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Volume 78, 1950
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Minutes of the Annual Meeting of the Council,
Held
25th May, 1948.

The Annual Meeting of the Council of the Royal Society of New Zealand was held on Tuesday, 25th May, 1948, in the Council Room, Victoria University College, Wellington, commencing at 10 a.m.

Present: The President, Dr. R. A. Falla (in the chair); the Vice-President, Mr. F. R. Callaghan; representing the Government: Dr. G. Archey, Mr. F. R. Callaghan, Mr. B. C. Aston, Dr. W. R. B. Oliver; representing Wellington Branch: Professor L. R. Richardson, Dr. J. T. Salmon; representing Otago Branch: Dr. C. M. Focken, Professor G. J. Williams; representing Hawke's Bay Branch: Mr. J. D. H. Buchanan; representing Nelson Institute: Dr. D. Miller; representing Southland Branch: Mr. R. W. Willett; co-opted member: Dr. J. Marwick.

The Hon. Treasurer, Mr. S. Cory Wright, also attended.

Apologies. His Excellency the Governor-General was unable to attend as he was in residence in Auckland. Apologies were received from Professor R. S. Allan and Dr. O. H. Frankel, representatives of the Canterbury Branch.

Professor L. H. Briggs and Mr. A. T. Pycroft were absent from the morning session on account of the late arrival in Wellington of the Auckland trains.

Honourable Minister of Scientific and Industrial Research. The President, Dr. Falla, in welcoming the Hon. Mr. MeCombs to the meeting, expressed the sincere thanks of the Society to the Government for its financial assistance in the partially restored grant and for its co-operation in providing a grant of £10,000, the sum necessary to enable the Society to hold the Seventh Pacific Science Congress in New Zealand. The President also expressed the Society's warm appreciation of the interest taken by the Honourable Minister in the affairs of the Society as evidenced by his making time to attend this and other meetings of the Society.

In reply, the Hon. Minister stated that such a society as the Royal Society of New Zealand was necessary in a country, and by its long tradition and the proud record of scientific achievement of so many of its members it was worthy of all the support which could be given to it, and the Government was doing no more than its duty in providing this support. The benefit which New Zealand would derive from the Seventh Pacific Science Congress would more than outweigh the Government's financial assistance. He assured the Council that the Government was very ready, to assist it in any way possible.

The President warmly thanked the Hon. Minister for his remarks, which were very encouraging.

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Presidential Address and Chairman's Remarks. Dr. Falla stated that the Presidential Address would be delivered that evening before the Wellington Branch. His remarks from the chair would be brief. He referred to the death of Mr. H. F. Skey, for many years Director of the Magnetic Observatory in Christchurch and also referred to the knighthood bestowed on Sir Charles Hercus. He regretted that Dr. Marsden's term of office as President had been such a brief one, terminating with his appointment to an important post in London.

The President thanked the Standing Committee for its attention to the work of the Society throughout the year and mentioned that it would be desirable if its membership could be increased and this matter might receive the consideration of the meeting. Another matter to come before the meeting was the desirability of having the Act amended so that it would provide for the whole of the statutory grant to the Society and not as at present for only a portion of it, the remainder being provided in the estimates of the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research under a clause in the Finance Act.

Certain outstanding events during the year had brought about the Society's entry into international scientific importance. Its relation to Unesco as a national co-operating body with the right of nominating members for the National Commission of Unesco had been announced by the Minister and the Seventh Pacific Science Congress, to which the Society will be host, is to be held in February, 1949. At a special meeting of the Council held in November an Organizing Committee was set up, and this committee has been making every effort to make this Congress an outstanding success.

Council. The President welcomed three new members to the Council: Mr. F. R. Callaghan, Government representative in place of Dr. Marsden, had been appointed Vice-President of the Society; Professor Williams, a representative of the Otago Branch; and Dr. J. T. Salmon, a representative of the Wellington Branch. He expressed the Society's appreciation of the services rendered by Dr. Marsden, Dr. H. D. Skinner (Otago), and Dr. L. I. Grange (Wellington) while members of the Council.

Notices of Motions were called for. These were read and deferred until the afternoon session.

Hector Award. The Hector Award Committee (Dr. H. H. Allan and Dr. W. R. B. Oliver) recommended unanimously that the Hector medal and prize be awarded to Dr. G. H. Cunningham for his researches in mycological botany. On the motion of Dr. Oliver, seconded by Dr. Miller, the Award Committee's recommendation was adopted.

Amount of Hector Prize. On the motion of Dr. Archey, seconded by Dr. Focken, it was resolved that the prize be £50 as usual.

Fellowship R.S.N.Z. On the recommendation of the Fellowship Selection Committee, Dr. O. H. Frankel, Dr. N. L. Edson, Mr. M. Ongley, and Mr. E. F. Stead were elected Fellows of the Royal Society of New Zealand.

Thanks. A very hearty vote of thanks was accorded to the Hector Award Committee and the Fellowship Selection Committee.

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Honorary Membership. Five nominations were received for the two vacancies in the Honorary Membership. The voting resulted in Professor R. B. Goldschmidt and Dr. R. Cushman Murphy being elected.

Vacancies. No vacancies in the Honorary Membership were declared.

Member bodies' Reports and Balance Sheets. The reports and balance sheets of the following Member Bodies were laid on the table:

  • Auckland Institute for the year ended. 31st March, 1948.

  • Wellington Branch for the year ended 30th September, 1947.

  • Canterbury Branch for the year ended 31st October, 1947.

  • Otago Branch for the year ended 31st October, 1947.

  • Hawke's Bay Branch for the year ended 31st March, 1948.

  • Southland Branch for the year ended 31st March, 1947.

  • Nelson Institute for the year ended 31st December, 1947.

Report of the Standing Committee. On the motion of Professor Richardson, seconded by Mr. Callaghan, the Standing Committee's report was considered.

Report of the Standing Committee for the year ended 31st March, 1948.

Meetings. One Special Meeting of the Council and eight meetings of the Standing Committee were held during the year, the attendance being as follows: Dr. E. Marsden, Wellington, 4; Dr. R. A. Falla, Christchurch and Wellington, 6; Dr. G. Archey, Auckland, 1; Mr. B. C. Aston, Wellington, 4; Mr. J. D. H. Buchanan, Napier. 1; Mr. F. R. Callaghan. Wellington (appointed to Council, February, 1948) 2; Dr. O. H. Frankel, Christchurch, 1; Dr. L. I. Grange, Wellington, 8; Dr. J. Marwick, Wellington, 8; Dr. W. R. B. Oliver, Wellington and Christchurch, 6; Professor L. R. Richardson, Wellington, 9; also attended, the Hon. Editor (Dr. J. Henderson) 5; the Hon. Treasurer (Mr. S. Cory Wright) 5.

Council. In September, Dr. E. Marsden resigned the office of President on account of his leaving for London to take up an appointment there. The Vice-President, Dr. R. A. Falla, temporarily assumed the duties of President and in accordance with the new rule entitling Member Bodies to make nominations for the offices of President and Vice-President, two nominations were subsequently received.

A Special Meeting of the Council was held on the 13th November and a postal ballot accepted from members of the Council unable to attend the meeting. Dr. R. A. Falla was elected President, thus leaving the office of Vice-President vacant.

Two nominations for this office were received from Member Bodies and were submitted to members of the Council for a postal ballot.

At a meeting of the Standing Committee held on 16th February, Mr. F. R. Callaghan was elected to the office of Vice-President.

On the 27th November Mr. F. R. Callaghan's appointment to the Council as a Government representative in place of Dr. E. Marsden (resigned) was gazetted.

Constitution of the Council. The question of the representation of Fellows and of kindred societies on the Council referred to the Standing Committee by the last Annual Meeting was considered and referred to a sub-committee consisting of Dr. E. Marsden, Dr. R. A. Falla, and Dr. J. Marwick. This committee reported to the Standing Committee on the 23rd September and the following recommendations were referred to the annual meeting for consideration:—

(1)

That it be a recommendation to the Government that the four nominees be reduced to two and that the Fellows elect by ballot two representatives. The total membership of the Council would thereby not be increased.

(2)

The sub-committee considers that the admission of other scientific societies to representation on the Council would materially alter the constitution of the Royal Society of New Zealand and affect unduly its rules. The committee considers that the position of the Royal Society

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  • as a national fully representative scientific organization could be preserved if an arrangement were entered into with the Institution of Engineers and the Institute of Chemistry whereby representatives of these societies would be co-opted for joint discussion of major national important scientific questions for instance, science conferences and questions on which an independent national scientific front is desirable.

