Go to National Library of New Zealand Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa
Volume 56, 1926
This text is also available in PDF
(1 MB) Opens in new window
– 387 –

New Zealand Lepidoptera : Notes and Descriptions.

[Read before the Nelson Institute, 14th November, 1924, received by Editor; 18th November, 1924; issued separately, 31st March, 1926]


Ichneutica lindsayi n. sp.

♂. 43 mm. Head, palpi, and thorax bright brown. Antennae—stalk ochreous-white, pectinations brown, slightly longer than those of I. dione Huds. Abdomen and legs dull brown. Forewings—costa almost straight, apex subacute, termen straight, oblique, rounded beneath; brown, densely mixed with ochreous; veins strongly marked with blackish-fuscous; a broad fawn-coloured stripe beneath costa from base to reniform with which it coalesces; above this stripe and for some distance beyond its apex is a considerable irroration of whitish; a streak of the same colour, margined with blackish fuscous beneath this, apically obtuse, directed obliquely towards tornus and reaching nearly to ½; dorsum narrowly fawn-coloured : fringes pale fawn. Hindwings fuscous-grey : fringes pale fawn.

In one specimen basal portion of costal stripe is obsolete, and in this example there is also a faint very oblique subterminal line.

A very handsome and distinct species. I have named it in honour of Mr. S. Lindsay, to whose kindness I am indebted for the opportunity of describing this and several other new forms recently discovered by him.

Hunter Mountains (near Lake Manapouri), in January. Several examples taken by Messrs. S. Lindsay and C. E. Clarke. Holotype (♂) in coll. S. Lindsay.

Aletia parmata n. sp.

♀. 32 mm. Head and thorax grey. Palpi grey, terminal segment rather long, thin, blunt-pointed. Antennae brown, grey basally. Abdomen brownish-grey. Legs grey mixed with brown, tarsi narrowly annulated with white. Forewings moderate, costa almost straight, apex subacute, termen straight, oblique, slightly sinuate on lower third; grey, rather darker between stigmata; veins obscurely and interruptedly marked with black; orbicular large, round, whitish, incompletely black-margined; claviform indicated by black margin only; reniform broad, whitish, interruptedly black-margined; some obscure dark-brown spots on costa between ⅓ and apex; a series of indistinct black dots round termen : fringes brown mixed with white. Hindwings greyish-fuscous: fringes whitish-grey.

Differs from A. longstaffi (Howes) in the shorter labial palps, and from A. obsecrata Meyr. in the lighter colouring.

Mount Grey, Canterbury, in February. Another of Mr. Lindsay's captures. Holotype (♀) in the discoverer's collection. What appears to be the male of the species was captured in the same locality but at a higher elevation; as, however, it is not in very good condition I have not made it the allotype. The colour of this specimen is darker, and stigmata are almost obsolete; antennae are clothed beneath with extremely short ciliations, about ¼.

– 388 –

Ophiusa melicerte Drury, Ill. Exot. Ins., vol. 1, p. 46, pl. 23, fig. 1.

The first known occurrence of this Australian moth in New Zealand was in the autumn of 1870, when one was captured by Mr. W. T. L. Travers in his greenhouse at Wellington. In 1877 Mr. R. Fereday described this specimen as a new species under the name of Catocala traversii (Trans. N.Z. Inst., vol. 9, p. 457). In 1904 several were taken, and others seen, at Titahi Bay, Wellington, by Mr. C. O'Connor. This was in March; and in the same year Mr. G. V. Hudson recorded a single specimen from Motueka, Nelson, taken in February or March. Waitomo and Orepuki are mentioned by Mr. G. M. Thomson (Naturalization of Animals and Plants in New Zealand, p. 303) as localities for other captures, but I have not been able to secure definite particulars of these. I have now to record the occurrence of the species in Nelson, a worn example having been picked up in the street by some boys on the 27th March of this year and brought to the Cawthron Institute. It will be noticed that all the occurrences have been in autumn. In view of the very erratic nature of the records, it seems unlikely that the species is established in New Zealand; occasional accidentally introduced specimens would with more probability account for the facts. The comparative abundance of the species near Wellington in 1904 may have been the result of a single batch of eggs, the resultant moths or their progeny failing to survive the following winter.

