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Volume 52, 1920
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Art. XXIX.—Notes on the Indigenous Vegetation of Ben Lomond, with a List of Species.

[Read before the Otago Institute, 14th October, 1919; received by Editor, 24th October 1919; issued separately, 23rd June, 1920.]

Ben Lomond is so well known as one of the side trips from Queenstown as not to require any further definition. It has, naturally, been visited by many botanists, but so far no list of its species has been published. I therefore propose to publish such a list, which is of interest both from the point of view of plant-geography and on account of the district being so frequently visited by tourists. The attached list has been compiled from notes taken on many visits to the locality. While it does not profess to be exhaustive, it contains, I think, most of the plants, and should form the basis of a list which can be completed by additions in the future. The list contains 164 species, spread over 92 genera, and belonging to 49 families.

List of Indigenous Species.
Pteridophyta.
Hymenophyllaceae.

  • Hymenophyllum tunbridgense (L.) Sm. (?). Rocky faces over creeks.

Polypodiaceae.

  • Dryopteris punctata (Thunb.) C. Ch. Not common.

  • Polystichum vestitum (Forst. f.) Presl. Not plentiful.

  • Asplenium bulbiferum Forst. f. Rare.

  • —— flabellifolium Cav. In shade of rock, 1 mile.

  • —— Richardi Hook. f. (?). Very rare.

  • —— flaccidum Forst. f. On trees, & c.

  • —— Hookerianum Col. In rocky situation; not common.

  • —— trichomanes L. Rare; base of hill.

  • Blechnum penna marinum (Poir.) Kuhn. Not uncommon.

  • —— capense (L.) Schlecht. Dry banks of creeks.

  • —— fluviatile (R. Br.) Lowe. Reservoir creek.

  • —— lanceolatum (R. Br.) Sturm. Creek-banks.

  • —— vulcanicum Christ. Rocky faces, in shade.

  • Adiantum diaphanum Blume. Shaded rock-faces, 2 miles.

  • Hypolepis tenuifolia (Forst. f.) Bernh. Open faces near forest.

  • Pteridium esculentum (Forst. f.) Common throughout.

  • Paesia scaberula (A. Rich.) Kuhn. On mountain-side.

  • Polypodium Billardieri (Willd.) C. Chr. Tree-trunks in forest.

  • —— diversifolium Willd. Common in forest.

  • Cystopteris fragilis Bernh. Rocky crevices, & c.

  • Pellaea rotundifolia Hook. Base of hill near Queenstown.

Lycopodiaceae.

  • Lycopodium Billardieri Spring. At 1 mile.

  • —— fastigiatum R. Br. Dry heath.

  • —— ramulosum T. Kirk. Heath, & c.

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Spermophyta.
Taxaceae.

  • Phyllocladus alpinus Hook. f. On forest-margin at 2,400 ft.

  • Dacrydium Bidwillii Hook. f. Creek-bank at 4,400 ft.

  • Podocarpus nivalis Hook. Mountain-side at 2,500 ft.

Gramineae.

  • Danthonia flavescens Hook. f. Steppe; common.

  • —— Raoulii Steud. Steppe; common.

  • —— crassiuscula T. Kirk. Steppe; common.

  • Poa caespitosa Forst. f. Not common in steppe.

  • —— Colensoi Hook. f. Not common in steppe.

  • —— intermedia (Hook. f.) Cheesem. Not common in steppe.

  • Festuca rubra L. Not common in steppe

Cyperaceae.

  • Carex lucida Boott. About 2,700 ft.

  • —— ternaria Forst. f. About 2,700 ft.

Juncaceae.

  • Juncus polyanthemos Buchen. Damp places.

  • Luzula campestris DC. Mountain meadow, 2,400 ft.

Liliaceae.

  • Cordyline australis (Forst. f.) Hook. Not plentiful.

  • Astelia nervosa Banks & Sol. Not abundant.

  • —— montana (T. Kirk) Cockayne. At 2,750 ft.; not abundant.

  • Phormium Cookianum Le Jolis. 3,400 ft., at edge of forest.

Orchdaceae.

  • Corysanthes macrantha Hook. f. Creek-banks.

  • Gastrodia Cunninghami, Hook. f. Rare.

