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Volume 73, 1943-44
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Reports of Member Bodies.

Auckland Institute and Museum.

President: Mr. A. H. Johnstone, K.C.
Director: Lieut.-Colonel G. Archey.
Acting Director: Mr. A. W. B. Powell.

The times of late have not been propitious for carrying on the normal activities of the Auckland Institute and Museum. The precautionary measures for public safety rendered necessary by the entry of Japan into the war have made it obligatory to hold almost all functions of the Institute during the hours of

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daylight and to suspend for the time being those which hitherto have been held in the evening. Much of the valuable material usually housed in the Museum has been removed to places of greater safety. The staff has been depleted by enlistments in the armed forces. But despite these serious disadvantages the Institute has continued to render a valuable service to the public. The educational work in connection with the schools has been carried on as energetically and successfully as ever. The Sunday afternoon lectures drew record attendances. Many inquiries on technical subjects, some of them having a direct bearing on the war effort, were received and answered. Servicemen, both of our own forces and of those of our allies, have visited the Museum in large numbers. The staff have placed themselves at the disposal of these visitors whenever possible and by means of film sessions, conducted tours, lecturettes, special exhibitions and explanatory memoranda have done a great deal to make the visits interesting and instructive. Thus the 74th Annual Report may be regarded as satisfactory.

Staff: The Director, Dr. Gilbert Archey, has served throughout the year as Lieut.-Colonel in the 4th Battalion, Auckland Regiment. Mr. A. W. B. Powell has, in addition to his regular duties, continued his appointment as Acting-Director and served as an officer in the Home Guard. Mr. V. F. Fisher, ethnologist, is serving overseas in the New Zealand forces in the South West Pacific, and Mr. R. A. Scobie, former Education Officer, continues to serve in the 8th Army, Middle East Forces. During the year Miss Joyce Bartley, recorder and typist, was accepted for New Zealand Air Force duties.

We have recently lost an esteemed member of the honorary staff by the death of Mr. W. H. Hemingway, who since 1937 rendered valuable service as honorary entomologist. Mr. Hemingway installed in the Museum soon after his appointment an attractive display of tropical butterflies, moths, and other insects. He spent a good deal of time at the Museum keeping the collection in first-class order and making additions as opportunity offered, notably some hundreds of specimens collected during his 1937 trip to the Far East. Mr. Hemingway had a great affection for children and he could frequently be seen at the Museum on a Saturday afternoon personally explaining to children the wonders of insect life.

Membership: At the beginning of the year the list comprised 165 life members and 407 annual members. During the year we lost 28 members by death, resignation and deletion, and 21 new members have been elected. The roll now stands at 565, of whom 167 are life members. It is gratifying to note that five life members were elected during the year. We welcome among us Captain Luther M. Stayer, the first member of the American Forces to join the Institute.

Obituary: During the year we have lost by death many valued members: Hon. F. Mander, Rev. A. B. Chappell, Mrs. A. B. Wilson, Messrs. E. V. Alison. E. C. Blomfield, A. M. Ferguson, W. H. Hemingway, C. V. Houghton, E. S. Kohn, R. A. Laidlaw and Thomas Miller.

Congratulations: Congratulations are extended to Dr. L. I. Grange and Dr. L. H. Briggs on their election to the Fellowship of the Royal Society of New Zealand.

Council: Seven well attended meetings were held during the year.

Finance: Receipts were approximately the same as last year, a further slight reduction in members' subscriptions being due to the fact that more of our members are serving in the forces. The apparently substantial balance of £1,156 in the General Account must be viewed in relation to the normal necessity of providing for two “lean” months from the end of the financial year to the receipt of the Museum maintenance contributions. A reserve sum of £500 is set aside to meet special war-time contingencies, and it should be noted in this connection that war risk insurances alone for the year increased from £21 to £341.

By his will the late Mr. J. A. Pond left to the Institute a legacy of £100 to commemorate the work of the late Mr. T. F. Cheeseman. It has been decided to endow with the money a prize to be called the Cheeseman-Pond Memorial Research Prize, and rules governing the awarding of the prize are now under the consideration of the Council. This prize should stimulate students' endeavours in pure scientific research. It was decided also to employ the £100 bequeathed by the late Mr. Ormsby Gore Adams for the purchase of educational films.