Ophideres materna (L.), Syst. Nat., ed. 10, vol. 1, p. 2, pl. 40.

A very fine specimen of this handsome Australian moth was taken by Mrs. T. W. Taylor, of Nelson, on the 10th April, 1924. It was attracted to a lighted window, and was in such perfect condition that it could have emerged from the pupa only a short time before. Its captor generously presented it to the Cawthron Institute. Mr. Hudson has recorded a specimen taken by Mr. Cook at Makara, near Wellington, in May, 1906; Mr. W. G. Howes took one at Dunedin in March, 1907; and I learn from Mr. Hudson that a third was secured at Akaroa Lighthouse in October, 1917. These are all the known occurrences. The caterpillar feeds on bananas, a habit probably accounting for the occasional appearance of the moth in this country.


Chloroclystis fumipalpata (Feld.), Reise der Nov., pl. 31, fig. 33.

Chloroclystis maculata Huds., N.Z. Moths and Butterflies, p. 44, pl. 6, fig. 18, 1898.

Mr. Hudson concurs in the above correction.

Xanthorhoe dissimilis (Philp.).

Venusia dissimilis Philp., Trans. N.Z. Inst., vol. 46, p. 118, 1914.

I take this opportunity of making the above generic correction.

Xanthorhoe praefectata (Walk.), Cat., 781. (Fig. 1.)]

Dr. A. Jefferis Turner has pointed out to me that in this species the characters of the mouth-parts and head are similar to those of Venusia; in his opinion the species ought to be removed to that genus. Dr. Turner's observation is quite correct; and as far as the characters in question are concerned there could be no objection to praefectata being placed under

– 389 –

Venusia. The areole, however, is double, while the simple areole is an essential character of that genus. It appears to the writer that a new genus is required for the reception of X. praefectata, such genus including

Picture icon

Fig. 1.—Xanthorhoe praefectata (Walk.) : lateral view of head.
Fig. 2.—Xanthorhoe aegrota (Butl.) : lateral view of head.

also X. chlorias Meyr. and X. pseudostinaria Huds., these species having exactly similar characters to those of praefectata. Figures of the head of X. praefectata (Walk.) and X. aegrota (Butl.) are given to illustrate the difference of the parts.


Selidosema fluminea n. sp.

♂ ♀. 34–38 mm. Head brownish-ochreous. Palpi brown. Antennae strongly bipectinated, five or six apical segments simple, stalk ochreous, pectinations fuscous. Thorax greyish-fuscous. Abdomen ochreous, slightly mixed with brown. Legs ochreous, sprinkled with fuscous, and with tibiae and tarsi broadly annulated with dark fuscous. Forewings triangular, costa moderately and evenly arched, apex obtuse, termen rounded, oblique; dark brownish-fuscous, olive-tinted and strigulated with ochreous; first line from ¼ costa to ⅓ dorsum, prominent, curved or obtusely angulated at middle, white; posterior to the lower half of this line is a large ochreous patch, sometimes extending across to second line; second line forming a broad hardly-curved white band, more or less tinted, except on inner edge, with ochreous, and with some fuscous strigulation, inner edge very irregular, outer edge entire; subterminal line thin, irregularly dentate, more or less interrupted at middle, white; a series of linear black dots round termen: fringes ochreous mixed with fuscous. Hindwings whitish-ochreous faintly sprinkled with fuscous and with a fuscous discal dot; an interrupted blackish line round termen : fringes pale ochreous.

Structurally separated from S. leucelaea Meyr. by the much longer antennal pectinations, which are not quite so long as those of S. productata (Walk.).

Flora River, on the track to Mount Arthur Tableland. Mr. S. Lindsay and the writer found the males of this handsome species plentiful at the blossom of Olearia and Gaya in January. The elevation would be about 3,250 ft. Only one female was secured; this sex agrees well with the

– 390 –

male, but is less fuscous and has a narrower second line. Holotype (♂) and a series of paratypes in coll. Cawthron Institute; allotype (♀) in coll. S. Lindsay.