Fagaceae.

  • Nothofagus fusca Oerst. Common at low levels.

  • —— Menziesii Oerst. Not very plentiful.

  • —— Solanderi Oerst. Abundant.

  • —— cliffortioides Oerst. Abundant.

  • —— Blairii (Oerst.) T. Kirk. Near lake-side.

  • —— apiculata Col. Near 1 mile.

Urticaeae.

  • Urtica incisa Poir. In forest.

Loranthaceae.

  • Loranthus micranthus Hook. f. On Coprosma.

Polygonaceae.

  • Rumex flexuosus Sol. Not common.

  • Muehlenbeckia complexa (A. Cunn.) Meissn. Forest-margin.

  • —— axillaris Walp. Gravelly creek-banks, & c.

Portulacaceae.

  • Claytonia australasica Hook. f. Not uncommon.

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Caryophyllaceae.

  • Stellaria parviflora Banks & Sol. Not uncommon.

  • Hectorella caespitosa Hook. f. Mountain-side.

Ranunculaceae.

  • Ranunculus hirtus Banks & Sol. Damp places.

  • —— lappaceus Sm. Common.

  • —— multiscapus Cockayne. Fairly common.

Cruciferae.

  • Cardamine heterophylla (Forst. f.) O. E. Schultz. Creek-banks.

Saxifragaceae.

  • Carpodetus serratus Forst. Fairly common.

Pittosporaceae.

  • Pittosporum tenuifolium Banks & Sol. Lake-side.

Rosaceae.

  • Rubus australis Forst. f. Common.

  • —— subpauperatus Cockayne. Dry places.

  • Geum parviflorum Sm. Tolerably common.

  • —— leiospermum Petrie. Not uncommon.

  • —— pusillum Petrie. Not uncommon.

  • Acaena Sanguisorbae Vahl. Common.

  • —— var. pilosa T. Kirk. Common.

  • —— novae-zelandiae T. Kirk. Common.

  • —— microphylla Hook. f. Abundant.

Geraniaceae.

  • Geranium sessiliflorum Cav. Common in meadow.

  • —— microphyllum Hook. f. Common.

Coriariaceae.

  • Coriaria ruscifolia L. Common on lake-side, & c.

  • —— angustissima Hook. f. At 2,500 ft.

Leguminosae.

  • Sophora microphylla J. Mull. Lake-side.

Elaeocarpaceae.

  • Aristotelia racemosa (A. Cunn.) Hook. f. Near lake-side.

  • —— var. with red berries. Rare.

Rhamnaceae.

  • Discaria toumatou Raoul. Dry places near lake.

Malvaceae.

  • Gaya Lyallii J. E. Baker. In reservoir creek.

Violaceae.

  • Viola Cunninghamii Hook. f. Common in damp places.

  • —— filicaulis Hook. f. Not uncommon.

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Thymeleaceae.

  • Pimelea prostrata Willd. Fairly common.

  • Drapetes Dieffenbachii Hook. f. Common.

  • —— Lyallii Hook. f. More rare than D. Diffenbachii.

Myrtaceae.

  • Leptospermum scoparium Forst. Common.

  • Metrosideros lucida (Forst. f.) A. Rich. Rare on lake-side.

Onagraceae.

  • Epilobium Hectori Haussk. Common on tracks, & c.

  • —— linnaeoides Hook. f. Damp places.

  • —— pictum Petrie. Common.

  • Fuchsia excorticata L. f. Damp forest.

  • —— Colensoi Hook. f. Not uncommon.

Araliaceae.

  • Nothopanax Colensoi (Hook. f.) Seem. In damp forest.

  • Pseudopanax crassifolium (Sol.) C. Koch. Not plentiful.

Umbelliferae.

  • Hydrocotyle novae-zealandiae DC. Damp places.

  • Aciphylla Colensoi Hook. f. Above 3,000 ft.

  • —— pinnatifida Petrie. Rare; in boggy places at 4,400 ft.

  • Angelica decipiens Hook. f. In alpine meadow.

  • Anisotome imbricatum Hook. f. High elevation only.

Cornaceae.

  • Griselinia littoralis (Raoul). Lake-side.

