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Volume 77, 1948-49
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Distribution of the Mosses Indigenous to New Zealand
(Supplement No. 1)

[Read abefore the Otago Branch, September 9, 1941; received by the Editor, September 15, 1947; issued separately, May, 1949.]

In Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand, vol. 76, pp. 162–184, the writer summarized the available information, concerning the distribution of the indigenous mosses of New Zealand. As a result of subsequent fieldwork and of an examination of the moss collections of the Plant Research Bureau almost 150 “first known occurrences” of individual species or varieties have been listed for the several botanical districts of New Zealand, which it is the purpose of this paper to record. Stewart Island has been intensively studied during the past two years, but the very numerous “new records” for that area are being dealt with in a separate paper and are here omitted.

As in the previous paper, all new discoveries are credited to the Botanical Districts in which the localities occur, and for the sake of brevity these districts are indicated by the numbers associated with them in the accompanying table. Districts 1 to 7 are located in the North Island, and Districts 8 to 17 in the South Island.

Botanical Districts of New Zealand Mainland.
1. North Auckland 10. North-eastern
2. Thames (sub-district) 11. Western
3. South Auckland 12. Eastern
4. Volcanic Plateau 13. Banks (sub-district)
5. Egmont-Wanganui 14. North Otago
6. East Cape 15. Fiord
7. Ruahine-Cook 16. South Otago
8. Sounds-Nelson 17. Dunedin (sub-district).
9. North-western 18. Stewart

The writer desires to thank Dr. H. H. Allan and Miss L. B. Moore for facilitating his study of the moss herbarium housed in the Plant Research Bureau, and for permission to incorporate unrecorded habitats in this paper.

Modifications in Catalogue of Indigenous Mosses.

Since the publication of the initial paper (Martin, 1946) several species new to science or to the mainland have been brought to light, and several others have been shown either to have no existence or at best to be synonymous with other species. These are here indicated.


Mosses inadvertently omitted from initial list—

Grimmia obtusata Hpe. and C. M. Bot. District No. 12.

Taxithelium polystichum (Mitt.) Jaeg. (5, 6).


New Species or Varieties—

Distichophyllum pulchellum (H. f. and W.) Mitt. var. parvirete Sainsb.

Orthotrichum sainsburyi Allison (12, 16, 17),

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Campbell Island Species Detected on the Mainland—

Muelleriella crassifolia (H. f. & W.). Otago coast (Allison, 1948).

Schlotheimia campbelliana C. M. Stewart Island (Martin).


Deletions from Catalogue of Indigenous Mosses—

Barbula rostrata (R. Br. ter.) Dix. Sainsbury (1940) has shown this to be a mixture of Orthotrichum austro-cupulatum Dix. et Sainsb. and Tortula phaea (H. f. and W.) Dix.

Dicranodontium australe Dix. Sainsbury (1946) points out that specimens so identified are almost certainly Dicranoloma menziesii.

Distichophyllum amblyophyllum (H. f. and W.) Mitt. This moss is regarded by Sainsbury as not specifically distinct from D. pulchellum (H. f. and W.) Mitt., and should be dropped.

Drepanocladus brachiatus (Mitt.) Dix. Mr. Sainsbury states that Dr. Wynne, of Chicago Nat. Hist. Museum, has merged this species in D. aduncus (Hedw.) Moenk.

Macromitrium pusillum Mitt. Specimens so named in New Zealand are not this species, but M. ligulare Mitt., according to a private communication from Mr. Sainsbury.

Sainsburia novae-zealandiae Dix. Dixon is said to have withdrawn this genus and species (in a letter to Dr. Steere), as he now regarded the plant as Fissidens taylori C. M. Sainsbury also regards the genus as weak, but considers the plants distinct from F. taylori.

Sciaromium bellii Broth. There is now fairly general agreement that plants so named are not distinct from Campylium relaxum (H. f. and W.) Broth.

Several other modifications are pending. In the initial paper the moss Dicranella vaginata var. longifolia was listed as a species of Ditrichum while Eurhynchium muricatulum should of course be E. muriculatum.

The accompanying map is based on L. Cockayne's map in Vegetation of New Zealand, in Engler and Drude, Die Vegetation der Erde, 14, 2nd edition, Leipzig, 1928, somewhat modified by transferring the boundary separating the Eastern and Western Botanical Districts to coincide with the geographic boundary between Canterbury and Westland and also the boundary between the xerophytic beech forests of Canterbury and the mesophytic forests of Westland. The recently delimited Dunedin sub-district of Thomson and Simpson is also incorporated.

