Some Hitherto Unrecorded Plant Stations.
[Read before Wellington Branch, September 23, 1942; received by the Editor, October 1, 1942; issued separately, March, 1943.]
Section A.—Indigenous Species.
Angelica geniculata (Forst.f.) Hook.f.
* Wellington—coastal scrub, Ohiro Bay to Tongue Point, Wellington Harbour.
* Sounds—islands in Forsyth Bay, Pelorus Sounds; Motu Ngarara. Eastern—in scrub on cliffs, Upper Hurunui Gorge; Waikari Valley near Greta; Mt. Brown, Upper Waipara River.
Asplenium anomodum Col.
Eastern—crevices in limestone bluffs, Limestone Creek, Waipara.
Blechnum patersoni Mett. var. elongata Hook. and Bak.
Sounds—creek banks, Mt. Stokes, Endeavour Inlet, Queen Charlotte Sounds.
Botrychium australe R. Br. var. millefolium Prantl.
Sounds—damp situations, Endeavour Inlet, Queen Charlotte Sounds.
Brachycome pinnata Hook.f.
Eastern—tussock grassland, Mt. Donald. c. 460m.
Celmisia graminifolia Hook.f.
Sounds—outskirts of beech forest, Kaituna Valley.
Cheilanthes tenuifolia Swartz.
North Eastern—hills between Fairhall Creek and Omaka River, Blenheim; Lowry Peaks Range near Waiau.
Eastern—modified tussock grassland, Omihi Valley; Motunau; Waikari Valley; Mt. Cass Range.
Chenopodium allanii Aellen (C. triandrum auth. non Forst.f.).
Wellington—in rocks and coastal scrub, Sinclair Head, Wellington Harbour.
North Eastern—Bourne Creek near Waiau; Stanton River; Lowry Peaks Range.
Eastern—this species has proved to be well distributed in North Canterbury; occurs on ranges on east and west of the Waikari Valley; ranges on north and south of the Upper Waipara River; hill country in coastal belt bounded on the east by the coast and west by the Omihi Valley, and to the north and south by the Waipara River and the Hurunui River respectively; Weka Pass; Governor's Bay, Banks Peninsula.
Clematis afoliata Buch.
Wellington—coastal scrub, Red Rock's Point; Karori Stream. In both these occurrences, male plants only were noted.
[Footnote] * Botanical Districts as defined by Zotov (N.Z. Journ. Sci. and Tech., vol. XIX, no. 8, 1938, pp. 483–485).
C. marata J. B. Armstr.
Eastern—in scrub, Mt. Brown, Upper Waipara River. Cheeseman (1925) says of this species—“South Island: Apparently common throughout.” A close examination of a considerable area in North Canterbury revealed the plant in only this one locality.
Convolvulus erubescens Sims.
Wellington—coastal cliffs, Tongue Point, Wellington Heads.
Eastern—not uncommon in tussock grassland on the coastal belt between the Waipara and Hurunui Rivers; Hawarden; Weka Pass; Waikari Valley; Upper Waipara River.
Coprosma rhamnoides A. Cunn.
Eastern—beech forest, Mt. Noble. e. 600m.; manuka scrub, Teviotdale Station near Waipara. The specimens were referred to this species rather than to C. polymorpha Oliver due to the coriaceous texture of the leaves and the lack of polymorphy which is evident in the specimens which occur in Marlborough.
C. rugosa Cheesem.
Eastern—in scrub, Scargill, Waikari Valley.
C. virescens Petrie.
Eastern—in scrub, Scargill.
Dichelachne sciurea (R. Br.) Hook.f.
Sounds—not uncommon on range between Kaitnna Valley and Waikakaho Valley. c. 450m.
Doodia media R. Br.
Wellington—forest remnant, Makino.
Dracophyllum urvilleanum A. Rich.
Sounds—scrub, Mt. Stokes. c.1,160m.; beech forest, Okaramio.
Dryopteris velutina (A. Cunn.) O. Kunze.
Sounds—coastal forest, Anokoha, Pelorus Sounds.
Edwardsia prostrata (Buch.) W. R. B. Oliver.
Eastern—common in exposed situations on hill country throughout North Canterbury. Considerable variation in the habit of this species was noted in the different localities where it occurred, and three marked forms were apparent—(a) a dense divaricate shrub forming mounds up to 0.5m. tall or prostrate sheets up to 1m. in diameter; (b) a divaricating shrub, mound forming at the base, from which a distinct trunk arises bearing a mass of divaricating branches at the extremity, the whole being 1.5 - 3.0m. tall; (c) on river flats in the area, a talls, divaricate shrubby form up to 3.5m. was not uncommon.
