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Volume 67, 1938
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Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand

Minutes of the Annual Meeting of the Council, 27th May, 1937.

The Annual Meeting of the Council of the Royal Society was held in the Council Room, Victoria University College, Wellington, on Thursday, 27th May, 1937, at 10 a.m.

Present: The President, the Right Reverend Bishop Williams; the Vice-President, Professor W. P. Evans;

Representing the Government: Mr. B. C. Aston, Dr. W. R. B. Oliver, Dr. E. Marsden, and Professor E. R. Hudson;

Representing Auckland Institute: Professor H. W. Segar;

Representing Wellington Philosophical Society: Professor H. B. Kirk;

Representing Canterbury Branch: Professor J. Shelley and Mr. E. F. Stead;

Representing Otago Branch: Dr. F. J. Turner.

Representing Hawke's Bay Branch: Mr. G. V. Hudson.

The Honorary Treasurer, Mr. M. A. Eliott, also attended.

Apologies: Apologies for absence were received from His Excellency the Governor-General, the Hon. Minister for Scientific and Industrial Research, Professor J. Park, and Dr. G. H. Cunningham.

Presidential Address: The Rt. Rev. Bishop Williams then read his Presidential Address, in which he referred to the loss the world of science had sustained by the deaths of Dr. R. J. Tillyard, F.R.S., and Mr. E. Phillips Turner, both Fellows of the Society. Mention was also made of Sir Francis Bell, Mr. H. K. Wilkinson, Mr. C. H. Treadwell, Mr. A. J. Entrican, and Mr. L. T. Griffin, members of the Society who had died during the year.

The President also congratulated Dr. J. E. Holloway on his being elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of London.

At the conclusion of the address, on the motion of Mr. Aston, it was resolved to thank the President and to ask him to allow his address to be printed.

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Mr. Eliott's Services: On the motion of Professor Evans, seconded by Bishop Williams, it was resolved:

“That the Council of the Royal Society of New Zealand places on record its sincere appreciation of the valuable services rendered by Mr. M. A. Eliott to the Royal Society, and to its predecessor the New Zealand Institute, as a member of the Council, as Hon. Treasurer and as joint Manager of Trust Accounts during the past sixteen years.

“The Council lays particular stress upon Mr. Eliott's services as Hon. Treasurer and feels that it owes very much to his soundly conservative advice.”

Honours: On the motion of Professor Evans, seconded by Professor Kirk, it was resolved:

“That the Council of the Royal Society of New Zealand, in annual meeting assembled, congratulates Sir A. P. W. Thomas on the honour conferred upon him by His Majesty the King and sincerely hopes that he may long enjoy an honour so well deserved.”

Hector Award: Professor Evans read the report of the Hector Award Committee as follows:—

The Hector Award Committee appointed in May, 1936, unanimously recommends that the Hector Medal and Prize for 1937 be awarded to Dr. J. R. Hosking for outstanding work in connexion with the chemistry of New Zealand plants.

The Committee is of opinion that Dr. Hosking has definitely added to the world's knowledge of plant resins, and draws special attention to his work on the resin and essential oil of the kauri, the resins of the genus Dacrydium, and the toxic principle of the ragwort.

W. P. Evans, Convener.

On the motion of Professor Evans, seconded by Mr. Aston, it was resolved to adopt the Committee's recommendation and award the Hector Medal and Prize to Dr. J. R. Hosking.

Amount of Prize: On the motion of Mr. Eliott it was resolved that the amount of the prize be £50.

Honorary Members: Sir J. Gowland Hopkins and Sir David Rivett were elected to the two vacancies in the Honorary Membership.

Award Committees: Professor Evans drew attention to the growing practice of forming a new Award Committee by simply adding the last medallist to the previous committee. He did not consider this practice to be sound; it did not necessarily form the best available committee; it might easily result in a committee being too large; it must often put an even number on the committee.

Declaration of Vacancies.—Hon. Membership: It was announced that through the death of Dr. R. J. Tillyard there was one vacancy to be filled at the next annual meeting. Fellowship: It was announced that owing to the deaths of Dr. R. J. Tillyard and Mr. E. Phillips Turner there were two vacancies to be filled at the next annual meeting.

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Report of the Standing Committee for the Year ending 31st March, 1937.

Meetings: During the year seven meetings of the Standing Committee were held and were attended as follows:—The President, the Rt. Rev. Bishop Williams, Napier, 3; the Vice-President, Professor W. P. Evans, Wellington, 7; Mr. B. C. Aston, Wellington, 7; Mr. M. A. Eliott, Palmerston North, 1; Mr. G. V. Hudson, Wellington, 7; Professor H. B. Kirk, Wellington, 4; Dr. E. Marsden, Wellington, 4; Dr. P. Marshall, Wellington, 6; Dr. W. R. B. Oliver, Wellington, 3; Mr. C. M. Smith, Wellington, 2.

The thanks of the Society are due to the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research for the use of the Council Room for its Standing Committee meetings throughout the year.

Publications: The whole of Volume 66 is now in print, the final Part being published just before the 31st March. The material for Part 1 of Volume 67 was selected by the Publications Committee on the recommendation of the Honorary Editor on the 9th March.

The Index to Volumes 52–63, being the final Index to the Transactions of the New Zealand Institute, was published in July, 1936, and is filling a long-felt need.

Finances: In May, 1936, the President and Vice-President interviewed the Hon. Mr. Nash, Minister of Finance, and placed the position of the Society before him. Mr. Nash stated that it might be possible to make a small increase in the grant and that he would consider the matter when the Budget was being prepared. The increase proved to be small indeed, being only £100, making the annual grant £600 instead of £1500 which it was in 1931.

Despite that, however, the last Part of Volume 65, the four Parts of Volume 66, the Index Volumes 52–63 were financed and the cuts in the Secretary's salary restored.

On the recommendation of the Finance Committee the Standing Committee authorised the conversion of £3910 4 per cent. 1937–40 Stock into 3 per cent. 1939–41 Stock on behalf of the Carter Bequest.

Library: The position in regard to the Library remains the same. No further information regarding the proposed National Library has been received. Some temporary measures to relieve the acute congestion are becoming almost imperative.

The Library is being increasingly used not only by Wellington members, but also by those in other centres of New Zealand, several publications being posted to them during the year.

An endeavour has been made to fill many of the gaps in the series of certain publications with very good results and during the transfer of the Dominion Museum to its new building quite a number of missing books were recovered. These had apparently been stored in the old Museum attic.

A most valuable donation of over one hundred meteorological books was received through the Royal Meteorological Society from the Library of Mr Francis Druce. For want of room in our own Library these books, through the courtesy of Dr. Kidson, are in the meantime being housed in the Meteorological Department in Kelburn.

Exchange List: On the recommendation of the Library Committee the following names were added to the Exchange List at a meeting of the Standing Committee held on May 5, 1936:—

  • Department of Agriculture, Taihoku, Formosa, Japan.

  • Lingnan Science Journal, The University, Canton, China.

  • National Research Council of the Philippine Islands.

  • Oklahoma Geological Survey, U.S.A.

  • Goteborg Museum, Sweden.

Member Bodies: On the 3rd September. 1936, the Philosophical Institute of Canterbury intimated that it had decided to alter its title to “Royal Society of New Zealand, Canterbury Branch.” This makes the fourth society to adopt the title of “Branch.”