Orocrambus caesius n. sp.

♂ ♀. 25–27 mm. Head, palpi, and thorax fuscous-black densely sprinkled with white and pale ochreous; a small golden spot at bases of maxillary palpi above. Antennae greyish-fuscous. Abdomen dark fuscous densely mixed with ochreous-white. Legs whitish-ochreous, slightly infuscated, and tarsi annulated with fuscous. Forewings moderate, suboblong, costa almost straight, subsinuate at middle, apex rectangular, termen not oblique, rounded beneath; fuscous-black densely irrorated with white; on obscure blackish basal line; first line at ¼, whitish, margined posteriorly with blackish, strongly indented at middle; orbicular obscure, taking the form of a black dot or a black ring filled with whitish; claviform obsolete; reniform 8-shaped, wholly blackish-or whitish-centred; second line at ¾, obscure, irregular, whitish, anteriorly blackish-margined, more prominent in female; a very obscure whitish subterminal shade touching second line above middle: fringes ochreous mixed with fuscous and with a dark-fuscous basal line. Hindwings shining fuscous: fringes ochreous with a fuscous basal line.

Superficially somewhat like Tauroscopa glaucophanes Meyr.

Gordon's Pyramid (5,000 ft.) and Mount Arthur Tableland (4,500 ft.), in January. Two of each sex taken. Holotype (♂), allotype (♀), and one paratype in coll. Cawthron Institute.

Crambus scitulus n. sp.

♂. 33mm. Head white. anterior median portion brown, collar dark bronzy-brown except median white stripe. Palpi moderate, brown, white above and at base beneath. Antennae dark fuscous, basal segment white except on broad internal area. Thorax dark bronzy-brown with broad median white stripe. Abdomen ochreous-white. Legs whitish-ochreous, median pair somewhat infuscated and anterior tibiae and tarsi wholly bronzy-brown. Forewings rather broad, hardly dilated posteriorly, costa almost straight, snbsinuate at middle, apex obtuse, termen rounded, oblique; dark bronzy-brown, becoming paler towards apical area; a thin subcostal white line from base to beyond middle; a suffused whitish area beneath costa at ¾; a prominent median white stripe from base to termen, slightly sinuate at middle and somewhat arched on posterior ⅓; a whitish streak beneath first cubitus; dorsum rather broadly white but extreme edge from about ¼ brown; veins on terminal area irregularly marked with black: fringes brown, obscurely barred with white. Hindwings shining ochreous-whitish tinged with brown: fringes ochreous-whitish.

Somewhat resembling C. callirrhous Meyr.

Mount Arthur, in January. One of Mr. S. Lindsay's discoveries; he secured a single male at an elevation of about 4,000 ft. Holotype (♂) in coll. S. Lindsay.

Crambus vulgaris Butl., Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. (1877), p. 400, pl. 43, fig. 7.

Crambus tuhualis Meyr. (nec Felder), Trans. N.Z. Inst., vol. 15, p. 28, 1883.

– 391 –

Crambus tuhualis Feld., Reise der Nov., Lepidoptera, pl. 137, fig. 18, 1875.

Crambus thrincodes Meyr., Trans. N.Z. Inst., vol. 43, p. 61, 1911.

A recent study of Felder's plates has resulted in the above corrections, in which Mr. Meyrick agrees.


Scoparia cinefacta n. sp.

♂ ♀. 19–20 mm. Head grey mixed with brown. Thorax pale bluishgrey. Palpi moderate, grey above, laterally brown, at base beneath whitish. Antennae fuscous, minutely ciliated. Abdomen grey mixed with ochreous. Legs fuscous-grey. Forewings moderate, costa almost straight, subsinuate at middle, apex obtuse, termen hardly oblique, rounded beneath; pale bluish-grey; orbicular represented by a fuscous dot, farther distad than usual; reniform X-shaped, fuscous-black; second line very obscurely indicated by paler transverse area, angled sharply inward opposite reniform, preceded and followed by a margining of obscure linear fuscous dashes: fringes grey with darker basal shade. Hindwings fuscous-grey: fringes as in forewings.