Epilobium microphyllum A. Rich.
Wellington—coastal cliffs, Sinclair Head. Wellington Harbour.
Eryngium vesciculosum Lab.
Eastern—swampy situation, Mt. Donald. c. 450m. This station is about 19 kilometres from the coast.
Festuca multinodis Petrie and Hack.
Sounds—coastal cliffs, Guard Pass, Forsyth Island.
Eastern—rocks near Mt. Oldham, Omihi Valley; calcareous sandstone cliffs, Waipara.
Fuchsia perscandens Cockayne et Allan.
Wellington—a small prostrate form of the species occurs on coastal cliffs and in windswept scrub, Sinclair Head, Wellington Harbour.
Eastern—not uncommon in scrub and amongst rocks, Happy Valley Station; Stoneyhurst Station; Pendle Hill; Blythe River; Waikari Valley; Weka Pass; Mt. Brown, Upper Waipara River.
Gahnia procera Forst.
Sounds—open hillsides, Kaituna Valley.
Geniostomd ligustrifolium A. Cunn.
Sounds—coastal forest, Saratoga, Pelorus Sounds.
Gentiana astoni Petrie.
Eastern—windswept north-west slopes, Mt. Donald, c. 490m.; in rocks along escarpment, North Deans Range, Waipara River, 500m. The occurrence of this species in the above habitats removes it from the list of local endemic species of the North Eastern District, and extends its range southwards by some 160 kilometres. At the time of discovery (June, 1941) plants were flowering profusely.
Gymnogramme leptophylla (Swartz) Desv.
Wellington—moist, shady bank, Seatoun.
Halorrhagis colensoi Skottsberg.
North Eastern—cliffs above Jed River near Gore Bay, Cheviot.
Hebe cheesemanii (Buch.) Cockayne et Allan.
Eastern—rock crevices, Mt. Noble, c. 1,060m.
H. raoulii (Hook.f.) Cockayne et Allan var. maccaskillii Allan.
Eastern—on rock faces, Mt. Noble, c. 600m.; in crevices of escarpment and amongst scrub, Mt. Brown; North Deans Range, Upper Waipara River.
Helichrysum selago (Hook.f.) Benth. var. acuta Cheesem.
Eastern—rock outcrops, Hayden Downs Station, Waitohi River.
Juncus maritimus Lam. var. australiensis Buchen.
Eastern—the forms present on the coast between the mouth of the Waipara River and the Amberley Beach locality differ from the normal forms in that the inflorescences are much compacted.
Lindsaya cuneata (Forst.f.) C. Christ.
Sounds—coastal forest and scrub, descending to sea-level, Te Puru, Pelorus Sounds.
L. linearis Swartz.
Wellington—common in manuka scrub, Eastbourne, Wellington Harbour.
Sounds—in manuka scrub, Te Puru; Pohuenui; Forsyth Island, Pelorus Sounds; Waitaria Bay; Taradale, Kenepuru Sounds; near Okaramio, Kaituna Valley.
Melicope ternata Forst.
Sounds—coastal forest, Te Puru; Saratoga; Okoha, Pelorus Sounds; Forsyth Island; Motu Ngarara.
Metrosideros scandens (Forst.) Druce.
Sounds—coastal forest, Te Puru; Anokoha; Beatrix Bay, Pelorus Sounds.
Microlaena polynoda Hook.f.
Wellington—forest remnants, Porewa; Arapata, Rangitikei River.
Sounds—coastal forest, D'Urville Island, J. H. McMahon; Motu Ngarara.
Muehlenbeckia astoni Petrie.
North Eastern—terraces near Chandler's Lagoon.
Eastern—terraces of Waiau River, between Rotherham and Waiau; Hurunui River west of Ethelton; near Scargill, Waikari Valley; terraces of Weka Creek from confluence with Waipara River to mouth of the Weka Pass; Waipara River from near foot of Mt. Brown to mouth of the river, with a concentration of plants in the vicinity of Waipara township. The distribution of the species in the South Island has been recorded by Miss Jenkins (1931) and W. Martin (1938), but there is no previous record of its occurrence in the Eastern District. It was found to be well dispersed in North Canterbury, and in the vicinity of Waipara township it occurs in greater quantity than in the type locality; the cited localities are all inland, at altitudes from 70–240 metres. The occurrence of the species at Waipara extends the range about 160 kilometres south of the previously recorded stations.
Myosurus novae-zelandiae W. R. B. Oliver.
Eastern—moist shingle, Waipara River.