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On the 4th September the Manawatu Branch stated that its membership had increased, and it is now in a position to comply with the Rules laid down for Member Bodies.

The following reports and balance sheets have been received:—

  • Wellington Philosophical Society for the year ending 30th September, 1936.

  • Otago Branch for the year ending 31st October, 1936.

  • Canterbury Branch for the year ending 31st October, 1936.

  • Auckland Institute for the year ending 31st March, 1936.

  • Nelson Institute for the year ending 31st December, 1936.

  • Hawke's Bay Branch for the year ending 31st December, 1936.

  • Manawatu Branch for the period ending 3rd November, 1936.

  • The Honorary Treasurer has reported on these in his annual report.

Fellowship: As a result of the election at the last annual meeting, on the 11th June, 1936, Dr. Kathleen Curtis and Mr. E. Phillips Turner were gazetted Fellows of the Royal Society of New Zealand.

No vacancies in the Fellowship were declared at the last annual meeting, but it is with deep regret that the vacancy caused through the death of Dr. R. J. Tillyard will have to be announced at the next annual meeting.

Honorary Members: On the 21st July, Member Bodies were notified of two vacancies in the Honorary Membership and were asked to forward nominations. Seven nominations have been received, and from these two will be elected at the annual meeting in May.

The late Dr. R. J. Tillyard was also an Honorary Member and the resulting vacancy will have to be announced at the annual meeting.

Hector Award: On the 22nd July, at a meeting of the Wellington Philosophical Society, the President, the Rt. Rev. Bishop Williams, presented the Hector medal and prize to Dr. Oliver in recognition of his botanical researches. In presenting the medal, the President stated that had it not been given to Dr. Oliver for botany, it might quite well have been given to him for biology.

In replying, Dr. Oliver acknowledged his debt to the Royal Society of New Zealand for printing his publications. “Had it not done so,” he said, “I would not have been known as a botanist.”

The presentation of the 1934 Hector medal, which for various reasons had been delayed, took place at Perth at a meeting of the Royal Society of Western Australia. Acting on behalf of the Royal Society of New Zealand, the President, Mr. F. G. Forman, presented the medal to Professor C. E. Weatherburn for his mathematical researches. At the request of the President, Professor Weatherburn gave a brief history of Sir James Hector and of his own contribution to the study of higher mathematics.

T. K. Sidey Summer-time Award: On the recommendation of the Award Committee (to which the last annual meeting had given an extension of time) at a meeting of the Standing Committee held on the 24th July, 1936, it was decided to award the T. K. Sidey Summer-time medal and prize of £100 to Sir Leonard Hill.

As on a previous occasion, arrangements were made with the Royal Society of London to act on our behalf, and on the 25th February the presentation to Sir Leonard Hill of the medal and prize was made by Sir William Bragg, who addressed the meeting. The High Commissioner for New Zealand was present at the meeting.

Research: The application to the Carnegie Corporation of New York for a grant to carry out a comprehensive programme of research in New Zealand was replied to on the 20th April, 1936, by the President, Dr. Keppel, who stated that the funds for that year were exhausted, but that consideration would be given to the proposals after the 1st October, 1936, the beginning of the Corporation's fiscal year. No further advice has, as yet, been received.

Research Property: A list of all property (apparatus and books) purchased by research grantees which with the completion of the researches for which it was purchased has now become available for other research workers was published in the Appendix of Volume 66 of the Transactions in March.

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Cockayne Memorial Fund: Since last year £91 has been received in donations to the Cockayne Memorial Fund, making a total of £221 Os 11d. It is regretted that the iesponse to the appeal for funds for a memorial to a man who contributed so much to botanical knowledge in New Zealand has been so slow. It is hoped by means of a second circular to those who have not yet contributed to the Fund to augment the amount so that the purpose of the memorial may be fulfilled.

Carter Bequest: On the 5th June, the Public Trustee wrote stating that consequent upon the death of a life-tenant in the C. R. Carter Trust and in accordance with the Will the sum of £1500 was now paid to the Royal Society of New Zealand as Trustees of the Carter Bequest. This is the final amount which can be received from the Estate.

This amount was forthwith invested in 4 per cent. 1949 Inscribed Stock.

On the 12th June a letter was received from the Under-Secretary of Internal Affairs stating that representations had been made to the Department regarding the utilisation of the Carter Bequest and asking for information on the subject. It was decided to send to Internal Affairs a copy of the late Mr. C. H. Tread-well's Opinion. In response to a further letter from the Department, dated 22nd June, 1936, the Standing Committee resolved that a deputation consisting of the President, the Vice-President, and Dr. Coleridge Farr should meet the Minister of Internal Affairs. Representatives of the City Council and the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research were present at the meeting with the Minister, and it was suggested that a committee consisting of two representatives of the Royal Society, two representatives of the City Council and two representatives of the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research with the Under-Secretary of Internal Affairs be set up in order to suggest some scheme whereby the Carter Bequest could be utilised. The Standing Committee considered this suggestion at a meeting on the 4th September, 1936, and it was resolved: “That the Royal Society of New Zealand willingly accepts the invitation to send representatives to a conference to discuss a scheme whereby the Carter Bequest could be operated upon, such scheme to be considered by the Society at its next annual meeting.”

It was further resolved that the President, the Rt. Rev. Bishop Williams, and the Vice-President, Professor W. P. Evans, should be the Society's representatives, and that in the event of the President not being able to attend, Professor Kirk should take his place.

The question of a site for the proposed observatory was discussed and an endeavour was made to obtain an independent outside opinion on the proposed Kelburn site, but the gentleman approached was unable to visit Wellington.

The conference was held on the 9th October, and was attended by the President and Vice-President. Proposals were drawn up and a Technical Subcommittee appointed.

Further meetings of the Committee are to be held to consider the Subcommittee's report and a full report will be submitted to the annual meeting for consideration.

A. and N.Z.A.A.S.: At a meeting of the Standing Committee held on the 24th July, the Rt. Rev. Bishop Williams, Professor W. P. Evans and Professor H. B. Kirk were appointed delegates to the Council of the 1937 meeting of the Australian and New Zealand Association for the Advancement of Science. This meeting, the organisation of which was in the hands of Mr. Archey and the Auckland Institute, was held in Auckland from the 12th to the 19th January and was very largely attended not only by New Zealand but also by Australian delegates.

The official reception in the Town Hall when the President, Sir David Rivett, delivered his Presidential Address and the Conversazione in the Auckland Museum were brilliant functions.

The two garden parties held in the grounds of Government House and of Mr. F. Crossley Mappin were most enjoyable.

The Sectional Meetings were very largely attended, the rooms on certain occasions proving too small. In some sections there were, if anything, too many papers, limiting the time for an adequate discussion on the subjects.

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There were many most interesting excursions both during the meeting and post sessional and the overseas delegates were entertained at Rotorua after the meeting.

There was no doubt of the very great success of the meeting, and Mr. Archey as Organising Secretary is to be congratulated most heartily on carrying out such a big undertaking as the 1937 meeting.

The Official Report of the meeting is in the hands of the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research for publication.