The bluish ground-colour recalls S. asaleuta Meyr., but in S. cinefacta the forewings are broader and the hindwings much darker in colour.

Gordon's Pyramid, in January. Three examples taken at about 4,500 ft. Holotype (♂), allotype (♀), and a paratype in coll. Cawthron Institute.


Cnephasia patern n. sp.

[The section below cannot be correctly rendered as it contains complex formatting. See the image of the page for a more accurate rendering.]

♂. 21 mm. Head and palpi fuscous mingled with reddish. Antennae dark fuscous, annulated with whitish, swollen at joints, ciliations 3½. Thorax leaden-fuscous. Abdomen greyish-fuscous. Legs ochreous-white mixed with fuscous, anterior pair fuscous, tarsi narrowly annulated with white. Forewings elongate-triangular, costa slightly arched at base, thence straight, apex round-pointed, termen straight, strongly oblique; leadenfuscous, densely strigulated with blackish and with scattered reddish scales; costal fold small, about 1/7; a strong outwardly-oblique fascia from costa at apex of fold, yellow mixed with red; a similarly-coloured fascia, preceded by numerous red scales, from costa before middle, outwardly oblique, parallel-sided, reaching about ⅓ across wing; a yellow-and-red spot on costa before apex; some indefinite white marks on apical area: fringes grey with a reddish basal line. Hindwings grey strigulated with fuscous: fringes whitish-grey.

Very distinct and interesting.

Little River, Canterbury. The unique example was taken by Mr. S. Lindsay in March. Type in coll. S. Lindsay.


Borkhausenia affinis n. sp. (Figs. 3, 4.)

♂. 13–14 mm. Head, palpi, and thorax bronzy-brown mixed with grey. Antennae brown, narrowly annulated with ochreous, ciliations in male ¾. Abdomen bronzy-brown. Legs brown mixed with grey. Forewings elongate, narrow, not posteriorly dilated, costa slightly arched, sinuate at middle, apex pointed, termen extremely oblique; bronzy-brown; space below fold from near base almost to tornus occupied by a clear yellow stripe; a few yellow scales indicating post-median and pre-apical fasciae:

– 392 –

fringes grey with scattered fuscous and yellow points. Hindwings broadly lanceolate; bronzy-fuscous: fringes fuscous with darker basal shade.

Belongs to the siderodeta group; the practical absence of fasciae and the dorsal yellow stripe are good distinguishing characters.

Nelson in December, and Dun Mountain in January. A single male from [ unclear: ] each locality. Holotype (♂) and a paratype in coll. Cawthron Institute.

Picture icon

Figs. 3, 4.—Borkhausenia affinis n. sp. 3, male genitalia, lateral view; 4, clasper, from within.
Figs. 5, 6.—Borkhausenia terrena n. sp. 5, male genitalia, lateral view; 6, clasper, from within.

Borkhausenia terrena n. sp. (Figs. 5, 6.)

♂. 13–15 mm. Head, palpi, and thorax greyish-brown. Antennae greyish-brown spotted with whitish. Abdomen brown, segmental divisions lead-coloured. Legs greyish-brown, posterior pair mixed with whitish. Forewings elongate, not posteriorly dilated, costa almost straight, sub-sinuate at middle, apex round-pointed, termen very oblique; greyish-brown, rather darker apically: fringes concolorous with wings. Hind-wings and fringes fuscous-brown.

Near B. melanamma Meyr. but with a different contour of the forewing and complete absence of markings.

Queenstown, in December. Eight males secured on the lower slopes of Ben Lomond. Type in coll. A. Philpott.

Borkhausenia vestita n. sp.

