At the annual meeting (1st December, 1920) the annual report and balance-sheet were adopted.
Council.—Eleven meetings of the Council have been held during the year. The personnel remains the same as at last election.
Membership.—During the year twenty-one new members were elected and seventeen names were removed from the roll, which now stands at 234, as against 230 at the beginning of the session.
Obituary.—It is with regret that the Council records the death of six of our members during the year—namely, J. B. Struthers, P. Schneider, A. Kaye, G. E. Blanch, E. Herring, and Miss Hall; and the sympathy of the Institute is extended to the relatives. The Council further desires to record its sense of the loss sustained by the New Zealand Institute in the death of Mr. George Hogben, the well-known Dominion seismologist. Mr. Hogben was President of the Philosophical Institute of Canterbury in 1887.
Meetings of the Institute.—During the year eight ordinary and two additional ordinary meetings were held at Canterbury College, and in addition meetings were held at Kaiapoi and Methven. Towards the end of January Dr. R. J. Tillyard, Macleay Research Fellow of Sydney (since appointed entomologist to the Cawthron Institute), gave an illustrated lecture on “Dragon-flies.” In April a social evening was held, at which, through the kind permission of the Board of Governors of Canterbury College, the Physics, Chemistry, and Biological Laboratories were thrown open to members and their friends. To the professors in charge, who had kindly arranged demonstrations and exhibits, the best thanks of the Institute are due.
At the May meeting Mr. L. P. Symes delivered his presidential address on the subject, “Fats, Edible and Otherwise.” Other lectures delivered were: Dr. T. A. Jaggar, of the Volcano Observatory at Hawaii, “The Study of Active Volcanoes”; Dr. C. C. Farr, “Relativity and the Einstein Hypothesis”; Professor E. Marsden, “Gun-location on the Western Front”; Dr. C. Chilton, “The First Pan-Pacific Science Conference.”
Fifteen technical papers were also read during the session, comprising six botanical, four zoological, three geological, and two chemical.
The attendances throughout the year have been most gratifying.
Following the practice instituted last year, the Council arranged a number of meetings at places out of Christchurch, and this year they were held at Methven and Kaiapoi, where the following addresses were given: At Methven—G. Archey, “Mosquitoes and Man”; L. J. Wild, “Science in the Development of Agriculture.” At Kaiapoi—L. P. Symes, “Edible Fats”; Dr. F. W. Hilgendorf, “The Waimakariri Artesian System.” The attendances at these lectures was most encouraging, and the appreciative interest taken in the matters dealt with fully warrants the continuance and development of the policy of holding meetings outside Christchurch.
Government Research Grants.—On the recommendation of this Institute a grant of £200 was made to Dr. W. P. Evans for “Research on the New Zealand Brown Coals,” and one of £50 to Mr. George Gray for research on the “Composition of Canterbury Waters.” Other research grants, covering operations that are still proceeding, which the Institute has been instrumental in obtaining, are: L. J. Wild, “Soil Survey”; R. Speight, “Geological Survey of the Malvern Hills”; Dr. C. C. Farr, “Porosity of Porcelain”; G. Brittan, “Fruit-tree Diseases”; W. Morrison, “Afforestation on the Spenser Ranges”; Dr. C. Chilton, “Investigations on the New Zealand Flax (Phormium).”
Library.—The extended accommodation indicated in last year's report is not yet available, but it is hoped that as soon as building conditions become more favourable the contemplated extensions to the Public Library will be completed. The need for more space has become so acute that arrangements have been made to remove some of the older and less-used books from the shelves and store them in cases, in order to make room for the later journals and periodicals as they are bound. Beyond these journals, very few books have this year been added, owing partly to the lack of room and partly to the high cost. Altogether, thirty-one volumes have been bound, and twenty-nine
more await binding. It is hoped shortly to form a Pacific Section of the library, on the lines of the Antarctic Section already existing. Several of the publications are already available, and steps are being taken for opening up exchanges with other scientific institutions whose researches bear on the Pacific. The following donations of books and periodicals have been received by the honorary librarian: Dr. Chilton—Shackleton's South and Davis's Voyage of the “Aurora”; Mr. English—Journal of the Chemical Society; Mr. L. P. Symes—Journal of the American Chemical Society.
Riccarton Bush.—The Institute's representative on the board of trustees of Riccarton Bush reports that the bush has been open to the public as usual during the year, that improvements have been made as far as funds permitted, and that the bush is in a very satisfactory condition. As stated in last year's report, the funds are insufficient to effect any extensive improvements, and the Council commends this object to members as worthy of their hearty support.
Pan-Pacific Scientific Conference.—The Institute was represented at the Pan-Pacific Scientific Conference at Honolulu in August, 1920, by Dr. Charles Chilton, who reports that the Conference was successful even beyond the ardent expectations of its promoters. It was attended by over a hundred representatives from all the countries surrounding the Pacific, all of them, either from their own official position or from their researches, being specially qualified to deal with the scientific problems presented by the Pacific. The meetings were held in the Throne-room of the Capitol of Honolulu, the morning meetings being occupied with general questions of interest to all the members, and the afternoon meetings being devoted to the consideration of the more special matters by the different sections of Anthropology, Biology, Botany, Entomology, Geography, Geology, Seismology, and Volcanology.