British Association Meeting: At a meeting of the Standing Committee held on the 24th July, Dr. Marsden reported that following on the recommendation of the Council that the British Association should be invited to meet in New Zealand in 1940, a cable had been despatched to London requesting that the High Commissioner, Lord Bledisloe, and Professor Denham should ascertain the cost to New Zealand of the proposed visit.

Board of Trustees National Art Gallery and Dominion Museum: In the past the Society has been represented on the Board of Trustees by the President and the Vice-President. Owing to the rotating nature of the office of President this has not proved very satisfactory and advantage was taken when the Act was being amended in other directions to give the Society the right to appoint its own representatives.

Consequently, at a meeting of the Standing Committee held on the 4th September, Professor W. P. Evans and Dr. P. Marshall were nominated for a period of four years.

Medals: At last annual meeting, Professor Shelley stated that he would supply photographs of the medals with the proposed attachment to indicate the change in the Society's title. In October these prints were distributed to members of the Council so that they would be in a position to come to a decision at the annual meeting upon the best method. The four possible methods of dealing with the matter have been summarised by Professor Evans and this summary is being submitted to members of the Council prior to the annual meeting.

Wild Life Control: Following a resolution of the last annual meeting, the Standing Committee at its meeting on the 16th June, after a full discussion as to the most effective committee to function as the Wild Life Control Committee appointed the following:—The President (convener), Professor Kirk, Mr. Aston, Dr. Oliver, Mr. E. F. Stead, Mr. R. A. Falla, and Dr. Marsden.

It was suggested that all interested Government departments and societies should be asked to appoint representatives to bring evidence before this Committee.

The Committee met on the 14th August and decided to write to the Minister of Internal Affairs suggesting that a new department to control wild life affairs should be set up. On the 11th September the Minister replied that the representations of the Society would receive his consideration.

The Wild Life Preservation Society of Australia wrote asking for information regarding the Australian opossum in New Zealand. At the request of the Standing Committee Mr. C. M. Smith drew up a comprehensive report on the matter and this was forwarded to the Australian Society.

Bush Conservation and Tree Planting: On the 15th March, the Department of Internal Affairs advised that a Dominion Conference on the subject of Bush Conservation and Tree-planting would be held on the 2nd April under the chairmanship of His Excellency the Governor-General and extended an invitation to the Society to be represented. Mr. B. C. Aston was asked to represent the Society. A verbatim report of the Proceedings has been received, and the Society is asked to consider the draft of a proposed constitution and submit any suggestions, alterations or amendments considered desirable. This matter will receive consideration at the annual meeting.

Overseas Meetings: Mr. Evan Parry wrote stating that he would be pleased to represent New Zealand at the International Assembly of Geodesy and Geophysics.

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The Standing Committee suggested to the Board of Trustees of the National Art Gallery and Dominion Museum that Professor R. Speight and Mr. A. T. Pycroft be asked to attend the Museums Conference at Leeds.

Invitations to the General Assembly of the International Council of Scientific Unions and to the summer and winter meetings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science were received, and Mr. G. T. Railton, Honorary Secretary of the Hawke's Bay Branch, who is at present in England, was asked to represent the Society at the meetings if he found it possible to attend them.

Notices have been received of the International Geological Congress to be held in Moscow in July, 1937, and the International Geographical Congress to be held in Amsterdam in July, 1938.

Status and Remuneration of Scientific Workers: At the instigation of the Wellington Philosophical Society the Standing Committee discussed the question of the status and remuneration of scientific workers and a subcommittee consisting of Professor Evans and Professor Kirk was set up, and in view of the fact that a reclassification of the Public Service was imminent, this committee was asked to discuss the matter with the Public Service Commissioner. The committee reported that from the information obtainable it appeared that anomalies were being rectified and the position was not as serious as had been reported.

Seismometers: The Canterbury Branch reported the need for the purchase by the Government of the most up-to-date types of seismometers and asked the Society to endorse and forward its report to the Government. This was done and on the 12th December the Hon. Minister of Scientific and Industrial Research wrote stating that the matter would receive his fullest consideration.

Minutes: Under the existing regulations the full minutes of Standing Committee meetings are circulated to members of the Council and an abstract of the Minutes is sent to each Member Body. The Vice-President raised the question of the advisability of circulating full minutes in preference to having the minutes read at the meetings of the Standing Committee and the matter was referred to the annual meeting for discussion.

On the motion of Mr. Stead, seconded by Dr. Oliver, the report of the Standing Committee was adopted. Mr. Stead suggested that the items in the report be numbered for reference purposes.

Arising Out of Report:

Amount of Government Grant: Professor Evans drew attention to the small increase made in the grant, and considered that at an opportune time further representations to the Government should be made. The matter was referred to the Standing Committee for action.

A. and N.Z.A.A.S. Meeting: On the motion of the President, seconded by Mr. Eliott, it was resolved:—

“That the Council places on record its appreciation of the excellent arrangements made and work done for the Auckland meeting of the A. and N.Z.A.A.S. in January and asks the Auckland Institute to congratulate Mr. Archey and those who co-operated with him.”

British Association Meeting: Dr. Marsden reported that the British Association had other invitations for 1940 and it was unlikely that it would meet in New Zealand.

– 482 –

Wild Life Control: Dr. Oliver drew attention to the report of the Wild Life Control Committee and on his motion, seconded by Mr. Stead, the Committee was reappointed in order to carry on the work.

Hon. Treasurer's Reports and Balance Sheet: On the motion of the Hon. Treasurer, Mr. M. A. Eliott, seconded by Dr. Turner, the following report, balance sheet, and statements were adopted.

Honorary Treasurer's Report.

The balance for 12 months ending 31st March, 1937, shows a balance of Assets over Liabilities of £719 11s 6d as compared with £759 2s 5d on 31st March, 1936.

The annual grant has been increased by £100, making a total of £600. Sales of publications show an increase of £35, and the levy for Volume 65 produced £180 17s as compared with £174 10s 6d for Volume 64, but we did not receive any sum for authors' contributions, while £39 16s was received the previous year.

£1500 was received from the Public Trustee, being residue of the Estate of the Carter Bequest.

On the Expenditure side, the cost of printing the Transactions has decreased from £549 13s 10d in 1935–36 to £480 18s 11d in 1936–37, but there is a liability to the printers of £99 3s. Salary to Secretary shows an increase of £30. Travelling expenses are less by £13.

The Carter Bequest Capital Account is now £12,157 plus £245 in the Revenue Account, making a total increase of £1980 over the previous balance.

During the past 12 months £2293 has been invested in New Zealand Government Inscribed Stock, and this is estimated to return with redemption on maturity 3.95 per cent. As advised in my last report, the amount invested in Reserve Bank shares, £253 15s, has been refunded and transferred to New Zealand Government Inscribed Stock.

The Cockayne Memorial Fund has increased from £129 12s 10d to £221 Os 11d.

The books and accounts have as usual been kept in an excellent manner.

Member Bodies.

From the annual reports and balance sheets sent in by Member Bodies the following schedule is prepared:—

Society. Members. Receipts. Expenditure. Rule 3, Member Bodies.
Auckland Institute 541 £8653 £8256 Library & Museum
Canterbury Branch 136 159 165 Library
Otago Branch 198 274 321 Levy, etc., £83
Wellington. Phil. Society 184 155 305 Library
Hawke's Bay Branch 68 38 46 Library
Nelson Institute ? 1018 996 Library
Manawatu Branch 60 38 19 Levy, £4
M. A. Eliott, Hon. Treasurer.
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The Royal Society of New Zealand. Statement of Receipts and Expenditure for the Year ending March 31, 1937.

