Go to National Library of New Zealand Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa
Volume 47, 1914
This text is also available in PDF
(2 MB) Opens in new window
– 205 –

Art. XXVII.—Revision of New Zealand Tineina.

Communicated by Dr. Charles Chilton.

[Read before the Philosophical Institute of Canterbury, 2nd December, 1914.]

In pursuance of the series of papers revising the classification of groups of the Lepidoptera, I now deal with the Tineina. This is in New Zealand, as elsewhere, the largest group, the most interesting for study, and also, on account of the relatively small size of the species, the least studied; doubtless, therefore, there still remain a large number of additional species to be discovered. Expert search by entomologists possessed of good eyesight and acumen, together with careful breeding of larvae, is needed to fill up the list; and special exploration should be made of mountain regions at other times than midsummer; under such circumstances few species would be found, but it is not improbable that they might be of a specially interesting character.

The Tineina usually constitute more than a third of the whole Lepidoptera of any given region, and this proportion is apparently maintained in New Zealand. Of the 327 species of the group, 119 belong to the Oecophoridae, or 36 per cent.; only in Australia does a similar proportion prevail, the usual ratio being about 9 per cent. It is curious that in the Hawaiian Islands, which have some faunal analogy with New Zealand (e.g., the great preponderance of the genus Scoparia in both), the Oecophoridae are entirely absent. It is remarkable also that whilst New Zealand agrees with Australia in the numerical prevalence of the Oecophoridae, there is little near relationship between the representatives of the two regions, the chief Australian genera (such as Philobota and Eulechria) being only represented in New Zealand by one or two casual stragglers; the only genus well established in both regions, Borkhausenia, is cosmopolitan.

Other marked features are the scanty representation of the usually preponderating family Gelechiadae, the considerable development of the Glyphipterygidae (especially Glyphipteryx itself), and the absence of the Adelidae, which is an ancient family and present in all other continental regions (for I consider New Zealand as a continent, or rather the remains of one). These features are difficult to explain on any theory, and at present too little is known of the Tineina of the southern parts of South America to estimate accurately the amount of relationship with that region. Certain Glyphipterygid genera (Heliostibes, and allies) are undoubtedly of South American origin; so also is the Gelechiad genus Anisoplaca. The genera of Heliodinidae are all evidently connected with Queensland; the Cosmopterygidae, Gracilariadae, and Lyonetiadae seem also all to have come from the same region.

On a general consideration of the facts it seems that the native fauna is composed of three elements introduced at different periods of time—viz. (1) a South American element, which is the oldest, yet of a geological age not very remote, perhaps the Eocene, previous to which the region was entirely devoid of insects or flowering-plants; to this belong all the larger genera, Borkhausenia, Gymnobathra, Trachypepla, Izatha, Simaethis, Glyphipteryx (in part), and the Micropterygidae (which for convenience I

– 206 –

also deal with now), and a very few of the smaller genera, this fauna having been of a very limited character, and further restricted by the nature of the Antarctic lands through which the transmission was effected: (2) a mingled Australian and Indo-Malayan element derived from Queensland and the South Pacific by way of New Caledonia at a later period, conjecturally the Miocene, and including most of the smaller genera; at the same time a slight cross-immigration of the earlier element into Queensland took place (Trachypepla, Sabatinca): (3) a small Tasmanian element, which has made its way (wind-borne) into New Zealand in quite recent times, the species being identical and unmodified (e.g., Cateristis). A fourth element of artificially introduced species is now being superadded.

The generic and family characters given only hold good for the New Zealand species, and synonymy and references are restricted to those of local use.

1.Gelechiadae.

Head with appressed scales. Labial palpi long, recurved, pointed, usually acute. Maxillary palpi very short, appressed. Forewings with 2 usually from near angle, 7 and 8 stalked, 7 to costa. Hindwings more or less trapezoidal, termen sinuate or emarginate; 6 and 7 usually approximated or stalked.

An immense family, abundant in all the main regions, but less prominent in Australia, and only scantily represented in New Zealand. The species are often inconspicuous and of retired habits, but are undoubtedly really scarce here.

1.Epiphthora Meyr.

Epiphthora Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. xx, 77 (1888); type, melanombra Meyr.

Basal joint of antennae with pecten. Labial palpi with scales of second joint rough beneath towards apex, terminal joint much shorter, roughened anteriorly. Hindwings under 1, termen abruptly emarginate beneath acutely produced apex; 3 and 4 rather approximated, 5 nearly parallel, 6 and 7 rather approximated towards base.

A genus of some extent in Australia, and occurring also in the Indian and African regions, but easily overlooked. The structural particulars originally given by me are in part inaccurate.

1.E. melanombra Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1887, 77.

Christchurch. Larva mining in leaves of Olearia avicenniaefolia.

2.Megacraspedus Zell.

Megacraspedus Zell., Isis 1839, 189 (1839); type, dolosellus Zell.

Basal joint of antennae without pecten. Labial palpi with second joint tufted towards apex beneath, terminal joint as long as second. Hindwings with termen emarginate beneath produced apex; 3 and 4 remote, 5 nearer 6, 6 and 7 remote.

A genus of wide distribution, more developed in Australia than elsewhere.

2.M. calamogona Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1885, 163.

Christchurch, Invercargill. Larva in seed - heads of Arundo conspicua.

– 207 –

3.Aristotelia Hüb.

Aristotelia Hub., Verz. 424 (1826); type, decurtella Hüb. Isochasta

Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. xviii, 163 (1886); type, paradesma Meyr.

Basal joint of antennae without pecten. Labial palpi with second joint roughened beneath, terminal joint nearly as long, somewhat thickened. Forewings with 6 and 7 out of 8. Hindwings with termen emarginate beneath acute apex; 3 and 4 remote, 5 nearer 6 than 4, 6 and 7 remote. A large genus of general distribution.

3.A. paradesma Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1885, 163.

Invercargill.

4.Thiotricha Meyr.

Thiotricha Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. xviii, 164 (1886); type, thorybodes Meyr.

Antennae in ♂ with long fine ciliations, basal joint without pecten. Labial palpi with second joint smooth, terminal joint as long as second. Forewings with 4 absent, 6 out of 7 or separate, 8 absent. Hindwings with termen sinuate beneath pointed apex; 3 and 4 connate, 5 rather approximated, 6 and 7 stalked.

Fairly well developed in the Indian and Australian regions.

4.T. tetraphala Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1885, 164.

Whangarei, Dunedin, Lake Wakatipu.

5.T. thorybodes Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1885, 164.

Wellington, Christchurch

5.Phthorimaea Meyr.

Phthorimaea Meyr., Ent. M. Mag. xxxviii, 103 (1902); type, operculella Zell.

Basal joint of antennae without pecten. Labial palpi with second joint expanded with rough projecting scales beneath, terminal joint as long as second or shorter. Hindwings 1 or hardly over, with termen sinuate beneath acute apex; 3 and 4 connate, 5 somewhat approximated, 6 and 7 remote or approximated at base, posteriorly parallel.

A very extensive genus of wide distribution.

6.P operculella Zell., Zool. Bot. Ver. 1873. 262: terrella Walk., Cat. xxx, 1024 (praeocc.): solanella Boisd., J.B. Soc. Centr. Hort. 1874, 713; Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1885, 166.

Taranaki, Napier, Nelson, Christchurch: a native of North America, now widely spread in Australia, Africa, and Europe. Larva in tubers of potato (Solanum nigrum); very destructive.

7.P. thyraula Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1885, 167.

Christchurch, Castle Hill.

8.P. brontophora Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1885, 168.

Christchurch, Invercargill.

9.P. cheradias Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1908, 12.

Invercargill.

10.P. glaucoterma Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1910, 63.

Invercargill.

11.P. hippeis Meyr., Trans. Ent Soc. Lond. 1901, 573.

Christchurch.

– 208 –

6.Gelechia Hüb.

Gelechia Hüb., Verz. 415 (1826); type, rhombella Schiff.

Basal joint of antennae without pecten. Labial palpi with second joint expanded, with rough projecting scales beneath, terminal joint as long as second or shorter. Hindwings over 1, termen somewhat sinuate beneath apex; 3 and 4 connate, 5 rather approximated, 6 and 7 approximated at base or stalked, posteriorly diverging.

A very large genus, principally characteristic of Europe, Africa, and America.

12.G. schematica Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1885, 168.

Castle Hill, Bealey River.

13.G. parapleura Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1885, 168.

Bealey River.

14.G. pharetria Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1885, 169.

Castle Hill, Arthur's Pass, Mount Arthur; 2,500–4,000 ft.

15.G. monophragma Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1885, 169.

Hamilton, Napier, Wellington, Invercargill.

16.G. lithodes Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1885, 170.

Castle Hill, Bealey River, Arthur's Pass, Lake Wakatipu.

7. Anisoplaca Meyr.

Anisoplaca Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. xviii, 171 (1886); type, ptyoptera Meyr.

Basal joint of antennae without pecten. Labial palpi with second joint densely scaled, with rough projecting scales beneath towards apex, prominent below apex, terminal joint as long as second or longer, stout. Hindwings over 1, termen hardly sinuate beneath obtuse apex; 3 and 4 connate, 5 approximated, 6 and 7 near and parallel on basal half, diverging posteriorly.

Occurs also in South America and South Africa.

17.A. acrodactyla Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1906, 118.

Invercargill.

18.A. achyrota Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1885, 170.

Christchurch, Dunedin. Lake Wakatipu.

19.A. ptyoptera Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1885, 171.

Christchurch.

2.Cosmopterygidae.

Head smooth. Labial palpi long, recurved, acute. Maxillary palpi very short, appressed. Forewings with 1b furcate, 2 from near angle, 7 and 8 stalked, 7 to costa. Hindwings lanceolate, 2–4 remote, parallel, 6 and 7 basally approximated or stalked.

