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Volume 54, 1923
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Algal Communities.

1897. Kuckuck, P., Beitraege zur Kenntniss der Meeresalgen Wissensch., Meeresuntersuchungen, N. F. Bd. 2.

1898. Schimper, A. F. W., Plant Geography upon a Physiological Basis. English edition; Oxford, 1903.

1909. Warming, E., and Vahl, M., Oecology of Plants. English translation; Oxford.

1912. Cotton, A. D., Clare Island Survey, Part 15, Marine Algae, Proc. Roy. Irish Academy, vol. 31. 178 pp.

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Fig. 1.—Tunicate (Cynthia) formation, low-tide belt, Auckland Harbour.

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Fig. 2.—Long Beach, Bay of Islands. Under-side of stones in rock-pool at low-water mark. The tunicates are Corella sp. on the right and Styela caerulea on the left.

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Fig. 1.—Animal and plant formations between tide-marks, Takapuna. Above, Chamaesipho columna; centre, Ostrea cucullata, below, Corallina Hormosira.

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Fig. 2.—Vermilia carinifera on reef in Auckland Harbour.

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Fig. 1.—Amphidesma subtrianguiata exposed on sandy beach between tides. Mount Maunganui, Tauranga.

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Fig. 2.—Amphibola crenata on [ unclear: ] intertidal mud-flats, Lyttelton Harbour

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Interior of mangrove forest, Mahurangi River.

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1912. Johnson, D. S., and York, H. H., The Relations of Plants to Tide-levels, Johns Hopkins Univ. Cir. 6 pp.

1912. Jonsson, H., The Marine Algal Vegetation of Iceland. Copenhagen. 186 pp.

1913. Davis, B. M., A Biological Survey of the Waters of Woods Hole and Vicinity, Part 1, Sec. 2—Botanical, Bull. U.S. Bureau Fish., vol. 31, p. 443.

1913. Transeau, E. N., The Vegetation of Cold Spring Harbour, Long Island, I, The Littoral Successions, Plant World, vol. 16, pp. 189–209.

1918. MacCaughey, V., Algae of the Hawaiian Archipelago, Botanical Gazette, vol. 65, pp. 42–57, 121–49.

1921. Cockayne, L., The Vegetation of New Zealand, pp. 63–67. Leipzig.