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Volume 56, 1926
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– 677 –

Scientific, Maori, and Common Names of New Zealand Plants.

Names suggested for adoption starred *; if in brackets, the name has not appeared in literature, at least in the form suggested. Naturalized plants are marked † hybrids. X.

  • Acaena adscendens: 1

    • silver piripiri

  • Acaena inermis:

    • spineless piripiri

  • Acaena microphylla:

    • small-leaved acæna

  • Acaena novae-zelandiae:

    • New Zealand acæna

    • New Zealand burr

    • red biddy-bid

    • red New Zealand burr

    • red piripiri

    • *(red burr)

  • Acaena ovina:

    • Australian piripiri

    • Acaena Sanguisorbae:

      • huruhuru-o-Hinenuitepo

      • hutiwai

      • kaia

      • kaiarurerure

      • kaikaia

      • kaikaiaruhe

      • kaikaiarure

      • pirikahu

      • *piripiri

      • piriwhetau

      • beta-beta

      • bid-a-bid

      • biddy-bid

      • biddy-biddy

      • *biddybiddy

      • bidi-bidi

      • common burr

      • green biddy-bid

      • native burr

      • New Zealand burr

    • Acaena Sanguisorbae var. minor:

      • antarctic burr

      • antarctic piripiri

      • *(polar burr)

    • Acaena Sanguisorbae var. pilosa:

      • mountain piripiri

    • Aciphylla Ashcroftii:2

      • speargrass

    • Aciphylla Colensoi:

      • kurikuri

      • taramea

      • bayonet grass

      • bayonet-grass

      • bayonet plant

      • bayonette grass

      • bloody Spaniard

      • bloody-Spaniard

      • Colenso's Spaniard

      • Spaniard

      • *spear-grass

    • Aciphylla Colensoi var. maxima:3

      • greater-spaniard

    • Aciphylla Lyallii:

      • bayonet plant

    • Aciphylla Lyallii var. crenulata:

      • saw-leaved Spaniard

    • Aciphylla maxima:

      • giant spaniard

    • Aciphylla Monroi:

      • alpine spear grass

      • little spaniard

      • Monro's Spaniard

      • tiny spear-grass

      • *(pigmy spear-grass)

    • Aciphylla squarrosa:

      • karamea

      • kurikuri

      • papaii (= the young form)

      • *taramea

      • tumatakuru

      • bayonet plant

      • rough Spaniard

      • *spaniard

      • spear grass

      • spear-grass

      • speargrass

      • spur-grass

      • wild Spaniard

    • Aciphylla Traillii:

      • Stewart Island spaniard

      • Stewart Island spear-grass

    • Ackama rosaefolia:

      • makaka

      • *makamaka4

    • Adiantum:

      • *maidenhair

    • Adiantum aethiopicum:

      • African maidenhair

      • creeping maiden hair

      • English maidenhair

      • maidenhair

      • *rock-fern

      • small-leaved maidenhair

    • Adiantum affine:

      • common maidenhair

      • Cunningham's maiden hair fern

      • large-leaved maidenhair

      • maiden hair

    • Adiantum diaphanum:

      • little maidenhair

      • thin-leaved maidenhair

    • Adiantum formosum:

      • giant maiden-hair

      • giant maidenhair

      • *plumed maidenhair

      • plumed maiden hair fern

    • Adiantum fulvum:

      • brown-stemmed maiden-hair

    • Adiantum hispidulum:

      • hairy maidenhair

      • hairy maiden hair fern

    • Aecidium kowhai:

    • myopori:

      • *witches-broom

    • Agaricus adiposus:

      • harore (also a general term for fungi)

    [Footnote] 1 Found only on Macquarie Island, the mainland plant being A. saccaticupula.

    [Footnote] 2 No such name now recognized.

    [Footnote] 3 Name not now recognized; the same as A. maxima.

    [Footnote] 4 The name Ackama is intended as an anagram of makamaka.

    – 678 –
    • Agathis australis:

      • kapia (= the resin)

      • *kauri

      • caudie

      • coudy

      • cowdy

      • cowrie-pine

      • cowry

      • kaudi

      • kaudi-tree

      • kauri pine

      • king-pine

      • koudi pine

      • kowdie-pine

      • New Zealand fir

      • New Zealand yellow pine

      • olive-leaved cedar

      • yellow pine

    • Ageratum conyzioides:

      • cherry pie

      • cherry-pie

      • *wild heliotrope

    • Agropyron multiflorum:

      • short-awned wheat grass

    • Agropyron scabrum:

      • patiti

      • patiti-taranui

      • blue-grass

      • blue wheat grass

    • Agropyron squarrosum:1

      • blue grass

      • Agropyron Youngii

      • blue grass var.

    • Agrostis Dyeri:

      • brown bent

      • brown bent grass

      • New Zealand bent-grass

      • *(Maori bent)

      • Agrostis Forsteri (Deyeuxia filiformis and D. Forsteri):

      • *perehia

      • repehina

      • toheraoa

      • turikoka

      • toothed bent grass

      • toothed bent-grass

      • *(toothed bent)

    • Agrostis parviflora:

      • slender bent grass

      • small-flowered bent-grass

      • Agrostis pilosa (Deyeuxia filiformis var. pilosa):

      • pilose bent grass

    • Agrostis. subulata:

      • alpine bent grass

      • alpine bent-grass

      • dwarf mountain bent grass

    • Alectryon excelsum:

      • tapitapi

      • *titoki

      • titongi

      • tokitoki

      • tongitongi

      • topitopi

      • lofty alectryon

      • native ash

      • New Zealand ash

      • New Zealand oak

      • pitoko

    • Aleurites moluccana:

      • candle-nut

      • *candlenut

    • Alopecurus geniculatus:

      • knee-jointed fox-tail grass

      • marsh foxtail

    • Alseuosmia Banksii:

      • matukuroimata

      • *pere

      • Alseuosmia linearifolia

      • matukuroimata

    • Alseuosmia macrophylla:

      • horopito

      • *karapapa

      • kokotaika

      • toropapa

      • honeysuckle

      • large-leaved alseuosmia

      • shrubby honeysuckle

    • Alseuosmia quercifolia:

      • *matukuroimata

      • *toropapa

      • oak-leaved alseuosmia

    • Alsophila Colensoi:

      • creeping tree fern

      • golden tree-fern

      • grove fern

      • mountain tree-fern

      • *(grove-fern)

    • Alternanthera sessilis:

      • mahuri

      • nahui

    • Angelica geniculata:

      • climbing-aniseed

      • jointed angelica

      • *(climbing-anise)

    • Angelica Gingidium:2

      • naupiro

      • native anise

    • Angelica montana:

      • anis

      • anise

      • aniseed

      • native aniseed

      • New Zealand aniseed

      • *(Maori anise)

    • Angelica rosaefolia:

      • kohepiro

      • *koheriki

      • kumarahou

      • aniseed

      • *rose-leaved anise

    • Angelica trifoliolata:

      • *bog-anise

    • Anisotome:

      • pinakitere

      • native parsley

      • *(Maori parsley)

    • Anisotome aromatica:

      • *kopoti

      • common alpine ligusticum

      • common anisotome

    • Anisotome carnosulum:

      • fleshy ligusticum

    • Anisotome Enysii:

      • rock-anisotome

    • Anisotome latifolium:

      • broad-leaved ligusticum

    • Anisotome Lyallii:

      • *Maori parsnip

    • Anisotome piliferum:

      • bristly ligusticum

    • Apium australe:3

      • tutaekoau

    [Footnote] 1 No such name now recognized; perhaps syn. for A. scabrum.

    [Footnote] 2 Name not now recognized; the same as A. montana.

    [Footnote] 3 Name not now recognized: the same as A. prostratum.

    – 679 –
    • Apium filiforme:

      • slender celery

      • slender New Zealand celery

      • wild celery

    • Apium prostratum:

      • Australian celery

      • celery

      • native celery

      • New Zealand celery

      • prostrate parsley

      • *(Maori celery)

    • X Aristotelia Colensoi:

      • Colenso's wineberry

    • Aristotelia fruticosa:

      • *mountain-currant

      • mountain wineberry

      • shrubby aristotelia

    • Aristotelia serrata (racemosa):

      • *makomako

      • light-wood

      • lime tree

      • moko-mok

      • moko-moko

      • native currant

      • New Zealand currant

      • New Zealand wineberry

      • racemose aristotelia

      • wine berry

      • wine-berry

      • *wineberry

    • Arthropodium candidum:

      • repehina-papa

      • *star-lily

      • white arthropodium

    • Arthropodium cirratum:

      • maikaika

      • popohui

      • rengarenga

      • curled arthropodium

      • Mabel Island lily

      • New Zealand lily

      • North Island lily

      • renga lily

      • rock lily

      • rock-lily

      • *(renga-lily)

    • Arthropteris tenella:

      • tender polypody

    • Arundo conspicua:

      • *toetoe

      • toetoe-kakaho

      • kakaho (= the culms)

      • kokaho (prob. kakaho)

      • Arundo conspicua—cont.

      • cutting grass

      • erect-plumed tussock-grass

      • flag

      • New Zealand reed

      • pampas grass

      • plumed tussac grass

      • plume grass

      • *plume-grass

      • sword-grass

      • toe-toe grass

      • toetoe grass

      • toetoe-grass

      • tohe-tohe

      • tohi grass

      • toi-grass

      • toi-toi grass

    • Arundo fulvida:

      • erect plumed tussac grass

    • Ascarina lucida:

      • *hutu

      • glossy ascarine

    • Asperella gracilis:

      • slender glumeless grass

    • Asperula perpusilla:

      • dwarf bedstraw

      • *woodroof

    • Asplenium adiantoides:

      • peretao

      • *petako

      • ware

      • drooping spleenwort

      • *lance-leaved spleenwort

      • shining-spleenwort

    • Asplenium bulbiferum:

      • maku

      • manamana

      • mauku

      • moku

      • *mouki

      • mouku

      • carrot-top

      • common spleenwort

      • mother-fern

      • proliferous spleenwort

      • *(cradling fern)

    • Asplenium caudatum:

      • tailed spleenwort

    • Asplenium Colensoi:

      • Colenso's spleenwort

    • Asplenium falcatum:

      • peretao

      • *petako

    • Asplenium flabellifolium:

      • drooping spleenwort

      • drooping-spleenwort

      • necklace fern

      • *necklace-fern

      • rat-tail spleenwort

      • whip-cord

    • Asplenium flaccidum:

      • maireire

      • *makawe

      • pohutukawa

      • raukatauri

      • whiri-o-Raukatauri

      • drooping spleenwort

      • drooping-spleenwort

      • hanging-tree spleenwort

      • pendant spleenwort

      • *pendent spleenwort

    • Asplenium Hookerianum:

      • Hooker's spleenwort

      • *maidenhair spleenwort

    • Asplenium lucidum:

      • *huruhuruwhenua

      • panako

      • paranako

      • parenako

      • paretao

      • *shining spleenwort

      • shining-spleenwort

    • Asplenium Lyallii:

      • Lyall's spleenwort

    • Asplenium obtusatum:

      • panako

      • *paranako

      • parenako

      • paretao

      • blunt leafed spleenwort

      • lime-spleenwort

      • sea spleenwort

      • sea-spleenwort

      • shore spleenwort

      • *shore-spleenwort

    • Asplenium Richardi:

      • carrot fern

      • Richard's spleenwort

      • Richards' spleenwort

      • *(carrot-fern)

    • Asplenium scleroprium:

      • toothed shore spleenwort

    • Asplenium Trichomanes:

      • maidenhair spleenwort

      • rook spleenwort

      • wall spleenwort

    – 680 –
    • Astelia:

      • mauri

      • cotton plant

      • perching-lilies

    • Astelia Banksii:

      • horahora

      • kowharawhara

      • puwharawhara

      • *wharawhara

      • shore-kowharawhara

    • Astelia Cockaynei (montana):

      • alpine astelia

      • alpine bush-flax

      • *mountain-astelia

    • Astelia Cunninghamii:

      • kahakaha

      • *kokaha

      • kowharawhara

      • takahakaha (= when in flower)

      • perching-kowharawhara

    • Astelia linearis:

      • dwarf astelia

      • Astelia montana. See A. Cockaynei.

    • Astelia nervosa:

      • kakaha

      • bush flax

      • bush-flax

      • *bush-lily

      • common astelia

      • giant astelia

      • swamp-astelia

      • swamp-asteliad

    • Astelia Solandri:

      • *kahakaha

      • perching kahakaha

      • perching lily

      • *tree-flax

    • Astelia subulata:

      • sharp-leaved creeping astelia

    • Astelia trinervia:

      • kauri grass

      • *kauri-grass

    • Atriplex crystallina (Billardieri):

      • New Zealand orache

    • Atriplex patula:

      • spreading-orache

    • Atropis novae-zealandiae:

      • New Zealand atropis

    • Atropis stricta:

      • *salt grass

      • sweet grass

    • Avicennia officinalis:

      • *manawa

      • paetai

      • tuputupu

      • waikure

      • *mangrove

      • white mangrove

    • Azolla rubra:

      • karerarera

      • *retoreto

      • floating water-fern

      • *red azolla

    • Barbarea vulgaris:

      • toi

    • Beilschmiedia taraire:

      • *taraire

      • laurel-tree

    • Beilschmiedia tawa:

      • mariri (=the unripe fruit)

      • pokere (= the fruit)

      • pokerehu (= the fruit)

      • *tawa

      • New Zealand's damson

    • Bidens pilosa:

      • *kamu

      • koheriki

      • *cowage

    • Blechnum (Lomaria):

      • *hard fern

      • hard-fern

    • Blechnum alpinum:1

      • narrow hard-fern

    • Blechnum Banksii:

      • Bank's hard fern

      • Banks' hard fern

      • shore hard-fern

      • Blechnum capense. 2 See B. procerum.

    • Blechnum discolor:

      • *petipeti

      • piupiu

      • taniwhaniwha

      • common hard fern

      • *crown-fern

      • fishbone-fern

      • New Zealand's bird's nest fern

    • Blechnum durum:

      • coastal hard-fern

      • thick-leaved hard fern

      • thick-leaved hard-fern

    • Blechnum filiforme:

      • panako

      • climbing hard fern

      • climbing hard-fern

      • *thread-fern

    • Blechnum fluviatile:

      • kawakawa

      • *kiwikiwi

      • creek fern

      • *creek-fern

    • Blechnum Fraseri:

      • Frazer's fern

      • mimic tree-fern

      • miniature tree-fern

    • Blechnum lanceolatum:

      • nini

      • *rereti

      • lance-leaved fern

      • lance-leaved hard fern

      • Tasmanian hard fern

    • Blechnum membranaceum:

      • membrane-leaved fern

    • Blechnum nigrum:

      • black hard fern

      • black hard-fern

    • Blechnum Norfolkiana:

      • thin-leaved hard fern

    • Blechnum paleacea: 3

      • bronze-leaved fern

    • Blechnum Patersoni:

      • peretao

      • broad-leaved hard-fern

      • Paterson's fern

    • Blechnum penna marinum: 4

      • alpine hard fern

      • alpine hard-fern

      • little hard fern

    [Footnote] 1 Now included in B. penna marina.

    [Footnote] 2 Name to be changed to B. procerum, which see.

    [Footnote] 3 No such name now recognized.

    [Footnote] 4 This is now the accepted name also of B. alpinum.

    – 681 –
    • Blechnum procerum (Forst. f.) J. C. Andersen = B. capense Schlecht. in Cheeseman, Man. N.Z. Flora, ed. 2, pp. 58–59:

      • horokio

      • *kiokio

      • korokio

      • koropiu

      • piupiu

      • tupari

      • double fern

      • long hard fern

      • long hard-fern

      • palm-leaved fern

    • Blechnum rulcanicum:

      • korokio

      • triangular hard fern

      • triangular hard-fern

    • Bolbophyllum pygmaeum:

      • pygmy bolbophyllum

    • Botrychium:

      • *moonwort

    • Botrychium australe:

      • moonwort

    • Botrychium flabellifolium: 1

      • parsley fern

      • Botrychium lunaria

      • *moonwort

    • Botrychium ternatum:

      • patotara

      • moonwort

      • parsley fern

      • parsley-fern

      • rattle-snake fern

      • *rattlesnake fern

    • Brachycome odorata:

      • *roniu

    • Brachycome Sinclairii:

      • daisy

      • *grassland-daisy

      • native daisy

      • Sinclair's brachycome

    • Brachyglottis rangiora:

      • *rangiora

    • Brachyglottis repanda:

      • pukapuka

      • pukariao

      • rangiora

      • raurakau

      • *wharangi

      • wharangitawhito

      • Brachyglottis repanda—ctd

      • paper leaf

      • wavy-leaved rangiora

      • *(paper-leaf)

    • Brassica campestris:

      • keha

      • korau

      • nani

      • pohata

    • Brossica oleracea:

      • paea

      • Captain Cook cabbage

      • Maori cabbage

    • Bromus arenarius:

      • sea-side brome grass

      • *seaside biome-grass

    • Bulbinella Rossii: 2

      • Ross's bulbinella

    • Bulbophyllum pygmaeum:

      • piripiri

    • Caladenia Lyallii:

      • Lyall's caladenia

    • Caladenia minor:

      • lesser caladenia

      • Calamagrostis. See Dey-euxia

      • Calceolaria. See Jovellana.

    • Callitriche:

      • *water-starwort

    • Callitriche Muelleri:

      • southern water star-wort

    • Caltha novae-zelandiae:

      • marsh marygold

      • New Zealand caltha

      • New Zealand marsh-mari-gold

      • *(Maori marigold)

    • Calystegia sepium:

      • akapohue

      • nahinahi

      • panahe

      • panahi

      • *panake

      • pohue

      • rauparaha

      • bell climber

      • *bell-vine

      • bind-weed

      • bindweed

      • convolvulus

    • Calystegia Soldanella:

      • bindweed

      • sand bindweed

      • sand-convolvulus

      • shore convolvulus

      • shore-convolvulus

      • soldanella-like calystegia

      • *(sandbine)

    • Calystegia tuguriorum:

      • powhiwhi

      • climbing convolvulus

      • climbing-convolvulus

      • native convolvulus

      • New Zealand convolvulus

      • smaller bindweed

      • *(Maori convolvulus)

      • Cardamine in part. See

      • Radicula Nasturtium.