[The section below cannot be correctly rendered as it contains complex formatting. See the image of the page for a more accurate rendering.]

Last of Moss Species now First Recorded from the Various Botanical Districts of New Zealand P. R. B. W. M.
Acaulon apiculatum (H. f. and W.) Jaeg. 10
Amblystegium riparium B. and S. 11, 15
Amphidium cyathicarpum (Mont.) Broth. 9
Andreaea acuminata. Mitt. 18
Andreaea australis F. Muell 10
" subulata Harv. 5,11
Barbula, australasiae (Hk. and Grev.) Brid. 10, 17
"torquata Tayl. 11, 16
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Fig. 1–Map of New Zealand showing Botanical Districts as defined by L. Cockayne, slightly modified by the inclusion of the Dunedin Sub-district as defined by Thomson and Simpson, and by the junction of the Eastern and Western Districts being made coincident with Provincial Boundary, as suggested by Martin.

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[The section below cannot be correctly rendered as it contains complex formatting. See the image of the page for a more accurate rendering.]

P. R. B. W. M.
Bartramia papillata H. f. and W. 14
Brachymenium preissianum Hpe. 12
Brachythecium albicans B. and S. 16 18
"paradoxum (H. f. and W.) Jaeg. 10
"plumosum B. and S. 16
Breutelia affinis (Hook.) Mitt. 1
Bryum bimum Schreb. 11
"blandum. H. f. and W. 9
"laevigatum H. f. and W. 14
"pachytheca, C. M. 10
"truncorum Brid. 8,14 13
Camptochaete gracilis &H. f. and W.) Par. 13,18
"ramulosa. (Mitt.) Jaeg. 15 5
Campylium decussatum (H. f. and W.) Broth. 14
Campylopodium euphorocladum (C. M.) Besch. 5
Campylopus bicolor (Hornsch.) Hook. f. 6
Catagonium politum (H. f. and W.) Dus. 8, 18
Cheilothela chilensis (Mont.) Broth. 14
Conostomum australe Swartz. 15
Cryphaea dilatata H. f. and W. 12, 13, 18
"tenella. (Schwaegr.) Hornsch. 11,18
Cyrtopus setosus (Hedw.) Hook. f. 16
Daltonia novae-zealandiae Mitt. 18
Dendroligotrichum dendroides (Hedw.) Broth. 8, 15 18
Dicnemoloma sieberianum (Hornsch) Ren. 8
Dicranella jamesonii (Tayl.) Broth. 16
Dicranoweisia antarctica. (C. M.) Par. 16
Dicranum trichopodum Mitt. 3 18
Dicranoloma fasciatum (Hedw.) Par. 2,8,15 18
"grossialare (G. M.) Dix. 18
"integrifolium Dix. 7, 15 18
"leucolomoides (C. M.) Dix. 6
"pungentella (C. M.) Par. 2,16,10 12,18
Didymodon binnsii (R. Br. ter.) Dix. 7
Distichophyllum pulchellum (H. f. & W.) Mitt. 8
Ditrichum elongatum (H. f. and W.) Mitt. 15
"punctulatum Mitt. 14
Drepanocladus aduncus (Hedw.) Moenk 10
" uncinatus (Hedw.) Warnst. 8 18
Echinodium. hispidum (H. f. and W.) Jaeg. 8
Encalypta vulgaris Hedw. 10, 16 16
Eriodon cylindrotheca (Dix.) Dix. et Sainsb. 16 18
Eriopus cristatus (Hedw.) Jaeg. 5,13
Eucamptodon inflatus (H. f. and W.) Mitt. 15
hoursEurhunohium asperipes(Mitt.) Dix. 11 18
"muriculatum. (H. f. and W.) Jaeg. 5,12, 18
"praelongum Hobk. 8,18
Fissidens adiantoides Hedw. 11
"asplenioides (Swartz) Hedw. 11,18
"dealbatus H. f. and W. 16,18
Funaria. hygrometrica. Hedw. 13
Goniobryum sub-basilare (Hook.) Lindb. 11,18
Grimmia apocarpa var. rivularis Webb. & Mohr. 16,17
"argentea R. Br. ter. 16
"campestris Burch. 3
"pulvinata var. obtusa (Brid.) B. & S. 16, 16 13
" var. basaltica (Mitt.) Dix. 10
Hedwigia, albicans (Web.) Lindb. 14 15
