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Volume 76, 1946-47
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Geographic Range and Internal Distribution of the Mosses Indigenous to New Zealand.

[Read before the Otago Branch, October, 1945; Received by the Editor, January 9, 1946; issued separately, September, 1946.]

This paper contains a catalogue of the mosses known to be indigenous to the mainland of New Zealand and the off-shore islands, but excludes those of the Kermadecs, Chathams, and Subantarctic Islands which are not known to occur on the mainland as well. It likewise gives an account of the known distribution of each both within New Zealand and abroad. The need for such an investigation is evident from Sainsbury's observation (Trans. N.Z. Inst., vol. 62, p. 82) in 1931: “Our knowledge of the distribution of the mosses in this country is so slight that the finder of a new station for a species has practically no data on which to decide whether he is confronted with a case of discontinuous distribution, more or less extreme, or whether there is a chain of intermediate stations linking up his find with the nearest known locality … the paucity of field-workers and the outstanding difficulty of their task make it impossible for them to form any but provisional views on the distribution of even the most common species.”

The comparative scarcity of bryologists and collectors and of reliable records, combined with the fact that large tracts have been investigated, either not at all or at best most superficially, even to-day makes a complete picture of moss distribution impossible. In this regard it is well to recall Sir J. D. Hooker's remark in his Introductory Essay to the Flora Novae-Zelandiae (p. vi) that, “It takes a practised eye and some previous knowledge thoroughly to explore a small district rich in Mosses and Hepaticae.” Nevertheless, a study of the following tables will reveal that more than a good beginning has been made, and the general pattern of the ultimate picture has already begun to take shape.

The first account of New Zealand's bryophytic flora was presented by Sir J. D. Hooker in Volume 2 of his monumental Flora Novae-Zelandiae, published in 1855. This was followed twelve years later by his Handbook of the New Zealand Flora, part II of which enumerated some 362 mosses, of which 325 were recorded as growing on the mainland. Of these, 296 are still recognised as valid species, though in numerous cases under a revised nomenclature. Prior to these two publications Sir W. J. Hooker had in 1820 published his Musci Exotici; but all New Zealand mosses there recorded, described, and illustrated had come from the single area of Dusky Sound in Western Otago, where they had been collected in 1791 by Dr. A. Menzies. Sir J. D. Hooker's collecting was mainly confined to the Bay of Islands area.

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Pioneer research into the bryophytic flora was also conducted by Dr. Lyall, surgeon to the survey ship Acheron, between the years 1847 to 1851; and in 1876–7 by Dr. Sven Berggren, a Swedish botanist of note, whose moss collections exceeded 3000. In 1861–2, Dr. W. Lauder Lindsay, the Scottish cryptogamist, while on a health trip to New Zealand, spent several months studying the cryptogamic flora of Eastern Otago. His major results were published six years later in Contributions to New Zealand Botany, wherein are listed 44 mosses from the Dunedin area.

New Zealand students of the moss flora, active in the latter half of the century, include W. Colenso, J. B. Armstrong, J. Buchanan, T. Kirk, W. Bell, R. Brown, T. Naylor-Beckett, D. Petrie, and others, who either published their results in the Trans. N.Z. Institute or forwarded their material to W. Mitten, V. F. Brotherus, Carl Müller, C. Warnstorf, or other authority. The combined results of their labours were subsequently collated by H. N. Dixon, and, after critical review, were published by the New Zealand Institute in a series of six bulletins entitled Studies in the Bryology of New Zealand. Herein were enumerated some 469 species under a modernised nomenclature.

During the present century bryological research has been continued by D. Petrie, W. Gray, L. Cockayne, K. W. Allison, Mrs. E. A. Hodgson, Miss L. B. Moore, F. B. Matthews, V. Zotov, R. Mundy, G. O. K. Sainsbury, the writer, and others; and their combined labours have thrown quite a flood of light on problems of distribution. Most of the material collected by the above workers has passed through the hands of H. N. Dixon, of England, or of G. O. K. Sainsbury, of Wairoa, or of both, which gives additional assurance that the records are based on correctly identified material.

Since Dixon's review of the moss flora, completed in 1928, numerous papers have been published which have added considerably to the catalogue of indigenous mosses, and it may be expected that the ultimate list will not fall far short of 600, as predicted by J. D. Hooker a century ago. The total species listed by Dixon in the Studies was 469; the present list enumerates 493 species and 51 recognised varieties, to which must be added the numerous species and varieties of Sphagnum, a genus omitted from the present statistical review on account of the uncertainty attending the identification of many New Zealand species. The estimated total inclusive of the Sphagnaceae now stands at 513 species and 54 named varieties, or a grand total of 567.

Nature of the Present Research.

It was evident at the outset of the present investigation that the available evidence was much more extensive than had been generally recognised. The sources of information were:—

(a)

The published literature for locality records.

(b)

The material housed in the four principal museums.

(c)

Field study in many parts of the Dominion.

(d)

Notes supplied by G. O. K. Sainsbury based on the material housed in his unrivalled collection of New Zealand mosses.

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(a) Published Literature.

All available literature, involving most of the publications and papers that deal with the New Zealand moss flora, has been read, and named localities have been credited to each moss referred to, under its present-day name. Synonyms are very numerous and make the tabulation of locality records rather difficult and tedious. In all, some 1950 published locality records (marked 0 in Table V) have been listed and credited to the Botanical Districts to which the localities belong. The Botanical Districts are those of Cockayne (Vegetation of New Zealand, 2nd Edit., pp. 380400), the sub-districts of Thames and Banks Peninsula being treated for convenience as independent districts. The boundary between the Eastern and Western districts is here regarded and treated as co-incident with the Provincial boundary, this being the line of separation between the mesophytic, sub-tropical rain-forests of Westland and the xerophytic, subantarctic beech forests of Canterbury. Records for Mount Cook and Arthur's Pass are credited therefore to the Eastern and not to the Western Botanical District.

All available literature concerning the moss floras of Tasmania. Australia, South America, Subantarctic Islands, and Pacific Islands has been consulted, and the presence of New Zealand mosses noted. Similarly, American, European, and British Moss Floras have been searched, but it must be stressed that the specific identity of many exotic and indigenous mosses can only be finally established after critical comparison by competent authorities.

(b) Herbarium Material Examined.

The herbarium at the Dominion Museum in Wellington contains a large part of Colenso's and Kirk's mosses and the major portion of those collected by Dr. Donald Petrie. Though this latter botanist nowhere refers to his mosses in his numerous botanical papers, it is to be noted that he was an ardent collector of the mosses, with very many discoveries and interesting “finds” to his credit. From this herbarium 150 mosses proved to have been collected from Botanical Districts from which there were no previous records. A similar examination of the material housed at the Auckland Memorial Museum provided a further 100 “first records,” and the Otago Museum Herbarium at Dunedin 40. At Auckland the Cheeseman and Berggren collections are housed, while those of J. Buchanan and in part those of T. Kirk are preserved at Dunedin.

Previous to the examination of the herbaria at Auckland and Dunedin, G. O. K. Sainsbury had already generously supplied over 1000 “first records” from his own extensive herbarium, otherwise the figures for these herbaria would have been much higher. The writer's herbarium has supplied an additional 125 first records for various Botanical Districts. A vast amount of corroborative evidence sub-stantiating published records has also been obtained from the herbaria examined.

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(c) Field Study.

Much of New Zealand remains bryologically unexplored, more particularly in South Island and in Stewart Island. In particular, this applies to the Southern Alps and to the country flanking them on the west, the mountainous country of Marlborough and Nelson, the Marlborough Sounds, and the mountainous country of Western Otago. Most of the writer's field study has been carried out in the Wairarapa, the Arthur Pass National Park, and in Otago; but collections have been made from Hokianga in the north to Stewart Island in the south. As a result, many mosses formerly considered rare have been found to be common in previously unexplored areas, new mosses have come to light, new stations have been discovered for uncommon species, and intermediate stations have been located for mosses previously noted only in widely separated localities.

General Observations Concerning Published Locality Records for Indigenous Mosses.

Records from specific localities are easily placed in their appropriate Botanical Districts. Many early records, however, are merely listed as from New Zealand without precise locality; and still others are recorded as “widespread”, “common throughout the Islands”, “widely distributed”, etc. Such records can be credited to the appropriate islands, but not to any Botanical District. Again, records such as “Otago” or “Auckland”, which incorporate three Botanical Districts, are too indefinite in themselves to permit of being credited to any one of these. Fortunately, in numerous cases corroborative evidence is available. Published records based on doubtful determinations have been ignored, unless subsequently confirmed by a recognised authority. A majority of the “new” species described by Colenso and by Brown are but trivial variants of previously known mosses, but the locality records arc of value, and have been credited to the appropriate species.

Endemic Mosses.