A considerable family of general distribution, little represented in New Zealand.

8.Pyroderces Herr.-Schäff.

Pyroderces Herr.-Schäff., Schmett. Eur. v, 47 (1854); type, argyrogramma Zell.

Labial palpi very long, slender, terminal joint longer than second. Forewings without tufts; 6 and 7 out of 8.

Principally characteristic of the Indian and Australian regions.

– 209 –

20.P. apparitella Walk., Cat. xxx, 1027; Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1888, 174.

Auckland, Wellington.

21.P. aellotricha Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1888, 175.

Hamilton; also Kermadec Islands.

22.P. anarithma Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1888, 175.

Taranaki, Napier, Palmerston, Masterton, Wanganui, Wellington; also common in Australia.

9. Limnoecia Staint.

Limnoecia Staint., Cat. Brit. Tin. Suppl. 4 (1851); type, phragmitella Staint.

Labial palpi very long, slender, terminal joint longer than second. Forewings without tufts, 6 separate.

A genus of some extent, with the same distribution as Pyroderces.

23.L. phragmitella Staint., Cat. Brit. Tin. Suppl. 4; Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1888, 173.

Hamilton; also in Australia, Africa, and Europe. Probably of wide natural distribution, but it is very retired in habit and rarely captured, though easily bred in plenty. Larva in seed-heads of Typha.

10.Zapyrastra Meyr.

Zapyrastra Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. xxi, 171 (1889); type, calliphana Meyr.

Labial palpi moderate, slender, terminal joint shorter than second. Forewings with slight tufts of scales; 6 separate, 9 absent. Hindwings with 5 and 6 stalked.

The single species is perhaps Australian by origin.

24.Z. calliphana Meyr., Trans, N.Z. Inst. 1888, 172.

Wellington, Christchurch, Bealey River.

11.Microcolona Meyr.

Microcolona Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales 1897, 370 (1897); type, characta Meyr.

Labial palpi long, loosely scaled, terminal joint shorter than second. Forewings with tufts of scales; 4 absent, 6 out of 7 or absent. Hindwings with 3 absent, 4 usually absent.

Fairly developed in Australian and Indian regions, but the species are easily overlooked.

25.M. characta Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales 1897, 374.

Wellington, Nelson; also in Australia.

26.M. limodes Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales 1897, 372.

Christchurch.

– 210 –

12.Syntomactis Meyr.

Syntomactis Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. xxi, 173 (1889); type, deamatella Walk.

Labial palpi long, second joint with projecting whorls of scales, terminal joint as long as second, roughened anteriorly. Forewings with tufts of scales; 7 and 8 out of 6.

A considerable genus, characteristic of Australia.

27.S. deamatella Walk., Cat. xxix, 654; Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1888, 173.

Christchurch, Invercargill.

3.Elachistidae.

Head smooth. Basal joint of antennae with pecten. Labial palpi moderate, curved, pointed. Maxillary palpi very short, appressed. Forewings with 1b simple, 6 and 7 stalked, 7 to costa, 8 out of 7 or absent. Hindwings lanceolate, 2–4 nearly parallel, 5 absent, 6 and 7 stalked.

13.Elachista Treitsch.

Elachista Treitsch., Schmett. Eur. ix (2), 177 (1833), type, bifasciella Treitsch.

An extensive genus, widely distributed but principally known from Europe; the species are often overlooked. Larvae mining in grasses.

28.E. archaeonoma Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1888, 179.

Auckland, Wellington, Nelson, Dunedin.

29 E. ombrodoca Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1888, 179.

Christchurch, Dunedin, Invercargill.

30.E. exaula Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1888, 178.

Mount Arthur (4,000 ft.), Mataura River.

31.E. helonoma Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1888, 178.

Christchurch.

32.E. thallophora Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1888, 178

Christchurch (Kaiapoi), Mount Arthur (4,000 ft.).

33.E. gerasmia Meyr., Trans. N.Z Inst. 1888, 177.

Hamilton, Makatoku, Invercargill; also common in Australia.

34.E. melanura Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1888, 177.

Hamilton, also in Australia.

4.Scythridae.

Head smooth. Labial palpi moderate, curved, pointed. Maxillary palpi very short, appressed. Forewings with 1b simple or short-furcate, 2 from angle, 6 and 7 stalked, 7 to costa, 8 absent. Hindwings lanceolate; veins all separate, nearly parallel.

14.Scythris Hüb.

Scythris Hüb., Verz. 414 (1826); type, chenopodiella Hüb.

A large genus, of general distribution, but more especially European.

35.S. epistrota Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1888, 161.

Christchurch, Mount Arthur (4,500 ft.).

– 211 –

5. Oecophoridae.

Head with appressed hairs. Labial palpi long, recurved, acute. Maxillary palpi very short, appressed. Forewings with 1b furcate, 2 from near angle, 7 and 8 stalked. Hindwings from trapezoidal-ovate, elongate-ovate, or ovate-lanceolate; 3 and 4 connate, seldom approximated, 5–7 nearly parallel, rarely 6 and 7 stalked.

A very large family, but especially characteristic of Australia and New Zealand; it is also well developed elsewhere, but does not form nearly so large a proportion of the whole fauna as it does in these two regions. It is very remarkable that under these circumstances the Australian and New Zealand representatives of the family are not at all nearly related together, and evidently do not proceed from an immediate common origin.

Group A. Oecophorides.

Antennae in ♂ regularly ciliated; 7 of forewings to costa

15. Endrosis Hüb.

Endrosis Hüb., Verz. 401 (1826); type, lacteella Schiff.

Hindwings ovate-lanceolate; 5 absent.

The single species is domestic and artificially introduced in many parts of the world, its origin being uncertain.

36.E. lacteella Schiff., Syst. Verz. 139; Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1888, 160; subditella Walk., Cat. xxix, 657.

North and South Islands; common in houses. Larva on seeds and dry refuse.

16. Schiffermuelleria Hüb.

Schiffermuelleria Hüb., Verz. 421 (1826); type schaefferella Linn.

Basal joint of antennae without pecten. Hindwings ovate-lanceolate. Moderately numerous; chiefly confined to the Northern Hemisphere

37. S. orthophanes Meyr., Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1905, 243.

Auckland, Nelson.

17. Borkhausenia Hüb.

Borkhausenia Hüb., Verz. 420 (1826); type, minutella Linn. Cremnogenes Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. xvi, 45 (1884); type, oxyina Meyr.

Basal joint of antennae with pecten. Hindwings elongate-ovate or ovate-lanceolate.

A large genus of general distribution, but proportionately more numerous in New Zealand than anywhere else. The larvae probably feed on dry vegetable matter (bark, dead wood, dry leaves, &c.) rather than on growing plants; many of the species are common, and the larvae should not be difficult to find in spring.

38. B. chrysogramma Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 44. Wellington, Mount Arthur, Lake Wakatipu.

39. B. loxotis Meyr., Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1905, 241. Wellington.

– 212 –

40.B. hoplodesma Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 44; Trans. Ent. Soc.

Lond. 1901, 574.

Rakaia, Ben Lomond.

41.B. paratrimma Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1909, 65.

Invercargill.

42.B. siderodeta Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 43.

Auckland, Wellington, Christchurch, Dunedin, Lake Wakatipu, Invercargill.

43.B. melanamma Meyr., Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1905, 240.

Dunedin, Invercargill.

44.B. maranta Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales 1885, 791.

Dunedin, Mount Earnslaw, Invercargill.

45.B. thranias Meyr., Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1905, 240.

Whangarei.

46.B. horaea Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 40.

Castle Hill, Bealey River.

47.B. macarella Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 43.

Wellington, Christchurch.

48.B. anaema Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 42.

Lake Wakatipu.

49.B. apanthes Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 41.

Hamilton, Cambridge.

50.B. armigerella Walk., Cat. xxix, 698; Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 41: actinias Meyr., Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1901, 574.

Wellington, Greymouth, Dunedin, Lake Wakatipu, Invercargill.

51.B. pharmactis Meyr., Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1905, 241.

Mount Arthur.

52.B. apertella Walk., Cat. xxix, 698; bifaciella ibid. 810; oporaea Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 40.

Wellington, Mount Arthur, Castle Hill, Lake Wakatipu, Invercargill.

53.B. eriphaea Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1913, 107.

Ben Lomond.

54.B. phegophylla Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 39.

Lake Wakatipu.

55.B. perichlora Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1906, 119.

Invercargill.

56.B. basella Walk., Cat. xxviii, 492; Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1906, 119: ademptella Walk., Cat. xxix, 698.

Wellington.

57.B. politis Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1887, 81.

Wellngton.

58.B. pronephela Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1906, 120.

Invercargill.

59.B. chloradelpha Meyr., Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1905, 239.

Wellington.

– 213 –

60.B. siderota Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1887, 82.

Mount Arthur, 4,000–4,500 ft.

61.B. epichalca Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales 1885, 793.

Arthur's Pass.

62.B. aphrontis Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 46.

Arthur's Pass, Mount Arthur.

63.B. oxyina Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 45.

Lake Wakatipu.

64.B. monodonta Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1910, 75; nigra Philp., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1913, 120.

Mount Holdsworth, Lake Wakatipu.

65.B. nycteris Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1889, 219; ibid. 1910, 63.

Wellington, Otira River, Invercargill.

66.B. homodoxa Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 43.

Lake Wakatipu.

67.B. griseata Butl., Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1877, 405.

I am now doubtful whether this is identical with any species known to me.

68.B. innotella Walk., Cat. xxix, 652; griseata Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 39.

Whangarei, Auckland, Napier, Wellington, Nelson, Christchurch, Castle Hill, Dunedin, Invercargill.

69.B. brachyacma Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1908, 13.

