Go to National Library of New Zealand Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa
Volume 77, 1948-49
This text is also available in PDF
(467 KB) Opens in new window
– 175 –

Station Records of Indigenous Plants

The majority of plants recorded here were collected on five trips in the South Island. The routes taken are indicated below.

February, 1945. Eastern District: Bealey Corner, Waimakariri River, Jordan Stream, over saddle to tributary of Avoca River, Avoca Valley, up tributary and down Anti-Crow River and to Bealey Corner.

1945–46. Eastern District: Lake Heron, Rakaia River, Lyell Hut; Ramsay Glacier and Erewhon Col; Lyell Hut; Ramsay and Clarke Glaciers, Strachan Pass. Western District: Lord Glacier, Lord Range and Blue Lookout, Big Wanganui River.

February, 1946. North-western District: Up Anatoki River and the south branch; to saddle between Anatoki and Stanley Rivers and on to the end of

– 176 –

the Anatoki Range; up the south branch some way; to Anatoki and Stanley River saddle, along ridge to Douglas Range, along ridge to Kakapo Peak, along ridge to saddle at head of the Cobb Valley, down Cobb to the hydro-electric works.

1946–47. North-western District: Wangapeka Valley; Kiwi Creek, Taylor Pakihi; Mount Luna; Kiwi Creek, North Wangapeka branch, Left Hand Branch Karamea River, Tabernacle Hut, Taipo River, Little Wanganui Saddle, shoulder of Mount Zetland, Mossy Creek (Kiwi Creek of the maps), Little Wanganui River.

February, 1947. North-western District: Lake Roto-iti to saddle at head of Travers Valley (here called Travers Saddle), into the East Sabine and over the saddle at the head of the East Sabine. North-eastern District: into the Clarence Valley, Lake Tennyson, Maling's Pass, Waiau River, Ada River, foot of the Christopher River, Ada Saddle. North-western District: Maruia River, track to Lewis Pass, Maruia Springs. Plants from the Christopher Valley were collected on a high spur running west of north from the Christopher River on to the ridge between Faerie Queene and Una.

The localities are referred to the Botanical Districts as described by Cockayne (Vegetation of New Zealand, 1928).

Filices.

Hymenophyllum Malingii Metten. North-western: Mount Arthur; upper Anatoki River.

H. scabrum A. Rich. Thames: Mayor Island.

Cyathaea Cunninghamii Hook. f. Ruahine-Cook: Wilton's Bush, Wellington.

Blechnum nigrum (Col.) Metten. North-western: Little Wanganui River.

Schizaea dichotoma Smith. Thames: Mayor Island.

Lycopodiaceae.

Psilotum triquetrum Swartz. Thames: Mayor Island.

Pinaceae.

Libocedrus plumosa (Don) Sargent. North-western: upper Anatoki River.

Gramineae.

Petriella Colensoi (Hook. f.) Zotov. North-western: Anatoki Range; Mount Zetland; Douglas Range; Travers Saddle; either side of the Sabine-Clarence Saddle. North-eastern: Christopher Valley.

Poa Buchanani Zotov. Eastern: Avoca Valley.

P. Cockayniana Petrie. North-western: head of Cobb Valley.

Festuca Matthewsii Cheesem. North-western: Cobb Valley.

Cockaynea sp. North-western: Upper Maruia River. An undescribed variety or species which differs from C. laevis in having 2–3 flowers in the spikelet.

Cyperaceae.

Gahnia procera Forst. North-western: Anatoki River; Cobb River.

Carex pyrenaica Wahl. North-eastern: Christopher Valley.

Juncaceae.

Juncus antarcticus Hook. f. North-western: head of Cobb Valley.

Luzula Colensoi Hook. f. North-western: Douglas Range. Eastern: head of Ramsay Glacier.

L. pumila Hook. f. North-western: Travers Saddle. North-eastern: Christopher Valley.

Liliaceae.