    • *Cardamine depressa:

      • ladies' smock

    • Cardamine heterophylla:

      • hanea

      • *panapana

      • bitter-cress

      • hairy bitter-cress

      • hairy cardamine

      • New Zealand cress

      • *(Maori cress)

      • Cardamine heterophylla var.

    • uniflora:

      • few-leaved bitter-cress

    • Cardamine hirsuta:

      • land-cress

    • Carex appressa:

      • tall sedge

      • tupak grass

    • Carex comans:

      • *maurea

      • hair-like sedge

    • Carex Darwini var. uro-lepsis:

      • sedge

    • Carex dissita:

      • flat-leaved sedge.

    • Carex dissita var. monticola:

      • mountain-sedge

    • Carex litorosa:

      • salt-marsh sedge

      • *sea-sedge

    [Footnote] 1 No such name now recognized.

    [Footnote] 2 Now included in Chrysobactron Rossii.

    – 682 –
      • Carex longiculmis

      • long-stalked sedge

    • Carex lucida:

      • *mania

      • maurea

      • *shining sedge

    • Carex Oederi var. catarra-tae:

      • *yellow sedge

      • Carex pseudo-cyperus var.

    • fascicularis:

      • cyperus-sedge

    • Carex pumila:

      • creeping-sedge

      • dune sedge

      • *dune-sedge

      • sand-sedge

    • Carex pyrenaica:

      • Pyrenees sedge

    • Carex secta:

      • *purei

      • nigger head

      • nigger-head

      • *niggerhead

    • Carex Solandri:

      • Solander's sedge

    • Carex stellulata var. aus-tralis:

      • *prickly sedge

    • Carex teretiuscula:

      • *makura

      • mata

      • purekireki

    • Carex ternaria:

      • *rautahi

      • toetoe-rautahi

      • cutting-grass

    • Carex testacea:

      • *slender sedge

    • Carex trifida:

      • *great sedge

      • sedge

    • Carex uncifolia:

      • hook-leaved sedge

      • *(hook-sedge)

    • Carex virgata:

      • Maori head

      • nigger-head

      • smaller swamp-sedge

      • small swamp-sedge

    • Carmichaelia australis:

      • *makaka

      • tainoka

      • taunoka

      • austral broom

      • austral-broom

      • New Zealand broom

      • red-seeded broom

      • southern carmichaelia

      • tall native broom

      • *(Maori broom)

    • Carmichaelia Enysii:

      • Enys's native broom

    • Carmichaelia flagelliformis:

      • *maukoro

      • native broom

      • New Zealand broom

      • slender broom

      • slender native broom

      • slender New Zealand

      • broom

      • whip-like carmichaelia

      • *(whip-broom)

    • Carmichaelia gracilis:

      • climbing-broom

      • climbing New Zealand

      • broom

    • Carmichaelia grandiflora:

      • large-flowered broom

      • large-flowered New Zea-land broom

      • Carmichaelia grandiflora

      • var. alba

      • *alpine broom

      • Carmichaelia Monroi

      • stout dwarf broom

    • Carmichaelia nana:

      • common dwarf broom

      • dwarf carmichaelia

    • Carmichaelia odorata:

      • pink broom

      • scented broom

      • *sweet-broom

      • tall New Zealand broom

    • Carmichaelia paludosa:

      • *swamp-broom

    • Carmichaelia subulata:

      • common New Zealand

      • broom

      • leafless common New Zealand broom

      • native broom

    • Carpha alpina:

      • alpine carpha

      • common carpha

    • Carpodetus serratus:

      • kaiweta

      • piripiriwhata

      • *punaweta

      • putaputaweta

      • New Zealand hawthorn

      • oak

      • serrate carpodetus

      • snow-tree

      • weta

      • white birch

      • white mapau

      • white maple

      • white matipo

      • *(Maori may)

    • Cassinia fulvida:

      • *golden cottonwood

      • yellow cassinia

      • yellow shrub

    • Cassinia leptophylla:

      • tauhinu-korokio

      • taihinu-koromiko

      • cottonwood

      • narrow-leaved cassinia

      • *(fragrant cottonwood)

    • Cassinia Vauvilliersii:

      • mountain cassinia

      • *mountain-cottonwood

      • Vauvillier's cassinia

      • yellow-leaved mountain cottonwood

    • Cassytha paniculata:

      • mawhai

      • konene (= the fruit)

    • Celmisia:

      • horse daisy

      • mountain aster

      • New Zealand daisy

      • *(Maori daisy)

    • Celmisia argentea:

      • silver couhion-celmisia

      • silvery celmisia

      • silvery cushion-celmisia

      • silvery mountain-daisy

    • Celmisia bellidioides:

      • green cushion-celmisia

    • Celmisia coriacea:

      • tikumu

      • cotton plant

      • leather plant

      • leathery celmisia

      • mountain daisy

      • silvery cotton-plant

      • white mountain daisy

    • Celmisia discolor:

      • *mountain-musk

    – 683 –
    • Celmisia glandulosa var. latifolia:

      • bog celmisia

      • *bog-celmisia

    • Celmisia gracilenta (longi-folia):

      • *pekepeke

      • common celmisia

      • cotton grass

      • cotton-grass

      • long-leaved celmisia

    • Celmisia holosericea:

      • pekepeke

      • aster

    • Celmisia incana:

      • mountain musk

      • mountain-musk

      • *white mountain-musk

    • Celmisia intermedia:

      • *hoary mountain-musk

    • Celmisia laricifolia:

      • cotton plant

      • *needle-leaved celmisia

    • Celmisia linearis:

      • *narrow-leaved celmisia

      • Celmisia longifolia. See C. gracilenta.

    • Celmisia Lyallii:

      • blunt-leaved spaniard

      • blunt spaniard

    • Celmisia Monroi:

      • rock cotton-plant

    • Celmisia rigida:

      • Stewart Island celmisia

    • Celmisia sessiliflora:

      • short-flowered celmisia

      • white cushion-celmisia

    • Celmisia Sinclairii:

      • mountain-musk

      • Sinclair's celmisia

    • Celmisia spectabilis:

      • *puakaito

      • puhaeretaiko

      • puwharetaiko

      • tikumu

      • common cotton-plant

      • cotton plant

      • cotton-plant

      • leather-plant

    • Celmisia Traversii:

      • brown mountain daisy

      • Travers' celmisia

    • Celmisia vernicosa:

      • varnished celmisia

    • Celmisia viscosa:

      • *snow-celmisia

    • Centella uniflora (Hydro-cotyle asiatica):

      • Asiatic hydrocotyle

      • Asiatic marsh pennywort

      • Asiatic marsh-pennywort

    • Chaetomorpha Darwinii:

      • mermaids beads

      • *(mermaids-beads)

    • Cheilanthes Sieberi:

      • Sieber's fern

      • rock-fern

    • Cheilanthes tenuifolia:

      • thin-leaved cheilanthes

    • Chenopodium album:

      • huainanga

    • Chenopodium detestans:

      • fish-guts plant

    • Chenopodium glaucum var. ambiguum:

      • oak-leaved goose-foot

    • Chenopodium pusillum:

      • parahia

    • Chenopodium triandrum:

      • *poipapa

      • spinach

      • triandrous chenopodium

    • Chrysobactron Hookeri:

      • Maori onion

      • *swamp-lily

    • Chrysobactron Hookeri var. angustifolium:

      • *bog-lily

    • Chrysobactron Rossii: 1

      • Maori onion

      • orange-coloured swamp-lily

    • Cladium articulatum:

      • jointed twig-rush

    • Cladium Gunnii:

      • Gunn's twig-rush

    • Cladium junceum:

      • swamp twig-rush

    • Cladium Sinclairii:

      • pepepe

      • toetoe-tuhar

      • *tuhara

    • Cladium teretifolium:

      • common twig-rush

    • Cladium Vauthiera:

      • square-stemmed twig-rush

    • Clathrus cibarius (Ileodic-tyon cibarium):

      • kokirikiri-whetu

      • kopura-whetu

      • kopuru-whetu

      • korokoro-whetu

      • paru-whatitiri

      • pukurau

      • tutae-kehua

      • tutae-whatitiri

      • *tutae-whetu

      • wheterau

      • basket fungus

      • devil's purse

      • fairy's closet

      • lattice fungus

      • net fungus

      • shepherd's basket fungus

      • *(basket-fungus)

    • Clematis:

      • virgin's bower

    • Clematis afoliata:

      • leafless clematis

      • yellow-flowered leafless clematis

    • Clematis Colensoi:

      • yellow clematis

    • Clematis hexasepala:

      • pikiarero

      • poananga

      • potaetae

      • puatataua

      • *puataua

      • puatautaua

      • six-sepaled clematis

      • smaller white clematis

      • small white clematis

      • traveller's joy

    • Clematis indivisa:

      • pikiarero

      • puapua

      • *puawananga

      • puawhananga

    [Footnote] 1 Includes Bulbinella Rossii, which see.

    – 684 –
      • Clematis indivisa—cont.

      • clematis

      • entire-leaved clematis

      • native clematis

      • New Zealand clematis

      • traveller's joy

      • white clematis

    • Clematis parviflora:

      • akangakaukiore

      • ngakaukiore

      • pokopokonuiahura

    • Clianthus puniceus:

      • kowhai-ngutukaka

      • glory pea

      • kaka beak

      • kaka-bill

      • parrotbill

      • parrot's beak fuchsia

      • parrot's bill

      • parrot's-bill

      • red kowhai

      • red parrot's bill

      • scarlet clianthus

      • *(parrotsbill)

    • Colensoa physaloides:

      • *koru

      • oru

      • physalis-like colensoa

      • thin-leaved oru

    • Colocasia antiquorum:

      • *taro

      • Cultivated varieties—

      • akarewa

      • awanga

      • haukopa

      • kahuorangi

      • kakatarahae

      • kinakina

      • koareare

      • kohuorangi

      • kohurangi

      • makatiti

      • mamaku

      • matatiti

      • ngaue

      • ngongoro

      • paeangaanga

      • pakaue

      • patai

      • pehu

      • pongi

      • potango

      • takatakapo

      • tanae

      • taro-hoia (recently introduced)

      • tautamahei

      • tokotokohau

      • turitaka

      • upokotiketike

      • wairuaarangi

    • Convolvulus erubescens:

      • blushing convolvulus

      • common convolvulus

      • *(blush-convolvulus)

    • Coprosma:

      • coffee-bush

      • New Zealand coffee

      • *(Maori coffee)

    • Coprosma acerosa:

      • tarakupenga

      • tatarahake

      • tataraheke

      • acerose coprosma

      • dune coprosma

      • dune-coprosma

      • *sand-coprosma

    • Coprosma arborea:

      • mamangi

      • tree coprosma

      • tree-coprosma

      • tree karamu

    • Coprosma areolata:

      • areolate coprosma

      • thin-leaved coprosma

    • Coprosma Banksii:

      • Banks's coprosma

      • Coprosma Baueri See C. retusa.

    • Coprosma chathamica:

      • tree-karamu

    • Coprosma ciliata:

      • hairy coprosma

    • Coprosma Colensoi:

      • Colenso's coprosma

    • Coprosma crassifolia:

      • stiff-stemmed coprosma

    • Coprosma cuneata:

      • wedge-leaved coprosma

    • Coprosma depressa:

      • prostrate coprosma

    • Coprosma foetidissima:

      • hupirau-ririki

      • *hupiro

      • karamu

      • naupiro

      • pipiro

      • evil-smelling hupiro

      • evil-smelling karamu

      • foetid coprosma

      • luma-luma

      • sterile wood

      • stinkwood

    • Coprosma grandifolia:

      • *kanono

      • kapukiore

      • karamukueo

      • kawariki

      • kueo (= berries)

      • manono

      • papauma

      • patutiketike

      • raurakau

      • raurekau

      • tapatapauma

      • large-leaved coprosma

      • yellow wood

    • Coprosma linariifolia:

      • mikimik

      • narrow-leaved coprosma

      • yellow karamu

      • yellow wood

      • yellow-wood

    • Coprosma lucida:

      • kakaramu

      • karamu

      • karangu

      • patutiketike

      • broad-leaf

      • coffee tree

      • orange-leaf

      • shining coprosma

      • yellow-wood

    • Coprosma microcarpa:

      • small-fruited coprosma

    • Coprosma parviflora:

      • leafy coprosma

      • small-flowered coprosma

      • small-leaved coprosma

    • Coprosma Petriei:

      • Petrie's coprosma

      • turfy coprosma

    • Coprosma propinqua:

      • mingi

      • common coprosma

      • kindred coprosma

    • Coprosma ramulosa:

      • straggling coprosma

    • Coprosma repens:

      • alpine creeping coprosma

    • Coprosma retusa (Baueri):

      • angiangi

      • mamangi

      • naupata

      • *taupata

      • coastal coprosma

      • retuse coprosma

    – 685 –
    • Coprosma rhamnoides:

      • red-fruited coprosma

    • Coprosma robusta:

      • kakaramu

      • kakarangu

      • *karamu

      • karamuramu

      • karangu

      • common karamu

      • glossy coprosma

      • glossy karamu

      • red-berry

      • robust coprosma

    • Coprosma rotundifolia:

      • round-leaved coprosma

    • Coprosma rugosa:

      • heath-like coprosma

    • Coprosma tenuicaulis:

      • *hukihuki

      • slender coprosma

      • swamp-coprosma

    • Coprosma tenuifolia:

      • soft-leaved coprosma

    • Corallospartium crassicaule:

      • *coral-broom

      • sticks (of the shepherds)

    • Corallospartium racemosum: 1

      • coral-broom

    • Cordyline:

      • mahonge (= a cultivated variety)

      • tahanui (= a cultivated variety)

      • lily-wort

    • Cordyline australis:

      • houka (prob. kouka)

      • kauka

      • kouka (= tikouka)

      • kouka tarariki (= a narrow-leaved variety)

      • kouka wharanui (= a broad-leaved variety)

      • ti

      • ti-awe

      • ti-kauka

      • ti-kouka

      • ti-pua

      • ti-rakau

      • ti-whanake

      • whanake

      • asphodel

      • cabbage palm

      • Cordyline australis—cont.

      • cabbage-palm

      • cabbage tree

      • *cabbage-tree

      • dragon-tree

      • grass tree

      • *lily-palm

      • palm lily

      • palm-lily

      • palm tree

      • te tree

      • ti palm

      • ti-ti

      • ti tree

      • ti-tree

      • ti-tri

    • Cordyline Banksii:

      • hauora

      • kapu (= ti-kapu)

      • ti-kapu

      • *ti-ngahere

      • ti-parae

      • ti-torere

      • palm-lily

      • slender cabbage-tree

    • Cordyline indivisa:

      • ti-kapu

      • ti-kupenga

      • ti-matakutai

      • ti-toi

      • *toii

      • broad-leaf cabbage tree

      • *broad-leaved cabbage-tree

      • mountain cabbage-tree

      • mountain palm

    • Cordyline pumilio:

      • mauku

      • ti-awe

      • ti-kapu

      • ti-koraha

      • ti-kupenga

      • ti-papa

      • *ti-rauriki

      • *dwarf cabbage-tree

    • Cordyline terminalis:

      • *ti-pore

      • dwarf cabbage palm

      • Coriaria angustissima

      • annual herbaceous tutu

      • ground tutu

    • Coriaria lurida (thymi-folia):

      • tutuheuheu

      • tutupapa

      • Coriaria lucida (thymi-folia)—cont.

      • alpine tutu

      • ground tutu

      • mountain tutu

      • small ground tutu

      • thyme-leaved tute

      • *(thymy tutu)

    • Coriaria sarmentosa (rusci-folia):

      • huarua (= the seeds)

      • puhou

      • taweku

      • tupakihi

      • *tutu

      • common tute

      • elder-berry

      • ink-berry

      • ruscus-leaved coriaria

      • toot

      • toot plant

      • tree toot

      • tree tutu

      • tua-tutu

      • wine-berry shrub

      • Coriaria thymifolia. See C. lurida.

    • Corokia buddleoides: 2

      • korokio

      • *korokio-taranga

      • whakatata

      • buddleia-hke corokia

      • Corokia Cotoneaster

      • cotoneaster-like corokia

      • mountain-korokiu

      • wiry corokia

    • Corokia macrocarpa:

      • hokataka

      • whakatata

    • Corynocarpus laevigata:

      • *karaka

      • kopi

      • kopia (= kernels)

      • cracker

      • kopi-tree

      • kraka

      • laurel

      • New Zealand laurel

      • smooth corynocarpus

    • Coryanthes macrantha:

      • large-flowered corysan-thes

      • large-flowered spider-orchid

      • *silverback

    [Footnote] 1 Formely C. crassicaule var. racemosa.

    [Footnote] 2 The name Corokia is from Korokio, originally spelt korokia.

    – 686 –
    • Corysanthes rotundifolia:

      • round-leaved spider-orchid

    • Cotula atrata:

      • *black daisy

    • Cotula coronopifolia:

      • coronopus-leaved cotula

      • swamp cotula

      • swamp-cotula

      • water-buttons

      • *yellow-button

    • Cotula dioica:

      • salt-meadow cotula

      • *shore-cotula

    • Cotula Featherstonii:

      • mutton-bird plant

    • Cotula pyrethrifolia:

      • mountain-cotula

    • Cotula Traillii:

      • Stewart Island cotula

    • Crantzia lineata:

      • common crantzia

    • Craspedia minor:

      • small craspedia

    • Craspedia uniflora:

      • puatea

      • one-flowered craspedia

    • Crassula moschata:

      • shore stonecrop

      • *shore-stonecrop

    • Cuscuta densiflora:

      • dense-flowered cuscuta

    • Cyathea Cunninghamii:

      • ponga

      • punui

      • Cunningham's tree-fern

      • gully fern (gully-fern in MS.)