Bellia, Bryodixonia, Hennediella, and Tetraphidopsis certainly and Archephemeropsis and Cryptopodium probably are endemic genera. Orthorrhynchium, if validly distinct from Phyllogonium, is likewise endemic; if also, as has been suggested by Dixon, a South American moss has possibly been wrongly placed in the genus, then Dendroligotrichum becomes an endemic genus also. Of these genera Hennediella is apparently restricted to the eastern side of the South Island, and Bryodixonia to Mount Egmont, but Bellia and Tetraphidopsis are widespread. The other genera are likewise widespread save that Archephemeropsis has not been found north of the Volcanic Plateau or south of Nelson and Marlborough, while Dendroligotrichum is wholly subalpine.

One hundred and ninety-seven (or 37%) of the 533 mosses representing the Bryales are endemic, 45.5% of the Andreales, and probably one-third of the Sphagnales. Of the endemic Bryales, 46 are

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known only from a single Botanical District. These are indicated in Table I. Future research will undoubtedly add still further to the moss flora and extend the known range of many species, but the endemic element can safely be placed at or slightly under 40%.

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Table I.
Mosses Restricted in New Zealand to One Botanical District.
Botanical District. Endemic. Non-endemic.
North Auckland Archidium elatum
Thames (sub-district) Dicnemoloma incanum, Rhychostegium fragilicuspis, Stereodon maculosus Thamnium eflagellare
South Auckland Bryum chrysoneuron var. luteolimbatum, Pleuridium curvulum Bryum laevigatulum, Pottia sub-physcomitrioides, Sematophyllum aciculum
Volcanic Plateau Eurhynchium ellipticifolium, Fissidens allisonii, Webera elatior Stereodon oupressiformis var. resupinatus, Tetraphis browniana, Zygodon rufescens
Egmont-Wanganui Bryodixonia perichaelialis Ulota pygmaeothecia
East Cape Bartramia alaris, Meesia novae-zealandiae, Thamnium baculiferum, Tortula flavinervis var. gigantea Aloina sullivaniana, Amblystegium juratzkanum (?), Brachymenium wattsii, Bryum curvicollum var. extenuatum, Sainsburia novae-zealandiae, Triquetrella curvifolia, T. filoformis
Ruahine-Cook Ta [ unclear: ] thelium novae-zealandiae Cryphaea ovalifolia
Sounds-Nelson Pylaisia australis
North-western Bryum tenuidens, Funaria helmsii, Sematophyllum dallii, Tortula viridipila
North-eastern Ulora rufula
Western Andreaea microvaginata, Dit [ unclear: ] ichum vaginata var. longifolia Brachythecium subplicatum, Rhacomitrium striatipilum, Stereodon cupressiformis var. elatus
Eastern Andreaea australis var. mitchellii, Bartramia crassinervia, Conostomum giganteum, Coscinodon australis, Dicranella cyrtodonta, Dicranum mackayi (?), Grimmia argentea, Seligeria diminuta, Ulota bellii var. longicolla, Weisia weymouthii var. lancifolia Bartramia robusta, Thamnium pumilum (?)
Banks Andreaea schimperi, Astomum austrocrispum var. longifolium, Orthotrichum austropulchellum, Pottia alfredii, P. serrata
North Otago Pottia areolata Saelania glaucescens
Fiord Macromitrium hectori, Ulota bellii, Ulota viridis var. adpressa
South Otago Camptochaete aciphylla, Campylopus novae-zealandiae, Grimmia inaequalis, Thamnium latifolium var. elongatum
Stewart Trematodon mackayi
Mosses endemic to one Botanical District = 37 species + 9 varieties 46
Other Mosses restricted to one Botanical District = 20 species + 3 varieties 23
Total 69
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Table II.
Data Concerning the Indigenous Moss Flora of the New Zealand Mainland (Sphagnaceae omitted).
Species Varieties. Total. %
Mosses indigenous to the New Zealand mainland 493 51 544 100
Mosses endemic to the New Zealand mainland 181 21 202 37
Mosses indigenous to the North Island 424 37 461 85
Mosses indigenous to the South Island 424 36 460 85
Mosses indigenous to Stewart Island 75 6 81 14.3
Mosses restricted in New Zealand to North Island 57 14 71 13.2
Mosses restricted in New Zealand to South Island 05 10 75 13.8
Mosses restricted in New Zealand to Stewart Island 1 0 1 0
Endemic mosses restricted to North Island 28 8 36 6.6
Endemic mosses restricted to South Island 47 8 55 10
Endemic mosses restricted to one Botanical District 37 9 46 8.1
Non-endemic Mosses restricted to one Botanical District 23 4 27 5
Mosses not yet noted north of the Volcanic Plateau 209 25 234 43
Mosses restricted in N.Z. to area north of Volcanic Plateau 6 1 7 1.3
Mosses not ranging south into Otago 184 32 216 40
Mosses restricted to Otago and Southland 6 2 8 1.4
Mosses ranging from North Auckland to Southland 131 9 140 25.7
     Total known Moss Flora including Sphagnum spp. as listed in Dixon's Studies 513 54 567

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Table III.
Data Concerning the known Moss Flora of the Botanical Districts (omitting the Sphagnaccae). Botanical Districts. Species and Varieties hitherto reported First Records supplied by G. O. K. Sainsbury. First Records from Dominion Museum Herbarium. First Records from Auckland Museum Herbarium First Records from Otago Museum Herbarium First Records from Author's Herbarium. Total records from All Sources.
North Auckland 144 27 1 20 1 0 193
Thames (sub-district) 54 84 3 14 19 2 176
South Auckland 163 24 35 13 7 0 242
Volcanic Plateau 200 104 6 6 0 0 316
Egmont-Wanganui 24 144 12 0 0 0 180
East Cape 111 189 3 0 0 2 305
Ruahine-Cook 246 40 16 6 1 5 314
Sounds-Nelson 22 52 2 0 0 8 84
North-western 71 74 1 1 11 10 168
North-eastern 34 170 3 1 1 2 211
Western 75 67 22 13 0 63 240
Eastern 296 23 1 4 0 7 331
Banks (sub-district) 87 13 1 21 0 0 122
North Otago 45 13 19 7 0 0 84
Fiord 105 19 7 1 0 2 134
South Otago 207 37 29 7 0 1 281
Stewart 72 7 2 0 0 0 81
Totals 1956 1087 163 114 40 102 3462
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Botanical Status of Some Mosses Enumerated in Table V.

In a recent paper (1945, pp. 169186) Sainsbury has reduced Macromitrium retusum H.f. et W. to a variety of M. gracile (Hook.) Schwaegr.; M. recurvulum C.M. to a variety of M. eucalyptorum Hpe. and C.M. and has merged M. petriei Dix with M. erosulum Mitt. and M. rigescens Broth. and Dix. with M. grossirete C.M. Zygodon brownii Schwaegr. and Zygodon sulcatus (Knight) Dixon have also recently been merged with Z. intermedius B. and S. There are, however, a number of other mosses which may ultimately be eliminated as not being specifically distinct. Thus, Mr. Sainsbury informs me, the following mergers may have to take place, viz.: Campylopus pudicus with C. introflexus, Camptochaete brachydictya with C. pulvinata, Bryum billardieri with B. truncorum, B. laevigatulum with B. curvicollum.

In the paper cited above the specific distinctness of Papillaria flexicaulis and P. filipendula, and of Mniodendron comosum and M. comatum is questioned, and Rhacopilum cristatum and R. laetum are regarded as no more than forms of R. strumiferum. It is true that in some genera (e.g., Dicranoloma, Macromitrium, Sphagnum) some of the forms almost defy the taxonomist. Whether these “intermediate” forms are due to “inherent plasticity or variability”, whatever that implies, or whether due to hybridism is difficult to decide. Bryologists, like phanerogamic taxonomists of a previous decade, are loth to admit the frequency of hybridization, but it seems probable that hybridization is more common amongst mosses than is generally supposed. Of course, genetic experiment must be the final criterion.

The claim of several species to be indigenous rests on a single specimen in a foreign herbarium (e.g., Camptochaeta vaga, Meteorium nitens) or on a record without known herbarium corroboration (e.g., Ectropothecium sandwichense). Whether one or two species (e.g., Scleropodium purum) are truly indigenous or introduced or both is not certainly known. Lastly, whether all species listed as endemic are really so must await extended bryological surveys in Australia, South America, and elsewhere. Nevertheless, the really doubtful species of the New Zealand flora form but a small fraction of the whole, and bryological research in this country is probably more advanced than elsewhere in the Southern Hemisphere; Tasmania possibly excepted.

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Table IV.
Indigenous Mosses Reported from Other Lands.
Number %
(a) Cosmopolitan Mosses 23 4.2
(b) Tasmania 238 43.7
(c) Australia 184 33.8
(d) South America 112 20.6
(e) Fuegia and Subantarctic Islands 115 21.1
(f) Africa 41 7.5
(g) Polynesia and Other Islands of Pacific Ocean 53 9.7
(h) Northern Hemisphere 79 14.5

(Note: The Sphagnaceae have not been included. Owing to the meagre bryological research accomplished over vast tracts of the earth, and to the need for monographical study of many genera, the above figures must be subject to future modification.)