  • Corokia Cotoneaster Raoul. Forest-margin.

Ericaceae.

  • Gaultheria antipoda Forst. f. var. erecta Cheesem. Dry banks.

  • —— depressa Hook. f. Abundant.

  • —— rupestris R. Br. Common.

Epacridaceae.

  • Pentachondra pumila (Forst. f.) R. Br. Not abundant.

  • Styphelia Fraseri (A. Cunn.) F. Muell. Abundant.

  • —— acerosa Sol. Plentiful near lake.

  • Dracophyllum rosemarinifolium R. Br. Abundant.

  • —— prostratum T. Kirk. Common near summit.

  • —— muscoides Hook. Not uncommon.

Myrsinaceae.

  • Rapanea Urvillei (A. DC.) Mez. Rare in forest.

Gentianaceae.

  • Gentiana corymbifera T. Kirk. Common.

  • —— bellidifolia Hook. f. Not uncommon.

Boraginaceae.

  • Myosotis Goyeni Petrie. Rocks near Queenstown.

Labiatae.

  • Mentha Cunninghamii Benth. Creek-banks, & c.

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Scrophulariaceae.
  • Veronica salicifolia Forst. f. Lake-side and creek-banks.

  • —— Bidwillii Hook. Dry creek-banks; plentiful.

  • —— Lyallii Hook. f. Near creek; common.

  • —— buxifolia Benth. At 2,400 ft.

  • —— Hectori Hook. f. At 4,350 ft.

  • Ourisia caespitosa Hook. f. Damp creek-bank.

  • Euphrasia zelandica Wettst. Wet places near creek.

Rubiaceae.
  • Coprosma linariifolia Hook. f. Not common.

  • —— propinqua A. Cunn. Creek-banks.

  • —— lucida Forst. Reservoir creek.

  • —— rigida Cheesem. Ben Lomond Gully.

  • —— crassifolia Col. Creek-bank, & c.

  • —— repens Hook. f. Alpine meadow.

  • Nertera depressa Banks & Sol. Damp places at 4,400 ft.

  • Galium umbrosum Sol. Alpine meadow.

Campanulaceae.
  • Pratia angulata (Forst. f.) Hook. f. Tolerably common.

  • Wahlenbergia albomarginata Hook. Abundant.

  • —— gracilis (Forst. f.) A. DC. Comparatively rare.

  • Lobelia linnaeoides Petrie. Somewhat rare.

Stylidaceae.
  • Phyllachne Colensoi (Hook. f.) Berggr. In bogs; rare.

  • Forstera sedifolia L. f. Tolerably plentiful.

  • —— Bidwillii Hook. f. At 2,500

Compositae.
  • Lagenophora petiolata Hook. f. Not very common.

  • Brachycome Sinclairii Hook. f. In subalpine meadow.

  • Olearia arborescens (Forst. f.) Cockayne and Laing. Common in forest.

  • —— avicenniaefolia Hook. f. Near lake-side.

  • —— moschata Hook. f. At 2,750 ft.

  • —— Haastii Hook. f. Near creek at 4,000 ft. elevation.

  • Celmisia Lyallii Hook. f. From 4,300 ft. upwards.

  • —— discolor Hook. f. Rocky cliff protected from stock.

  • —— laricifolia Hook. f. Damp ground above 4,000 ft.

  • —— Walkeri T. Kirk. Above 4,000 ft.

  • Gnaphalium trinerve Forst. f. Not common.

  • —— Traversii Hook. f. Damp places.

  • Raoulia australis Hook. f. Common.

  • —— glabra Hook. f. Common.

  • —— Parkii Buch. Comparatively rare.

  • Helichrysum bellidioides (Forst.) Willd. Common.

  • —— filicaule Hook. f. Fairly abundant.

  • —— glomeratum Benth. & Hook. Dry places near lake.

  • Cassinia Vauvilliersii Hook. f. Fairly abundant.

  • Craspedia uniflora Forst. f. Not plentiful.

  • Senecio Lyallii Hook. f. Creek-banks.

  • —— bellidioides Hook. f. Creek-banks.

  • —— southlandicus Cockayne (?). Not plentiful.

  • —— revolutus T. Kirk. Common.