      • *gully-fern

      • ponja

    • Cyathea dealbata:

      • kaponga

      • katote

      • *ponga

      • bunga-bunga

      • bunger (or bunga)

      • silver king

      • silver-king

      • silver ponga

      • silver tree fern

      • *silver tree-fern

      • silvery tree-fern

      • white tree fern

    • Cyathea kermadecensis:

      • Kermadec tree-fern

    • Cyathea medullaris:

      • korau

      • *mamaku

      • mamuku

      • pitau

      • black-fern

      • black tree fern

      • *black tree-fern

    • Cyathea Milnei:

      • Milne's tree-fern

    • Cyathodes acerosa:

      • hukihukiraho

      • inakaporiro

      • inangaporiro

      • kukuku

      • miki

      • mikimiki

      • mingi

      • mingimingi

      • ngohungohu

      • patotara

      • *taumingi

      • totara

      • tumingi

      • prickly styphelia

      • pungent mingimingi

      • sharp-leaved heath

    • Cyathodes robusta:

      • *rutitira

      • Chatham mingimingi

    • Cyclophorus (Polypodium) serpens:

      • *creeper-fern

      • thick-leaved polypody

      • twining polypody

      • Cystopteris novae-zelandiae (fragilis)

      • bladder fern

      • *bladder-fern

      • brittle bladder fern

      • brittle bladder-fern

      • fragile bladder-fern

    • Dacrydium Bidwillii:

      • bog pine

      • bog-pine

      • mountain pine

      • *mountain-pine

      • tar-wood

    • Dacrydium biforme:

      • tar-wood

      • tarwood

      • *yellow pine

      • yellow-pine

    • Dacrydium Colensoi:

      • manoao

      • bog pine

      • golden pine

      • Hall's totara

      • *silver pine

      • silver-pine

      • tar-wood

      • Westland pine

      • Westland silver-pine

      • white silver pine

      • yellow pine

      • yellow-pine

    • Dacrydium cupressinum:

      • huarangi (= the fruit)

      • mapara (= the heart-wood)

      • ngapara (= the resinous heart-wood)

      • puaka

      • *rimu

      • black pine

      • drooping pine

      • giant rimu

      • New Zealand red pine

      • *red pine

      • red-pine

      • spruce fir

      • spruce tree

    • Dacrydium intermedium:

      • Hall's totara

      • mountain pine

      • yellow-pine

      • *yellow silver pine

      • yellow silver-pine

    • Dacrydium Kirkii:

      • *monoao

      • Kirk's pine

    • Dacrydium laxifolium:

      • rimu

      • dwarf-pine

      • loose-leaved dacrydium

      • mountain rimu

      • *pigmy pine

      • pygmy pine

    • Dacrydium pendulum (nomen nudum)—a variety of D. cupressinum:

      • weeping pine

    • Dactylanthus Taylori:

      • pua-o-te-reinga

      • *puareinga

    • Danthonia australis:

      • carpet-grass

      • *hassock-grass

      • wiry-leaved oat grass

    • Danthonia Buchanani:

      • Buchanan's oat grass

      • *desert-danthonia

    – 687 –
    • Danthonia crassiuscula:

      • alpine oat-grass

    • Danthonia Cunninghamii:

      • hunangamoho

      • toetoe-hunangamoho

      • Cunningham's snow-grass

      • small-flowered oat tussac grass

      • tussock oat-grass

    • Danthonia flavescens:

      • broad-leaved oat tussa grass

      • broad-leaved tussock oat-grass

      • broad-leaved snow-grass

      • snow grass

      • *(broad-leaved snowgrass)

    • Danthonia nuda:

      • naked oat grass

      • Thomson's naked oat grass

    • Danthonia pilosa:

      • hairy oat-grass

      • hard oat grass 1

      • purple-awned oat grass 1

      • *purple-awned oat-grass

      • racemed oat grass 1

    • Danthonia pungens:

      • bayonet-grass

      • *(needle-leaved oat-grass)

    • Danthonia Raoulii:

      • haumata

      • narrow-leaved oat tussac grass

      • red-tussock

      • snow-grass

      • *snowgrass

    • Danthonia Raoulii var. rubra:

      • red-tussock

      • *(red tussock)

    • Danthonia semiannularis:

      • alpine oat grass 2

      • common oat-grass

      • desert oat-grass

      • dwarf ring grass

      • New Zealand oat grass 2

      • sheep oat grass 2

    • Daucus brachiatus:

      • carrot

      • native carrot

      • wild carrot

      • *(Maori carrot)

      • Davallia novae zealandiae.

      • See Leptolepia.

    • Dawsonia superba:

      • *pahau-kakapo

      • *giant moss

    • Dendrobium Cunninghamii:

      • common dendrobe

      • Cunningham's dendrobium

    • Deschampsia caespitosa:

      • tufted hair grass

      • *tufted hair-grass

    • Deschampsia Chapmani:

      • southern hair-grass

    • Deschampsia tenella:

      • alpine whorl grass

      • *(alpine whorl-grass)

    • Desmoschoenus spiralis (Scirpus frondosus):

      • pinao

      • *pingao

      • sand-grass

      • yellow sand-sedge

      • Deyeuxia (Calamagrostis)

    • Deyeuxia avenoides:

      • oat-like bent grass

      • oat-like bent-grass

      • *(oat-bent)

    • Deyeuxia Billardieri:

      • Billardier's bent grass

      • sand bent-grass

      • *(sand-bent)

      • Deyeuxia filiformis. See Agrostis Forsteri.

      • Deyeuxia filiformis var. pilosa. See Agrostis pilosa.

      • Deyeuxia Forsteri. See Agrostis Forsteri.

    • Deyeuxia Petriei:

      • Australian bent grass

    • Deyeuxia quadriseta:

      • spiked bent grass

      • spiked bent-grass

      • spiked reed grass

      • *(spiked bent)

    • Deyeuxia setifolia:

      • alpine bent grass

      • alpine bent-grass

      • bog bent-grass

      • *(bog-bent)

    • Deyeuxia Youngii:

      • *Mount Cook bent

      • Young's bent grass

    • Dianella intermedia:

      • pepepe

      • piopio

      • *rena

      • turutu

      • blue berry

      • *blueberry

      • intermediate dianella

      • Dichelachne crinita

      • long-awned plume grass

      • long-haired plume-grass

      • long-hair plume grass

      • plume-grass

      • *(long-awned plume)

    • Dichelachne sciurea:

      • short-hair plume grass

      • *(short-awned plume)

    • Dichelachne stipoides:

      • wiry dichelachne

      • *(wiry plume)

    • Dichondra repens:

      • common dichondra

      • creeping dichondra

    • Dicksonia antarctica:

      • weki-ponga

      • southern Dicksonia

    • Dicksonia fibrosa:

      • karanuipaka

      • kuranuipaka

      • *kuripaka

      • punui

      • tukirunga

      • weki

      • wheki-kohunga

      • wheki-ponga

      • fibrous-stemmed tree-fern

      • fibrous tree-fern

      • golden punga

      • golden tree fern

      • sturdy tree-fern

      • woolly tree fern

      • *(golden tree-fern)

    [Footnote] 1 Three varieties of D. pilosa.

    [Footnote] 2 Three varieties of D. semiannularis.

    – 688 –
    • Dicksonia lanata:

      • stemless tree fern

      • stumpy tree fern

      • woolly Dicksonia

      • woolly tree-fern

      • *(stemless tree-fern)

    • Dicksonia squarrosa:

      • atewheki

      • pakue

      • pehiakura

      • tio

      • tuakura

      • tuokura

      • uruuruwhenua

      • weki

      • *wheki

      • hard tree fern

      • rough tree-fern

      • slender dicksonia

      • *slender tree-fern

    • Discaria toumatou:

      • karo

      • tumatakuri

      • tumatakuru

      • Irishman

      • matagowry

      • native thorn

      • New Zealand thorn

      • prickly thorn

      • scented thorn

      • wild Irishman

      • *wild-irishman

    • Dodonea viscosa:

      • ake

      • *akeake

      • akerautangi

      • black akeake

      • lignum vitæ

      • lignumvitæ

      • New Zealand lignum vitæ

      • viscid dodonea

    • Donatia novae-zelandiae:

      • *alpine donatia

      • common alpine donatia

      • common donatia

      • cushion-plant

      • New Zealand donatia

      • *(alpine cushion)

    • Doodia caudata:

      • mokemoke

      • mokimoki

      • *mukimuki

      • sacred-fern

      • *scented doodia

      • tailed doodia

    • Doodia media:

      • pukupuku

      • *large-leaved doodia

    • Dracophyllum arboreum:

      • *Chatham tree-heath

      • tree-heath

    • Dracophyllum latifolium:

      • emiemi

      • *neinei

      • taritari

      • taritariawha

      • broad-leaved grass-tree

      • grass tree

      • spider-wood

      • *spiderwood

    • Dracophyllum longifolium:

      • inaka

      • *inanga

      • grass tree

      • grass-tree

      • long-leaved grass-tree

      • long-leaved heath

      • native heath

      • needle-leaved heath

      • stunted inaka

    • Dracophyllum paludosum:

      • *bog-heath

      • swamp-heath

    • Dracophyllum Pearsoni:

      • Pearson's needle-leaved heath

    • Dracophyllum politum:

      • cushion-forming heath

    • Dracophyllum recurvum:

      • *red heath

    • Dracophyllum rosmarinifolium:

      • prostrate needle-leaved heath

    • Dracophyllum scoparium:

      • *fern-strangler

    • Dracophyllum strictum:

      • totorowhiti

    • Dracophyllum subulatum:

      • *monoao

    • Dracophyllum Traversii:

      • mountain neinei

      • *mountain-neinei

    • Dracophyllum uniflorum:

      • one-flowered grass-tree

      • turpentine-shrub

    • Dracophyllum Urvilleanum:

      • *wharekohu

      • common needle-leaved heath

      • grass-tree

      • northern needle-leaved heath

      • smaller grass-tree

    • Drapetes Dieffenbachii:

      • common drapetes

    • Drapetes Lyallii:

      • Lyall's drapetes

      • Drimys. See Wintera.

    • Drosera:

      • fly-catcher

      • *sundew

    • Drosera arcturi:

      • alpine sun-dew

      • *alpine sundew

      • forked sundew

    • Drosera auriculata:

      • *climbing sundew

      • ear-shaped drosera

      • field sundew

    • Drosera binata:

      • fern-flower

      • fly-catcher

      • forked-leaved sun-dew

      • old man's eyebrow

      • *scented sundew

      • strap-leaved sundew

      • twin-leaved drosera

    • Drosera pygmaea:

      • pygmy drosera

      • sun-dew

      • *(pigmy sundew)

    • Drosera spathulata:

      • spathulate-leaved drosera

      • spoon-leaved sun-dew

      • *spoon-leaved sundew

      • sun dew

    • Drosera stenopetala:

      • subantarctic sun-dew

      • Dryopteris (Nephrodium and part of Polypodium)

    • Dryopteris cordifolia:

      • ladder fern

      • sword-fern

      • *(ladder-fern)

    • Dryopteris decomposita:

      • common boss fern

      • *(common boss-fern)

    – 689 –
    • Dryopteris dentata (molle):

      • soft boss fern

      • soft buckler-fern

      • *(soft boss-fern)

    • Dryopteris glabella:

      • smooth boss fern

      • *smooth boss-fern

    • Dryopteris hispida:

      • hairy boss fern

      • hairy fern

      • hairy-fern

      • hairy-stemmed fern

      • hardy-stemmed fern

      • *(hairy boss-fern)

      • Dryopteris molle. See D. dentata.

    • Dryopteris pennigera:

      • pakau-roharoha

      • piupiu

      • feather-crowned polypody

      • *feather-fern

    • Dryopteris gongylodes (unitum):

      • rare boss fern

      • swamp fern

      • Dryopteris punctata. See Hypolepis punctata.

      • Dryopteris pustulata. See Polypodium pustulatum

    • Dryopteris Thelypteris var. squamulosa:

      • lady fern

      • marsh buckler-fern

      • marsh fern

      • swamp-fern

      • *(lady-fern)

      • Dryopteris unitum. See D. gongylodes.

    • Dryopteris velutina:

      • dirty fern

      • velvet boss fern

      • velvet fern

      • *(velvet-fern)

    • Durvillaea antarctica (utilis):

      • *rimurapa

      • *bull-kelp

      • kelp

    • Dysoxylum spectabile:

      • kohe

      • *kohekohe

      • kohepi (= the flowers)

      • maota

      • cedar

      • handsome dysoxylum

      • native cedar

      • New Zealand cedar

    • Earina autumnalis: 1

      • *raupeka

      • *fragrant earina

      • sweet-scented earina

    • Earina mucronata:

      • *pekaawaka

      • pointed-leaved earina

      • sharp-pointed earina

      • *(sharp-leaved earina)

      • Earina suaveolens. See E. autumnalis.

    • Echinopogon ovatus:

      • rough-bearded grass

      • Edwardsia. See Sophora tetraptera, footnote.

    • Elaeocarpus dentatus:

      • *hinau

      • pokaka

      • whinau

      • black hinau

      • bokako

      • toothed elæocarpus

    • Elaeocarpus Hookerianus:

      • hinau

      • mahimahi

      • *pokaka

      • whinaupuka

      • bocarro

      • bokaka

      • bokako

      • white hinau

    • Elaeocharis acuta:

      • Australian spike-rush

    • Elaeocharis Cunninghamii:

      • Australian spike-rush

      • slender spike-rush

      • spike rush

    • Elaeocharis sphacelata:

      • kutakuta

      • *ngawha

      • paopao

      • great spike-rush

      • tall spike-rush

    • Elatine americana:

      • American water wort

    • Elatine americana var. australiensis:

      • water-wort

    • Elatostema rugosum:

      • *parataniwha

      • native begonia

      • New Zealand begonia

      • wrinkled elatostema

      • *(begonia-fern)

    • Elytranthe (Loranthus) Colensoi:

      • *korukoru (= when in flower)

      • pirita

      • Colenso's mistletoe

      • scarlet-flowered mistletoe

      • *scarlet mistletoe

    • Elytranthe (Loranthus) flavidus:

      • *yellow mistletoe

      • Elytranthe tetrapetala (Loranthus Fieldii and L. tetrapetalis):

      • pikirangi

      • *pirirangi

      • four-petalled mistletoe

      • red mistletoe

      • *scarlet mistletoe

    • Enargea parviflora:

      • *nohi

      • puwatawata

      • forest snowberry

      • *forest-snowberry

      • marginate luzuriaga

      • snowberry

    • Entelea arborescens:

      • hauama

      • houama

      • *whau

      • whauama

      • whauma

    [Footnote] 1 Now includes also E. suaveolens.

    – 690 –
      • Entelea arborescens—cont.

      • cork tree

      • cork-wood

      • corkwood

      • native cork wood

      • native mulberry

      • New Zealand mulberry

      • shrubby entelea

      • *(Maori mulberry)

    • Epacris alpina:

      • *nehenehe

      • alpine epacris

    • Epacris pauciflora:

      • *tamingi

      • *bog-epacris

      • common New Zealand epacris

      • few-flowering epacris

      • native heath

    • Epilobium:

      • willow-herb

      • *(willowherb)

    • Epilobium Billardierianum:

      • red-stemmed willow-herb

    • Epilobium chionanthum:

      • pale-leaved willow-herb

    • Epilobium chloraefolium:

      • mountain willow-herb

    • Epilobium cinereum: 1

      • narrow-leaved willowherb

    • Epilobium crassum:

      • thick-leaved willow-herb

    • Epilobium erectum:

      • tall willowherb

    • Epilobium glabellum:

      • glossy-leaved willow-herb

    • Epilobium insulare:

      • creeping marsh willow-herb

      • Epilobium junceum. See E. cinereum.

    • Epilobium linnaeoides:

      • forest willow-herb

    • Epilobium macropus:

      • mountain water-willow-herb

    • Epilobium microphyllum:

      • papakoura

    • Epilobium neterioides:

      • wrinkled willow-herb

    • Epilobium neterioides var. minimum:

      • short-stemmed willowherb

    • Epilobium novae-zelandiae:

      • pale willow-herb

    • Epilobium nummularifolium:

      • creeping willow-herb

    • Epilobium pallidiflorum:

      • large white willow-herb

      • swamp willow-herb

      • *(swamp-willowherb)

    • Epilobium pedunculare:

      • long-stalked willow-herb

      • long-stemmed willowherb

    • Epilobium pictum:

      • variegated willow-herb

    • Epilobium pubens:

      • soft-leaved willow-herb

    • Epilobium rotundifolium:

      • round-leaved willow-herb

    • Erechtites arguta:

      • *woolly fireweed

    • Erechtites diversifolia:

      • Petrie's fireweed

    • Erechtites glabrescens:

      • Kirk's fireweed

    • Erechtites prenathoides:

      • common fireweed

      • native groundsel

      • prenanthes-like erechtites

    • Erechtites quadridentata:

      • *pekapeka

      • *white fireweed

    • Erechtites scaberula:

      • scabrid fireweed

      • °Erigeron canadensis

      • haka

      • kaingarua

      • porerarua

      • pouhawaiki

      • Canadian flea-bane

    • Eryngium vesiculosum:

      • Australian sea-holly

      • eryngo

      • sea holly

      • *(sea-holly)

      • small sea-holly

      • vesiculate eryngium

    • Eugenia maire:

      • mairetawake

      • *mairetawhake

      • puka

      • tuhuhi

      • whawhakou

      • *black maire

      • red-fruited maire

    • Euphorbia glauca:

      • waiuatua (= spirit-milk)

      • waiu-o-Kahukura (= milk of Kahukura)

      • caper spurge

      • glaucous euphorbia

      • New Zealand spurge

      • spurgewort

      • sun spurge

      • *(Maori spurge)

    • Euphrasia Cockayniana:

      • eyebright

      • *yellow eyebright

    • Euphrasia cuneata:

      • tutaekiore

      • *tutumako

      • eye-bright

      • tall eye-bright

    • Euphrasia Dyeri:

      • Dyer's eye-bright

    • Euphrasia Monroi:

      • *alpine eyebright

      • eyebright

    • Euphrasia repens:

      • shore-eyebright

      • snowy eye-bright

      • *(snowy eyebright)

    • Euphrasia tricolor:

      • North Island eyebright

      • *(three-hued eyebright)

    • Euphrasia zelandica:

      • antarctic eyebright

      • eye-bright

      • New Zealand eyebright

      • small eyebright

      • *(Maori eyebright)

    [Footnote] 1 Now includes also E. junceum.