Invercargill.

70.B. penthalea Meyr., Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1905, 239.

Wellington.

71.B. cenchrias Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1908, 13.

Invercargill.

72.B. hemimochla Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 38.

Hamilton, Cambridge, Napier, Wellington.

73.B. amnopis Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1909, 65; ibid. 1910, 65.

Invercargill.

74.B. plagiatella Walk., Cat. xxviii, 485; Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1910. 64: contextella Walk., Cat. xxix, 656.

Wellington, Nelson, Otira River.

75.B. crotala n. sp.; contextella Meyr. (nec Walk.), Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 37; ibid. 1910, 64.

Christchurch, Dunedin, Invercargill, Lake Wakatipu.

76.B. epimylia Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 36.

Nelson, Bealey River, Castle Hill.

77.B. chloritis Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 36.

Wellington, Lake Wakatipu.

78.B. letharga Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 35.

Dunedin.

79.B. asphaltis Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1910, 65.

Central Otago (?).

– 214 –

80.B. scholaea Meyr., Trans N.Z. Inst. 1883, 35.

Whangarei, Wellington, Nelson, Christchurch, Dunedin, Invercargill. Larva in a subterranean tube on roots of trees

81.B. pseudospretella Staint., Cat. Brit. Tin. 14; Meyr., Trans. N Z. Inst. 1883, 34.

North and South Islands, Chatham Islands; common in houses; introduced from Europe, but of doubtful origin. Larva on seeds and dry refuse.

18.Compsistis Meyr.

Compsistis Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. xx, 89 (1888); type, bifaciella Walk.

Antennae as long as forewings, basal joint without pecten. Hindwings elongate-ovate.

Endemic.

82.C. bifaciella Walk., Cat. xxix, 657; Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1887, 90.

Whangarei, Auckland, Wellington.

19.Thamnosara Meyr.

Thamnosara Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. xvi, 27 (1884); type, sublitella Walk.

Basal joint of antennae without pecten. Second joint of labial palpi with projecting tuft of scales beneath. Hindwings elongate-ovate.

Also endemic.

83.T. sublitella Walk., Cat. xxix, 654; chirista Meyr., Trans. N Z. Inst. 1883, 27.

Whangarei, Wellington, Christchurch, Mount Arthur (to 4,000 ft.).

20.Gymnobathra Meyr.

Gymnobathra Meyr., Proc Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales vii, 425 (1883); type, flavidella Walk.

Basal joint of antennae without pecten. Forewings with 2 rather remote from angle. Hindwings elongate-ovate.

Endemic.

84.G. philadelpha Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 33.

Mount Hutt.

85.G. hyetodes Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 32.

Kaeo, Wellington.

86.G. habropis Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1887, 80.

Nelson.

87.G. hamatella Walk., Cat. xxix, 700; Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 31.

Nelson, Christchurch, Akaroa.

88.G. flavidella Walk., Cat. xxix, 655; Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 31: utuella Feld, Reis. Nov. pl. cxl, 46.

Whangarei, Auckland, Taranaki, Wellington, Nelson, Christchurch.

89 G. sarcoxantha Meyr, Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 29.

Christchurch, Dunedin.

– 215 –

90.G. coarctatella Walk., Cat. xxix, 768; Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 28.

Wellington, Nelson, Castle Hill.

91.G. parca Butl, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1877, 405; Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 29; limbata Butl., Cist. Ent. ii, 560 (1880).

Wellington, Christchurch, Lake Wakatipu, Invercargill.

92.G. calliploca Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 30.

Wellington, Dunedin.

93.G. bryaula Meyr., Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1905, 238.

Wellington.

94.G. thetodes Meyr., Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1901, 574.

Akaroa, Oakley.

95.G. tholodella Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 30.

Hamilton, Palmerston, Christchurch, Dunedin.

96.G. omphalota Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1887, 81.

Wellington, Christchurch, Lake Wakatipu.

21.Aochleta Meyr.

Aochleta Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales vii, 425 (1883); type, psychra Meyr.

Basal joint of antennae without pecten. Second joint of labial palpi with rough projecting scales towards apex beneath. Forewings with 2 remote from angle. Hindwings trapezoidal-ovate.

Endemic.

97.A. psychra Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 21.

Castle Hill.

22.Izatha Walk.

Izatha Walk., Cat. xxix, 786 (1864); type, attactella Walk. Semiocosma Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales vii, 424 (1883); type, peroneanella Walk.

Basal joint of antennae without pecten. Terminal joint of labial palpi with median scale-projection posteriorly. Forewings with tufts of scales; 2 remote from angle. Hindwings trapezoidal-ovate, 5 bent and approximated to 4 at base.

Endemic.

98.I. peroneanella Walk., Cat. xxix, 658; Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 22: lichenella Walk., Cat. xxix, 769: (?) adapertella ibid. 653: huttonii Butl., Cist. Ent. ii, 511: mystis Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1887, 79.

Auckland, Hamilton, Napier, Wellington, Nelson, Christchurch, Dunedin.

99.I. picarella Walk., Cat. xxix, 699; Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 23 [ unclear: ] : teras Feld., Reis. Nov. pl. cxl, 28.

Wellington, Dunedin, Invercargill.

100.I. balanophora Meyr., Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1897, 389.

Wellington.

101.I. apodoxa Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1887, 79.

Wellington.

– 216 –

102 I. caustopa Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1891, 219.

Wellington.

103.I. attactella Walk., Cat. xxix, 787; platyptera Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1887, 80.

Wellington. Larva under bark of Elaeocarpus dentatus.

104.I. copiosella Walk., Cat. xxx, 1028.

Ohakune.

105.I. metadelta Meyr., Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1905, 238; percnitis Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1908, 14.

Wellington.

106.I. epiphanes Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 24.

Wellington.

107.I. prasophyta Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 25.

Taranaki, Wellington.

108.I. austera Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 25.

Whangarei, Wellington.

109.I. convulsella Walk., Cat. xxix, 656; paraneura Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1891, 219.

Wellington.

Group B. Eulechriades.

Antennae in ♂ regularly ciliated; 7 of forewings to apex.

23.Trachypepla Meyr.

Trachypepla Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales vii, 423 (1883); type, euryleucota Meyr. Zirosaris Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. xlii, 66 (1910); type, amorbas Meyr.

Basal joint of antennae with pecten. Thorax crested or smooth. Forewings with tufts of scales. Hindwings elongate-ovate.

Besides the following, there are several Australian species.

110.T. leucoplanetis Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 14.

Auckland, Hamilton, Wellington, Mount Arthur (to 3,000 ft.), Otira River.

111.T. euryleucota Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 14.

Kaeo, Auckland, Cambridge, Wellington, Dunedin.

112.T. conspicuella Walk., Cat. xxix, 651; Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 15: taongella Feld., Reis. Nov. pl. cxl, 45.

Wellington, Christchurch.

113.T. amphileuca Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1913, 107.

Wainuiomata.

114.T. hieropis Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1891, 218.

Wellington.

115.T. galaxias Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 17.

Whangarei, Hamilton, Wellington, Bealey River.

116.T. spartodeta Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 16.

Wellington.

117.T. ingenua Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1910, 65.

Otira River.

– 217 –

118.T. contritella Walk., Cat. xxix, 657; nyctopis Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 16.

Auckland, Wellington, Nelson, Christchurch, Dunedin, Lake Wakatipu.

119.T. protochlora Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 18.

Palmerston, Wellington, Otira River, Invercargill.

120.T. aspidephora Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 19.

Wellington, Nelson, Mount Arthur (to 3,200 ft.), Christchurch, Dunedin.

121.T. importuna Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1913, 108.

Wellington, Ohakune.

122.T. vinaria Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1913, 108.

Greymouth, Otira River.

123.T. lichenodes Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 20; ibid. 1910, 66.

Wellington, Nelson, Otira River, Bealey River.

124.T. anastrella Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 19.

Wellington, Nelson, Otira River, Christchurch, Dunedin, Invercargill.

125.T. amorbas Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1909, 66; ibid. 1910, 66.

Broken River, Lake Wakatipu.

126.T. phaeoptila Meyr., Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1905, 236.

Mangaterere River.

127.T. lathriopa Meyr., Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1905, 237.

Wellington, Nelson, Mount Arthur.

24.Atomotricha Meyr.

Atomotricha Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales vii, 423 (1883); type, ommatias Meyr. Brachysara Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales vii, 424 (1883); type, sordida Butl.

Antennae in ♂ with whorls of long cilia, basal joint with pecten. Thorax smooth. Forewings with small tufts of scales. Hindwings elongate-ovate. Wings in ♀ usually abbreviated or aborted.

Endemic.

128.A. sordida Butl., Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1877, 405; Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 11; ibid. 1913, 110.

Christchurch.

129.A. oeconoma Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1913, 110.

Wellington.

130.A. versuta Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1913, 109.

Wellington.

131.A. chloronota Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1913, 110.

Invercargill.

132.A. ommatias Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 10; ibid. 1913, 109.

Christchurch.

133.A. exsomnis Meyr., Trans, N.Z. Inst. 1912, 26.

Ohakune.

– 218 –

134.A. colligatella Walk., Cat. xxix, 768.

North Island (?).

135.A. isogama Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1908, 13; ibid. 1913, 109.

Wellington, Greymouth.

25.Barea Walk.

Barea Walk., Cat. xxix, 819 (1864); type, consignatella Walk. Phloeopola Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales vii, 423 (1883); type, confusella Walk.

Basal joint of antennae without pecten. Thorax with strong crest. Forewings without tufts. Hindwings elongate-ovate.

A considerable Australian genus. The larvae probably feed in bark of trees.

136.B. dinocosma Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales 1883, 349; Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 12.

Wellington.

137.B. confusella Walk., Cat. xxix, 682; Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales 1883, 354.