Astelia nivicola Ckn. North-western: ridge between south Anatoki and Stanley Rivers; Douglas Range; Mount Zetland.

This was not seen in flower or fruit, but the leaves agree with the type specimen. First record for this district.

A. Petriei Ckn. North-western: Mount Zetland.

Orchidaceae.

Thelymitra caesia Petrie. South Auckland: Henderson Valley, at the foot of Spragg's Hill.

Chioranthaceae.

Ascarina lucida Hook. f. North-western: Anatoki Valley.

– 177 –

Urincaceae.

Urtica aspera Petrie. North Otago: Te Aketarawa Station, Waitaki Valley.

Australina pusilla Gaud. Ruahine Cook: Little Akatarawa River; Wilton's Bush, Wellington.

Caryophyllaceae.

Colobanthus canaliculatus T. Kirk. North-western: Mount Arthur, L. B. Moore!, R. Mason; Douglas Range.

Hectorella caespitosa Hook. f. Eastern: rocks at head of Ramsay Glacier.

Rununculaceae.

Ranunculus elonpatus Simpson. North-western: head of the Travers Valley, among boulders, c. 4,000ft.

R. Godleyanus Hook. f. Eastern: rocks at head of Ramsay Glacier. Western: rocks at foot of Lord Glacier.

R. insignis Hook. f. North-western: slopes of Mount Zetland.

R. sericophyllus Hook. f. Eastern: rocks at head of Ramsay Glacier. Western: rocks and damp soil on the Lord Range.

R. Sinclairii Hook. f. North-western: at the head of the Travers and East Sabine Valleys. North-eastern: head of the Clarence Valley.

Anemone tenuicaulis (Cheesem.) Parkin. et Sledge. North-western: Mount Arthur, L. B. Moore!, R. Mason.

Caltha obtusa Cheesem. North-eastern: head of the Clarence Valley, c. 5,009ft.

Magnoliaceae.

Pocudo-wintera Traversii (Buch.) Dandy. North-western: ridge between the south branch of the Anatoki River and the Stanley River. Under scrubby beech at the upper bush edge.

Cruciferae.

Cheesemania Gibbsii (Cheesem.) Schultz. North-western: Anatoki Range, on jumbled rocks; Douglas Range, on a rock.

The plants from the Anatoki Range are small and appear never to have flowered. That from the Douglas Range has slightly shorter, broader, straighter pods than those of the specimen in the Dominion Museum collected by Mr. F. G. Gibbs in a ravine on Mount Lockett. Both the Anatoki Range and Douglas Range plants have some pilose hairs at the edge of the leaves, whereas the leaves of the Dominion Museum specimens are glabrous as described by Cheeseman.

Saxifragaceae.

Quintinia acutifolia T. Kirk. North-western: Anatoki River. Western: Big Wanganui River.

Rosaceae.

Rubus parvus Buch. North-western: Six-mile Creek, near Mount Lodestone; upper Anatoki River; headwaters of the Karamea River; Little Wanganui River.

Geum leiospermum, Petrie. Eastern: Four Peaks Range.

G. uniflorum Buch. North-western: Little Wanganui Saddle, abundant. Eastern: Christopher Valley.

Acaena glabra Buch. North-western: Cobb Valley, Iron Hill. North-eastern: Hapuku River, river flats about 1,500–2,000ft.

A. novae-zelandiae T. Kirk var. pallida T. Kirk. Ruahine-Cook: recorded for Lyall Bay, Wellington. It also occurs across the harbour at Muritai.

A. saccatioupula Bitter. Eastern: Lake Stream, near Lake Heron.

Leguminosae.

Sophora prostrata Buch. Eastern: Four Peaks Range. Only one plant seen.

Euphorbiaceae.

Poranthera alpina Cheesem. North-western: Gordon's Pyramid.

Stackousiaceae.

Stackhousia minima Hook. f. North-western: Cobb Valley.

Rhamnaceae.

Pomaderris rugosa Cheesem. Thames: Mayor Island.