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Nearly three-quarters of a century has gone by since the Institute came into being. From small beginnings it has grown to be a scientific and cultural institution of first rate importance. But it has always kept its popular character. Its resources have been at the disposal not only of scientific workers but of the general public as well. Many thousands of people visit the Museum each year. Its collections, some of them priceless, are available for inspection by any member of the public. Hundreds of public lectures have been delivered. The privileges of its valuable library are open to all members. But the monetary resources of the Institute are very limited, and in order to carry on its work additional revenue is urgently needed. One obvious way of augmenting its funds is by obtaining new members. It is suggested that each member might help in this direction by bringing the claims of the Institute to the notice of his or her friends.

Institute Meetings: It was noted that owing to war-time influences such as black-out and petrol restrictions, attendances at evening meetings during the previous year had been sadly depleted. Therefore, the Council reluctantly decided, for the time being, to suspend the Institute evening series and to concentrate upon the Museum Sunday lectures. One ordinary meeting was held, however, a paper, “China's Gift to Horticulture,” being given by Dr. Lai-yung Li (of Lingnan University), now assistant botanist, Plant Research Bureau, Wellington; and another by Lieut. F. J. Newhook, M.Sc.

Sunday Lectures: In marked contrast to the evening lecture attendances, the Sunday series was extremely well patronised, attendances averaging 207 for each lecture. Subjects featuring New Zealand natural history, ethnology and topography were chosen.

“The Southern Alps.”
Mr. E. G. Turbott, M.Sc., “Animal Wonders of New Zealand.”
Miss Olga Adams, M.Sc., “Maori Weaving and Dyeing.”
Mrs. Olwyn M. Turbott: “Greenstone Trails.”
Miss L. M. Cranwell, M.A., F.L.S., “The Story of Kauri.”
Mr. A. W. B. Powell, F.R.S.N.Z., “Chatham Islands.”
Miss L. M. Cranwell, M.A., F.L.S., “New Zealand Botanical Films.”
Captain Samuel W. Smith (U.S. Army), “The Navah

Museum—Exhibitions and Educational: Owing to adverse conditions, the Cheeseman Memorial Flower Show was not held this year, but the Cheeseman Memorial Competition took place as usual, the project being “The Economic Importance of the Native Flora and Fauna.” Entries were small, but the standard achieved was very gratifying.

A special exhibition on “Basic Economic Plants of the Pacific,” by Miss L. M. Cranwell, arranged by request primarily for the instruction of guerrilla units, has been kept up as an extended feature. Another feature is a demonstration of Maori plaiting and weaving by Mrs. M. Tuhapi and Mrs. R. Potatau, arranged through the courtesy of Mr. George Graham, which takes place every Tuesday in the Maori Court. This demonstration links up with another weekly fixture provided for the entertainment and instruction of organised visiting groups of convalescent United States servicemen, consisting of film sessions, lecturettes and a conducted tour through the Museum by members of the Museum staff.

Great interest was shown in an autumn display of native and introduced plant dyes applied to wools, prepared by Mrs. Pulleine Spencer, of Hamilton.

Display and Collections: There has been little opportunity for new display work during the year apart from special exhibitions designed to create popular interest in current affairs. Miss Cranwell's “Pacific Economic Plant Exhibition” has been already referred to, and there is also an exhibit by Mr. Turbott featuring six strategic minerals. Mrs. Turbott has completed several new arrangements in the Maori Hall with the object of filling gaps occasioned by the temporary removal of certain irreplaceable specimens. Also a section of a large monkey exhibit has been completed by Mr. Dover.

Hawke's Bay Branch of the Royal Society of N.Z.

Report (in Brief) for Year Ended December 31st, 1942.

At the Annual Meeting, held on July 23rd, the following officers were elected:—President. I. J. Pohlen, M.A.; Council—D. A. Campbell, A. G. Clark, C. F. H. Pollock, W. B. Stewart, E. S. West, G. E. Waterworth; Hon. Secretary-

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Treasurer, C. F. H. Pollock; Hon. Auditor, J. E. Gleadow; Hon. Lanternist, Hector Chapman; Museum Representatives—Messrs Clark, Campbell, Pohlen, and West; Representative, Royal Society, G. V. Hudson, F.R.S., N.Z.