Wellington, Levin Probably a recent introduction from southeast Australia, where it is common, attached to Eucalyptus.

26.Eulechria Meyr.

Eulechria Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales vii, 508 (1883); type, exanimis Meyr.

Basal joint of antennae with pecten. Thorax smooth. Forewings without tufts. Hindwings elongate-ovate.

A very large Australian genus.

138.E. photinella Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales 1882, 541; Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 9.

Wellington, Mount Arthur (to 4,000 ft.), Otira River.

139.E. zophoessa Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales 1882, 515; Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 8.

Wellington.

Group C. Philobotides.

Antennae in ♂ regularly ciliated; 7 of forewings to termen.

27.Oxythecta Meyr.

Oxythecta Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales vii, 422 (1883); type, acceptella Walk.

Basal joint of antennae with pecten. Second joint of labial palpi expanded, with scales beneath on posterior half and rough towards apex, terminal joint as long as second. Hindwings elongate-ovate or ovatelanceolate.

An Australian genus of a few species.

140.O. austrina Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1913, 107.

Ben Lomond.

– 219 –

28.Philobota Meyr.

Philobota Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales vii, 422 (1883); type, arabella, Newm.

Basal joint of antennae with pecten. Second joint of labial palpi with appressed scales, somewhat loose towards apex beneath, terminal joint shorter than second. Hindwings elongate-ovate.

A very large Australian genus, already including about 250 species.

141.P. aletis Meyr., Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1905, 235.

Arthur's Pass.

142.P. amenena Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1887, 78.

Arthur's Pass (4,700 ft.), Mount Arthur (4,000 ft.).

Group D. Depressariades.

Antennae in ♂ simple or shortly and irregularly ciliated.

29.Nymphostola Meyr.

Nymphostola Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales vii, 491 (1883); type, galactina Feld.

Basal joint of antennae without pecten. Second joint of labial palpi with short triangular tuft of scales at apex beneath. Forewings with 7 to apex. Hindwings ovate, 5 bent and approximated to 4 at base.

Endemic.

143.N. galactina Feld., Reis. Nov. pl. cxl, 34; Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 6.

Hamilton, Wellington, Greymouth, Otira River, Dunedin. Larva on Myrtus.

30.Proteodes Meyr.

Proteodes Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales vii, 492 (1883); type, carnifex Butl.

Basal joint of antennae without pecten. Second joint of labial palpi with appressed scales, somewhat rough beneath. Forewings with 7 to apex. Hindwings ovate, 5 bent and approximated to 4 at base.

Endemic.

144.P. carnifex Butl., Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1877, 406; Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 7: rufosparsa Butl., Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1877, 406.

Christchurch, Mount Hutt, Castle Hill, Arthur's Pass, Lake Wakatipu. Larva on Fagus solandri and probably other trees or shrubs.

145.P. profunda Meyr., Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1905, 236.

Mount Holdsworth (2,000 ft.).

31.Lathicrossa Meyr.

Lathicrossa Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. xvi, 26 (1884); type, leucocentra Meyr.

Basal joint of antennae without pecten. Second joint of labial palpi thickened with appressed scales. Thorax crested. Forewings with 7 to costa. Hindwings trapezoidal-ovate.

Endemic.

– 220 –

146.L. leucocentra Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1883, 26.

Whangarei, Auckland, Wellington, Dunedin.

32.Cryptolechia Zell.

Cryptolechia Zell., Lep. Micr. Caffr. 106 (1852); type, straminella Zell. Phaeosaces Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. xviii, 171 (1886); type, apocrypta Meyr.Leptosaces Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. xx, 77 (1888); type, callixyla Meyr.

Basal joint of antennae without pecten. Second joint of labial palpi with appressed scales. Thorax smooth. Forewings with 7 to costa or apex. Hindwings trapezoidal-ovate.

A considerable genus of wide distribution.

147.C. callixyla Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1887, 78.

Whangarei, Nelson.

148.C. semnodes Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1910, 75.

Mount Arthur (4,200 ft.).

149.C. apocrypta Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1885, 172.

Christchurch, Dunedin, Lake Wakatipu, Invercargill.

150.C. liochroa Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1890, 98.

Wellington, Otira River, Lake Wakatipu, Invercargill.

151.C. compsotypa Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1885, 172.

Whangarei, Auckland, Hamilton.

33.Symmoca Hub.

Symmoca Hub., Verz. 403 (1826); type, signella Hub. Oegoconia Staint., Ins. Brit. Tin. 163 (1854); type, quadripuncta Haw.

Basal joint of antennae without pecten. Second joint of labial palpi with appressed scales. Thorax smooth. Forewings with 7 to costa. Hindwings elongate-ovate, 6 and 7 stalked.

A genus of some extent, chiefly European. The following species must be an accidental introduction.

152.S. quadripuncta Haw., Lep. Brit. 557; Meyr., Handb. Brit. Lep. 611.

Nelson. Widely distributed in Europe, attached to neighbourhood of houses, but larval habits not known.

34.Eutorna Meyr.

Eutorna Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. xxi, 157 (1889); type, caryochroa Meyr.

Basal joint of antennae without pecten. Second joint of labial palpi thickened with dense appressed scales. Thorax smooth. Forewings with 6 to apex. Hindwings elongate-ovate; 3 and 4 separate, 5 bent.

Contains about a dozen Australian species and one Indian.

153.E. caryochroa Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1888, 158.

Castle Hill, Dunedin, Lake Wakatipu, Invercargill.

154.E. symmorpha Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1888, 158.

Whangarei, Hamilton, Palmerston, Napier, Christchurch, Dunedin, Invercargill.

– 221 –

6.Xyloryctidae.

Head with loosely appressed scales. Labial palpi long, recurved, acute. Maxillary palpi very short, appressed. Forewings with 2 remote from angle, 7 and 8 stalked or separate. Hindwings broadly trapezoidal, apex obtuse, termen faintly sinuate; 3 and 4 connate, 5 rather approximated, 6 and 7 approximated or stalked.

A large family, chiefly found in the Southern Hemisphere and Indian regions; most numerous in South America.

35.Scieropepla Meyr.

Scieropepla Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. xviii, 165 (1886); type, typhicola Meyr.

Forewings with 7 and 8 stalked, 7 to costa.

A small Australian genus.

155.S. typhicola Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1885, 165.

Christchurch; also occurs in south-east Australia, which is probably its home. Larva in seed-heads and stems of Typha.

36.Agriophara Ros.

Agriophara Ros., Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) xvi, 439 (1885); type, cinerosa Ros. Hypeuryntis Meyr., Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1897, 389; type, coricopa Meyr.

Forewings with 7 and 8 separate, 7 to apex.

Includes a moderate number of Australian and Indian species.

156.A. coricopa Meyr., Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1897, 389.

Wellington, Greymouth.

7.Heliodinidae.

Head smooth. Basal joint of antennae without pecten. Labial palpi long, recurved, slender, acute. Maxillary palpi rudimentary or obsolete. Posterior legs raised from surface in repose, tarsi with whorls of bristles at apex of basal joints. Forewings with 7 and 8 separate or stalked. Hindwings lanceolate, 2–5 remote.

A considerable family, chiefly tropical.

37. Calicotis Meyr.

Calicotis Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. xxi, 170 (1889); type, crucifera Meyr.

Basal joint of antennae dilated to form an eye-cap. Hindwings with 4 absent.

Also occurs in Australia and the Seychelles (probably the Malayan region).

157.C. crucifera Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1888, 170.

Taranaki, Palmerston; occurs also in eastern Australia. Larva in fructification of staghorn fern (Platycerium).

– 222 –

38.Vanicela Walk.

Vanicela Walk., Cat. xxx, 1039 (1864); type, disjunctella Walk.

Antennae in ♂ with long ciliations, basal joint dilated to form an eye-cap. Anterior legs thickened with scales. Hindwings with 4 present.

There are three other species in eastern Australia.

158.V. disjunctella Walk., Cat. xxx, 1039; Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1888, 166.

Whangarei, Auckland, Taranaki, Palmerston, Masterton, Wellington, Nelson.

39.Stathmopoda Staint.

Stathmopoda Staint., Ins. Brit. Tin. 227 (1854); type,pedella Linn. Boocara Butl., Cist. Ent. ii, 562 (1880); type, skelloni Butl.

Antennae in ♂ with long ciliations. Hindwings with 4 present.

A large genus, especially characteristic of the Indian and Australian regions.

159.S. caminora Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1889, 219.

Wellington.

160.S. campylocha Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst 1888, 168.

Wellington, Dunedin.

161.S. holochra Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1888, 168.

Wellington.

162.S. fusilis Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1913, 111.

Wellington.

163.S. phlegyra Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1888, 168.

Kaeo, Auckland, Taranaki, Palmerston, Wanganui, Wellington.

164.S. skelloni Butl., Cist. Ent. ii, 562; Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1888, 169.

Taranaki, Palmerston, Wellington, Blenheim, Nelson, Christchurch, Dunedin, Lake Wakatipu, Invercargill.

165.S. aposema Meyr., Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1901, 575.

Auckland.

166.S. plumbiflua Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1910, 75.

Invercargill.

167.S. mysteriastis Meyr., Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1901, 575

Auckland, Wellington.

40.Pachyrhabda Meyr.

Pachyrhabda Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales xxii, 312 (1897); type, steropodes Meyr.

Antennae in ♂ stout, simple. Hindwings with 4 absent.

Includes a few species from India, Australia and Africa.

168.P. epichlora Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1888, 169.

Auckland, Wellington, Otira River.

169.P. antinoma Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1909 72.

Kermadec Islands. This widely distributed species, which ranges from India to eastern Australia, may perhaps occur in the North Island.

– 223 –

41. Thylacosceles Meyr.

Thylacosceles Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. xxi, 171 (1889); type, acridomima Meyr.