– 178 –

Thymelaceae.

Pimelia, Gnidia Willd. Sounds Nelson Onahau, Kenepuru Sound.

Drapetes villosa Cheesem. var. multiflora Cheesem. North-western near Kakapo Peak and the head of the Cobb Valley; Mount Arthur; East Sabine Valley. A juvenile plant in the Left Hand Branch of the Karamea River apparently belongs here.

Myrtaceae.

Leptospermum ericotides A. Rich. var. lineadtum T. Kirk. North-western: Anatokt River, The first record for the South Island.

Onagraceae.

Epilobium Cockaynianum Petrie. North-western: near Kakapo Peak; Cobb Valley. First record for the South Island.

E. erectum, Petrie. Eastern: Timaru, along edges of footpaths.

E. linnaeoides Hook. f. Eastern: under scrub near stream edge in gully near Timaru, c. 150ft.

E. microphyllum A. Rich. var. prostratum Petrie. Eastern: shingle beaches near Washdyke and Timaru.

E. parviflorum Simpson et Thomson. Eastern: Four Peaks Range.

E. pernitens Ckn. et Allan. North-western: Cobb Valley, c. 3,000ft.; common in damp ground at the head of the Taipo River, c. 3,000ft.

E. plotum Petrie. Eastern: Lake Stream, near Lake Heron; Four Peaks Range.

E. pycnostachyum Haussk. North-western; Douglas Range; East Sabine Valley. Eastern: Avoca Valley.

E. rubromarginatum. Ckn. North-western head of East Sabine Valley. Eastern Christopher Valley.

E. vernicosum Cheesem. North-western: Douglas Range.

Fuchsia perscandens Ckn. et Allan. Eastern: King's Gully, near Timaru.

Haloragidaceae.

Gunnera dentata T. Kirk. Eastern: Avoca Valley.

Umbelliferae.

Hydrocotyle dissecta Hook. f. Sounds-Nelson: Nydia Bay.

Schzeilema. pallidum (T. Kirk) Domin. North-western: East Sabine Valley.

Aciphylla Colensoi Hook. f. var. conspicua T. Kirk. North-western: East Sabine Valley.

A. crenulata J. B. Armstrong. North-western: Mount Zetland. Western: Lord Range. The form on the Lord Range has midribs and leaf edges a bright striking orange-red. Eastern: head of Anti-Crow River.

A. polita. Cheesem. North-western: Douglas Range; Mount Cobb; Mount Luna; Mount Zetland.

Anisotome deltoidea Cheesem. North-western: Douglas Range; head of Cobb Valley; Little Wanganui Saddle. North-eastern: head of Clarence Valley—only one plant seen.

A. Haastii (F. Muell.) Ckn. et Laing. North-western: Douglas Range; Cobb Valley: Mount Arthur; Mount Luna; Mount Zetland.

A. pilifera, (Hook. f.) Ckn. et Laing. North-western: Douglas Range.

Epacridaceae.

Cyathodes pumila Hook. f. North-western: ridge between Anatoki River and Stanley River; Cobb Valley; Mount Zetland. Western: Lord Range.

Epacris alpina. Hook. f. North-western: near saddle between South Anatoki and Stanley Rivers; Cobb Valley.

Archeria Traversa Hook. f. North-western: Anatoki River; Cobb Valley; Mount Arthur; Upper Wangapeka Valley; Taylor River; headwaters of the Karamea River; Little Wanganui. Apparently common in the northwestern District west of the Motueka River and north of the Mokihinui River. Western: Lord Range.

Dracophyllum Kirkii Berggr. Western: Lord Range.

D. pubescens Cheesem. North-western: Anatoki and Douglas Ranges; Mount Luna; Mount Zetland.

D. Traversii Hook. f. North-western: upper Anatoki River; upper Wangapeka. and Kiwi Creek; Karamea headwaters; upper Little Wanganui River.

– 179 –

Myrsinaceae.