Myrtus bullata Sol. ex A. Cunn.
Sounds—coastal forest, Te Puru; Beatrix Bay; Manaroa; Hopai, Pelorus Sounds; Kenepuru Heads; Waitaria Bay; Taradale; Portage; Nopera Bay, Kenepuru Sounds.
Nothochlaena distans R. Br.
Sounds—coastal cliffs, Picton, J. H. McMahon!
North Eastern—hills between Fairhall Creek and Omaka River, Blenheim; rocky situations, Lowry Peaks Range, near Waiau; hills between Mason River and Stanton River, Waiau.
Olearia cymbifolia (Hook.f.) Cheesem.
Eastern—in scrub, Mt. Noble, Upper Hurunui River.
Orthoceras strictum R.Br.
Sounds—not uncommon in scrub, Pelorus and Kenepuru Sounds; Kaituna Valley.
Ourisia caespitosa Hook.f.
Eastern—windswept north-west face, Mt. Noble, c. 1,000m.
Pachystegia insignis (Hook.f.) Cheesem.
North Eastern—rock outcrops, Lowry Peaks Range, Waiau; terraces of Leader River.
Paratrophis opaca (Banks and Sol.) Britton and Rendle.
Sounds—windswept islands, Forsyth Bay, Pelorus Sounds—here it assumes a prostrate growth habit; coastal forest, Motu Ngarara.
Peperomia urvilleana A. Rich.
Sounds—common on islands and larger reefs, Forsyth Bay, Pelorus Sounds.
Plantago lanigera Hook.f.
Eastern—swamp, Mt. Donald, c. 460m.
Polypodium dictyopteris Metten.
Sounds—damp banks in coastal forest, Te Puru; Anokoha, Pelorus Sounds.
Prasophyllum rufum R. Br.
Sounds—in manuka scrub, Portage; Te Mahia, Kenepuru Sounds.
Pterostylis trullifolia Hook.f.
Sounds—not uncommon in scrub, Pelorus Sounds; Forsyth Island; Taradale; Kenepuru Heads; Waitaria Bay; Portage, Kenepuru Sounds.
Pseudopanax ferox T. Kirk.
Sounds—common in coastal forest, Motu Ngarara.
Taraxacum magellanicum Comm.
Eastern—tussock grassland, Omihi Valley.
Tetragonia trigyna Banks and Sol. ex Hook.f.
Eastern—on escarpment, North Deans Peak, Upper Waipara River, c. 370m.
Trichomanes strictum Menz. ex Hook. and Grev.
Sounds—beech forest, Mt. Stokes, c. 760m.
Trisetum saxeticolum Cockayne et Allan.
Sounds—common on coastal cliffs and rocks, Outer Pelorus Sounds and outlying islands.
Section B.—Introduced Species.
Acacia armata R. Br. Kangaroo thorn.
Spreading from hedges near Sanson.
Albizzia lophantha Benth. Brush-wattle.
Well established on hills near Seatoun, Wellington.
Amaranthus albus Linn. White amaranth.
Established in old metal quarry and adjacent waste land, Terrace End, Palmerston North.
Bromus carinatus Hook. et Arn.
Established in waste places and on roadsides in North Canterbury—Rangiora; Waipara; Waikari; Tormore; Amberley; Scargill; Ethelton; waste places—Picton; Blenheim; Seddon.
B. tectorum Linn.
Abundant on terraces of rivers and creeks, Waipara Flats; Weka Pass; Lower Omihi Valley; well established in low tussock grassland in area between Limestone Creek and Mt. Cass, Waipara.
Cakile edentula (Bigel.) Hook.
Coastal sands near mouth of Waipara River, Canterbury.
Calotis lappulacea Benth.
Well established on eroded terrace banks, Lower Waipara River, near Amberley. Some four to five years ago the occupier of the property where the plant occurs eradicated all the plants at that time, but in the intervening period the weed has spread rapidly, and in parts forms a pure association.
Carduus crispus Linn.
Has appeared recently on a ballast heap, Wellington Harbour; a patch noted in low tussock grassland, Davaar Station, Motunau.
Centaurea melitensis Linn.
Occurs on roadsides and waste places, Waipara; Weka Creek; lower Omihi Valley; Blind River near Seddon.
Chamaepeuce afra (Jacq.) D.C.
Not uncommon in shingle and on lower terraces of Waipara River; Weka Creek; Omihi Creek; thoroughly established, forming large patches in rocky areas in tussock grassland, Mt. Cass; hills between Mt. Brown, Upper Waipara River and Weka Pass; noted in permanent pasture, Waikari Valley. This species is on the increase in the loose, sandy soil along the rivers in the vicinity of Waipara.