Drs. Clark and Waterworth are both abroad on military service.

Paper: A paper contributed by Mrs. E. A. Hodgson, of Wairoa, entitled “A Review of the N.Z. Species of the Genus Chiloscyphus,” has been accepted by the Editor of the Transactions.

Library: New volumes added have been: The Ultra-Perceptive Faculty, 2 vols. (Hettinger); Rape of the Earth (Jacks); Man against Microbe (Bigger); History of H. Bay (Wilson); Soil Conservation (Bennett); Geomorphology of N.Z. (Cotton); Land Utilization Report, Htg'a Plains; Transactions, Vol. 71.

Membership: Three new members were elected, and one resignation received, leaving a total of 57.

Meetings: Two well-attended Council Meetings were held. A programme of popular lectures had to be postponed owing to lighting restrictions. The attendance of Museum Representatives has been very regular.

Financial: The accompanying statement shows a Cr. Bal. of £20 19s 10d for the year under review.

I. J. Pohlen

, President.

Wellington Branch of the Royal Socity of New Zealand
(Incorporated).

Seventy-Fifth Annual Report; Being the Report of the Council for the Year Ended September 30th, 1942.

Membership: The total membership of the Society now stands at 224. During the year 17 new members were elected and 15 resignations were received.

Meeting Place: With the loss of the meeting-room in the Dominion Museum consequent upon that building being taken over in connection with the Dominion's war effort, the Society had to find alternative accommodation for the duration of the war. Rooms in the Biology Department at Victoria College were kindly placed at the disposal of the Society free of any charge and meetings have been held there since June. The thanks of the Society are due to the Victoria College Board for their most generous help at a most difficult time.

Meetings: Considering the difficulties of the present times, the Society's meetings have continued to draw fair attendances. The following general meetings have been held:—April 22nd, Presidential Address, “The Botanist in Peace and War,” by Dr. H. H. Allan; May 27th, “Some Aspects of Soil Erosion in China and the U.S.A.,” by Dr. Li, of Lignan University, Canton; June 24th, “English as a Tool in the Hands of Scientists,” by Mr F. M. Stace; July 22nd, “Concept of Race,” by Dr. Ernest Beaglehole; August 26, “Speed and Visibility,” by His Honour Mr Justice Blair; September 23rd, a Series of Demonstrations and Lecturettes were arranged by the Dominion Museum, the Biology Department, Victoria College, the Geological Survey, the Plant Research Bureau, and Technological Section.

Sections: Owing to the absence of members on war work, the Astronomical Section has ceased to meet until further notice. All other sections have continued to meet as usual. The average attendance at the Geological Section has been 24, with a maximum of 65. Two lectures of general interest were given during the year:—“Soil Erosion in the High Country of the South Island,” by Dr. L. I. Grange and Messrs. J. D. Raeside and H. S. Gibbs; and “The Masterton Earthquake,” by Dr. A. R. Lillie and Messrs. M. Ongley and R. C. Hayes. In addition, four other lectures have been held, five abstracts of current publications have been read, ten exhibits shown, and five papers on original work read by title. The Presidential Address, entitled “Meteorites,” was given by Dr. C. O. Hutton on June 11th. With the Technological Section the average attendance has been 30. The May meeting took the form of a visit to the Dominion Laboratory, where demonstrations were given by the Laboratory staff. An original paper, “Upper Winds at Little America,” by Squadron Leader C. E. Palmer, was read at the September meeting. Supper has been served at the conclusion of all meetings of the section. Biology Section meetings have

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continued to be well attended during the year. The July meeting took a new form in the shape of a “Research Symposium” by graduate students of Victoria College Biology Department, and was particularly successful. In June Dr. Li. of Lignan University. Canton, spoke on “Some Observations on Tung Culture, U.S.A.,” and for the Presidential Address Dr. L. R. Richardson spoke on “Social Biology and the Future.” Other subjects discussed were: “Classification of the Vascular Plants,” by Dr. I. V. Newman, and “Recent Developments in Seaweed Utilisation,” by Miss L. B. Moore.