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Table V.
Botanical Districts. Recorded External Distribution
Species and Varieties Indigenous to New Zealand Endemics—E North Island South Island Stewart Island N. Auckland Thames S. Auckland Volcanic Plateau Egmont-Wanganui East Cape Ruahine-Cook Sounds-Nelson North-western North-eastern Western Eastern Banks N. Otago Fiord S. Otago Tasmania Australia S. America Antarctica Africa Pacific Islands N. Hemisphere
1 Acanthocladium ertenuatum (Brid.) Mitt. 0 0 0 0 4 2 4 4 0 0 0 2 0 4 0 0 0 0 0
2 Acaulon apiculatum (H.f. and W.) Jaeg. 0 0 0 4 0 3 0 0 0
3 [ unclear: ] crocladium auriculatum (Mont.) Mitt. 0 0 0 1 0 0 2 4 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4 " cuspidatum Lindb. 0 0 4 0 4 0 0 0
5 Aloina sullivaniana (C.M.) Broth. 0 0 0
6 Amblystegium filicinum De Not. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
7 " [ unclear: ] atz [ unclear: ] anum Schp. (?) 0 4 0
8 " [ unclear: ] parium B. & S. 0 0 0 1 0 4 0 0 0 or 0 0 0
8a " " var. debilinerve Dix. & Sainsb. E 0 0 4
9 " serpens B. & S. 0 4 0 0 0 0
10 [ unclear: ] mphidium cyathicarpum (Mont.) Broth. 0 0 0 0 4 5 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
11 [ unclear: ] noectangium bellii (Broth.) Dix. E 0 4 0 0 0 or 0
12 [ unclear: ] ndreaea acuminata Mitt. 0 0 0 0 0 0
13 " acutifolia Hook.t. et Wils. 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
14 " aquatica R.Br.ter. E 0 0 0 0
15 " aquatilis R.Br.ter. E 0 4 0
16 " austi [ unclear: ] alis F.Muell 0 0 4 4 4 0 0 0
16a " " var. mitchelhi (Broth. & Dix.) Dix. E 0 0
17 " micro [ unclear: ] aginata C.M. E 0 0
18 " nitida II.f. & W. 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 0
19 " rupestris Hedw. 0 0 0 4 0 4 4 0 4 0 0 0 4 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
20 " schimperi Dix E 0 0
21 " subulata Harv. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
22 Anomob [ unclear: ] yum harriotti [ unclear: ] (R.Br.ter.) Dix. E 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
23 Archephemeropsis trentepohlioides Renner. E? 0 0 0 0 4
24 [ unclear: ] rchidium elatum Dix & Sainsb. E 0 0
25 Astomum austro-crispum (C.M. & Beck.) Broth. E 0 0 0
25a " " var. longifolium (R.Br.ter.) Dix. E 0 0
26 Atrichum muelleri (Hpe. & C.M.) Mitt. 0 0 4 4 0 0 5 0 0 0 0
27 Aulacomnium palustre Schwaegi. 0 4 0 0 0 0
28 Aulacopilum glaucum Wils. 0 0 0 0 0 0
29 Barbula australasiae (Hook. et Grev.) Brid. 0 0 0 4 2 1 4 4 0 0 4 0 0 0 4 4 0 0 0
29a " rostiata (R.Br.ter.) Dix. E 0 0
30 " torquata Tayl. E 0 0 1 1 4 4 0 0 2 0 0
31 Ba [ unclear: ] t [ unclear: ] amia alaris Dix & Sainsb. 0 0
32 " crassine [ unclear: ] ia Mitt. E 0 0
33 " norvegica (Gunn.) Lindb. 0 0 4 4 0 0 0 3 0 0 2 0 0 0 0
34 " papillata II f. et W. 0 0 0 0 4 4 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ?
35 " robusta II.f. et W. 0 0 0
36 Bellia neriosa (H.f. & W.) Broth. 0 0 0 4 4 4 4 0 0 0 0 5 0
37 Blindia magellanica W.P.Schimp. et C.M. 0 0 5 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0
38 " tenuifolia (H.f. & W.) Mitt. 0 0 0 0 4 0 1 0 0 0 0
39 Blindiopsis [ unclear: ] mme [ unclear: ] sa Bartr. & Dix. E 0 5 0 0
40 Brachymenium preissianum Hampe. 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 0
41 " wattsri Broth. 0 4 ?
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42 Brachythecium albicans B. & S. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
43 " cymbifolium Dix. & Sainsb. E 0 0 0 0
44 " paradoxum (H. f. & W.) Jaeg. 0 0 4 4 4 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0
45 " plumosum B. & S. 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 5 0 1 0 0 0 0
46 " [ unclear: ] utabulum B. & S. 0 0 0 3 0 0 4 4 0 4 4 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
46a " " var. robustum B. & S. 0 0 4 ? 4 0 0
47 " salebrosum B. & S. 0 0 4 4 4 0 4 4 4 4 2 0 4 0 0 0 0
48 " subplicatum (Hpe.) Jaeg. 0 1 0
49 Braithwaitei sulcata (Hook.) Lindb. 0 0 0 4 0 0 4 3 4 0 0
50 Braunfelsia obesifolia (R.Br.ter.) Dix. E 0 4 0 0
51 Breutelia affinis (Hook.) Mitt. 0 0 0 0 4 4 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0
52 " elongata (H.f. & W.) Mitt. 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 2 0 0 0 0
53 " pendula (Hook.) Mitt. 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 2 4 0 4 4 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 ?
54 Bruchia minutissima Dix. & Sainsb. E 0 0
55 Bryum affine (Bruch.) Lindb. 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0
56 " appressifolium Broth. E 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 0
57 " argenteum Hedw. 0 0 0 5 3 0 4 4 4 4 0 5 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
58 " austro-bimum Broth. E 0 0 4 4 4 0
59 " austro-pallescens Broth. E 0 4 0 0 0
60 " billardieri Schwaegr. 0 0 0 4 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
61 " bimum Schreb. 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0
62 " blandum Hook. f. & Wilson 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0
63 " caespiticium Hedw. 0 0 4 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
64 " campylothecium Tayl. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0
65 " chrysoneuron C.M. 0 0 0 1 0 0 4 0 4 4 0 0 0 0
65a " " var. luteolimbatum Broth. E 0 0
66 " crassum H.f. & W. 0 0 0 4 0 0
67 " curvicollum Mitt. 0 0 0 1 2 0 4 0 0 0 4 0 0 0
67a " " var. extenuatum H.f. et W. 0 0 0 0 0 0
68 " dichotomum Hedw. 0 0 0 1 2 4 0 4 0 4 4 0 0 0 0 1 0 ? ? 0 ?
69 " eximium Mitt. E 0 0 0 0 0
70 " huttonii R.Br.ter. E 0 0 4 4 0 4
71 " incurvifolium C.M. E 0 0 0 0 0
72 " laevigatum H.f. & W. 0 0 4 0 0 4 0 4 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
73 " laevigatulum Broth. (valid ?) 0 ? 0
74 " mucronatum Mitt. E 0 4 0 0 or 0
75 " obconicum Hornsch. 0 0 4 0 0 0 0
76 " pachytheca C.M. 0 0 0 2 4 0 1 0 0 0
77 " tenuidens Dix et Sainsb. E 0 0
78 " torquescens B. & S. 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 4 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0
79 " truncorum Brid. 0 0 0 0 1 0 4 0 4 4 4 0 4 4 0 0 0 0 0 0
80 Bryodixonia perichaetialis Sainsb. E 0 0
81 Buxbaumia aphylla Hedw. 0 0 0 0
82 " novae-zealandiae Dix. E 0 0 0 4
83 Calhergon sarmentosum (Wahl.) Kindb. 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0
84 Calommon laetum H.f. & W. E 0 0 0 3 0 0 4 4 0 4 4 0 0
85 Calyptopogon mnioides (Schwaegr.) Broth. 0 0 0 4 4 0 4 4 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
86 Camptochaete aciphylla Dix. & Sainsb. E 0 0
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87 Camptochaete a [ unclear: ] buscula (Hook.) Jaeg. 0 0 0 0 4 2 0 4 4 0 4 4 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
87a " var. deflexa (Wils.) Dix. 0 0 4 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0
88 " angustata (Mitt.) Jaeg. E 0 0 0 0 0 04 0 0 4 0 0
89 " brachydictya Dix. (valid?) E 0 0 4
90 " gracilis (H.f. & W.) Par. 0 0 3 4 0 4 0 0 0 4 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
91 " pulvinata (H.f. & W.) Jaeg. E 0 0 0 3 0 4 4 0 4 4 4 1 4 0
92 " ramulosa (Mitt.) Jaeg. 0 0 0 1 3 0 4 0 4 4 2 0 4 0 0 0
93 " vaga (Hornsch.) Broth. (N.Z.?) 0
94 Campylium decussatum (H.f. & W.) Broth. 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0
95 " polygamum (B. & S.) Bryhn. 0 0 1 0 0 0 4 5 2 0
96 " rela [ unclear: ] um (H.f. et W.) Broth. 0 0 4 4 0 4 4 0 4 4 2 0 0 2 1 0 0
97 Campylopodium euphorocladium (C.M.) Besch. 0 0 0 1 2 0 4 0 0 1 0 0 0
97a " var. thermophilum Dix. E 0 0 4
98 " lineare (Mitt.) Dix E 0 0 0 0 5 0 0
99 Campylopus appressifolius Mitt. E 0 0 0 3 0 1 0 5 0 0
100 " arboricola Card. et Dix. E 0 0 4 4 0 4 0 4 0 4 4 4 4
101 " bicolor (Hornsch.) Hook.f. 0 0 0 0 0 4 4 5 4 0 0 0
102a " var. ereceticola (C.M.) Dix. 0 0 0
103 " capillatus H.f. et W. 0 0 4 0 0 0 0
104 " clavatus (R.Br.) H.f. et W. 0 0 0 1 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 2 0 0 0
105 " holomitrium (C.M.) Jaeg. E 0 0 0 0 0 0
106 " insititius H.f. et W. 0 0 0 1 1
107 " instroflexus (Hedw.) Mitt. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 4 0 5 4 4 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
108 " kirkii Mitt. apud Beckett 0 0 0 4 0 4 0 0 ?
109 " novae-zealandiae Bartr. et Dix. E 0 0
110 " pudicus (Hornsch.) Jaeg. (valid?) 0 0 1 0 0 0
111 " torquatus (Mitt.) Jaeg. 0 0 0 4 0 0 4 0 0 4 5 0 4 0 0 0 0
112 Catagonium politum (H.f. et W.) Dus. 0 0 0 4 4 0 4 0 4 4 0 4 4 0 0 0 0 0 ?
113 Catharomnion ciliatum (Hedw.) H.f. et W. 0 0 0 0 0 4 5 0 5 4 5 0 0
114 Ceratodon purpureus Brid. 0 0 0 0 0 4 4 0 4 4 5 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
114a " var. stenocarpus Bands. 0 0 0
114b " var. xanthopus Sull. 0 0 4 4
115 Cheilothela chilensis (Mont.) Broth. 0 0 0 4 4 0 1 0 0
116 Cladomnion e [ unclear: ] coides (Hook.) H.f. et W. E 0 0 0 0 0 4 4 0 0 2 5 0 0 0
117 Climacium dendroides (Dill.) Webb. et Mohr. 0 5 4 0 2 0 0
118 Conostomum australe Swartz. 0 0 4 4 0 5 4 2 0 2 0 0 0 0
119 " giganteum Bartr. et Dix. E 0 0
120 " pusillum H.f. et W. 0 0 0 4 0 4 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
121 Coscinodon australis Dix. et Sainsb. E 0 0
– 172 –