Clematis vitalba Linn.
An escape from cultivation; established in waste places, Urenui; Feilding, Palmerston North; Shannon; Wellington City and suburbs; Kaikoura; Waiau; Waikari; Amberley.
Cynodon dactylon (Linn.) Pers.
Sandy situation, Kowhai River near Leithfield; waste land, Christchurch.
Diplotaxis tenuifolia (Linn.) D.C.
Well established on ballast heap, Wellington.
Duchesnea indica (Andrew) Focke.
Damp situation, Botanical Gardens, Wellington.
Erophila vulgaris D. C. (Draba verna Linn., in part.)
Waste land, Culverden, North Canterbury.
Falcatula ornithopodiodes (D.C.) Wilmott.
Not uncommon in coastal areas, Wellington Harbour; in waste places and pastures, Blind River, Seddon.
Hieracium pilosella Linn.
Thoroughly established on banks of railway cuttings between Hurunui River and Greta, Waikari Valley; the species is spreading into low tussock grassland on the western slopes of the Waikari Valley in the vicinity of Greta.
Hypericum acutum Moench.
Swampy situation, Akatarawa Valley.
Koeleria phleoides (Vill.) Pers.
Waste land, Wellington Harbour.
Lactuca serriola Linn.
Waste land, Blenheim, Seddon; Kaikoura; Waiau; Culverden; Waikari; on roadside, Weka Pass.
Lagenophora gunnii (Hook.f.) Black.
Coastal pastures, Titahi Bay; damp situations in tussock grassland, Omihi Valley; well established in larger gulleys on Meadow-bank, Wrekin Hills and Brookby Stations, Marlborough; on the Wrekin Hills Station the plant occurs in patches of an acre and greater on the flats in the gulleys.
Lamium amplexicaule Linn.
Abundant in gardens and waste places in Rangiora; waste land, Waipara; common in cultivated land about homesteads, Hayden Downs and Mt. Virginia Stations, North Canterbury; waste land, Blenheim, Seddon and Dashwood.
Lavatera cretica Linn.
Waste places, Paekakariki, R. Mason! Shannon; Wellington.
L. plebeja Linn.
Established in waste land, Palmerston North.
Linaria arvensis (Linn.) Desf.
Occurs sparingly in low tussock grassland. Wrekin Hills; Brancott Station, Fairhall, Blenheim; common in ballast in Railway Yards, Seddon; Dashwood; occurs along railway line between Dashwood Pass and Seddon.
Linum gallicum Linn.
Coastal cliffs, Picton; occurs sparingly in area between Te Mahia and Portage, Kenepuru Sounds.
Lychnis coronaria (Linn.) Desv.
Established in old bush burn, Beatrix Bay, Pelorus Sounds; common along bed and terraces, Fairhall Creek, near Blenheim; dry banks, Leithfield; Hurunui River near Ethelton; thoroughly established on cliffs of the Upper Waipara River near Mt. Brown, and spreading up numerous gulleys to the stony terrace land.
Medicago minima (Linn.) Desr.
Common on the terraces and bed of a number of rivers in North Canterbury—Waipara River, Weka Creek; Omihi Creek; Kowhai River; Mason River; Stanton River; in the vicinity of Waipara the species is common in tussock grassland, particularly on dry north-west faces.
Melianthus major Linn.
Established in waste places, Gore Bay, Cheviot; Leithfield; Amberley.
Melissa officinalis Linn.
Occurs along banks of Makino Stream, Feilding; common in sheep yards, Te Puru; Forsyth Island, Pelorus Sounds; roadsides and waste land, Omihi Valley, North Canterbury.
Mycelis muralis (Linn.) Rchb.
Bush margins and in scrub, Stanton River, Waiau.
Nassella trichotoma (Nees) Hack.
Occurs in area between Taylor River and Omaka River, Marlborough; widespread throughout North Canterbury—Kowhai River; Waipara River from near Mt. Brown to the coast; Weka Pass; Waikari Valley; Motunau; Huranui River from confluence with Waikari Stream to within a short distance from coast; Cheviot; Hawarden; Parnassus; Waiau. This species has spread rapidly in recent years, and over some 10,000 acres has formed practically a pure association.
Papaver argemone Linn.
Appeared recently on a ballast heap, Wellington Harbour; occurs sparingly in cereal crops about Waipara and the Omihi Valley.
Pelargonium radula L'Herit.
Well established on hillsides above Seatoun, Wellington.