Papers for Publication: The following papers were read by title at the general meetings of the Society:—August 26th, “The Physical Characteristics of Meteors,” by R. A. McIntosh, F.R.A.S., communicated by Mr. C. G. G. Berry; September 23rd, “New Records of New Zealand Collembola, with Descriptions of New Genera and Species,” by Mr. J. T. Salmon; “Observations on the Growth of Ma [ unclear: ] ro [ unclear: ] cystis in New Zealand, with a Description of a Free Living Form,” by Miss L. B. Moore; “Some Hitherto Unrecorded Plant Stations,” by Mr. A. J. Healy.

Cats on Horekopere Island: The branches at Otago and Southland having been unsuccessful in their endeavours to obtain assistance from the Government in this work, undertook to carry it out themselves and appealed for financial assistance from member bodies. Your Council acceded to the request and forwarded the donation of £2 2s asked for.

Library: After being closed for some three months following the shutting down of the Museum, the Library may now be consulted by members on application to the Secretary at the Museum. All periodicals continue to come to hand, although at rather irregular intervals, and the following new books have been purchased during the year:—Man Against Microbe, by J. W. Bigger; The Social Functions of Science, by J. D. Bernal; The Ins [ unclear: ] ec [ unclear: ] [ unclear: ] egion, by Malcolm Barr; Rutherford, by A. S. Eve; Light and Colour in the Open Air, by M. Minndent; Cosmic Rays, by A. S. Milliken; Mankind in the Making. by C. Borer; The Neuroses in War, by E. Millar; Science and Everyday Life. by J. B. S. Haldane; Physical Sciences in Art and Industry, by E. G. Richardson; Poverty and Population, by Tit [ unclear: ] muss; Low Temperature Physics, by Ruhemann; Statistical Mathematics, by A. C. Aitken; Advisory Bodies in Relation to Central Government, by Vernon and Manseugh; Feeding the Family, by M. S. Rose; Children with Defective Hearing, by the Board of Education; Domestic Pests, by L. Hunter; Memories of Sensation, by A. F. R. Smith; human Types, by R. Smith.

Observatory: The observatory is in a satisfactory state of repair.

Nelson Philosophical Society.

Annual Report for Year Ending September 30th, 1942.

The Committee submits the following report on the activities of the Nelson Philosophical Society for the year ending September 30th, 1942:—

The membership of the Society consists of 28 members and 15 associate members, making a total of 43.

The statement of receipts and expenditure shows a credit balance of £2 12s 3d.

Six meetings have been held during the year, the following being the speakers and subjects:—

1941.

October 28th—Short Addresses:

  • 1.—Professor J. S. Tennant, “Sunshine.”

  • 2.—Dr. M. Mayer, “N.Z.-made Agar.”

  • 3.—Mr. E. S. Gourlay, “Maori Artifacts.”

  • 4.—Mr. W. C. Davies, “Recent Accessions to the Cawthron, Museum.”

  • 5.—Dr. D. Miller, “Some Peruvian Artifacts.”

  • 6.—Mr. J. Glasgow. “Burmese Exhibits.”

1942.

May 18th—Mr. F. C. Gibbs: Presidential Address. “The Earth's Ice Ages.”

June 22nd—Mr. Wm. C. Davies: Three Short Addresses, dealing with the following subjects:—

  • 1. “Recent Cawthron Museum Accessions.”

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  • 2. “The Work of Dr. A. L. Barker, Pioneer Photographer and Historian of the Canterbury Settlement.”

  • 3. “Some New Photographic Materials and Processes.'

July 20th—Sir Walter Scott: “The Hill Tribes of Assam.”

August 17th—Mr R. Thomson: “A Recent Visit to the United States and Canada, with Special Reference to the Methods of Tobacco Culture in Those Countries.”

September 21st—Mrs. M. M. Moncricff: “The Story of Vegetable Dyes.”

All these addresses were copiously illustrated by lantern slides and specimens. It is pleasing to note that, notwithstanding war conditions, interest in the Society has been maintained to a marked degree, the average attendance of members and visitors being 45.

It is with deep regret that the Committee reports the retirement of Mr. O. B. Pemberton, who has held the position of Honorary Secretary to the Society for the past 15 years, and is now leaving Nelson. The Committee wishes to place on record its appreciation of Mr. Pemberton's long and efficient services, and trusts that he may enjoy many years of well-earned rest.

