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Volume 66, 1937
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Proceedings Of The Royal Society of New Zealand

Annual Meeting of the Council, 29th MAY, 1936. Minutes

The Annual Meeting of the Council of the Royal Society of New Zealand was held in the Council Room, Victoria University College, Wellington, on Friday, 29th May, 1936, commencing at 10 a.m.

Present.—The President, the Rt. Rev. Bishop H. W. Williams, in the chair; the Vice-President, Professor W. P. Evans;

Representing the Government: Mr. B. C. Aston, Dr. E. Marsden, Dr. W. R. B. Oliver;

Representing the Auckland Institute: Professor H. W. Segar;

Representing the Wellington Philosophical Society: Professor H. B. Kirk, Mr. C. M. Smith;

Representing the Philosophical Institute of Canterbury: Professor J. Shelley, Mr. E. F. Stead;

Representing the Otago Branch of the Royal Society of New Zealand: Dr F. J. Turner;

Representing the Hawke's Bay Branch of the Royal Society of New Zealand: Mr G. V. Hudson;

Representing the Nelson Institute: Professor T. H. Easterfield; Co-opted member: Dr P. Marshall.

Apologies.—Apologies for absence were received from His Excellency the Governor-General, from the Hon. Minister of Scientific and Industrial Research, from Professor Park, and from Messrs. M. A. Eliott and A. T. Pycroft, who are both away from New Zealand.

Members.—The President briefly welcomed three new members to the Council, namely, Professor Shelley, Mr. E. F. Stead, and Mr. C. M. Smith, and the Vice-President formally moved a motion of appreciation of the services rendered to the Council by Professor Speight, Dr. C. Coleridge Farr and Dr. E. Kidson. Later, the President also referred to the work and service rendered by Dr. Farr, who was a member of the Council for ten years and was elected President in 1929 and 1930, by Professor Speight, who was elected to the Council in 1931 and was President for the years 1933 and 1934, and by Dr. E. Kidson, who was a member of the Council since 1932.

The Presidential Address was then read and at its conclusion the President was thanked and it was resolved that the address be printed.

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Amendment to Rules.—Notice of Motion having been given fourteen days prior to the meeting, the Vice-President moved that Rule F.I.4 (Hutton Memorial Fund) and F.II.4 (Hector Memorial Fund) be amended by inserting immediately after the words “the interest arising from such investments” the words “after the payment of all expenses legally incurred by the Council in the investment and administration of the said fund.” This was carried.

Hector Award.—The President read the report of the Hector Award Committee as follows: “The Hector Award Committee appointed last year has unanimously decided to recommend that the Award be made to Dr. W. R. B. Oliver. The Committee has very thoroughly considered the respective merits of four New Zealand botanists, each of whom has done extensive and good work. Dr. Oliver has made important contributions to several departments of New Zealand botanical science, more especially with respect to taxonomy, ecology, the floras of outlying portions of the region, distribution within New Zealand, and the relationship of the New Zealand flora to that of other lands. The Committee is impressed by the extent of his influence upon New Zealand botany.

John E. Holloway.”

On the motion of Professor Evans, seconded by Professor Kirk, the recommendation of the Hector Award Committee was carried by acclamation.

Amount of Hector Prize.—On the motion of Dr. Marsden, seconded by Professor Segar, it was resolved that the amount of the prize be £50.

Fellowship Election.—On the recommendation of the Fellowship Selection Committee, Dr. K. M. Curtis and Mr. E. Phillips Turner were elected Fellows of the Royal Society of New Zealand.

T. K. Sidey Summer-Time Award.—Dr. Marsden, convener of the Sidey Summer-Time Award Committee, reported that a joint application only had been received for the award. The Committee had exercised its right to consider other names, but owing to the fact that Lord Rutherford of Nelson was a member of the Committee, there had not been sufficient time to come to a decision.

He asked that the Committee be given an extension of time in order that it might give further consideration to the matter and that it might report to the Standing Committee, which should decide whether an award should be made and to whom. This was granted.

Dr. Marshall asked whether sufficient publicity was given to the fact that an award of the Sidey Summer-Time medal and prize would be made, as the dearth of applications seemed to suggest that it was not well known.

At a later stage in the meeting it was proposed by Dr. Marshall and seconded by Dr. Turner and carried: “That the Standing Committee be instructed to consider whether more satisfactory methods can be taken to disseminate information in regard to the Sidey Summer-Time Award and the occasions on which an award is to be made.”

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Honorary Members.—An election for two Honorary Members resulted in Dr. Bronislaw Malinowski and Dr. Otto Wilckens being elected.

Vacancies in Honorary Members' List.—The death, of Dr. J. S. Haldane was announced. The President pointed out that there were now two vacancies in the list of Honorary Members and under the existing regulations these vacancies should be filled at the next meeting. The question was raised as to the advisability of being compelled to fill the vacancies, and after a good deal of discussion, on the motion of Professor Easterfield, seconded by Dr. Marshall, it was resolved: “That the question of the desirability of amending Section C 11 (Honorary Members) with the object of removing ambiguity be referred to the Standing Committee.”

Member Bodies' Reports and Balance Sheets.—The following reports and balance sheets were laid on the table:—

Auckland Institute for the years ending 31st March, 1935, and 31st March, 1936.

Wellington Philosophical Society for the year ending 30th September, 1935.

Philosophical Institute of Canterbury for the year ending 31st October, 1935.

Otago Branch of the Royal Society of N.Z. for the year ending 30th September, 1935.

Nelson Philosophical Society for the year ending 30th September, 1935.

Hawke's Bay Branch of the Royal Society of N.Z. for the year ending 31st December, 1935.

Manawatu Branch of the Royal Society of N.Z. for the period ending 19th November, 1935.

Report of the Standing Committee for the Year Ending 31st March, 1936.

Meetings.—Seven meetings of the Standing Committee and one special Council meeting were held during the year, the attendance being as follows:—The President, the Rt. Rev. Bishop Williams, Napier, 5; Mr. B. C. Aston, Wellington, 8; Professor T. H. Easterfield, Nelson, 1; Mr. M. A. Eliott, Palmerston North, 3; Dr. W. P. Evans, Wellington, 7; Dr. C. C. Farr, Christchurch, 2; Mr. G. V. Hudson, Wellington, 7; Dr. E. Kidson, Wellington, 3; Professor H. B. Kirk, Wellington, 5; Dr. E. Marsden, Wellington, 3; Dr. P. Marshall, Wellington, 7; Dr. W. R. B. Oliver, Wellington, 8.

The thanks of the Society are cordially extended to the Council of the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research for the use of the Council Room for meetings of the Standing Committee.

Publications.—Since the 31st March, 1935, Part 4 of Volume 64 and Parts 1, 2, 3, and 4 of Volume 65 have been published. This speeding up of the printing was accomplished through the methodical work of the new Honorary Editor, Dr. F. J. Turner, and his proximity to the printers. These factors have resulted in the printing being brought up-to-date, the four quarterly parts being published within the year to which their volume belongs and the time between the receipt of papers by the Honorary Editor and their publication being considerably reduced.

Index to Transactions.—An Index covering Volumes 52 to 63 was prepared last year through the generosity of Major R. A. Wilson. The classified portion of the MS. was handed over to a Committee of experts consisting of Professor Kirk, Dr. Oliver and Dr. Marwick for revision, and the thanks of the Society are due to this Committee for its work.

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The Index is in the printer's hands. The first proofs have been corrected and returned, and the Index should soon be ready to be issued.

This completes the indexing of the Transactions of the New Zealand Institute—the next Index will commence with Volume 64, the first volume of a new series under the title Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand.

Reference List of Scientific Periodicals.—It has not yet been possible to complete the preparation of the Reference List, but a good deal has been done towards it. At a conference of the Librarians of the four University Colleges held in Wellington in February a discussion as to methods of setting out such a Reference List proved of value.

Finances.—The Finance Committee has again strictly controlled the expenditure during the year. The cost of the quarterly parts of the volume has been kept within the amount available for printing, one author who desired to publish papers in excess of the page limit imposed being called upon to pay the extra cost incurred.

In accordance with a decision of the Council at the last Annual Meeting the amount raised by sales of publications in that year (£37 14s 6d) was transferred from the credit of the Endowment Fund to the General Fund and this year £12 10s 10d was added to the Fund from sales.

At the last Annual Meeting it was resolved that a deputation should wait upon the Government and ask for an increase to the present grant. The President, Bishop Williams, and Professor Kirk interviewed the Rt. Hon. the Prime Minister and the Hon. Minister of Finance, who promised an increase of £250. Subsequently, it was learned that no provision had been made in the Estimates for this amount.

