The neighbourhood of View Hill presents several points of geological interest. Within a radius of six miles from the hill itself, there are several inliers of Trias-Jura, Cretaceous, and Tertiary rocks, cropping up through the gravels of the plains, while lying on the western spurs of Mount Oxford occurs an interesting deposit of chalk with associated greensands and basic volcanics. Haast has made brief reference to View Hill and Burnt Hill (1879, p. 282). Hutton has referred to Gorge Hill on the Waimakariri (1877, pp. 56–7. and 1885, pp. 49–53), to View Hill and Burnt Hill (1877, p. 41); and McKay (1881, pp. 40–53) and Wilson (1888, pp. 274–276) have referred to the chalk deposit. I have found McKay's account exceptionally accurate considering the fact that the country was covered with bush when he reported on it. He had the advantage all the same of being able to see the chalk quarry when it had been opened
out, whereas it is now difficult to find the exact spot where it was. McKay's statements are used as the basis of the account of the chalk deposit given in Bulletin No. 22 of the New Zealand Geological Survey (1919, p. 234). There is also a brief reference to the locality in Palaeontological Bulletin No. 11 (1926, p. 12) where Chapman gives a list of the foraminifera found in the chalk.
With this brief introduction I will proceed with the description of the geological features of the district, taking each particular locality in turn commencing with the name locality, View Hill.