Antennae in ♂ stout, simple. Posterior tibiae with triangular tuft of scales on posterior half. Hindwings with 4 present.

Besides the following there are two species from Ceylon.

170.T. acridomima Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1888, 171.

Wellington.

8.Aegeriadae.

Head with appressed scales. Antennae dilated on apical half. Labial palpi moderately long, curved, ascending, terminal joint short, pointed. Maxillary palpi rudimentary. Forewings with 7 and 8 stalked. Hindwings elongate-ovate, 5 absent, 6 and 7 nearly parallel, 8 concealed in rolled costa.

A rather considerable family, principally inhabiting the Northern Hemisphere.

42.Trochilium Scop.

Authorities disagree as to the proper name for this genus; many use Sesia Fab., but, as this is employed by others in quite a different sense, it seems better to use the name Trochilium as less liable to misinterpretation.

171.T. tipuliforme Clerck, Icon. pl. ix, 1; Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1889, 214.

Nelson, Christchurch, Dunedin; introduced artificially from Europe. Larva in stems of garden currant (Ribes).

9.Glyphipterygidae.

Head with appressed scales. Basal joint of antennae without pecten. Labial palpi moderate, curved, ascending, terminal joint compressed, pointed or obtuse. Maxillary palpi rudimentary. Forewings with 7 and 8 separate or stalked. Hindwings ovate or elongate-ovate; 3 and 4 connate, 5–7 somewhat approximated towards base or nearly parallel.

A considerable family, more especially characteristic of the equatorial region and Southern Hemisphere, except Africa.

43. Coridomorpha Meyr.

Coridomorpha Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. xlvi, 111 (1914); type, stella Meyr.

Basal half of antennae thickened with dense scales. Labial palpi long, second joint with appressed scales, terminal joint shorter, acute. Forewings with 7 and 8 stalked, 7 to costa.

Endemic.

172.C. stella Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1913, 111.

Auckland, Wellington.

44.Hierodoris Meyr.

Hierodoris Meyr, Exot. Micr. i, 41 (1912); type, iophanes Meyr.

Labial palpi with appressed scales, terminal joint shorter than second, pointed. Forewings with 7 absent.

Endemic.

173.H. [ unclear: ] iophanes Meyr., Exot. Micr. i, 42; Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1912, 27.

Wellington.

– 224 –

45. Heliostibes Zell.

Heliostibes Zell., Verh. Zool.-bot. Ges. Wien xxiv, 434 (1874); type, mathewi Zell.

Labial palpi with appressed scales, terminal joint shorter than second, acute. Forewings with 7 and 8 stalked, 7 to apex.

Besides the following only one Chilian species is known.

174.H. callispora Meyr., Exot. Micr. i, 41; Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1912, 27.

Wellington.

175.H. electrica Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1888, 157.

Nelson, Mount Arthur (4,700 ft.), Invercargill, Lake Tekapo.

176.H. atychioides Butl., Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1877, 405, pl. xliii, 14; Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1887, 83.

Whangarei, Hamilton, Wellington, Christchurch.

177.H. illita Feld., Reis. Nov. pl. cxl, 32; Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1887, 83.

Nelson, Dunedin.

46.Simaethis Leach.

Simaethis Leach, Edin. Encycl. ix, 135 (1815); type, fabriciana Linn.

Labial palpi with second joint more or less roughly scaled, terminal joint shorter, thickened with scales, obtuse. Forewings with 7 to termen. A considerable genus, most numerous within the tropics.

178.S. exocha Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1906, 121.

Lake Wakatipu.

179.S. zomeuta Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1911, 121.

Mount Arthur (4,600 ft.).

180.S. combinatana Walk., Cat. xxviii, 456; Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales 1880, 213; Huds., Ent. M. Mag. 1890, 22: abstitella Walk., Cat. xxx, 997.

Wellington. Larva on Senecio bellidioides.

181.S. colpota Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1910, 67.

Invercargill.

182.S. iochondra Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1910, 77.

Mount Holdsworth (3,000 ft.).

183.S. symbolaea Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1887, 85.

Arthur's Pass.

184.S. ministra Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1911, 121.

Mount Holdsworth.

185.S. marmarea Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1887, 85.

Lake Wakatipu.

186.S. analoga Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1911, 122.

Mount Arthur (4,000 ft.).

187.S. microlitha Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1887, 84; ibid. 1911, 122.

Castle Hill, Arthur's Pass.

188.S. antigrapha Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1910, 76.

Wellington.

189.S. barbigera Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1914, 203.

Hunter Mountains.

– 225 –

47.Choreutis Hüb.

Choreutis Hüb., Verz. 373 (1826); type, myllerana Fab.

Labial palpi with second joint roughly tufted, terminal joint slender, pointed. Forewings with 7 to termen.

Chiefly American and Indo-Malayan, ranging into Australia and Europe.

190.C. bjerkandrella Thunb., Diss. Ent. i, 36, pl. iii, 23, 24; Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales 1880, 215.

Kaeo, Whangarei, Hamilton, Taranaki, Palmerston, Napier, Nelson. A cosmopolitan species. Larva on thistle (Carduus) and other Compositae.

48.Pantosperma Meyr.

Pantosperma Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. xx, 89 (1888); type, holochalca Meyr.

Antennae almost as long as forewings. Labial palpi with appressed scales, slightly rough anteriorly, terminal joint as long as second, pointed. Forewings with 7 and 8 stalked, 7 to termen. Hindwings lanceolate.

Endemic.

191.P. holochalca Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1887, 89.

Makatoku, Wellington.

49. Glyphipteryx Hüb.

Glyphipteryx Hüb., Verz. 421 (1826); type, thrasonella Scop. Phryganostola Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales 1880, 248; type, drosophaes Meyr. Circica Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. xx, 88 (1888); type, cionophora Meyr.

Labial palpi with second joint loosely or roughly scaled in whorls, sometimes tufted, terminal joint compressed, roughened, pointed. Forewings with 7 to termen, 7 and 8 sometimes stalked.

A large cosmopolitan genus, but especially well represented in Australia and New Zealand, very scantily in Europe, Africa, and North America.

192.G. cionophora Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1887, 88.

Christchurch, Dunedin.

193.G. xestobela Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1887, 89.

Arthur's Pass.

194.G. rugata Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1914, 203.

Tisbury.

195.G. ataracta Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1887, 88.

Mount Arthur (4,600 ft.).

196.G. achlyoessa Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales 1880, 252.

Auckland, Wellington, Invercargill.

197.G. bactrias Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1910, 67.

Invercargill.

198.G. metasticta Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1906, 120.

Invercargill.

199.G. aulogramma Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1907, 121.

Invercargill.

– 226 –

200.G. codonias Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1908, 15.

Invercargill.

201.G.transversella Walk., Cat. xxx, 849; Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S Wales 1880, 246: (?) morangella Feld., Reis. Nov. pl. cxl, 39.

Auckland, Napier.

202.G. astrapaea Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales 1880, 245.

Cambridge, Christchurch, Mount Arthur (to 4,500 ft.), Bealey River, Invercargill.

203.G. aerifera Meyr., Exot. Micr. i, 57; Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1912, 28.

Mount Ruapehu (4,500 ft.).

204.G. oxymachaera Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales 1880, 251.

Auckland, Wellington, Christchurch, Castle Hill, Lake Wakatipu (to 4,000 ft.), Invercargill.

205.G. scolias Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1909, 73.

Kermadec Islands.

206.G. calliactis Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1913, 112.

Kaitoke. Larva in flower-stems of Gahnia.

207.G. iocheaera Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales 1880, 243.

Auckland, Wellington, Christchurch, Castle Hill, Dunedin, Lake Wakatipu, Invercargill. Larva on Juncus.

208.G. leptosema Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1887, 87; ibid. 1910, 75.

Auckland, Wellington. Larva in flower-stems of Gahnia setifolia.

209.G. dichorda Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1910, 76.

Whangarei, Wellington.

210.G. asteronota Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales 1880, 240; (?) tungella Feld., Reis. Nov. pl. cxl, 40.

Whangarei, Auckland, Napier.

211.G. euastera Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales 1880, 236.

Christchurch.

212.G. acrothecta Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales 1880, 244.

Christchurch, Castle Hill.

213.G. nephoptera Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1887, 87.

Christchurch.

214.G. zelota Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1887, 86.

Whangarei, Waitakere Range.

215.G. aeronoma Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1887, 86.

Mount Arthur (4,000 ft.).

216.G. erastis Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1910, 76.

Christchurch, Castle Hill, Lake Wakatipu.

217.G. triselena Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales 1880, 234; ibid. 1882, 188.

Christchurch, Lake Wakatipu, Invercargill.

10.Hyponomeutidae.

Head with appressed scales or rough on crown. Labial palpi moderate, ascending, rather pointed. Maxillary palpi rudimentary or obsolete. Forewings

– 227 –

with costal stigmatium between 11 and 12, 7 and 8 separate or stalked, 7 to termen. Hindwings elongate-ovate or lanceolate; 4 absent.

A considerable family, generally distributed, but almost absent from New Zealand.

50.Zelleria Staint.

Zelleria Staint., Cat. Brit. Tin. 22 (1849); type, hepariella Staint. Hofmannia Wocke, Hein. Schmett. Deutsch. ii (2), 644 (1877); type, saxifragae Staint. Circostola Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. xxi, 163 (1889); type, copidota Meyr.

Head rough on crown. Hindwings lanceolate.

Of moderate extent and generally distributed.

218.Z. copidota Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1888, 163.

Wellington, Nelson, Otira River, Lake Wakatipu.

219.Z. sphenota Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1888, 162.

Christchurch.

51.Hyponomeuta Latr.

Hyponomeuta Latr., Gen. Crust. Ins. iv, 222 (1796).

Head with appressed scales. Hindwings elongate-ovate.