In view of the General Election it was considered useless to take further action at the time, but in February it was decided to approach the new Government with a similar request, and the President and Vice-President interviewed the Hon. Mr. Nash, Minister of Finance, who has since replied that it may be possible to make a small addition to the grant, but the matter will be considered when the Budget is being prepared.

Regulations.—The chief work accomplished during the year was the consolidation of the regulations, authority for which had been given at the last Annual Meeting. When the Committee which had been set up undertook the work, it was found that a thorough revision of the Regulations was essential. Many of the existing regulations had never been gazetted, others were obsolete, but had never been rescinded, a large amount of overlapping had arisen through certain regulations being embodied in the new Act, and a lack of uniformity in the wording of the various trusts made it obvious that the only way to bring about a consolidation was absolute revision.

The Vice-president, Dr. Evans, with Dr. Marsden and Mr. Aston devoted a great deal of time to this work. The revised rules were circulated to each member of the Council, and a special Council meeting was called for the 30th October for their consideration, those members who were unable to attend being asked to comment on the proposed new Rules. Certain amendments were made at the meeting, and authority was given for the Rules as amended to be gazetted. The Rules were gazetted on the 14th November, 1935, and reprints were procured and were circulated to members of the Council and to Member Bodies.

Together with the Royal Society of New Zealand Act, 1933, the Rules, Deeds of Trusts, list of Awards, etc., have been published in Part 4 of Volume 65 of the Transactions.

At the special Council Meeting the two following matters for discussion were referred to the Annual Meeting for further consideration:—


That, concerning the award of the same medal more than once for different subjects;


That, regarding a provision in the Rules governing the Fellowship for ejecting a Fellow should cause arise.

Exchange List.—No exchanges have been added to the list during the year.

Partial Sets.—A partial set of the Transactions was presented to the New Zealand Native Bird Protection Society.

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Library.—The Library Committee has met and discussed the question of the housing of the Society's Library, and its recommendations are being submitted to the Annual Meeting by the Honorary Librarian in his report.

No binding has been done during the year. Unfortunately, the binder who had undertaken the work found it impossible to continue it, and although endeavours have been made to get in touch with a binder in Christchurch who had previously done this work, and whose charges are the only ones within the Society's means, the Secretary's letters to him have not as yet been replied to.

Member Bodies.—Owing to the resuscitation of the Manawatu Branch, the Member Bodies now number seven. The following reports and balance sheets have been received:—

Auckland Institute for the year ending 31st March, 1935.

Wellington Philosophical Society for the year ending 30th September, 1935.

Philosophical Institute of Canteibury for the year ending 31st October, 1935.

Otago Institute for the year ending 30th, September, 1935.

Nelson Philosophical Society for the year ending 30th September, 1935.

Hawke's Bay Branch for the year ending 31st December, 1935.

Manawatu Branch for the period ending 19th November, 1935.

The Honorary Editor has reported on these in his annual report.

A decision regarding the Otago Institute's title has now been reached. It was reported last year that the Registrar of Incorporated Societies had refused to sanction the use of the title “Otago Branch of the Royal Society of New Zealand,” and the Otago Institute wrote asking the Society to obtain a legal opinion on the matter. The Crown Solicitor, who was consulted, gave it as his opinion that the matter was one for the Registrar of Incorporated Societies to determine.

Finally a letter was received from tlie Registrar and construed as giving permission to the Otago Institute to change its title. This it has done, and the Institute is now known as the Otago Branch of the Royal Society of New Zealand.

Fellowship.—On the 20th June, 1935, Dr. John Marwick and Dr. Donald Bannerman Macleod were gazetted Fellows of the Royal Society of New Zealand.

On the 7th October Member Bodies were asked to forward nominations for the two vacancies in the list of Fellows. Twelve nominations were received and were forwarded to the Fellows for selection. The result of this selection was considered by the Fellowship Selection Committee, and its recommendations will be placed before the Annual Meeting in May.

Under the Fellowship Rules it was necessary for the Standing Committee to formulate the method of retirement of one member of the Selection Committee every year. At its meeting on the 22nd October the names of the Committee were placed in accordance with their term of office in the following order: Dr. Marshall, Dr. Marsden, Dr. Oliver, Professor Kirk, Mr. Aston. It was decided that No. 1 should retire each year and that the new member appointed should be No. 5.

Honorary Members.—On the 7th October Member Bodies were asked to forward nominations to fill the two vacancies in the list of Honorary Members. Eight nominations were received, and particulars of these will be circulated to members of the Council prior to the Annual Meeting at which the election will take place.

Hutton Award.—At a meeting of the Manawatu Branch held on the 15th July, the President, the Right Reverend Bishop Williams, presented the Hutton Medal to Dr. G. H. Cunningham. Mr. M. A. Eliott presided over a large attendance, and welcomed Bishop Williams, whose position as President, he stated, was an honour to the Society. Bishop Williams congratulated the Branch on its recovery from its “rather lengthy period of hibernation.” He stated that he was proud that his first official act was to present the Royal Society's Hutton Medal to Dr. Cunningham, and he went on to speak of Dr. Cunningham's scientific work. Dr. Cunningham asked the Bishop to convey to the Council of the Royal Society his appreciation of the honour accorded him in the presentation of the medal.

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Hector Award.—Owing to an accident to Professor W. B. Benham, the presentation of the Hector Medal and Prize to him had necessarily to be delayed, and it was made at the annual meeting of the Otago Branch on the 12th November. In the absence of the President and Vice-President the presentation was made on behalf of the Society by the Chancellor of the University of Otago.

T. K. Sidey Summer-Time Award.—In accordance with a resolution of the Standing Committee meeting of the 21st June, an announcement was made in the four principal newspapers and “Nature” and through the Registrar of the New Zealand University to the four University Colleges that applications for the second T. K. Sidey Summer-Time Award would be received up to the 29th February, 1936. Only one application was received, and was submitted to the Award Committee, which will report to the Annual Meeting.

Research.—At the last annual meeting the possibility of receiving from the Carnegie Corporation of New York a grant for organized research in New Zealand was considered and the matter was referred to a sub-committee for action. In order that it might be ascertained what fields of research could be explored if a grant could be obtained, the sub-committee communicated with Member Bodies and asked for suggestions for research which could successfully be undertaken by their members. As a result of this inquiry twenty-five direct applications for grants were received. From these applications the Committee drew up a fairly comprehensive survey, and sub-committees of experts were set up to report on the six different sections. Finally, on the 28th February, 1936, an application for a grant to enable the Society to undertake the proposed programme of research in New Zealand was directed to the President of the Carnegie Corporation of New York. No reply has yet been received.

Research Property.—The Standing Committee decided that a list of all apparatus belonging to the Society should be published at intervals. As it is some time since the last list was published, a revision and stocktaking of all apparatus in hand and on loan has been undertaken and a revised list will shortly be published.

Cockayne Memorial fund.—Since the last annual meeting the Cockayne Memorial Fund has become an accomplished fact.

A circular setting out the proposals and soliciting subscriptions was issued to members through the various Member Bodies in September. A Post Office Savings Bank Account was opened for the Fund and subscriptions amounting to £129 12s 10d have been deposited in the account. This is far short of the amount which it is hoped to receive, and the attention of members of the Council and of the Society generally needs to be drawn to the matter.

A list of contributors to the Fund will be published in the Transactions.

Dominion Museum.—On the 8th November, the Secretary of the Board of Trustees wrote stating that the Royal Society of New Zealand had the right to nominate seven of the nine members of the Management Committee of the Dominion Museum. The Management Committee would have full supervision over the Museum section, including staff (but excluding matters affecting structural alteration in or addition to the building), subject to the final control by the Board of Trustees, but, the Secretary stated, the legislation setting out the full functions of the Management Committee had not yet been put through. At a meeting of the Standing Committee held on the 18th December the following were nominated to the Museum Management Committee:—Mr. J. C. Andersen, Mr. B. C. Aston, Professor J. Rankine Brown, Professor H. B. Kirk, Mr. N. T. Lambourne, Dr. P. Marshall, Rt. Rev. Bishop Williams. On the 14th January the Board of Trustees appointed the above and Sir George Shirt-cliffe and Mr. T. R. Barrer to be the Management Committee.