[The section below cannot be correctly rendered as it contains complex formatting. See the image of the page for a more accurate rendering.]

Receipts.
£ s. d.
Balance at 31st March, 1936 1,090 2 2
Annual Grant 600 0 0
Levy, Volume 65 180 16 0
Sales of Publications 47 6 4
Travelling Expenses: Member Bodies' share 21 3 10
Interest at Post Office Savings Bank 26 7 6
Favourable Exchange 5 12 5
Research Grant Refund 0 13 4
Carter Bequest: Residue of Estate 1,500 0 0
Carter Bequest Interest 482 13 6
Hector Memorial Fund Interest 53 1 0
Hutton Memorial Fund Interest 61 13 8
Hamilton Memorial Fund Interest 2 0 1
T. K. Sidey Summer-time Fund Interest 24 4 3
Carter Library Legacy Interest 9 8 11
Cockayne Memorial Fund Interest 0 13 7
Endowment Fund Interest 50 12 0
Trust Funds paid into Bank of New Zealand 564 13 0
Transfer from P.O.S.B. to Bank of New Zealand 400 0 0
——— ——— ———
£5,121 1 7
——— ——— ———
Expenditure.
£ s. d.
Otago Daily Times, 65 (4), 66 (1, 2, 3), Index 52–63 480 18 11
Carter Bequest Investments 1,876 15 6
Carter Legacy Investment 62 19 0
Endowment Fund Investment 99 10 6
Salary (Secretary) 270 0 0
Travelling Expenses 32 13 0
Stationery, etc. 3 16 7
Petty Cash 12 0 7
Research Grant Instalment 1 4 10
Charges (Bank, Insurance, etc.) 3 13 6
Audit 4 1 0
Hector Prize 50 0 0
T. K. Sidey Summer-time Prize 100 0 0
Engraving Medals and Cases 2 1 0
Hutton Grants 35 0 0
Funds transferred to Post Office Savings Bank 414 17 6
Funds credited direct to Post Office Savings Bank 544 6 0
Balance as under 1,127 3 8
——— ——— ———
£5,121 1 7
——— ——— ———
£ s. d. £ s. d.
Bank of New Zealand 249 16 1
Less Unpresented Cheques 109 13 0
——— ——— ——— 140 3 1
Post Office Savings Bank 982 5 10
Cash in Hand 0 5 0
Petty Cash in Hand 4 9 9
——— ——— ———
£1,127 3 8
——— ——— ———
– 484 –

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The Royal Society of New Zealand. Statement of Liabilities and Assets as at March 31, 1937.
Liabilities.
£ s. d.
Carter Bequest Capital Account 12,157 0 11
Hector Memorial Fund Capital Account 1,184 18 1
Hutton Memorial Fund Capital Account 1,314 8 6
T. K. Sidey Summer-time Fund Capital Account 517 18 2
Hamilton Memorial Fund Capital Account 64 7 6
Carter Library Legacy Capital Account 162 19 0
Endowment Fund Capital Account 1,265 3 5
Carter Bequest Revenue Account 245 10 1
Hector Memorial Fund Revenue Account 79 6 5
Hutton Memorial Fund Revenue Account 233 4 7
T. K. Sidey Summer-time Fund Revenue Account 40 15 1
Hamilton Memorial Fund Revenue Account 4 4 6
Carter Library Legacy Revenue Account 32 12 1
Cockayne Memorial Fund Revenue Account 221 0 11
Endowment Fund Revenue Account 74 8 10
Library Fund 126 1 10
Research Grants Fund 137 0 6
Otago Daily Times Company, Vol. 66 (4) 99 3 0
Balance of Assets over Liabilities 719 11 6
——— ——— ———
£18,679 14 11
——— ——— ———
Assets. £ s. d.
Inscribed Stock 16,584 12 5
Bank of New Zealand 140 3 1
Post Office Savings Bank 982 5 10
Cash in Hand 0 5 0
Petty Cash in Hand 4 9 9
Sundry Debtors 29 2 0
Carter Bequest P.O.S.B. Account 245 10 1
Hector Memorial Fund P.O.S.B. Account 79 6 5
Hutton Memorial Fund P.O.S.B. Account 233 4 7
T. K. Sidey Summer-time P.O.S.B. Account 58 10 9
Hamilton Memorial Fund P.O.S.B. Account 68 12 0
Carter Library Legacy P.O.S.B. Account 32 12 1
Cockayne Memorial Fund P.O.S.B. Account 221 0 11
——— ——— ———
£18,679 14 11
——— ——— ———

M. A. Eliott,
Honorary Treasurer.
Examined and found correct.
J. H. Fowler,
Deputy Controller and Auditor-General.

– 485 –

The Royal Society of New Zealand. Revenue Account for the Year Ending March 31, 1937.

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Expenditure.
£ s. d.
Printing: Vol. 65 (4), 66 (1, 2, 3, 4), Index 52–63 579 9 11
Stationery, etc. 3 16 7
Travelling Expenses (Member-Bodies' share) 10 4 2
Salary 270 0 0
Charges (Audit, Insurance, Bank) 5 14 6
Petty Cash 12 0 7
Balance 719 11 6
——— ——— ———
£1,600 17 3
——— ——— ———
Income.
£ s. d.
By Balance 759 2 5
Annual Grant 600 0 0
Levy, Volume 65 179 19 6
Sales of Publications 50 3 5
Trust Funds Administration Expenses 5 19 6
Favourable Exchange 5 12 5
——— ——— ———
£1,600 17 3
——— ——— ———
By Balance £719 11 6
——— ——— ———

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The Royal Society of New Zealand. Trust Accounts for the Year ending March 31, 1937.
Carter Bequest.
Dr. £ s. d.
To Residue of Estate and Interest Invested 1,876 15 6
Audit Fee 0 15 0
Administration Expenses 1 5 0
Travelling Expenses, Conference 1 5 0
Balance 245 10 1
Cr. £ s. d.
By Balance, 31/3/36 142 17 1
Residue of Estate 1,500 0 0
Interest 482 13 6
——— ——— ———
£2,125 10 7
——— ——— ———
By Balance £245 10 7
Hector Memorial Fund.
Dr. £ s. d.
To Prize (Dr. Oliver) 50 0 0
Engraving Medals, Case 1 18 6
Administrtaion Expenses 1 0 0
Audit 0 5 0
Balance 79 6 5
——— ——— ———
£132 9 11
——— ——— ———
– 486 –

