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Volume 48, 1915
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Auckland Institute.

First Meeting: 7th June, 1915.

Professor H. W Segar, Vice-President, in the chair.

New Members.—Messrs H Atkinson, T. Crook, T. S. Culling, J. P. Grossmann, J. O. Horning, G Knight, J L McColl, G S. Poole, P Upton, F. Whittome.

Lecture.—“Europe, 1815 and 1915 a Survey and a Contrast,” by Professor J. P. Grossmann, M.A.

Second Meeting. 5th July, 1915

Hon E. Mitchelson, President, in the chair Lecture.—“Constantinople,” by E. D Mackellar, M.D

Third Meeting. 2nd August, 1915

Hon. E. Mitchelson, President, in the chair.

New Members—Messrs R. Jacobson, M A, G W Murray; J. A Warnock.

Lecture.—“Crystals,” by Professor F P Worley, M Sc

Fourth Meeting 30th August, 1915

Hon E Mitchelson, President, in the chair.

Lecture.—“The Elizabethan Debt to Rome,” by Professor H S Dettmann, M A.

Fifth Meeting. 27th September, 1915

Hon E Mitchelson, President, in the chair

Lecture.—“Modern Views of Matter,” by Professor G Owen, D Sc

Sixth Meeting 25th October, 1915

Hon E Mitchelson, President, in the chair.

New Member.—Mr A F Ellis

Lecture.—“The Newer Physiology,” by Dr. Kenneth Mackenzie. F.R C.S.

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Seventh Meeting: 8th November, 1915.

Hon. E. Mitchelson, President, in the chair.

Lecture —“Maori Voyagers and their Vessels,” by Mr. Elsdon Best. In the absence of the author the lecture was read by Mr. G. A. Hansard.

Eighth Meeting: 8th December, 1915.

Hon E Mitchelson, President, in the chair.

New Members.—Messrs E. C Blomfield. C A. Whitney.

Papers.—1 “Further Additions to the Flora of the Mongonui County,” by Mr. H. Carse.

2. “New Species of Plants,” by Mr. T F. Cheeseman

3 “Descriptions of New Native Phanerogams,” by Mr. D. Petrie.

4 “New Genera and Species of Coleoptera,” by Major T. Broun.

Annual Meeting. 28th February, 1916.

Hon E. Mitchelson, President, in the chair.

Annual Report.—The annual report and audited financial statement was read to the meeting, and ordered to be printed and distributed among the members.


Members.—The number of new members added to the roll during the year has been fourteen Against this, thirty-five names have been withdrawn—six from death, twenty-two from resignation or removal from the district, and seven from non-payment of subscription for more than two consecutive years The net loss has thus been twenty-one, reducing the number on the roll from 356 to 335.

Among the members removed by death it is the painful duty of the Council to mention the names of Mr A E T Devore, for many years a consistent supporter of the society; of Mr W C C. Spencer, of Mr. A. Wiseman, and of Mr W. Coleman One member, Mr S. B Bowyer, has been killed in action in the Dardanelles while serving his King and country; and another, Dr T. C. Savage, died from sickness in Egypt while engaged in a similar capacity in the medical service of the Army At the present time no less than seventeen members of the Institute are serving in the Expeditionary Forces equipped and maintained by the Dominion.

Finance —Balance-sheets showing the financial position of the Institute are appended to this report, but it may be convenient to present a brief synopsis here. The total revenue credited to the Working Account, excluding the balance in hand at the beginning of the year, and also omitting for the present the particulars of a temporary advance made from the Investment Account to cover the cost of fitting up the new Foreign Ethnographical Hall, has been £1,483 17s 5d. The amount for the previous year was £1,530 17s 7d, so that there is a deficiency of £47 0s 2d Examining the separate items, it will be found that the members' subscriptions have reached £308 14s, against £322 7s obtained last year. The slight decrease in the membership already alluded to is sufficient explanation for this The receipts from the Museum endowment have been £550 16s. 10d, last year's amount being £537 14s. 5d. The invested funds of the Costley Bequest have realized £441 15s, against £480 15s. credited last year The difference is partly due to a temporary delay in the payment of two items of interest, and partly to the fact that one of the securities has been discharged, thus causing a loss of interest for a brief period The total expenditure has been £1,420 7s, but this does not

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include payments to the amount of £561 5s 4d on account of the expense of fitting up the new Foreign Ethnographical Hall, which have been met by means of an advance from the Investment Account The cash balance in hand at the present time amounts to £282.

The position of the invested funds of the society must be regarded as satisfactory. Such funds consist of those comprised under the headings Costley Bequest, Museum Endowment Account, Mackechnie Bequest, Campbell Bequest, and one or two minor divisions, and include all capital the annual income from which can alone be used for the purposes of the society The total of these funds has been materially increased during the year by the sale of some endowments, and now amounts to £21,457 18s 5d, almost the whole of which is invested in specially selected mortgages or Government debentures.

Meetings.—Eight meetings have been held during the year, at which eleven papers were read and discussed.

Museum.—The attendance of visitors has been satisfactory, showing a slight increase over the figures for last year.

