This generic name supersedes Palaeomicra Meyr., but I have formed a new genus, Micropardalis, to contain doroxena Meyr.
Sabatinca caustica n. sp.
♂. 9–10 mm. Head and thorax bronzy-orange-ochreous, thorax sometimes marked with whitish. Antennae ochreous, towards apex blackish. Abdomen dark purple-grey. Forewings ovate-lanceolate, costa moderately arched, apex pointed, termen extremely obliquely rounded; violet-copperyochreous, in one specimen largely suffused with whitish; in one specimen a spot of dark purple-fuscous suffusion on dorsum towards base, one in disc beyond middle, and some irregular marking towards termen, and in the whitish-suffused specimen the dark purple-fuscous suffusion forms a blotch along anterior portion of costa connected with a large oblique blotch in middle of disc, a streak along dorsum from base to ⅔, a subterminal fascia enclosing a white spot on costa, and a mark along termen in middle, but in the other two specimens there are no markings: cilia goldenochreous. Hindwings deep purple; cilia pale golden-ochreous.
Seaward Moss, Invercargill, in October (Philpott); four specimens. The amount of variation is remarkable, but all the specimens were taken together, and are undoubtedly the same species; the shape of forewings is characteristic, being more pointed than in any other species. The species may be placed between zonodoxa and chrysargyra.
Sabatinca incongruella Walk.
This name supersedes chalcophanes Meyr.
Sabatinca calliarcha n. sp.
♂. 12 mm. Head light bronzy - ochreous, hairs extremely long. Antennae pale ochreous [ringed with dark fuscous. Thorax clothed
with long bronzy-ochreous hairs, beneath which is a white bent stripe on each side of back. Abdomen blackish, apex ochreous - whitish. Forewings elongate-ovate, costa moderately arched, apex obtuse, termen very obliquely rounded; yellow; dorsum suffused with ferruginous-brown, with a few black scales on edge; four golden-whitish streaks from costa between base and ⅔ converging towards posterior half of dorsum, first edged posteriorly with ferruginous-brown mixed with indigo-black, hardly reaching dorsum, other three margined on both sides with ferruginous - brown streaks and on costa with black, second and fourth reaching dorsum, third reaching about half across wing; posterior area ferruginous-brownish somewhat mixed with pale yellowish, with an irregular black dot in disc at ¾, and four black dots on costa edged beneath with golden-whitish; a thick black streak lying along termen from near apex to tornus, edged with ochreous-yellowish and interrupted to form a long upper and short lower portion, upper portion including two goldenmetallic terminal dots: cilia light ochreous-yellowish, with a violet-coppery basal line edged externally with grey. Hindwings deep purple, disc and veins blackish; cilia blackish-grey.
Bluecliff, Invercargill, in December (Philpott); one fine specimen. This is a beautiful and remarkably distinct species, showing some superficial approximation to Micropardalis doroxena, but structurally a true Sabatinca in all respects. I regard it, however, as the earliest form of the genus. I entertain no doubt that other forms of this primitive family remain to be discovered in New Zealand, and, as they are amongst the most important and interesting elements of the fauna, it is very desirable that collectors should make special efforts to find them. Probably the larvae feed on damp mosses, and Conifer forests are the most likely locality, especially in the early part of the season, perhaps before collectors usually take the field. The perfect insects fly in the sunshine, but in partially shaded places, and are sometimes extremely difficult to see.