N.B. The President (Dr. Marsden) was asked to interview the Presidents of the above two mentioned societies to obtain their views on the suggestion, but owing to his departure for London this interview probably did not take place.

Rules re President and Vice-President. As requested by the Annual Meeting, the Standing Committee gave some thought to improving the machinery for the election of President and Vice-President, and the above sub-committee was asked to include this matter in its deliberations.

The committee recommended that the present rules that Member Bodies nominate the President and Vice-President should stand, but that the Council should also have the right of nomination and that the nominations should be referred to a Special Nominations Committee of six appointed by the Council for recommendation to the Annual Meeting of the Council for consideration and election. It also recommended that two Vice-Presidents should be appointed instead of one. That the term of office of the President be for two years and that on the expiration of his term he be ex officio a member of the Council for one year. That the term of office of the Vice-Presidents he for one year, with the right of re-election for a further year.

Publications. Unfortunately, the delay in printing the Transactions continues, and the Otago Daily Times Printing Department is almost a year behind schedule. The Science Congress volume. for which a grant of £500 has been received from the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, is similarly affected. The Presidential Address and the addresses of the Chairmen of the Sections of the Congress are printed, but few, if any, of the papers for the volume are yet in page proof form. The position is most unsatisfactory from the authors' viewpoints and complaints have been received from Member Bodies. Every endeavour has been made by letter and interview to get the Transactions out more rapidly, and the printers are doing their best in the face of depleted staffs. The position is not a localised one—judging from the irregular dates of incoming exchanges it would appear to be almost universal.

Volume 77, Part 1, is now ready for distribution by the printers and should be in the hands of members by the date of the Annual Meeting.

Quality of Paper. As directed, the Standing Committee took up with the Otago Daily Times Company the question of the poor quality of the paper being used in the Transactions. The difficulty regarding paper supplies was pointed out, and it was recognised that the present is not the time to press unduly for better paper.

“Maori Art.” Despite the increased price, there continues to be a demand for sets of “Maori Art.” Following a report by the Secretary that supplies of complete sets were being depleted, it was decided to confine the sale of them in future to approved libraries.

Library. During the year many of the Exchanges suspended because of the war have sent to the Library the accumulated back numbers of their publications, making a great strain on the already taxed accommodation.

The decision of the Standing Committee to erect additional shelving will give some temporary relief, although the floor space will be more cramped than it was.

The Library is being increasingly used, the past year being a record as far as loans are concerned. The fact that in 1947–48 there were 15 pages of loans in the Library register, compared with four, pages in 1927–28 and five pages in 1937–38, gives some indication of the growing recognition of the value of the Library, especially evident by the increasing demand for loans from research workers and libraries outside Wellington.

Library Assistance.—The National Library Service asked permission for two of its trainees in the Library School to undertake a project in cataloguing in the Society's Library as part of their training, and in view of the fact that there were no suitable applicants for the post of assistant in the Library, this request was gladly agreed to and two trainees were occupied for two months in cataloguing the titles of the periodicals in the English language, a work that was urgently required for the Union List.

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Binding. The Society's binder completed 28 volumes during the year., and owing to obtaining larger premises in the Hutt Valley, in the future he hopes to be able to get through more work.

Member Bodies. The annual reports and balance sheets from the following Branehes have been received:—

  • Auckland Institute for the year ended 31st March, 1947.

  • Wellington Branch for the year ended 30th September, 1947.

  • Canterbury Branch for the year ended 31st October, 1947.

  • Otago Branch for the year ended 31st October, 1947.

  • Hawke's Bay Branch for the year ended 31st March, 1948.

  • Southland Branch for the year ended 31st March, 1947.

  • Nelson Philosophical Society for the year ended 30th September, 1947.

Fellowship. The names of Dr. M. A. F. Barnett, Dr. E. Beaglehole, Miss L. B. Moore, and Professor H. G. Forder were gazetted Fellows on the 17th July, 1947.

Eleven nominations for the four vacancies in the Fellowship were received from Member Bodies and were submitted to the Fellows for selection.

The Fellowship Selection Committee then considered the result of the voting and its recommendation will come before the Annual Meeting in May.

The proposed rule to allow of the Hector and Hutton Medallists being elected Fellows when vacancies occurred was given a good deal of consideration by the Standing Committee and the gazetting of the rule was deferred pending reconsideration by the Annual Meeting. A sub-committee consisting of the President and Dr. J. Marwick was set up to place the Standing Committee's views before the Annual Meeting and to suggest how the difficulties involved may be overcome.

Report of Sub-committee on Proposal to Admit Hector and Hutton
Medallists to Fellowship of the Royal Society of New Zealand
.

The proposal to include Hector and Hutton Medallists automatically in the roll of Fellows of the Society, which was resolved at the last Annual Meeting of the Council, has not been gazetted because, in the opinion of the Standing Committee, a contradiction would arise, according to existing rules.

(a) Rule 5 requires that Fellows must have been members of the Society for three years immediately or for five years at any period preceding nomination.

As there is no membership qualification at all required of Medallists and in fact at least two former medallists have not been members of the Society, Rule 5 therefore is contravened if the new proposal is enforced and would need to be rescinded.

(b) The power to elect Medallists in any year already exists in Rule 6 (d) which states, inter alia, that neither the Fellowship Selection Committee nor the Council is limited to such persons as have been nominated by the Member Bodies.

R. A. Falla

(Convener).

J. Marwick.

Heclor Award. The Hector Prize for 1947 was given to Mr. A. W. B. Powell, but the presentation of the medal has been delayed pending a suitable occasion on which the President of the Royal Society of New Zealand could attend and present it.

Hector Medals. As the supply of the Hector medals will soon be exhausted, an order was placed with the Society's medal makers, John Pinches, Ltd. (successors to Mr. A. C. Wyon). It was good news to learn from this firm that the dies of the Society's three medals were safe and had received no damage by enemy action during the war.

Hutton Grants. The Southland Branch refunded £20 of the £40 grant which had been given to it in 1944 for the erection of a hut on Whero Island, as the proeject had been supplemented by public subscriptions and the total amount received was more than had been required.

The following applications were received and at a meeting of the Standing Committee on the 16th February were recommended to the Annual Meeting for approval:—

  • Dr. Greta B. Cone, £50 for research in fungi.

  • Mr. M. H. Batty, £30 for research on igneous rocks and general geology of the Cape Karikari area.

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Research Grants. Mr. R. W. Green, Auckland University College, was granted £25 for the purchase of a platinum crucible to enable him to carry out research on the adsorption of water vapour by the protein constituents of collagen and clastin.

Applications for the special research grant of £100 authorised by the last Annual Meeting were called for and seven applications were received, two of these being subsequently withdrawn on account of altered circumstances. A subcommittee consisting of Dr. J. Marwick (convener), Dr. R. A. Falla, and Dr. L. I. Grange recommended that the Standing Committee grant Miss G. Parry £40 for research on New Zealand sea anemones and £25 to Dr. L. H. Briggs for research on behalf of his chemistry students working on the chemical products of New Zealand plants. These grants were approved by the Standing Committee on the 16th February and the 13th April, 1948.

T. K. Sidey Summer-time Award. The Royal Society of New South Wales was asked to present the Summer-time Medal to Dr. D. F. Martyn, to whom it had been awarded at last Annual Meeting, and Dr. F. Lyons, acting President of the Society, made the presentation at a general meeting of the Society on the 5th November, 1947.

N.Z. Science Congress. The Science Congress organized by the Wellington Branch was an outstanding success with a large attendance and with approximately 200 papers presented. Through the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research the Government made available a grant of £500 for printing a Science Congress volume. This is being printed as a Special Part of the Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand, but as stated earlier, the printing, which is in the hands of the Otago Daily Times Company, is making slow progress.

Numerous resolutions were received from the Congress general and sectional meetings, and these were despatched to the proper quarters. The replies are being compiled for circulation to the Branches and the resolutions directly affecting the Royal Society will come before the Annual Meeting in May.

A. and N.Z.A.A.S. Sir Theodore Rigg, Professor L. R. Richardson, and Dr. J. T. Salmon were appointed to represent the Royal Society at the Perth meeting of the A. and N.Z.A.A.S. Professor Richardson briefly reported to the Standing Committee on the 24th September.

