, Kobelt. P., M.

91.

costata, Q. & G. var. P.

92.

Murex octogonus, Q. & G. P.

93.

octogonus umbilicatus, T. Woods. P.

94.

octogonus espinosus, Hutton. P.

95.

zelandicus, Q. & G. P., M.

96.

angasi, Crosse. P.

97.

Trophon ambiguus, Philippi. P.

98.

rugosus, Q. & G. P.

99.

cheesemani, Hutton. P.

100.

corticatus, Hutton. P.

– 11 –
101.

Trophon plebejus, Hutton. P.

102.

bonneti, Cossmann. P.

103.

Thais succincta, Martyn. P.

104.

Admete trailli, Hutton. P.

105.

Mitrella choava, Reeve. P.

106.

Alcira transitans, Murdoch. P.

107.

varians, Hutton. P.

108.

Fulguraria arabica, Martyn. P., M., O.

109.

arabica elongata, Swainson. P., M., O.

110.

gracilis, Swainson. P., M.

111.

Ancilla australis, Sowerby. P., M., O.

112.

australis pyramidalis, Reeve. P.

113.

depressa, Sowerby. P., M.

114.

mucronata, Sowerby. P.

115.

Marginella albescens, Hutton. M.

116.

Drillia novœ-zelandiœ, Reeve. P.

117.

lœvis, Hutton. P.

118.

trailli, Hutton. M.

119.

Mitromorpha striata, Hutton. P., M.

120.

Bathytoma albula, Hutton. P., M.

121.

cheesemani, Hutton. P.

122.

nodilirata, Murdoch and Suter. P.

123.

Mangilia dictyota, Hutton. P.

124.

protensa, Hutton. P.

125.

sinclairi, E. A. Smith. P.

126.

Daphnella cancellata, Hutton. P.

127.

Terebra tristis, Deshayes. P.

128.

Pupa alba, Hutton. P.

129.

Tornatina pachys, Watson. P.

130.

Volvulella reflexa, Hutton. M.

131.

Cylichnella striata, Hutton. P., M.

132.

Amphibola crenata, Martyn. P.

133.

Endodonta coma, Gray. P.

134.

Dentalium nanum, Hutton. P.

135.

opacum, Sowerby. P., M. (=conicum, Hutton.

136.

Dentalium ecostatum, T. W. Kirk. P., M.

137.

Nucula nitidula, A. Adams. P., M.

138.

Leda bellula, A. Adams. P.

139.

fastidiosa, A. Adams. P., M.

140.

Malletia australis, Q. & G. P., M.

141.

Poroleda lanceolata, Hutton. P.

142.

Anomia huttoni, Suter, n. sp. P., M., O. (=alectus, Hutton, non Gray.

143.

Anomia undata, Hutton. P., M., O. (=cytœum, Hutton, non Gray.)

144.

Anomia walteri, Hector. P.

145.

Placunanomia zelandica, Gray. P., M. (=ione, Gray.)

146.

Arca decussata, Sowerby. P., M., O.

147.

Glycymeris laticostata, Q. & G. P., M., O.

148.

velutina, Suter. P., M.

149.

Mytilus canaliculus, Martyn. P., M.

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150.

Mytilus magellanicus, Lamarck. P., M., O.

151.

Modiolus australis, Gray. P., M.

152.

Modiolaria impacta, Hermann. P.

153.

Pecten medius, Lamarck. P., O.

154.

radiatus, Hutton. P., M.

155.

zelandiœ, Gray. P., M.

156.

convexus, Q. & G. P., M.

157.

Lima lima, L. P.

158.

angulata, Sowerby. P.

159.

bullata, Born. P., M., O.

160.

Ostrea angasi, Sowerby. P., M., O.

161.

hyotis, L. P.

162.

corrugata, Hutton. P., M.

163.

Atrina zelandica, Gray. P., M., O.

164.

Crassatellites obesus, A. Adams. M.

165.

Cardita calyculata, L. P.

166.

Venericardia australis, Lamarck. P., M.

167.

difficilis, Deshayes. P., M.

168.

zelandica, Deshayes. P.

169.

Loripes concinna, Hutton. P., M.

170.

Divaricella cumingi, Adams and Angas. P., M., O.

171.

Diplodonta zelandica, Gray. P., M.

172.

globularis, Lamarck. P.

173.

Erycina parva, Deshayes. P.

174.

Diplodon menziesi aucklandicus, Gray. P.

175.

Tellina eugonia, Suter. P., M. (=angulata, Hutton, non Gmelin.)

176.

Tellina disculus, Deshayes. P.

177.

alba, Q. & G. P., M.

178.

glabrella, Deshayes. P.

179.

Leptomya lintea, Hutton. P.

180.

Mesodesma subtriangulatum, Gray. P., M.

181.

australe, Gm. P., M.

182.

Mactra scalpellum, Reeve. P.

183.

discors, Gray. P., M.

184.

elongata, Q. & G. P., M.

185.

ovata, Gray. P.

186.

rudis, Hutton. P.

187.

Spisula ordinaria, E. A. Smith. P.

188.

œquilateralis, Deshayes. P.

189.

Zenatia acinaces, Q. & G. P., M.

190.

Dosinia lambata, Gould. P., M.

191.

anus, Philippi. P.

192.

subrosea, Grey. P., M.

193.

greyi, Zittel. P., M.

194.

Macrocallista multistriata, Sowerby. P., M., O.

195.

Cytherea oblonga, Hanley. P., M.

196.

subsulcata, Suter. P.

197.

Chione stutchburyi, Gray. P., M., O.

198.

yatei, Gray. P.

199.

crassa, Q. & G. P., M.

200.

mesodesma, Q. & G. P., M.

201.

Paphia intermedia, Q. & G. P., M.

– 13 –
202.

Protocardia pulchella, Gray. P., M.

203.

Psammobia lineolata, Gray. P., M., O.

204.

stangeri, Gray. P., M.

205.

Soletellina nitida, Gray. P., M.

206.

Corbula macilenta, Hutton. P.

207.

zelandica, Q. & G. P.

208.

Saxicava arctica, L. P.

209.

Panopea zelandica, Q. & G. P., M.

210.

Pholadidea spathulata, Sowerby. P.

211.

Barnea similis, Gray. P.

212.

Thracia vitrea, Hutton. P., M.

213.

Cochlodesma angasi, Crosse and Fischer. P.

214.

Myodora antipodum, E. A. Smith. P.

215.

boltoni, E. A. Smith. P.

216.

novœ-zealandiœ, E. A. Smith. P.

217.

striata, Q. & G. P.

218.

subrostrata, E. A. Smith. P., M.

219.

Chamostrea albida, Lamarck. P., M.