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Volume 47, 1914
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Philosophical Institute of Canterbury.

First Meeting: 6th May, 1914.
Present: Dr. Evans, President, in the chair, and about fifty members and friends.

Ex-Presidential Address.—“Animal-life in Underground Waters,” by Dr. Charles Chilton.

Special Meeting: 25th May, 1914.
Present: Dr. Evans, President, in the chair, and about 100 members.

Address.—“The Origin of the Coral Reefs of Fiji,” by Dr. W. M. Davis, of Harvard University.

Second Meeting: 3rd June, 1914.
Present: Dr. Evans, President, in the chair, and about twenty-five members.

New Members.—Professor R. J. Scott, Messrs. C. B. Morris, H. Lang, and S. L. Blackburne.

Address.—“Maps,” by Mr. W. F. Robinson.

Third Meeting: 1st July, 1914.
Present: Dr. Evans, President, in the chair, and about fifty members.
New Member.—Mrs. H. T. Ferrar.

Papers.—1. “Some New Coccidae,” by Mr. Guy Brittin.

2. “The Intermontane Basins of Canterbury,” by Mr. Guy Brittin.

3. “The Influence of Pressure on the Solubility of Tricalcic Phosphate in Carbonic-acid Solutions,” by Mr. P. S. Nelson.

Exhibits.—Dr. F. W. Hilgendorf exhibited a specimen of curious growth in wood.

Mr. L. Birks reviewed the recent progress at Lake Coleridge, illustrating this with lantern-slides and exhibits.

Fourth Meeting: 5th August, 1914.
Present: Dr. Evans, President, in the chair, and about sixty members.

Address.—“Problem Plays of Ancient Athens,” by Professor H. Stewart.

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Special Meeting: 9th September, 1914.
Present: Dr. Evans, President, in the chair, and about 250 members and friends.

Address.—“Heredity and Eugenics,” by Professor Davenport.

Special Meeting: 10th September, 1914.
Present: Mr. A. D. Dobson, in the chair, and about 200 friends

Address.—“Agricultural Education,” by Professor Creelman.

Special Meeting: 11th September, 1914.
Present: Dr. Charles Chilton, Vice-President, in the chair, and about 200 members and friends.

Address.—“Irrigation and Agricultural Practice in Egypt,” by Mr. H. T. Ferrar.

Special Meeting: 23rd September, 1914.
Present: Dr. Evans, President, in the chair, and friends.

Address.—“Explosions,” by Professor Dixon.

Special Meeting: 15th October, 1914.
Present: Dr. Evans, President, in the chair, and about 400 members and friends.

Address.—“The Evolution of Elements,” by Sir Ernest Rutherford.

Special Meeting: 15th October, 1914.
Present: Dr. Evans, President, in the chair, and about 400 members and friends.

Address.—“The Evolution of Elements,” by Sir Ernest Rutherford.

Fifth Meeting: 4th November, 1914.
Present: Dr. Evans, President, in the chair, and about thirty members.

Papers.—1. “Revised List of the Norfolk Island Flora,” by Mr. R. M. Laing.

2. “Recent Changes in the Position of the Terminal Face of the Franz Josef Glacier,” by Mr. R. Speight.

3. “A Fresh-water Crab, and its Distribution in Australia and New Zealand,” by Dr. Charles Chilton.

4. “On Orthogonal Circles,” by Mr. E. G. Hogg.

5. “New Zealand Bird-song,” by Mr. Johannes C. Andersen.

6. “On Tuis singing in Harmony,” by Mr. C. H. Tripp.

21—Trans.

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Special Meeting: 4th November, 1914.
Present: Dr. Charles Chilton, Vice-President, in the chair, and about thirty members.

Address.—“The Wild Flowers of New Zealand,” by Mr. J. Crosby Smith.

Special Meeting: 25th November, 1914.
Present: Dr. Evans, President, in the chair, and a large number of members and friends.

Address.—-“The Electrical and Mechanical Characteristics of the Lake Coleridge Transmission-wire,” by Mr. E. Parry.

Annual Meeting: 2nd December, 1914.
Present: Dr. Evans, President, in the chair, and about twenty-five members.

New Members.—C. E. Christensen and W. G. Morrison.

Annual Report.—The annual report and balance-sheet were adopted.

Abstract.

The Council, in endorsing the suggestion, made by the Wellington Philosophical Society, that a memorial to the late Mr. A. Hamilton, Director of the Dominion Museum, should be erected, made a grant £5 5s. to the fund.

Consideration has been given to a proposal to send a party to the Chatham Islands to investigate the natural science of the islands, and ultimately to publish the results of the investigations, but owing to the war the matter has been held in abeyance for the present.

The Council has taken action to support the endeavours of the Manawatu Philosophical Society to extend the boundaries of the Tongariro National Park to at least those suggested by Dr. L. Cockayne in his report to the Government on the subject.

The Council actively supported the appeal of Sir Douglas Mawson to the New Zealand Government for the sum of £500 to enable him to publish the physical results of the expedition.

Meetings of the Institute.—In addition to the meetings held in connection with the visit of the British Association members, nine meetings of the Institute have been held during the year, at which the following addresses were delivered: “Animal-life in Underground Waters,” ex-presidential address by Dr. Charles Chilton; “The Origin of the Coral Reefs of Fiji,“by Professor W. M. Davis, Harvard University; “Maps,” by Mr. W. F. Robinson; “Problem Plays of Ancient Athens,” by Professor H. Stewart; “Wild Flowers of New Zealand,” by Mr. J. Crosby Smith; “The Electrical and Mechanical Characteristics of the Lake Coleridge Transmission-wire,” by Mr. E. Parry.