Hedwigidium imberbe B. and S. 16
Holomitrium perichaetiale (Hook.) Brid. 1,2,5,6,14 1,7,8
Homalia falcifolia (H. f. and W.) H. f. and W. 5,16
"pulchella. H. f. and W. 13
Hypopterygium filiculaeforme (Hedw.) Brid. 11
"novae-seelandiae C. M. 8
Isopterygium limatum (H. f. and W.) Broth. 10, 12
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Lembophyllum clandestinum (H. f. & W.) Lindb. 8
Leptostontium interruptum (Mitt.) Broth. 5
Leptostomum inclinans R. Br. 13
Lepyrodon lagurus (Hook.) Mitt. 8
Macromitrium grossirete C. M. 4,15 17
"longipes (Hook.) Schwaegr. 8
"longirostre (Hook.) Schwaegr. 17
Mielichhoferia eckloni Hornsch. 12
Orthodontium sulcatum H. f. and W. 9 18
Orthotrichum beckettii C. M. 13
"hortense Bosw. 16
Papillaria flavo-limbata (C. M. & Hpe.) Jaeg. 11,13
Philonotis australis (Mitt.) Jaeg. 8
"scabrifolia (H. f. and W.) Jaeg. 15
Pogonatum subulatum. (Menz.) Brid. 13
Pottia heimii (Hedw.) B. and S. 18
"serrata R. Br. ter. 16
Pseudo-disticium buchanani (R. Br. ter.) Dix. 11 17
Pterygophyllum dentatum (H. f. & W.) Mitt. 13
" var. robustum (H. f. and W.) Dix. 5, 16
"quadrifarium (Hook.) Brid. 14 5,13
Ptychomnion aciculare (Brid.) Mitt. 13, 14
Ptyohomitirium, australe (Hpe.) Jaeg. 7
Rhacomitrium crispulum, (H. f. & W.) H. f. & W. 14 15
"ptychophyllum Mitt. 3 10, 18
Rhacopilum cristatum H. f. and W. 14
"strumiferum C. M. 8
Rhynchostegium fragilicuspis Dix. 12?
Schlotheimia campbelliana, C. M. 18
Sematophullum macrosporum Dix. et Sainsb. 18
Stereodon chrysogaster (C. M.) Mitt. 14
Tetraphidopsis pusilla (H. f. and W.) Dix. 9,16,17
Thuidium laeviusculuim (Mitt.) Jaeg. 8, 13
"sparsum (H. f. and W.) Jaeg. 5,13
Tortula atrovirens (Sm.) Lindb. 7,16
"bealeyensis R. Br. ter. 13
"papillosa. Wils. 1
Trematodon flexipes Mitt. 15
"suberectus Mitt. 8,16
"weymouthii Bartr. et Dix. 9
Webera albicans Schimp. 7
"cruda. (Hedw.) Schwaegr. 17
"nutans Hedw. longiseta, (Huebn.) B.&S. 7,9
Weisia, viridula Hedw. 14, 18
Weymouthia. cochlearifolia (Schwaegr.) Dix. var.billardieri (Hpe.) Dix. 8
Zygodon hookeri Hpe. 3
75 64
First Records for Botanical Districts of Otago by Allison (1948).
Buxbaumia aphylla Hedw. 16
Barbula torquata Tayl. 17
Brachythecium. albicans B. &. S. 17
"subplicatum(Hpe.) Jaeg. 15
Ditrichum brevirostrum (R. Br. ter.) Broth. 16
"clongatum (H. f. and W.) Mitt. 15
"fragilicuspis Dix. et Sainsb. 14
Encalypta vulgaris Hedw. 17
Eriopus apiculatus (H. f. and W.) Mitt. 16
Eriopus flexicaulis (Mitt.) Jaeg. 17
Fissidens anisophyllus Dix. 16, 17
"dealbuts H. f. and W. 17
"leptocladus C. M. et Rodway var. cheesemanii (C. M.) Dix. 16, 17
Grimmia, asperitricha Dix. et Sainsb. 14
Glyphothecium alare Dix. et Sainsb. 16
Isopterygium pulchellum. (Dicks) Jaeg. 17
Macromitrium grossirete C. M. 15
Mielichhoferia tenuiseta Mitt. 17
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Orthotrichum lancifolium, R. Br. ter. 17
Pottia serrata R. Br. ter. 16, 17
Psilopilum bellii Broth. 15
Tetraphidopsis pusilla, (H. f. and W.) Dix. 17
Thamnium pumilum (H. f. and W.). Par. 17
Triquetrella. curvifolia Dix. et Sainisb. 17
Ulota lateciliata Malta. 17
Webera cruda (Hedw.) Schwaegr. 17
Zygodon rufescens (Hpe.) Bioth. 17

Additional Mosses Common to New Zealand and Australia.

