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Volume 79, 1951

Transactions
and
Proceedings
of the
Royal Society of New Zealand

Vol. 79

(Quarterly Issue)

Part 1, June, 1951

Edited and Published under the Authority of the Council of the Royal Society of New Zealand

Issued June, 1951

The Royal Society of N.Z., Secretary's Office, Victoria University College, Wellington, W.1, N.Z.

Dunedin, N.Z.

Otago Daily Times and Witness Newspapers Co., Ltd.

London Agents:

High Commissioner for New Zealand, 415 Strand, London, W.C.2.

Messrs. Wheldon & Wesley, Ltd., 2, 3 & 4 Earnshaw St., New Oxford St., London, W.C.2.

Contents
Volume 79, Part 1

Zoology Pages
The Structure and Adaptations of the New Zealand Vermetidae
  Part 1. The Genus Serpulorbis 119
  Part 2. The Genera Stephopoma and Pyxipoma 2042
  Part 3. Novastoa lamellosa and Its Affinities 4351
    By J. E. Morton
An Index of the Rotifers in the C. B. Morris Collection of Microscope Slides at the Cawthron Institute, Nelson
    By C. R. Russell 5254
The Hypocreales of New Zealand. I
    By Joan M. Dingley 5561
Ascidians of New Zealand. Part 6. Ascidians of the Hauraki Gulf. Part 2
    By Beryl I. Brewin 104113
Some Australasian Mollusea in the British Museum (Natural History)
    By C. A. Fleming 126139
Remarks on the Blood-vascular System of the Frog Leiopelma hochstetteri Fitzinger
    By Henryk Szarski 140147
Geology
Hornblende Andesite Rocks from Solander Island
    By J. J. Reed 119125
Botany
Flora and Vegetation of the Caswell and George Sounds District
    By A. L. Poole 6283
Notes on New Zealand Algae
    By V. J. Chapman 8486
A Note Upon a New Zealand Species of Pylaiella
    By V. J. Chapman and Margaret P. Ambler 114118
Climatology
Thornthwaite's New System of Climate Classification In Its Application to New Zealand
    By B. J. Garnier 87103
Proceedings
Annual Meetings, 1949, 1950 ilxxv
Obituaries
James Park 148151
Patrick Marshall 152155

