Literature and History.
1857. Pfeiffer, Dr. L. “Descriptions of Fifty-eight New Species of Helicea from the Collection of H. Cuming, Esq.” Proc. Zool. Soc., 1856, p. 324. Describes two new species of land shells from Sunday Island, Helix kermandeci and H. chimmoi, collected by Lieut. Chimmo, presumably an officer of H.M.S. “Herald,” which surveyed the island in 1854. H. chimmoi is omitted from the present list, as Iredale, who examined the type, is of opinion that the locality assigned to it is erroneous.
1873. Smith, E. A. “Description of a New Species belonging to the Genus Vitrina.” Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (4), xi, p. 288. V. kermadecensis described from Sunday Island.
1873. Mousson. “Faune Malacologique de quelques Hes de l'Océan Pacifique Occidental, ii, Hes de Norfolk et de Kermandec.” Journ. de Conch., xxi, p. 109. Records Microcystis kermandeci Pfeiffer, and describes as new Vitrina ultima, Trochonanina exposita and Patula modicella Férussac var. vicinalis. Of these, V. ultima is the same as V. kermadecensis Smith, while P. modicella var. vicinalis is omitted from the present list, as the type is lost and no specimens answering to Mousson's description have since been collected at Sunday Island. Mousson's specimens were collected by Dr. Graeffe.
1884. Hutton, F. W. “Revision of the Land Mollusca of New Zealand.” Trans. N.Z. Inst., vol. 16, p. 186. Vitrina kermadecensis recorded from the Kermadecs, and also from Hobson's Glen, Auckland; but the latter locality is almost certainly an error.
1884–87. “Reports on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. ‘Challenger.’” The “Challenger,” on her famous voyage round the world, passed through the Kermadec Group on the 14th and 15th July, 1874. No landing was made on any of the islands, but the trawl was put over three times. Two casts were made between Sunday and Macauley Islands in 520 and 630 fathoms (Station 170), the bottom in both instances being volcanic mud. The following species of Mollusca were taken: Spondylus ostreoides, Euplocamus pacificus, Amphitretus pelagicus, Eledone verrucosa, and, on the surface, Halopsyche gaudichaudi. The trawl was again put over north of Sunday Island (Station 171) in 600 fathoms, bottom volcanic mud, the following Mollusca being obtained: Pecten kermadecensis, Murex zelandicus, Cirroteuthis meangensis. The above species were recorded in the undermentioned reports: Nudibranchiata, Dr. R. Bergh, vol. x, pt. 26, 1884; Lamellibranchiata, E. A. Smith, vol. xiii, pt. 35, 1885; Gastropoda, R. B. Watson, vol. xv, pt. 42, 1886; Cephalopoda, W. E. Hoyle, vol. xvi, pt. 44, 1886 (diagnoses of new species in Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5), xv, 222); Pteropoda, Dr. P. Pelseneer, vol. xix, pt. 58, 1887.
1885–87. Tryon, G. W. “Manual of Conchology,” 2nd series. Vol. i, 1885, p. 158, Vitrina ultima; vol. ii, 1886, p. 47, Nanina exposita; vol. iii, 1887, p. 38, Helix modicella.
1888. Cheeseman, T. F. “On the Flora of the Kermadec Islands, with Notes on the Fauna.” Trans. N.Z. Inst., vol. 20, p. 151. Six species of marine Gastropods are recorded, while mention is made of a large limpet common on the rocks.
1893. Hedley, C., and Suter, H. “Reference List of the Land and Fresh-water Mollusca of New Zealand.” Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W. (2), vii, p. 613. Recorded from the Kermadecs: Helicarion ultimus, Microcystis kermadeci, Trochonanina exposita, Charopa modicella var. vicinalis.
1894–95. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W. The locality assigned to Scutellastra kermadecensis is disputed by Brazier (vol. ix, p. 18, 1894). Hedley then states that specimens were collected at Sunday Island by the crew of the New Zealand Government steamer “Hinemoa” (vol. ix, p. 465, 1895); but Brazier refuses to believe that this large limpet is found at Sunday Island, though he admits it occurs at Macauley Island (vol. ix, p. 566, 1895). The question is finally settled by Cheeseman, who states that he himself collected the type specimens at Sunday Island during his visit in the New Zealand Government steamer “Stella” in 1887 (vol. x, p. 221, 1895).
1899. Suter, H. “Malacological Communications from New Zealand” Journ. Malac., vol. viii, p. 54. Scalaria australis recorded from the Kermadecs.
1902. Suter, H. “On the Systematic Position of Patella kermadecensis, Pilsbry.” Journ. Malac., vol. ix, p. 111. Branchial cordon and radula described and figured.
1905. Suter, H. “Revision of the New Zealand Patellidae, with Descriptions of a New Species and Subspecies.” Proc. Mal. Soc., vol. vi, p. 346. Helcioniscus craticulatus is described from the Kermadecs.
1906. Suter, H. “Notes on New Zealand Mollusca, with Descriptions of New Species and Subspecies.” Trans. N.Z. Inst, vol. 38, p. 316. Recorded from the Kermadecs: Meleagrina radiata, Tutufa californica, Nassa zonalis, Purpura striata var. bollonsi, Terebra venosa.
1907. Suter, H. “Notes and Additions to the New Zealand Molluscan Fauna.” Trans. N.Z. Inst., vol. 39, p. 265. Siphonaria diemenensis recorded from the Kermadecs.