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Cr. £ s. d.
By Balance, 31/3/36 79 8 11
Interest 53 1 0
——— ——— ———
£132 9 11
——— ——— ———
By Balance £79 6 5
Hutton Memorial Fund.
Dr.
To Grants 35 0 0
Administration Expenses 1 0 0
Audit Fee 0 5 0
Balance 233 4 7
——— ——— ———
£269 9 7
——— ——— ———
Cr. £ s. d.
By Balance, 31/3/36 207 15 11
Interest 61 13 8
——— ——— ———
£269 9 7
——— ——— ———
By Balance £233 4 7
T. K. Sidey Summer-time Fund.
Dr. £ s. d.
To Prize (Sir Leonard Hill) 100 0 0
Engraving Medal, Case 0 19 6
Administration Expenses 1 2 0
Audit 0 5 0
Tenth Income to Capital 2 8 5
Balance 40 15 1
——— ——— ———
£145 10 0
——— ——— ———
Cr. £ s. d.
By Balance, 31/3/36 121 5 9
Interest 24 4 3
——— ——— ———
£145 10 0
——— ——— ———
By Balance £140 15 1
Hamilton Memorial Fund.
Dr. £ s. d.
To Audit 0 2 6
Administration Expenses 0 2 6
Half Interest to Capital 1 0 0
Balance 4 4 6
——— ——— ———
£5 9 6
——— ——— ———
Cr. £ s. d.
By Balance, 31/3/36 3 9 5
Interest 2 0 1
——— ——— ———
£5 9 6
——— ——— ———
By Balance £4 4 6
Carter Library Legacy.
Dr. £ s. d.
To Interest Invested 62 19 0
Audit 0 2 6
Administration Expenses 0 5 0
Balance 32 12 1
——— ——— ———
£95 18 7
——— ——— ———
Cr. £ s. d.
By Balance, 31/3/36 86 9 8
Interest 9 8 11
——— ——— ———
£95 18 7
——— ——— ———
By Balance £32 12 1
Cockaync Memorial Fund.
Cr. £ s. d.
By Balance, 31/3/36 129 12 10
Subscriptions 90 14 6
Interest 0 13 7
——— ——— ———
£221 0 11
——— ——— ———
– 487 –

[The section below cannot be correctly rendered as it contains complex formatting. See the image of the page for a more accurate rendering.]

Endowcment Fund.
Dr. £ s. d.
To Interest Invested 99 10 6
Audit Fee 0 5 0
Administration Expenses 1 5 0
Balance 74 8 10
——— ——— ———
£175 9 4
——— ——— ———
Cr. £ s. d.
By Balance, 31/3/36 98 9 10
Interest 76 19 6
——— ——— ———
£175 9 4
——— ——— ———
By Balance £74 8 10

Hon. Editor's Report: Dr. Turner, in moving the adoption of the following report, referred to the help he had received from Dr. C. H. Laws, Associate Editor, and from Miss Fyfe, Assistant Editor, and he regretted that the latter had had to resign her position The President spoke in highly appreciative terms of Dr. Turner's work as Honorary Editor.

On the motion of Dr. Turner, seconded by Mr. Stead, it was resolved that Miss Fyfe be cordially thanked for her scrvices.

Honoray Editor's Report.

During the year ending March 31, 1937, a complete volume (Volume 66) of the Transactions has been published: Part 1, June, 1936; Part 2, September, 1936; Part 3, December. 1936; Part 4, March, 1937.

The copy for Part 1 of Volume 67 has been edited and is in the printers hands. There remain in hand five manuscripts that have been approved by referees and will be submitted for inclusion in Part 2 of Volume 67 (September 1937). In addition five manuscripts that were returned to the authors for amendments at intervals during the past two years have not yet been sent back to the Editor. We have, therefore, reached a position where manuscripts are printed, on the average, within six months of receipt from the author.

The work of editing and printing Volume 66 has been lessened considerably by the appointment of Associate and Assistant Editors, to each of whom a particular section of the work has been assigned.

Dr. Laws has edited the manuscripts of all papers printed since his appointment as Associate Editor, and Miss Fyfe has been responsible for correction of galley-proofs. I take this opportunity of thanking them for the prompt and efficient manner in which their work has been carried out.

I regret that I have not found time to formulate a detailed set of instructions to authors and printers as to setting out and printing of papers. In conjunction with Dr. Laws, however, I have established a more or less standard method of setting out headings, especially in connection with systematic papers on biological or palaeontological subjects.

F. J. Turner,
Honorary Editor.
April 16, 1937.

Report of Research Grantees: The following report of the research grantees was adopted:—

Report of Research Grantees.

Mr B. C. Aston, who in 1926 took over from Dr. Malcolm a balance of £9 16s 7d for research on the Pukatea reported on the 22nd April, 1937, that little further had been done. He hoped to have something to report next year. The unexpended balance in the grant amounts to £2 8s 1d.

Dr. G. H. Cunningham, who in 1929 was granted £25 for a mycological survey of the Tongariro National Park reported on the 26th April, 1937, that he had been unable to carry out any collection work in the Park during the year, and he had incurred no expenditure.

– 488 –

Dr. O. H. Frankel reported on the 3rd May, 1937, that during the past year work on Hebe and Veronica has progressed satisfactorily and can now be considered as concluded. A paper by J. B. Hair and himself has been published in the current volume of the N.Z. Journal of Science and Technology and a comprehensive second part, containing the main body of the results obtained, will be finished in the course of the coming year. It is hoped that this will be published in England. A progress report was given to the Auckland Science Congress, an abstract of which will be published in the Report. It is intended to start work on New Zealand Grasshoppers (Acrididae) in the course of the coming year since this group is of systematic as well as of genetic and cytological interest. A collection of material covering the main species and local forms has been started, but difficulty is experienced in keeping the animals alive.

Waitemata Harbour Survey: On behalf of the Committee which in 1925 was granted £90 for a marine investigation, Mr. Powell reported on the 30th April that owing to secretarial duties in connection with the A. and N.Z. meeting in Auckland he was unable to extend the investigations as planned. No expenditure had been incurred and the small balance in hand will be spent probably next spring or early summer. The rather extensive report on the main features of the investigation was completed last year and it is expected that it will appear in the next part of the Transactions.

Hutton Grants.

Messrs. R. A. Falla and A. W. B. Powell were in 1934 granted a Hutton grant of £40 for research on the molluscan and bird fauna of the Sub-antarctic Islands of New Zealand. On the 29th April Mr. Falla reported that the Marine Department has informed them that the Government steamer will be sent to the islands at the first available opportunity, and as they have prepared themselves to take advantage of such opportunity at short notice they should be grateful if the Society will see its way to allow the grant to stand to their credit for another year.

Mr. C. O. Hutton, who last year was granted £30 for research work in connection with metamorphic and intrusive rocks of the Lake Wakatipu region, reported that he had spent ten weeks in examining approximately 100 square miles of country including the whole of the Von, Oreti and Mararoa Valleys and surrounding mountain ranges. During this work he discovered and mapped a belt of basic intrusive rocks, over 40 miles in length, from which some 200 specimens were collected. In addition, he made a geological investigation of the metamorphic rocks between Queenstown and Kingston and Mount Nicholas. Later he revisted Lake Wakatipu in order to obtain additional specimens from the region surrounding Queenstown, Walter Peak and Mount Nicholas. He is going to study this material in Cambridge and hopes to have the results published in about two years' time. The whole of the grant was expended.

Scientific Research: On the motion of Mr. Stead, seconded by Dr. Oliver, it was resolved:—

“That the Standing Committee should explore the possibilities of embracing the opportunities for scientific research offered by the presence in New Zealand waters of the Naval Survey Ship, and that Dr. Oliver, Mr. Stead, and Dr. Henderson be a committee to place the matter before the Standing Committee at its first meeting.”