List of Plates

Caption Plate number
Serpulorbis zelandicus. Plate 1
Serpulorbis zelandicus. Plate 2
Serpulorbis sipho (Lamk.). Mature shell. South Australia. Plate 3
Stephopoma roseum. Plate 4
Stephopoma roseum. Plate 5
Pyxipoma weldii. Plate 6
Vermicularia spirata. Plate 7
Novastoa lamellosa. Plate 8
Novastoa lamellosa. Plate 9
The Hypocreales of New Zealand. Plate 10
Locality Map and Geological Setting of Solander Islands. Plate 11
Fig. 2: Solander Island, western side.
Fig. 3: “Little Solander,” north-west side.
Plate 12
Fig. 4: Solander Island with Islet (“Little Solander”) on right.
Fig. 5: Eastern foreshore, Solander Island.
Plate 13
Fig. 6: Wooded ridge to summit of Solander Island.
Fig. 7: Eastern side of Solander Island, showing precipitous nature of shore.
Plate 14
Fig. 1: Nucula nitidula A. Adams. Holotype.
Fig. 2: Nuculana fastidiosa (A. Adams). Holotype.
Fig. 3: Nucula castanea A. Adams. Lectotype.
Fig. 4: Pecten novaezelandiae novaezelandiae Reeve. Lectotype.
Plate 15
Fig. 1: Pecten meridionalis Tate.
Fig. 2: Pecten modestus Reeve, Syntype.
Plate 16
Figs. 1 and 2: Exterior and interior views of left
Figs. 3 and 4: and right valves of lectotype of Pecten medius Lamarck.
Plate 17
Fig. 1: Pecten modestus Reeve.
Fig. 2: Pecten modestus Reeve. Lectotype.
Fig. 3: Micrelenchus sanguineus sanguineus (Gray). Holotype.
Fig. 4: Axymene traversi aucklandica (Smith). Lectotype
Plate 18
Fig. 1: Nucula castanea A. Adams.
Fig. 2: Nucula nitidula A. Adams.
Fig. 3: Micrelenchus sanguineus sanguineus (Gray).
Figs. 4, 5: Chalmys gemmulata gemmulata (Reeve). Lectotype.
Plate 19
Figs. 1 and 2: Hunkydora australica australica (Reeve). Holotype.
Figs. 3–5: Hunkydora australica novozelandica
Fig. 6: “Mangelia” goodingi (Smith). Holotype.
Fig. 7: Neoguraleus finlayi Powell.
Fig. 8: Neoguraleus amoenus (Smith). Holotype.
Plate 20
Fig. 5—Southern end of coastal lowland near Paekakariki.
Fig. 6—Coastal Section. Section 1 (map, Fig. 1)
Fig. 7—Coastal Section. Section 4 (map, Fig. 1)
Fig. 8—Coastal Section. Section 5 (map, Fig. 1).
Plate 21
James Park. Obituary Notice: James Park
Patrick Marshall Obituary Notice: Patrick Marshall
Section of perithecium and spores. Plate 22
Section of perithecium and spores. Plate 23
Section of perithecium and spores. Plate 24
Section of perithecium and spores. Plate 25
Fig. 1—Cristivomer namaycush. Lake Pearson, Canterbury.
Fig. 2—Vomer of Salvelinus fontinalis.
Fig. 3—Vomer of Cristivomer namaycush.
Plate 26
Geological Map of North Island New Zealand Plate 27
Geological Map of South Island New Zealand Plate 28
New Zealand North Island Showing Structural Trend Lines. Plate 29
New Zealand South Island Showing Structural Trend Lines. Plate 30
Geological Map of the Waiapu Subdivision Plate 31
Plate 32
Plate 33
Plate 34
Plate 35
Geological map of the Mandamus-Pahau area. Plate 36
Fig. 2: Hand specimen of analysed syenite.
Fig. 3: Hand specimen of igneous breccia.
Plate 37
A. T.S. stem of seedling showing leaf traces.
B. T.S. bark of mature plant showing living and lignified phloem, lignified and non-lignified cortical cells, phelloderm and lenticel.
C. T.S. bark from subterranean root, Shows cork, phelloderm, lignified zone, and living phloem.