Suttoniq, nummularifolia Hook. f. North-western, Anatoki Range Douglas-Range.

Gentianaceae.

Gentiana gracilifolia Cheesem. North-western: Anatoki Range: ridge between South Anatoki and Stanley Rivers; Cobb Valley; Iron Hill; Mount Luna; slopes of Mount Zetland.

G. Spenceri T. Kirk. North-western: ridge between South Anatoki River and Stanley River.

Convolvulaceae.

Calystegia marginata R. Br. North Auckland: Kaikohe.

Verbenaceae.

Teucridium parviflorum Hook. f. Eastern: Pareora River, near Mount Horrible.

Scrophulariaceae.

Jovellana repens Kranzl. North-western: Anatoki Valley; Little Wanganui River.

Hebe ciliolata (Hook. f.) Ckn. et Allan. North-western: Anatoki Range; Douglas-Range; Mount Peel; Mount Luna; Travers Saddle; head of East Sabine Western: Lord Range.

H. coarctata (Cheesem.) Ckn. et Allan. North-western: Anatoki and Douglas-Ranges; Iron Hill; Mount Luna.

H. divergens (Cheesem.) Ckn. North-western: Anatoki River, south branch, stream bank. Only one specimen noticed.

Ourisia glandulosa Hook. f. North-western: Anatoki and Douglas Ranges; Mount Luna; Mount Zetland; Travers Saddle. Eastern: head of the Clarence River; Christopher Valley.

O. macrocarpa Hook. f. var. calycina Ckn. North-western: slopes of Mount Zetland.

O. sessilifolia Hook. f. North-eastern: head of the Clarence River; Christopher River.

Euphrasia Cheesemanii Wettst. North-western: upper Taylor River.

E. Townsoni Petrie. North-western: ridge between the South Anatoki and Stanley Rivers; Cobb Valley; Mount Arthur Tableland.

The specimen from Mount Arthur Tableland had flowers yellow on the inside with a white edge; those on the ridge between the South Anatoki and the Stanley Rivers, white flowers with a pale yellow throat; those near the head of the Cobb, pure white except for darker veins; some in the Cobb, white. Many of the flowers have dried yellowish or with some yellow. Cheeseman regards “large yellow flowers” as a distinguishing character for the species and uses “bright-yellow” in the key. However, Petrie's original description [Trans. N.Z. Inst., 44 (1912), 185] merely says “flowers yellowish-white when dry,” which for the Cobb Valley plants is true of plants that were white in life. It is evident that the amount of yellow in the flower varies and that flower colour is not a satisfactory distinguishing character for this species.

Plantaginaceae.

Plantago lanigera Hook. f. North-western: Douglas Range. First record for the North-western District. North-eastern: Christopher Valley.

P. triandra Berggr. North-western: Cobb Valley.

Rubiaceae.

Coprosma depressa Col. North-western: Mount Zetland. Western: Lord Range.

C. polymorpha W. R. B. Oliver. North-western: Anatoki River.

C. serrulata Hook. f. North-western: Mount Zetland.

Campanulaceae.

Pratia macrodon Hook. f. North-western: Douglas Range; Travers Saddle; head of the East Sabine and the Clarence. North-eastern: Christopher Valley.

The illustration in Cheeseman's Illustrations of the New Zealand Flora was from a specimen collected on Mount Peel, Nelson, by Mr. F. G. Gibbs, but this locality was omitted in Cheeseman's Manual. Eastern: head of the Anti-Crow River.

P. perpusilla Hook. f. Eastern: water-race near the Pareora. River.

– 180 –
Stylidaceae.

Forstera Mackayi Allan. North-western: Douglas Range; head of Cobb Valley; Mount Zetland.

F. tenella Hook. f. Western: abundant on a slip on the Big Wanganui River at about 700 ft.

Cheeseman (Illustrations N.Z. Flora, 1914) says, “Its altitudinal range, as observed by myself, is from 1,500 ft. to 4,500 ft., but I suspect that it descends to lower elevations in the river-valleys of Westland and in the Sounds of the south-west of Otago.”