    – 691 –
    • Festuca Coxii:

      • Chatham Island fescue

      • *(Chatham fescue)

    • Festuca littoralis:

      • *hinarepe

      • matiatia

      • matihetihe

      • pouaka

      • *sand-fescue

      • sand fescue-grass

      • sandhill-fescue

      • sandhill fescue-grass

      • sand tussock-grass

    • Festuca ovina var. novae-zelandiae:

      • New Zealand sheep's fescue

    • Festuca multinodis:

      • drooping-fescue

      • *(drooping fescue)

    • Festuca novae-zelandiae:

      • *fescue-tussock

      • hard fescue grass

      • hard tussock

      • hard-tussock

      • tussock-fescue

    • °Festuca rubra:

      • *red fescue

    • Forstera sedifolia:

      • common forstera

    • Forstera sedifolia var. oculata:

      • large-flowered forstera

    • Freycinetia Banksii:

      • *kiekie

      • patangatanga (= the fruit)

      • peia

      • tarapapa (= the flowers)

      • tawhara (= the flowers)

      • teure (= the fruit)

      • tirori (= the fruit)

      • ureure (= the fruit)

      • boa

      • geigei

      • giegie

      • gigi

      • native screw-pine

      • New Zealand screw-pine

      • New Zealand's pine-apple

      • wild pine-apple

      • *(Maori screw-pine)

    • Fuchsia Colensoi:

      • Colenso's fuchsia

      • shrubby fuchsia

      • *shrub-fuchsia

      • slender fuchsia

    • Fuchsia excorticata:

      • hona (= the fruit)

      • kohutuhutu

      • *kotukutuku

      • konini (= the fruit)

      • mati (= the fruit)

      • takawa (= the fruit)

      • bucket-of-water wood

      • fuchsia

      • fuchsia tree

      • fuchsia-tree

      • konini tree

      • native fuchsia

      • New Zealand fuchsia

      • tree fuchsia

      • *tree-fuchsia

    • Fuchsia procumbens:

      • creeping fuchsia

      • prostrate fuchsia

      • *shore-fuchsia

    • Funaria hygrometrica:

      • *warua

      • Fusanus Cunninghamii. See Mida salicifolia.

    • Gahnia:

      • mapere

      • *(cutting grass)

    • Gahnia gahniaefolia:

      • cutting grass

    • Gahnia lacera:

      • *tarangarara

      • toetoe-kiwi

      • toetoe-tarangarara

      • cutting grass

    • Gahnia pauciflora:

      • cutting-grass

    • Gahnia procera:

      • South Island gahnia

    • Gahnia xanthocarpa:

      • cutting grass

      • cutting-grass

      • giant cutting-sedge

      • *giant gahnia

      • sedge

    • Gaimardia ciliata:

      • *bog-cushion

      • bog pincushion

      • bog-pincushion

    • Galium:

      • *bedstraw

    • Galium tenuicaule:

      • bed straw

    • Galium umbrosum:

      • *mawe

      • New Zealand bed-straw

      • *(Maori bedstraw)

    • Gastrodia Cunninghamii:

      • *huperei

      • maukuuku

      • para (= tuber used as food)

      • perei

      • uhiperei

      • Cunningham's gastrodia

    • Gaultheria antipoda:

      • koropuka

      • papapa

      • takapo

      • *taupuku

      • tawiniwini

      • chuckie chucks (= the fruit)

      • erect snowberry

      • native heath

      • snow berry

      • snow-berry

      • *snowberry

    • Gaultheria depressa:

      • *mountain-snowberry

    • Gaultheria oppositifolia:

      • kama

      • *niniwa

      • waiuatua

    • Gaultheria perplexd:

      • narrow-leaved snowberry

      • *wiry snowberry

    • Gaultheria rupestris:

      • snow berry

      • snowberry

      • *(vale-lily snowberry)

    • Gaya Lyallii: 1

      • hohere (prob. houhere)

      • whauwhau

      • whauwhi

      • giant-flowered southern lacebark

      • lace bark

      • lace-bark

      • lacebark

      • large-flowered ribbonwood

      • mountain ribbon-wood

      • mountain ribbonwood

      • *mountain-ribbonwood

      • ribbon tree

    • Gaya ribifolia:

      • hoary mountain-ribbon-wood

    [Footnote] 1 Now includes also Plagianthus Lyallii.

    – 692 –
    • Geniostoma ligustrifolium:

      • hangehange

      • * hengahenga

      • pahengahenga

      • papa

      • papahenga

      • whangewhange

      • New Zealand privet

      • privet-leaved geniostoma

      • * (Maori privet)

    • Gentiana bellidifolia:

      • common mountain-gentian

      • common New Zealand gentian

      • * mountain-gentian

    • Gentiana cerina:

      • * waxy gentian

    • Gentiana chathamica:

      • * Chatham gentian

      • gentian

    • Gentiana corymbifera:

      • mountain gentian

      • * snow-gentian

      • stupid gentian (hardly a name)

    • Gentiana Griesbachii:

      • common New Zealand

      • gentian

      • March-flowering gentian

      • small New Zealand gentian

    • Gentiana lineata:

      • *tiny gentian

    • Gentiana montana:

      • gentian

    • Gentiana saxosa:

      • coastal gentian

      • gentian of the rocks

      • *shore-gentian

      • white gentian

      • white shore-gentian

    • Gentiana Townsoni:

      • * bog-gentian

      • white bog-gentian

    • Geranium:

      • crane's bill

      • cranes'-bill

      • * cranesbill

    • Geranium dissectum:

      • * matuakumara

      • pinakitere

      • white carrot

      • Geranium dissectum var. australe. See G. pilo-sum.

    • Geranium microphyllum:

      • native geranium

      • slender cranesbill

      • slender geranium

      • small-leaved crane's-bill

      • *small-leaved cranesbill

    • Geranium molle:

      • *namunamu

      • Geranium pilosum (dissectum var. australe):

      • * cut-leaved geranium

    • Geranium sessiliflorum var. glabrum:

      • * short-flowered crane's-bill

      • * short-flowered cranesbill

    • Geranium Traversii:

      • * Chatham cranesbill

      • Chatham Island cranes-bill

    • Geum parviflorum:

      • avens

    • Geum uniflorum:

      • * alpine avens

    • Geum urbanum var. strictum (urbanum):

      • kopata

      • kowhai

      • common avens

      • herb bennett

    • Gleichenia alpina:

      • alpine tangle-fern

      • alpine umbrella fern

      • *alpine umbrella-fern

      • mountain umbrella-fern

    • Gleichenia circinata:

      • mataua-rarauke

      • matuku

      • waewaekaka

      • waewaekotuku

      • waewaematuku

      • climbing umbrella-fern

      • curved tangle-fern

      • scrambling umbrella fern

      • scrambling umbrella-fern

      • tangle-fern

      • * (cranesfoot) (= waewae-kotuku)

    • Gleichenia Cunninghamii:

      • rarauheriki

      • tapuwae-kotuku

      • * waekura

      • * bush umbrella-fern

      • umbrella fern

      • umbrella-fern

    • Gleichenia dicarpa:

      • rarauhe

      • bog umbrella fern

      • climbing umbrella-fern

      • woolly tangle-fern

      • swamp fern

      • swamp umbrella fern

      • tangle-fern

    • Gleichenia dichotoma:

      • forked umbrella-fern

    • Gleichenia flabellata:

      • fan fern

      • * fan-fern

      • fan-leaved fern

      • fan-like umbrella fern

      • fan umbrella fern

    • Glossostigma elatinoides:

      • elatine-like glossostigma

    • Gnaphalium:

      • everlasting

      • * (cudweed)

    • Gnaphalium collinum:

      • hill cudweed

      • * (hill-cudweed)

    • Gnaphalium japonicum:

      • Japanese cudweed

    • Gnaphalium keriense:

      • puatea

      • river daisy

      • * (river-daisy)

    • Gnaphalium luteo-album:

      • pukatea

      • common cudweed

      • white cudweed

      • yellowish-white gnaphalium

      • * (flannel-leaf)

    • Gnaphalium Lyallii:

      • * rock-cudweed

    • Gnaphalium paludosum:

      • marsh cudweed

      • * (marsh-cudweed)

    • Gnaphalium purpureum:

      • purple cudweed

    – 693 –
    • Gnaphalium trinerve:

      • * three-nerved cudweed

    • Griselinia littoralis:

      • kapuka

      • maihiihi

      • * papauma

      • paraparauma

      • tapatapauma

      • broad leaf

      • broad-leaf

      • * broadleaf

      • New Zealand laurel

    • Griselinia lucida:

      • * puka

      • broad leaf

      • broadleaf

      • large broadleaf

      • shining broadleaf

      • * (greater broadleaf)

    • Gunnera albocarpa:

      • white-fruited gunnera

    • Gunnera arenaria:

      • * sand-gunnera

    • Gunnera dentata:

      • red-fruited gunnera

    • Gunnera Hamiltonii:

      • Southland gunnera

    • Gunnera monoica:

      • solitary gunnera

    • Gunnera prorepens:

      • crceping gunnera

      • creeping-gunnera

    • Gymnogramme leptophylla:

      • Jersey-fern

      • * Jersey fern

    • Gymnogramme rutaefolia:

      • alpine rue-leaved fern

      • rue-leaved fern

      • * (rue-fern)

    • Haastia pulvinaris:

      • cushion-like haastia

      • vegetable sheep

      • * (giant vegetable-sheep)

    • Halorrhagis alata:

      • toatoa

    • Halorrhagis erecta:

      • toatoa

      • erect haloragis

      • tall haloragis

    • Halorrhagis incana:

      • piripiri

      • heath haloragis.

    • Halorrhagis micrantha:

      • piripiri

      • marsh haloragis

    • Halorrhagis procumbens (tetragyna):

      • piripiri

    • Hebe (Veronica) amabilis var. blanda:

      • large-flowered veronica

    • Hebe (Veronica) annulata:

      • * rock-koromiko

    • Hebe (Veronica) brevirace-mosa:

      • * Kermadec koromiko

    • Hebe (Veronica) buxifolia:

      • box-leaved koromiko

      • New Zealand box

      • * (box-koromiko)

    • Hebe (Veronica) buxifolia var. odora:

      • box-leaved veronica

      • New Zealand box

      • * (globe-koromiko)

    • Hebe (Veronica) buxifolia var. prostrata:

      • prostrate New Zealand box

    • Hebe (Veronica) cupres-soides:

      • * cypress-koromiko

    • Hebe (Veronica) diosmae-folia:

      • aute

      • heath-veronica

      • shrubby speedwell

      • * (heath-koromiko)

      • Hebe (Veronica) elliptica:

      • coastal veronica

      • * shore-koromiko

      • speedwell

    • Hebe (Veronica) epacridea:

      • epacris-like veronica

      • trailing-veronica

      • * (trailing-koromiko)

    • Hebe (Veronica) haustraia:

      • * scoop-leaved koromiko

    • Hebe (Veronica) Hulkeana:

      • New Zealand lilac

      • * (lilac-koromiko)

    • Hebe (Veronica) Laingii:

      • Laing's whipcord veronica

      • Hebe (Veronica) Lavaudi-and:

      • Lavaud's veronica

    • Hebe (Veronica) leiophylla:

      • smooth-leaved koromiko

      • Hebe (Veronica) linifolia T

      • wet-rock koromiko:

    • Hebe (Veronica) lycopodioides:

      • common whipcord koromiko

      • lycopodium-like veronica-whipcord veronica

      • * (whipcord-koromiko)

    • Hebe (Veronica) monticola:

      • mountain-loving veronica

      • * (mountain-koromiko)

    • Hebe (Veronica) parviflora:

      • kokomuka-taranga

      • koromiko-taranga

    • Hebe (Veronica) salicifolia:

      • kokomuka

      • kokoromiko

      • kokoromuka

      • koromiko

      • koromuka

      • common koromiko

      • common veronica

      • New Zealand willow

      • willow-leaved veronica

      • * (willow-koromiko)

      • Hebe (Veronica) salicifolia var. Atkinsonii:

      • Cook Strait koromiko

    • Hebe (Veronica) speciosa:

      • * napuka

      • titirangi

      • handsome veronica

    • Hebe (Veronica) subalpina:

      • subalpine koromiko

    • Hebe (Veronica) tetragona:

      • pumice whipcord koromiko

      • square-stemmed veronica

      • whipcord koromiko

    – 694 –
    • Hebe (Veronica) tetrasticha:

      • semi-whipcord koromiko

    • Hebe (Veronica) Traversii:

      • Travers's veronica

    • Hectorella caespitosa:

      • tufted hectorella

    • Hedycarya arborea:

      • kaiwhiria

      • poporokaiwhiri

      • * porokaiwhiria

      • pigeon-wood

      • * pigeonwood

      • tree-like hedycarya

    • Helichrysum bellidioides:

      • false edelweiss

      • mountain daisy

      • mountain-daisy

      • native everlasting

    • Helichrysum coralloides:

      • coral-shrub

    • Helichrysum filicaule:

      • slender everlasting

    • Helichrysum glomeratum:

      • niniao

    • Helichrysum Selago:

      • selago-like everlasting

    • Hemitelia Smithii:

      • katote

      • neineikura

      • *whe

      • green tree-fern

      • pale-leaved tree-fern

      • Smith's tree-fern

      • soft-leaved tree-fern

      • soft tree fern

      • * soft tree-fern

    • Herpolirion novae-zelandiae:

      • * grass-lily

      • ground-lily

      • New Zealand herpolirion

      • pale-blue grass-lily

    • Hibiscus trionum:

      • New Zealand hibiscus

      • *starry hibiscus

    • Hierochloe Fraseri:

      • alpine holy grass

      • *alpine holy-grass

      • holy grass

      • Hierochloe redolens:

      • *karetu

      • broad-leaved cattle grass

      • cutting grass

      • holy grass

      • holy-grass

      • scented grass

      • sweet-scented holy grass

      • sweet-scented sacred grass

      • sweet-scented swamp grass

      • sweet-scented vernal grass

      • sweet vernal grass

      • *(sweet vernal)

    • Hirneola auricula-Judae:

      • Jew's-ear fungus

      • *(ear-fungus)

    • Hirneola polytricha:

      • hakeka

      • hakekakeka

      • hakeke

      • hakekeke

      • hokeke

      • keka

      • kekeke

      • paheke

      • tarawhata

      • taringakuri

      • tarumga-o-Tiakiwai

    • Histiopteris (Pteris in part) incisa:

      • matata

      • cut-leaved bracken

      • green fern

      • toothed-leaf bracken

      • water fern

      • *water-fern

    • Hoheria angustifolia:

      • houhipuruhi

      • lacebark

      • *narrow-leaved lacebark

    • Hoheria populnea: 1

      • hoherie (prob. houhere)

      • hoihere

      • *houhere

      • houhi

      • houi

      • hungere (= small-leafed variety)

      • whauwhi

      • lace-bark

      • lace-bark

      • *lacebark

      • Hoheria populnea—cont.

      • lace wood

      • New Zealand orange-blossom

      • poplar-like ribbon-wood

      • ribbon wood

      • ribbon-wood

      • ribbonwood

      • thousand-jacket

      • thousand jackets

    • Hoheria sexstylosa:

      • *long-leaved lacebark

    • Hydrocotyle americana:

      • American marsh-pennywort

    • Hydrocotyle asiatica: See Centleta uniflora.

    • Hydrocotyle dissecta:

      • cut-leaved marsh pennywort

    • Hydrocotyle elongata:

      • long-stemmed marsh-pennywort

    • Hydrocotyle microphylla:

      • small-leaved marsh-pennywort

    • Hydrocotyle moschata:

      • sharp-toothed marsh-pennywort

    • Hydrocotyle novae zelandiae:

      • New Zealand hydrocotyle

      • New Zealand marsh pennywort

      • New Zealand marsh-pennywort

      • *(Maori marsh-pennywort)

    • Hymenanthera chathamica:

      • mahoe

      • *Chatham mahoe

    • Hymenanthera crassifolia:

      • thick-leaved hymenan-thera

    • Hymenophyllum:

      • mauku

      • filmy-ferns

      • *(filmy fern)

    • Hymenophyllum Arm-strongii: 2

    • Armstrong's fern

    [Footnote] 1 Popularly these names are given indifferently to all the species of Hoheria, not only to N. populnea, which is the rarest of them all.

    [Footnote] 2 Now includes H. Cheesemanir.

    – 695 –
    • Hymenophyllum atrovirens:

      • mountain broad-leaved filmy fern

    • Hymenophyllum australe:

      • crisped filmy fern.

      • Java fern

    • Hymenophyllum bivalve:

      • two-valved filmy fern

    • Hymenophyllum Cheese-manii: 1

      • Cheeseman's fern

      • Cheeseman's filmy fern

    • Hymenophyllum ciliatum:

      • fringed filmy fern

    • Hymenophyllum demissum:

      • *irirangi

      • piripiri

      • carpet fern

      • *carpet-fern

      • drooping filmy fern

    • Hymenophyllum dilatatum:

      • irirangi

      • *matuamauku

      • broad-leaved filmy fern

    • Hymenophyllum ferrugin-eum:

      • rusty filmy fern

    • Hymenophyllum flabella turn:

      • fan-leaved filmy fern

    • Hymenophyllum Malingii:

      • Maling's fern

      • silver filmy fern

      • silvery filmy fern

    • Hymenophyllum minimum:

      • little filmy fern

    • Hymenophyllum mulitifidum:

      • sharp-toothed filmy fern

    • Hymenophyllum peltatum:

      • one-sided fern

      • Hymenophyllum polyan-thos. See H. sanguino-lentum.

    • Hymenophyllum pulcherrimum:

      • beautiful filmy fern

      • tufted filmy fern

    • Hymenophyllum rarum:

      • thin-leaved filmy fern

    • Hymenophyllum rufescens:

      • Field's fern

      • reddish filmy fern

    • Hymenophyllum sanguino-lentum:2

      • piripiri

      • scented filmy fern

    • Hymenophyllum scabrum:

      • rough-stalked filmy fern

    • Hymenophyllum tunbridg-ense:

      • *Tunbridge fern

      • Tunbridge-fern

      • Tunbridge filmy fern

    • Hymenophyllum villosum:

      • alpine filmy fern

      • Colenso's filmy fern

    • Hypericum gramineum:

      St.

      John's wort

    • Hypericum japonicum:

      • Japanese St. John's wort

    • Hypnum clandestinum:

      • *wheuwheu

    • Hypolaena lateriflora:

      • *wire-rush

    • Hypolepis distans:

      • brown hypolepis

    • Hypolepis Millefolium:

      • thousand leaves

      • *thousand-leaves

    • Hypolepis (Dryopteris) punctata:

      • hairy polypody

      • sticky-fern

    • Hypolepis tenuifolia:

      • thin-leaved hypolepis

      • Ileodictyon cibarium. See Clathrus cibarius.