1909. Suter, H. “Descriptions of New Species and Subspecies of New Zealand Mollusca, with Notes on a Few Species.” Proc. Mal. Soc., vol. viii, p. 254. Recorded from the Kermadecs: Drupa bollonsi, Tornatellina subperforata.
1909. Suter, H. “The Mollusca of the Subantarctic Islands of New Zealand.” Subantarctic Is. N.Z., vol. 1, p. 1. Six species of marine molluscs recorded from the Kermadecs. Of these, I retain Lemellaria ophione and Saxicava arctica, but omit until authentic specimens are obtained Cantharidus opalus, Trophon ambiguus, Chione stutchburyi, and C. yatei.
1910. Iredale, T. “On Marine Mollusca from the Kermadec Islands and on the Sinusigera Apex.” Proc. Mal. Soc., vol. ix, p. 68 (list of species reprinted in Proc. N.Z. Inst., 1910, p. 57). This is the first paper dealing with the Mollusca collected by the expedition to the Kermadec Islands in 1908, of which both Iredale and myself were members. Iredale records ninety-four species of Gastropoda, twenty-two of Lamellibranchia, and five of Cephalopoda. In the present list I have taken account of all of his species except Erato corrugata and Rissoina polytropa, as Iredale informs me that the shells so named belong to other species, as yet undetermined. Critical notes on several species of shells are given, together with a discussion on the sinusigera apex, which is recorded for several Kermadec species.
1910. Iredale, T. “Notes on Polyplacophora, chiefly Australian.” Proc. Mal. Soc., vol. ix, p. 153. Contains an account of the Kermadec Amphineura collected in 1908, but none are assigned definitely to described species.
1911. Oliver, W. R. B. “The Geology of the Kermadec Islands.” Trans. N.Z. Inst., vol. 43, p. 524. The following species are recorded from
the submarine volcanic tuffs of Sunday Island and outlying islets: Turbo argyrostomus, Spondylus ostroides, Pecten kermadecensis, Arca decussata. The correct names for these and others only generically identified at the time are given in the present list.
1911. Iredale, T. “On the Value of the Gastropod Apex in Classification.” Proc. Mal. Soc., vol. ix, p. 319. A discussion on Gastropod apexes, mainly from Kermadec material, mentioning the following species: Turris cingulifera, Planaxis brasilianus, Cerithiopsis sinon, Bullina scabra.
1912. Iredale, T. “New Generic Names and New Species of Marine Mollusca.” Proc. Mal. Soc., vol. x, p. 217. Descriptions of thirteen new species of Gastropoda from the Kermadecs. Seven new generic names proposed for Kermadec Gastropods—Roya, Royella, Brookula, Jeannea, Quoyula, Heterorissoa, Neothais.
1913. Berry, S. S. “Nematolampas, a Remarkable New Cephalopod from the South Pacific.” Biol. Bull., vol. 25, p. 208. Description and figure of N. regalis, collected at Sunday Island.
1913. Iredale, T. “The Land Mollusca of the Kermadec Islands.” Proc. Mal. Soc., vol. x, p. 364. An account of the land shells collected at Sunday Island in 1908. There are seventeen species enumerated, of which eleven are described as new.
1913. Suter, H. “Manual of the New Zealand Mollusca.” In this work there are recorded from the Kermadec Islands thirty-three species of Gastropoda and nineteen of Lamellibranchia. Of these, thirty-two species were not taken by the expedition of 1908. There are no specimens in Mr. Suter's or any collection known to me, and Captain Bollons informs me he cannot remember collecting any of them. I have therefore omitted them in the present paper. They include the four species noted above (Subantarctic Is. N.Z., vol. i, 1909), and the following twenty-eight: Haliotis virginea, Cantharidus purpuratus, Calliostoma pellucidum, Turritellà carlottae, Struthiolaria papulosa, Natica zelandica, Epitonium zelebori, Cominella huttoni, C. maculosa, C. virgata, Murex octogonus, Trophon plebejus, Fulguraria arabica, Ancilla australis, Bathytoma cheesemani, Solemya parkinsoni, Nucula hartvigiana, Glycymeris laticostata, G. modesta, Venericardia australis, Divaricella cumingi, Tellina deltoidalis, Mesodesma subtriangulatum, Dosinia lambata, D. anus, Chione mesodesma, Soletellina nitida, Myodora striata.
1914. Iredale, T. “The Chiton Fauna of the Kermadec Islands.” Proc. Mal. Soc., vol. xi, p. 25. An account of the Amphineura collected at the Kermadecs in 1908. Nine species, all described as new. Fragments of four other species are generically determined only—Acanthochites (2), Cryptoconchus, Lucilina. An interesting comparison is made of the Chiton faunas of Lord Howe, Norfolk, and the Kermadec Islands.
1914. Berry, S. S. “Notes on a Collection of Cephalopods from the Kermadec Islands.” Trans. N.Z. Inst., vol. 46, p. 134. An account of the Cephalopods collected in 1908 and subsequently. Three new species are described.
1914. Iredale, T. “Description of a New Species of Cassidea.” Proc. Mal. Soc., vol. xi, p. 179. C. royana, from Sunday Island.
1915. Iredale, T. “A Comparison of the Land Molluscan Faunas of the Kermadec Group and Norfolk Island.” Trans. N.Z. Inst., vol. 47, p. 498, ante.