In addition to these, twenty-six papers have been read, which may be classified as follow: Botany, 5; chemistry, 3; geology, 3; mathematics, 1; zoology, 12; miscellaneous, 2.

Visit of Members of the British Association.—In consequence of the war, the proposed Christchurch meetings of the New Zealand Science Congress, which were being organized by a special local committee, were abandoned by the central committee, and the Council of this Institute undertook the entertainment of visiting members, and the arrangement of various public meetings, at which a number of the British and American visitors gave addresses as follow: “Heredity and Eugenics,” by Dr. C. Davenport; “Agricultural Education,” by Professor C. G. Crealman; “Irrigation and Agricultural Practice in Egypt,” by Mr. H. T. Ferrar; “Explosions,” by Professor H. B. Dixon; “The Evolution of Elements,” by Sir Ernest Rutherford.

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The Council entertained a number of the visitors at dinner, and in co-operation with the Mayor accorded a civic reception to Sir Ernest Rutherford.

Membership.—During the year seven new members have been elected, and twenty-three have either resigned or have been struck off the roll, so that the number now stands at 164. The Council regrets to record the loss by death of Mr. F. L. Mouldey, who had for a number of years been associated with this Institute.

Riccarton Bush.—The Council expresses its appreciation of the action of the Deans family in handing over this bush to the public, and the recognition of this Institute in relation to the control of the gift, which is of great historical and scientific interest to the community.

Arthur's Pass Tunnel Investigation.—The usual temperature observations have been continued, and specimens of the rocks were received for examination, thus keeping the series complete.

Library.—During the past year the library has been maintained in an efficient condition. A large sum has been expended on binding, and it is expected that all arrears of binding will be made up by the close of the current year.

Many valuable additions have been made to the library by gift or purchase. To Dr. Cockayne, F.R.S., the library is indebted for a number of scientific works, including the “Journal” and “Proceedings and Transactions of the Linnean Society” (30 volumes and parts), “Bibliothèque de l'école des Hautes Études” (15 volumes), “Amoenitates Academicae” (10 volumes), and “Verhandlungen d. K.K. Zool. Bot. Gesellschaft in Wien,” 1855–73 (19 volumes).

With a view to providing magazines of a less technical character and more general interest, the Council have decided to subscribe to “Knowledge,” “Science Progress,” and “Bed-rock.” The back numbers of the two latter publications since their inception have been presented to the library by Mr. R. Speight and Dr. Chilton respectively.

Balance-sheet.—The Institute commenced the financial year with a credit balance in the Bank of New Zealand of £69 2s. 9d.; and the receipts for the year amount to £160 11s. 4d.; the expenditure to £207 2s. 8d., of which £112 11s 6d. has been spent in connection with the library, principally on periodicals and binding, and a sum of £50 has also been placed on fixed deposit with the Permanent Investment and Loan Association as an instalment towards liquidating the amount borrowed from the Tunnel Account; the balance in the Bank of New Zealand stands at £22 11s. 5d.

Papers.—1. “New Coccidae” by Mr. G. Brittin.

2. “The Increase in Size of certain Crustacea in High Latitudes,” by Dr. Charles Chilton.

3. “Some Southern Amphipoda belonging to the Genus Ampelisca,” by Dr. Charles Chilton.

4. “The New Zealand Species of the Amphipodan Genus Elasmopus,” by Dr. Charles Chilton.

5. “Some Amphipoda from Lord Howe and Norfolk Islands,” by Dr. Charles Chilton.

6. “The Fresh-water Crayfish of New Zealand,” by Mr. G. E. Archey.

7. “The Occurrence in New Zealand of Myriapoda of the Genus Scutigerella, Order Symphyla,” by Mr. G. E. Archey.

8. “A Note on the Occurrence of Petroleum in New Zealand,” by Mr. R. Speight.

9. “The Chemistry of Flesh Foods, Part II,” by Mr. A. M. Wright.

10. “Notes from the Canterbury College Mountain Biological Station, Cass.—No. 1: Introduction and General Description of Station,” by Dr Charles Chilton.

11. “The Species and Varieties of Phormium,” by Miss B. D. Cross.

12. “Pedunculate Cirripedia of New Zealand,” by Mr. L. S. Jennings.

13. “Preliminary Note on the Protocorm of Lycopodium laterale,” by Rev. J. E. Holloway.

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14. “An Undescribed Species of Cotula from the Chatham Islands,” by Dr. L. Cockayne, F.R.S.; communicated by Dr. Charles Chilton.

15. “Note on the Determination of Milk-fat,” by Mr. A. M. Wright.

16. “Description of New Zealand Lepidoptera,” by Mr. E. Meyrick; communicated by Dr. Chilton.

17. “Revision of New Zealand Tineina,” by Mr. E. Meyrick, F.R.S.; communicated by Dr. Chilton.

Election of Officers for 1914.—President—Mr. A. D. Dobson; Vice-Presidents—Dr. W. P. Evans and Mr. L. Birks; Hon. Secretary—Mr. A. M. Wright; Hon. Treasurer—Mr. R. Speight; Hon. Librarian—Mr. E. G. Hogg; Council—Dr. Charles Chilton, Dr. C. Coleridge Farr, Dr. F. W. Hilgendorf, Mr. S. Page, Mr. W. F. Robinson, Mr. G. E. Archey; Hon. Auditor—Mr. G. E. Way, F.P.A.N.Z.