Arthur Pass National Park: The following report of the Arthur Pass National Park Board, presented by Professor Speight, representative on the Park Board, was adopted:—

Arthur Pass National Park.

Owing to the restricted finances of the Board during recent years the proper development of the Park has been seriously curtailed, but a grant of £500 from the Hon. Minister of Lands followed by another of £600 has rendered it possible to initiate substantial improvements. These comprise the making

– 489 –

of additional tracks, the building of shelter sheds and bridges, extension of lighting in the settlement and the planting of open spaces near the railway station not set aside for residential building. The monetary grant by the Government has been made on the understanding that the Board will approach local bodies so as to secure, if possible, further contributions.

The most important work from a scientific standpoint is the commencement of an alpine garden. The preparation of the site has been carried out under the direction of Mr. M. J. Barnett, Superintendent of Reserves for the Christ church City Council, and a space is ready for planting and only awaits the commencement of the season for this work to be put in hand. The Board intends for the present that the garden shall be representative of the plants growing naturally in the area controlled by the Board; exotics will be rigorously excluded, but consideration will be given at a later date of the advisability or otherwise of including alpine plants from other parts of the country so that it may function in some degree as a national alpine garden. It is intended to spend the sum of £300 as an initial step in the construction of the garden.

The destruction of deer, chamois, and thar is also being carried out by parties acting under instructions from the Hon. Minister for Internal Affairs in order to conserve as far as possible the plant covering and thus check erosion, indications of which are becoming more and more manifest in this region. Every facility has been furnished to the parties carrying out this work.

In order to commemorate the discovery of the pass by Sir Arthur Dudley Dobson a memorial cairn has been constructed on the summit. This was unveiled on April 18 in the presence of a large and representative gathering.

R. Speight,
Representative of the Royal Society on the
Arthur Pass Board.

Ward Island Domain Board: On the motion of Dr. Oliver, representative on the Domain Board, the following report was adopted:—

Ward Island Domain Board.

No meetings of the Board and no visits to the island by members of the Board were made during the year ended 31st March, 1937.

W. R. B. Oliver
Representative on the Board.

Great Barrier Reef Committee: On the motion of Dr. Oliver, the following report was adopted:—

Great Barrier Reef Committee.

The Committee met four times during the year 1936.

The expedition to the Great Barrier Reef to take place in 1937 was intended to consist of a geographical and a chemico-geological party. The geographical party, consisting of J. A. Steers and F. E. Kemp from Cambridge, arrived in Brisbane at the end of April and left in the “Cambria” for the Barrier Reef the first week in May. At Rockhampton Professor Richards, Dr. Bryan, Dr. Marks and Dr. Whitehouse joined the party. Work was carried out in the Capricorn and Bunker groups, the weather being too rough to visit the outer Barrier. Mr. Steers returned to Brisbane in August and left shortly afterwards for England. Arrangements to form a chemico-geological-biological party failed.

It is now proposed that the Committee undertake deep boring operations and an endeavour is being made to arrange with a drilling company for this work to be done.

The financial statement at the end of 1936 shows a balance of £2612, consisting of bonds £1500 and bank balance £1102.

W. R. B. Oliver,
Representative of the Royal Society of N.Z.
on the Committee.

– 490 –

N.Z. Institute of Horticulture: On the motion of Mr. Aston, representative on the N.Z. Institute of Horticulture, the following report was adopted:—

New Zealand Institute of Horticulture.

The usual monthly meetings, of the Executive Council have been held during the year and a large amount of routine business was dealt with.

A successful Dominion Horticultural Conference was held in Wellington in March, 1937.

Your representative has not been able to take an active part in the work of the Institute this year and suggests that as there seems no prospect of his being able to do so in the future that Dr. W. R. B. Oliver, who is Hon. Editor of the Institute, should take his place.

B. C. Aston,
Representative of the Royal Society of N.Z. on the N.Z. Institute of Horticulture.

Tongariro National Park: Mr. Aston, representative on the Park Board, read the following report, which was adopted:—

Tongaribo National Park Board.

Report of Representative for the Year ending 31st March, 1937.

No meetings of the full Board have been held during the year, but the Wellington Executive Committee of the Board (consisting of those members resident or present in Wellington) have met twice to conduct business on behalf of the Board.

The printed annual report of the year's operations to 31st March, 1936, has not yet been presented to Parliament and will not therefore be available at this annual meeting of this Council as has been the rule in previous years.

There is nothing of importance to report on this occasion.

B. C. Aston,
Representative of the Royal Society
on the Park Board.

National Art Gallery and Dominion Museum Board of Trustees: Professor Evans moved the adoption of the following report presented by himself and Dr. Marshall.—Carried.

National Art Gallery and Dominion Museum Board of Trustees.

Meetings: During the year ending 31st March, 1937, the Board of Trustees has met six times and all of these meetings have been attended by the Society's representatives.

In September, 1936, an amending Act necessitated the nomination of two members of the Royal Society as members of the Board of Trustees for a period not exceeding seven years. The Standing Committee decided to nominate Dr. P. Marshall and Professor W. P. Evans, who were subsequently gazetted members of the Board “as representing the Royal Society of New Zealand for a term of four years from the 4th day of September, 1936.”

Building: The main building—including the Art Gallery and Museum—was formally opened by His Excellency the Governor-General on August 1, 1936, and has been visited and admired by thousands since that date. In the Art Gallery several notable exhibitions of pictures from overseas have been held.

Grounds: The main approaches have nearly been finished; the slopes have been grassed and planted with New Zealand shrubs; the immediate surroundings of the main building are now being roaded and paved.

Finance: This year has closed with both the Museum and Art Gallery accounts showing a small surplus, but, unfortunately, the outlook for next year is not so promising.

P. Marshall,
W. P. Evans,
Representatives on the Board.

– 491 –

Professor Shelley drew attention to the poor acoustic properties of the Lecture Hall in the Dominion Museum. He was informed that the Museum Management Committee had this matter in hand.

Observatories Committee: Dr. Marsden drew attention to the fact that the following report presented by Dr. Farr should be amended, as there had been a meeting of the Committee during the year.

Observatories Committee.

Regarding the activities of the Observatories Committee during the year, I may say they have been nil. The Committee has not been called together, and there appears to have been no business to bring before it. Personally, I have had the usual reports (monthly) from Apia Observatory. As things seem to be there does not appear to be any need for a Committee, or at any rate not sufficient need for it to be called together.

I think it would be better, if a Committee is being reappointed, to leave my name off it. I am no longer a member of the Royal Society Council, I may be away from New Zealand, and moreover I see no good purpose that can be served by a Committee that is not called together.

C. Coleridge Farb,
Royal Society's Representative.

Medals: Professor Evans had prepared a summary of the various methods proposed in connection with the medals as follows:—

A.

Retain the medals unaltered and place record of award by Royal Society of New Zealand on suitable plate in each medal case.

B.

Add (by pinning) a suitable ribbon to each medal, the award by the Royal Society of New Zealand being noted on the ribbon.

C.

Add (by screwing) a collar to each medal, etc.

D.

Strike entirely new medals with appropriate wording.

It was decided to strike out methods B and C.

Mr. Eliott moved and Professor Segar seconded that the medals be retained unaltered (A).