    • Ipomoea batatas:

      • *kumara

      • Cultivated varieties—anurangi

      • hamo

      • Ipomoea batatas—cont.

      • Cultivated varieties—ctd.

      • hawere

      • hitara

      • huiupoko

      • hutihuti

      • ihupuku

      • kaikaka

      • kairorowhare

      • kakatarahae

      • kanawa

      • katoto

      • kauto

      • kautowhau

      • kawakawa

      • kawakawa-tawhiti

      • kawau

      • kengo

      • kiokiorangi

      • kirikaraka

      • kokorangi

      • konehu

      • kongungu (= small tubers)

      • koreherehe

      • kurarangi

      • makakauri

      • makururangi

      • makutu

      • maomao

      • mapua

      • maramawhiti

      • marere (used in Maori “pure” ceremony)

      • matakauri

      • matawaiwai

      • mengirangi

      • moii

      • monenehu

      • ngakaukuri

      • ngakomoa

      • paea

      • panahi

      • pane

      • papahaoa

      • parakaraka

      • paretaua

      • patea

      • pauaatahu

      • pehu

      • pipiko-kauhangaroa

      • pohutukawa

      • pokerekahu

      • poranga

      • puatahoe

      • punuiarata

      • purata

      • raumataki

      • tanehurangi

      • taputini

      • taratamata

      • taurap

      • tetereia

    [Footnote] 1 Name not now recognized; included in H. Armstrongii.

    [Footnote] 2 Includes H. polyanthos.

    – 696 –
      • Ipomoea batatas—cont.

      • Cultivated varietie—ctd.

      • toikahikatea

      • toitoi

      • toroamahoe

      • torowhenua

      • tukou

      • tutaetara

      • tutanga

      • tutuhanga

      • ururangi

      • waiha

      • waina

      • waniwani

      • weni

      • whakakumu

    • Ipomoea palmata:

      • panahi

      • powhiwhi

    • Isachne australis:

      • equal-glumed millet

    • Isotes alpinus:

      • alpine quillwort

    • Isotes Kirkii:

      • *quillwort

    • Ixerba brexioides:

      • *tawari

      • whakou (= the flowers)

      • brexia-like ixerba

      • teddywood

    • Jovellana repens:

      • creeping New Zealand calceolaria

    • Jovellana Sinclairii:

      • New Zealand calceolaria

      • Sinclair's calceolaria

      • upright calceolaria

      • wild calceolaria

      • *(Maori calceolaria)

    • Juncus antarcticus:

      • *antarctic rush

    • Juncus effusus:

      • wi

      • wiwi

    • Juncus bufonius:

      • *toad-rush

    • Juncus lampocarpus:

      • *jointed rush

    • Juncus maritimus var. australiensis:

      • wiwi

      • Australian sea-rush

      • rush

      • *sea-rush

    • Juncus novae-zelandiae:

      • *alpine rush

      • rush

    • Juncus pallidus:

      • *giant rush

    • Juncus pauciflorus:

      • *slender rush

    • Juncus planifolius:

      • *flat-leaved rush

    • Juncus polyanthemos:

      • wi

      • wiwi

      • common rush

      • rush

    • Juncus scfieiuerioidea:

      • rush

    • Knightia excelsa:

      • *rewarewa

      • honey-suckle

      • native honey-suckle

      • New Zealand honeysuckle

      • river river

      • ruva-ruva

      • *(Maori honeysuckle)

    • Koeleria Kurtzii:

      • crested hair grass

      • *(crested hair-grass)

    • Lagenaria vulgaris:

      • *hue

      • pahau (= cultivated variety)

      • paretarakihi (= cultivated variety)

      • wenewene (= cultivated variety)

      • whangai-rangatira (= cultivated variety)

      • calabash

      • *gourd

    • Lagenophora Forsteri: 1

      • native daisy

    • Lagenophora lanata:

      • hairy native daisy

    • Lagenophora petiolata:

      • *parani

      • native daisy

      • New Zealand daisy

      • slender New Zealand daisy

    • Lagenophora pumila:

      • *papataniwhaniwha

      • Forster's lagenophora

      • native daisy

      • New Zealand daisy

      • slender New Zealand daisy

      • *(Maori daisy)

    • Lagenophora Thomsoni:

      • Thomson's daisy

    • Laurelia novae-zelandiae:

      • *pukatea

      • buckerteer

      • bukitea

    • Lemna minor:

      • karearea

      • duck weed

      • duck-weed

      • duckweed

      • floating duckweed

    • Lepidium oleraceum var. acutidentatum:

      • eketara

      • *nau

      • *Cook's scurvy-grass

      • scurvy weed

    • Lepidium sisymbrioides:

      • *pepperwort

    • Lepidium tenuicaule:

      • *shore-cress

    • Leptocarpus simplex:

      • *oioi

      • coastal jomted rush

      • jointed rush

      • red rush

      • yellow rush

      • *(gold-rush)

    • Leptolepia novae-zealand-iae: 2

      • common davallia

      • Leptopteris (Todea)

    [Footnote] 1 Name not now recognized; included in L. pumila.

    [Footnote] 2 Formerly Davallia.

    – 697 –
    • Leptopteris hymenophyl-loides:

      • heruheru

      • mauku

      • rarauhe

      • filmy todea

      • *single Prince of Wales feather

      • single crape fern

      • single crape-fern

      • single crepe fern

    • Leptopteris superba:

      • heruheru

      • huruhuru-o-nga-waewae-o-Paoa

      • ngutukakariki

      • ngutungutu

      • ngutungutukiwi

      • punui

      • tete

      • chenille fern

      • crape fern

      • crape-fern

      • double crape fern

      • double crape-fern

      • double velvet fern

      • glory of the west

      • hot-water fern

      • king's fern

      • moss fern

      • *Prince of Wales feather

      • Prince of Wales' feather

      • Prince of Wales's feather

      • royal fern

      • velvet fern

    • Leptospermum Chapmanii:

      • pink-flowered manuka

      • red-flowered manuka

    • Leptospermum ericoides:

      • *kanuka

      • kopuka

      • manuka-rauriki

      • maru

      • rauwiri

      • bush manuka

      • heath-like manuka

      • red-manuka

      • scrub manuka

      • small-leaved manuka

      • tea tree

      • tea-tree

      • teatree

      • ti tree

      • tree manuka

      • *tree-manuka

      • white manuka

      • white tea-tree

    • Leptospermum Nichollsii: 1

      • crimson-flowered manuka

      • *crimson manuka

    • Leptospermum scoparium:

      • kahikatoa

      • kaitatoa

      • katoa

      • *manuka

      • pata

      • piamanuka (=mannalike exudation)

      • rauwiri

      • gadoa

      • heath

      • manuka broom

      • red manuka

      • red tea-tree

      • tea plant

      • tea tree

      • ti tree

      • ti-tree

      • titree

      • tree manuka

    • Leucogenes (Helichrysum) grandiceps:

      • edelweiss

      • New Zealand edelweiss

      • South Island edelweiss

    • Leucogenes Leontopodium:

      • New Zealand edelweiss

      • North Island edelweiss

      • *(Maori edelweiss)

    • Leucopogon fasciculatus:

      • hukihukiraho

      • kaikaiatua

      • mingi

      • mingimingi

      • ngohungohu

      • tumingi

      • bundle-flowered leucopogon

      • tall bearded heath

      • tall mingimingi

    • Leucopogon Fraseri:

      • patotara

      • totara

      • totarapapa

      • totaraparae

      • totaratahuna

      • dwarf bearded heath

      • *dwarf heath

      • Frazer's leucopogon

      • Leucopogon Fraseri—cont-heath

      • native heath

      • prickly heath

      • pungent heath

      • sharp-leaved heath

      • small sharp-leaved heath

    • Libertia grandifolia:

      • turntu

      • large-flowered libertia

    • Libertia ixioides:

      • mangahuripapa

      • *milkoikoi

      • tukauki

      • turutu

      • common libertia

      • ixix-like libertia

      • native iris

      • *(ixia-libertia)

    • Libertia pulchella:

      • forest libertia

      • *(forest-libertia)

      • Libocedrus Biduillii

      • *pahautea

      • Bidwill's libocedrus

      • cedar

      • incense cedar

      • kawaka cedar

      • mountain cedar

      • mountain cedar

      • native cedar

      • native cypress

      • New Zealand cypress

      • silver pine

    • Libocedrus Doniana:

      • kahikawaka

      • kaikawaka

      • *kawaka

      • mokopiko

      • totara-kiri-kotukutuku

      • bastard totara

      • cedar

      • cypress

      • New Zealand arbor vitae

      • New Zealand arbor-vitae

      • New Zealand cedar

      • New Zealand cypress

    • Ligusticum. See Anisotome.

    • Lindsaya cuneata (L. micro-phylla and L. trichomanoides):

      • broad-leaved lindsaya

      • small-leaved lindsaya

    [Footnote] 1 This is purely a garden plant. The one wild plant discovered with crimson flowers was transplanted but died. From it seed were saved; when sown one crimson-flowered plant was produced, and cuttings from it have given rise to the plants known as L. Nichollsii.

    – 698 –
    • Lindsaya linearis:

      • narrow-leaved lindsaya

      • narrow lindsaya

      • Lindsaya microphylla. See L. cuneata.

      • Lindsaya trichomanoides. See L. cuneata.

    • Lindsaya viridis:

      • green lindsaya

    • Linum monogynum:

      • kaho

      • matamatahuia

      • nao

      • *rauhuia

      • flax

      • native flax

      • perennial flax

      • true New Zealand flax

      • white flax

      • white-flowered flax

      • *(tinker-bell)

    • Litsaea calicaris:

      • *mangeao

      • punui

      • tangeao

      • tangeo

    • Lobelia anceps:

      • common New Zealand

      • lobelia

      • doubtful lobelia

      • *shore-lobelia

    • Lobelia Roughii:

      • fleshy-leaved lobelia

      • Lomaria. See Blechnum.

    • Loranthus:

      • native mistletoe

      • *(Maori mistletoe)

      • Loranthus Colensoi. See Elytranthe Colensoi.

      • Loranthus flavidus. See Elytranthe flavidus.

    • Loranthus micranthus:

      • common mistletoe

      • common New Zealand mistletoe

      • loranth

      • mistletoe

      • small-flowered mistletoe

      • Loranthus tetrapetalis. See Elytranthe tetrapetala.

    • Loxsoma Cunninghamii:

      • loxsoma fern

      • *silver-green fern

    • Luzula campestris:

      • *wood-rush

      • Luzula Traversii (racemosa):

      • wood-rush

      • Luzuriaga. See Enargea.

    • Lycopodium:

      • *club-mosses

    • Lycopodium Billardieri:

      • *iwituna

      • whiri-o-Raukatauri

      • hanging club-moss

      • pendulous club-moss

      • pendulous lycopodium

    • Lycopodium cernuum:

      • creeping club-moss

    • Lycopodium densum:

      • puakarimu

      • waewaekoukou

      • tree club-moss

    • Lycopodium Drummondii:

      • Australian club-moss

    • Lycopodium fastigiatum:

      • alpine club-moss

      • small mountain club-moss

    • Lycopodium laterale:

      • bog club-moss

    • Lycopodium ramulosum:

      • club-moss

      • matted club-moss

    • Lycopodium scariosum:

      • creeping club-moss

      • mountain club-moss

    • Lycopodium Selago:

      • fir club-moss

    • Lycopodium varium:

      • nodding club-moss

    • Lycopodium volubile:

      • waekahu

      • waewaekoukou

      • antler fern

      • climbing club-moss

      • giant lycopodium

      • *(antler-fern)

    • Lygodium articulatum:

      • makaka

      • *mangemange

      • mangi mangi

      • mounga

      • tarikupenga

      • climbing fern

      • climbing-fern

      • climbing flowering fern

      • *flowering fern

      • twining string fern

    • Macropiper excelsum:

      • kawa

      • *kawakawa

      • takawa (= the fruit)

      • lofty pepper

      • native pepper

      • pepper tree

      • tall pepper-tree

      • true pepper

    • Marattia fraxinea:

      • mouku

      • *para

      • parareka

      • paratawhiti

      • uwhipara

      • ash-leaf fern

      • horseshoe fern

      • horse-shoe fern

      • king fern

      • king-fern

      • *(horseshoe-fern)

    • Mariscus ustulatus:

      • toetoe

      • toetoe-upokotangata

      • toetoe-whatumanu

      • upokotangata

      • cutting-grass

      • cutting toe-toe

      • mariscus-sedge

    • Mazus pumilio:

      • dwarf false musk

      • dwarf mazus

    • Melicope simplex:

      • *poataniwha

      • simple-leaved melicope

    • Melicope ternata:

      • houkumara

      • koheriki

      • tataka

      • *wharangi

      • wharangipiro

      • lemon-wood

      • ternate-leaved melicope

    – 699 –
    • Melicytus lanceolatus:

      • kaiweta

      • *mahoewao

      • taranga

      • lance-leaved whitewood

      • narrow-leaved hinehine

    • Melicytus macrophyllus:

      • large-leaved whitewood

    • Melicytus micranthus:

      • *manakura

      • twiggy whitewood

    • Melicytus ramiflorus:

      • hinahina

      • inihina (prob. inaina)

      • *mahoe

      • moeahu

      • branch-flowered melicytus

      • cowleaf

      • cow-tree

      • white-wood

      • *whitewood

      • whiteywood

    • Mentha Cunninghamii:

      • hioi

      • mokimoki

      • mint

      • native mint

      • New Zealand mint

      • *(Maori mint)

    • Meryta Sinclairii:

      • puka

      • cabbage-tree

      • *(paddle-leaf)

    • Mesembryanthemum:

      • pig-face

    • Mesembryanthemum australe:

      • *horokaka

      • ngarangara

      • ruerueke

      • fig marigold

      • fig-marigold

      • fig-marygold

      • ice-plant

      • native ice-plant

      • New Zealand ice-plant

      • pig-face

      • pig's face

      • pig's-face

      • pigs-face

      • pigsface

      • pigs' faces

      • Mesembryanthemum australe—cont.

      • pink-flowered mesembry-anthemum

      • southern mesembryan-themum

      • *(Maori ice-plant)

    • Mesembryanthemum edule:

      • *Hottentot fig

    • Metrosideros:

      • rata-vine

    • Metrosideros albiflora:

      • *akatea

      • white climbing rata

      • white climbing-rata

      • white-flowered rata

      • white-flowering rata

      • white rata

    • Metrosideros Colensoi:

      • hairy climbing-rata

    • Metrosideros diffusa:

      • *akakura

      • crimson climbing-rata

      • Metrosideros florida. See M. scandens (florida).

    • Metrosideros hypericifolia:

      • common climbing-rata

      • hypericum-leaved rata

      • iron wood

      • slender climbing white

      • rata

      • slender climbing white

      • rata

      • white climing rata

      • white rata

    • Metrosideros lucida:

      • rata

      • ironbark

      • iron wood

      • iron-wood

      • ironwood

      • mountain rata

      • mountain-rata

      • native teak

      • northern rata

      • shining rata

      • shrub rata

      • southern ironbark

      • Southern Island rata

      • southern rata

      • stunted southern rata

    • Metrosideros perforata (scandens):

      • aka

      • *aka-torotoro

      • koro

      • torotoro

      • whakapiopio

      • box rata

      • climbing rata

      • climbing white rata

      • clinging climbing-rata

      • myrtle

      • round-leaved climbing rata

      • small-leaved climbing rata

      • white rata

    • Metrosideros robusta:

      • rata

      • female pohutukawa

      • inland pohutukawa

      • ironwood

      • New Zealand oak-elm

      • northern rata

      • North Island rata

      • parasite-myrtle

      • rattar

      • red tree rata

      • Metrosideros scandens.1 See M. perforata.

    • Metrosideros scandens (florida):

      • aka

      • aka-kura

      • *aka-tawhiwhi

      • amaru

      • kahikahika

      • pua-tawhiwhi

      • rata

      • rata-piki

      • whakatangitangi

      • climbing red rata

      • florid rata

      • flowery rata

      • giant rata

      • large-leaved climbing

      • rata

      • rata vine

      • red climbing-rata

      • scarlet climbing-rata

      • vegetable boa-constrictor

    • Metrosideros scandens (florida) var. aurata:

      • golden rata

    [Footnote] 1 The original M. scandens is now M. perforata, and the contemporary M. florida is now M. scandens. This change has inextricably confused the application of the popular names—an application hitherto so lucid.

    – 700 –
    • Metrosideros tomentosa:

      • hutukawa

      • *pohutukawa

      • Christmas flower

      • *Christmas tree

      • Christmas-tree

      • downy ironheart

      • downy rata

      • New Zealand ash

      • New Zealand Christmas tree

    • Metrosideros villosa:

      • Kermadec pohutukawa

      • small-leaved pohutukawa

    • Microlaena avenacea:

      • bush oat-grass

      • bush rice grass

      • *bush rice-grass

      • forest rice-grass

    • Microlaena polynoda:

      • knot-jointed rice grass

      • *knotted rice-grass

      • native bamboo

    • Microlaena stipoides:

      • patiti

      • meadow rice grass

      • *meadow rice-grass

    • Microtis porrifolia:

      • onion-leaved microtis

      • *onion-leaved orchid

    • Microtis unifolia:

      • maikaika

      • onion-leaved orchid

    • Mida salicifolia (Fusanus Cunninghamii):

      • maire

      • maire taiki

      • *taiko

      • Cunningham's sandal-wood

      • native sandalwood

      • New Zealand sandal-wood

      • New Zealand sandalwood

      • sandal-wood

      • *(Maori sandalwood)

    • Mimulus repens:

      • large monkey-flower

      • musk

      • New Zealand musk

      • *(Maori musk)

    • Montia fontana:

      • water blink

      • water chickweed

      • *water-chickweed

    • Muehlenbeckia:

      • *wiggybush

    • Muehlenbeckia adpressa:1

      • black vine

      • climbing lignum

      • close-fitting muehlen-beckia

    • Muehlenbeckia Astoni:

      • shrubby pohuehue

    • Muehlenbeckia australis:2

      • puka

      • broad-leaved puhepuhe

      • large-leaved pohuehue

      • Maori-vine

      • willow plant

    • Muehlenbeckia axillaris:

      • axillary-flowered mühlen-beckia

      • creeping-pohuehue

    • Muehlenbeckia complexa:

      • *pohuehue

      • tororaro

      • waekahu

      • clasping mühlenbeckia

      • slender muehlenbeckia

    • Myoporum laetum:

      • *ngaio

      • gnaio

      • gnais

      • native laurel

      • wild mangrove

    • Myosotidium hortensia (nobile):

      • kopukapuka

      • kopakopa

      • Chatham Island lily

      • Chatham Islands lily

      • Chatham-Islands lily

      • giant forget-me-not

      • Macquarie cabbage

      • *(Chatham forget-me-not)

    • Myosotis albida:

      • coast forget-me-not

      • shore forget-me-not

      • white forget-me-not

    • Myosotis australis:

      • *yellow forget-me-not

    • Myosotis capitata:

      • capitate forget-me-not

    • Myosotis Forsteri:

      • forget-me-not

      • Forster's forget-me-not

    • Myosotis macrantha:

      • bronze forget-me-not

    • Myosotis pygmaea var. Traillii:

      • forget-me-not

      • small-flowered forget-me-not

    • Myosotis saxatilis:

      • rock forget-me-not

    • Myosotis spathulata:

      • forget-me-not

      • spathulate-leaved myosotis

      • spoon-leaved forget-me-not

    • Myosotis Traversii:

      • mountain forget-me-not

    • Myosurus novae-zealandiae (aristatus):

      • *bearded mousetail

    • Myriophyllum:

      • *water-milfoil

    • Myriophyllum elatinoides:

      • common water-milfoil

      • elatine-like myriophyllum

      • native water milfoil

      • water milfoil

      • water-milfoil

    • Myriophyllum robustum:

      • stout water-milfoil

    • Myriophyllum Votschii:

      • small water-milfoil

      • Myrsine Urvillei. See Suttonia australis.