F. G. Gibbs

, President.

Wm. C. Davies

, Hon. Secretary and Treasurer.

Canterbury Branch of the Royal Society of New Zealand.

Abbreviated Annual Report for the Year 1942.

Obituary: To the list of old and honoured members, with associations going back into the vigorous early decades of the Society, whose loss the Society has recently sustained by death, must be added the names of Dr. F. W. Hilgendorf and Dr. John Guthrie.

Council: The Council has held one special and ten ordinary meetings during the year, under the handicap of a constantly changing personnel. Owing to the death of Dr. Hilgendorf, Mr. F. J. T. Grigg was elected to the office of Treasurer, while the vacancy on the Council was filled by Dr. R. S. Allan. Military duties caused the resignation from the Secretaryship and from the Council of Mr. A. G. McFarlane, his office being held temporarily by Mr. R. S. Duff, and finally by Mr. R. M. Allison. Similar reasons caused the resignation of Mr G. Guy, who was replaced by Mr. K. G. Cumberland.

The final signature of the Library Merger Agreement with Canterbury University College took place early in the present year.

Changes in the Constitution, with the object of enabling one Council member to hold two offices concurrently, were made by alterations to Laws III, XIII, and XV.

Membership: This has improved slightly on last year. Six members have been lost, four by resignation or transfer and two by death, as against ten new members elected this year and two new associate members. The net membership is now 132, with 6 associate members.

Programme: Evenings upon which addresses were given were more popular as judged by attendance than evenings when papers were given.

Addresses given were as follows:—

Presidential Address: “The Naturalist of the Gilbert White School,” by Mr. W. E. Moore.

“Notes on the History of the Society,” by Dr. F. W. Hilgendorf.

“Twenty-five Years' Residence in China,” by Mr. G. H. Ackerman.

“Homing Instincts in Birds,” by Dr. Wodzicki, Consul-General in N.Z. for Poland.

“The Military Cartridge: Its Powers and Limitations,” by Mr Gregory Kelly.

“A Regional Approach to Soil Erosion,” by Mr. K. B. Cumberland.

Mr. Cumberland's address is to be published.

Papers:. The following papers were presented for publication in the Transactions:—

June.—R. S. Allan: “The Origin of the Lower Devonian Fauna of Reefton, N.Z., with Notes on Devonian Brachiopods.”

October.—R. Speight: “The Geology of Banks Peninsula: A Revision.” G. Stokell: “A Fresh Water Smelt from Lake Rotorua.”

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Other papers read, but not for publication in the Transactions, were:—

April.—E. Percival: “The Early Development and Metamorphosis of a Brachiopod (Terebratella inconspicua)”—II. W. S. Brockie: “On the Discovery of a Blue Flowering Individual of Myosotis explanata.”

June.—R. S. Duff: “Moa Hunters of the Wairau.”

The June meeting took the unusual form of a full evening devoted to demonstrations of material objects, and proved very successful, especially as regards Mr. Duff's paper, which was read in conjunction with the exhibits.

Field Club: Mr. W. S. Brockie reports little activity of the Field Club this year owing to difficulties of transport and the absence of most of the members in the armed forces. The Committee of the previous year was re-elected to carry on when times improve.

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Report of the Librarian: The agreement with Canterbury University College for the merger of the two libraries was finally signed early in 1942. This was too late to take advantage of the arrangements made by the College Library staff to complete the merger in the 1941/42 long vacation, but work has proceeded since, preparing for the move, which should be made this December.

The fund established to commemorate Dr. C. C. Farr's service to the Society, particularly in providing for the Library the “Proceedings of the Royal Society of London,” has been expended in binding some of the volumes. Some other binding has also been done, but arrears still mount.

Riccarton Bush: The Board of Trustees of Riccarton Bush reports that the maintenance of the Bush has been carried out during the last financial year in accordance with the customary policy of keeping expenditure within income. The chief aim of the maintenance operations is to preserve as far as possible the natural vegetation and the natural growing conditions of the original forest.