Dr. Gregory, Professor of Geology at Yale University and Director of the Bishop Museum, was elected chairman of the Conference, and Dr. A. L. Dean, President of the University of Hawaii, vice-chairman and secretary. Dr. Chilton was elected leader of the Biology Section. Many matters dealing with the Pacific were discussed, and much information received concerning the marine laboratories and other institutions around the Pacific. The Samoan Geophysical Observatory, referred to later in this report, was mentioned, and the hope expressed that a Director would speedily be appointed to continue the important work already done.
The second week of the Conference was spent in a visit to the active volcano of Kilauea, the meetings of the section of Seismology and Volcanology being continued at the volcano. The third week was mainly devoted to drawing up statements of the principal problems in connection with the Pacific that require most urgent attention, and in endeavouring to arrange for the co-operation of the different Governments and institutions for the carrying-out of the work. It is hoped that the resolutions passed, together with the proceedings of the meetings, will be issued shortly, while a second part of the proceedings, containing papers read before the Conference, will be published at a later date. Many of the subjects, especially those referring to the volcanological research and matters connected with the Cook and Samoan Islands, are of peculiar interest to New Zealand, and it is hoped that members of the Institute will be able to assist in the work which has been outlined. The Institute is grateful for the hospitality so liberally extended by the residents of Honolulu to the delegates to the Conference.
Artesian Wells.—An Artesian Wells Committee has been set up to carry on and extend the work which was done by the committee of some years ago. It is proposed to review the earlier work and records, and to make further investigations, including systematic observations of water-level, a number of automatic recorders now being available for this purpose.
Samoan Geophysical Observatory.—Last year the Council reported having made representations to the Hon. Minister of Marine urging the continuation of the observations of the Samoan Geophysical Observatory. A committee set up by the New Zealand Institute conferred with the Government in reference to the future conduct of the Observatory, and has made recommendations by which it is hoped this important observatory will be put on an Imperial footing. It is hoped that a Director will soon be appointed. Mr. Westland has been appointed first scientific assistant, and will shortly take up his new duties.
Hutton Memorial Medal.—The Hutton Memorial Medal, which was awarded by the Board of Governors to Dr. Holloway, a member of this Institute, for researches in botany, was, in the unavoidable absence of the President of the New Zealand Institute, presented to Dr. Holloway by Dr. Chilton at the June meeting.
Butler's House.—In February a deputation of the Council waited on the Hon. W. Nosworthy in reference to the preservation of Butler's house and Sinclair's grave, situated on his property at Mesopotamia. Though he could not see his way to transfer these two sites to the Institute, Mr. Nosworthy sympathetically undertook to mark the
site of Sinclair's grave and personally to guarantee the preservation of Butler's house. Mr. Nosworthy has since supplied the Institute with photographs of Butler's house, and these are now being framed and will be preserved in the Institute's rooms. To Mr. Nosworthy the Institute extends its sincere thanks for the interest he has taken in this matter.
Finance.—The balance-sheet shows the total receipts, including a balance from the previous year, to be £420 6s. 9d. £35 19s. 7d. has been expended on the library, the amount being smaller than usual, as the yearly account for scientific journals and periodicals has not been received, owing to abnormal conditions resulting from the war. The levy to the New Zealand Institute of £30 2s. 6d. has also been paid, leaving a credit balance on the ordinary account of £110 11s. 9d., and of £142 16s. 3d. in the Research Fund Account. The Life Members' Subscription Account now stands at £175 16s. 9d., deposited with the Permanent Investment and Loan Association of Canterbury.
Election of Officers for 1921.—President—A. M. Wright, A.I.C., F.C.S Vice-Presidents—L. P. Symes; L. J. Wild, M.A., B.Sc., F.G.S. Council—Professor A Wall, M.A.; C. Coleridge Farr, D.Sc, F.P.S.L., F.N.Z.Inst.; W. Martin, B.Sc.; F. W. Hilgendorf, M.A., D.Sc.; Dr. F. J. Borrie; C. E. Foweraker, M.A. Representatives on the Board of Governors of the New Zealand Institute—F. W. Hilgendorf, M.A., D.Sc.; A. M. Wright, A.I.C, F.C.S. Representative on the Board of Trustees of the Riccarton Bush—Charles Chilton, D.Sc, M.A., LL.D., F.N.Z.Inst., F.L.S. Hon. Secretary—G. E. Archey, M.A. Hon. Treasurer—Charles Chilton, D.Sc, M.A., LL.D, F.N.Z.Inst., F.L.S. Hon Librarian—Miss E. M Herriott. Hon. Auditor—J. O. Jameson.