    [Footnote] 1 Name not now recognized; includeed in M. australis.

    [Footnote] 2 Now includes M. adpressa.

    – 701 –
    • Myrtus bullata:

      • *ramarama

      • blistered-leaved myrtle

      • bush myrtle

      • embossed myrtle

      • ironwood

      • myrtle

      • native myrtle

      • New Zealand myrtle

      • rum-a-rum

    • Myrtus obcordata:

      • *rohutu

      • tuhuhi

      • ironwood

      • mouse ear

      • myrtle

      • native myrtle

      • obcordate-leaved myrtle

    • Myrtus pedunculata:

      • rohutu

      • pedunculate myrtle

      • small-leaved myrtle

    • x Myrtus Ralphii:

      • small-leaved ramarama

    • Myxomycetes:

      • *slime-fungi

      • Nasturtium. See Radicula.

      • Nephrodium. See Dryopteris.

    • Nertera depressa:

      • fruiting duckweed

      • oblate-berried nertera

    • Nertera dichondraefolia:

      • dichondra-leaved nertera

    • Nothochlaena distans:

      • hairy cloak fern

      • woolly cloak fern

      • woolly cloak-fern

    • Nothofagus:

      • beech

      • southern-beech

      • *(Maori beech)

    • Nothofagus apiculata:

      • pointed-leaved beech

    • x Nothofagus Blairii:

      • Blair's beech

    • Nothofagus cliffortioides:

      • tawhai-rauriki

      • black birch

      • black-birch

      • cliffortia-like beech

      • mountain beech

      • *mountain-beech

      • mountain birch

      • mountain southern-beech

      • white birch

      • white-birch

    • Nothofagus fusca:

      • hutu

      • hututawai

      • tawai

      • tawhai

      • tawhai-raunui

      • black beech

      • black birch

      • blackpine

      • bull birch

      • dusky beech

      • large leaved birch

      • red beech

      • *red-beech

      • red birch

      • red-birch

      • red kamai

      • red southern-beech

      • tall red southern-beech

      • tooth-leaved beech

    • Nothofagus Menziesii:

      • tawai

      • tawhai

      • beech

      • brown birch

      • clinker birch

      • Menzie's beech

      • native beech

      • red birch

      • round-leaved beech

      • silver beech

      • *silver-beech

      • silver birch

      • silver southern-beech

      • white birch

      • white-birch

      • white kamai

    • Nothofagus Solandri:

      • tawai-rauriki

      • tawhai

      • tawhai-rauriki

      • black beech

      • *black-beech

      • black birch

      • black-heart birch

      • black southern-beech

      • brown birch

      • entire-leaved beech

      • red birch

      • Nothofagus Solandri—cont.

      • silver-birch

      • Solander's beech

      • white beech

      • white birch

      • yellow birch

    • Nothofagus truncata:

      • *clinker-beech

    • Nothopanax anomalum:

      • wawaupaku

      • anomalous nothopanax

      • shrubby panax

      • supra-divaricating whau-whaupaku

    • Nothopanax arboreum:

      • houhou

      • parapara

      • *puahou

      • whauwhau

      • whaupaku

      • whauwhaupaku

      • black ash

      • common ivy-tree

      • five-finger

      • five-fingered Jack

      • *ivy-tree

      • shittimwood

    • Nothopanax Colensoi:

      • *orihou

      • Colenso's nothopanax

      • gum tree

      • ivy tree

      • ivy-tree

      • *mountain ivy-tree

      • mountain panax

      • New Zealand gum tree

    • Nothopanax Edgerleyi:

      • haumangoroa

      • houmangaroa

      • homanoroa (prob. houmanoroa)

      • koare

      • koareare

      • *raukawa

      • rauraua

      • Edgerley's nothopanax

      • Edgerley's panax

      • lemon-wood

      • orange wood

      • *orange-wood

    • Nothopanax lineare:

      • narrow-leaved nothopanax

    • x Nothopanax parvum:

      • small-leaved panax

    – 702 –
    • Nothopanax simplex:

      • *haumakoroa

      • haumangoroa

      • kaiwiria

      • simple-leaved nothopanax

      • simple-leaved panax

    • Nothopanax Sinclairii:

      • mountain panax

      • Sinclair's panax

      • Notospartium

    • Carmichaeliae:

      • pink broom

    • Notospartium torulosum:

      • New Zealand pink broom

    • Notothlaspi rosulatum:

      • pen-wiper plant

      • penwiper plant

      • *penwiper-plant

      • rosette-like notothlaspi

      • rosette plant

    • Olea:

      • New Zealand olive

      • *(Maori olive)

    • Olea apetala:

      • black maire

      • *broad-leaved maire

      • ironwood

      • New Zealand olive

    • Olea Cunninghamii:

      • *maire

      • maire-raunui

      • black maire

      • black-maire

      • cedar

      • marie

      • New Zealand

      • sandal-wood

      • white maire

      • Olea lanceolata

      • maire

      • maire raunui

      • black maire

      • *white maire

      • white-maire

      • Olea montana

      • maire kotae

      • maire roro

      • maire rauriki

      • *rororo

      • narrow leaved maire

      • narrow-leaved maire

    • Olearia:

      • daisy tree

      • *daisy-tree

      • tree-daisy

    • Olearia albida:

      • Auckland tree-daisy

    • Olearia angustifolia:

      • *teteaweka

      • daisy-tree

      • purple-flowered daisytree

    • Olearia arborcscens (nitida):

      • daisy-tree

      • glossy-leaved daisy-tree

      • glossy tree-daisy

      • shining olearia

      • Olearia avicenniaefolia

      • akeake

      • avicennia-leaved olearia

      • *mountain-akeake

    • Olearia chathamica:

      • *keketerehe

      • Chatham tree-daisy

      • *(Chatham daisy-tree)

    • Olearia Colensoi:

      • kumarahou

      • *tupare

      • Colenso's daisy-tree

      • common mountain treedaisy

      • large-leaved tree-daisy

      • mountain tree-daisy

      • musk-tree

      • mutton bird scrub

      • mutton-bird scrub

      • mutton-bird-wood

      • *mutton-wood

      • Olearia Cunninghamii. See O. rani.

    • Olearia cymbifolia:

      • boat-leaved tree-daisy

    • Olearia divaricata:

      • divaricate tree-daisy

      • stiff-branched daisy-tree

    • Olearia excorticata:

      • fuchsia-barked olearia

      • Olearia Forsteri. See O. paniculata.

    • Olearia fragrantissima:

      • fragrant tree-daisy

    • Olearia furfuracea:

      • *akepiro

      • kumara-kai-torouka

      • tanguru

      • wharangipiro

      • bran-like olearia

      • daisy-tree

    • Olearia Hectori:

      • thin-leaved tree-daisy

    • Olearia ilicifolia:

      • hakeke

      • holly-leaved olearia

      • *Maori holly

      • mountain-holly

      • native holly

      • New Zealand holly

      • Olearia insignis. See Pachystegia insignis.

    • Olearia lineata:1

      • twiggy tree-daisy

    • Olearia Lyallii:

      • tupari

      • antarctic tree-daisy

      • subantarctic tree-daisy

    • Olearia, macrodonta:

      • *arorangi

      • wharangikuria

      • false mountain-holly

      • false New Zealand holly

      • large-toothed olearia

      • native holly

    • Olearia moschata:

      • musky olearia

      • musky tree-daisy

      • *(musky daisy-tree)

    • Olearia nummularifolia:

      • hard-leaved tree-daisy

      • small-leaved tree-daisy

    • Olearia odorata:

      • odorous tree-daisy

    • Olearia operina:

      • tupari

    • Olearia paniculata (Forsteri):

      • akepirau

      • *akiraho

    [Footnote] 1 Now includes O. virgata var. lineata.

    – 703 –
      • Olearia paniculata (Forsteri)—cont.

      • Forster's daisy-tree

      • Forster's olearia

      • golden akeake

      • golden-akeake

      • rock-akeake

      • yellow akeake

    • Olearia rani (Cunninghamii):

      • akewharangi

      • *heketara

      • ngungu

      • taraheke

      • wharangipiro

      • forest daisy-tree

    • Olearia semidentata:

      • hangatare

      • *makora

      • Chatham Island aster

      • purple-flowered tree-daisy

      • purple tree-daisy

      • toothed olearia

    • Olearia Solandri:

      • coastal daisy-tree

    • x Olearia Traillii:

      • Traill's daisy-tree

    • Olearia Traversii:

      • akeake

      • bastard sandal-wood tree

      • bastard sandalwood tree

      • *Chatham akeake

      • Chatham Island akeake

      • sandalwood

      • silver akeake

    • Olearia virgata:

      • swamp tree-daisy

      • twiggy daisy-tree

      • twiggy olearia

      • *(swamp daisy-tree)

    • Olearia virgata var. lineata:1

      • slender daisy-tree

    • Ophioglossum:

      • adder's-tongue

    • Ophioglossum coriaceum:

      • adder's-tongue

    • Ophioglossum lusitanicum:

      • large adder's tongue

      • little adder's tongue

      • little adder's-tongue

      • narrow adder's tongue

      • narrow-leaved adder's

      • tongue

    • Ophioglsosum vulgatum:

      • adders' tongue

      • adder's tongue fern

      • adder's-tongue fern

      • common adder's tongue

      • *(adders-tongue)

    • Oplismenus undulatifolius:

      • slender panic-grass

      • slender panick grass

    • Oreobolus pectinatus:

      • common oreobolus

    • Oreobolus strictus:

      • narrow-leaved oreobolus

    • Orthoceras Solandri:

      • *ikaika

      • Solander's orthoceras

    • Orthoceras strictum:

      • maikaika

      • *mamaika

      • para (=tuber used as food)

      • paratawhiti

    • Ourisia caespitosa:

      • creeping mountain-foxglove

      • creeping ourisia

      • tufted ourisia

    • Ourisia Colensoi:

      • Colenso's ourisia

    • Ourisia glandulosa:

      • glandular ourisia

    • Ourisia macrocarpa:

      • snowy mountain-foxglove

    • Ourisia macrophylla:

      • hue-o-Raukatauri

      • alpine foxglove

      • large-leaved ourisia

      • *mountain-foxglove

      • mountain primula

      • Mount Egmont primula

    • Ourisia modesta:

      • tiny ourisia

    • Ourisia prorepens:

      • Petrie's ourisia

    • Ourisia sessilifolia:

      • hairy ourisia

    • Oxalis corniculata:

      • creeping yellow wood-sorrel

      • horned oxalis

      • wood-sorrel

      • *yellow oxalis

    • Oxalis lactea (magellanica):

      • tutaekaahu

      • Magellan's oxalis

      • sorrelwood

      • *white oxalis

      • white sorrel

      • wood-sorrel

    • Pachycladon novae-zelandiae:

      • New Zealand pachycladon

    • Pachystegia (Olearia) insignis:

      • mountain daisy

      • remarkable olearia

      • rock tree-daisy

      • *(rock daisy-tree)

    • Paesia (Pteris) scaberula:

      • matata

      • carpet fern

      • hard fern

      • lace fern

      • lace-fern

      • *rough bracken

      • scented fern

      • slender bracken

    • Paratrophis Banksi:2

      • coast milk-tree

    • Paratrophis heterophylla:

      • ewekuri

      • pukariao

      • towai

      • *turepo

    • Paratrophis microphylla:

      • milk tree

      • *milk-tree

      • milk-wood

      • milkwood

    • Paratrophis opaca:3

      • *large-leaved, milk-tree

    [Footnote] 1 Name not now recognized; included in O. lineata.

    [Footnote] 2 Name not now recognized; included in P. opaca.

    [Footnote] 3 Now includes P. Banksi.

    – 704 –
    • Paratrophis Smithii:

      • *Three Kings milk-tree

    • Parietaria debilis:

      • pellitory

      • weak-stemmed parietaria

    • Parsonsia capsularis:

      • akakaikiore

      • *akakiore

      • kaiku

      • kaiwhiria

      • totoroene

      • capsulate parsonsia

      • rosy New Zealand jasmine

      • small-flowered New Zealand jasmine

    • Parsonsia capsularis var. rosea:

      • pink New Zealand jasmine

      • *(pink akakiore)

    • Parsonsia heterophylla:

      • akakaikiore

      • *kaihua

      • kaiku

      • kaiwhiria

      • tawhiwhi

      • New Zealand jasmine

      • varied-leaved parsonsia

      • *(Maori jasmine)

    • Paspalum distichum:

      • *sea-side millet

    • Paspalum scrobitulatum:

      • tarakoi

      • *taranui

      • tuhui

      • ditch millet

      • *(ditch-millet)

      • Passiflora. See Tetra-pathaea.

    • Pelargonium australe:

      • kopata

      • pukupuku

    • Pellaea falcata:

      • hook-leaved black fern

    • Pellaea rotundifolia:

      • tarawera

      • round-leaved fern

    • Pennantia corymbosa:

      • hine-kaikomako

      • kahikomako

      • *kaikomako

      • bridal tree

      • corymbose pennantia

      • *maori fire

      • ribbon-wood

      • ribbonwood

      • smutwood

    • Pentachondra pumila:

      • little mountain-heath

    • Peperomia Urvilleana:

      • D'Urville's peperomia

    • Persoonia toru:

      • mihimihi

      • toro

      • *toru

    • Phebalium nudum:

      • *mairehau

      • maireire

      • aromatic-leaved maireire

      • naked phebalium

    • Phormium Colensoi (Cookianum):1

      • korari-tuauru

      • *wharariki

      • hill flax

      • *hill-flax

      • mountain flax

      • mountain flax

      • New Zealand flax

    • Phormium tenax:

      • *harakeke

      • harapere

      • harareke

      • kauhangaroa

      • korari (=flower-stalk)

      • kurawaka (=seed-capsule)

      • Varieties—

      • aoanga (variegated)

      • aohanga (variegated)

      • aorangi (striped)

      • atemango

      • ateraukawa

      • atewheke

      • awanga (variegated)

      • hurahura-hika

      • maomao

      • oue

      • parekoritawa (variegated)

      • paritaniwha

      • pikoko

      • potango

      • rataroa

      • Phormium tenax—cont.

      • Varieties—cont.

      • rerehape

      • rongotainui

      • rukutia

      • taiore

      • takirikau (strong-fibred varieties)

      • taneawai (bronzy foliage)

      • tapoto (strong-fibred varieties)

      • taroa

      • tihore (very strong fibre)

      • tika (ordinary varieties)

      • wharanui

      • flag

      • *flax

      • flax lily

      • flax-lily

      • hemp

      • koradi

      • native flax

      • native hemp

      • New Zealand flax

      • New-Zealand flax

      • New Zealand flax-plant

      • *(Maori flax)

    • Phyllachne clavigera:

      • club-leaved phyllachne

    • Phyllachne Colensoi:

      • Colenso's phyllachne

      • common phyllachne

    • Phyllocladus alpinus:

      • alpine celery pine

      • alpine celery-pine

      • celery-leaved pine

      • celery pine

      • celery topped pine

      • celery-topped pine

      • mountain celery pine

      • mountain celery-pine

      • mountain toatoa

      • mountain-toatoa

      • mountain totoa

      • New Zealand hickory pitch pine

      • *(alpine toatoa)

    • Phyllocladus glaucus:

      • *toatoa

      • celery-pine

    • Phyllocladus trichomanoides:

      • ahotea

      • niko

      • *tanekaha

      • tawaiwai

      • toatoa

    [Footnote] 1P. Cookianum is now included in P. tenax.

    – 705 –
      • Phyllocladus trichomanoides—cont.

      • celery-leaved pine

      • celery-pine

      • celery-topped pine

      • celery top pine

      • New Zealand pitch pine

      • pitch pine

    • Pimelea arenaria:

      • aute-taranga

      • *aute-tauranga

      • toroheke

      • *sand-pimelea

    • Pimelea buxifolia:

      • box-leaved pimelea

      • Pimelea laevigata. See P. prostrata.

    • Pimelea longifolia:

      • koromiko-taranga

      • *taranga

      • long-leaved pimelea

      • New Zealand daphne

      • *(Maori daphne)

    • Pimelea Lyallii:

      • Lyall's pimelea

    • Pimelea prostrata (laevigata):

      • *pinatoro

      • wharengarara

      • common pimelea

      • creeping pimelea

      • native thyme

      • smooth pimelea

      • Strathmore weed (?)

    • Pimelea virgata:

      • twiggy pimelea

      • Piper excelsum. See Macro piper).