Certain renovations and replacements of fencing, bridges, seats, and gates are under consideration and will be proceeded with as finance permits.

The attendance of visitors and student parties is well maintained.

Report of the Hon. Treasurer: Reference has been made elsewhere in this report to the loss sustained by the Society in the death of Dr. Hilgendorf, and brief mention only will be made in this section of the thorough and careful work carried out by him in his capacity as Honorary Treasurer. The Council appointed Mr. F. J. T. Grigg to carry on these duties.

The finances of the Society were augmented substantially during the year by the collection of £39 14s for back sales of The Natural History of Canterbury, and by current sales of this publication and of Sub-Antarctic Islands—totalling £8 10s 6d. The Council decided that a substantial portion of the amount relating to back sales should be devoted to special purposes, and a sum of £10 was accordingly allocated to the binding fund, and £25 as a nucleus of the publications fund.

The General Account shows a credit balance of £20 11s 10d.

Otago Branch of the Royal Society of New Zeland.

Annual Report for Session 1942.

Membership: The number of full members for 1942 is 160, as compared with 173 for 1941. There were three new members, one transfer out. four resignations, and five deaths.

Deaths: The deaths are recorded with regret of Sir James Allen, Oscar Balk, Dr. Stanley Batchelor, Robert Gilkison, and Malcolm Stewart. Robert Gilkison was one of our oldest members. He served for several years on the Council, was Secretary of the Society in 1905, and President in 1915. He made frequent contributions to discussions on papers, particularly those on historical subjects.

War Services: The following members are known to be on war service:— Dr. A. M. Begg, Dr. Neil Begg, Dr. Walden Fitzgerald, Mr Owen Fletcher, Mr. R. Kirk, Dr. J. R. J. Moore, Mr J. M. Paape.

Attendance: The attendance at the first eight meetings was 120. 27, 45, 47, 20, 46, 24, 45. If the first of these, a special meeting, is omitted, the average attendance is 35. This is the lowest average attendance for a number of years, and is due to the war. Attendance at junior meetings has also fallen.

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Representatives on Council of Royal Society: The thanks of the Society are due to Drs. C. M. Focken and F. J. Turner for their services as members of the Council.

Representatives on Museum Management Committee: Thanks are also due to Messrs. G. Simpson and J. Scott Thomson, who represent this Society at the monthly meeting of the Museum Management Committee.

Auditorium Fund: This now stands at £1518 12s 11d. An auditorium is probably the most pressing material need of our Society and of the Otago Museum, and it is to be hoped that post-war conditions will permit its provision.

Native Bird Protection: This subject, probably the “livest” in the whole history of the Society, was introduced by a lecture by Count Wodzicky, Consul-general for Poland, formerly Professor in the Agricultural College of the University of Warsaw, who spoke on the preservation of wild life in Poland before the war. The preservation of bird life on Herekopere was the subject of lengthy discussions and correspondence. It at once became clear that no help could be expected from the Department of Internal Affairs. Co-operative action was arranged with the Southland Branch of the Royal Society. The Canterbury, Wellington, and Auckland Branches made generous financial contributions, and the campaign is now being pushed vigorously.

Junior Branch: Owing to the difficulty in securing speakers, only three evening meetings were given. Miss Barbara Johns, M.H.Sc., Home Science Department, lectured on “What to Eat and Why.” The Microscopical Section arranged a successful evening of demonstrations. Miss Betty Batham, M.Sc., lectured on parasitism. Attendances stood about 70, a reduction due to war conditions.

Senior Branch: On November 20th, 1941, a special meeting of the Society was addressed by Count Wodzicky, Consul-general for Poland, who spoke on the preservation of wild life in Poland before the war.

April 14th.—Presidential address: “Theory and Practice.”

May 12th.—“Symposium on Ergot.” Dr. J. E. Holloway, F.R.S., Botany. Dr. S. N. Slater, Chemistry. Dr. J. B. Dawson, Uses in Medicine.

June 9th.—Mr. L. E. Richdale, M.A.: “Penguins, with Special Reference to the Big Crested Penguin (Eudyptes sclateri).”

July 14th.—Mr. C. V. Dayus, M.R.C.V.S.: “Considerations Regarding the Raising of Stock in New Zealand in War-time.”