Pacific Science Congress. Following a decision of the Annual Meeting to approach the Government for financial support to enable the next Pacific Science Congress to be held in New Zealand immediate action was taken to ascertain the extent of the financial help required for such an undertaking. The Scientific Liaison Officer in Washington, Mr. J. A. D. Nash, after consultation with the appropriate authorities in U.S.A., forwarded the necessary information, and the Government was then approached for a grant of £10,000 to enable the Royal Society to issue an invitation to the Pacific Science Association to hold its Seventh Congress in New Zealand.

On the 24th October the Secretary of the Scientific and Industrial Research Department advised that Cabinet had given consideration to the Society's request and approval had been granted as follows:—

(1)

That the Royal Society issue an invitation to the Pacific Science Association to hold the Seventh Pacific Science Congress in New Zealand.

(2)

That a grant of up to £10,000 be made to the Royal Society for the purpose of the Congress.

The Government was cordially thanked for its co-operation and assistance. At the special meeting of the Council held on the 13th November, Professor R. S. Allan presented a report on the organization that would be necessary for the effective carrying out of the Congress based on the reports of the previous six Congresses. An Organizing Committee was set up and Dr. R. Cushman Murphy, who was present at the meeting by invitation, outlined the scope and importance of such Pacific Science Congresses, stating that the present intense intense interest in Pacific research would make the Seventh Pacific Science Congress all the more interesting and important. He stated that the invitation to hold the Congress in New Zealand was being warmly welcomed in U.S.A.

The Organizing Committee, which has held two meetings, asked Dr. G. Archey to undertake the general secretaryship, and the Standing Committee heartily approved the appointment. Officers of the Congress have been appointed as follows:—

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Patron, His Excellency the Governor-General; Honorary Presidents, The Right Hon. P. Fraser, Prime Minister of New Zealand, the Hon. T. H. McCombs, Minister of Scientific and Industrial Research; Honorary Vice-Presidents—His Worship the Mayor of Auckland, Mr. J. A. C. Allum; His Worship the Mayor of Christchurch, Mr. E. H. Andrews; Dr. Herbert E. Gregory. President of the First Pan-Pacific Science Congress; Dr. H. M. Tory, President of the Fifth Pacific Science Congress; Dr. Ross G. Harrison, President of the Sixth Pacific Science Congress. President, Dr. R. A. Falla, President of the Royal Society of New Zealand; General Secretary, Dr. G. Archey, Director Auckland Institute and Museum. The Organizing Committee is as follows: Dr. R. A. Falla, Chairman; Dr. G. Archey, General Secretary; Mr. S. Cory Wright, Honorary Treasurer; Professor R. S. Allan, Mr. F. R. Callaghan, Mr. A. G. Harper, Dr. J. K. Dixon, Dr. K. B. Cumberland, Professor E. Beaglehole, Dr. P. Marshall, Mr. C. A. Fleming, Mr. J. A. D. Nash.

The dates of the Congress will be February 2–23, 1949, and meetings will he held in Auckland and Christchurch with North and South Island excursions.

Fulbright Act. The Standing Committee is not able to report any definite results in connection with the administration of the Fulbright Act and New Zealand Lease-Lend Settlement. Dr. Marsden interviewed the officers of the United States Legation and the Department of External Affairs, and a subcommittee consisting of the President, the Vice-President, and Professor L. R. Richardson was empowered to meet the Chancellor and Vice-Chancellor of the University of New Zealand to discuss the implementation of the Fulbright Act by the setting up by statute of a Foundation or Commission to administer the funds available by the Act. Before leaving for London, Dr. Marsden had talks on the matter with a representative of the University and of External Affairs and an assurance was given that when the Committee to administer the Act as it affects New Zealand is set up, scientific interests will be represented by the Royal Society of New Zealand. Subsequently, however, it appeared that the administration of the Fulbright Act would be undertaken in Washington, where the Commission was likely to be constituted on a seven (U.S.A.) to one (N.Z.) basis.

At a meeting of the Standing Committee held on the 3rd November, Professor Richardson stated that if New Zealand was to benefit under the Fulbright Act it was imperative that a Liaison Committee be set up in New Zealand. An interview with the Vice-Chancellor of the University was to be sought regarding the matter.

Foreign Secretary. As authorised by the Annual Meeting, the Standing Committee at a meeting on the 5th June elected Dr. R. A. Falla Foreign Secretary for a term of three years.

Pacific Research Council. It was decided to defer the appointment of this Council pending the holding of the Pacific Science Congress.

Invitation to Director d'Oceanic Francais. It was decided to hold over this matter until the same date.

U.N.E.S.C.O. Early in the year an approach was made to the Minister of Education to have the Royal Society of New Zealand given direct representation on the National Commission of U.N.E.S.C.O. when set up, but the Standing Committee was later advised that the constitution of the U.N.E.S.C.O. Commission did not allow of this. The Royal Society was, however, asked to make application to be recognised as a national co-operating body and was given the right of making nominations for election to the National Commission of U.N.E.S.C.O.

Application was made accordingly, and it was decided to defer making nominations until the Annual Meeting.

A mass of material is being received from the U.N.E.S.C.O. administration and the Standing Committee considered the best way of dealing with it was to set up a sub-committee to which all the material could be referred for report to the Standing Committee. The following sub-committee was set up:—

  • Dr. R. A. Falla, President of the Royal Society of N.Z. (Convener).

  • Mr. K. R. Allen, representing the Association of Scientific Workers.

  • Dr. J. K. Dixon, representing the N.Z. Institute of Chemistry.

  • Mr. G. S. Roydhouse, representing the Polynesian Society.

  • A representative of the Geographical Society of N.Z. (not yet appointed).

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Dominion Museum Management Committee. In May, 1947, Dr. H. H. Allan, Dr. P. Marshall, Dr. C. G. Morice, Mr. H. C. McQueen, and Professor L. R. Richardson were nominated for a further term of office, and Dr. W. R. B. Oliver and Professor E. Beaglehole were nominated to fill the two vacancies on the Museum Management Committee. Owing to Dr. Oliver's temporary transfer to Christchurch, the Standing Committee, at a meeting on the 16th February, nominated Mr. R. A. McLennan to serve on the Management Committee during Dr. Oliver's absence.

Overseas Meetings. The following were appointed by the Standing Committee to represent the Royal Society of New Zealand at overseas Congresses to be held this year:—

  • The Eighteenth Session of the International Geological Congress: Dr. P. Marshall and Mr. M. Ongley.

  • The International Institute of Genetics Congress: Dr. O. H. Frankel.

  • The International Congress of Entomology: Dr. D. Miller and Dr. W. Cottier.

  • The Institute of Geodesy and Geophysics: Dr. E. Marsden.

  • The International Union of Crystallography: Dr. C. O. Hutton.

Princeton University Celebrations. Mr. J. A. D. Nash represented the Royal Society of New Zealand at the Princeton University celebrations held in 1947 and on behalf of the Society he accepted a handsome medal struck in commemoration of the Centenary of the University.

Loder Cup. The Standing Committee, through Dr. H. H. Allan, nominated Professor Arnold Wall for the Loder Cup for 1947. The Loder Cup Committee awarded the cup to Mr. N. R. W. Thomas, N.D.H.N.Z., LL.B.

Waipoua Forest. The Standing Committee was asked by the Wellington Branch to set up a committee to inquire into the present position regarding reserved areas for the preservation of the native fauna and flora, with particular reference to Waipoua Forest, and in May, 1947, a committee consisting of Mr. C. M. Smith (convener), Dr. H. H. Allan, Mr. A. L. Poole, Mr. N. H. Taylor, and Dr. W. R. B. Oliver was set up to report to the Society. The Committee's attention was called to a resolution passed some years ago by the Society to the effect that the Government be asked to appoint a Superintendent of Scenic Reserves. It is hoped that the Committee's report will come before the Annual Meeting in May.

The Forest and Bird Protection Society forwarded a petition in regard to Waipoua Forest, but pending the sub-committee's report the Standing Committee could not see its way to support the petition.

Liaison. with Scientific. Visitors. During the year the Secretary of the Royal Society has been advised of the projected visits of certain outstanding scientists, and the Branches have been notified of these visits and in some cases have availed themselves of the opportunity of lectures from these visitors, notably Sir Clifford Paterson, Dr. R. Cushman Murphy, and Dr. L. J. Comrie.

Arising therefrom:—

Constitution of Council. Dr. Archey moved, Dr. Focken seconded: “That the sub-committee's recommendation that the Government be recommended to reduce its four nominees to two and that the Fellows elect by ballot two representatives. The total membership of the Council would thereby not be increased.”

Professor Richardson moved an amendment, seconded by Dr. Oliver: “That it be a recommendation to the Government that the Fellows elect by ballot two representatives on the Council.”