♂. 18 mm. Head pale ochreous. Palpi pale ochreous, fuscous beneath, except at base and apex of second segment. Antennae dark fuscous, ciliations in whorls at joints, 4. Thorax dark ochreous, shoulder bronzy-brown. Abdomen bronzy-fuscous, segmental divisions leaden-white. Legs ochreous, more or less infuscated, anterior pair dark brown above. Forewings elongate, costa strongly arched, apex broadly rounded, termen rounded, very oblique; bronzy-brown, more ochreous apically; a broad ochrcous-white stripe from base to tornus with a black spot resting on its lower edge at ½; a blackish spot above this in the dark costal area; a rather large

– 393 –

black discal spot at ⅔: fringes dull-brownish. Hindwings dark fuscous: fringes fuscous with darker basal line.

Appears to belong to the robiginos group, but differs from all its relatives in the submedian pale stripe.

Hunter Mountains (Manapouri) Taken by Mr. S. Lindsay in January. Type in coll. S. Lindsay.

Euchersadaula tristis n. sp. (Figs. 9, 10.)

♂. 15–17 mm. Head brownish, tinged with pink. Palpi brown, mixed with whitish within. Antennae brown, ciliations over 1. Thorax bronzy-brown. Abdomen pale bronzy-brown, segmental divisions whitish. Legs bronzy-brown, tarsi annulated with whitish-ochreous. Forewings elongate, costa moderately arched, apex obtuse, termen almost straight, oblique; bronzy-brown, strongly tinged with pink, especially on apical half, and with scattered scales and spots of fuscous-black; markings fuscous-black; an obscure striga from costa at ¼, outwardly oblique to fold and enclosing first discal and plical spots; a similar striga from costa beyond middle to tornus, enclosing second discal spot; a faint subterminal striga, sharply angled inwards at middle; some scattered scales and spots; the strigae may be ferruginous, and sometimes there is considerable admixture of whitish-ochreous: fringes leaden-fuscous tinged with pink. Hindwings fuscous, darker apically: fringes greyish-fuscous with darker basal line.

Not easily distinguished from E. lathriopa (Meyr.), but a rather larger and broader-winged form.

Nelson, from sea-level to 3,000 ft. Fairly common in forest country. Holotype (♂) and a series of paratypes in coll. Cawthron Institute.

Leptocroca scholaea (Meyr.), Trans. N.Z. Inst., vol. 16, p. 35, 1884.

Mr. Meyrick informs me that this species and asphaltis Meyr., formerly placed in Borkhausenia, belong to the above genus. I have also two unnamed species (described below) which belong here. These New Zealand species of Leptocroca are very obscure insects, and it would not be a matter for surprise if several others have so far been overlooked. I give the diagnosis of the genus as it appears in Meyrick's revision of the Oecophoridae in the Genera Insectorum:

Leptocroca Meyrick, Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. Wales, vol. 7, p. 425, 1883. Type: L. sanguinolenta Meyrick.

Characters.—Head with appressed scales, side-tufts roughly spreading; ocelli posterior; tongue developed. Antennae ⅔, in male moderately or strongly ciliated (¼), basal joint elongate, with pecten. Labial palpi long or very long, recurved, second joint reaching or exceeding base of antennae, thickened with appressed or loose scales, terminal joint as long as second or shorter, moderate, acute. Maxillary palpi very short, filiform, appressed to tongue. Posterior tibiae clothed with hairs above. Forewings with 1b furcate, 2 and 3 connate or stalked from angle, 7 and 8 stalked, 7 to costa, 11 from middle. Hindwings 1, elongate-ovate, cilia ⅓–½, 3 and 4 connate, 5–7 parallel.”

Fifteen species are known from Australia, and three from Tasmania.

Leptocroca vacua n. sp.

♂ ♀. 19–22 mm. Head and thorax ashy-brown. Palpi greyish, more or less infuscate. Antennae greyish-brown, in male shortly ciliated, under 1.

– 394 –

Abdomen golden-brown, segmental divisions greyish-white. Legs ochreousgrey, more or less infuscated. Forewings elongate, costa strongly arched, apex obtuse, termen rounded, very oblique; ashy brown sprinkled with ferruginous; markings dull ferruginous; stigmata obscure, plical obliquely beyond first discal; a subterminal line, strongly bent outwards to middle, thence strongly inwards, usually faint and frequently obsolete: fringes concolorous with wing. Hindwings shining grey, darker apically: fringes grey with darker basal line.