Since the establishment of a Municipal Ait Gallery, and the association with it of the Mackelvie Gallery, it had become evident that the growth and management of art collections in Auckland would be most satisfactorily conducted by the City Council. Similarly, the great expansion in recent years of the Maori collections in the Museum clearly indicated the desirability of concentrating within the Museum all the ethnographical collections of the city It was therefore decided to advocate a proposal to place the Russell collection of statues in the Art Gallery, and the Grey Maori collection in the Museum. The matter was sympathetically received by the City Council, and it was decided that the Russell collection should be handed over to the city on deposit, and the Grey collection to the Museum, each body retaining the actual ownership of its articles, and preserving the right of withdrawal if circumstances should ever make such a course necessary At a later date the Council decided to grant a request by the City Council to deposit for exhibition in the Old Colonists' Museum a series of 127 pictures, drawings, photographs, historical documents, sets of old newspapers, &c, bearing on the early history of Auckland.

As soon as the removal of the statues placed the hall at the disposal of the Council it was decided to utilize it for the reception, in the first place, of the Grey Maori collection, which under the agreement with the City Council must be kept separate from the Maori collections belonging to the Museum, and, secondly, for the display of the fine series of foreign ethnographical articles in the possession of the Museum, a large proportion of which has never been exhibited Much care has been taken in designing the show-cases and other fittings required, and only the best material and the best workmanship has been admitted The total cost has been about £600, which amount has been temporarily borrowed from the invested funds of the society, with the understanding that it shall be returned in instalments as rapidly as possible, regular interest being payable on the sum outstanding.

Many additions of importance have been made to the Museum during the year In the zoological department a special group has been prepared illustrating the habits and mode of life of the North Island kiwi (Apteryx mantelli) It includes several excellent specimens of the adults of both sexes and of the young, together with the nest and eggs It represents a little glade in the Wartakerei Forest at the base of a large rata-tree, around which the kiwis are arranged Another conspicuous addition is a specimen of the round-snouted swordfish (Histiophiuherschelli), caught by Mr. Campbell off Cape Brett, and kindly presented by him to the Museum A painted plaster cast has been prepared of the well-known frost-fish (Lepidopus caudatus) based upon a remarkably fine specimen forwarded from Mercury Bay by Mr W Bonella Reference should also be made to a series of nineteen skins of Chatham Island birds, purchased from Mr. S Dannefaerd.

The most important accession to the Maori collections is the huge carved gateway, over 21 ft in height, of the ancient pa at Te Koutou, Lake Okataina, which has been purchased from the Maori owners So far as can be ascertained, it was carved prior to 1820, and thus may possibly be well over a hundred years of age It is known to have been standing at the time of Hongi's raid on the Rotorua district in 1824. It was observed when the first missionaries reached Rotorua a few years later, and a rough sketch of it is given in Terry's “New Zealand,” published in 1843 Other interesting additions are the stern-piece of an ancient war-canoe, dug up near the bottom of a deep drainage-canal on the Hauraki Plains and presented by Mr. G A Hodge, a bone manara, the figurehead of a small river-canoe, and various other articles donated by Mr G Graham, a carved

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burial-chest of unique type, an elaborately carved stern-post of a war-canoe, several ancient albatross-hooks, and other specimens purchased from various individuals.

In foreign ethnography, Dr Bucknill, of Tauranga, has presented a valuable and comprehensive series of seventy-nine selected specimens illustrating the development of English glassware from the time of the Roman occupancy to the eighteenth century Another donation of special value has been received from Mr. Henry Shaw, well known in Auckland by his previous benefactions both to the Institute and the Free Library It consists of a collection of 131 Japanese ivories, bronzes, and cloisonné work, and contains many examples of indisputable age and of much ethnographic and artistic excellence.

Among numerous other additions the following deserve special mention Mr. A F Ellis has contributed several specimens from Ocean Island, of the Gilbert and Ellice Protectorate, Mr. J L. Young has presented two stone carvings of considerable size from eastern Polynesia, Miss Morrisby has donated an excellent little series of thirty-three specimens from South Africa; Mrs. Reid, of Motutapu Island, has presented a Polynesian collection of over 250 specimens, as well as a large series of shells, and, finally, Mr. Cameron, the Resident at Aitutaki, has for warded two chiefs' carved seats, said to be the last remaining of that type on any of the islands in the Cook Group.

Library.—An expenditure of £141 3s 8d has been incurred on the library during the year. A consignment of ninety volumes was received in July. An order of rather larger size was dispatched during November last, but no advice has yet been received of its shipment. Various books and memoirs have been received in exchange, and several donations have been made by private individuals. Among the latter the Council have pleasure in mentioning Shelley's slendid monograph of the sun-birds, with 121 coloured plates, presented by Mr. H Shaw.

Election of Officers for 1916.—President—Hon. E Mitchelson; Vice-Presidents—C J. Parr, C.M.G, M.P, Professor H W. Segar; Council—Professor C. W Egerton, Mr. J Kenderdine, Mr. E V. Miller, Professor G Owen, Mr. T. Peacock, Mr D. Petrie, Mr J. A. Pond, Professor A. P W Thomas, Mr. J. H Upton, Professor F. P. Worley, Mr. H. E. Vaile, Trustees—Messrs T Peacock. J Reid, J H Upton; Auditor—Mr. S. Gray.