In regard to the Society's representation on the Board of Trustees, which at present is the President and Vice-President or their deputees, the Secretary of the Board on the 15th January wrote stating that in view of the transitory nature of these offices and the advantage attaching to continuity of representation, it was suggested that advantage might be taken of the proposed amending legislation to provide that representation of the Society should consist of “any two members of the Royal Society appointed by the Council of the Society.” He pointed out that this would still leave the Council free to nominate its President and Vice-President if so desired and at the same time would provide

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for a wider selection should the President or Vice-President not be available for appointment. At a meeting of the Standing Committee held on the 8th February the above suggestion was approved, it being pointed out that in 1930 when the National Art Gallery and Dominion Museum Bill was being drawn up the Society had asked that it should appoint its two representatives.

Pacific Science Association.—At the last Annual Meeting it was reported that the Hold-over Committee of the Association had intimated that an invitation to hold the next Congress in New Zealand would be welcomed, but that the Standing Committee had made it clear that it would not be possible, for financial and other reasons, to consider a New Zealand Meeting before 1940. In July a letter was received from the Secretary of the Association stating that it was probable that invitations for the next Congress would be forthcoming from China, Fiji, and the Philippine Islands, but it was hoped that the Seventh or some future Congress might be held in New Zealand.

James Watt Bi-centenary.—In February commemoration meetings were organized by the Society of Civil Engineers associated with various other societies in connection with the James Watt Bi-centenary. The meetings and exhibition arranged proved most successful. Dr. Marshall represented the Society at these meetings, and other members of the Council also attended. A booklet has been issued by the Commemoration Committee, and copies are available to members.

Liaison with Kindred Societies. At the October meeting of the Standing Committee the desirability of some association between the Royal Society of New Zealand and societies such as the Institute of Chemistry, the Society of Civil Engineers, the Institute of Horticulture was stressed by some of the members. It was felt that a definite liaison between these societies could well be established and that the initiative should come from the Royal Society. To further the matter a committee consisting of the President, the Vice-President, Dr. Marshall, Mr. Aston, and Dr. Oliver was set up. This committee has met and has considered ways and means of approach and will report to the Annual Meeting.

Arthur Pass National Park Board.—Owing to Professor Wall's resignation from the Arthur Pass Park Board, it was resolved that Professor Speight be appointed to represent the Society on the Park Board.

Wild Life Control.—At the last annual meeting a committee was appointed to draw up a scheme in connection with the setting up of a Flora and Fauna Board. Dr. Oliver, convener of this Committee, has reported that the Committee met twice during the year, but it has not completed a report for presentation to the Standing Committee.

Royal Meteorological Society.—Dr. Kidson reported that the Royal Meteorological Society had offered numerous books which it considered would be of use in New Zealand to the Royal Society of New Zealand provided that it bear the cost of packing and despatch. Dr. Marsden undertook to arrange transit through the High Commissioner's office, and Dr. Kidson was asked to undertake the selection of the books.

Medals.—As Professor Shelley has not yet been able to submit the desired designs, no further action in regard to the proposed alteration of the medals has been taken.

International Scientific Union.—In accordance with a report from Dr. Kidson regarding the desirability of the Society's remaining in the International Scientific Union, it was decided to continue the Society's subscription to the Union.

In connection with the Assembly of Geodesy and Geophysics at Edinburgh, on the recommendation of the Society of Civil Engineers, which was consulted in the matter, Mr. Evan Parry has been asked to represent New Zealand, and he has written stating that he will be glad to do so.

Loder Cup.—The Loder Cup Committee of the Institute of Horticulture asked interested bodies for nominations for the Loder Cup for 1936.

The Standing Committee resolved on the motion of its representative on the Institute of Horticulture, Mr Aston, to nominate Sir Alexander Young. The Loder Cup Committee awarded the Cup to the Trustees of Robert Cunningham Bruce, Hunterville.

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Honorary Treasurer.—At a meeting of the Standing Committee held on to 18th February, the Honorary Treasurer, Mr. M. A. Eliott, was granted six months' leave of absence from the end of April as he intended going abroad. Dr. Evans was authorized to act in Mr. Eliott's place in connection with Trust Fund finances and the Post Office Savings Bank Accounts.

Honorary Editor.—In his report to the February meeting of the Standing Committee the Hon. Editor suggested that the Standing Committee consider the possibility of appointing at the next annual meeting two joint editors and an associate editor to carry out all editorial work in connection with the Transactions. Dr. Turner outlined a scheme whereby the work could be carried out efficiently under a joint editorship.

The Standing Committee decided to recommend to the annual meeting that an Honorary Editor, an Associate Honorary Editor, and an Assistant Honorary Editor should be appointed; it also decided that Dr. Turner should be allowed to nominate persons to fill these positions.

Subsequently Dr. Turner nominated Dr. C. H. Laws as Honorary Associate Editor and Miss M. L. Fyfe as Assistant.

The report of the Standing Committee was considered clause by clause and on the motion of the President was adopted.

Arising from the report: On the motion of Dr. Marsden, seconded by Professor Easterfield, it was resolved that the same medal be not awarded more than once to the same person.

Professor Shelley explained that he had not been able to complete the designs for the proposed alteration to the medals, but he undertook to photograph the medal with the alteration and to let each member of the Council have a copy of the photograph. He hoped to do this within a month. Professor Shelley was thanked.

With regard to the Hector Medal awarded to Professor C. E. Weatherburn in 1934 and not yet presented to him, it was resolved on the motion of Dr. Marsden to have the medal presented in a wooden case similar to those presented in 1935.

Fellowship.—With regard to the question of making a provision in the Fellowship Rules for ejecting a Fellow should cause arise, it was decided to take no action.

Pacific Science Congress.—On the motion of Professor Evans it was resolved that the action of the Standing Committee in approving of next Pacific Science Congress being held in 1937 in Fiji be confirmed.

Some discussion regarding the possibility of holding the seventh Congress in New Zealand in 1940 arose. The President informed the meeting that he had unofficially approached the Prime Minister and the Minister of Finance in the matter, and they had been quite sympathetic. The question then arose as to whether the British Association Meeting might be held in 1940. Professor Kirk moved and Professor Segar seconded: “That an endeavour be made to hold the British Association Meeting in New Zealand in 1940.”

Dr. Marshall stated that although he would welcome a British Association Meeting, he felt it his duty to move an amendment that the Pacific Science Congress be invited to meet in New Zealand in 1940 conditionally on finance being available. On being put to the

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meeting the amendment was lost. The motion moved by Professor Kirk with the addition of the words: “The President, the Vice-President, Dr. Marshall and Dr. Marsden approach the Government with a view to issuing an invitation,” was then put to the meeting and carried.

Cockayne Memorial Fund.—Attention was drawn to the fact that subscriptions were coming in very slowly, and on the motion of Professor Kirk, seconded by Mr. Hudson, it was resolved that Member Bodies be asked to bring the matter before their members again.

Hon. Treasurer's Report.—The following report of the Honorary Treasurer was read and the Statement of Receipts and Payments, Statement of Assets and Liabilities, Revenue Account (Income and Expenditure), and Trust Funds Revenue Accounts were adopted.

Honoraby Treasurer's Report.

The balance sheet for the twelve months ending 31st March, 1936, shows a balance of assets over liabilities of £758 2s 5d, as compared with £714 18s 10d on the 31st March, 1935.

The annual grant remains the same, viz., £500; sales of publications show a falling off of £25. Levy on Volume 64 produced £174 and compared with £180, the levy on Volume 63. While on the expenditure side the cost of printing works out at £137 per part, against £142 per part in the previous year, and from this average cost of £137 should be deducted authors' contributions totalling £39 16s.

The Carter Bequest Fund now stands at £10,423, an increase of £418 over the previous year. This indicates that the average interest earned on the investments of the fund is approximately 4.1/3%.

In my report twelve months ago I commented on the difficulty of securing suitable investments for trust funds, excepting at a low rate of interest; the position is a little better to-day. During the twelve months £734 3s 9d has been invested in New Zealand Government inscribed stock; this is estimated to return, with redemption on maturity, 3.83%. From a statement made by the new Government, the Trust Funds amounting to £253 15s invested in the Reserve Bank will be repaid on a basis of £6 5s per £5 share; this on the 42 shares represents a profit of £8 15s to the Society, 12 shares being bought at £5 each and 30 being bought at £6 6s 9d each. A fresh investment will have to be found for the amount refunded.

A new Trust Fund Account appears for the first time in the balance sheet, viz., The Cockayne Memorial Fund of £129 12s 10d.

Report on Member Bodies.

The amended rules require the Honorary Treasurer to certify in his Annual Report whether the affiliated societies are complying with the conditions of membership. I therefore certify that the Auckland Institute, the Wellington Philosophical Society, the Philosophical Institute of Canterbury, the Otago Institute and the Hawke's Bay Branch are so complying. The Nelson and Manawatu Societies have the requisite membership, but the balance sheets do not show that a minimum of £25 has been collected from members during the year as required in the amended rules gazetted 14th November, 1935 (see A, Clause 1).

