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Volume 47, 1914
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Auckland Institute.

First Meeting]: 8th June, 1914.
Professor H. W. Segar, Vice-President, in the chair.

New Members.—Miss Adlington, J. Barr, J. A. Bartrum, Dr. Marsack, Miss K. Edgerley, Professor J. C. Johnson, T. L. Lancaster, Dr. K. McKenzie, Professor G. Owen, S. H. Pryor, Dr. Carrick Robertson, S. C. Rountree, J. L. Strevens, Professor F. P. Worley.

Lecture.—“The Art of Road-making: Past, Present, and Future,” by Mr. F. E. Powell, C.E.

The lecturer traced the development of road-making from the time of the Romans up to the advent of the motor vehicle, when the older methods failed and road-builders were forced to use new types of construction and to experiment with new materials. He then endeavoured to show the probable trend of road-construction in the future, accompanying his remarks with numerous diagrams and lantern-slides.

Second Meeting: 6th July, 1914
Professor H. W. Segar, Vice-President, in the chair.

Lecture.—“Petroleum and its Occurrence in New Zealand,” by Mr. J. L. Strevens, late chief chemist to the Taranaki oil-field.

This was an attempt to explain the principles of oil-finding and its exploitation as followed in other countries, and to show how far such principles are applicable to New Zealand. The lecture was fully illustrated with limelight views.

Third Meeting: 17th August, 1914.
Professor H. W. Segar, Vice-President, in the chair.

New Member.—J. G. H. Mackay.

Lecture.—“The European Crisis: its Historical Aspects,” by Mr. J. P. Grossmann, M.A., Lecturer on Economics and History at the Auckland University College.

Fourth Meeting: 31st August, 1914.
(British Association Lecture.)
C. J. Parr, C.M.G., President, in the chair.

Lecture.—“Heredity and Eugenics,” by Dr. C. B. Davenport.

Fifth Meeting: 3rd September, 1914.
(British Association Lecture.)
Professor H. W. Segar, Vice-President, in the chair.

Lecture.—“Heredity and Responsibility,” by Professor E. G. Conklin, Princetown University.

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Sixth Meeting: 8th September, 1914.
(British Association Lecture.)
Professor H. W. Segar, Vice-President, in the chair.

Lecture.—“English Universities and Public Schools,” by Dr. H. B. Grays

Seventh Meeting: 9th September, 1914.
Professor H. W. Segar, Vice-President, in the chair.

New Members.—S. B. Bowyer, W. Todd Smith, Dr. A. G. Talbot.

Lecture.—“Some of the Properties of an Electric Current,” by Mr. A. Wyllie, Electrical Engineer to the City of Auckland.

The lecture dealt chiefly with the fundamental phenomena of electro-magnetic induction, and was illustrated by copious experiments.

Eighth Meeting: 10th September, 1914.
(British Association Lecture.)
Professor H. W. Segar, Vice-President, in the chair.

Lecture.—“Explosions,” by Professor H. P. Dixon, F.R.S., Professor of Chemistry at the University of Manchester.

Ninth Meeting: 22nd September, 1914.
(British Association Lecture.)
Professor H. W. Segar, Vice-President, in the chair.

Lecture.—“Anaesthetics in Military Surgery,” by Prfessor A. Waller, F.R.S., London University.

Tenth Meeting: 16th December, 1914.
C. J. Parr, C.M.G., President, in the chair.
New Members.—J. M. Blair, E. Wake, G. W. Wilton.

Papers.—1. “The Prothallia of Three New Zealand Lycopods,” by Miss K. V. Edgerley, M.A.

2. “Descriptions of New Species of Flowering-plants,” by T. F. Cheeseman, F.L.S., F.Z.S.

3. “Notes on Aciphylla, with Descriptions of New Species,” by T. F. Cheeseman, F.L.S., F.Z.S.

4. “The Ferns of Mangonui County,” by H. Carse; communicated by T. F. Cheeseman.

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5. “Descriptions of New Native Phanerogams,” by D. Petrie.

6. “Some Additions to the Flora of the Subantarctic Islands of New Zealand,” by D. Petrie.

7. “Records of Borings at Horotiu,” by J. R. Hetherington; communicated by D. Petrie.

8. “The Mollusca of the Kermadec Islands,” by W. R. B. Oliver.

9. “A Comparison of the Land Molluscan Faunas of the Kermadec Group and Norfolk Island,” by T. Iredale; communicated by W. R. B. Oliver.

10. “A Commentary on Suter's Manual of the New Zealand Mollusca,”' by T. Iredale; communicated by W. R. B. Oliver.

11. “New Genera and Species of Coleoptera,” by Major T. Broun.

Annual Meeting: 22nd February, 1915.
C. J. Parr, Esq., C.M.G., Mayor of Auckland, President, in the chair.

Annual Report.—The annual report and audited financial statement was read to the meeting, and ordered to be printed and distributed among the members.


Members.—The number of members elected during the year has been twenty-two. The number of names withdrawn from the roll has been thirty-six—four from death, twenty-six from resignation, and six from non-payment of subscription for more than two consecutive years. There has thus been a net loss of fourteen, the number on the roll having been reduced from 370 to 356.