Plate 38
A. T.S. secondary xylem of stem, showing one annual ring.
B. L.S. secondary xylem of stem showing multiseriate and uniseriate rays.
C. T.S. secondary xylem of exposed root showing one annual ring.
D. T.S. secondary xylem of buried root.
Plate 39
Fig. 1—Ovipositor of Netelia (diagrammatic).
Fig. 2—Netelia productus. Lateral view of abdomen.
Fig. 3—Netelia ephippiatus. Lateral view of abdomen.
Plate 40
Fig. 4—Netelia productus. Fore and hind-wings.
Fig. 5—Graphical representation of Nervellus ratios for N. productus and N. ephippiatus.
Plate 41
Fig. 6—Nervellus of hind-wing of N. ephippiatus.
Fig. 7—Nervellus of hind-wing of N. productus.
Fig. 8—Areolet of fore-wing in N. preductus.
Fig. 9—Areolet of fore-wing in N. ephippiatus
Plate 42
Fig. 10—Seasonal distribution of N. ephippiatus.
Fig. 11—Seasonal distribution of N. productus.
Plate 43
Plate 44
Fig. 2—Mt. Aubrey (left), Mt. Manaia (centre) and Mt. Stewart (right) looking north from near McGregor's wool-shed, Urquharts Bay.
Fig. 3—Bream Head Busby Head Range from Mt. Manaia.
Fig. 4—Parua Bay, showing “bottle-neck” entrance, from top of Mt. Manaia.
Plate 45
Fig. 5—Storm-wave platform, cut in dacite, Smugglers Bay.
Fig. 6—Uplifted Boulder Beach, south-west Lions Head.
Fig. 7—Otamatea Sandstone Concretions, Urquarts Bay.
Plate 46
Fig. 8—Basal Onerahi Conglomerate, south end Ocean Beach.
Fig. 9—Clastic Dyke, near Urquarts Bay Wharf,
Fig. 10—Whangarei Sandstone, middle of McLoeds Bay.
Plate 47
Fig. 11—Argillite “Dyke” in Anuesite.
Fig. 12—“Natural Jetty,” Taurikura Bay.
Fig. 13—Photomicrograph of Globigerinal limestone (Whangarei).
Plate 48
Fig. 14—Photomicrograph of Pleistocene Sandstone, Smugglers Bay.
Fig. 15—Photomicrograph of limburgite from boulders near Pukenamu Hill.
Fig. 16—Photomicrograph of granodiorite-porphyry, from near Peach Cove.
Plate 49
Fig. 1—Yabeina multiseptata (Deprat), 1914. Axial section.
Fig. 2—Y. multiseptata.
Fig. 3—Yabeina sp. Sagittal excentric section, slightly oblique.
Fig. 4—Verbeekina sp.
Fig. 5—Neoschwagerina margaritae.
Plate 50
Fig. 1—Hypocrea farinosa: (a) Section of perithecia. (b) Ascus. (c) Spores.
Fig. 2—H. citrina: (a) Section of stroma showing perithecia. (b) Spores.
Fig. 3—H. hunua: (a) Section of stroma showing perithecia; (b) Ascus; (c) Spores.
Fig. 4—H. macrospora: (a) Section and surface view of stroma; (b) Spores.
Plate 51
Fig. 1—H. schweinitzii: (a) Section of stroma; (b) Spores.
Fig. 2—H. vinosa: (a) Section and surface view of stroma; (b) Ascus; (c) Spores.
Fig. 3—H. coprosma: (a) Section and surface view; (b) Ascus; (c) Spores.
Fig. 4—H. rufa: (a) Section and surface view of stroma; (b) Spores.
Fig. 5—H. patella: (a) Section and surface view of stroma; (b) Spores.
Plate 52
Fig. 1—H. tawa: (a) Section of perithecia; (b) Spores.
Fig. 2—H. jecorina: (a) Section of perithecia; (b) Spores.
Fig. 3—H. gelatinosa: (a) Section of perithecia; (b) Spores.
Fig. 4—H. novae-zealandica: (a) Section of perithecia; (b) Spores.
Plate 53
Fig. 1—H. toro: (a) Section and surface view of stroma; (b) Ascus; (c) Spores.
Fig. 2—H. manuka: (a) Section and surface view of stroma; (b) Ascus; (c) Spores.