I have again to compliment the Secretary on the manner in which the book and accounts have been kept.

M A. Eliott, Honorary Treasurer.

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[The section below cannot be correctly rendered as it contains complex formatting. See the image of the page for a more accurate rendering.]

The Royal Society of New Zealand.
Statement of Receipts and Payments for the Year Ending 31st March, 1936
£ s. d
Balance as at 31st March, 1935 1,315 15 10
Annual Grant 500 0 0
Sales of Publications 12 10 10
Levy, Vol. 64 Trans. Royal Society of N.Z. 174 10 6
Travelling Expenses–Member Bodies' share 13 0 0
Interest at Post Office Savings Bank 30 5 5
Research Grants Refunded 2 18 5
Favourable Exchange 1 0 11
Authors' Contributions to Cost of Papers 39 16 0
Carter Bequest Interest 419 11 4
Hector Memorial Fund Interest 52 18 11
Hutton Memorial Fund Interest 63 14 3
Sidey Summer-time Fund Interest 23 11 0
Hamilton Memorial Fund Interest 1 17 9
Carter Library Legacy Interest 8 1 4
Endowment Fund Interest 44 4 0
Trust Funds paid into Bank of New Zealand 768 8 2
£3,472 4 8
£ s. d.
Otago Daily Times (Vol. 64, Part 4, Vol. 65, Parts 1, 2, 3) 549 13 10
Salary 240 0 0
Stationery 8 7 4
Travelling Expenses 45 5 1
Government Printer–Gazetting Regulations 16 6 6
Government Printer–Cockayne Memorial Circular 3 8 6
Petty Cash 15 19 7
Research Grant Instalments 5 0 0
Hutton Research Grants 116 14 5
Hector Prize 50 0 0
Engraving Hector and Hutton Medals 1 0 6
Charges (Bank, Insurance, Audit, etc.) 5 14 0
Trust Funds–Audit 2 0 0
Carter Bequest–Interest invested 576 15 4
Endowment Fund–Interest invested 157 8 5
Trust Funds–Bank of N.Z. to P.O Savings Bank Accounts 18 14 5
Interest credited direct to P.O Savings Bank Accounts 569 14 7
Balance as under 1,090 2 2
£3,472 4 8
Bank of New Zealand–Balance 127 13 6
Post Office Savings Bank–Balance 955 18 4
1,083 11 10
Petty Cash in Hand 6 10 4
£1,090 2 2
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[The section below cannot be correctly rendered as it contains complex formatting. See the image of the page for a more accurate rendering.]

The Royal Society of New Zealand.
Statement of Liabilities and Assets as at 31st March, 1936
£ s. d.
Carter Bequest Capital Account 10,280 5 5
Hector Memorial Fund Capital Account 1,184 18 1
Hutton Memorial Fund Capital Account 1,314 8 6
T. K. Sidey Summer-time Fund Capital Account 515 9 [ unclear: ]
Hamilton Memorial Fund Capital Account 63 7 6
Carter Library Legacy Capital Account 100 0 0
Endowment Fund Capital Account 1,165 12 11
Carter Bequest Revenue Account 142 17 1
Hector Memorial Fund Revenue Account 79 8 11
Hutton Memorial Fund Revenue Account 207 15 11
T. K. Sidey Summer-time Fund Revenue Account 121 5 9
Hamilton Memorial Fund Revenue Account 3 9 5
Carter Library Legacy Revenue Account 86 9 8
Endowment Fund Revenue Account 98 9 10
Cockayne Memorial Fund Revenue Account 129 12 10
Library Fund Revenue Account 126 1 10
Research Grants Fund 137 12 0
Otago Daily Times Company, Ltd., Balance 0 12 0
Balance of Assets over Liabilities 759 2 5
£16.516 19 10
£ s. d.
Inscribed Stock 14,291 12 5
Reserve Bank Shares 253 15 0
Bank of New Zealand Balance 127 13 6
Post Office Savings Bank Balance 955 18 4
Petty Cash in Hand 6 10 4
Accounts Outstanding 27 1 5
Carter Bequest–P.O.S.B. Account 14 2 1
Hector Memorial Fund–P.O.S.B Account 80 8 11
Hutton Memorial Fund–P.O.S.B. Account 208 15 11
Sidey Summer-time Fund–P.O.S.B. Account 137 15 0
Hamilton Memorial Fund–P.O.S.B. Account 66 19 5
Carter Library Legacy–P.O.S.B. Account 86 14 8
Cockayne Memorial Fund–P.O.S.B. Account 129 12 10
£16,516 19 10

Examined and found correct.

G. F. C. Campbell,
Controller and Auditor-General.

M. A. Eliott, Hon. Treasurer.

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[The section below cannot be correctly rendered as it contains complex formatting. See the image of the page for a more accurate rendering.]

The Royal Society of New Zealand.
Revenue Account for the Year ending 31st March
, 1936.
£ s. d.
Printing Volumes 64 (4), 65 (1, 2, and 3) 414 11 4
Gazetting Regulations 16 6 6
Stationery 8 7 4
Salary 240 0 0
Charges (Audit, Bank, Insurance, etc.) 5 14 0
Travelling Expenses (Society's share) 32 5 1
Petty Cash 15 19 7
Balance 759 2 5
£1,492 6 3
£ s. d.
Balance at 31st March, 1935 714 18 10
Annual Grant 50 0 0
Authors' Contribution 39 10 0
Levy, Volume 64 174 10 6
Sales of Publications 1934–5 37 14 6
Sales of Publications 1935–6 18 6 0
Favourable Exchange 1 0 11
Trust Funds Administration Expenses 5 19 6
£1,492 6 3
By Balance £759 2 5

[The section below cannot be correctly rendered as it contains complex formatting. See the image of the page for a more accurate rendering.]

Trust Accounts for the Year ending 31st March, 1936.
Carter Bequest.
Dr. Cr.
£ s. d. £ s. d.
To Audit 0 15 0 By Balance 31/3/35 302 1 1
" Interest Invested 576 15 4 " Interest 419 11 4
" Administration Expenses 1 5 0
" Balance 142 17 1
£721 12 5 £721 12 5
By Balance £142 17 1
Hector Memorial Fund.
Dr. Cr.
£ s. d £ s. d.
To Audit 0 5 0 By Balance 31/3/35 78 2 3
" Prize 50 0 0 " Interest 52 18 11
" Engraving Medal 0 7 3
" Administration Exs. 1 0 0
" Balance 79 8 11
£131 1 2 £131 1 2
By Balance £79 8 11
Hutton Memorial Fund.
Dr. Cr.
– 435 –

[The section below cannot be correctly rendered as it contains complex formatting. See the image of the page for a more accurate rendering.]

£ s. d. By Balance 31/3/35 262 14 4
To Audit 0 5 0 " Interest 63 14 3
" Grants 116 14 5
" Engraving Medal 0 13 3
" Administration Exs 1 0 0
" Balance 207 15 11
£326 8 7 £326 8 7
By Balance £207 15 11
T. K. Sidey Summer-time Fund.
Dr. Cr.
£ s. d. £ s. d.
To Audit 0 5 0 By Balance 31/3/35 101 8 9
" Administration Exs. 1 2 0 " Interest 23 11 0
" One-tenth Income to Capital 2 7 0
" Balance 121 5 9
£124 19 9 £124 19 9
By Balance £121 5 9
Hamilton Memorial Fund.
Dr. Cr.
£ s. d. £ s. d.
To Audit Fee 0 2 6 By Balance 31/3/35 2 15 0
" Administration Exs. 0 2 6 " Interest 1 17 9
" Half Interest to Capital 0 18 4
" Balance 3 9 5
£4 12 9 £4 12 9
By Balance £3 9 5
Center Library Legacy
Dr. Cr.
£ s. d. £ s. d.
To Audit 0 2 6 By Balance 78 15 10
" Administration Exs. 0 5 0 " Interest 8 1 4
" Balance 86 9 8
£86 17 2 £86 17 2
By Balance £86 9 8
Cockayne Memorial Fund.
Dr. Cr.
£ s. d. £ s. d.
To Printing Circular 3 8 6 By Subscription 135 2 4
" Petty Cash 2 1 0
" Balance 129 12 10
£135 2 4 £135 2 4
By Balance £129 12 10
Endowment Fund.
Dr. Cr.
£ s. d. £ s. d.
– 436 –

[The section below cannot be correctly rendered as it contains complex formatting. See the image of the page for a more accurate rendering.]