Includes about fifty species, generally distributed.

220.H. cuprea Meyr., Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1901, 575.

Wellington, Lake Wakatipu.

11.Gracilariadae.

Head with appressed scales. Antennae 1 or over 1. Labial palpi slender, ascending, tolerably pointed. Maxillary palpi moderate, filiform, porrected. Forewings with 7 and 8 stalked or separate. Hindwings lanceolate or linear.

An extensive family of general distribution.

52.Acrocercops Wall.

Acrocercops Wall., Ent. Tidskr. ii, 95 (1881); type, brongniardella Fab. Conopomorpha Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. xviii, 183 (1886); type, cyanospila, Meyr.

Middle tibiae not thickened; posterior tibiae with series of projecting bristly scales above.

A large genus, principally developed in the Indo-Australian region. The larvae usually mine blotches in leaves.

221.A. cyanospila Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1885, 183.

Taranaki, Palmerston, Masterton, Makatoku, Wellington.

53.Parectopa Clem.

Parectopa Clem., Proc. Acad. Nat. Sc. Philad. 1860, 210; type, lespedezifoliella Clem.

Middle tibiae not thickened; posterior tibiae without bristly scales. Of considerable extent and generally distributed.

– 228 –

222.P. aethalota Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales 1880, 143; Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1888, 185.

Dunedin.

223.P. leucocyma Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1888, 184.

Auckland.

224.P. aellomacha Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales 1880, 158.

Wellington, Christchurch.

225.P. miniella Feld., Reis. Nov. pl. cxl, 42; Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1888, 185; Gen. Ins. 128, f. 3; ethela Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales 1880, 152.

Kaeo, Waitakere Ranges, Hamilton, Palmerston, Taranaki, Wellington.

54.Gracilaria Haw.

Gracilaria Haw., Lep. Brit. 527 (1828); type, syringella Fab.

Middle tibiae thickened with dense scales; posterior tibiae without bristly scales.

A large genus, universally distributed.

226.G. octopunctata Turn., Trans. Roy. Soc. S. Austr. 1894, 123.

Kermadec Islands; also in India, Australia, and Africa. Larva on Dalbergia sissu.

227.G. linearis Butl., Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1877, 406; Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1888, 183; ibid. 1910, 67.

Napier, Wellington, Christchurch, Arthur's Pass, Invercargill.

228.G. elaeas Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1910, 66.

Castle Hill. Larva on Coriaria.

229.G. selenitis Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1908, 15.

Mount Holdsworth (3,000 ft.).

230.G. chrysitis Feld., Reis. Nov. pl. cxl, 43; Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1888, 183: adelina Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales 1880, 142: rutilans Butl., Cist. Ent. ii, 561.

Kaeo, Hamilton, Palmerston, Wellington, Christchurch.

231.G. chalcodelta, Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1888, 183.

Whangarei, Auckland, Taranaki, Masterton, Makatoku, Wellington.

12.Coleophoridae.

Head with appressed scales. Labial palpi bent, ascending, pointed, with scales of second joint somewhat angularly projecting beneath at apex. Maxillary palpi rudimentary. Forewings with 5 absent, 7 to costa, 8 absent. Hindwings linear-lanceolate.

A considerable family of wide distribution.

55.Batrachedra Staint.

Batrachedra Staint., Ins. Brit. Tin. 230 (1854); type, praeangusta Haw.

A genus of some extent, principally Indo-Australian.

– 229 –

232.B. psithyra Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1888, 181.

Auckland, Hamilton, Wellington, Nelson, Invercargill.

233.B. tristicta Meyr., Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1901, 579.

Makatoku.

234.B. arenosella Walk., Cat. xxx, 857; Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1888, 181.

Palmerston, Wellington, Christchurch; also common and widely distributed in Australia. Larva on seeds of Juncus.

235.B. eucola Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1888, 180.

Bealey River.

236.B. agaura Meyr., Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1901, 579.

Whangarei, Wellington, Nelson, Mount Arthur, Invercargill.

13.Plutellidae.

Head usually with appressed scales. Labial palpi bent, ascending, pointed, terminal joint as long as second or longer. Maxillary palpi rather short, filiform, porrected. Forewings with 7 and 8 separate or stalked. Hindwings trapezoidal-ovate or elongate-ovate.

A small family of considerable antiquity.

56.Dolichernis Meyr.

Dolichernis Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. xxiii., 99 (1891); type, chloroleuca Meyr.

Head rough on crown. Antennae over 1, basal joint with pecten. Forewings with 4 absent. Hindwings with 3 and 4 connate.

Endemic.

237.D. chloroleuca Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1890, 99.

Wellington.

57.Doxophyrtis Meyr.

Doxophyrtis Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. xlvi, 112 (1914); type, hydrocosma Meyr.

Basal joint of antennae without pecten. Hindwings with 3 and 4 connate.

Endemic.

238.D. hydrocosma Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1913, 113.

Kaeo, Waitakere Ranges.

58.Protosynaema Meyr.

Protosynaema Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. xviii, 173 (1886); type, eratopis Meyr.

Antennae thickened with scales towards base, basal joint without pecten. Forewings with 7 and 8 separate. Hindwings with 3 and 4 remote.

Endemic.

239.P. steropucha Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1885, 174; ibid. 1913, 112.

Hamilton, Wellington, Christchurch.

240.P. eratopis Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1885, 174.

Mount Arthur, Otira River.

– 230 –

59.Phylacodes Meyr.

Phylacodes Meyr., Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1905, 241; type, cauta Meyr.

Antennae thickened with scales on basal half, basal joint without pecten. Forewings with 7 and 8 stalked. Hindwings with 3 and 4 rather approximated.

Endemic.

241.P. cauta Meyr., Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1905, 242.

Dunedin.

60.Orthenches Meyr.

Orthenches Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. xviii, 175 (1886); type, chlorocoma Meyr.

Basal joint of antennae with pecten. Forewings with 7 and 8 separate. Hindwings with 3 and 4 remote.

Besides the following there are at present known only one Australian and one Indian species.

242.O. saleuta Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1912, 28.

Waiouru.

243.O. drosochalca Meyr., Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1905, 242.

Wellington, Otira River.

244.O. porphyritis Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1885, 176.

Otira River, Dunedin, Invercargill. Larva on Podocarpus totara.

245.O. chlorocoma Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1885, 175.

Christchurch. Larva on Carmichaelia australis.

246.O. prasinodes Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1885, 176.

Christchurch, Wainuiomata, Greymouth.

61.Plutella Schranck.

Plutella Schranck, Faun. Boic. ii, 169 (1802); type, porrectella Linn.

Basal joint of antennae with dense pecten. Labial palpi with second joint tufted beneath. Forewings with 7 and 8 separate. Hindwings with 3 and 4 connate or somewhat approximated.

A small cosmopolitan genus.

247.P. megalynta Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1914, 203.

Wellington.

248.P. sera Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1885, 178.

Whangarei, Taranaki, Palmerston, Makatoku, Christchurch; also common in Australia and India. Probably artificially introduced.

249.P. antiphona Meyr., Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1901, 576.

Wellington.

250.P. psammochroa Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1885, 179.

Otira River; also occurs in Australia.

251.P. maculipennis Curt., Brit. Ent. pl. 420; cruciferarum Zell., Meyr. Trans., N.Z. Inst. 1885, 177.

Cambridge, Taranaki, Wellington, Nelson, Christchurch, Bealey River, Lake Wakatipu, doubtless universal; Kermadec Islands Occurs throughout the world, being the most cosmopolitan of the Lepidoptera. Larva on cabbage, turnip, and other Cruciferae.

– 231 –

14.Nepticulidae.

Head roughly tufted. Basal joint of antennae forming an eye-cap. Labial palpi short, drooping. Maxillary palpi long, folded. Forewings with cell open, 3–5 absent, 9 absent. Hindwings lanceolate, cell open, 3–5 absent; frenulum multiple in both sexes.

These minute insects are so generally overlooked that their distribution is little known, but they occur in all regions.

62.Nepticula Heyd.

Nepticula Heyd., Ber. Ver. Nat. Mainz. 1842, 201.

252.N. ogygia Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1888, 187.

Dunedin.

253.N. tricentra Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1888, 187.

Christchurch.

254.N. propalaea Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1888, 187.

Arthur's Pass.

15.Lyonetiadae.

Head usually tufted on crown, sometimes smooth. Antennae with basal joint often forming an eye-cap. Labial palpi porrected or subascending, more or less obtuse. Maxillary palpi usually long, folded. Forewings with apex bent up or down. Hindwings lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate.

A considerable family, generally distributed.

63.Bedellia Staint.

Bedellia Staint., Cat. Brit. Tin. 23 (1849); type, somnulentella Zell.

Head rough on crown, face smooth. Basal joint of antennae rather stout, with large dense pecten. Labial palpi short, porrected. Maxillary palpi rudimentary. Forewings with 4 and 5 absent. Hindwings linear-lanceolate; 3 and 4 absent.

A small genus of scattered species.

255.B. somnulentella Zell., Isis 1847, 894; Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1888, 164.

Dunedin. Nearly cosmopolitan in suitable localities, but probably artificially introduced. Larva mining in leaves of Convoloulus and Ipomoea.

256.B. psamminella Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1888, 165.

Taranaki, Christchurch, Dunedin.

64.Cateristis Meyr.

Cateristis Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. xxi, 163 (1889); type, eustyla Meyr.

Head rough on crown, face smooth. Basal joint of antennae enlarged, with dense pecten forming an eye-cap. Labial palpi short, drooping.

– 232 –

Maxillary palpi rudimentary. Forewings with 3 and 4 absent, 9 absent. Hindwings lanceolate; 3 and 4 absent.

Contains only the following species.

257.C. eustyla Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1888, 164.