    • Pisonia Brunoniana:

      • *parapara

      • puhaureroa

      • puwhaureroa

      • bird-catcher

      • bird-catcher plant

      • bird catching plant

      • *bird-catching-plant

    • Pittosporum Colensoi:

      • rautawhiri

      • black mapau

      • Colenso's pittosporum

      • maple

    • Pittosporum cornifolium:

      • karo

      • *tawhirikaro

      • wharewhareatua

      • cornel-leaved pittosporum

      • perching-kohuhu

      • straggling pittosporum

    • Pittosporum crassifolium:

      • kaikaro

      • *karo

      • kihihi

      • thick-leaved pittosporum

      • turpentine tree

    • Pittosporum eugenioides:

      • kihihi

      • *tarata

      • black mapau

      • citron

      • eugenia-like pittosporum

      • lemon matipo

      • lemon-tree

      • lemon wood

      • lemon-wood

      • *lemonwood

      • maple

      • mapu

      • New Zealand oak

      • turpentine

      • turpentine tree

      • white mapau

      • white maple

    • Pittosporum Fairchildii:

      • *Three Kings karo

    • Pittosporum Kirkii:

      • Kirk's pittosporum

      • thick-leaved kohuhu

    • Pittosporum obcordatum:

      • cohou-cohou

      • obcordate-leaved pittosporum

      • small-leaved kohuhu

    • Pittosporum Ralphii:

      • Ralph's pittosporum

    • Pittosporum rigidum:

      • shrubby pittosporum

      • weeping-matipo

    • Pittosporum tenuifolium:

      • kaikaro

      • *kohuhu

      • kohukohu

      • koihu

      • kowhiwhi

      • mapauriki

      • powhiri

      • rautawhiri

      • Pittosporum tenuifolium—cont.

      • tawhiri

      • tawhiwhi

      • black birch

      • black mapau

      • black maple

      • black mapou

      • bucket-of-water-wood

      • maple

      • silver birch

      • small-leaved tarata

      • thin-leaved pittosporum

      • turpentine tree

    • Pittosporum tenuifolium var. variegata:

      • silver matipo

      • *(silvery kohuhu)

    • Pittosporum umbellatum:

      • *haekaro

    • Plagianthus betulinus:

      • houi

      • *manatu

      • whauwhi

      • birch-like ribbon-wood

      • lace-bark tree

      • lacebark

      • lowland ribbonwood

      • ribbon tree

      • ribbon-tree

      • ribbon wood

      • ribbon-wood

      • ribbonwood

      • South Island ribbon wood

      • *(lowland-ribbonwood)

    • Plagianthus chathamicus:

      • *Chatham ribbonwood

    • X Plagianthus cymosus:

      • hybrid ribbonwood

    • Plagianthus divaricatus:

      • makaka

      • runa

      • salt-marsh ribbonwood

      • shrubby ribbonwood

      • wide-branched ribbonwood

    • Plagianthus Lyallii:1

      • alpine ribbonwood

      • lace bark

      • lace-bark

      • lace bark tree

      • mountain ribbonwood

      • ribbon-scrub

      • ribbon wood

      • West Coast ribbonwood

      • wild cherry

    [Footnote] 1 Name not now recognized; included in Gaya. Lyallii.

    – 706 –
    • Plantago:

      • parerarera

    • Plantago Brownii:

      • Brown's plantain

    • Plantago Hamiltonii:

      • glossy plantain

    • Plantago lanigera:

      • plantain

    • Plantago Raoulii:

      • kopakopa

      • common New Zealand plantain

      • New Zealand plantain

      • Raoul's plantain

      • *(Maori plantain)

    • Plantago spathulata:

      • kauparerarera

    • Pleurophyllum criniferum:

      • hairy pleurophyllum

    • Pleurophyllum speciosum:

      • handsome pleurophyllum

      • *(goblet-aster)

    • Poa acicularifolia:

      • needle-leaved poa

    • Poa anceps:

      • broad-leaved poa

      • nodding plumed poa

    • Poa anceps var. breviculmis:

      • hard short-stemmed poa

    • Poa anceps var. debilis:

      • slender poa

    • Poa anceps var. densiflora:

      • dense-flowered poa

    • Poa anceps var. elata:

      • nodding plumed poa

    • Poa Astoni:

      • seashore poa

    • Poa breviglumis:

      • short-glumed poa

    • Poa caespitosa:

      • wi

      • common tussock-grass

      • silver-tussock

      • tussac poa

      • tussock

      • tussock grass

      • yellow tussock

      • *(silver tussock)

    • Poa chathamica:

      • *bog-poa

    • Poa Colensoi:

      • *blue tussock

      • blue-tussock

      • blue tussock-grass

      • Colenso's poa

    • Poa exigua:

      • little poa

    • Poa foliosa:

      • Auckland Islands poa1

      • large-flowered poa1

      • minute poa1

      • short-flowered meadow grass

      • southern islands poa

      • *tussock-grass

    • Poa imbecilla:

      • weak poa

      • weak-stemmed poa

    • Poa intermedia (Colensoi var. intermedia.):

      • mountain tussock grass small tussac poa

    • Poa Kirkii:

      • Kirk's poa

    • Poa Kirkii var. Mackayi:

      • brown mountain poa

    • Poa Lindsayi:

      • brown-flowered poa

    • Poa litorosa:

      • poa-like fescue

    • Poa novae-zealandiae:

      • large flowered poa

      • large-flowered poa

    • Poa pusilla:

      • minute creeping poa

      • slender poa

    • Poa pygmaea:

      • dwarf poa

    • Poa sclerophylla:

      • white-flowered poa

    • Poa uniflora:

      • one-flowered poa

    • Podocarpus acutifolius:

      • acute-leaved totara

      • sharp-leaved totara

    • Podocarpus dacrydioides:

      • kahika

      • *kahikatea

      • kaikatea (prob. kahikatea)

      • kapara (= the resin)

      • katea

      • koroi (= the fruit)

      • mapara (= the heartwood)

      • dacrydium-like podocarpus

      • swamp pine

      • white pine

      • white-pine

      • yellow pine

    • Podocarpus ferrugineus:

      • *miro

      • toromiro

      • black pine

      • black-pine

      • rusty podocarpus

    • Podocarpus Hallii:

      • alpine totara

      • *fuchsia-barked totara

      • large-leaved totara

      • thin-bark totara

      • mountain-totara

      • thin-barked totara

    • Podocarpus nivalis:

      • tauhinu

      • alpine totara

      • creeping totara

      • mountain totara

      • *mountain-totara

    • Podocarpus spicatus:

      • kai

      • kakai (= the young form)

      • mai

      • *matai

      • black pine

      • black-pine

      • black rue

      • black rue pine

      • red pine

      • spiked podocarpus

    • Podocarpus totara:

      • amoka

      • mauri (= dark-coloured timber)

      • *totara

      • tuanui (= a variety)

    [Footnote] 1 Given as three varieties in Buchanan's Indigenous Grasses of New Zealand.

    – 707 –
      • Podocarpus totara—cont.

      • fir

      • mahogany pine

      • mahogany-pine

      • New Zealand mahogany pine

      • New Zealand yew

      • red pine

      • totara pine

      • totarro

    • Polygonum aviculare:

      • makakaka

    • Polygonum serrulatum:

      • *tutunawai

      • water persicaria

      • Polypodium Billardieri1

      • hound's tongue

      • narrow-leaved polypody

      • *hounds-tongue

    • Polypodium dictyopteris (Cunninghamii):

      • Cunningham's polypody

    • Polypodium diversifolium:2

      • kowaowao

      • *maratata

      • paraharaha

      • raumanga

      • Billardier's polypody

      • *climbing polypody

      • climbing-polypody

      • common climbing polypody

      • common climbing-polypody

      • common polypody

      • narrow-leaved polypody

    • Polypodium grammitidis:

      • saw-edged polypody

    • Polypodium novae-zealandiae:

      • giant polypody

    • Polypodium pumilum:

      • dwarf polypody

    • Polypodium pustulatum:

    • (Dryopteris pustulata):

      • mokimoki

      • scented polypody

      • fragrant-fern

      • Polypodium. See also Dryopteris.

    • Polystichum:

      • shield fern

      • *(shield-fern)

    • Polystichum aculeatum:3

      • puniu

    • Polystichum adiantiforme:

      • climbing shield fern

      • thick-leaved shield fern

      • thick-leaved shield-fern

    • Polystichum aristatum:4

      • awned shield fern

    • Polystichum cystostegium:

      • alpine fern

      • alpine shield fern

      • alpine shield-fern

      • Egmont fern

      • snow shield fern

    • Polystichum oculatum:5

      • long-stalked shield fern

      • spotted shield fern

      • *(argus shield-fern)

    • Polystichum Richardi:6

      • pikopiko

      • *pipiko

      • tutoke

      • black shield fern

      • black shield-fern

      • hard shield-fern

      • Richards' shield fern

    • Polystichum vestitum:7

      • prickly shield fern

      • prickly shield-fern

    • Polytrichum dendroides:

      • tree-moss

    • Pomaderris apetala:

      • nonokia

      • *tainui

      • ti mi

    • Pomaderris Edgerleyi:

      • kumarahou

    • Pomaderris elliptica:

      • kumarahou

      • papapa

      • dwarf tainui

      • elliptical-leaved pomaderris

      • yellow tainui

    • Pomaderris phylicaefolia:

      • taihinu

      • *tauhinu

      • cotton wood

      • heath-like pomaderris

      • heath-like tainui

      • phylica-leaved pomaderris

    • Potamogeton:

      • pond-weed

      • *pondweed

    • Potamogeton Cheesemanii:

      • *manihi

      • rerewai

      • Cheeseman's pond-weed

      • common New Zealand

      • pondweed

      • common pond-weed

      • *(Maori pondweed)

    • Potamogeton natans:

      • manihi

      • *rerewai

      • pond weed

      • pond-weed

    • Potamogeton polygonifolius:

      • persicaria-leaved pond-weed

    • Potentilla anserina:

      • silver-weed

      • Potentilla anserina var.

    • anserinoides:

      • *kowhaikura

      • *silverweed

    • Pratia angulata:

      • *panakenake

      • common pratia

      • creeping pratia

      • creeping-pratia

    • Pratia arenaria:

      • big-fruited pratia

    • Pseudopanax chathamicum:

      • hoho (prob. houhou)

      • *Chatham lancewood

    • Pseudopanax crassifolium:

      • hohoeka

      • *horoeka

      • koeka

      • kokoeka

    [Footnote] 1 Name not now recognized; included in P. diversifolium.

    [Footnote] 2 Now includes also P. Billardieri.

    [Footnote] 3 Name not now recognized; included in P. vestitum.

    [Footnote] 4 Name not now recognized; included in P. Richardi.

    [Footnote] 5 Name not now recognized; included in P. Richardi.

    [Footnote] 6 Now includes also P. aristatum and P. oculatum.

    [Footnote] 7 Now includes also P. aculaetum.

    – 708 –
      • ohoeka

      • tara-a-Maui (= trifoliate variety)

      • fish-bone tree

      • grass tree

      • grass-tree

      • ivy tree

      • lance-wood

      • *lancewood

      • thick-leaved lancewood

      • umbrella tree

    • Pseudopanax discolor:

      • bronze panax

    • Pseudopanax ferox:

      • savage lancewood

      • *toothed lancewood

      • toothed-leaved lancewood

    • Pseudopanax Lessonii:

      • houmapara

      • *houpara

      • houparapara

      • oho

      • parapara

      • whauwhau

      • northern lancewood

      • shore panax

    • Pseudopanax lineare:

      • mountain lancewood

      • true lancewood

    • Pleridium esculentum (Pteris aquilina var. esculenta):

      • aruhe (= the rhizome)

      • kakaka (= the stem)

      • koeata (= the young shoots)

      • komeke (= the rhizome prepared for eating)

      • mahunu (= the young shoots)

      • manehu

      • meke (= the rhizome)

      • mohani (= the rhizome)

      • moheke (= the rhizome)

      • monehu (= the young shoots)

      • motuhanga (= the rhizome)

      • pakakohi (= the rhizome)

      • parara (= the rhizome)

      • rahurahu

      • *rauaruhe

      • rarahu

      • rarauhe

      • renga (= the rhizome)

      • roi (= the rhizome)

      • takaka

      • bracken

      • bracken fern

      • *bracken-fern

      • brake

      • brown fern

      • common bracken

      • common English bracken

      • common fern

      • fern

    • Pteris comans:

      • scarce bracken

      • Pteris incisa. See Histio-pteris.

    • Pteris macilenta:

      • thin bracken

      • Pteris scaberula. See Paesia.

    • Pteris tremula:

      • tarawera

      • turawera

      • scented fern

      • scented-fern

      • stinking fern

      • stinking-fern

      • *trembling bracken

    • Pterostylis Banksii:

      • *tutukiwi

      • Banks' pterostylis

      • common hooded orchid

      • hooded orchid

      • *(elfs-hood)

    • Pterostylis graminea:

      • grass-like hooded orchid

      • narrow-leaved hooded

      • orchid

    • Quintinia acutifolia:

      • mountain-tawheowheo

      • *(mountain-lilac)

    • Quintinia serrata:

      • kumarahou

      • *tawhewheo

      • native lilac

      • New Zealand lilac

      • white birch

      • serrated quintinia

      • *(Maori lilac)

    • Radicula Nasturtium aquaticum (N. officinale):

      • kowhitiwhiti

      • water-cress

    • Radicula Nasturtium palustre:

      • *hanea

      • panapana

      • poniu

      • marsh cress

      • small-leafed cress

    • Radicula Nasturtium (Cardamine) stylosum:

      • *matangoa

    • Ranunculus:

      • crowfoot

    • Ranuculus acaulis:

      • *shore-buttercup

    • Ranunculus Buchanani:

      • cut-leaved alpine butter-cup

      • white cut-leaved alpine buttercup

    • Ranunculus crithmifolius:

      • samphire-leaved ranun-culus

      • *(shingle-slip buttercup)

    • Ranunculus Godleyanus:

      • Godley's buttercup

      • yellow alpine buttercup

      • yellow mountain lily

      • *(yellow mountain-lily)

    • Ranunculus gracilipes:

      • slender alpine buttercup

    • Ranunculus Haastii:

      • fleshy-leaved buttercup

      • Haast's ranunculus

    • Ranunculus hirtus:

      • kopukapuka

      • *maruru

      • common New Zealand buttercup

    • Ranunculus insignis:

      • *korikori

      • hairy alpine buttercup

      • mountain-buttercup

    • Ranunculus Kirkii:

      • Stewart Island buttercup

      • *(Stewart buttercup)

    – 709 –
    • Ranunculus lappaceus:

      • butter cup

      • buttercup

    • Ranunculus lobulatus:

      • New Zealand Kaikoura buttercup

      • *(Kaikoura buttercup)

    • Ranunculus Lyallii:

      • giant white buttercup

      • Lyall's ranunculus

      • mountain lily

      • *mountain-lily

      • Mount Cook lily

      • rockwood lily

      • shepherd's lily

      • water lily

      • white buttercup

    • Ranunculus macropus:

      • *raoriki

      • *swamp-buttercup

    • Ranunculus multiscapus:

      • grassland buttercup

      • *grassland-buttercup

    • Ranunculus nivicola:

      • *Egmont buttercup

      • Mount Egmont buttercup

      • golden-yellow Mount Egmont buttercup

      • mountain yellow butter-cup

    • Ranunculus rivularis:

      • raoriki

      • waoriki

      • swamp-buttercup

      • *water-buttercup

    • Ranunculus sericophyllus:

      • silky alpine buttercup

    • Raoulia australis:

      • common raoulia

      • patch-plant

      • silvery raoulia

    • Raoulia bryoides:

      • small vegetable-sheep

    • Raoulia eximia:

      • common vegetable-sheep

      • extraordinary raoulia

      • vegetable sheep

      • vegetable-sheep

    • Raoulia glabra:

      • glabrous raoulia

    • Raoulia Goyeni:

      • Stewart Island vegetable-sheep

    • Raoulia grandiflora:

      • large-flowered raoulia

    • Raoulia Haastii:

      • green raoulia

      • Haast's raoulia

    • Raoulia lutescens:

      • native scabweed

      • scabweed

    • Raoulia mammillaris:

      • breasted raoulia

      • New Zealand pincushion

      • vegetable sheep

    • Raoulia rubra:

      • green vegetable-sheep

    • Raoulia subsericea:

      • turfy raoulia

    • Raoulia tenuicaulis:

      • tutahuna

      • mat-raoulia

      • Rapanea. See Suttonia.

    • Rhabdothamnus Solandri:

      • kaikaiatua

      • matata

      • *taurepo

      • waiuatua

      • native arbutilon

      • native bignonia

      • Solander's rhabdothamnus

      • * (Maori arbutilon)

    • Rhipogonum scandens:

      • akapirita

      • akapita

      • kakareao

      • kakarewao

      • *kareao

      • karewao

      • kekereao

      • kotau (= young shoot)

      • pirita

      • taiore

      • black vine

      • bush sarsaparilla

      • climbing lily

      • climbing rhipogonum

      • hartwhan

      • karewan

      • native sarsaparilla

      • supple jack

      • supple-jack

      • *supplejack

      • supple jack vine

      • yam-creeper

    • Rhopalostylis Cheesemanii:

      • Kermadec nikau

    • Rhopalostylis (Areca) sapida:

      • kaihuia

      • miko

      • muka

      • munga

      • *nikau

      • cabbage palm

      • cabbage tree

      • cabbage-tree

      • fern-palm

      • New Zealand palm

      • nika-palm

      • nikau palm

      • nikau-palm

      • palm

      • savory palm-tree

    • Rubus australis:

      • tarakeke

      • taramoa

      • *tataramoa

      • tataramoa-turuhunga

      • bramble

      • briar

      • bush lawyer

      • *bush-lawyer

      • bushlawyer

      • Captain Cook's ropes

      • lawyer

      • native bramble

      • New Zealand bramble

      • southern bramble

      • wait-a-bit

      • wild Irishman

    • Rubus cissoides:

      • bush-lawyer

      • ivy-like bramble

      • leafless lawyer

      • yellow-prickled lawyer

      • *(yellow-prickle)

    • Rubus parvus:

      • creeping-lawyer

      • small bramble

    • Rubus schmidelioides:

      • bush-lawyer

      • rose-leaved lawyer

      • schmidelia-like bramble

      • *swamp-lawyer

    • Rubus schmidelioides var. coloratus:

      • white-leaved lawyer

    • Rubus subpauperatus:

      • narrow-leaved lawyer

      • semi leafless lawyer

    – 710 –
    • Rumex flexuosus:

      • *runa

      • New Zealand dock

      • tortuous dock

      • *(Maori dock)

    • Rumex neglectus:

      • sea-shore dock

      • *shore-dock

    • Ruppia maritima:

      • tassel pondweed

      • *(tassel-pondweed)

    • Salicornia australis:

      • Australian glaaswort

      • glasswort

      • Indian salicornia

      • marsh-samphire

      • samphire

      • southern glasswort

      • *(austral glasswort)

    • Salsola australis:

      • southern salsola

      • *(austral saltwort)

    • Salsola Kali:

      • *prickly saltwort

    • Samolus repens:

      • *maakoako

    • Samolus repens var. procumbens:

      • New Zealand water-pimpernel

      • primrose

      • wild thyme

      • southern water-pimpernel

      • *(Maori water-pimpernel)

    • Samolus littoralis:

      • sea-side samolus

    • Schefflera digitata:

      • kohi

      • kotete

      • patate

      • *pate

      • patete

      • *five-finger

      • five fingers

      • native fig

      • New Zealand fig

      • pipewood

      • snotty gob

      • white wood

    • Schizaea australis:

      • dwarf comb fern

      • *(dwarf comb-fern)

    • Schizaea bifida:

      • forked comb fern

      • *(forked comb-fern)

    • Schizaea dichotoma:

      • broad comb fern

      • kauri fern

      • *(kauri-fern)

    • Schizaea fistulosa:

      • rush fern

      • *rush-fern

      • slender comb fern

      • slender comb-fern

    • Schoenus pauciflorus:

      • bog rush

      • false snow-grass

    • Scirpus americanus:

      • *three-square

    • Scirpus antarcticus:

      • antarctic club-rush

    • Scirpus aucklandicus:

      • Auckland Island club-rush

    • Scirpus cernuus:

      • drooping club-rush

      • nodding club-rush

      • Scirpus frondosus. See Desmoschoenus spiralis.