To Audit 0 5 0 By Balance 31/3/35 220 13 4
" Interest Invested 157 8 5 " Interest 44 4 0
" Administration exs. 1 5 0 " Interest P.O.S.B. A/c. 30 5 5
" Sales 1934–5 credited to General Account 37 14 6
" Balance 98 9 10
£295 2 9 £295 2 9
By Balance £98 9 10

In his report the Honorary Treasurer had drawn attention to the fact that the Nelson and Manawatu Societies were not fulfilling the conditions laid down for Member Bodies in that the subscriptions received did not reach £25 annually. Professor Easterfield explained the position in regard to the Nelson Institute and the Nelson Philosophical Society, stating that the Nelson Institute, which was the member body, maintained a lending and reference library at an annual subscription, and the Nelson Philosophical Society, which was the scientific section of the Institute, paid an additional 7s 6d per annum per member in order to receive the Transactions. Some difficulty had been encountered in obtaining the Nelson Institute's balance sheet, but it was hoped to be able to forward one in due course.

A letter was read from the Manawatu Branch stating that so far it had not been possible to obtain in subscriptions the requisite amount of £25, but it was hoping to do so either by increasing the present subscription or by procuring new members, although this latter would be difficult on account of the transfer to other parts of New Zealand of members of the Plant Research Station. Letter received.

Report of Honorary Editor.

During the year ending March 31, 1936, the following Parts of the Transactions were published:—Volume 64, Part 4 (completed by the previous Editor), August, 1935. Volume 65, Part 1, September, 1935; Part 2, October, 1935; Part 3, December, 1935; Part 4, March, 1936.

The material for the first Part of Volume 66 is in the printer's hands. There remain the manuscripts of 18 papers, of which 10 are ready for the printer, the remainder being in the hands of referees or of authors for amendment.

The cost of printing these 18 papers is estimated roughly as £180. These could all be included in Parts 2 and 3 of Volume 66, to appear in September and December respectively.

The position now is that an author submitting a paper that does not require amendment may expect to have it printed within nine months, provided an abnormally large amount of copy does not come to hand. In view of this, I would consider that the Council consider raising (in approved cases) the limit of twenty pages at present imposed upon all papers accepted for publication, provided that it is understood that all manuscripts should be condensed as much as possible before being submitted to the Editor. Most of the papers published in the last two volumes have not suffered, but rather have been improved, by condensation to the twenty-page limit. But in some cases, where reduction has proved impossible, valuable material has been rejected or has been published at the author's own cost.

– 437 –

Regular publication is probably the best means by which accumulation of too much unpublished material may be avoided. It is recommended therefore than an endeavour be made to publish the four parts of each volume regularly at quarterly intervals, viz., in June, September, December, and March of each year.

As in previous years, much of the Editor's time has been taken up in amending carelessly composed manuscripts so that they may conform to the standards followed in the Transactions. These latter are set out briefly in the “Instructions to Authors” at the beginning of Volume 65. I would suggest that the Council consider the advisability and practicability of compiling a more detailed set of instructions to authors, as regards setting out of papers and correcting of proofs; these might be printed in the Transactions and reprints sent out to research centres and Member Bodies.

I take this opportunity of extending my thanks to Miss M. L. Fyfe, who has been responsible for correction of galley-proofs during the past year; also to referees who have furnished reports on manuscripts from time to time. I wish also to express my appreciation of the ready co-operation afforded by Mr H. Harris and other members of the staff of the Otago Daily Times in matters connected with printing.

F. J. Turner,
Honorary Editor.

23rd April, 1936.

The report of the Honorary Editor was considered and on the motion of Dr. Turner adopted.

Papers.—In regard to the suggestion of the Honorary Editor that papers of greater length than 20 pages be accepted, it was resolved on the motion of Professor Evans, seconded by Mr. Stead, that the recommendation of the Standing Committee that papers be considered on their merits be approved.

Rules for Authors.—On the motion of the President, seconded by Dr. Marshall, it was resolved that the Hon. Editor should be asked to draw up a set of revised Rules and submit them to the Standing Committee for consideration.

Theses.—Mr. Hudson suggested that the University should contribute to the cost of students' theses printed in the Transactions. Dr. Turner, Hon. Editor, said that very few of these were now published, and the few that were published were severely cut down in length.

Authors.—The question as to whether authors should be members of the Society was raised. Professor Easterfield considered that worthiness of the paper contributed should be the main consideration; as long as a paper was sponsored by a member the author should not necessarily have to be a member.

Publication.—Some discussion arose as to whether papers printed in the Transactions should be printed elsewhere and the consequent technicalities involved. The Honorary Editor pointed out that he followed the International Zoological Rules.

The meeting adjourned and resumed at 2.15 p.m.

The Roll-Call was again taken, the same members all being present.

– 438 –

Report of Honorary Librarian for the Library Committee.

His Lordship the Bishop of Waiapu,

President of the Royal Society of New Zealand.

The Report of the Library Committee last year dealt with the future housing and development of the Society's very valuable library.

At the Annual Meeting no decision was arrived at as to the best course to take. The Library Committee has considered the matter very carefully, and, as it thinks, very fully, but it has not been able to come to a decision to give any definite advice to the Standing Committee. It is thought best to state the position, with an indication of what seem to be the several advantages and disadvantages of each of the possible courses.

After there had been some preliminary conversations, the letter of 13th March, 1936, appended to this report, was received from Mr. T. D. H. Hall, Clerk of the House of Representatives. The letter indicates the position of the project for the establishment of a National Library. It will be seen that the Government approves of the principle of establishing such a library, and intends to go into the matter in detail at an early date. There is no further written word than this, but the Committee has no doubt as to the serious intention of the Government. Mr. Hall and Dr. Scholefield, Librarian of the Parliamentary Library, were kind enough to come to a meeting of the Library Committee. They gave us the fullest information in their power and acquainted themselves with what members of your Committee regarded as conditions that the Society would be likely to make in case of agreeing to join the project.

Position With Regard to Victoria University College.—The present position so far as Victoria University College is concerned is that we stand much in the way of its library extension, and it would be a great advantage to the College generally if we should vacate the room we new occupy. Yet there has been no suggestion that we should be asked to go. Indeed, it is of such advantage to certain of the Science Departments to have our Library in the College building that there will be a considerable amount of regret at our departure. From the point of view of the Society the only disadvantage of the present arrangement is that the growth of our library has made the present accommodation very inadequate.

In discussion with the Committee, Mr. Hall said that probably, in the event of the Society having to leave Victoria College in the interval between a decision to join the National Library and the establishment of that library, the Government would find it temporary accommodation in a fireproof building.

Position With Regard to the Dominion Museum.—A library room and stack room have been reserved for us at the Dominion Museum, and the Board of Trustees would welcome us there. The accommodation would be somewhat more adequate than that which we now have at Victoria College, but must soon become inadequate. It must not be forgotten, however, that the full building scheme of the Dominion Museum has not yet been completed. When it is completed, the Society will have been established there probably for some years, and it may then expect to be allowed adequate space and a better situation in the building.

Although the Dominion Museum is not at present so readily accessible as it might be, that position must, at a not distant time, be improved so far as transit by tram is concerned.

The Society's current expenses at the Dominion Museum would be limited to its share of the cost of telephone, lighting and perhaps cleaning. There must be the initial cost of removal and of furniture. It seems probable that the Museum Management Committee might provide shelving, a very serious item for the Society

At the Dominion Museum the Society's library would be independent of control except by the Society itself.

Position With Regard to the Projected National Library.—The points noted below have been discussed.


As a part of the National Library the Society's library could not remain a distinct unit. Its books would have a special book-plate and would be classified in the proper divisions of the Science section.

– 439 –

The Society's books would not be the property of the State, but a decision to join the National Library would be practically irrevocable. The Society would join under a condition similar to that under which the Library of the Smithsonian Institute became incorporated with the Library of Congress, as set forth in the appended copy of “Conditions of the Smithsonian Library.” The principal condition bearing on this phase of the question is as follows: “All the books, maps, charts of the Smithsonian Library shall be properly cared for and preserved as are those of the Congressional Library, from which the Smithsonian Library shall not be removed except of reimbursement by the Smithsonian Institution to the Treasury of the United States of expenses incurred in binding and in taking care of the same, or upon such terms and conditions as shall be mutually agreed upon by Congress and the Regents of the said Institution.”


Binding of serial or periodical publications to be regularly carried out by the National Library, and reasonable annual instalments of back numbers to be bound.