Among the members removed by death the Council regret to mention the names of Archdeacon Walsh, who has been a frequent contributor to the Transactions during the twenty-seven years he has been associated with the society, and who has made many important donations to the collection of Maori antiquities in the Museum; of Mr. W. R. Bloomfield, who was lost in the disastrous wreck of the “Empress of Ireland”; of Mr. W. S. Cochrane, and Mr. E. Bond.

Finance.—The total revenue of the Working Account, excluding the balance in hand at the commencement of the year, has been £1, 530 17s. 7d. Last year the amount was £1,862 Os. 2d.; but, as pointed out at the time, that sum included the exceptional item of a Government subsidy for £250, in addition to arrears of interest and rents properly belonging to the previous year. Taking these items into consideration, it will be found that the revenue for the year is not far below that for 1913–14. The amount received under the head of members' subscriptions has fallen from £354 18s. to £322 7s.; and there is an apparent reduction of £37 12s. 6d. in the receipts from the Costley Bequest, and of £16 10s. 8d. in the returns from the Museum Endowment, but both are mainly caused by the payment of arrears in the previous year. On the other hand, a new item of revenue appears in the returns from the Campbell Bequest. The expenditure has been unusually large, amounting to £1,692 19s., as against £1,590 10s. 2d. for the previous year. The increase is due to the numerous purchases made for the Museum, and to the cost of the show-cases required for their exhibition. The balance in hand amounts to the satisfactory sum of £218 9s. 7d.

The position of the invested funds of the society must be regarded as satisfactory. The legacy of £1,000 bequeathed by the late Sir John Campbell, paid over by the Campbell Trustees during the previous year, has been suitably invested, and is now yielding its full revenue of 6 per cent. A further sum of £555 has been derived from the sale by the Government of certain Museum endowments, and has also been invested. From these two sources the capital funds of the Institute have been raised to the sum of £18,181, thus securing an increased revenue in the future of nearly £100 per annum.

Visit of the British Association.—In last year's report it was stated that arrangements had been made by the New Zealand Government to invite a number of the leading members of the British Association to visit New Zealand after the close of the Australian meeting, with the object of holding a short supplementary meeting in New Zealand; but the unforeseen outbreak of war, and the military preparations that at once became necessary, compelled the Government to cancel the greater part of these arrangements,

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and, in particular, to abandon the idea of an official meeting of the Association in the Dominion. After the break-up of the Australian meeting, however, a considerable number of members of the Association were able to visit New Zealand, and no small number of lectures or addresses were delivered in the various centres. Six of these were given in Auckland under the auspices of the Institute, and were fully appreciated by the citizens, securing in each case a large and representative audience.

Meetings.—Including the British Association lectures just alluded to, eleven meetings have been held during the year, at which twenty-one lectures and papers were given by members and others.

Museum.—The attendance of visitors has been good, although not quite equal to the standard of the two previous years.

Much progress has been made in the Museum during the year. The additions received by purchase or donation have been numerous and important, while a large amount of material has been derived from collecting-trips made to various portions of the coast. Perhaps the most attractive addition to the zoological department is a special group illustrating the life-history of the spotted shag (Phalacrocorax punctatus). It contains numerous specimens of adult males and females in full breeding plumage, together with young birds in various stages of growth, nests, and eggs, and is an exact representation of a portion of Shag Rock, in the Firth of the Thames, which is a great breeding colony of the species.

Two other conspicuous additions consist of a fine specimen of the mako shark (Lamna glauca), and an equally good example of the singular thresher shark (Alopecias vulpes), in which the length of the tail greatly exceeds that of the body.

Another important addition is an exhibit prepared by the Auckland Harbour Board for the recent Exhibition, showing the damage caused to wooden wharves by the Teredo, Limnoria, and other genera of marine borers. This was very kindly presented to the Museum by the Harbour Board.

Several important donations have been made to the geological department, including a large series of auriferous-lode specimens and minerals presented by the Talisman Gold-mining Company, and an extensive set of named New Zealand fossils presented by the Geological Survey.

The Maori collection has been largely increased during the year. The most important accession is a series of 336 greenstone, bone, and ordinary stone articles collected by Mr. F. R. Smith, with the assistance of Mr. C. Arnold and others, at Murdering Beach and other localities near Dunedin, in the years between 1874 and 1878. After the death of Mr. Smith the collection passed into the hands of his widow, from whom it has now been purchased. The other additions include a superbly carved whakapapa, or genealogical tree, originally obtained many years ago by Captain Preece in the Urewera country during the Maori War, and an unusually large and boldly carved hei-tiki, formerly in the possession of the well-known chief Honga Hika. Important donations have been received from Mr. John Kenderdine, Mr. G. Graham, and Captain Bollons, of the s.s. “Hinemoa.”

Library.—The annual balance-sheet shows that an expenditure of £197 2s. 8d. has been incurred in the library during the year, £105 of which has been derived from the Mackechnie Library Bequest and the remainder from the ordinary revenue of the society. A consignment of about sixty volumes ordered from London was received last June, catalogued, and placed in the library.

Election of Officers for 1915.—President—Hon. E. Mitchelson; Vice-Presidents—C. J. Parr, C.M.G., Professor H. W. Segar; Council—Professor C. W. Egerton, J. Kenderdine, E. V. Miller, Professor G. Owen, T. Peacock, D. Petrie, J. A. Pond, Professor A. P. W. Thomas, J. H. Upton, Professor F. P. Worley H. E. Vaile; Trustees—T. Peacock, J. Reid, J. H. Upton; Auditor—S. Gray.