4.Additions to the Fish Fauna of the Kermadec Islands.
[Read before the Philosophical Institute of Canterbury, 12th July, 1911.]
In consequence of the destruction of his farm at the Kermadec Islands by the recent hurricane, Mr. Roy C. Bell returned with his family to New Zealand. He brought with him a small collection of fishes, in continuation of the endeavours of Mr. W. R. B. Oliver, who, as a member of the party which visited the islands in 1908, supplied the material already recorded.* The specimens were, for the most part, picked up dry upon the beach or gathered from rock-pools on Sunday Island. Owing to mutilation many of them are irrecognizable, and those which can be identified are known species. The following have not been previously recorded from the Kermadec Islands:—
[Footnote] * Waite: Trans. N.Z. Inst., vol. 42, 1910, pp. 370–383, pl. xxxv and xxxvi.
Euleptorhamphus longirostris Cuvier, Règne Anim., 2nd ed., vol. 2, p. 286, 1829.
The only specimen contained in the collection measures 336 mm. from the tip of the upper jaw to the end of the middle rays of the caudal, and the mandible projects 120 mm. beyond the upper jaw. I have previously recorded this species for Lord Howe Island.*
Aulacocephalus temmincki Bleeker, Verh. Batav. Gen., vol. 26, 1857, Ichth. Jap., p. 12.
This record appears to be the first for the species in the Western Hemisphere, and the locality represents its most southerly known range. The places whence it has been obtained are widely separated, and are as follows: Japan, Siam, Mauritius, Kermadec Islands. The specimen measures 270 mm. in length.
Epinephelus daemelii Günther, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (4), vol. 17, p. 391, 1876.
Quite common on the coast of New South Wales, and found also at Lord Howe and Norfolk Islands, this species is now recorded for the Kermadec Islands, and furnishes another instance of the similarity of their respective fish faunas, a matter to which I have already drawn attention.
Upeneus signatus Günther, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3), vol. 20, p. 59, 1867.
A similar example is provided by the red mullet, known from the waters of New South Wales and Lord Howe Island. Though not yet taken at Norfolk Island, it is tolerably certain to be found there when representative collections of its fauna are made.
[Footnote] * Waite: Rec. Aust. Mus., vol. 5, p. 24, 1903.