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122 Crossidium geheeb [ unclear: ] i (Broth.) Broth. 0 ? 0 0 0
123 Cryphaca chlorophyllosa C.M. E 0 0 0 0 0
124 " confusa Dix. 0 0 4 0 0 0
125 " dilatata H.f. et W. 0 0 0 2 0 4 4 0 4 2 4 0
126 " erannulata Dix et Sainsb. E 0 0 0
127 " oralifolia (C.M.) Jaeg. 0 0 0
128 " tasmanica Mitt. 0 0 0 4 0 4 4 0 0
129 " tenella (Schwaegr.) Hornsch. 0 0 4 2 0 4 0 0 4 4 1 0 0 0 0
130 Cryptopodium bart [ unclear: ] am [ unclear: ] oides (Hook.) Brid. E? 0 0 4 2 0 4 0 0 0 5 0 0 0 ?
131 Ctenidium pubescens (H.f. et W.) Broth. 0 0 1 1 0 4 0 0 0
132 Cyathopho [ unclear: ] um bulbosum (Hedw.) C.M. 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 4 0 0 4 4 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0
132a " var. minus H.f. et W. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
133 Cy [ unclear: ] topus setosus (Hedw.) Hook.f. 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 4 4 0 4 0 1 0 0 0 0
134 Daltonia novae-zealandiae Mitt. 0 0 0 4 0 4 0
135 Da [ unclear: ] sonia superba Grev. 0 0 1 0 0 5 0 2 0 3 5 0 0 0 0 0 0
136 Dendro [ unclear: ] gotrichum dend [ unclear: ] oides (Hedw.) Broth. ? 0 0 0 0 2 2 4 4 4 5 0 0 ?
137 Dichelodontium nitidum (H.f. et W.) Broth. E 0 0 0 0 2 4 5 0 0
138 Dicnemoloma incanum (Mitt.) Ren. E 0 ? 0
139 " sieberianum (Hornsch.) Ren. 0 0 0 0 1 0 4 0 0 0
140 Dicnemon calycinum (Hook.) Schwaegr. ? 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 5 4 2 0 0 2 ?
141 " semicryptum C.M. E 0 0 4 1 0 0 0 0 4 0 0
142 Di [ unclear: ] anella cardoti [ unclear: ] (R.Br. ter.) Dixon E 0 0 4 4 0 0 0
143 " clathrata H.f. et W. E 0 0 0 4 1 0 0 0 0 4 0 0
144 " cy [ unclear: ] todonta (C.M.) Par. E 0 0
145 " cgmontensis Dix. E 0 0 0 4 4
146 " [ unclear: ] acillima (C.M. et Beck.) Par. E 0 0 0 0 0 0
147 " jamesoni [ unclear: ] (Tavl.) Broth. E 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 1
148 " perfalcata Bartr. et Dix E 0 0 0 0 0
149 Dicianodontium aust [ unclear: ] ale Dix. E 0 0 0 0
150 Diciano [ unclear: ] ceisia antarctica (C.M.) Par. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 4 0 0 0
151 " spence [ unclear: ] Dix. & Sa [ unclear: ] nsb. E 0 0 0 0
152 Dicranum aucklandicum Dix. 0 0 0 4 4 0 0 0 0
153 " mac [ unclear: ] a [ unclear: ] Broth. et Dix (valid?) E 0 0
154 " pumilum Mitt. 0 0 ? 0 0
155 " trichopodum Mitt. apud Hook.f. 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
156 Dicranoloma billardieri (Schwaegr.) Par. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 04 0 4 4 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
157 " ch [ unclear: ] ysodrepaneum (C.M.) Dix. E 0 0 4 0 0
158 " cylindropy [ unclear: ] is (C.M.) Dix. E 0 0 1 0 4 4 0 0 4 0 0 4
159 " diaphanoneuron ( [ unclear: ] pe.) Par. ? 0 0
160 " dicarpum (Hornsch.) Par. 0 0 0 4 4 0 0 0 4 4 0 2 0 0 0
161 " fasciatum (Hedw.) Par. E 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 0
– 173 –