Pennisetum macrourum Trin.
A garden escape, spreading in pasture on river flats, Omihi Valley.
Pholiurus incurvus (Linn.) Schinz et Shell.
Coastal sands at mouth of Waipara River, North Canterbury.
Plantago varia R. Br.
Occurs in tussock grassland, Stoneyhurst Station, North Canterbury.
Polygonum mite Schrank.
Common along Waiwhetu Stream, Hutt Valley.
Ranunculus muricatus Linn.
Waste land, Taita Gorge, Hutt Valley.
Bubus phoenicolasius Maxim.
Established and spreading, bush outskirts near Shannon.
Salvia verbenaca Linn.
Occurs in pasture, Dannevirke; Paekakariki; Kaikoura; well established on roadsides, Hawarden; Waipara; Waikari; Mt. Virginia Station, Waitohi River, North Canterbury; in tussock grassland, Mt. Noble, Upper Hurunui River—introduced to this locality in horse feed when contractors were putting the road through to Lake Sumner.
Satureja vulgaris (Linn.) Fritsch.
Common in an old bush burn, Laverique Clearing, Beatrix Bay, Pelorus Sounds.
Scleropoa rigida (Linn.) Griseb.
Thoroughly established along the lower Weka Creek and Waipara River near confluence of the Weka Creek.
Sedum acre Linn.
Common on dry faces in tussock grassland up to 300 metres, North Canterbury.
Senecio mikanioides Otto.
Established in waste land, Kaikoura; Cheviot; Amberley; Leithfield.
Silene conica Linn.
Dry roadsides and pastures in vicinity of Waipara River.
Solanum marginatum Linn.
Occurs as a garden escape in several localities about Wellington City; thoroughly established and spreading in country between Beatrix Bay homestead and Manaroa, Pelorus Sounds; occurs in plantations and about sheep yards, Motunau Station, North Canterbury.
Stuartina muelleri Sond.
Not uncommon on the hills to the south of the Wairau River. Marlborough—occurs on the hills in tussock grassland between the Taylor River and the Omaka River; in tussock grassland between the Weld Pass and the coast.
Tillaea decumbens Willd.
Established in Railway Yards, Paekakariki; dry roadside, Taita Gorge, Hutt Valley.
Trifolium angustifolium Linn.
Occurs in waste land, Wellington City.
T. resupinatum Linn.
Dry situations, Kenepuru Heads, Marlborough Sounds; common in pastures on country between Seddon and Lake Grassmere, Marlborough; river terraces near Waipara; waste land, Wellington.
T. suffocatum Linn.
Established on roadsides, Eastbourne; Seatoun, Wellington; common in pastures. Sinclair Head, Wellington Harbour.
Tunica prolifer (Linn.) Scop.
Occurs in dry situations, Waipawa River, Hawke's Bay; widespread along rivers in North Canterbury—Waipara River; Weka Creek; Kowhai River; Hurunui River; Waiau River; Stanton River; Mason River. At Waipara this plant is abundant in low tussock grassland to the north of the Waipara River.
Urtica dioica Linn.
Noted on roadside near mouth of the Waiwhetu Stream, Hutt Valley; occurs in small quantity in Botanical Gardens, Wellington.
Veronica anagallis Linn.
Established in swamps, Kekerangu; common along the Waipara River near the Waipara township; Weka Creek; Omihi Valley. About Waipara the species is common in ponds, swamps, etc., extending its range some distance from rivers and creeks.
V. scutellata Linn.
Common in streams and swamps, Stanway near Feilding. The species still persists in the original locality along the Makino Stream, Feilding.
V. verna Linn.
Abundant on the terraces of the Weka Creek and Waipara River, extending over a large part of the Waipara Flats; occurs sparingly on light soils. Culverden.
Note.—Specimens of the species listed in this paper are deposited in the Herbarium of the Botany Division, Plant Research Bureau, Wellington.
Allan, H. H., 1940. N.Z. Dept. S. & I. R. Bull. 83, Government Printer, Wellington.
Cheeseman, T. F., 1925. Manual of the New Zealand Flora, ed. 2, Wellington.
Hegi, Gustav, 1908–1931. Illustrierte Flora von Mittel-Europa, München.
Jenkins, H. M., 1931. Observations on Muehlenbeckia astoni and its Seedlings. Trans. N.Z. Inst., vol. 61. pp. 217–221.
Martin, W., 1938. Notes on the Indigenous Flora of Marlborough (New Zealand), with Special Reference to Plant Distribution. Trans. Roy. Soc. N.Z., vol. 67, pp. 414–425.