Professor Kirk moved and Dr. Oliver seconded that new medals be struck (D).

Dr. Marsden moved: “That new medals be struck provided the cost is not more than £130.” On being put to the meeting, this amendment was lost. Professor Kirk's motion was also lost.

Mr. Eliott's original motion was then put and was lost.

After a good deal of discussion, on the motion of Mr. Eliott seconded by Dr. Marsden, it was resolved:—

“That while the Council agrees to the advisability of altering the reverse side of the medals, the matter be left in the hands of the Standing Committee to deal with as finances permit.”

On the motion of Professor Kirk a cordial vote of thanks was extended to Professor Shelley for his advice and work in preparing designs.

Carter Bequest: The President outlined the proceedings which had led to the recommendation of the Carter Bequest Committee

– 492 –

and the report of the sub-committee which were before the meeting and moved :—

“That the Council of the Royal Society of New Zealand approves of the suggestions made by the Committee set up to consider the utilization of the Carter Bequest as set forth in the letter dated May 3, 1937, from the Under-Secretary of Internal Affairs and subject to the necessary legislative authority being received, instructs the Standing Committee to transfer the accumulated funds belonging to the Carter Trust to the proposed Statutory Board of Trustees as soon as it is satisfied that the sum necessary for service and upkeep of the proposed Carter Observatory, viz. £1000 per annum is definitely assured.

“The Council of the Royal Society, however, is of opinion that the sum to be contributed annually by the Wellington City Council, viz. £250, ought not to be subject to an annual vote, but should be made obligatory by the Empowering Act.”

The letter referred to and the report are as follows:—

Department of Internal Affairs,
Wellington, C.I,
3rd May, 1937.

Dear Madam,

Referring to previous correspondence, I have to inform you that at a meeting of the full Committee of the Carter Bequest, held on the 28th ultimo, the report of the Technical Sub-committee was considered at length and the following resolution was passed:—

(1)

This general meeting adopts the report and recommendations submitted by the Technical Sub-committee, and recommends the approval of the same to the Royal Society, the Government and the City Council.

(2)

It furthor recommends:—

(a)

That legislation be passed constituting the Board of Trustees outlined in the resolution passed on the 9th October, 1936, and that the funds of the Carter Bequest be paid to that Board of Trustees for application as follows:—

i.

Up to £8000 in providing and equipping the Observatory as recommended by the Sub-committee.

ii.

As to the balance, by investing and accumulating the same and interest thereon either for the purpose of providing an endowment fund, or for capital expenditure in extending the Observatory.

(b)

That the Government make an annual grant of £750 which, with the annual grant of £250 already promised by the City Council, will meet the estimated annual cost of maintenance and services of the Observatory.

(c)

That the City Council be empowered to transfer to the Board of Trustees the land and telescope at Kelburn.”

I enclose for the information of members of your Council twenty-five copies of this letter and twenty-five copies of the Report.

I should be glad to be advised at your convenience whether your Society approves the above resolution.

Yours faithfully,
(Sgd.) J. W. Heenan,
Under-Secretary.

Miss M. Wood, Secretary,
The Royal Society of New Zealand,
Victoria University College,
Wellington, W.I.

– 493 –

Carter Bequest.

Report of Technical Sub-committee set up to Consider and Report on a Suitable Scheme for Equipping the Carter Observatory; and Probable Cost of Same.

After due consideration of recommendations received from the Astronomer Royal; His Majesty's Astronomer, Cape of Good Hope; the General Secretary, International Astronomical Union; the Directors of Harvard, Lick, Mount Wilson and Yerkes Observatories; and others, this subb-committee is of the opinion that a useful astronomical observatory could be established at Wellington with the funds available. It is recommended that the Observatory should be established on the following lines:—

[The section below cannot be correctly rendered as it contains complex formatting. See the image of the page for a more accurate rendering.]

1. New Instruments and Equipment.
(a) A Spectrohelioscope for systematic solar observations: purchased and suitably housed £350
(b) A combined photographic and photovisual Ross Telescope of short focus (with objective prism), equatorially mounted and suitably housed 2,350
——— ———
£2,700

The cost of these items is based on prices quoted by the Astronomer Royal and the Directors of Mount Wilson and Yerkes Observatories.

In the event of the Carter Observatory extending its activities at some future time, a fairly large aperture (20-inch) reflecting telescope, with photo electric photometer, would be recommended as additional equipment. A mirror for such a reflector is at present in the possession of Victoria University College.

Further advice is being sought as to the suitability of an objective prism with Ross lenses of various apertures.

2. Buildings.

The site originally intended for a Carter Observatory is a knoll just to the north-west of the present City Observatory at Kelburn, and it is recommended that the new Observatory should be built on this site. For convenience, it could be attached to the present City Observatory Building if the latter was improved and made to harmonise with the new buildings. In designing the new Observatory building, provision should be made for future additions.

It is considered that the new Observatory buildings should consist of the following:—

(a)

A 20-foot dome to suitably house the present 9-inch telescope.

(b)

A 10-foot dome to house the new photographic and photovisual telescope.

(c)

Office, library, storeroom and darkroom.

(d)

Sleeping accommodation, etc.

(e)

A separate building of special design to house the spectrohelioscope.

With regard to item (c) the three small rooms are already available in the present City Observatory which could be converted into a storeroom and library for the new Observatory. Thus the new buildings required would consist of domes for the two telescopes, darkroom, office, sleeping accommodation, and a separate building for the spectrohelioscope.

The approximate cost of the new buildings would therefore be as follows:—

[The section below cannot be correctly rendered as it contains complex formatting. See the image of the page for a more accurate rendering.]

20-foot dome for 9-inch telescope £700
Other Observatory buildings (office, darkroom, sleeping accommodation, and improvements to existing building) 1,850
——— ———
£2,550

It should be noted that the cost of items (b) and (e) is included in the cost of the respective instruments to be housed there, as listed in section I.

– 494 –

The estimated cost of purchase and housing of new equipment and housing of present equipment may therefore be summarised as follows:—

[The section below cannot be correctly rendered as it contains complex formatting. See the image of the page for a more accurate rendering.]

1. New Instruments and Equipment £2,700
2. Observatory Buildings 2,550
3. Subsidiary Equipment and Contingencies 1,000
——— ———
£ 6.250 sterling

3. Work of the Observatory.

An observatory such as that outlined above would provide for the following programme of astronomical research work with the various instruments available:—

(a) The eáisting 9-inch Refractor: The usefulness of this instrument, if properly housed, is apparent from the opinions expressed by those who have been consulted on the matter. For instance, Major A. E. Levin, Director of the Computing Section of the British Astronomical Association, who recently visited Wellington and observed with telescope, reported himself as impressed with its optical properties.

The principal lines of work for which this instrument is suited are:—

(1)

Visual observations of variable stars, especially near minima.

(2)

Micrometrical measures of double stars.

(3)

Observations of the planets.

(4)

Visual spectroscopic observations.

(5)

General photometric work.

(b) New Spectrohelioscope: This instrument provides for systematic observations of the sun during definite periods of the day, as part of an international scheme for solar observations. Such work is strongly recommended by most of those consulted as part of the programme of an observatory at Wellington.