    • Scirpus inundatus:

      • swamp club-rush

      • water club-rush

    • Scirpus lacustris:

      • kapungawha

      • *kopupu

      • kopupungawha

      • kuwawa

      • papao

      • wawa

      • great bulrush

    • Scirpus maritimus:1

      • kukuraho

      • *ririwaka

      • club rush

      • purua-grass

    • Scirpus nodosus:

      • wiwi

      • common club-rush

      • stiff bulrush

      • stiff club-rush

    • Scirpus robustus:2

      • salt-marsh bulrush

      • *sea club-rush

    • Scirpus sulcatus Thouars var. distigmatosa:

      • proliferous club-rush

    • Scleranthus biflorus:

      • kohukohu

      • *naereere

      • common scleranth

      • cushion plant

    • Selliera radicans:

      • raumangu

      • rekoreko

      • *remuremu

      • creeping selliera

      • creeping-selliera

      • rooting selliera

    • Senecio:

      • alpine marigold

      • shrub-groundsel

    • Senecio Banksii:

      • East Cape groundsel

    • Senecio bellidioides:

      • common mountain-groundsel

      • common New Zealand groundsel

      • *(Maori groundsel)

    • Senecio Bidwillii:

      • Bidwell's shrubby groundsel

    • Senecio elaeagnifolius:

      • brown backs

      • common mountain

      • shrubby groundsel

      • *(brown-backs)

    • Senecio Hectori:

      • deciduous tree-groundsel

    • Senecio Huntii:

      • *rautini

    [Footnote] 1 Name not now recognized; included in S. robustus.

    [Footnote] 2 Now includes also S. maritimus.

    – 711 –
    • Senecio Kirkii:

      • kohurangi

      • kokohurangi

      • komingiroa

      • orooro

      • *tapairu

      • daisy shrub

      • forest-groundsel

      • forest tree-groundsel

      • Kirk's groundsel

      • shrubby forest-groundsel

    • Senecio latifolius:

      • puhaureroa

      • *puwhaureroa

    • Senecio lautus:

      • coast groundsel

      • coast-groundsel

      • elegant senecio

      • *shore-groundsel

    • Senecio Lyallii:

      • Lyall's groundsel

      • *white marigold

    • Senecio Monroi:

      • rock shrub-groundsel

    • Senecio perdicioides:

      • *raukumara

      • puarangitoto

      • shrubby groundsel

    • Senecio rotundifolius:

      • *puheretaiko

      • puwharetaiko

      • *leather-leaf

      • leathern leaf

      • mutton bird scrub

      • mutton-bird scrub

      • mutton-bird shrub

      • round-leaved shrubby

      • groundsel

    • Senecio saxifragoides:

      • Port Hills groundsel

      • *yellow rock-daisy

    • Senecio sciadophilus:

      • climbing daisy

      • climbing-groundsel

      • mutton-bird scrub

    • Senecio scorzoneroides:

      • great white groundsel

      • mountain marguerite

      • *snow-groundsel

    • Senecio Stewartiae:

      • Stewart Island shrubby groundsel

      • Stewart Island tree-groundsel

      • *(Stewart tree-groundsel)

      • Sicyos angulalus. See S. australis, footnote.

    • Sicyos australis:1

      • mawhai

      • Australian gourd

      • climbing-gourd

      • southern sicyos

      • *(climbing gourd)

      • Sideroxylon costatum. See S. novo-zealandicum, footnote.

    • Sideroxylon novo-zelandicum: 2

      • orewa

      • pou

      • *tawapou

      • New Zealand olive

    • Siegesbeckia aculeatum:

      • puniu

    • Siegesbeckia orientalis:

      • *punawaru

    • Siphonidium longiflorum:

      • slender-flowered eyebright

    • Solanum aviculare:

      • horeto (= ripe fruit)

      • kahoho (= the fruit)

      • kohoho

      • peoi

      • popopo

      • poporo

      • *poroporo

      • poroporotanguru

      • borra borra

      • bul-a-bul

      • bul-bul

      • bulli-bull

      • bulli-bulli

      • bulli-bulli

      • bullibulli

      • bullybull

      • common solanum

      • cut-leaved nightshade

      • potato plant

    • Solanum aviculare var. albiflora:

      • white poroporo

    • Solanum nigrum:

      • poroporo-raupeti

      • *raupeti

      • remuroa

      • black nightshade

      • dwarf New Zealand nightshade

      • nightshade

    • Solanum tuberosum:

      • *hiwai

      • kapana

      • maketau

      • parareka

      • parete

      • riwai

      • tiawa

      • Cultivated varieties—

      • hingongi

      • huamango

      • kotipo

      • papaka

      • pau

      • piho

      • raparaparuru

      • rape

      • rokeroke

      • ropi

      • taeaka

      • taewa

      • tatairongo

      • uwhi

      • waeruru

    • Sonchus asper:

      • kautara

      • rauroroa

      • taweke

      • wekeweke

      • *sow-thistle

    • Sonchus grandifolius:

      • Chatham Island sowthistle

      • great sowthistle

      • great sowthistle

    • Sonchus littoralis:

      • coastal sow-thistle

      • coastal sowthistle

      • fleshy-leaved sow-thistle

      • rock sow-thistle

    • Sonchus oleraceus:

      • pororua

      • puwha

      • *rauriki

      • sow-thistle

    • Sophora chathamica:

      • *Chatham kowhai

    [Footnote] 1 Now includes also S. angulatus.

    [Footnote] 2 Now includes also S. costatum.

    – 712 –
    • Sophora grandiflora:

      • kowhai

      • large-flowered kowhai

      • New Zealand acacia

      • New Zealand laburnum

    • Sophora microphylla:

      • kowhai

      • common kowhai

      • goi

      • New Zealand laburnum

      • small-leaved kowhai

      • yellow clianthus

    • Sophora prostrata:

      • dwarf kowhai

      • prostrate kowhai

      • Sophora tetraptera 1

      • (part = Edwardsia)

      • houma

      • *kowhai

      • kowhai-taepa (= drooping variety)

      • kowhai-tauiti (a variety)

      • ghoa

      • ghoai

      • goa

      • goai

      • gohi

      • goi

      • gowai

      • gowhai

      • kohai

      • kowai

      • kowhia

      • locust tree

      • locust-tree

      • native laburnum

      • native mimosa

      • New Zealand laburnum

      • yellow kowhai

      • yellow parrot's bill

    • Sparganium antipodum:

      • *maru

    • Sparganium subglobosum:

      • creeping New Zealand burr-reed

      • New Zealand burr-reed simple bur-reed

      • *(Maori burr-reed)

    • Spergularia media:

      • salt-marsh sand-spurrey

    • Sphagnum:

      • *bog-moss

      • swamß moss

      • sphagnum moss

    • Spinifex hirsutus:

      • kowhangatara

      • *puarere

      • raumoa

      • turikakoa

      • wawatai

      • *rolling-grass

      • silvery sand-grass

      • spiny rolling grass

      • spiny rolling-grass

    • Stellaria decipiens var. angustata:

      • *Antipodes chickweed

    • Stellaria gracilenta:

      • New Zealand chickweed

      • *(Maori chickweed)

    • Stellaria media:

      • kohukohu

    • Stellaria parviflora:

      • small-flowered chickweed

      • stitchwort

    • Stellaria Roughii:

      • Rough's chick weed

    • Stilbocarpa Lyallii:

      • punui

      • Lyall's stilbocarpa

      • Stewart Island stilbocarpa

    • Stilhocarpa polaris:

      • puniu

      • punui

      • polar stilbocarpa

      • sacrie

      • *(Dundonald-herb)

    • Stipa arundinacea:

      • hunangamoho

      • New Zealand wind grass

      • Styphelia. See Cyathodes.

    • Suaeda maritima:

      • *sea-blite

    • Suttonia australis (Rapanea (Myrsine) Urvillei):

      • *mapau

      • mapou

      • mataira

      • matipou

      • tapau

      • takapou

      • tipau

      • black mapou

      • D'Urville's rapanea

      • maple

      • mappo

      • red birch

      • red-birch

      • red mapau

      • red maple

      • red-maple

      • red matipo

    • Suttonia chathamica:

      • Chatham Island matipo

      • *(Chatham matipo)

    • Suttonia Coxii:

      • *swamp-matipo

    • Suttonia divaricata:

      • divaricate suttonia

      • *weeping matipo

      • weeping-matipo

      • wiry matipo

    • Suttonia (Rapanea) montana:

      • weeping tree

      • Suttonia nummularia.

      • *creeping matipo

      • creeping-matipo

    • Suttonia (Rapanea) salicina:

      • *toro

      • long leaf matipou

      • long-leaved matipo

      • willow-leaved rapanea

    • Taraxacum magellanicum:

      • New Zealand dandelion

      • *(Maori dandelion)

    • Tetragonia expansa:

      • kokihi

      • ? panamata

      • ? paraihia

      • *rengamutu

      • rengarenga

      • tutaeikamoana

      • native ice-plant

      • New Zealand spinach

      • spinach

      • summer spinach

      • *(Maori spinach)

    [Footnote] 1 Sophora tetraptera should perhaps be divided into three species of Edwardsia, but is left here to save confusion. Dr. L. Cockayne puts the whole of Sophora into Edwardsia, but admits it is a matter of opinion.

    – 713 –
    • Tetragonia trigyna:

      • kokihi

      • beach spinach

      • climbing New Zealand spinach

      • ice-plant

      • *(beach-spinach)

    • Tetrapathaea tetrandra (australis) (Passiflora tetrandra):

      • aka

      • akakaiku

      • akàkaikuku

      • akakaimanu

      • akakohia

      • akakuku 1

      • kahia

      • kaimanu

      • kohe

      • *kohia

      • kupapa

      • pohuehue

      • popohue

      • powhiwhi

      • native passion-flower

      • native passion-vine

      • New Zealand passion-flower

      • New Zealand passionflower

      • orange berry

      • passion flower

      • passion-flower

      • tetrandrous passion flower

      • *(Maori passion-flower)

    • * Theymitra longifolia:

      • *maikuku

      • common thelymitra

      • long-leaved thelymitra

    • Thelymitra pulchella:

      • *maikaika

    • Thelymitra uniflora:

      • blue thelymitra

      • *(blue maikuku)

    • Todea barbara:

      • hard todea

      • king fern

      • Todea superba. See Leptoptens superba.

    • Trichomanes:

      • bristle ferns

    • Trichomanes Colensoi:

      • Colenso's bristle fern

    • Trichomanes elongatum:

      • black bristle fern

      • bristle-fern

      • stiff bristle fern

    • Trichomanes humile:

      • drooping bristle fern

      • humble-fern

    • Trichomane Lyallii:

      • Lyall's bristle fern

      • Lyall's bristle-fern

    • Trichomanes reniforme:

      • konehu

      • kopakopa

      • *raurenga

      • kidney fern

      • *kidney-fern

      • kidney-leaf bristle fern

    • Trichomanes strictum:

      • stiff bristle fern

    • Trichomanes venosum:

      • veined filmy-fern

      • veined bristle fern

      • veined bristle-fern

    • Triglochin striatum var. filifolium:

      • southern arrow-grass

      • *three-ribbed arrow-grass

    • Triglochin triandrum:

      • arrow grass

    • Triodia exigua:

      • few-flowered oat grass

      • *mountain-twitch

    • Trisetum antarcticum:

      • native oat grass

      • shining oat grass

      • shining oat-grass

    • Trisetum subspicatum:

      • spiked oat grass

    • Trisetum Youngii:

      • Young's oat-grass

    • Tupeia antarctica:

      • kokuorangi

      • pirinoa

      • *pirita

      • tapia

      • antarctic mistletoe

      • antarctic tupeia

      • *green mistletoe

    • Tyndaridea anomala:

      • kohuwai

    • Typha angustifolia:

      • hune (= feathery seeds)

      • karito

      • koare

      • koareare (= rhizome)

      • konehu-raupo (= pollen)

      • kopupungawha

      • koreirei (= rhizome)

      • korito (= young shoots)

      • kouka (= rhizome)

      • ngawha

      • pungapunga (= pollen)

      • *raupo

      • bulrush

      • bullrush

      • cat's tail

      • flag

      • large bulrush

      • marsh reed

      • reedmace

      • rushes (ra-poo)

    • Uncinia:

      • matau

      • *hooked sedge

    • Uncinia australis See U. uncinata:

    • Uncinia caespitosa:

      • narrow-leaved uncinia

    • Uncinia comparta:

      • mountain uncinia

    • Uncinia filiformis:

      • slender uncinia

    • Uncinia leptostachya:

      • matauririki

      • tall uncinia

    • Uncinia pedicellata:

      • Stewart Island uncinia

      • *(Stewart uncinia)

    • Uncinia rigida:

      • stiff uncinia

    • Uncinia riparia:

      • matauririki

      • leafy uncinia

    • Uncinia rubra:

      • red uncinia

    • Uncinia uncinata: 2

      • *kamu

      • matau-a-Maui

      • broad-leaved uncinia

    [Footnote] 1 Abbreviation of akakaikuku (“food-vine of the pigeon”).

    [Footnote] 2 Now includes also U. australis.

    – 714 –
    • Urtica australis:

      • *taraonga

      • taraongaonga

      • subantarctic nettle

      • *(Antipodes nettle)

    • Urtica ferox:

      • *ongaonga

      • taraonga

      • taraongaonga

      • bush-nettle

      • fierce nettle

      • nettle

      • nettle tree

      • shrubby nettle

      • tree nettle

      • *tree-nettle

      • true nettle

    • Urtica incisa:

      • ongaonga

      • *dwarf nettle

      • forest-nettle

      • ground nettle

      • nettle

      • Usnea barbata;

      • *angiangi

    • Utricularia monanthos:

      • bladder-wort

      • bladderwort

      • common bladder-wort

      • *(purple bladderwort)

    • Utricularia protrusa:

      • bladderwort

      • *(floating bladderwort)

      • Veronica. See Hebe for all except the three following.

    • Veronica catarractae:

      • waterfall veronica

      • *(waterfall-koromiko)

    • Veronica Hookeriana:

      • Hooker's veronica

    • Veronica spathulata:

      • *scoria-koromiko

      • snowy veronica

    • Viola Cunninghamii:

      • common New Zealand violet

      • Cunningham's violet

      • native violet

      • New Zealand violet

      • violet

      • *(Maori violet)

    • Viola filicaulis:

      • native violet

      • *slender violet

      • thread-like violet

      • violet

    • Viola filicaulis var. hydrocotyloides:

      • *water-penny violet

    • Viola Lyallii:

      • haka

      • white violet

    • Viscum Lindsayi:

      • Lindsay's mistletoe

    • Viscum salicornioides:

      • salicornia-like mistletoe

    • Vitex lucens:

      • kauere

      • *puriri

      • boradi

      • iron wood

      • New Zealand oak

      • New Zealand teak

      • puredi

      • puridi

      • teak

    • Vittadinia australis:

      • southern vittadmia

    • Wahlenbergia albomarginata:

      • blue bell

      • blue-bell

      • bluebell

      • native blue bell

      • New Zealand blue bell

      • New Zealand blue-bell

      • New Zealand bluebell

      • *(Maori bluebell)

    • Wahlenbergia cartilaginea:

      • *rock-bluebell

    • Wahlenbergia gracilis:

      • *rimuroa

      • bell-flower

      • blue bell

      • blue-bell

      • bluebell

      • graceful blue-bell

      • hare bell

      • native harebell

      • New Zealand bluebell

      • slender blue-bell

      • slender bluebell

    • Wahlenbergia Matthewsii:

      • bell-flower

    • Weinmannia racemosa:

      • *kamahi

      • tawhero

      • towai

      • black birch

      • brown birch

      • karmai

      • racemose weinmannia

      • red birch

      • red-birch

      • white birch

    • Weinmannia silvicola:

      • *tawhero

      • towai

      • forest-loving weinmannis

    • Wintera (Drimys) axillaris:

      • *horopito

      • matou (= the fruit)

      • puhikawa

      • axil-flowered drimys

      • Maori pain-killer

      • nutmeg tree

      • pepper tree

      • *pepper-tree

      • peppertree

      • pepper-wood

    • Wintera (Drimys) colorata:

      • *oramarama

      • ramarama

      • blotched-leaved pepper-tree

      • false native pepper

      • pepper tree

      • pepper-tree

      • red-blotched horopito

      • *red horopito

    • Zea Mays:

      • kanga

      • kopakipaki

      • parate

      • maize

    • Zostera:

      • *sea-wrack

      • Zostera nana

      • *rimurehia

      • eel-grass

      • *grass-wrack

      • sea-grass

      • Zostera tasmanica

      • *sea-grass