Fig. 3—H. colensoi: (a) Section and surface view of stroma; (b) Section of perithecia; (c) Spores.
Plate 54
Coopers Beach from south-east end. Plate 55
Location of Mangonui. Plate 56
Fig. 1—Avicennia officinalis leaf crineum.
Fig. 4—Calystegia leaf pouch gall.
Fig. 6—Eriophyid leaf and bud galls on Nothofagus cliffortioides.
Plate 57
Fig. 2—Aceria avicenniae Plate 58
Vasates calystegiae Plate 59
Aceria carmichaeliae. Plate 60
Aceria clianthi. Plate 61
Eriophyes hoheriae. Plate 62
Fig. 9—Eriophyid gall on Carmichaelia subulate.
Fig. 10—Witches’ brooms on Clianthus puniceus.
Fig. 11—Hoheria populnea Eriophyid stem gall.
Fig. 14—Witches’ brooms on Leptospermum scoparium.
Plate 63
Aceria manukae Plate 64
Phyllocoptes coprosmae. Plate 65
Fig. 15—Eriophyid galls on Coprosma propinqua.
Fig. 16—Coprosma robusta leaf erineum.
Fig. 17—Caprosma robusta Eviophyid fruid gall.
Fig. 18—Vitex lucens leaf erineum.
Plate 66
Fig. 19—Hebe salicifolia Cecidomyid stem galls
Fig. 20—Hebe salicifolia Coccid leaf galls.
Plate 67
Phthirocoris mirabilis n.sp., ♀. Plate 68
Phthirocoris mirabilis n.sp., ♂. Plate 69
Phthirocoris antarcticus Enderlein. Plate 70
Corybas saprophyticus Hh. Plate 71
Caleana minor. Plate 72
Spiranthes sinensis, natural size. Plate 73
Orthoceras strictum, natural size. Plate 74
Th. longifolia. The first illustration (c. 1769). Plate 75
Th. carnea imberbis. Plate 76
A. Th. venosa typica. Column from side.
B. Th. venosa typica. Column from back.
C. Th. venosa typica. Column from front.
D. Th. venosa cedricsmithii. Column from back.
E. Th. venosa cedricsmithii. Column from front.
F. Th. venosa cyana. Column from back.
G. Th. venosa cyanea. Column from side.
H. Th. venosa cyanea. Column from front.
J. Th. matthewsii. Calli in sinus of lateral lobes.
K. Th. matthewsii. Column from side.
L. Th. matthewsii. Column from front.
M. Th. pulchella. Column from side.
Plate 77
A. Th. pulchella. Column from back.
B. Th. pulchella. Column from front.
C. Th. pulchella. Column from half front.
D. Th. carnea imberbis. Column from front.
E. Th. carnea imberbis. Column from side.
F. Th. carnea imberbis. Column from above.
G. Th. ixioides typica. Column from side.
H. Th. ixioides typica. Column from front.
I. Th. aemula. Column from side.
K. Th. aemula. Column from back.
L. Th. aemula. Column from front.
M. Th. aemula. Column from above.
Plate 78
A. Th. decora. Column from side.
B. Th. decora. Column from front.
C. Th. decora. Column from back.
D. Th. pachyphylla. Column from side.
E. Th. pachyphylla. Column from back.
F. Th. pachyphylla. Column from front.
G. Th. pachyphylla. Column from above.
H. Th. pachyphylla. Top of column from half back.
J. Th. caesia. Column from front.
K. Th. caesia. Column from side.
L. Th. caesia. Column from back.
M. Th. aristata. Column from side.
N. Th. aristata. Column from front.
Plate 79
A. Th. aristata. Column from back.
B. Th. longifolia forsteri. Column from front.
C. Th. longifolia forstert. Column from side.
D. Th. longifolia forsteri. Column from above.
E. Th. longifolia forsteri. Secondary cilia.
F. Th. longifolia stenopetala. Column from side.
G. Th. longifolia stenopetala. Column from back.