Compositae.

Lagenophora pinnatifida Hook. f. North-western: upper Wangapeka River; Karamea River; Travers Valley. Eastern: Poulter River.

Brachycome odorata Hook. f. North-western: Douglas Range.

B. Thomsoni T. Kirk var. membranifolia T. Kirk. Eastern: Avoca Valley.

Olearia lacunosa Hook. f. North-western: Anatoki River; upper Wangapeka Valley and Kiwi Creek; Taylor River; headwaters of the Karamea; Mount Zetland; head of the East Sabine, J. W. Butcher!—only one plant seen. Western: Blue Lookout, Lord Range.

In the Tararuas this grows under beech forest and in sub-alpine scrub. In the localities here recorded it was always growing under forest, except that, on the Lord Range, besides plants in the forest, some plants were growing in sub-alpine scrub. These had shorter, narrower leaves, rather more rolled than those of the forest.

Celmisia Armstrongii Petrie. North-western: Mount Zetland and Little Wanganui Saddle, abundant.

C. coriacea Hook. f. var. lancifolia Cheesem. North-western: Anatoki Range; Douglas Range; peaks round Cobb Valley; Mount Luna; Mount Zetland.

C. Dallii Buch. North-western: Mount Luna; Mount Zetland.

C. parva T. Kirk. North-western: Taipo Pakihi and Little Wanganui Saddle, abundant.

C. Gibbsii Cheesem. North-western: slopes of Mount Zetland. rocky face.

C. graminifolia Hook. f. North-western: near Kakapo Peak; Cobb Valley. Eastern: Rakaia River.

C. hieracifolia Hook. f. North-western: Anatoki and Douglas Ranges.

C. lateralis Buch. var. villosa Cheesem. North-western: Douglas Range, not so common as the species; Mount Luna; Travers Saddle; head of the East Sabine Valley.

C. novae-zealandiae (Buch.) Cheesem. Eastern: Rakaia River; Fox's Peak. Two Thumbs Range.

C. Petriei Cheesem. North-western: Douglas Range, only one patch about a mile and a-half north-west of Kakapo Peak; Mount Luna, a few plants; Taipo Pakihi and slopes of Mount Zetland, abundant.

C. spectabilis Hook. f. var. angustifolia Martin. North-western: Douglas Range; Anatoki Range; Iron Hill; Mount Arthur, L. B. Moore!; Mount Luna.

C. Walkeri T. Kirk. Western: Lord Range. Eastern: Avoca Valley.

Haastia pulvinaris Hook. f. North-western: Travers Saddle; head of East Sabine. North-eastern: head of the Clarence; Christopher Valley.

Raoulia oustralis Hook. f. var. apice-nigra T. Kirk. North-eastern; ridge leading to Kaitarau from near Mount Stace, Seaward Kaikouras.

R. eximia Hook. f. North-western: Anatoki Range; Douglas Range; Iron Hill; Mount Cobb; Travers Saddle; Sabine-Clarence Saddle, 6,900 ft. Eastern: Cristopher Valley.

Mount Peel, Nelson, is the only station north of Mount Torlesse recorded in Cheeseman's Manual, although it was recorded for the Spenser Mountains by Laing [Trans. N.Z. Inst., 44 (1912), 75]. It is abundant and conspicuous on the north-west face of Kakapo Peak.

Senecio Adamsii Cheesem. North-western: Anatoki Range; Douglas Range; peaks surrounding the Cobb Valley. Common.

S. Banksii Hook. f. Thames: Mayor Island.

S. Bennettii Simpson. North-western: Mossy Creek, Little Wanganui River, about 3,000 ft., on earthquake slips; head of Taipo River; upper Maruia River.

S. Solanderi Allan. North-western: upper Maruia River.

S. Hectori Buch. North-western: Little Wanganui River; Cobb Valley; summit of road between Mokihinui and Corbyvale.