Go to National Library of New Zealand Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa
Volume 72, 1942-43
This text is also available in PDF
(2 MB) Opens in new window
– 378 –

The addition of the following two new species of this primitive genus brings the total number of New Zealand species to eight, which may be conveniently separated by the following key:—

1. Mucro tapering with apical tooth only or with no teeth. 2
Mucro with apical and pre-apical teeth. 6
2. Ocelli eight to each side, all large and equal 3
Ocelli eight to each side, unequal. 5
3. Claw with inner teeth. 4
Claw without any teeth, very small blue species. Dens with constriction and with three long ventral setae. C. granulatus sp. nov.
4. Small dark-blue species. Dens with two very long ventral setae almost as long as itself. Postantennal organ not more than twice as long as an ocellus. C. minimus Salmon.
Large dark-blue species. Dens with three prominent ventral setae. Postantennal organ three times as long as an ocellus. C. terrigenus sp. nov.
5. Very dark-blue species. Ocelli seven large and one small to each side. Dens with two long ventral setae and one dorsal apical seta. Postantennal organ twice as long as large ocellus. Mucro with single upturned terminal tooth. C. okukensis Salmon.
Black species, ocelli six large and two small to each side. Mucro tapering without teeth but with narrow inner lamella. C. niger, Carpenter.
– 379 –
6. Ocelli eight to each side, all large and equal. 7
Ocelli eight to each side, unequal 8
7. Brilliant-blue species with violet tinge on head. Postantennal organ equal to three ocelli in length. Dens with three prominent ventral setae; mucro without inner lamella. C. haweaensis Salmon.
Entirely blue species. Postantennal organ equal to two ocelli in length. Dens with many long ventral setae; mucro with narrow inner lamella. C. loftyensis
8. Jet-black species. Ocelli six large, two small, to each side. Dens with two long ventral setae. Postantennal organ equal in length to two ocelli. C. atratus Salmon.

Cryptopygus terrigenus sp. nov. Plate 41, figs. 28–29.

Colour: Very dark Prussian blue, generally mottled, and often with narrow, colourless intersegmental bands.

Clothing: Sparsely clothed with very short plain setae.

Body: Length up to 1.5 mm. Antennae a little longer than the head, the four segments related as 20:35:25:48, Ant. IV, with exsertile sensory knob at apex. Ocelli eight to each side all equal. Postantennal organ large elliptical and double outlined, three times as long as an ocellus. Abd. IV a little longer than Abd. III.

Legs: Claw with a single inner tooth at centre, no outer teeth. Empodial appendage half as long as claw with broad outer lamella, narrow semi-outer lamella and short semicircular inner lamella. Two clavate tenent hairs to each foot. On each of the front feet one tenent hair is very much shorter than the other. Otherwise the tenent hairs are as long as the claw.

Furcula: Manubrium to mucrodens as 16:19. Dens with three long prominent ventral setae and one dorso-lateral apical seta. Mucro long and tapering, with a fine recurved apical tooth, and sometimes a slight pre-apical tooth-like swelling.

Localities: Johnson's Hill, Karori, in leaf mould; Karori Hills in bush-clad gullies amongst leaf mould (Author's Colln).

Type: Slide 3/1228 and Figured Paratype Slide 3/1229 Dominion Museum Collection.

Cryptopygus granulatus sp. nov. Plate 42, figs. 59–61.

Colour: In life pale to medium turquoise blue; mounted ground colour of very pale blue or white overlaid with coarse blotchy aggregates of deep-blue pigment granules more concentrated dorsally and dorso-laterally than ventrally. Legs white with only a few blue granules. Antennae more deeply pigmented, the granules concentrated around the joints. Furcula colourless. Ocelli on ill-defined black pigment patches.

Clothing: Thickly clothed with short plain setae, larger and more numerous around posterior of abdomen.

Body: Length up to .66 mm. Antennae about one-third again as long as head, the four segments related as 12:15:15:25. Ant. IV with apical sensory knob and two long straight apical sensory bristles and several sub-apical ones. Ocelli, eight to each side, all large and equal. Postantennal organ large, oval, double-outlined, almost as broad

– 380 –

as long and 1 ⅓ times as long as the diameter of an ocellus. Abds. III and IV approximately equal in length. Ventral tube short and dome-like.

Legs: Claw without any teeth. Empodial appendage reaching to about halfway down claw, with the outer lamella narrow reaching to apex, the inner broad reaching two-thirds down from base, and without tooth at angle. Two slender slightly clavate tenent hairs almost as long as claw to each foot, the clavate portion more hook-shaped than clavate.

Furcula: Short. Manubrium to dens to mucro as 11:10:4. Dens with a constriction two-thirds along from base and with three strong ventral setae. Mucro tapering to a fine slightly upturned point.

Locality: D'Urwille Island—obtained with a Berlese funnel from leaf mould collected on the Island at an altitude of 1500 ft. in beech forest by Dr. W. R. B. Oliver; Buller's Bush, Levin, in leaf mould. (Author's Coll.).

Type: Slide 3/1300 and Figured Paratype 3/1301. Dominion Museum Collection.

Cryptopygus niger Carpenter, 1925.

Previously known only from Ben More, Canterbury, this species can now be reported from Dean's Bush, Christchurch, under the bark of both rimu and kahikatea trees, where it occurs in large numbers. (Author's Coll.)