(c) New Short-focus Photographic and Photovisual Telescope of Ross design: This equipment is recommended by most of the authorities consulted; and the Astronomer Royal considered it to be the most useful equipment of moderate price that could be obtained. It would provide for the following programme of photographic research work:—

(1)

Study of the structure of the Milky Way.

(2)

Investigation of absorption of light in galactic regions.

(3)

Study of open star clusters.

(4)

Determination of photographic and photovisual magnitudes.

(5)

Detection of objects of special interest, such as minor planets, comets, red stars, variable stars, etc.

(6)

The addition of an objective prism, included in estimate, would extend the use of the equipment, particularly for determination of radial velocities, classification of spectra, etc.

It may be noted that the very fine Atlas of the Northern Milky Way, recently published by Dr. Frank E. Ross, from photographs taken at Mount Wilson and Lowell Observatories, were obtained with an instrument of the same design and size as that which is recommended for the Carter Observatory.

4. Astronomer and Staff.

This Sub-committee strongly emphasises that before any equipment is finally ordered, a “Carter Astronomer” should be appointed, who has the necessary qualifications for carrying out research work as outlined above, and who is prepared to devote himself to carrying out at least some portion of it. It is recommended that the initial salary of the “Carter Astronomer” should be about £650 per annum.

The Sub-committee also recommends that in the new observatory there should be at least one assistant astronomer, and at least one clerical assistant. In this connection, it is hoped that an assistant astronomer from the Dominion Observatory might be made available for the Carter Observatory.

It is considered that an annual sum of at least £1,000 will be required in order to carry on the work of the Carter Observatory according to the scheme outlined above.

– 495 –

5. Summary.

Capital costs: Buildings, £2,550; Equipment, £2,770; total, including contingencies, £6,250. Annual cost not less than £1,000 per annum.

Signed:—
E. Marsden (Chairman).
E. P. Norman.
A. C. Gifford.
C. G. G. Berry.
R. C. Hayes (Secretary).

A good deal of discussion regarding the proposals and the question of safeguarding the future upkeep of the Observatory ensued, and the latter part of the motion was amended as follows:—

“The Council of the Royal Society is, however, of the opinion that the sums to be contributed annually by the Government and the Wellington City Council respectively, ought not to be the subject of an annual vote, but should be made obligatory under the Empowering Act.”

Finally the motion amended as above was put and a division taken as follows:—Williams, Segar, Kirk, Evans, Marsden, Shelley, Stead, Eliott, Oliver, G. V. Hudson for the motion; Aston, E. R. Hudson, and Turner against the motion.

The meeting had gone into committee for the discussion on the subject, and the action taken was confirmed in open Council.

The meeting adjourned until 2.30 p.m.

Afternoon Roll-Call: Present—Bishop Williams, Professors Evans, Hudson, Kirk, Segar, Shelley, Drs. Marsden, Oliver, Turner, Messrs, Aston, Eliott, Hudson and Stead and Dr. P. Marshall, Co-opted Member.

Hamilton Award: Dr. Marshall, convener of the Hamilton Award Committee, read the report of his Committee as follows:—

I beg to report that your Committee which was set up to report on the candidates for the Hamilton Award has unanimously decided to recommend that the award be given to Mr. C. O. Hutton, of Otago University. His work is already of considerable volume and is of a high standard. He has shown very unusual enterprise and determination in his field work.

P. Marshall

,
Chairman of Committee.

24th May, 1937.

The report was adopted.

Amount of Hamilton Prize: On the motion of Mr. Eliott it was resolved that the amount of the prize be £4.

Bush Conservation: As a result of the recent Dominion Conference on Bush Conservation and Amenity Tree Planting, a decision had been made to form a National Organization and a draft of the proposed Constitution had been submitted to interested bodies for suggestion or amendment.

– 496 –

Mr. B. C. Aston, who represented the Society at the Conference, suggested that the policy of the Society as indicated in the Proceedings over a period of years be referred to the Department of Internal Affairs. It was resolved to refer Mr. Aston's suggestion to the Standing Committee for action.

Liaison with Kindred Societies: Mr. Stead stated that the feeling of the Council of the Canterbury Branch was that other societies with kindred interests should be linked up with the Royal Society, but it had no suggestions to offer as to how this could be accomplished.

Professor Evans read a report from the sub-committee (Professor Kirk and Dr. Marsden) set up to deal with the matter. After several members had spoken it was decided to receive the report.

On the motion of the President, seconded by Mr. Stead, it was resolved:—

“That the Committee on Liaison with Kindred Societies be asked to continue in office with a view to finding some practical solution of the matter. The Committee to have power to co-opt further members.

Notices of Motion were then taken:—

Science Congress: On the motion of Dr. Turner, seconded by Professor Kirk, it was resolved that Member Bodies be circularised as to the possibilty of continuing the biennial science congresses of the Royal Society by holding a meeting in 1938.

Observatories Committee: On the motion of Dr. Marsden, seconded by Dr. Marshall, it was proposed that Professor Burbidge and Professor Florance be appointed representatives of the Society on the Observatories Committee.

Hamilton's Maori Art Plates: Bishop Williams asked permission to use certain blocks used in “Maori Art” in another publication which he was bringing out. Permission was granted.

Research Apparatus: Dr. Turner asked permission for the Geology Department of the University of Otago to have the loan of the microscope goniometer purchased by Dr. Marshall as soon as Dr. Marshall had finished with it. Permission was granted.

Carter Library: Mr. Aston moved that the Hon. Librarian be asked to report to the Standing Committee on the state of the Carter Library which is at present housed in the Turnbull Library.—Carried.

Election of Officers: President, Professor W. P. Evans; Vice-President, The Right Reverend Bishop Williams; Hon. Treasurer, Mr. M. A. Eliott; Hon. Editor, Dr. F. J. Turner; Hon. Associate Editor, Dr. C. H. Laws; Hon. Assistant Editor, Dr. C. M. Focken; Hon. Librarian, Professor H. B. Kirk; Managers of Trust Accounts, Messrs. M. A. Eliott and B. C. Aston.

– 497 –

Election of Representatives: Tongariro National Park Board, Dr. P. Marshall; N.Z. Institute of Horticulture, Dr. W. R. B. Oliver; Observatories Committee, Professors Burbidge and Florance; Great Barrier Reef Committee, Dr. W. R. B. Oliver.

Election of Committees:

Hamilton Award—Dr. Marshall (convener), Dr. Holloway, and Professor Kirk.

Finance Committee—Mr. M. A. Eliott, Mr. B. C. Aston and Dr. Marsden.

Hector Award—Mr. H. D. Skinner (convener), Dr. P. Buck and Dr. Goddard.

Library Committee—Professor Kirk, Professor Cotton, Dr. E. Kidson and Dr. Oliver.

Fellowship Selection Committee—Dr. Marshall, Professor Kirk, Mr. Aston, Dr. Henderson and Professor Evans.

Sidey Award Committee was held over until next year.

Votes of Thanks: Votes of thanks were accorded to the retiring President (the Rt. Rev. Bishop Williams), to the Vice-President (Professor W. P. Evans), to the Secretary (Miss M. Wood), to the Press, and to the Council of Victoria University College for the use of its rooms.

Annual Meeting, 1938: It was decided to leave the place and time for next annual meeting in the hands of the Standing Committee.