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162 Dicranoloma (C.M.) Dix. E 0 0 0 0
163 " " integerrimum (Broth. et. Geh.) Par. 0 0 0 4 0 0
164 " " integ [ unclear: ] folium Dix. E 0 0 4 4 5 4
165 " " leucolomoides (C.M.) Dix. E 0 0 4 4 4 0 0 0
166 " " menziesi [ unclear: ] (H.f. et W.) Par. 0 0 0 0 4 0 4 4 4 0 4 4 4 5 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
166a " " " " var. rigidum (H.f. et W.) Par. 0 0 4 0 4 4 4 0 4 0 1 4 0 0 0 0 0
167 " " platycaulon Dix. E 0 0 0 4 4 0 4 4 4 0 4 0 0 0
168 " " plurisetum (C.M.) Dix. E 0 0 4 0 4 4 4 0 0 4 0 4 0 1 0 0
169 " " pungentella (C.M.) Par. 0 0 4 0 4 0 4 0
170 " " [ unclear: ] obustum (H.f. et W.) Par. 0 0 0 4 4 4 4 0 4 4 0 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
170a " " " " var. pungens H.f. et W. 0 0 0 4 4 0 4 0 4 4 4 4 4 0 4 0 0 0
170b " " " " var. setosum (H.f. et. W.) Sainsb. 0 0 0 4 0 0 4 0 0 1 0 4 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
171 Didymodon binnsi [ unclear: ] (R.Br.ter.) Dix. E 0 0 0 0 ? 4 0 4 0
172 " " calycinus Dix. E 0 0 0 0
173 " " I [ unclear: ] ngulatus (H.f. et W.) Broth. E 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0
174 " " [ unclear: ] rubellus (Hoffm.) B. & S. 0 4 4 0 0 0 0
175 Distichium capillaceum (Sw.) B. & S. 0 0 4 0 4 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
176 Distichophyllum amblyophyllum (H.f. & W.) Mitt. 0 0 1 0 0 4 0 5 0 0
177 " " crispulum (H.f. & W.) Mitt. 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0
177a " " " " var. adnatum (H.f. & W.) Dix. E 0 0 2 0 5 0
178 " " micro [ unclear: ] pum (Hedw.) Mitt. 0 0 4 0 0 4 4 0 0 4 0
179 " " pulchellum (H.f. & W.) Mitt. 0 0 4 4 0 0 4 4 0 4 4 4 0 0 0 0 4 0
180 " " [ unclear: ] otundifolium (H.f. & W.) Broth. 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 4 4 0 4 0 0 0 0 0
181 Dit [ unclear: ] richum blindioides Broth. E 0 0 0 4
182 " " brevirost [ unclear: ] rum (R.Br.ter.) Broth. 0 0 0 0 0
183 " " calca [ unclear: ] eum (R.B [ unclear: ] .ter.) Dix. 0 0 0 0
184 " " elongatum (H.f.et W.) Mitt. 0 0 4 4 4 0 4 4 0 0 2 0 0 0
185 " " flexifolium (Hook.) Hampe. 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 4 0 5 4 4 0 0 2 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0
186 " " fragilicuspis Dix. et Sainsb. 0 0 4 4 0 4 5 0
187 " " la [ unclear: ] folium (H.f. et W.) Broth. 0 0 4 0 ? 0 0
188 " " punctulatum Mitt. 0 0 0 0 4 0 4 4 0 0 0
189 " " st [ unclear: ] rictum Hampe. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
190 " " [ unclear: ] aginata (Hook.) Card.
190a " " " " var. longifolia Dix. et Sainsb. E 0 0
191 D [ unclear: ] repanoeladus aduncus (Hedw.) Moenk. 0 0 0 4 4 4 0 0 0 0 0
192 " " brachiatus (Mitt.) Dix. 0 0 0 3 3 0 0 4 3 4 4 0 0 0 0 0 0
193 " " fluitans (Hedw.) Warnst. 0 0 3 0 0 4 2 0 4 0 0 0 0 0
194 " " fontinaliopsis (C.M.) Broth. 0 0 0 0
195 " " uncinatus (Hedw [ unclear: ] .) Warnst. 0 0 1 0 0 4 0 4 4 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
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196 Echinodium hispidum (H.f. et W.) Jaeg. 0 0 0 4 0 0 2 2 0 4 5 0 4 0 4 0 0 0 0
197 " " umbrosum (Mitt.) Jaeg. E 0 0 0 0 0 4 4 4
198 Ectropothecium sandwichense (Hook. et. Arn.) Mitt. 0 0 ? 0 0
199 Encalypta vulgaris Hedw. 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 4 2 0 0
200 Entodon truncorum Mitt. E 0 0 0 0 5 5 0 0
201 E [ unclear: ] ridon cylindrotheca (Dix.) Dix. et Sainsb. E 0 4 4 4 0
202 E [ unclear: ] ropus apiculatus (H.f. et W.) Mitt. 0 0 5 ? 4 0 0 0 0
203 " " brownii Dix. E 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 4 0 4
204 " " cristatus (Hedw.) Jaeg. 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
205 " " flexicollis (Mitt.) Jaeg. E 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
206 Eucamptodon inflatus (H.f. et W.) Mitt. E 0 0 0 0 0 0 4
207 Eucladium i [ unclear: ] roratum (Mitt.) Par. E 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 1 0 0
208 Eurhynchium austrinum (H.f. & W.) Jaeg. 0 0 1 4 0 0 0 3 1 0 0 2 0 0
209 " " asperipes (Mitt.) Dix. 0 0 0 0 4 4 0 4 4 0 0 0
210 " " ellipticifolium Dix. et Sainsb. E 0 0
211 " " muricatulum (H.f. et W.) Jaeg. 0 0 0 4 0 0 4 0 0 5 0 0 0 0
212 " " praelongum Hock. 0 0 4 4 4 4 0 4 0 0
213 Fabronia australis Hook. 0 0 0 1 4 4 0 4 0 0 ? ?
214 Fissidens adiantoides Hedw. 0 0 4 0 4 0 0 0 0 0
215 " " allisonii Dix. et Sainsb. E 0 0
216 " " asplenioides (Swartz.) Hedw. 0 0 0 4 0 0 2 4 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0
217 " " aeruginosus H.f. et W. E 0 0 0
218 " " anisophyllus Dix. E 0 0 0 4 0 4
219 " " campyloneurus C.M. et Beck. 0 0 4 4 2 0 4 4 0 4 0 0 0 ? ?
220 " " dealbatus H.f. et W. 0 0 0 4 4 0 4 4 0 0
" " humilis Dix et Watts
221a " " " " var. angustifolius Dix. E 0 0 0 4 4 4
222 " " hylogenes Dix. E 0 4 4 0
223 " " inclinabilis C.M. et Dix. E 0 0 0 0 0
224 " " leptocladus C.M. et Rodway 0 0 0 4 0 4 4 4 0 0 0 0
225 " " sub-sp. gonioneurus C.M. E 0 0 4 4 0
224a " " " " var. cheesemanii (C.M.) Dix. E 0 0 4 4 1 4 4
226 " " muelleri (Hpe.) Mitt. 0 0 0 0 4 4 0 0
227 " " oblongifolius H.f. et W. 0 0 3 2 0 0 0
227a " " " " var. capitatus H.f. et W. E 0 0 0 4
228 " " pallidus H.f. et W. 0 0 4 4 0 4 0 4 0 0
229 " " rigidulus II.f. et W. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 5 0 0 0 0 0
230 " " taylori C.M. 0 0 4 0 4 4 0 0 0 0
231 " " t [ unclear: ] enellus H.f. et W. 0 0 0 4 0 0 4 0 0 0 2 0 0
232 " " vittatus II.f. et W. 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0
233 Funaria apophysata (Tayl.) Broth. 0 0 2 0 4 0 0
234 " " cuspidata H.f. et W. 0 0 4 2 4 0 0 0
235 " " gracilis (H.f. et W.) Broth. 0 0 0 1 4 4 0 0 0
236 " " glabra Tayl. 0 0 1 3 0 4 0 4 0 2 0 0
237 " " helmsii Broth. E 0 0
– 175 –

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238 Funa [ unclear: ] ia hygrometrica Hedw. 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 4 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
239 " " producta (Mitt.) Broth. E 0 0 0 0
240 " " subattenuata Broth. E 0 0 4 4 0 0
241 " " subcuspidata Broth. 0 0 0
242 Gigaspermum repens (Hook.) Lindb. 0 0 0 0 ? 0 0
243 Glyphothecium alare Dix. et Sainsb. E 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0
244 " " sciuroides (Hook.) Hpe. 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 4 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
245 Goniobryum sub-basilare (Hook.) Lindb. 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
246 G [ unclear: ] immia apocarpa Hedw. 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 4 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
" " f. mutica Hpe. 0 0 0 0
" " f. epilosa 0 2 2
246a " " " " var. pumila Schimp. 0 0 2 2 0
246b " " " " var. rivularis Webb et Morh. 0 0 4 0 5 0
247 " " argentea R.Br.ter. E 0 0
248 " " asperitricha Dix. et Sainsb. E 0 0 0 0
249 " " compestris Burch 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 0
250 " " inaequalis Dix. et Sainsb. E 0 0
251 " " pulvinata Smith 0 0 4 0 0 0 ? 4 4 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0
251a " " " " var. obtusa (Brid.) B. and S. 0 0 0 2 0 4 0 0 4 4 0
251b " " " " var. basaltica (Mitt.) Dix. E 0 0 2 0 0
252 " " trichophylla Grev. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 4 0 0 0 0 0 0
" " f. propagulifera Limpr. 0 0 4 0
253 Gymnostomum calcareum Bry. Germ. 0 0 0 4 2 4 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
253a " " " " var. longifolium Dix. 0 0 4 1 4 0 0 ?
254 Haplohymenium huttonii (Mitt.) Broth. E 0 0 0 0 4 0
255 Hedwigia albicans (Web.) Lindb. 0 0 0 0 5 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
256 Hedwigidium imberbe B. & S. 0 0 0 4 0 4 0 0 0 0 0
257 Hennediella intermedia (R.Br.ter.) Par. E 0 0
258 " " macrophylla (R.Br.ter.) Par. E 0 0 0
259 " " microphylla (R.Br.ter.) Par. E 0 0 0
260 Holomitrium perichaetiale (Hook.) Brid. 0 0 4 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 ? 0
261 Homalia auriculata H.f. et W. E 0 0 0 0 5
262 " " falcifolia (H.f. & W.) H.f. et W. 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 4 3 4 5 5 0
263 " " pulchella H.f. et W. 0 0 0 3 0 0 4 4 0 4 3 4 5 0 0 4 0 0
264 Hylocomnium splendens (Hedw.) B. & S. 0 0 4 0
265 Hymenodon piliferus H.f. et. W. 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 4 0 4 4 0 0 0 0
266 Hymenostomum patulum (Knight) Dix. E 0 0 0 0 0 4 4 1 4 0 0 4 0 1
267 Hyophila novae-seelandiae Dix. & Sainsb. E 0 0 4 0 4
268 Hypnodendron arcuatum (Hedw.) Mitt. 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 4 4 0 5 4 5 0 0 0 0 0
269 " " marginatum (H.f. et W.) Jaeg. 0 0 1 4 3 4 4 0 5 0 0
270 Hypopterygium concinnum (Hook). Brid. 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 4 4 0 0 0 4 5 0 4 0 0 0 ? 0 0
271 " " fluculaeforme (Hedw.) Brid. E 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 4 0 0 5 4 0 0 4 0
272 " " novae-seelandiae C.M. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 4 5 0 0 0 0 0
– 176 –