The following mosses are additional to those previously listed by me as common to New Zealand and Australia. Those marked with an asterisk were previously listed as endemic to New Zealand.

  • Amblystegium riparium B. and S. Andreaea australis F. Muell.

  • * Barbula torquata Tayl.

  • Bartramia norvegica (Gunn) Lindb.

  • Brachythecium plumosum B. and S.

  • " rutabulum B. and S.

  • " salebrosum B. and S.

  • Braithwaitea sulcata. (Hook.) Lindb.

  • Breutelia pendula, (Hook.) Mitt

  • Bryum bimum Schreb.

  • " caespiticium Hedw.

  • " chrysoneuron C. M.

  • * " exmium Mitt.

  • Camptochaete vaga (Hornsch.) Broth.

  • Campylium decussatum (H. f. & W.) Broth.

  • " rclaxum (H. f. and W.) Broth.

  • *Campylopus appressifolius Mitt.

  • Dicranoloma robustum. H. f. and W. Par. var. pungens H. f. and W.

  • Distichophyllum pulchellum. (H. f. and W.) Mitt.

  • Eurhynchium muriculatum (H. f. and W.) Jaeg.

  • Grimmia apocarpa Hedw. f. mutica Hpe.

  • " campestris Burch.

  • " obtusata. Hpe. and C. M.

  • *Homalia auriculata H. f. and W.

  • Hypopterygium concinnum (Hook.) Brid.

  • " rotulatum (Hedw.) Brid.

  • Leptobryum, pyriforme (Hedw.) Schimp.

  • Macromitrium ligulare Mitt.

  • *" prorepens (Hook.) Schwaegr.

  • Papillaria, amblyacis (C. M.) Jaeg.

  • " crocea (Hpe.) Jaeg.

  • " filipendula (H. f. & W.) Jaeg.

  • " flavo-limbata (C. M. and Hpe.) Jaeg.

  • Plagiothccium denticulatum B. and S.

  • Psilopilum australe (H. f. and W.) Jaeg.

  • Rhacomitrium crispulum. v. rupestre (H. f. and W.) Dix.

  • " lanuginosum (Hedw.) Brid.

  • *Rhacopilum robustum H. f. and W.

  • Sauloma tenella, H. f. and W.

  • Sematophyllum tenuirostre (Hook.) Dix.

  • Stereodon chrysogaster (C. M.) Mitt.

  • Tortula papillosa Wils.

  • " princeps De Not.

  • Thuidium laeviusculum (Mitt.) Jaeg.

  • Webera nutans Hedw.

Literature Consulted.

Allison, K. W., 1948. Description of a New Species with Notes and Localities for some Otago and Southland Mosses. Trans. Roy. Soc. N.Z., 77,

Burges, A., 1932. Notes on the Mosses of New South. Wales; Additional Records and Description of a New Species of Buxbaumia Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W., lvii, 239–244,

" 1935. Notes on the Mosses of New South Wales. II. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W., Ix, 83–93.

Dixon, H. N., 1941. Sainsburia, a New Genus of Fissidentaceae. Bryologist, vol. 44, pp. 40–41.

Martin, W., 1946. Geographic Range and Internal Distribution of the Mosses Indigenous to New Zealand. Trans. Roy. Soc. N.Z., 76, 162–184.

Sainsbury, G. O. K., 1940. Barbula rostrata R. Br. ter., an Invalid Species. Bryologist, 43 (no. 4), 113–4.

" 1946. Dicranodontium australe Dixon. Bryologist, 49, 100–102.

" 1947. Some New Zealand Mosses of Hookeriaceae. Revue Bryologique et Lichenologique, t. xvi, fasc. 1–2, 47–48.

" 1947. Additions to the Mosses of Victoria. Victorian Naturalist, vol. 63, no. 10, 222–3.