Dr. Marwick supported the amendment and some discussion ensued as to whether the proposed amendment would affect the numerical strength of the Standing Committee.

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Dr. Archey suggested that the need to increase the numbers of the Standing Committee could possibly be met by having Full Executive and Small Executive meetings such as the Senate of the University of New Zealand.

Finally the amendment was put and carried and it became the substantive motion and was carried.

The consequential amendment to the Act was referred to the Act Amendments Sub-committee of the Standing Committee for action.

Representation of Other Scientific Societies. On the motion of Dr. Archey, seconded by Professor Williams, it was resolved to authorise the Standing Committee to convene a conference of other learned societies to consider the rules of the Royal Society of New Zealand relating to the admission of Member Bodies or other means of ensuring co-operation between scientific societies.

Rules re President and Vice-President. On the motion of Dr. Oliver, seconded by Professor Richardson, it was resolved: “That the Government be asked to amend ‘The Royal Society of New Zealand Act, 1933,’ to provide for the appointment of two Vice-Presidents; to provide for the term of office of the President being two years, on the expiration of which term he be ex officio a member of the Council for one year; and to provide for the term of office of Vice-Presidents being for one year, after which they shall be eligible for re-election for a further year.”

On the motion of Profesor Richardson, seconded by Dr. Archey, it was resolved: “That the Council approve of the setting up of a Special Nominations Committee of six to consider nominations received for the positions of President and Vice-Presidents and to report to the Annual General Meeting.”

It was further resolved that the rules be altered to allow the Special Nominations Committee to have the right to make nominations for the offices of President and Vice-Presidents.

Reprinting Act and Rules.—On the motion of Dr. Archey, seconded by Dr. Marwick, it was resolved: “That the Standing Committee consider the advisability of reprinting ‘The Royal Society of New Zealand Act, 1933,’ and amendments and the Rules of the Society in booklet form and that sufficient copies of future amendments be obtained for members of the Council when gazetted.”

Science Congress. On the motion of Dr. Archey, seconded by Mr. Buchanan, it was resolved to convey the appreciation of the Council to the Wellington Branch for its work in organizing the last Science Congress, which was such an outstanding success.

A. and N.Z.A.A.S. Professor Richardson urged that representatives attending the meetings of the A. and N.Z.A.A.S. should be informed in advance of any free travel facilities being provided. He stated that it was only when the representatives had reached Perth that they learned that free travel had been available. Dr. Archey, New Zealand Secretary of the Association, stated that the information

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came too late to be of use. So far no advice has been received that there will be similar free travel for the Hobart meeting.

Fulbright Act. In discusing the paragraph in the Standing Committee's Report dealing with the Fulbright Act, Professor Richardson maintained that New Zealand, by the inaction of those who should have been alive to the responsibilities laid on them, had lost much of value under the Fulbright Act Lease-Lend Agreement. He urged that the restricting time limit imposed on benefits to accrue from the Act be not lost sight of, and on his motion, seconded by Dr. Salmon, it was resolved: “That the New Zealand Government be urged to take all immediate and necessary steps to set up a committee to co-operate and co-act in connection with the operation of the Fulbright Act.”

Overseas Meetings. It was noted that many Government representatives were attending overseas conferences and meetings, and it was resolved: “That the Government be asked in future to consider the possibility of sending an additional representative to such conferences to be selected from non-Government sections.”

On the motion of Professor Richardson, seconded by Mr. Willett, the Report of the Standing Committee was adopted.

The meeting adjourned for luncheon provided for visiting members by the President.

Afternoon Session.

Roll Call. The following were present: Dr. R. A. Falla, Mr. F. R. Callaghan, Dr. G. Archey, Mr. B. C. Aston, Dr. W. R. B. Oliver, Professor L. H. Briggs, Mr. A. T. Pycroft (Auckland), Professor L. R. Richardson, Dr. J. T. Salmon, Dr. C. M. Focken, Professor G. J. Williams, Mr. J. D. H. Buchanan, Dr. D. Miller, Mr. R. W. Willett, Dr. J. Marwick, and the Hon. Treasurer, Mr. S. Cory Wright.

Fellowship Rules. A sub-committee set up by the Standing Committee reported that if the resolution passed at the last Annual Meeting to the effect that Hector and Hutton Medallists not already Fellows be automatically elected to the Fellowship were adopted, a contradiction in the rules would arise.

A letter from the Wellington Branch opposing the resolution was also read. Some discussion ensued and the proposer and seconder of the resolution stated that the possibility of such a contradiction had not been foreseen. On the motion of Dr. Marwick, it was resolved that the following motion passed at the last Annual Meeting be rescinded: “That there be added to Clause 6 of the Fellowship Rules a sub-clause (2): Any person not already a Fellow who is awarded the Hector or the Hutton Medal shall have the Fellowship conferred on him on the day of the award if, after the current election of Fellows, a vacancy exists or otherwise when a vacancy next occurs.”

Number of Fellows to be Elected in 1949. It was resolved that four Fellows be elected in 1949.

– xi –

Honorary Treasurer's Report and Balance Sheet. Mr. Cory Wright presented the report of the Hon. Treasurer and the balance sheet, and on the motion of Mr. Pycroft these were adopted.

Report of the Honorary Treasurer.

I have to report that the Society's finances are satisfactory, as shown by the annual statements for the year ending 31st March, 1948.

The Government grant of £1,250 for, each of the two past years has enabled the Society to meet the rising costs and increasing activities, particularly in the matter of printing costs.

The balance at 31st March, 1948, of £3,148 17s 10d, as against £2,688 6s 10d last year, is accounted for by a payment of £500 from the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research towards the cost of printing papers presented at the Royal Society's Science Congress held last May. This amount has not yet been expended because of delay in printing the Science Congress Volume, which will be published as a Special Part of the Transactions, and it will be carried forward into next year's accounts.

The delay in the Otago Daily Times Printing Department has also accounted for the fact that the blocks of Vol. 76, Part 2, and Parts 3 and 4 of Volume 76, amounting to £653 13s 3d, are all that have been charged this year, the amount of £203 1s 6d for the text and plates of Volume 76, Part 2, being shown as a liability in last year's Balance Sheet; if printing conditions improve and arrears can be overtaken, the Society will have an amount of approximately £1,500 to meet in the current year.

The levy for Volume 76 obtained from Member Bodies is an Increase on that obtained for Volume 75, due to stimulated interest in the Member Bodies and growing memberships.

An amount of £75 of the £100 voted last Annual Meeting for research has been allocated, but has not yet been called upon by grantees.

The Trust Funds, as shown in the accompanying statements, are in a healthy condition, the investments remaining as last year.

There was no need to call upon the Endowment Fund for assistance towards publication expenses (as explained above) and the amount of £283 12s 7d allocated in 1946 still stands for that purpose when required.

The question of a more satisfactory basis for the Government grant of £1,250 per annum has arisen, and it is suggested that “The Royal Society of New Zealand Act, 1933,” should be amended to make provision for the total amount of the annual grant, instead of as present relying upon the Estimates of the S.I.R. Department.

The Royal Society will be handling the Government grant of £10,000 and expenses of the Seventh Pacific Science Congress to be held next year, and a separate account for this has been opened at the Bank of New Zealand.

The balance sheets submitted by the Member Bodies show that Rule 3 governing financial conditions of affiliation is being complied with. The following is an analysis of the Member Bodies' Accounts:—

Member Body. Membership. Receipts. Expenditure. Levy. Rule 3.
Auckland Institute 733 £20,257 £18,779 £76 15 0 Levy & Library, Museum
Wellington Branch 362 531 302 65 9 0 Levy & Library
Canterbury Branch 227 273 215 46 2 0 Levy & Library
Otago Branch 168 362 314 46 10 0 Levy
Hawke's Bay Branch 111 167 158 6 13 8 Levy & Library
Southland Branch 47 129 47 11 5 0 Levy
Nelson Phil. Society 9 9 0 Levy
Nelson Institute (not yet to hand)

S. Cory Wright, Honorary Treasurer.


13th May, 1948.

– xii –

Statement of receipts and payments for the year ended 31st march, 1948.

[The section below cannot be correctly rendered as it contains complex formatting. See the image of the page for a more accurate rendering.]

[The section below cannot be correctly rendered as it contains complex formatting. See the image of the page for a more accurate rendering.]