Picture icon

Figs. 7, 8.—Leptocroca vacua n. sp. 7, forewing; 8, hindwing.

A very obscure species, with the forewings less ferruginous than L. scholaea (Meyr.).

Nelson, from October to January. Fairly common at low elevations. Holotype (♂), allotype (♀), and a series of paratypes in coll. Cawthron Institute.

Leptocroca variabilis n. sp. (Figs. 17, 18.)

♂. 16–19 mm. Head and palpi fuscous mixed with ochreous. Antennae fuscous, ciliations in male 1. Thorax bronzy-fuscous. Abdomen ochreous, segmental divisions whitish. Legs fuscous, posterior tarsi annulated with ochreous. Forewings elongate, costa moderately arched, apex obtuse, termen rounded, oblique; greyish-fuscous mixed with whitish and ferruginous scales; stigmata brownish-black, plical below first discal, margined anteriorly with white; second discal irregularly quadrilateral; a suffused fuscous patch on costa above first discal and a similar one on middle of costa; a very obscure irregular curved subterminal fascia: fringes whitish mixed, with fuscous and ferruginous. Hindwings greyishfuscous, more bronzy apically: fringes fuscous-grey with obscure darker basal and median bands. In some examples the forewings are densely irrorated with ochreous-white, and in such specimens the stigmata are large and prominent; the paler colour also extends to the head and thorax.

Somewhat resembling L. scholaea (Meyr.), but a smaller and greyer form.

Six males from Cobb Valley in December, and another in the same month from Mount Arthur Tableland at about 4,500 ft. Holotype (♂) and a series of paratypes in coll. Cawthron Institute.

– 395 –
Picture icon

Figs. 9, 10.—Euchersadaula tristis n. sp. 9, male genitalia, lateral view; 10, clasper, from within.
Figs. 11, 12.—Euchersadaula lathriopa (Meyr.). 11, male genitalia, lateral view; 12, clasper, from within.
Figs. 13, 14.—Leptocroca scholaea (Meyr.). 13, male genitalia, lateral view; 14, clasper, from within.
Figs. 15, 16.—Leptocroca asphaltis (Meyr.). 15, male genitalia, lateral view; 16, clasper, from within.
Figs. 17, 18.—Leptocroca variabilis n. sp. 17, male genitalia, lateral view; 18, clasper, from within.
Figs. 19, 20.—Leptocroca vacua n. sp. 19, male genitalia, lateral view; 20, clasper, from within.

– 396 –

Izatha heroica n. sp.

♀. 32 mm. Head and thorax white. Palpi white, basal half of second segment externally black, also an obscure blackish ring near apex, terminal segment with a sprinkling of black scales forming an indefinite ring at tooth. Antennae fuscous mixed with white, basal segment paler. Abdomen ochreous-whitish, apical segment brown. Legs grey-whitish, tarsi banded with dark fuscous. Forewings elongate, broad, costa well arched, apex obtuse, termen rounded, oblique; white, densely irrorated with pale fuscous; seven blackish spots on costa, first at base, second at ¼, third at ½, seventh at apex, and remaining three at equal distances between third and seventh; a blackish spot in disc obliquely beyond second costal, and a linear blackish mark on fold beneath this; three blackish spots forming a triangle in disc at about middle, the most apical obliquely beyond third costal; a less clearly defined spot towards apex; a series of blackish spots on termen: fringes white. Hindwings grey-whitish with an undefined dark discal spot: fringes grey-whitish.

A very distinct form, larger and without the dark fasciae of the other white species.

Flora River, in January. A single female taken in bush at about 3,250 ft. Type in coll. Cawthron Institute.

Barea ambigua n. sp.