I. Th. longifolia stenopetala. Secondary cilia.
J. Th. longifolia intermedia. Secondary cilia.
K. Th. pauciflora. Column from side.
L. Th. pauciflora. Column from front.
M. Th. pauciflora. Column from half front.
Plate 80
A. Th. pauciflora. Column from above.
B. Th. sanscilia. Column from side.
C. Th. sanscilia. Column from half front.
D. Th. sanscilia. Column from back.
E. Th. sanscilia. Column from above.
F. Th. pachyphylla (South Island Jordanon) from an upper (Immature) bud.
G. Th. pachyphylla from a lower bud on the same plant, showing of differences in column form during development.
H. Th. acmula. Diagrammatic section of column, showing arrangement of parts.
Plate 81
Fig. 1—Calonectria novae-zealandiae.
Fig. 2—Calonectria ochraceo-pallida.
Plate 82
Fig. 1—Gibberella macrolopha. Section through perithecia.
Fig. 2—Canker on Coprosma robusta with perithecia of Gibberella macrolopha.
Fig. 3—G. macrolopha.
Fig. 4—G. pulivaris.
Fig. 5—G. zeae.
Fig. 6—G. baccala.
Plate 83
Fig. 1—Condylocardia mernoo n.sp. Holotype. 1.1 × 1.3 mm.
Figs. 2, 5—Perrierina subquadrangula n.sp. Holotype.
Fig. 3—Mysella hounselli (Powell).
Fig. 4—Mysella morioria n.sp. Holotype.
Plate 84
Fig. 1—Ruapukea carolus n.gen. et n.sp. Holotype. 1.5 × 0.7 mm.
Fig. 2—Coenaculum tertium n.sp. Holotype.
Fig. 3—Lironoba matai n.sp. Holotype.
Fig. 4—Ciosseola cookiana n.sp. Holotype.
Plate 85
Fig. 1—Young bush of Tupeia antarctica upon Carpodetus serratus.
Fig. 2—A young infection showing how the host stem is encircled.
Fig. 3—Herbarium material. A—Gisborne, B—Nelson, C—Dunedin.
Fig. 4—Old galls on a Carpodetus trunk where Tupeia infections have been shaded out.
Fig. 5—Surface of an old gall
Plate 86
Fig. 6—Female flowering branch. Natural size.
Fig. 7—Male flower.
Fig. 8—Female inflorescence.
Fig. 9—Terminal male inflorescence.
Fig. 10—The leaves of a flowering shoot emerging from the protecting scales.
Plate 87
Fig. 11—L.S. male flower.
Fig. 12—T.S. anther, showing the incomplete breakdown of interlocular strands prior to dehiscence.
Fig. 13—T.S. dehisced anther.
Plate 88
Fig. 14—L.S. young female flower.
Figs. 15, 16 and 17—Archesporial cells in process of division .
Plate 89
Fig. 18—L.S. female flower showing elongated embryo-sac with egg apparatus (E) at their stylar ends, and the collenchyma sheath (C) at their base.
Fig. 19—Dilated stylar end of an embryo sac showing the egg (O), synergids (8) and fusion nucleus (F).
Fig. 20—Lower end of embryo sac.
Fig. 21—The pro-embryo being carried down the style by the suspensor, and the fusion nucleus accompanying it. × 420.
Fig. 22—A group of pro-embryos that have reached the collenchyma sheath.
Plate 90
Fig. 23—L.S. developing fruit. V, viscous tissue; D, stylar disc; C, collenchyma sheath; E, embryo; A, endosperm cells. Plate 91
Fig. 24—L.S. developing fruit.
Fig. 25—L.S. ripe fruit.
Figs. 26, 27 and 28—Seedling establishment.
Plate 92
Fig. 29—Seedling detached from the host just after the formation of the penetrating strands .
Fig. 30—A young haustorium invading a twig of Carpodetus.
Fig. 31—Tracheids of a haustorium (T) in contact with vessels (V) of Carpodetus.
Fig. 32—Tracheid in L.S. to show bordered pits.