Receipts.
£ s. d.
Balance at 31st March, 1947 2,688 6 10
Annual Government Grant 1,250 0 0
Govt. Grant, R.S.N.Z. Science Congress Volume 500 0 0
Levy, Volume 76, Trans. R.S.N.Z. 262 3 8
Sales of Publications 101 19 2
Travelling Expenses: Member Bodies' Share 25 5 2
Balance Contributions Prof. Goldschmidt's Tour 125 0 0
Seventh Pacific Science Congress: Instalment 500 0 0
Refund Hutton Grant: Southland Branch 20 0 0
Subscription Inter. Scientific Unions: Contributions 0 13 6
Refund Balance Research Grant: Dr. Uttley 0 8 10
Favourable Exchange 1 0 5
Dominion Museum: Half Carter Library Insurance 0 12 4
Interest on P.O. Savings Bank Account 32 3 1
Endowment Fund Interest 75 12 0
Hector Memorial Fund Interest 51 15 11
Hutton Memorial Fund Interest 64 6 6
Sidey Sumer-time Fund Interest 26 0 8
Carter Library Legacy Interest 6 4 3
Cockayne Memorial Fund Interest 11 10 9
Hamilton Memorial Fund Interest 2 5 0
Plant Diseases Trust Interest 17 8 7
Repayments to General Account from Trust Funds 154 12 0
£5,917 8 8

[The section below cannot be correctly rendered as it contains complex formatting. See the image of the page for a more accurate rendering.]

[The section below cannot be correctly rendered as it contains complex formatting. See the image of the page for a more accurate rendering.]

Payments.
£ s. d.
Otago Daily Times: Volume 76 (2, 3, and 4) 854 10 9
Salary 425 0 0
Charges (Insurance, Telephone, Audit, Bank, etc.) 16 3 10
Research Grants 100 19 10
Stationery and Binding Set of “Maori Art” 7 19 7
Travelling Expenses: Annual and Special Meetings 62 13 9
Professor Goldschmidt's Tour (Balance) 35 14 2
Pacific Science Congress Account, Bank of N.Z. 500 0 0
Hutton Grants 43 7 4
Library: Binding 16 15 0
Library: Periodicals Cabinet 50 0 0
Library: Ladder 5 12 6
Sidey Summer-time Award: Dr Martyn 100 0 0
Hector Prize: Mr. A. W. B. Powell and Exchange 50 1 3
Engraving Medals (3) 3 3 9
Audit Trust Accounts: Fee 1 1 6
Petty Cash 24 12 3
Interest paid direct to Trust Accounts 134 9 8
Reimbursements to Trust Accounts from Bank N.Z. 18 5 8
Balance as Under 3,148 17 10
£5,917 8 8

[The section below cannot be correctly rendered as it contains complex formatting. See the image of the page for a more accurate rendering.]

£ s. d. £ s. d.
Bank of New Zealand 266 6 6
Less Unpresented Cheques 74 10 8
191 15 10
Post Office Savings Bank 2,948 18 4
Petty Cash in Hand 8 3 8 3,148 17 10
– xiii –

Statement of Assets and Liabilities at 31st march, 1948.

Liabilities.
£ s. d.
Hector Memorial Fund Capital Account 1,184 18 1
Hector Memorial Fund Revenue Account 78 19 2
Hutton Memorial Fund Capital Account 1,506 8 6
Hutton Memorial Fund Revenue Account 397 5 8
T. K. Sidey Summer-time Fund Capital Account 544 10 0
T. K. Sidey Summer-time Fund Revenue Account 106 14 3
Plant Diseases Trust Capital Account 542 13 5
Plant Diseases Trust Revenue Account 84 8 0
Cockayne Memorial Fund Capital Account 249 12 0
Cockayne Memorial Fund Revenue Account 51 11 1
Carter Library Legacy Capital Account 162 19 0
Carter Library Legacy Revenue Account 25 5 6
Hamilton Memorial Fund Capital Account 77 3 8
Hamilton Memorial Fund Revenue Account 1 5 9
(1947 being held for Miss Batham) 4 0 0
Endowment Fund Capital Account 2,129 2 5
Endowment Fund Revenue Account 488 0 9
Research Grant Fund 17 16 0
Science Congress Volume (Printing) 500 0 0
Sundry Creditors 2 10 1
Subscription International Scientific Unions 23 19 8
Balance of Assets over Liabilities 2,077 8 1
£10,256 11 1
Assets.
£ s. d.
Hector Fund: Inscribed Stock (Face Value, £1,250) 1,184 18 1
Hector Fund: Post Office Savings Bank Account 78 19 2
Hutton Fund: Inscribed Stock (Face Value, £1,570) 1,506 8 6
Hutton Fund: Post Office Savings Bank Account 397 5 8
Summer-time: Inscribed Stock (Face Value, £510) 500 2 6
Summer-time: Post Office Savings Bank Account 151 1 9
Plant Diseases: Ins. Stock (Face Value, £500) 500 0 0
Plant Diseases: Post Office Savings Bank Account 127 1 5
Cockayne Fund: Inscribed Stock (Face Value, £260) 249 12 0
Cockayne Fund: Post Office Savings Bank Account 51 11 1
Carter Legacy: Inscribed Stock (Face Value, £160) 162 19 0
Carter Legacy: Post Office Savings Bank Account 25 5 6
Hamilton Fund: Inscribed Stock (Face Value, £60) 60 0 0
Hamilton Fund: Post Office Savings Bank Account 22 9 5
Endowment Fund: Ins. Stock (Face Value, £2,070) 2,054 2 5
Endowment Part General A/c. P.O.S. Bank Account 563 0 9
Sundry Debtors 35 16 9
Bank of New Zealand 191 15 10
Post Office Savings Bank Account 2,385 17 7
Petty Cash in Hand 8 3 8
£10,256 11 1
Property Assets.
Est. Value. Ins. Value.
£ s. d. £ s. d.
Library and Stack Room 11,592 12 0 4,500 0 0
Furniture 95 12 6 40 0 0
Stock, Store Room, Parliament Buildings 500 0 0
Carter Library, Dominion Museum (jointly owned with Museum) 500 0 0
£5,540 0 0
– xv –

Trust accounts for the Year Ended 31st march, 1948.

Hector Memorial Fund.
Dr.
£ s. d.
To Hector Prize and Exchange 50 1 3
— Engraving Medal 0 15 9
— Administration Exs. 1 3 0
— Balance 1,263 17 3
£1,1315 17 3
Cr.
By Capital Invested 1,184 18 1
— Bal. Revenue A/c. at 31/3/47 79 3 3
— Interest 51 15 11
£1,315 17 3
By Balance Capital A/c. £1,184 18 1
— Balance Revenue A/c. £78 19 2
Hutton Memorial Fund.
Dr.
£ s. d.
To Grants 43 7 4
— Engraving Medal 1 3 6
— Administration Exs. 1 3 0
— Balance 1,903 14 2
£1,949 8 0
Cr.
£ s. d.
By Capital Invested 1,506 8 6
— Balance Revenue A/c. at 31/3/47 358 13 0
— Interest 64 6 6
— Grant Refunded by Southland Branch 20 0 0
£1,949 8 0
By Balance Capital A/c. £1,506 8 6
— Balance Rev. A/c. £397 5 8
T. K. Sidey Summer-time Fund.
Dr.
£ s. d.
To Prize (Dr. Martyn) 100 0 0
— Engraving Medal 1 4 6
— Administration Exs. 1 2 6
— Balance 651 4 3
£753 11 3
Cr.
£ s. d.
By Capital Inv. and in P.O. Savings Bank 541 17 11
— Balance Rev. A/c. at 31/3/47 185 12 8
— Interest Revenue A/c. 23 8 7
— 1/10 Cap. Account 2 12 1
26 0 8
£753 11 3
By Balance Capital A/c. £544 10 0
— Balance Revenue A/c. 106 14 3
Plant Diseases Trust.
Dr.
£ s. d.
To Administration Exs. 0 5 0
— Balance 627 1 5
£627 1 5
Cr.
By Cap. Inv. and in P.O. Savings Bank 542 13 5
— Balance Revenue A/c. at 31/3/47 67 4 5
— Interest 17 8 7
£627 6 5
By Balance Capital A/c. £542 13 5
— Balance Revenue A/c. £84 8 0
– xiv –
Revenue Account for the Year Ended 31St March, 1948.
Expenditure.
£ s. d.
To Printing Transactions Vol. 76 (2, 3, 4) 653 13 3
" Salary 425 0 0
" Library Cabinet and Ladder 55 12 6
" Stationery 7 19 7
" Petty Cash (Secretary and Hon. Editor) 24 12 3
" Charges 31 6 1
" Travelling Exs. (Annual and Special Meetings) 37 8 7
" Balance 2,077 8 1
£3,313 0 4
Income.
£ s. d.
By Balance at 31st March, 1947 1,693 16 5
" Annual Grant 1,250 0 0
" Levy, Volume 76 263 8 8
" Sales of Publications 100 12 9
" Trust Funds Administration Expenses 5 2 6
£3,313 0 4

Seventh Pacific Science Congress Account.

