The Hurupi Creek Beds were described by McKay (1878, p. 19), and assigned to the Upper Miocene. Subsequently little descriptive work has been done, but the following authors have made brief reference to the beds:—McKay (1879, p. 81) = Lower Miocene (Pareora); Thomson (1919, p. 7) = Oamaruian, probably Awamoan; Marwick (1927, p. 576) = Mokau (Awamoan); Henderson (1929, p. 281) = Tutamoe (Awamoan); King (1930, p. 506) = Miocene; King (present paper) = Tutamoe (Awamoan).
The beds outcrop along a considerable portion of the north-east coast of Palliser Bay and for about half a mile inland, good exposures being obtainable in the sea-cliffs and the ravines which traverse the ancient marine terrace. As all collections have proved remarkably uniform no zoning upon palaeontological evidence is attempted, and the fauna of the beds outcropping in the Hurupi Creek has been taken as typical of the whole. Apart from this type
locality, the best collections can be obtained from the Putangirua (or Pinnacle) Creek a mile to the south. One or two species not yet recorded from Hurupi Creek, but obtained from the Putangirua Creek, are therefore included in the general fauna. These beds have now been traced to the north-east as far as the Turanganui River. (Locality E.).
Sketch Map of the Southern Wairarapa, Showing Fossil Localities Referred to in This Paper.
Marls 1 mile below Turanganui Gorge.
Junction Ruakokopatuna and Makara Streams.
Junction Martinborough, Gladstone, and Hinakura Roads.