Plate 93
Fig. 33—L.S. advancing haustorium showing tracheids differentiating from dividing cells.
Fig. 34—The epidermis (E) of a haustorium against a group of stone cells .
Figs. 35 and 36—T.S. young stems of Tupeia.
Plate 94
Geological Map and Sections of Eastern Hokonui Hills. Plate 95
Block diagram of Eastern Hokonui Hills. Plate 96
Drosophila funebris (Fabricius):
Fig. 1—Chaetotaxy of thorax and head. Dorsal aspect approx.
Fig. 2—Chaetotaxy of thorax and head.
Fig. 3—Wing.
Fig. 4—Male hypopygium.
Fig. 5—Female ovipositor plate
Plate 97
Wings of Drosophila species.
Fig. 6—D. busckii Coquillet
Fig. 7—D. simulans Sturtevant
Fig. 8—D. brouni Hutton
Fig. 9—D. repleta Wollaston
Fig. 10—D. hydei Sturtevant.
Plate 98
Male hypopygium of Drosophila species.
Fig. 11—D. simulans.
Fig. 12—D. melanogaster.
Fig. 13—D. repleta.
Fig. 14—D. hydei.
Fig. 15—D. brouni.
Fig. 16—D. busckii.
Female ovipositor plates of Drosophila species.
Fig. 17—D. brouni
Fig. 18—D. simulans
Fig. 19—D. busckii
Fig. 20—D. repleta
Fig. 21—D. hydei.
Plate 99
Calicophoron ijimai, median longitudinal section. Plate 100
Stages in the Life History of Calicophoron ijimai. Plate 101
Figs. 1, 2—Beaumontites fraseri Browne n.sp. Paratype.
Figs. 3, 4—Beaumontites bartrumi Browne n.sp. Paratype.
Figs. 5, 6—Beaumontites routi Browne n.sp. Paratype.
Figs. 7, 8—Beaumontites fraseri Browne n.sp. Holotype.
Figs. 9, 15—Beaumontites routi Browne n.sp. Holotype.
Figs. 10, 11—Beaumontites bartrumi Browne n.sp. Holotype.
Fig. 12—Beaumontites fraseri, suture of Fig. 1.
Fig. 13—Beaumontites routi, suture of holotype.
Fig. 14—Beaumontites tepungai Browne n.sp. Holotype.
Plate 102
Fig. 1—Ussuria cultrata Browne n.sp. Holotype.
Figs. 2, 5—Ussuria sp.
Fig. 3—Leiophyllites marshalli Browne n.sp. Suture of holotype.
Fig. 4—Leiophyllites marshalli.
Figs. 6, 7—Ussuria cultrata. Paratype.
Fig. 8—Leiophyllites marshalli Browne n.sp. Holotype.
Plate 103
Fig. 1—Rhododrilus albidus. Ventral aspect, segments i–xxii.
Fig. 2—R. albidus. Dissection from the dorsal aspect.
Fig. 3—R. albidus. Left spermatheca, lateral aspect.
Plate 104
Fig. 1—R. intermedius. Ventral aspect, segments i–xxi.
Fig. 2—R. intermedius. Dissection from the dorsal aspect.
Fig. 3—R. intermedius. Right spermatheca, anterior aspect.
Fig. 4—R. intermedius. a, Penial chaeta. b, Tip of penial chaeta.
Plate 105
Fig. 1—R. disparatus. Ventral aspect, segments i–xxii.
Fig. 2—R. disparatus. Dissection from the dorsal aspect.
Fig. 3—R. disparatus. Left apermatheca, lateral aspect.
Plate 106
Fig. 1—R. sutherlandi. Ventral aspect, segments i–xx.
Fig. 2—R. sutherlandi. Dissection from the dorsal aspect.
Fig. 3—R. sutherlandi. Left posterior spermatheca, lateral aspect.
Fig. 4—R. sutherlandi. Penial chaeta.
Plate 107
Fig. 1—R. papaensis. Ventral aspect, segments i–xix.
Fig. 2—R. papaensis. Dissection from the dorsal aspect.
Fig. 3—R. papaensis. Left posterior spermatheca, medial aspect.
Fig. 4—R. papaensis. Penial chaeta.
Plate 108
Fig. 1—R. macroseptus. Ventral aspect, segments i–xxii.
Fig. 2—R. macroseptus. Dissection from the dorsal aspect.
Fig. 3—R. macroseptus. Right posterior spermatheca, anterior aspect.
Fig. 4—R. macroseptus. Penial chaeta.