Statement of Assets and Liabilities at 31St March, 1948.
Liabilities.
Instalment of £10,000 Government Grant £500 0 0
Assets.
Pacific Science Congress Account at Bank of N.Z. £500 0 0

The Audit Office having examined the balance sheet and accompanying accounts required by law to be audited, hereby certifies them to be correct.

J. P. Rutherford, Controller and Auditor-General.
(Signed) S. Cory Wright

, Honorary Treasurer.

– xvi –
Cockayne Memorial Fund.
Dr.
£ s. d.
To Administration Exs. 0 5 0
" Balance 301 3 1
£301 8 1
Cr.
£ s. d.
By Capital Invested 249 12 0
" Balance Revenue A/c. at 31/3/47 40 5 4
" Interest 11 10 9
£ 301 8 1
By Balance Capital A/c. £249 12 0
" Balance Revenue A/c. £51 11 1
Carter Library Legacy.
Dr.
£ s. d.
To Administration Exs. 0 12 6
" Balance 188 4 6
£188 17 0
Cr.
£ s. d.
By Capital Invested 162 19 0
" Balance Revenue A/c. at 31/3/47 19 13 9
" Interest 6 4 3
£188 17 0
By Balance Capital A/c. £162 19 0
" Balance Revenue A/c. £25 5 6
Hamilton Memorial Fund.
Dr.
£ s. d.
To Administration Exs. 0 5 0
" Balance 82 9 5
£82 14 5
Cr.
£ s. d.
By Capital Inv. in P.O. Savings Bank 76 1 2
" Balance Revenue A/c. at 31/3/47 4 8 3
" Interest
Half to Cap. 1 2 6
Half to Rev. 1 2 6
2 5 0
£82 14 5
By Balance Capital A/c. £77 3 8
" Balance Revenue A/c. £1 5 9
" Prize being held £4 0 0
Endowment Fund.
Dr.
£ s. d.
To Administration Exs. 1 8 0
" Balance 2,617 3 2
£2,618 11 2
Cr.
£ s. d.
By Capital Inv. and in P.O. Savings Bank 2,129 2 5
" Balance Revenue A/c. at 31/3/47 381 13 8
" Interest 75 12 0
" Interest General A/c. 32 3 1
£2,618 11 2
By Balance Capital A/c. £2,129 2 5
" Balance Rev. A/c. £488 0 9
– xvii –

Amendment of Act: Annual Grant. On the motion of Dr. Archey, seconded by Professor Richardson, it was resolved that the Standing Committee be requested to present the details of the finances of the Society, with a view to having “The Royal Society of New Zealand Act, 1933,” amended to provide statutory authority for the whole of the grant.

Binding Grant. In reply to a question, the Hon. Librarian was informed that the annual grant of £50 as a reserve for binding would be transferred to the Library Account.

Research Grant. On the motion of Dr. Focken it was resolved that £50 be voted from income for research for the current year.

Hon. Editor's Report. The Hon. Editor, Dr. Henderson, attended the meeting and presented his report for the year. He pointed out that there had been considerable delay in the printing of the Transactions, and in the discussion which ensued it was apparent that delays in printing were not confined to the Transactions. Certain suggestions were made by members regarding the matter. It was stated that the scientific readers employed by the Otago Daily Times Company were excellent and made the Hon. Editor's work much lighter than might otherwise be the case. Dr. Henderson intimated that he wished to retire from the office of Honorary Editor, but he was prepared to see the current volume through the press.

The President stated that knowing the reasons for Dr. Henderson's intended resignation he could not urge him to reconsider it. He expressed the Council's deep indebtedness to Dr. Henderson for his valuable work as Honorary Editor and its appreciation of the worry that the delay in the printing had and was causing him.

On the motion of Dr. Marwick, the Honorary Editor's report was adopted and a very cordial vote of thanks was accorded to Dr. Henderson by acclamation.

Report of Honorary Editor.

During the year ended 31st March, 1948, Parts 3 and 4 of Volume 76 of the Transactions were issued (Part 1 of Volume 77 appeared in April, 1948). In addition, portions of the Special Congress Volume covering the Science Congress of last May were set up, a work now proceeding.

There has been much delay in getting the printing done and the Transactions and Special Volume are much overdue.

In last year's report the papers of Volume 76 were tabulated according to the subject matter, but as only Part 1 of Volume 77 has been published the classification of papers will have to be deferred until next year's report.

The number of manuscripts submitted for publication in the Transactions during the year was as follows:—

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In Part 1, Volume 77 14
In hand approved by referees 29
Returned to authors for revision 3
With referees 2
Declined 3
Total 51

Sincere thanks are tendered to referees who carried out this work, so conscientiously.

Science Congress Manuscripts.

In addition to the addresses of the chairmen of the several sections, the papers presented at the Science Congress last May comprised:—

– xviii –
Physical Sciences 33
Chemical Sciences 10
Botanical Sciences 32
Zoological Sciences 25
Geological Sciences 22
Geographical Sciences 3
Medical Sciences 10
Social Sciences 19
Ethnological Sciences 14
Technological Sciences 12
Animal Production 15

Papers in the Geography and Ethnology Sections were intended for publication elsewhere than in the Transactions of this Society and the same statement applies to a number of papers in other sections. Abstracts only of a considerable number of other papers have been supplied. Nevertheless, it will be quite impossible to publish in full all those remaining. Thanks are sincerely tendered to those who have assisted in the ungrateful task of deciding what papers should be published.

J. H. Henderson

, Hon. Editor.
4th May. 1948.

Hon. Librarian's Report. On the motion of Professor Richardson, seconded by Mr. Buchanan, the report of the Honorary Librarian was adopted.

Report of the Honorary Librarian.

Accessions for the year total 1,342 volumes or parts of volumes, on the basis of 221 exchanges. The previous exchange list has been largely re-established, with the exception of German, Japanese, and Malayan journals and some of those from countries now under Russian control.

There have been 649 loans. of which 130 were postal.

No suitable person replied to the advertisement of the post of Library Assistant, and Miss Wood still carries the load of Library affairs in addition to her many other duties. With the resumption of exchanges, the need for assistance is greater than in recent years.

Valuable work was done by trainees from the National Library School. Two trainees spent some weeks revising the cataloguing of English titles for the Harris Catalogue and in doing this brought much of the Society's catalogue up to date.

A stand with 240 divisions for the holding of current volumes has been placed in the Library. This saves some floor space and in addition gives greater protection to these volumes. Approximately 150 feet of shelving is under construction and should permit the clearing of all volumes from the floor as well as giving space on existing shelves.

The advertisement of several works during the past year has shown the desirability of making provision in the Society's funds for the purchase of some publications not available on exchange. These would consist for the most part of individual volumes of particular New Zealand or Pacific significance. There is no such provision at the present time.

L. R. Richardson

, Hon. Librarian.
5th May, 1948.

It was pointed out that there was no provision in the rules of the Society for the purchase of any books for the Library, and on the motion of Professor Richardson, seconded by Dr. Salmon, it was resolved: “That the Library Committee be empowered to purchase books to a value of not more than £15 per annum without further authorisation.”

The matter of appointing assistance in the Library was referred to the Standing Committee with power to act.

National Art Gallery and Dominion Museum. The report of the representatives on the Board of Trustees of the National Art Gallery and Dominion Museum was adopted.

National Art Gallery and Dominion Museum Board of Trustees. Report of Representatives of Society.

Dr. R. A. Falla has been appointed Director of the Museum in succession to Dr. W. R. B. Oliver.

– xix –

Practically no action has been taken in regard to the renovation of the galleries of the building.

Action has been constantly urged, but it is now stated that there is some difference of opinion as to the surface treatment that the walls should be given.

The Government Architect has now reported on the matter to the Prime Minister, and it is expected that the matter will be dealt with at the meeting that has been called for Friday, May 14, 1948.

P. Marshall
W. P. Evans


Representatives on the Board of Trustees.