Cataloguing to be complete and kept up to date.


In cases in which sets do not date from the beginning of the publication, the sets to be completed as far as reasonably possible at the expense of the National Library. Hiatuses in volumes to be filled, probably by the Society. This last may be quite a serious item.


Each of the Society's volumes to have the Society's book-plate.


The Society to retain control of its exchange list. Any extension of the list not approved by the Society not to be at its expense.


Special privileges of borrowing books to be granted to members of the several member bodies. The clause in the Smithsonian agreement reads as follows:—“Under Section 3 the Smithsonian Institution, through its Secretary, was to have the use of the Library of Congress on the same terms as senators and representatives.” We cannot get at the meaning of the phrase “through its Secretary,” but suppose it means that borrowing members must be certified by the Institution's Secretary.


The National Library to have adequate postal and messenger service for the distribution of books to working members.


The Society's Secretary, as an officer in charge of the Exchange List, to be a part-time officer of the Library, at an adequate salary, and to have office accommodation.


The removal of the Society's library, if agreed upon, to be at the expense of the National Library.


There should be a Board of Management of the National Library, and on this Board the Society should be adequately represented.


It has been pointed out that the case of the Smithsonian Institution was not altogether parallel with ours, seeing that it has a number of libraries specially for research workers, and it was its main library only that was merged with that of Congress. That step was taken mainly to secure safety.

Cloudland.—In the minds of many, perhaps of most, members of the Society is a wish that it were possible for the Institute to have its own building, or, at least, to have a share in a Science House, still in Cloudland. A decision to join the National Library will mean that our library cannot be in Science House. The Society of Civil Engineers has been considering the establishment of a building, and in that building, if we had the money, we could rent rooms. But probably if we had the money we should not want to be tenants.

On behalf of the Library Committee,
Faithfully yours,

H. B. Kirk, Honorary Librarian.

[Copy.] Office of the Clerk, House of Representatives, Wellington, 13th March, 1936.

– 440 –
Professor H. B. Kirk,
Chairman Library Committee,
Royal Society of New Zealand,

Dear Sir,

Adverting to proposals which have been ventilated on several occasions for the incorporation in a National Library of the scientific library of the Royal Society of New Zealand to your interview with me on the subject, I am directed to inform you that the Government has approved of the principle of establishing a National Library and intends to go into the matter in detail at an early date.

It has also approved of the proposal that the Royal Society's library should be incorporated on terms mutually acceptable to the parties. Pending the erection of a suitable library building, we can, I think, offer satisfactory accommodation for the Society's library if it is necessary for it to quit its present premises. It is suggested that if the proposals are acceptable to the Society it appoint representatives to meet me and the Chief Librarian with a view to drawing up satisfactory terms for the incorporation of the Library which can then be submitted both to the Government and to the Society. I shall be glad to arrange a suitable time for such a conference.

Yours faithfully,

T. D. H. Hall,
Clerk of the House of Representatives.

Conditions of the Smithsonian Library.

By an Act of Congress dated 5th April, 1866, it was provided that the Library collected by the Smithsonian Institution should be removed to the Library of Congress (with the consent of the Smithsonian regents), and was, while there deposited, to be subject to the same regulations as the Library of Congress.

The Smithsonian Institution was to have the use of the Library in the same manner as heretofore, and the public was to have access to it for purposes of consultation on every ordinary work day except during one month of each year (for cleaning, etc.). “All books, maps, and charts of the Smithsonian library shall be properly cared for and preserved in like manner as are those of the Congressional library, from which the Smithsonian library shall not be removed except on reimbursement by the Smithsonian Institution to the Treasury of the United States of expenses incurred in binding and in taking care of the same, or upon such terms and conditions as shall be mutually agreed upon by Congress and the Regents of the said Institution.” (House Documents, Vol. 113, Pt. 1, p. 662.)

Under Section 3 the Smithsonian Institution, through its Secretary, was to have the use of the Library of Congress on the same terms as senators and representatives.

By Section 4 the Library of Congress was authorized to employ two additional assistants (£160 and £200 per annum) to be paid for by the Treasury, and the Treasury voted £100 for expenses of removal.

During the debate in Congress it was stated, March 27, 1860, that the Bill did not transfer the title of the books: “It is the custody of the books that is transferred to the Library for safekeeping as well as for better accommodation for the public.” The reason for the mutual arrangement was to make the books safer, as they were in a building that was not fireproof.

– 441 –

Extracts from the Report of the Library of Congress for 1931, p. 367:—

“The Smithsonian deposit is the main library of the Smithsonian Institution. It is not, as some have supposed, co-extensive with the Smithsonian division. Instead, consisting, as is the case, of publications of many types and on many subjects, it is distributed throughout the various divisions of the Library of Congress according to classification. But as the collection is prevailingly scientific and technical in character, it is shelved for the most part in the Smithsonian division, side by side with the collection belonging to that division. The deposit was established in 1866 when, under the authority of a special Act of Congress, the Smithsonian Institution transferred its library of 40,000 volumes to the Library of Congress.

The 65 years that have passed have been years of marvellous scientific progress, both in the United States and abroad, and through the world-wide Smithsonian exchanges have brought to the Institution—and so to the deposit—a wealth of publications, until to-day the collection numbers considerably more than half a million volumes, pamphlets and charts. Among them are not only the standard monographs and files of the chief scientific periodicals issued during the 85 years of Smithsonian activity, but sets of reports, proceedings, and transactions of the learned institutions and societies of the world, including in most instances the earliest numbers of the important series.

To the investigator, therefore, the deposit offers one of the richest storehouses of scientific material to be found anywhere. In addition to the publications sent to the deposit, several thousand documents of foreign governments received by the Smithsonian Library were forwarded without being stamped or entered to the Division of Documents in the Library of Congress. The result was that many more documents than usual went directly to the Library of Congress without being opened by the Smithsonian Library or even passing through it.

Exchange relations for 115 new publications were entered into on behalf of the deposit. Several large sendings were received, the largest consisting of 331 volumes. …

It may be added that the Smithsonian Library, at the happy suggestion of the Chief of the Smithsonian Division, arranged to have portraits made of the founder and five secretaries of the Institution, to be presented to the Library of Congress for the gallery of eminent scientists that is being formed by the Division. They will soon be finished.”

Note.—Professor Kirk presented the foregoing report to a meeting of the Standing Committee held on the 5th May, 1936, and a general discussion took place regarding the various advantages and disadvantages as outlined in the report.

It was resolved that it be a recommendation to the Annual Meeting: “That in view of the proposal to establish a National Library in New Zealand, the Standing Committee does not deem it desirable at the present juncture to remove from Victoria University College.”

The report was referred to the Annual Meeting.

The report of the Honorary Librarian, Professor H. B. Kirk, was considered, and on the motion of Professor Kirk, seconded by Professor Evans, was received.

On the motion of Dr. Marsden, seconded by Professor Kirk, the meeting went into Committee to discuss the future of the Society's library. Professor Kirk outlined the advantages and disadvantages of the proposal to transfer to the Dominion Museum and the proposal to join in with the National Library scheme.

After a good deal of discussion the Council resumed open meeting, and on the motion of Professor Kirk, seconded by Dr. Marshall, it was resolved: “That the Society is prepared to have its Library administered as part of the Scientific Division of the proposed

– 442 –

National Library on conditions to be mutually agreed upon, provided that such Library is established within a reasonable time, say, five years; further, that the Standing Committee be empowered to draw up and discuss with Government representatives the desired conditions.”

Report of Research Grantees.

Mr. B. C. Aston, who in 1926 took over from Dr. Malcolm a balance of £9 16s 7d for research on the Pukatea, reported on the 21st April, 1936, that Dr. W. S. Fogg's work of pukateine, the chief alkaloid in the bark of the tree, originally discovered by the grantee, has been published in the American Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics for June, 1935, although received by the Editor of that Journal in June, 1934. Since the publication of Dr. Fogg's paper, Mr. Aston has supplied direct to firms in Europe and America amounts of the dried bark for which those firms refunded the cost of collection and postage.

The possibility of the use of pukateine in medicine is foreshadowed by Dr. Fogg's statement in his published paper:—

Pukateine in doses of 10 mgm. were found to act in a manner similar to morphine. In view of the close relationship to apomorphine, the patients were carefully questioned concerning any nausea they may have experienced as a result of a subcutaneous injection of the drug. In one patient with secondary carcinoma of the spine with attacks of root pain, 10 mgm. proved effective in producing alleviation of the pain on several occasions. In another patient with carcinoma of the stomach, suffering from pain in the region of the epigastrium and nausea, the injection of 10 mgm. produced sleep, alleviation of pain and no increase in the nausea. In no case in which it has been used in this dosage has there been observed nausea or vomiting. Further work is being carried out, but at present the drug would appear to approximate to morphine in its power to alleviate pain.