Christchurch; also occurs in Tasmania.

65.Opogona Zell.

Opogona Zell., Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. xxvi, 507 (1853); type, dimidiatella Zell. Lozostoma Staint., Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. (2) v, 124 (1860); type, flavofasciata Staint.

Head smooth, with raised fillet between antennae. Basal joint of antennae very long, flattened, concave beneath. Labial palpi moderately long, porrected, diverging. Maxillary palpi long, folded. Forewings with 6–8 stalked. Hindwings lanceolate.

A considerable genus, widely distributed in warm regions. The larvae feed on dry vegetable matter.

258.O. comptella Walk., Cat. xxx, 1007; Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales 1897, 416.

Nelson. Common in south-east Australia, whence it must have been accidentally introduced.

259.O. aurisquamosa Butl., Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) vii, 403.

Kermadec Islands; also in Hawaiian, Marquesas, and Society Islands. Bred from sugar-cane, &c.

66.Hieroxestis Meyr.

Hieroxestis Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales 1892, 567; type, omoscopa Meyr. Amphixystis Meyr., Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1901, 576; type, hapsimacha Meyr.

Head smooth, with raised fillet between antennae and tuft of hairs behind it. Basal joint of antennae very long, flattened, concave beneath. Labial palpi moderately long, subascending, diverging. Maxillary palpi long, folded. Forewings with 6–8 stalked. Hindwings lanceolate.

Attains some development in Indian and African regions.

260.H. omoscopa Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales 1892, 567.

Kaeo, Waikino; also in Australia and South Africa, the latter country being apparently its home. Has been bred from cork, with which it is probably introduced.

261.H. hapsimacha Meyr., Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1901, 577.

Kaeo, Wellington.

67.Eugennaea n.g.

Head rough. Basal joint of antennae somewhat dilated. Labial palpi moderately long, porrected, second joint with projecting scales beneath towards apex, terminal joint shorter than second, loosely scaled, somewhat pointed. Maxillary palpi long, folded, filiform. Posterior tibiae clothed with hairs. Forewings with 4 absent, 6 almost to apex, 7 absent. Hindwings elongate-ovate; 2–4 parallel, 5 and 6 stalked, 6 to termen, 7 parallel.

Endemic. Differs from Decadarchis by 6 of hindwings running to termen.

– 233 –

262.E. laquearia Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1913, 113.

Kaeo, Porirua.

68.Erechthias Meyr.

Erechthias Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales v, 261 (1880); type, charadrota, Meyr.

Head rough. Basal joint of antennae moderate. Labial palpi moderately long, more or less loosely scaled. Maxillary palpi long, folded. Forewings with 4 absent, 7 separate or stalked with 8. Hindwings lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate; 5 and 6 stalked, 6 to costa.

A genus of some extent, most developed in the Indo-Malayan and Australian regions. I regret when restricting the genus Erechthias to have misapplied the name to the following genus, overlooking the fact that the neural characters originally assigned to it only agree with this one. For this genus I have hitherto used the name Ereunetis, but I now consider that Ereunetis (type iuloptera Meyr.) must be maintained as a distinct genus, characterized by having the cell of hindwings open between 3 and 4, and not represented in New Zealand. Decadarchis also does not occur in New Zealand.

263.E. monastra Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1890, 100.

Wellington.

264.E. externella Walk., Cat. xxx, 841; erebistis Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1891, 220.

Wellington.

265.E. acrodina Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1911, 122.

Wellington.

266.E. melanotricha Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1887, 93.

Whangarei, Auckland.

267.E. terminella Walk., Cat. xxviii, 548: subpavonella ibid. xxx, 898; Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales 1880, 269.

Auckland, Taranaki.

268.E. charadrota Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales 1880, 268.

Auckland, Taranaki, Wellington, Christchurch.

269.E. flavistriata Wals., Faun. Haw. i, 716, pl. xxv, 18.

Kermadec Islands; also occurs in the Hawaiian Islands.

270.E. exospila Meyr., Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1901, 577.

Whangarei, Kaeo.

271.E. hemiclistra Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1910, 77.

Wellington, Makara, Invercargill. Larva in flower-stems of Arundo conspicua.

272.E. fulguritella Walk., Cat. xxviii, 548.

Wellington, Christchurch, Dunedin, Lake Wakatipu, Invercargill.

69.Hectacma n.g.

Head rough. Basal joint of antennae elongate. Labial palpi moderately long, terminal joint enlarged with scales projecting at apex, longer than

– 234 –

second. Maxillary palpi long, folded. Forewings with all veins present, 7 separate. Hindwings ovate-lanceolate; 5 and 6 stalked, 6 to apex or costa (chionodira).

Type chasmatias Meyr. Endemic.

273.H. chionodira Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales 1880, 268.

Auckland, Taranaki, Wellington.

274.H. stilbella Doubl., Dieff. N. Zeal. ii, 289; Walk., Cat. xxx, 849; Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales 1880, 265.

Auckland, Taranaki, Wellington, Lower Hutt River.

275.H. chasmatias Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales 1880, 264.

Whangarei, Wellington.

70.Tephrosara n.g.

Head rough. Basal joint of antennae flattened, excavated beneath. Labial palpi moderately long, with rough projecting scales beneath throughout. Maxillary palpi long, folded. Forewings with all veins present, 7 and 8 stalked. Hindwings ovate-lanceolate; 5 and 6 stalked, 6 to termen.

Endemic.

276.T. cimmeria Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1913, 113.

Waitakere Ranges.

71.Petasactis n.g.

Head rough. Basal joint of antennae flattened, excavated beneath. Labial palpi moderately long, second joint with projecting scales towards apex beneath. Maxillary palpi long, folded. Forewings with all veins present, 7 and 8 stalked. Hindwings ovate-lanceolate; 5 and 6 stalked, 6 to costa.

Endemic.

277.P. technica Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1887, 92.

Whangarei.

72.Dryadaula Meyr.

Dryadaula Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales xvii, 559 (1892); type, glycinopa Meyr.

Head rough. Basal joint of antennae moderate. Labial palpi moderately long. Maxillary palpi long, folded. Forewings with all veins present, 7 and 8 stalked. Hindwings ovate-lanceolate; 6 absent.

Besides the following there are several Australian species.

278.D. myrrhina Meyr., Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1905, 243.

Kaeo, Kaitoke, Wellington.

279.D. pactolia Meyr., Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1901, 577.

Wellington, Nelson, Bealey River.

73.Eschatotypa Meyr.

Eschatotypa Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales v, 256 (1880); type, melichrysa Meyr.

Head rough. Basal joint of antennae moderate, excavated beneath. Labial palpi moderately long, second joint with projecting scales towards

– 235 –

apex beneath. Maxillary palpi long, folded. Forewings with all veins present, 7 separate. Hindwings ovate-lanceolate; 5 and 6 stalked, 6 to termen.

Endemic.

280.E. melichrysa Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales 1880, 257; Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1908, 16.

Whangarei, Auckland, Kaeo, Nelson, Dunedin, Invercargill.

281.E. derogatella Walk., Cat. xxviii, 485.

Auckland, Masterton, Wellington, Christchurch, Invercargill.

16.Tineidae.

Head usually rough; tongue usually absent. Labial palpi porrected or subascending, more or less obtuse. Maxillary palpi often long, folded. Forewings with 7 usually to costa, separate. Hindwings elongate-ovate or lanceolate; 2–4 usually remote, parallel, 5 and 6 sometimes stalked, 7 separate.

A very large family of universal distribution, but relatively most numerous in Africa. The larvae usually feed on dead wood, lichens, refuse, &c.

74.Endophthora Meyr.

Endophthora Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. xx, 93 (1888); type, omogramma Meyr.

Head rough. Maxillary palpi long, folded. Forewings with 2 and 3 connate from angle, 4 absent. Hindwings lanceolate; cell open between 3 and 4, 5 and 6 stalked.

Endemic, as now restricted.

282.E. omogramma Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1887, 94.

Auckland, Wellington, Nelson, Mount Arthur.

75.Crypsitricha n.g.

Head rough. Basal joint of antennae rather dilated, with pecten. Labial palpi rather long, subascending, second joint with appressed scales, terminal joint shorter than second, slender. Maxillary palpi long, folded. Forewings with all veins present; on lower surface with fringe of short hairs on vein 1b in disc. Hindwings lanceolate.

Type, mesotypa Meyr. Besides the following there is one Australian species.

283.C. stereota Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1913, 114.

Auckland.

284.C. pharotoma Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1887, 94.

Whangarei, Palmerston, Christchurch.

285.C. agriopa Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1887, 95.

Wellington.

286.C. mesotypa Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1887, 94.

Auckland, Wellington, Christchurch, Lake Wakatipu, Invercargill.

287.C. roseata Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1912, 28.

Wadestown, Wainuiomata.

– 236 –

76.Habrophila Meyr.

Habrophila Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. xxi, 161 (1889); type, compseuta Meyr.

Head shortly rough - haired. Basal joint of antennae with pecten. Labial palpi with second joint shortly tufted beneath. Maxillary palpi long, folded. Forewings with discal tuft; all veins present. Hindwings lanceolate; 5 and 6 stalked.

Endemic.

288.H. compseuta Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1888, 161.

Mount Arthur (4,000 ft.).

77.Bascantis Meyr.

Bascantis Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. xlvi, 114 (1914); type, sirenica Meyr.

Head shortly rough - haired. Basal joint of antennae without pecten. Labial palpi with second joint tufted beneath. Maxillary palpi long, folded. Forewings with all veins present. Hindwings trapezoidal-ovate, 2–7 separate.

Endemic.

289.B. sirenica Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1913, 115.

Kaeo, Waitakere Ranges.

78.Archyala Meyr.