Professor Richardson stated that during the last twelve months little actual constructional work had been done to restore the Museum to public use, and he doubted if it would be ready for another two years. Dr. Falla said that within the last week at a meeting of the Board of Trustees the Prime Minister had given an assurance that the work would be speeded up. After many expressions of disappointment that the Museum was still denied to the public, on the motion of Mr. Pyeroft, seconded by Mr. Callaghan, it was resolved: “That this Council urges the Government to complete the restoration of the Museum in order that it may be ready for the Royal visit and the Pacific Science Congress by the end of this calendar year.”

Tongariro National Park Board. On the motion of Professor Richardson, the report of the representative on the Tongariro National Park Board (Dr. P. Marshall) was adopted.

Tongariro National Park Board—Report of Representative.

The Park Board has held only one meeting during the year.

The following rest houses have been approved:—

The Aorangi Club has erected a reconstructed army hut 300 yards south-east of the Salt hut.

The Tongariro Club has a temporary hut one mile south of the Salt hut.

No definite observations have been made on the growth of heather on the north-west side of the Park, but a member of the Board says that it “seemed to be increasing.” The white heather that was once very abundant on the north-east side is definitely decreasing, though outside the Park itself it has increased.

The Chateau is expected to open in June.

The present activity at Ngaruhoe, which is really its normal condition, has not affected the Chateau.

P. Marshall

,
10th May. 1948.Representative on Park Board

Great Barrier Reef Committee. Dr. Oliver moved the adoption of his report as representative on the Great Barrier Reef Committee, seconded by Mr. Pycroft, and carried.

Great Barrier Reef Committec—Report of Representative.

Two meetings of the Committee were held in 1947.

Messrs. O. A. Jones and W. Boardman visited the reef in the s.s. Cape Leeuwin calling at a number of islands. Their report to the Committee states that there were eight distinct types of islands in the reef and these types have a definite geographical distribution.

Mr. Rayner gave an account to the Committee of the application of geophysical methods to the problems of the Great Barrier Reef.

A letter was forwarded to the Commonwealth Government pointing out the value of a geophysical survey of the reef. A reply was received stating that some investigations would be carried out in 1948.

Professor H. C. Richards, Chairman of the Committee since its inauguration, died during the year. Dr. E. O. Marks was appointed Chairman, and Professor W. H. Bryan deputy Chairman.

The University of Queensland was establishing on Heron Island a marine biology station. The work was well under way.

The financial statement shows a balance of £1.772 13s Id, of which £1,300 is in bonds.

W. R. B. Oliver

,
3rd May, 1948.Representative on Committee.

– xx –

Carter Observatory Board. The report of the two representatives on the Carter Observatory Board (Dr. M. A. F. Barnett and Mr. C. G. G. Berry) was on the motion of Mr. Callaghan, seconded by Dr. Focken, adopted.

Carter Observatory Board—Report of Representatives.

Ten meetings of the Carter Observatory Board were held during the year, at which routine business was conducted.

Increases in the grants from the Government and the Wellington City Council of £500 and £250 respectively now bring the annual income of the Board up to a little over £2,000. This enabled the Board to advertise for an observatory assistant, and Mr. K. D. Adams, of Dunedin, was appointed. The staff now consists of a director, an assistant. and a clerical assistant.

Instruments, buildings and grounds have been maintained in good order. Ventilation of the outer walls appears to have reduced the general dampness which previously existed in the building.

Public attendances at the Observatory have continued to be good and there is no evidence of general public interest decreasing.

Research work at the Observatory, as in previous years, has been concentrated primarily on solar observations. As a result of correlations with radio propagation phenomena, the Director has been issuing forecasts of disturbances in reception conditions to the Post and Telegraph and National Broadcasting Departments. This work is still in the developmental stage, but results to date show good promise. Work on co-ordination of auroral observations has been continued.

M. A. F. Barnett
C. G. G. Berry


6th May, 1948,Representatives on Carter Observatory
Board.

Research Grantees. On the motion of Dr. Archey, the reports of the research grantees were adopted.

Report of Research Grantees.

Misses E. J. Batham and B. T. Brewin, who were granted £15 in 1944 for research on the plankton and coastal rock fauna at Portobello Marine Biological Station, reported on 10th April, 1948, that for the time being the research at Portobello is completed and the work is being carried on within University departments, so that no more funds from the grant will be required.

The unexpended portion of the grant amounts to £3 9s 10d.

Dr. L. H. Briggs, who in 1943 and 1945 was granted an amount of £96 3s 2d for research on essential oils of New Zealand plants and for the purchase of a hydrophil balance, reported on the 4th May that the research for which the balance had been obtained has now been completed. He states that Professor Llewellyn, of the Chemistry Department in the Auckland University College, is willing to purchase the instrument for teaching purposes at the undergraduate level at the cost price, and he asks permission to transfer the balance accordingly and use the purchase money towards further equipment and chemicals for use in research on plant products.

Dr. Briggs reports that new compounds have been isolated and work on their constitution is in progress. In collaboration with other institutions the physiological properties of a number are being examined. Some show promise as antibiotics in general and one compound specifically against the tubercle bacillus; some are being tested as anti-cancer compounds, while others may have an effect on the blood capillaries.

The following work has been published and reference made to the assistance given by the Royal Society of New Zealand: (1) Liverside Research Lectures— “Plant Products of New Zealand,” Proc. Roy. Soc. N.S. Wales, 1946, vol. 80 (L. H. Briggs); (2) “The Occurrence of Isophyllocladene in the Essential Oil of Araucaria excelsa,” Jour. Soc. Chem. Ind., 1947, vol. 66 (L. H. Briggs and W. I. Taylor); (3) “The Essential Oils of Dacrydium Kirkii,” Jour. Org. Chem., 1947, vol. 12 (L. H. Briggs and W. I. Taylor); (4) “A Terpene-type Essential Oil from a Fern (Paesia scaberula),” Nature, 1947, vol. 160 (L. H. Briggs and M. D. Sutherland); (5) “The Essential Oil of Phyllocladus trichomanoides,” Jour. Org. Chem., 1948, vol. 13 (L. H. Briggs and M. D. Sutherland).

Five more papers on various aspects of the plant products of New Zealand have also been submitted for publication.

– xxi –

In addition, the grants are being used for the following specific problems: (1) The mode of union of the sugars in the Solanum alkaloids; (2) Colouring matters of Coprosma lucida, Rhamnus alaternum and Melicope ternata; (3) The constitution of Piperitone Dimer from Eucalyptus oils; (4) The essential oil of Macropiper excelsum, Podocarpus spicatus, and the diterpenes from Podocarpus ferrugineus; (5) The constitution of Solasodine and Solmargidine.

Fundamental work on the absorption spectra, dissociation constants and polarographic behaviour is also being carried out on anthraquinone compounds as a further basis for constitutional work on the colouring matters of Coprosma species.

Dr. Briggs expresses his sincere thanks to the Royal Society for its assistance in the above researches.

Mr. R. W. Green was granted £25 on the 24th June, 1947, for the purchase of a platinum crucible to enable him to carry out research on the adsorption of water vapour by the protein constituents of Collagen and Elastin.

He reports that the crucible has arrived and will be well taken care of and labelled with the Society's name.

Reports from Hutton Grantees.

Professor B. J. Marples, who in 1945 was granted £20 for research in vertebrate palaeontology at Duntroon, reported that owing to his absence in England for seven months no field work has been carried out and he would like the grants for another year.

Miss L. B. Moore was granted £12 in 1943 and an additional amount for the purchase of certain books. She has reported that the books she had hoped to obtain had already been sold by the time her letter ordering them had reached England, but she hopes to be able to obtain them later.

Mr. M. Te Punga, who in 1946 was granted £30 for work in connection with geological aspects of palaeo-botany and petrography, reported on the 10th March that spore preparations from the Kaitangata coal-measures are being examined and the results appear to be quite satisfactory.

The balance in hand, namely £5 13s 9d, is being held pending the arrival of a special counting chamber and a mechanical stage from overseas.

Dr. K. Wodzicki and Mr. C. A. Fleming, who in 1947 were granted £30 for a census of the gannet colonies in New Zealand, reported on the 14th April, 1948, that they had found no cause to draw upon the grant as all the air photographs were supplied without expense and all the voluntary helpers in the census have agreed to undertake personally such expenses as have been incurred in visiting various gannetries. The field work for the 1946–47 census had been completed before the grant was made. A number of problems relating to the breeding biology of the gannet arising from the census project can be solved only by repeated visits. There are problems concerned with the role of unemployed birds, the variation in nesting success, and the causes of the high mortality in eggs and chicks observed in 1947. Dr. Wodzicki proposes to undertake further field work in coming seasons at Cape Kidnappers in collaboration with the Rev. F. H. Robertson, of Havelock North. and the grantees ask that the grant should be transferred to them for this purpose.