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272a H [ unclear: ] popterygium novae-s [ unclear: ] eland [ unclear: ] ae var. glaucum (Sull.) Dix. 0 0 0 0 0
272b " " " " var. nud [ unclear: ] caule Dix E 0 0 0 4 4 4 4 2 4 4 5 5 5 0
273 " " rotulatum (Hedw.) Brid. 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 4 4 4 0 0
274 " " setige [ unclear: ] um (P.Beauv.) H.f.et W. 0 0 1 2 0 5 4 0 4 4 5 0 0 0 0 0
275 Isopterygium limatum (H.f. et W.) Broth. 0 0 4 4 4 4 4 2 0 0 0
276 " " molliculum (Sull.) Mitt. 0 0 ?4 0
277 " " pulchellum (Dicks.) Jaeg. 0 ? 4 0 0
277a " " " " var. nitidulum (Wahl.) Lesq. & James 0 0 4 0 0
278 Lembophyllum clandestinum (H.f. et W.) Lindb. 0 0 0 ? 4 3 0 4 4 0 0 4 5 0 4 1 4 0 0 0
279 " " di [ unclear: ] ulsum (H.f. et W.) Lindb. 0 0 0 4 4 5 0 4 4 0 0 0 0 0
280 Leptobryum pyriforme (Hedw.) Schimp. 0 0 4 2 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
281 Leptodon smithi [ unclear: ] (Dicks.) Mohr. 0 0 2 4 0 4 4 4 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
282 Leptodontrum interruptum (Mitt.) Broth. 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
283 Leptostomum inclinans R.Br. 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 5 4 4 0 0 1 0 4 0 0 0
284 " " mac [ unclear: ] ocarpum (Hedw.) R.Br. 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 4 0 4 4 4 0 0 4 0 0 0
285 Leptotheca gaudichaudii Schwaegr. 0 0 0 0 4 4 4 4 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0
286 Lepy [ unclear: ] odon australis Hpe. E 0 0 4 0 0 0 4 5 5 2 0
287 " " lagurus (Hook.) Mitt. 0 0 0 ? 4 4 5 5 0 0 0 0 0 0
" " f. propagulifera 0 0 0 5 0
288 Leucobryum candidum (Brid.) H.f. er W. 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 4 0 4 5 4 5 0 0 0 0 0 0
288a " " " " var. pentastichum Doz. & Molk. 0 4 5 ?
289 Macromi [ unclear: ] rium caducipilum Lindb. E 0 0 5 4 0 0 4 4 4 0
290 " " e [ unclear: ] osulum Mitt. 0 0 4 4 0 4 4 4 4 2 0 0 4 0
291 " " eucalypto [ unclear: ] um Hpe. & C.M. 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 4 0 4 0 4 0 0 0
291a " " " " var. recurvulum (C.M.) Sainsb. E 0 0 4 0 4 0
292 " " gracile (Hook.) Schwaeger. E 0 0 0 4 2 4 4 0 0 4 0 4 2 0 0 5
292a " " " " var. proboscideum Dixon E 0 0 4 0 0 0 4 4 4 0
292b " " " " var. retusum (H.f. et W.) Sainsb. E 0 0 0 0 0 4 4 0 4 0 0 0
293 " " [ unclear: ] ossi [ unclear: ] ete C.M. E 0 4 4 4 1
294 " " hectori Mitt. E 0 ? 0
295 " " ligulare Mitt. 0 0 0 2 0
296 " " longipes (Hook.) Schwaeger. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 4 0 0 4 2 0 2 0 2 0 0
297 " " longi [ unclear: ] ost [ unclear: ] (Hook.) Schwaegr. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
298 " " orthophyllum Mitt. E 0 0 0 4 4 4 4 2
299 " " pro [ unclear: ] epens (Hook.) Schwaeger. E 0 0 0 4 4 0 0 4 1 0 1 0 0
300 " " pusillum Mitt. 0 0 4 2 0 4 0 4 4 1 4 0
301 " " subf [ unclear: ] agile Dix & Sainsb. E 0 0 0
302 " " weymouthii Broth. 0 0 0 2 0 4 4 0 0 4 2 0 4 0 0
303 Meesia muelleri C.M. et Hpe. 0 0 0 0 0 0
304 " " novae-zealandiae Dix. & Sainsb. E 0 0
305 Mesotus celatus Mitt. E 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 0 2 0
306 Meteo [ unclear: ] ium nitens H.f. & W. E 0
– 177 –

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307 Mielichhoferia australis Hpe. 0 4 0 2 0
308 " " eckloni Hornsch. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
309 " " tenuiseta Mitt. 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 0
310 Mittenia plumula (Mitt.) Lindb. 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 0
311 Mniodendron comatum (?) (LaBill.) Lindb. 0 0 0 1 3 0 4 0 0 0 4 2 0 0 0 0
311 M [ unclear: ] odendron comatum (?) (La Bill.) Lindb. 0 0 0 1 3 0 4 0 0 0 4 2 0 0 0 0
312 " " comosum (LaBill.) Lindb. 0 0 0 1 3 0 4 4 4 0 4 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
313 Mnium rostratum Schwaegr. 0 0 1 0 0 0 4 0 0 4 2 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
313 Mnium rostratum Schwaegr. 0 0 1 0 0 0 4 0 0 4 2 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
314 Neckera hymenodonta C.M. 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 3 4 5 0 0 0 0 0
315 " " laerigata H.f. et W. E 0 0 2 4 4 4 0 3 4 0 0 0
316 " " brownii Dixon. E 0 0 4 4 0 5
317 Oligotrichum tenuiro [ unclear: ] tre (Hook.) Jaeg. E 0 0 4 4 0 5 2 0 1
318 Orthodontium sulcatum H.f. et W. 0 0 0 0 5 4 0 5 0 0 ? 0
319 Orthorrhynchium elegans (H.f. et W.) Reichdt. 0 0 1 3 0 0 5 4 0 0 4 5 0 0 0
320 Orthotrichum angustifolium H.i. et W. E 0 0 0 0
321 " " austro-cupulatum Dix. & Sainsb. E 0 0 4 0 4 0
322 " " austro-pulchellum C.M. E 0 0
323 " " beckettii C.M. E 0 0 4 4 4 4 0 0 0
324 " " calvum H.f. et W. E 0 0 0 4 4 0 4 0 0
324a " " " " var. brevisetum Dixon E 0 0 4 0 4 4
325 " " cyathiforme R.Br.ter. E 0 0 4 0 0 0 2
326 " " graphiomitrium C.M. & Beck. E 0 0 4 4 2 0 0
327 " " hortense Bosw. E 0 0 4 4 0 0 0 4
328 " " lancifolium R.Br.ter. E 0 0 4 4 4 4 4 0
329 " " praeperistomatum Vent. E 0 4 0
330 " " pulvinatum R.Br.ter. E 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
331 " " tasmanicum H.f. et W. 0 0 4 4 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0
332 Papillaria amblyacis (C.M.) Jaeg. 0 0 4 4 0 0 0 0 2
333 " " crocea (IIpe.) Jaeg. 0 0 0 4 2 2 4 4 0 4 4 0 0 0
334 " " filipendula (H.f. & W.) Jaeg. 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 4
335 " " fla [ unclear: ] o-limbata (C.M. & Hpe.) Jaeg. 0 0 4 2 0 4 0 0 4 4 4 4 4 2
336 " " fle [ unclear: ] icaulis (Tayl.) Jaeg. 0 0 2 4 4 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0
337 " " nitidinscula Broth. 0 0 0 4 4 4 0
338 Philonotis australis (Mitt.) Jaeg. 0 0 0 0 4 2 0 4 4 0 0 2 0 0 0
338a " " " " var. surculigera Dixon. E 0 0 0 or 0
339 " " scabrifolia (H.f. & W.) Jaeg. 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 4 0 4 0 4 0 0 0 0 0
340 " " tenuis (Tayl.) Jaeg. 0 0 0 2 4 0 4 4 0 4 4 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 ? 0 0
341 Physcomitrium conicum Mitt. 0 0 0 0 4 4 4 0 2 0 0
342 " " pusillum H.f. et W. E 0
343 Physcomitridium readeri (C.M.) Roth. E 0 0 0 0
344 Plagiobryum novaeseelandiae Broth. E 0 0
345 Plagiothecium denticulatum B. & S. 0 0 4 4 4 5 0 0 0 0 0
346 " " novae-seelandiae Broth. 0 0 0 4 4 0 0
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347 Pleuridium arnoldii (R.Br.ter.) Par. E 0 0 0 0
348 " " curvulum (C.M.) Par. E 0 0
349 " " qracilentum Mitt. 0 0 0 0 0 0
350 " " longirostre Dix. E 0 4 0
351 " " nervosum (Hook.) Par. 0 0 0 1 0 0 4 0 0 0 0
352 Pogonatum subulatum (Menz.) B [ unclear: ] id. 0 0 0 4 0 4 4 4 0 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
353 Polytrichadelphus magellanicus (Hedw.) Mitt. 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 4 5 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
354 Polytrichum alpinum Hedw. 0 0 4 4 4 4 4 0 0 0 0 0
355 " " commune Hedw. var. trichodes 0 0 0 4 2 0 4 0 4 4 5 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
356 " " formosum Hedw. 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 0
357 " " gracile Menzies 0 0 0 0 0
358 " " juniperinum Willd. 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 4 4 0 2 2 4 5 0 1 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
359 Porotrichum oblongifolium (H.f. & W.) Broth. E 0 0 0 3 0 2 4 0 4 4
360 Pottia alfredii R.Br.ter. (? valid) E 0 0
361 " " areolata (Knight) Dix. E 0 19 0
362 " " heimii (Hedw.) B. & S. 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 0
363 " " longifolia R.Br.ter. E 0 0 1 0 0 0
364 " " maritima (R.Br.ter.) Broth. E 0 0 0
365 " " serrata R.Br.ter. E 0 0
366 " " subphyscomitrioides Broth. 0 0 0 0 ?
367 " " stevens [ unclear: ] i R.Br. ter. E 0 0 2 0 0 0 0
368 " " zealandiae (R.Br.ter.) Par. E 0 0 0 0 0
369 Pseudodistichium brotherusii (R.Br.ter.) Dix. E 0 0 0 2 4
370 " " buchanani (R.Br.ter.) Dix. E 0 0 0 0
371 Pseudoleskeopsis imbricata (H.f. & W.) Ther. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 or 0 0 0 ?
372 Psilopilum australe (H.f. et W.) Jaeg. 0 0 4 4 4 0 4 4 2 0 4 0 0 0 0
373 " " bellii Broth. E 0 0 0 0
374 " " crispulum (H.f. et W.) Jaeg. 0 0 2 0 0 4 4 1 0
375 Pterygophyllum dentatum (H.f. et W.) Mitt. 0 0 0 4 0 0 4 0 0 4 4 4 0 0 0 0 0
375a " " " " var. [ unclear: ] obustum (H.f. et W.) Dix. E 0 4 0 0
376 " " distichophylloides Broth. et Dix. E 0 0 0 4 4 0
377 " " quadrifarium (Hook.) Brid. E 0 0 1 3 0 0 4 0 4 4 5 0 0 2
378 Ptychomitrium australe (Hampe) Jaeg. 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 0
379 " " barrii (R.Br.ter.) Dixon E 0 4 0 0
380 Ptychomnion aciculare (Brid.) Mitt. 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 4 4 0 5 4 2 5 0 5 0 0 0 0 0 0
381 Pylaisia australis Dix. et Sainsb. E 0 0
382 Rhacocarpus australis (Hpe.) Par. 0 0 0 4 4 4 0 5 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0
383 Rhacomitrium crispulum (H.f. & W.) H.f. & W. 0 0 4 1 0 0 2 4 4 0 4 4 4 5 5 1 4 0 0 0 0 0
383a " " " " var. rupestre (H.f. & W.) Dix. 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0
" " lanuginosum (Hedw.) Brid.
384a " " " " var. pruinosum (C.M.) H.f. et W. 0 0 0 4 1 0 0 4 0 4 0 2 0 0 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
385 " " ptychophyllum Mitt. 0 0 2 4 0 4 4 0 0
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[The section below cannot be correctly rendered as it contains complex formatting. See the image of the page for a more accurate rendering.]