Archyala Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. xxi, 159 (1889); type, paraglypta Meyr.

Head loosely haired. Basal joint of antennae with pecten. Labial palpi with second joint rough-scaled towards apex beneath, with some apical bristles, terminal joint flatly compressed. Maxillary palpi long, folded. Forewings with all veins present. Hindwings elongate-ovate, 5 and 6 stalked.

Endemic.

290.A. paraglypta Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1888, 159.

Wellington, Christchurch, Invercargill.

291.A. pentazyga

Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1914, 204.

Wellington.

292.A. terranea Butl., Cist. Ent. ii, 510; Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1887, 100.

Wellington, Christchurch, Castle Hill, Lake Wakatipu, Dunedin, Chatham Islands. Larva on moss.

79.Sagephora Meyr.

Sagephora Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. xx, 95 (1888); type, phortegella Meyr.

Head shortly rough-haired. Basal joint of antennae without pecten. Labial palpi with second joint rough-scaled beneath, with some long bristles. Maxillary palpi long, folded. Forewings with all veins present. Hindwings elongate-ovate; 4 absent.

Endemic.

– 237 –

293.S. felix Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1913, 114.

Kaeo, Wellington.

294.S. phortegella Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1887, 96.

Taranaki, Makatoku, Wellington, Nelson, Otira River, Christchurch, Dunedin, Lake Wakatipu.

295.S. steropastis Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1890, 100.

Wellington.

80.Thallostoma Meyr.

Thallostoma Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. xlv, 28 (1913); type, eurygrapha Meyr.

Head rough. Basal joint of antennae with pecten. Labial palpi with second joint slightly rough-scaled beneath. Maxillary palpi moderate, curved, ascending. Forewings with cell very long; all veins present. Hindwings elongate-ovate; 5 and 6 short-stalked.

Endemic.

296.T. eurygrapha Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1912, 29.

Ohakune, Wadestown.

81.Trichophaga Rag.

Trichophaga Rag., Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. lxiii, 123 (1894); type, swinhoei Butl.

Head rough. Labial palpi moderate, porrected. Maxillary palpi long, folded. Forewings with 10–12 successively running each into vein following it, not reaching costa. Hindwings elongate-ovate; 2–7 separate.

A genus of one African species and two others now widely distributed by artificial introduction, but probably originating round the Mediterranean.

297.T. tapetiella Linn., Syst. Nat. 536; Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1887, 98; palaestrica Butl., Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1877, 404.

Wellington, Nelson; occurs also in Europe, North America, and Australia, being replaced by another species, abruptella, Woll., in warmer intermediate regions. Larva on furs and woollen stuffs.

82.Monopis Hb.

Monopis Hb., Verz. 401 (1826); type, rusticella Hb. Blabophanes Zell., Linn. Ent. vi, 100 (1852); type, rusticella Hb.

Head rough. Labial palpi moderate, porrected. Maxillary palpi long, folded. Forewings with more or less developed subhyaline spot in cell; 3 and 4 stalked. Hindwings elongate-ovate.

Not very numerous, but of general distribution. Larvae feed on refuse.

298.M. ornithias Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1887, 97.

Christchurch.

299.M. ethelella Newm., Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. (2) iii, 288; Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1887, 97; rectella Walk., Cat. xxviii, 482; namuella Feld., Reis. Nov. pl. cxl, 44.

Auckland, Palmerston, Nelson, Mount Arthur (to 4,000 ft.), Christchurch, Dunedin; also common in Australia.

– 238 –

300.M. crocicapitella Clem., Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 1859, 257; ferruginella Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1887, 97 (nec Hb.).

Taranaki, Napier, Wellington, Mount Arthur (to 4,000 ft.), Nelson, Christchurch; also occurs in Europe, Africa, North America, and Australia. The true ferruginella is much more restricted in distribution.

83.Tineola Herr.-Schäff.

Tineola Herr.-Schäff., Schmett. Eur. v, 23 (1853); type, biselliella Hüm.

Head rough. Labial palpi moderate, porrected. Maxillary palpi short, simple, porrected. Forewings with all veins present. Hindwings elongateovate.

Principally developed in Africa.

301.T. biselliella Hüm., Ess. Ent. iii, 13; Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1887, 101.

Christchurch, Lake Wakatipu; also in Europe, North Africa, North America, and Australia. Larva on hair and wool, often destructive in furniture-linings.

84.Tinea Linn.

Tinea Linn., Syst. Nat. 534 (1758); type, pellionella L.

Head rough. Labial palpi moderate, porrected. Maxillary palpi long, folded. Forewings with all veins present. Hindwings elongate-ovate.

A large and cosmopolitan genus.

302.T. margaritis Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1913, 116.

Wellington, Tisbury.

303.T. argodelta Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1914, 204.

Bluff.

304.T. astraea Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1910, 68.

Invercargill.

305.T. dicharacta Meyr., Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales 1892, 536.

Wellington; also occurs in east Australia, but scarce.

306.T. fuscipunctella Haw., Lep. Brit. 562; Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1887, 100.

Whangarei, Palmerston, Wellington, Nelson, Dunedin; also common in Europe, Africa, North America, and Australia. Artificially introduced, being a domestic species. Larva on dry refuse.

307.T. conferta Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1887, 100.

Christchurch, Lake Wakatipu.

308.T. conferta Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1913, 115.

Wellington, Otira River.

309.T. belonota Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1887, 99.

Palmerston.

310.T. mysticopa Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1913, 115.

Greymouth, Invercargill.

– 239 –

85. Prothinodes Meyr.

Prothinodes Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. xlvi, 116 (1914); type, lutata Meyr.

Head rough. Labial palpi long, curved, second joint shortly tufted, terminal joint compressed, furrowed. Maxillary palpi long, folded. Forewings with all veins present. Hindwings elongate-ovate.

Endemic.

311.P. grammocosma Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1887, 98.

Wellington, Nelson.

312.P. lutata Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1913, 116.

Kaeo.

86. Proterodesma Meyr.

Proterodesma Meyr., Subantarct. Islands N.Z. 74 (1909); type, byrsopola Meyr.

Head rough. Labial palpi long, curved, second joint rough-scaled beneath, with numerous bristles. Maxillary palpi long, drooping. Forewings with 8–11 becoming obsolete near costa and connected by an indistinct subcostal bar. Hindwings ovate-lanceolate; 6 to costa.

Endemic.

313.P. byrsopola Meyr., Subantarct. Islands N.Z. 74.

Auckland Island.

87. Trithamnora Meyr.

Trithamnora Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. xlv, 29 (1913); type, certella Walk.

Head rough. Labial palpi moderate, porrected, second joint rough-scaled beneath. Maxillary palpi long, drooping. Forewings with subdorsal tufts; all veins present. Hindwings elongate-ovate.

Endemic.

314.T. certella Walk., Cat. xxviii, 484; improba Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1912, 29

Wellington.

88. Lysiphragma Meyr.

Lysiphragma Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. xx, 104 (1888); type, mixochlora Meyr.

Head loosely scaled. Labial palpi curved, ascending, second joint with rough projecting scales beneath, terminal joint broadly flattened. Maxillary palpi long, drooping. Forewings with subdorsal tufts; all veins present. Hindwings elongate-ovate, transverse vein sometimes absent between 3 and 4.

Endemic.

316.L. mixochlora

Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1887, 105.

Auckland, Makatoku, Wellington.

316.L. epixyla Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1887, 105.

Wellington, Greymouth, Lake Wakatipu, Invercargill.

– 240 –

89. Titanomis Meyr.

Titanomis Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. xx, 104 (1888); type, sisyrota Meyr.

Head shortly rough-haired; tongue well developed. Labial palpi moderate, subascending, second joint shortly rough-scaled beneath, terminal joint short, stout. Maxillary palpi long, folded. Thorax with slight crest, densely short-haired beneath. Forewings with 3 and 4 stalked, 7 to termen. Hindwings over 1, oblong-ovate.

Endemic.

317.T. sisyrota

Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1887, 104.

Otaki, Nelson.

90. Taleporia Hüb.

Taleporia Hüb., Verz. 400 (1826); type, pseudobombycella Hüb.

Head rough. Labial palpi moderate, porrected. Maxillary palpi obsolete. Forewings with 7 to termen, 7 and 8 sometimes stalked. Hindwings elongate-ovate, 2–7 separate. Female apterous.

A small European genus. Larvae feed on lichens.

318.T. scoriota

Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1908, 16.

Wellington, Invercargill.

319.T. aphrosticha Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1911, 123.

Hump Ridge (3,500 ft.).

91. Mallobathra Meyr.

Mallobathra Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. xx, 102 (1888); type, crataea Meyr.

Head loosely haired. Labial palpi moderate or short, porrected. Maxillary palpi obsolete. Forewings, with 6 seldom absent, 7 to termen, 7 and 8 stalked. Hindwings elongate-ovate, 6 sometimes stalked with 7 or absent. Female winged.

Endemic.

320.M. microphanes Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1887, 103.

Christchurch, Dunedin.

321.M. araneosa Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1913, 117.

Ben Lomond and The Hump, 2,000–3,000 ft.

322.M. globulosa Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1913, 117.

Invercargill.

323.M. metrosema Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1887, 103.

Christchurch.

324.M. lapidosa Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1913, 117.

Wellington.

325.M. crataea Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1887, 102.

Mount Arthur (4,000 ft.), Invercargill.

326.M. homalopa Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1890, 100.

Wellington.

– 241 –
92. Scoriodyta Meyr.

Scoriodyta Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. xx, 101 (1888); type, conisalia Meyr.

Head loosely haired. Labial palpi moderate, porrected. Maxillary palpi obsolete. Forewings with 7 to costa. Hindwings elongate-ovate, 2–7 separate. Female apterous.

Endemic.

327.S. conisalia Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst. 1887, 102.

Wellington.