Go to National Library of New Zealand Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa
Volume 50, 1918

Memorandum For Authors Of Papers.


All papers must be typewritten, unless special permission to send in written papers has been granted by the Editor for the time being.


The author should read over and correct the copy before sending it to the Secretary of the society before which it was read.


A badly arranged or carelessly composed paper will be sent back to the author for amendment. It is not the duty of an editor to amend either bad arrangement or defective composition.


In regard to underlining of words, it is advisable, as a rule, to underline only specific or generic names, titles of books and periodicals, and foreign words.


In regard to specific names, the International Rules of Zoological Nomenclature and the International Rules for Botanical Nomenclature must be adhered to.


Titles of papers should give a clear indication of the scope of the paper, and such indefinite titles as, e.g., “Additions to the New Zealand Fauna” should be avoided.


Papers should be as concise as possible.


Photographs intended for reproduction should be the best procurable prints, unmounted and sent flat.


Line Drawings.—Drawings and diagrams may be executed in line or wash. If drawn in line—i.e., with pen and ink—the best results are to be obtained only from good, firm, black lines, using such an ink as Higgin's liquid India ink, or a freshly mixed Chinese ink of good quality, drawn on a smooth surface, such as Bristol board. Thin, scratchy, or faint lines must be avoided. Bold work, drawn to about twice the size (linear) of the plate, will give the best results. Tints or washes may not be used on line drawings, the object being to get the greatest contrast from a densely black line (which may be fine if required), drawn on a smooth, white surface.


Wash Drawings.—If drawing in wash is preferred, the washes should be made in such water-colour as lamp-black, ivory black, or India ink. These reproduce better than neutral tint, which inclines too much to blue in its light tones. High lights are better left free from colour, although they may be stopped out with Chinese white. As in line drawings, a fine surface should be used (the grain of most drawing-papers reproduces in the print with bad effect), and well-modelled contrasted work will give satisfactory results.


Size of Drawings.—The printed plate will not exceed 7 ¼in. by 4 ½ in., and drawings for plates may be to this size, or preferably a multiple thereof, maintaining the same proportion of height to width of plate. When a number of drawings are to appear on one plate they should be neatly arranged, and if numbered or lettered in soft pencil the printer will mark them permanently before reproduction. In plates of wash

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drawings, all the subjects comprising one plate should be grouped on the same sheet of paper or cardboard, as any joining-up shows in the print. Text figures should be drawn for reduction to a width not exceeding 4 ½ in. If there are a number of small text figures they should be drawn all for the same reduction, so that they may be arranged in groups.


Maps.—A small outline map of New Zealand will shortly be obtainable at a low price from the Lands and Survey Department, Wellington, upon which details of distribution, & c., can be filled in according to the instructions given above for line drawings.


Citation.—References may be placed in a list at the end of an article or arranged as footnotes. The former method is preferable in long papers. In the list references are best arranged alphabetically, reference in the text being made by writing after the author's name, as it occurs the year of publication of the work, adding, if necessary, a page number and enclosing these in parentheses, thus: “Benham (1915, p. 176).′ Example of forms of citation for alphabetical list:—

Benham, W. B., 1915. Oligochaeta from the Kermadec Islands, Trans. N.E. Inst., vol. 47, pp. 174–85.

Park, J., 1910. The Geology of New Zealand, Christchurch, Whitcombe and Tombs.

When references are not in alphabetical order the initials of the author should precede the surname, and the year of publication should be placed at the end.


In accordance with a resolution of the Board of Governors, authors are warned that previous publication of a paper may militate against its acceptance for the Transactions.


In ordinary cases twenty-five copies of each paper are supplied gratis to the author, and in cases approved of by the Publication Committee fifty copies may be supplied without charge. Additional copies may be obtained at cost price.