♂. 19–20 mm. Head and thorax greyish-brown. Palpi greyish-white, densely mixed with dark fuscous. Antennae greyish-brown, closely annulated with fuscous, ciliations very short. Abdomen greyish-brown, median dorsal area more or less ochreous. Legs ochreous-grey-whitish, strongly infuscated, tarsi broadly annulated with dark fuscous. Forewings—costa moderately arched, apex rounded, termen faintly sinuate, strongly oblique; dull greyish-brown irrorated with dark fuscous; markings dark fuscous; an irregular blotch on costa and dorsum at base; an irregular transverse fascia at ⅓, obsolete on costa and dorsum; a large irregularly pear-shaped spot at ⅔; some obscure dashes distad of this spot; a series of dots round termen: fringes concolorous with wing. Hindwings grey tinged with fuscous: fringes grey with obscure darker lines.

Picture icon

Figs. 21, 22.—Barea ambigua n. sp. 21, male genitalia, lateral view; 22, clasper, from within.

An obscure but distinct species, best distinguished by the peculiar spot in disc at ⅔.

Horseshoe Lake, Christchurch. Four males taken by Mr. W. Heighway in November and December. Holotype (♂) and two paratypes in coll. W. Heighway.

Proteodes clarkei n. sp.

♂. 24 mm. Head light yellow. Palpi—second segment ferruginous except at apex which is yellow, terminal segment yellow. Antennae fuscous, closely annulated with darker, basal segment ferruginous, ciliations almost 1. Thorax yellow, tegulae and a broad median stripe ferruginous. Abdomen ochreous-white, Legs ochreous-white, anterior pair mixed with

– 397 –

ferruginous. Forewings elongate-trianglar, costa moderately arched, apex rounded, termen slightly rounded, oblique; ferruginous; a broad stripe of yellow occupying median portion of wing, sharply separated in a straight line from costal ferruginous area, and suffusedly margined with ferruginous along dorsum and termen; a prominent blackish-ferruginous dot in disc at ⅔, broadly margined anteriorly with metallic white: fringes ferruginous. Hindwings shining white tinged with ochreous: fringes pink.

The colour and markings of this handsome species are very similar to those of the genus Gelophaula of the family Tortricidae.

Hunter Mountains (Manapouri). Several taken by Messrs. Clarke and Lindsay at about 4,000 ft. in January. Type in coll. S. Lindsay.


Hierodoris (?) insignis n. sp.

♀. 12 mm. Head and thorax dark bronzy-purplish-fuscous. Palpi and antennae dark brownish-fuscous. Abdomen dark purplish-brown. Legs dark fuscous, tibiae and tarsi obscurely annulated with greyish-white. Forewings moderate, costa slightly arched, apex rounded, termen extremely oblique; white, densely irrorated with leaden-grey; along dorsum wholly leaden-grey; markings purplish-black; a nearly straight, broad, subbasal fascia, an outwardly-oblique, broad, irregular fascia from costa at ⅓, reaching to fold; a large round spot in disc at ⅔, almost touching a semi-oval spot on costa; a fuscous suffusion along termen: fringes fuscous-grey with some white scales. Hindwings under 1, trapezoidal; purplish-fuscous: fringes fuscous.

A very distinct form. The markings give the species a striking resemblance to a small Tortricid. I have placed this interesting species in Hierodoris provisionally, but the maxillary palpi are present though small. Further material is necessary in order to fix the generic position with certainty.

Mount Arthur Tableland, in January. The unique example was captured by Mr. S. Lindsay at an elevation of about 4,000 ft. Type in coll. S. Lindsay.

Simaethis nivescens n. sp.

♂ ♀. 16–17 mm. Head and palpi brown densely sprinkled with white; second segment of palpi with strong but longitudinally-narrow scale-tuft. Antennae blackish annulated with white, ciliations in male 1 ½. Thorax bronzy-brown, tegulae spotted with white. Abdomen bronzy-brown, segmental divisions white. Legs brown, densely sprinkled with white. Forewings moderate, costa slightly arched, apex rounded, termen slightly rounded, little oblique; bronzy-brown; basal ⅖ sprinkled with white scales which tend to form one or two bands; a white spot on costa at ⅗ giving rise to a white line which follows an outwardly-oblique course to near middle of wing, thence bending sharply inwardly to above dorsum to which it recurves, in male this line is absorbed in subterminal band of white scales; preceding this line is a broad band almost free of white scales except those forming the discal spot; a broad subterminal band of white scales, touching second line at middle: fringes white, with broad blackish basal band and a similar but paler apical band. Hindwings tuscous. a white fascia round tornus, thence dividing into two and extending to middle of termen, in male this fascia is represented by only a few scales: fringes as in forewings.