August 11th.—Professor B. J. Marples: “Purposes, Functions, and Methods of the Ornithological Society.” Mrs. H. S. Tily: “Nesting of a Pair of Blackbirds, 1941.” Mr. L. Gurr: “Methods Used in Studying Blackbird Nestlings.”

September 8th.—“Symposium on Agricultural Production in War-time.” Mr. J. W. Woodcock: “Crop Production.” Mr. H. S. Saxby: “Seed Production.” Sound film on linen industry.

October 13th.—Mr George Howes: “Insect Collecting at the Homer.” Miss Marion Fyfe: “The Waite Research Institute.” Dr. W. N. Benson, F.R.S.: “Igneous Rocks of North Otago.”

November 10th.—Annual general meeting.

Original Papers.

Dr. W. N. Benson, F.R.S.—1. The Basic Igneous Rocks of Eastern Otago and Their Tectonic Environment. With Chemical Analyses by F. T. Seelye. Part 2. 2. The Olivine Theralite of Waihola, East Otago, a gravitationally differentiated sill. With appendices by Dr. F. J. Turner and C. O. Hutton, and chemical analyses by F. T. Seelye.

W. V. Macfarlane.—“Teleogaster opisthorcis and Opechora stegodeamene.” Sir William Benham, F.R.S.—I. The Octopodous Mollusca of N.Z. Part 1. The Midget Octopus of Coastal Waters. II, Ditto. Part 2. III. Notoscolex equestris, a earthworm from the Poor Knights.

Professor B. J. Marples.—“A Study of the Little Owl (Athene noctua).”

Miss M. L. Fyfe.—“Studies in the Anatomy and Systematic Position of Temnccephala novaezelandiae Haswell.”

Dr. F. J. Turner.—“Preferred Orientation of Olivine in New Zealand Peridotites and Allied Rocks.”

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Southland Branch of the Royal Society of New Zealand.

Report For 1942 Session.

President: Dr. C. C. Anderson.
Acting Hon. Secretary: Mr. A. D. Nisbet.

Membership: The branch membership stands at 46, of which one is a life member. During the year two new members were admitted, and there was one death.

Death: It is with regret that we record the death of Sir Robert Anderson.

Attendances: During the year attendances at meetings were very poor. There is no doubt that E.P.S., Home Guard, and other such duties were the cause of the decline in attendances, but the Council of the branch would urge that all members make every effort to be present at lectures in the coming season.

Native Bird Protection: This branch, acting in conjunction with Otago Branch, opened a subscription list for the purpose of raising funds to be used in connection with the destruction of cats on Herekopere Island. The Council of the branch wishes to thank Royal Society branches, R.S. members, and the general public for their generous support in this matter.

To date a number of cats have been destroyed, and, although it was hoped that this work would have been completed before now, it has been impossible owing to man-power regulations, etc. However, there is every prospect of carrying out the remaining part of the destruction in the near future, after which a full report will be issued.

This branch intends to take every possible step to prevent the reintroduction of pests to this island.

Lectures: During the session lectures were arranged as follows:–

April 30th.—“Artificial Radio Activity,” Dr. C. C. Anderson (presidential address).

May 21st.—“Race,” Dr. Pottinger.

June 18th.—“Vitamin C,” Dr. E. Gregory.

July 23rd.—“Timber and Its Uses in War,” Mr. J. F. Field.

August 26th.—“The Future of the Earth as an Abode for Man,” Dr. F. J. Turner.

September 24th.—“Bananas and Their Culture,” Mr. W. H. Tustin.

October 22nd.—“Shale Deposits of Southland and Otago,” Mr. R. W. Willett.

December 12th.—“Soil Acidity.” Mr W. R. Harris.

The thanks of the branch are due to the lecturers who gave of their time in the preparation of these lectures.

Financial: Balance of assets over liabilities for 1943, £22 1s 5d.

War Service: The following members are away on war service:—A. Ward, A. McDonald, D. C. Berry, J. H. Sorensen, C. Barwell, the last-named being a prisoner of war.

Conclusion: The times through which we are passing are difficult, and all are urged to do all in their power to keep our branch in a flourishing condition, so that when things again return to normal we will be enabled to carry on our valuable work in the community.