Mr. L. E. Richdale, who was granted £30 for a gannet census at Solander Island, has not yet reported.

On the motion of Dr. Briggs the application from Mr. C. A. Fleming and Dr. Wodzicki that the Hutton grant of £30 be transferred from them to Dr. Wodzicki and the Rev. F. H. Robertson for field work on the gannet colony at Cape Kidnappers was approved.

Hutton Grants. It was resolved that the Standing Committee be authorised to grant the application from Dr. Greta B. Cone for £50 for work on plankton organisms and larger fungi after further satisfactory investigation.

The application of Mr. M. H. Batty for £30 for an investigation of the igneous rocks and general geology of Cape Karikari area was approved.

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Amendment to Hutton Rules. Notice of Motion having been given at the last Annual Meeting, it was resolved, on the motion of Dr. Archey, seconded by Dr. Briggs: “That the rules under which the Hutton Memorial Fund is administered be amended by the deletion of Rule 11 and the substitution therefor of the following new Rule 11, by the insertion of the following new Rule 12, and by renumbering the succeeding Rules:–

  • “11. The Council may at any Annual Meeting appoint a Hutton Fund Research Grants Committee to consider applications for research grants from the Fund and to report thereon to the Standing Committee which shall have the power after considering such reports to make immediate grants on behalf of the Council.

    12. Written applications for such grants shall be made to the Secretary, who on the first day of February, May, August, and November, shall forward applications received during the previous three months to the convener of the Research Grants Committee. In the event of no Hutton Research Grants Committee having been appointed, applications shall be held for decision by the Council at the next Annual Meeting.”

Science Congresses. The recommendation by the Standing Committee that the next Science Congress be held in 1950 and that subsequent Congresses be held every three years was approved.

On the motion of Dr. Salmon, seconded by Professor Williams, it was resolved that £50 be allocated each year for Science Congress administration. A suggestion that the Annual Meeting of the Council should not be held at the same time as the Science Congress sessions was referred to the Standing Committee when arranging dates of Annual Meetings.

It was decided to defer deciding where the next Congress should be held until next Annual Meeting.

Pacific Science Congress. The Secretary-General, Dr. Archey, reported progress in regard to the Seventh Pacific Science Congress. He stated that Government invitations had been sent out to the countries concerned and invitations to scientific organisations had been issued by the Organizing Committee and acceptances were now coming to hand.

Dr. Archey said he had every confidence in asking members of the Council to co-operate to the full and to do their utmost to give priority in their work to the programme requirements of the Congress.

The President thanked Dr. Archey for his report and stated that the Council was extremely fortunate in the appointment of Dr. Archey as Secretary-General of the Congress.

Official Delegates. It was resolved that Member Bodies be invited to make nominations according to their representation on the Council and that, the Standing Committee make the appointments.

U.N.E.S.C.O. It was announced that the Minister had approved the applications of the Society to be recognised as a National Co-operating Body and that as such it was entitled to make nominations to the National Commission of U.N.E.S.C.O. On the motion of Dr. Briggs,

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seconded by Professor Richardson, Dr. R. A. Falla and Dr. G. Archey were nominated as members of the Commission.

Wild Life Control. There was no report from the Wild Life Control Committee. Dr. Archey referred to the Society's recommendation that a Wild Life Advisory Council be set up, but no definite action could yet be reported in regard to this suggestion. The Department of Scientific and Industrial Research and the Department of Internal Affairs were, however, actively pursuing the policy of wild life research at the present time.

Waipoua Forest. The sub-committee set up by the Standing Committee to report on Waipoua Forest and the position regarding reserved areas for the preservation of native flora and fauna forwarded a report signed by a majority of its members. Dr. Oliver, one of the members of the committee which presented the report, stated that he could not support it and he outlined the points on which he differed from the other members of the committee. Dr. Archey, who had had an opportunity to glance through the report, supported Dr. Oliver and said that Waipoua Forest was the last great stand of kauri, and he urged its preservation, not only 3,000 acres as recommended in the report; he considered it should be under the administration of a Park Board; the work that was being done was experimental and experiment may destroy the forest. Other members of the Council opposed some of the findings of the report. On the motion of Dr. Archey, the full report was referred to the Member Bodies for full consideration and report.

At this stage, to relieve the President, the Vice-President took the chair.

World Calendar. The Otago Branch again brought forward the question of Calendar Reform, stating that it is in full agreement with the movement of the World Calendar Association to establish a World Calendar. Dr. Focken outlined the special advantages of the proposed World Calendar, and on his motion, seconded by Professor Williams, it was resolved to intimate to the World Calendar Association, to the Prime Minister, and to the Leader of the Opposition that the Royal Society of New Zealand is in favour of Calendar Reform as proposed by the World Calendar Association.

Notices of Motion. On the motion of Mr. Buchanan, seconded by Dr. Archey, it was resolved: “That this Council accept the intimation of the Hawke's Bay Branch of the Royal Society of New Zealand, otherwise known as the Royal Society of New Zealand (Hawke's Bay Branch) and formerly known as the Hawke's Bay Philosophical Institute that it proposes to assign its property assets and functions to an incorporated body to be formed under ‘The Incorporated Societies' Act, 1908,’ and known as the Hawke's Bay Branch of the Royal Society of New Zealand Incorporated and that this Council approves such procedure in principle and will admit such incorporated society (when formed) to membership of the Royal Society of New Zealand and will, on production of a resolution of a general meeting of the Hawke's Bay Branch of the Royal Society of New Zealand assigning its functions to such incorporated society, and resolving on its own dissolution, recognise the incorporate body as the immediate successor in all respects of the said unincorporated body.”

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On the motion of Dr. Briggs, seconded by Dr. Focken, it was resolved: “That the Standing Committee be asked to consider the possibility of issuing to members of the Council the agenda for meetings of the Standing Committee ten days prior to the meetings and that matters of importance be set out in greater detail.”

Election of Officers. The following officers were elected:

President, Dr. R. A. Falla.

Vice-President, Mr. F. R. Callaghan.

Hon. Treasurer, Mr. S. Cory Wright.

Hon. Editor, Dr. J. Henderson. (The Standing Committee was given authority to appoint Dr. Henderson's successor when Dr. Henderson wishes to resign.)

Hon. Librarian, Professor L. R. Richardson.

Co-opted Member, Dr. J. Marwick.

Representative on N.Z. Institute of Horticulture, Dr. W. R. B. Oliver.

Representative on Great Barrier Reef Committee, Dr. W. R. B. Oliver.

Representative on Tongariro National Park Board: Dr. P. Marshall.

Representatives on Observatories' Committee: referred to Standing Committee for report, with power to appoint Professors Florance and Burbidge.

Election of Committees. The following were elected:

Hector Award Committee: Dr. L. H. Briggs (Convener), Professor W. P. Evans, Dr. Le Fave.

Fellowship Selection Committee: Dr. J. Marwick, Mr. B. C. Aston, Dr. R. A. Falla, Dr. L. H. Briggs, Dr. D. B. Macleod.

Library Committee: The Hon. Librarian, Professor C. A. Cotton, Professor W. P. Evans, Dr. H. H. Allan.

Wild Life Committee: Dr. W. R. B. Oliver, Dr. H. H. Allan, Dr. G. Archey. Dr. R. A. Falls, Mr. L. E. Richdale, Mr. E. F. Stead.

Hutton Grants Committee: Dr. R. A. Falla (Convener), Dr. H. H. Allan. Dr. J. Marwick.

Nominations Committee: Dr. G. Archey, Dr. R. A. Falla, Dr. H. H. Allan, Mr. J. D. H. Buchanan, Dr. L. H. Briggs, Professor J. G. Williams.

Votes of Thanks. On the motion of Dr. Archey, seconded by Mr. Pycroft, a cordial vote of thanks was passed to Victoria College Council for the use of the Council Room and to the Secretary of Scientific and Industrial Research for the use of the Council room for Standing Committee meetings.

Votes of thanks were also accorded to the Press and the Secretary, Miss M. Wood.

On the motion of Dr. Archey the warm thanks of the Council were conveyed to the President and the Vice-President for their conduct of the meeting.

Next Annual Meeting. Left in hands of Standing Committee to arrange date and place.

Travelling Expenses. It was resolved that travelling expenses be paid.

The meeting closed at 6.30 p.m.

Confirmed Standing Committee meeting,
10th June, 1948.