Dr. Fogg regrets that since his return to New Zealand he has not been able to carry out much experimental work owing to increased professional duties at the Hospital. However, he expects shortly to again attack the research. It is hoped in due course to supply other investigators approved by Dr. Fogg with pure material for their individual researches.

The unexpended balance in the grant amounts to £2 19s 7d.

Miss L. M. Cranwell, who in 1930 was granted £20 for an ecological survey of the marine algae, reported on the 1st April that she has been absent from New Zealand during the greater part of the year, and while abroad she took the opportunity of visiting several algologists and has had access to the collections in their charge. At Lund she saw Agardh's types of New Zealand algae collected by Dr. Berggren, and received duplicates of much of his most important material from Professor Skottesberg. She gave illustrated lectures of New Zealand algae in Uppsala, Stockholm and Gothenburg.

The whole of the grant has been expended.

Dr. G. H. Cunningham, who in 1929 was granted £25 for a mycological survey of the Tongariro National Park, reported on the 1st May that he had been unable during the year to visit the Park. No expenses were incurred, and the balance stands at £18 1s.

Dr. O. H. Frankel, who in 1929–30 was granted £42 10s and in addition a Hutton grant of £25 for research on the cytology of New Zealand plants, reported on the 30th April that during the year he had spent two and a-half months at the John Innes Horticultural Institute in London, which period was chiefly occupied with a study of micro-slides brought from New Zealand. A considerable amount of new information on the cytology of Hebe and Veronica was obtained.

A paper for the International Botanical Conference in Amsterdam was concluded and will be published shortly. A further paper is now in the hands of a New Zealand Journal. It is hoped to conclude a study of Hebe and Veronica

– 443 –

in the course of the coming season and to publish a monograph on the subject. In the meantime material for other genera is being prepared, comprising chiefly grasses and liliaceous plants. The Hutton grant of £25 was expended as a grant in aid at the John Innes Horticultural Institution.

Mr. A. W. B. Poweill, who in 1925 was granted £50 for research on molluscan fauna, reported on the 27th April that the whole of the grant has been expended, and the results are to be incorporated in the Reports of the Waitemata Harbour Survey.

Mr H. F. Skey, who took over from Captain Isitt in 1926 the balance of a grant for Upper Air research, and who in 1927 was granted an additional £175, reported on the 29th April that the expense of making pilot balloon flights and reducing same is now borne by the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, and these flights are observed daily, weather permitting, except on Sundays and holidays. The resultant data for direction and velocity of the air motion up to 3300 metres are coded and telegraphed to the Dominion Meteorologist for use in weather forecasting and for the information of aeroplane pilots.

In view of the increased activity in aviation, observations are being continued in Christchurch. The whole of the apparatus, including the aerotheodolite (large aperture) and the slide rule purchased out of the grant are in good order. The second aero-theodolite, at the request of the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, was forwarded to Auckland for use there.

Mr. Skey considers that the accuracy of the observations and their utility is much enhanced by their being made at a permanent observatory, and he urges a continuation of the work. In his opinion the observations made in Auckland, which is more or less on the fringe of the New Zealand network, will be of direct advantage in the prediction of North Island weather.

Up to date 1566 flights have been observed at Christchurch.

There is an unexpended balance of £48 1s 4d in the grant.

Waitemata Harbour Committee, which in 1925 was granted £65 and an additional Hutton grant of £25, reported through Mr. Powell on the 27th April that further dredging trips have been made during the year, but it was not possible to finalise the work owing to unfavourable weather. However, it is hoped to do this next season.

Mr. Falla has added to his reports on the feeding and seasonal distribution of sea birds, and Mr. Powell has done similar work with the fishes. Miss Cranwell's work on the seaweeds has been curtailed during the past six months owing to her absence in Europe.

There is an unexpended balance of £6 11s 3d in the grant.

Messrs R. A. Falla and A. W. B. Powell were in 1934 granted £40 from the Hutton Fund for research on the molluscan and bird fauna of the Sub-Antarctic Islands of New Zealand. On the 29th April Mr. Falla reported that no work has been done in connection with this research.

As late as the 12th March, 1936, the Marine Department advised them that the proposed trip of the Government steamer to the Sub-Antarctic Islands had been postponed and would possibly take place next summer. In the circumstances, Messrs Falla and Powell would esteem it a favour if the amount could be held over for work at the end of this year.

The reports of the various grantees were considered and adopted.

Tongariro National Park Board.

Report of Representative for the Year ending 31st March, 1936

No meetings of the full Board have been held during the year, the business being left by consent to the Wellington Executive Committee. Three meetings of the Wellington Executive Committee have been held in Wellington, all of which were attended by your representative.

The printed report of the previous year's operations, that is to 31st March, 1935, is included in Parliamentary Paper C-10, “Public Domains and National Parks of New Zealand,” which is being circulated with the papers for this Annual Meeting of the Royal Society.

– 444 –

An interesting report by Mr. C. M. Smith, a member of the Society's Council, dealing with the trees of the Park, is printed in the report. Mr. Smith's paper also deals with a few exotic trees planted in that portion of the Park which was included when the boundaries were extended. He mentions the possibility of eliminating them, but stresses the greater menace of the heather, and states that it is spreading freely in the tussock grasslands in the north-east corner of the Park.

The introduction of foreign plants is bad enough, but it is a past sin. What is one to think of the recent introduction of trout fry into the streams of the National Park which has been permitted by a great majority of the votes of the Board? A further application for the introduction of more fry is to come up at the next meeting.

The introduction of foreign animals into the Park is strictly against this Society's policy. The excuse for so doing is that the trout may prove an additional attraction to the Chateau's visitors. On the other hand, the trout cannot fail to destroy the native fish in the streams, which are also an attraction to naturalist visitors to the Park.

I consider that there is great danger that the welfare of the Chateau and its economic success may be placed before the welfare of the National Park.

In the report of the honorary warden, Mr. Cullen, it is stated that “Native wild life is fast disappearing from the north-west side of the Park owing to swarms of cats which have gone wild, which now infest it, as well as the damage done by stoats and weasels, which are also numerous there. Tuis, which used to be plentiful there some years ago, are now rarely seen or heard there.” The warden also regrets that although the Park has been free from fire during the last year, in the past the tussock fires have so seriously damaged or destroyed isolated patches of bush that they have now completely disappeared at Moturoa.

B. C. Aston.

22nd April, 1936.

The report presented by Mr. B. C. Aston, representative on the Park Board, was adopted.

Ward Island Domain Board.

Report of Representative.

The Annual Meeting of the Board was held in August, 1935.

Three members were removed through not attending the required number of meetings, while the appointment of two new members was reported.

The Island was not visited by the Board during the year, but reports from yachtsmen indicate that the growth of vegetation is fairly satisfactory.

W. R. B. Oliver.

23rd April, 1936

The report presented by Dr. W. R. B. Oliver, representative on the Ward Island Domain Board, was adopted.

Great Barrier Reef Committee.

Report of Representative.

The Committee met three times during the year 1935.

A considerable amount of discussion took place regarding the proposed British Expedition to the Great Barrier Reef, and a sub-committee was set up to deal with it. It was decided that the expedition should come out in October, 1936, and be stationed in the Capricorn Group. The sub-committee recommended that £1000 be raised by the General Committee.

During most of the year Mr. Moorhouse has continued his investigation on Low Island. A paper on the effects of the cyclone of 1934 has been prepared for publication. Work covered reef survey, sea-floor analyses, beche-de-mer. and tidal exposure experiments.

The financial statement showed a balance on the 29th November, 1935, of £2006 18s 7d, of which £1500 was represented by bonds.

W. R. B. Oliver.

23rd April, 1936.

The report of Dr. Oliver, representative on the Great Barrier Reef Committee, was adopted.

– 445 –

National Art Gallery and Dominion Museum.

Report of Board of Trustees for the Year ending 31st March, 1936.

Meetings.—During the year seven meetings of the Board have been held and all have been attended by the Society's statutory representatives or their deputies.

Building.—The main contract has been completed and the building handed over to the Board of Trustees. It is proposed to open the building formally on August 1, 1936.

Fittings.—A tender by Billiards Ltd. has been accepted for showcases, etc., and the work is well in hand.