Superficially nearest to S. combinatana Walk., but the structural difference in the palpi at once distinguishes it.

– 398 –

Mount Arthur Tableland, in January; a single female taken among rough herbage at about 4,500 ft. Gordon's Pyramid, a single male, also found in January. Holotype (♂) and. allotype (♀) in coll. Cawthron Institute.


Crypsitricha generosa n. sp.

♀. 17 mm. Head white, ochreous-tinged. Labial palpi dark fuscous, apical half of terminal segment ochreous-white; maxillary palpi dark fuscous. Antennae fuscous. Thorax ochreous, tegulae fuscous at base. Abdomen ochreous-white. Legs ochreous-white, middle and anterior pairs strongly infuscated, the tarsi narrowly annulated with ochreous. Forewings elongate, narrow, not dilated, costa slightly arched, apex pointed, termen rounded, very oblique; white mixed with ochreous; a blackish-fuscous stripe along costa from base to beyond ¾, gradually dilated to ½, where it reaches about half across wing, beyond this narrowed by the intrusion of a whitish discal patch, from base to ½ margined beneath with bright ochreous; apex ochreous: fringes white mixed with ochreous. Hindwing and fringes ochreous-white, costal fringes fuscous tinged.

A well-marked species not closely resembling any other member of the genus

Hunter Mountains (Manapouri). A single female taken by Mr. S. Lindsay in December. Type in coil. S. Lindsay.

Archyala opulenta n. sp.

♂. 17–19 mm. Head and palpi ochreous mixed with fuscous. Antennae fuscous. Thorax dark fuscous mixed with ochreous. Abdomen dark greyish-fuscous. Legs fuscous mixed with ochreous. Forewings elongate, costa strongly arched, apex round-pointed, termen rounded, very oblique; ochreous; numerous dark purplish-fuscous outwardly-oblique interrupted strigae, most prominent on costa; a broader and more continuous one from ⅔ costa to ¾ dorsum; a series of ochreous spots round termen: fringes fuscous mixed with ochreous. Hindwings fuscous with purplish-violet reflections: fringes dark fuscous.

A handsome species; the ochreous ground-colour of the forewings is a good distinguishing character.

Upper Maitai, in November. Two males taken in bush by Mr. E. S. Gourlay. Type and paratype in coll. Cawthron Institute.

Sagephora jocularis n. sp.

♂. 9 mm. Head white tinged with brown. Palpi fuscous, apex of second segment and terminal segment white. Antennae ochreous, annulated with fuscous. Thorax fuscous, a lateral stripe and tegulae whitish-ochreous. Abdomen fuscous. Legs greyish-fuscous. Forewings elongate, costa moderately arched, apex rounded, termen very oblique; ochreous mixed with white; a broad, fuscous-brown stripe along costa from base to ⅘, strongly dilated on its apical half where it is margined beneath with white; a fuscous-brown stripe on dorsum from base to ½ beyond this to tornus the fuscous is mixed with ochreous-white; apical fourth chiefly fuscous-brown but with some mixture of ochreous and white; a thin ochreous and white line along termen: fringes greyish-fuscous with interrupted black basal line. Hindwings and fringes greyish-fuscous.

Nearest to S. phortegella Meyr., but a smaller and darker insect.

Tisbury (Southland), in January; a single male in bush. Mr. S. Lindsay has a specimen taken at Purau, in October. Type in coll. A. Philpott.

– 399 –

In concluding, I should like to express my gratitude to Mr. E. Meyrick, Dr. A. J. Turner, and Mr. G. V. Hudson for much assistance and counsel. I have also much pleasure in acknowledging the kind help of Messrs. S. Lindsay, C. E. Clarke, and W. Heighway, who have provided me with much of the material dealt with.