386 Rhacomitrium striatip [ unclear: ] lum Cardot 0 5 0
387 Rhacopilum cristatum H.f. et W. (valid ?) 0 0 4 0 0 2 4 0 4 1 0 0 0 0 0
388 " " laetum Mitt. (valid ?) 0 0 3 0 1 0 0 0
389 " " robustum H.f. et W. E 0 0 2 4 0 4 4 0 2 1 1 1
390 " " strumiferum C.M. 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 4 4 0 4 5 0 0 0
391 Rhizogonium bifarium (Hook.) Schimp. 0 0 1 0 0 4 0 0 4 5 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
392 " " distichum (Sw.) Brid. 0 0 0 1 4 0 4 4 0 0 0 4 4 5 0 0 0 0 0
393 " " mnioides (Hook.) Schimp. 0 0 0 4 0 0 4 4 0 4 4 5 0 0 2 0 0 0 0
394 " " novae-hollandiae Brid. 0 0 0 4 0 0 4 0 4 5 0 4 2 0 0 0
395 " " pennatum H.f. et W. 0 0 4 0 4 0 4 0 0
395a " " " " var. aristatum (Hpe.) Dix. 0 0 0 0 2 0 0
396 " " spiniforme Bruch. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
397 Rhynchostegiella novae-zealandiae Dix. E 0 0 0 0
398 Rhynchostegium fragilicuspis Dix. E 0 0
399 " " laxatum (Mitt.) Par. 0 0 0 0 4 4 4 4 4 0 1 0 0 0
400 " " peracuminatum Dix. & Sains. E 0 0 0 5
401 " " tenuifolium (Hedw.) Jaeg. 0 0 0 4 0 4 4 0 4 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ?
402 Saelania glaucescens (Hedw.) Broth. 0 0 0 0 0
403 Sainsburia novae-zealandiae Dix. 0 4 0
404 Sauloma tenella H.f. et W. 0 0 0 4 4 4 4 0 0 0
405 Schlotheimia brown [ unclear: ] i Brid. 0 0 0 2 4 4 0 4 4 4 5 0 5 0 0 0
406 Sciadocladus kerr [ unclear: ] i (Mitt.) Jaeg. E 0 0 4 0 0 2 4 0 4 3 4 0 0
" " " " f. aquatica Bartr. et Dix. E 0 0
407 " " menziesii (Hook.) Lindb. E 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 3 5 0 0 0
408 Sciaromion bellii Broth. E 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 ? 0
409 Seligeria cardotii R. B [ unclear: ] . ter. E 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
410 " " diminuta (R.Br.ter.) Dix. E 0 0 0
411 Sematophyllum aciculum C.M. 0 0
412 " " amoenum (Hedw.) Dix. 0 0 4 0 4 0 0 4 4 0 4 4 4 4 0 1 4 4 0 0 0 0 0
413 " " contiguum (H.f. et W.) Dix. 0 0 0 0 4 4 4 0 4 5 0 0 0 0 0 ? 0 0 0
414 " " dallii Broth. et Geheeb. E 0 0
415 " " homomallum (Hpe.) Broth. 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 0
416 " " jolliffii (Mitt.) Dix. 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 0
417 " " leucocytus (C.M.) Jaeg. 0 0 4 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
418 " " macrosporum Dix. et Sainsb. E 0 0 0
419 " " tenuirostre (Hook.) Dix. 0 0 4 4 0 4 4 4 0 0 0 0
420 Stereodon chrysogaster (C.M.) Mitt. 0 0 0 0 4 0 4 4 4 0 0 4 5 0 4 0 0 0 0
421 " " cupressiformis (Hedw.) Mitt. 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 4 0 0 4 0 0 1 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
421a " " " " var. elatus (Schimp.) 0 4 0
421b " " " " var. filiformis Brid. 0 0 4 0 0 4 4 4 4 4 4 1 4 0
421c " " " " var. resupinatus Schp. 0 0
422 " " maculosus Dixon E 0 0
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[The section below cannot be correctly rendered as it contains complex formatting. See the image of the page for a more accurate rendering.]