Museum Management Committee.—The Management Committee provided for in the Act has been duly appointed. Seven of its nine members had to be nominated by the Society, which forwarded the names of the President (the Bishop of Waiapu), Mr. J. C. Andersen, Mr. B. C. Aston, Professor J. Rankine Brown, Professor H. B. Kirk, Mr. N. T. Lambourne and Dr. P. Marshall. All these nominations were subsequently approved by the Board of Trustees.

The Museum Management Committee has already met and appointed the necessary sub-committees.

Finance.—The finances are still in a satisfactory state, and it is probable that the money now available will be sufficient to complete the work still remaining to be done.

Grounds.—Arrangements have been made with the City Council for the necessary roading and lay-out at a cost not exceeding £4000.

National Art Gallery.—Several valuable paintings have been given to the Gallery during the year, and a really fine collection of paintings by noted artists is being sent out by the Empire Art Loan Collections Society for the opening ceremony.

W. P. Evans

4th May, 1936.

Professor Evans presented the report of the Board of Trustees of the National Art Gallery and Dominion Museum, which was adopted.

New Zealand Institute of Horticulture.

Report of Representative for the Year ending 30th September, 1935.

It will be noticed that the end of the financial year of the Institute has been changed from 31st March to 30th September. It was thought that the date in question should be nearer the date at which the annual conference of Horticulture is held, namely, late summer.

Journal.—It has been decided to print the Journal of the Institute more frequently, and it has accordingly been issued quarterly.

Meetings.—Monthly meetings of the Executive were held during the year, most of which were attended by your representative or by Dr. Oliver (Editor of the Journal of the Institute of Horticulture).

Education.—An attempt to obtain the support of the Wellington City Council for a scheme to enable trainees in horticulture to be instructed at the city's botanical gardens has not yet met with success. The absence of adequate glass-house accommodation is urged as a reason against the proposal to the city authorities. The matter is still receiving attention by the Institute.

The organisation of the examinations for certificates and registration of horticultural students and florists and seedsmen has been dealt with in the direction indicated by the Honorary Examination Board.

Preservation of Native Bush.—This has occupied a share of attention, and other authorities dealing with the matter have been assisted in their efforts to prevent unnecessary destruction of native bush; that on Mount Holdsworth. Piano Flat (Southland) and Mount Pirongia was dealt with.

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The extermination of plant-eating animals in forests was also the occasion of a deputation to the Hon. Minister which included delegates from the Institute.

A successful horticultural conference was held in Auckland on 4th March at which resolutions were passed dealing with Arbor Day, tree protection from Fire Boards and forest preservation, establishment of national botanical gardens, reconstitution of the Scenery Preservation Board, prevention of erosion, exclusion of alien plants and animals from national parks, prohibition of further clearing of forests.

Organiser.—The Institute has suffered a severe loss in the death of Mr. G. A. Green, Dominion Organiser, who was an extremely efficient officer of the Institute.

Cockayne Memorial Medal.—The Institute has arranged for a gold medal in memory of the late Leonard Cockayne to be given annually to the best student in the examination of the diploma of horticulture, provided always that there is some candidate of sufficient merit.

B. C. Aston.

22nd April, 1936

The report presented by Mr. Aston, representative on the Institute of Horticulture, was adopted.

Liaison With Kindred Societies.

Report of Sub-committee

Although definitely of the opinion that any effective step towards closer co-operation between the Royal Society and certain other active scientific bodies in New Zealand must prove of advantage to New Zealand science generally, your Committee has been unable to come to any satisfactory conclusion as to how such closer co-operation might best be secured.

It seemed evident to the Committee that, on the one hand, any such co-operating society would naturally require some form of representation on the Council or Standing Committee of the Royal Society and on the other hand, that no such representation could legally be given without an amendment of the Royal Society Act.

This difficulty might perhaps be overcome temporarily by the appointment by a co-operating society of one of the members of the Council of the Royal Society to act as its representative.

Your Committee recommends that, if any action is taken by the Council in the matter, only those societies of recognised scientific standing be approached.

9th May, 1936

W. P. Evans, Vice-President.

A report by the convener of the Committee set up to consider this matter, Professor Evans, was considered. Professor Shelley reported on the attitude of the Philosophical Institute of Canterbury in the matter.

Several members considered that in view of the tendency to establish specialised societies it would be a good thing if a liaison with certain other scientific societies could be brought about.

Mr. Stead suggested that the Committee should meet and discuss the matter with representatives of other societies.

Finally it was resolved that the existing Committee, namely, Professor Evans, Dr. Marshall, Mr. Aston and Dr. Oliver, with the addition of Professor Kirk and Dr. Marsden, should continue to act and bring down a further report.

A. and N.Z.A.A.S.—A letter dated 25th May, 1936, from Mr. Archey, secretary of the 1937 meeting of the A. and N.Z.A.A.S., was read. Mr. Archey stated that arrangements were in train for the meeting to be held in Auckland from the 12th to the 19th January,

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1937. The Government had confirmed its undertaking to assist financially, and had agreed to give the Australian members a free rail pass to Rotorua. Steamer concessions of 10 per cent. had been granted by the U.S.S. Company and the Huddart Parker Company, and the Railway Department was also giving a concession on fares. He asked for the co-operation of the Council in making the meeting a success.

On the motion of Professor Easterfield, seconded by Professor Evans, it was resolved to bring the matter before the Member Bodies.

On the motion of Dr. Marsden, seconded by Professor Easterfield, it was resolved that the Standing Committee take into consideration the holding of a meeting in Auckland at the same time.

Wild Life Control.—A letter from the New Zealand Forestry League asking for representation on the Society's Wild Life Committee was read. On the motion of Mr. Stead, seconded by Dr. Oliver, it was resolved: “That the Wild Life Committee set up by this Society in 1934 with such alterations in the personnel as shall be decided by the Standing Committee bring down a report for presentation to the Hon. Minister for Internal Affairs.

Hutton Grant.—An application from Mr. C. O. Hutton for £30 for field study of the Metamorphic and Intrusive Rocks of the Lake Wakatipu Region was granted.

Index Volumes 52–63.—It was reported that the page-proofs of the Index Volumes 52–63 had been received. On the motion of Dr. Marshall, seconded by Professor Segar, it was resolved that Major R. A. Wilson be cordially thanked for preparing the Index to the Transactions as well as Professor Kirk, Dr. Oliver and Dr. Marwick for the work of revision.

Blocks.—Professor Evans reported that Mr. Aston and he had inspected the blocks of plates used in the Transactions which had been stored in the old Dominion Museum and had now to be removed and they considered them valueless to the Society. The Government Printer would not make any offer for them. The disposal of the blocks was left in the hands of Professor Evans and Mr. Aston.

Election of Officers.—President, the Rt. Rev. Bishop Williams (re-elected); Vice-President, Professor W. P. Evans (re-elected); Hon. Treasurer, Mr. M. A. Eliott (re-elected); Hon. Librarian, Professor H. B. Kirk (re-elected); Hon. Editor, Dr. F. J. Turner (re-elected); Associate Hon. Editor, Dr. C. H. Laws; Assistant Hon. Editor, Miss M. L. Fyfe (re-elected); Hon. Returning Officer, Professor H. W. Segar (re-elected); Co-opted Member, Dr. P. Marshall (re-elected); Managers Trust Funds, Messrs. Eliott and Aston (re-elected); Representative Great Barrier Reef Committee: Dr. W. R. B. Oliver (re-elected); Representative Institute of Horticulture. Mr. B. C. Aston (re-elected); Board of Trustees National Art Gallery and Dominion Museum, The Standing Committee was empowered to appoint representatives when the existing Board of Trustees Act is amended.

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Election of Committees.—Mr. T. R. Barrer was nominated to act on the Museum Management Committee during the absence of Mr. J. C. Andersen.

Observatories Committee: Dr. C. C. Farr and Professor P. W. Burbidge.

Hector Award Committee: Professor Evans (convener), Professor Easterfield, Mr. Aston and Professor Robertson.

Finance Committee: Mr. Eliott, Mr. Aston and Dr. Marsden.

Fellowship Selection Committee: Dr. Marsden (convener), Dr. Oliver, Professor Kirk, Mr. Aston and Dr. J. Henderson.

Research Committee: The Standing Committee.

Research Sub-Committee: Dr. Marsden (convener), Dr. Marshall, Dr. Kidson and Dr. Oliver.

Votes of Thanks.—Hearty votes of thanks were accorded to the President, the Vice-President, Miss Wood, the Council of Victoria University College, and the Press.

Annual Meeting, 1937.—The date and place of the next annual meeting were left in the hands of the Standing Committee.