423 Taxithelium novae-zealandiae Bartr. & Dix. E 0 0
424 Tayloria calophylla (C.M.) Mitt. 0 0 0 4 0 0 2 0 0
425 " " octoblepharis (Hook.) Mitt. 0 0 4 0 0 4 0 5 4 5 0 0 4 0 0 0
426 " " purpurascens (H.f. et W.) Broth. 0 0 0 0 0 4 4 0
427 Tetraphidopsis pusilla (H.f. et W.) Dixon E 0 0 5 2 0 4 0 0 4
428 Tetraphis browniana Grev. 0 4 0
429 Thamnium baculiferum Dixon E 0 0
430 " " eflagellare Aongst. 0 0 0
431 " " latifolium (Bry. jav.) Par. 0 0 4 2 0 0 4 4 0
431a " " " " var. elongatum Dix. E 0 0 0
432 " " pandum (H.f. et W.) Jaeg. 0 0 0 0 4 4 0 5 0 0 4 4 0 0 0 0 0
433 " " pumilum (H.f. et W.) Par. 0 ? 0 0
434 Thysanomitrium leptodus (Mont.) Dix. 0 0 4 0 4 2 4 0 4 5 4 0 0 0
435 Thuidium denticulosum (Mitt.) Jaeg. E 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0
436 " " furfursum (H.f. et W.) Jaeg. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 4 0 4 4 4 4 0 1 4 0 0 0 0
436a " " " " var. fulvastrum (Mitt.) Dix. 0 0 4 0 0 0 5 0 2 4 0 0 0
437 " " laeviusculum (Mitt.) Jaeg. 0 0 5 0 4 0 0 4 4 0 0 4 5 0 0 0
438 " " sparsum (H.f. et W.) Jaeg. 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 4 5 0 1 0 0 0
439 Tortella calycina (Schwaegr.) Dix. 0 0 0 0 4 0 4 4 4 0 0 4 0 4 0 0 0
440 " " knightii (Mitt.) Broth. 0 0 0 0 0 4 4 0 4 4 4 0 0 2 0 0
441 " " rubripes (Mitt.) Broth. E 0 0 0 1 4 0
442 Tortula abruptinervis Dixon E 0 0 4 0 0 4 4 0
443 " " atrovirens (Sm.) Lindb. 0 0 4 4 4 0 0 0
445 " " bealeyensis R.Br.ter. E 0 0 0 4 0 4 4 4 0 0 0
446 " " flavinervis Dix. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 4 4 0 0
446a " " " " var. obscura Dix. E 0 4 0
446b " " " " var. gigantea Dix. et Sainsb. E 0 ? 0 0 0 0
447 " " muralis Hedw. 0 0 4 1 4 4 4 0 5 4 4 0 0 0 0 0 0
448 " " papillosa Wils. 0 0 3 4 4 4 0 0 0 0
449 " " petriei Broth. E 0 0 4 4 0 0 0
450 " " phaea (H.f. et W.) Dixon E 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 5
451 " " princeps De Not 0 0 0 2 4 4 0 0 4 4 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
452 " " rubra Mitt. 0 0 4 4 4 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0
453 " " serrulata Hook. et Grev. 0 0 0 0 3 4 4 0 0 0 0
454 " " serrata Dix. E 0 0 4 4 0 4 0 1
455 " " submutica Broth. E 0 0 0 3 4 4 0 0
456 " " tenella Broth. E 0 0 4 2 4 4 4 0 0 0
457 " " viridipila Dix. et Sainsb. E 0 0
458 Trachyloma planifolium (Hedw.) Brid. 0 0 0 2 0 4 0 0 4 4 5 0 0 0 0 0
459 Trematodon flexipes Mitt. 0 0 0 0 0
460 " " mackayi (R.Br.ter.) Broth. E 0
461 " " suberectus Mitt. E 0 0 2 0 5 0 4 0 0 0
462 " " weymouthii Bartr. et Dix. 0 0
463 Tridontium tasmanicum Hook. 0 0 4 1 0 0 4 0 0 4 0 5 0 0 0 0 0
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464 Triquetrella curvifolia Dix. et Sainsb. 0 0 0
465 " " f [ unclear: ] iformis C.M. 0 ? 0
466 " " papillata (H.f. et W.) Broth. 0 0 0 4 0 0 4 0 0 4 0 1 2 0 0 0
467 Ulota bellii Malta E 4 0
467a " " " " var. longicolla Malta E 4 ?
468 " " breviseta Malta E 0 0 4 4 0 4 4 0
469 " " lateciliata Malta E 0 0 4 4 4 4 0 4 5 0
470 " " lutea Mitt. 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 2 0
471 " " membranata Malta 0 0 4 4 4 0 0
472 " " pygmaeothecia (C.M.) Besch. 0 4 0
473 " " rufula (Mitt.) Jaeg. 0 4 0
474 " " viridis Vent. 0 0 0 4 0 0 0
474a " " " " var. adpressa Malta E? 0 0
475 Webera albicans Schp. 0 0 0 4 4 4 2 0 0 0 0
476 " " cruda (Hedw.) Schwaegr. 0 0 4 4 4 4 5 0 2 0 0 0 0 0
477 " " elatior Dix. & Sainsb. E 0 0
478 " " novae-seelandiae Dix. E 0 0 4 0 0
479 " " nutans Hedw. 0 0 0 4 0 4 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0
479a " " " " var. longiseta (Huebn.) B. & S. 0 0 4 0 0
480 " " nutanti-polymorpha C.M. E ?
481 " " tasmanica (Broth.) 0 0 0 0 0 4 4 0 0 0
482 " " tenuifolia (H.f. et W.) Jaeg. 0 0 0 0 1 2 0 4 4 0 5 0 0 0 0 0
483 Weisia viridula Hedw. 0 0 0 1 0 0 4 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
483a " " " " var. gymnostoma Dix. 0 0 0 1 4 4 4 1 0 ? 0
484 " " weymouthii R. Br.ter. 0 0 4 4 4 0 5 0 0
484a " " " " var. lancifolia (R.Br.ter.) Dix. E 0 0
485 Weymouthia cocklearifolia (Schwaegr.) Dix. 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 4 4 0 4 4 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
485a " " " " var. Billardieri (Hpe.) Dix. 0 0 0 0 4 0 4 4 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
486 " " mollis (Hedw.) Broth. 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 4 0 4 4 4 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
487 Zygodon gracillimus Broth. 0 0 0 4 0
488 " " hookeri Hampe. 0 0 0 4 4 0 0 0 0 0
489 " " intermedius B. & S. 0 0 4 4 0 0 4 4 0 4 4 4 0 0 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
490 " " minutus C.M. et Hpe. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
491 " " menziesii (Schwaegr.) W.Arn. 0 0 0 4 4 4 4 0 2 5 0 0 0 0 0 0
491a " " " " var. angustifolius Malta E 0 ? 0 4 4 0
492 " " obtusifolius Hook. 0 0 0 3 2 0 4 0 0 0 0 0
493 " " rufescens (Hpe.) Broth. 0 0 0

Note 1.—Our knowledge of the New Zealand species of the genus Sphagnum is so meagre both in respect to the identity of many of the species and to their distribution, that it has been deemed wise to disregard them in the present paper, other than by listing the species as given in Dixon's Studies. This list is as follows:—

Sphagnum antarcticum Mitt.; do. var. australe (Mitt.) Warnst.; do. var. helmsii (Warnst.) Warnst.; S. cuspidatum Ehrh.; do. var. plumulosum Schimp.; S. cymbifolium Dill.; S. cymbophylloides Warnst.; S. dielsianum Warnst.; S. elegans C.M.; S. fimbriatim Wils.; S. irritans Warnst.; S. kirkii Warnst.; S. lanceolatum Warnst.; S. linguaefolium Warnst.; S. magellanicum Bird.; S. maximum Warnst.; S. microcephalum C.M.; S. novo-zelandicum Mitt.; S. otagoense Warnst.; S. papillosum Lindb.; S. setchellii Warnst.; S. sub-bicolor Hpe.; S. subcuspidatum C.M. et Warnst.

Note 2.—In the above table 0 represents a published record; 1 == specimen in herbarium of Auckland Museum; 2 == specimen in herbarium of Dominion Museum, Wellington; 3 == specimen in herbarium of Otago Museum; 4 == record supplied by G. O. K. Sainsbury; 5 == specimens in author's herbarium.

Note 3.—Lyall's records for “Southern Island” refer not to South Island, but to Stewart Island.

Note 4.—The following mosses omitted from the above table are recorded by Raoul (1846) for Akaroa on Bank's Peninsula:—Bryum truncorum, Camptochaete arbuscula, Dicranoloma dicarpa, Eriopus cristatus, Funaria hygrometrica, Hypnodendron arcuatum, H. marginatum, Pterygophyllum dentatum, P. quadrifarium, Ptychomnion aciculare, Weymouthia mollis.

– 182 –

Summary.

This paper is an attempt to show the distribution of the moss flora of New Zealand by classifying approximately 3,500 locality records under the Botanical Districts, as defined by L. Cockayne for the phanerogamic flora. It will enable future investigators to decide what localities represent an extension of the known distribution, while serving to show the known range of individual mosses. A study of Table V shows that the number of species known from any Botanical District is almost directly proportional to the attention that area has received from bryologists, unexplored area such as the Sounds-Nelson District having a meagre list at present of 84, against 331 for Canterbury or 242 for Auckland. Inferentially, a large accretion of species to the florulae of most districts is to be expected. Finally, the appended list of mosses will serve as a check-list of the New Zealand moss flora.

Acknowledgments.

This paper could not have achieved its existing degree of completeness but for the more than generous help given me by Mr. G. O. K. Sainsbury, to whom my most grateful thanks are tendered. For ready access to both libraries and herbaria, I am greatly indebted to Dr. G. Archey (Auckland Museum), Dr. W. R. B. Oliver (Dominion Museum), Dr. R. Falla (Canterbury Museum), and Dr. H. D. Skinner (Otago Museum), also to Mr. J. Harris, Librarian at Otago University.

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– 183 –

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