Plate 109
Fig. 1—R. benhami. Ventral aspect, segments i–xxii.
Fig. 2—R. benhami. Dissection from the dorsal aspect.
Fig. 3—R. benhami. Right posterior spermatheca, anterior aspect.
Fig. 4—R. benhami. Penial chaeta.
Plate 110
Fig. 1—R. attenuatus. Ventral aspect, segments i–xviii.
Fig. 2—R. attenuatus. Dissection from the dorsal aspect.
Fig. 3—R. attenuatus. Right posterior spermatheca, lateral aspect.
Fig. 4—R. attenuatus. Penial chaeta.
Plate 111
Fig. 1—R. minimus. Ventral aspect, segments i–xviii.
Fig. 2—R. minimus. Dissection from the dorsal aspect.
Fig. 3—R. minimus. Right posterior spermatheca, anterior aspect.
Fig. 4—R. minimus. Penial chaeta.
Plate 112
Fig. 1—R. aduncocystis. Ventral aspect, segments i–xxi.
Fig. 2—R. aduncocystis. Dissection from the dorsal aspect.
Fig. 3—R. aduncocystis. Right posterior spermatheca, posterior aspect.
Fig. 4—R. aduncocystis. a. Penial chaeta, b, Tip of penial chaeta.
Plate 113
Fig. 1—R. robustus. Ventral aspect, segments i–xx.
Fig. 2—R. robustus. Dissection from the dorsal aspect.
Fig. 3—R. robustus. Left spermatheca of vii, anterior aspect.
Plate 114
Fig. 1—Octochactus tricystis. Ventral aspect, segments i–xx.
Fig. 2—O. tricystis. Dissection from the dorsal aspect.
Fig. 3—O. tricystis. Right anterior spermatheca; medial aspect.
Plate 115
Fig. 1—O. sylvestris. Ventral aspect, segments i–xx.
Fig. 2—O. sylvestris. Dissection from the dorsal aspect.
Fig. 3—O. sylvestris. Left posterior spermatheca, medial aspect.
Plate 116
Fig. 1—O. brucei. Ventral aspect, segments i–xxi.
Fig. 2—O. brucei. Dissection from the dorsal aspect.
Fig. 3—O. brucei. Right posterior spermatheca, lateral aspect.
Plate 117
Fig. 1—Dinodrilus parvus. Ventral aspect, segments i–xxiii.
Fig. 2—D. parvus. Dissection from the dorsal aspect.
Fig. 3—D. parvus. Right anterior spermatheca, lateral aspect.
Plate 118
Fig. 1—D. agilis. Ventral aspect, segments i–xx.
Fig. 2—D. agilis. Dissection from the dorsal aspect.
Fig. 3—D. agilis. Left posterior spermatheca, medial aspect.
Plate 119
Fig. 1—D. montanus. Ventral aspect, segments i–xxi.
Fig. 2—D. montanus. Dissection from the dorsal aspect.
Fig. 3—D. montanus. Right posterior spermatheca, anterior aspect.
Plate 120
Fig. 1—Hoplochaetina robusta. Ventral aspect, segments i–xxii.
Fig. 2—H. robusta. Dissection from the dorsal aspect.
Fig. 3—H. robusta. Right anterior spermatheca, lateral aspect.
Plate 121
Fig. 1—H. pallida. Ventral aspect, segments i–xxi.
Fig. 2—H. pallida. Dissection from the dorsal aspect
Fig. 3—H. pallida. Right anterior spermatheca, posterior aspect.
Plate 122
Fig. 1—H. Polycystis. Ventral aspect, segments i–xxi.
Fig. 2—H. Polycystis. Dissection from the dorsal aspect.
Fig. 3—H. Polycystis. Right anterior spermatheca, lateral aspect.
Plate 123
Fig. 1—Leucodrilus digitocystis. Ventral aspect, segments i–xxiv.
Fig. 2—L. digitocystis. Dissection from the dorsal aspect.
Fig. 3—L. digitocystis. Right spermatheca, medial aspect.
Fig. 4—L. digitocystis. Penial chaeta.
Plate 124
Fig. 1—L. fuscus. Ventral aspect, segments i–xix.
Fig. 2—L. fuscus. Dissection from the dorsal aspect.
Fig. 3—L. fuscus. Right spermatheca, anterior aspect.
Fig. 4—(a) L. fuscus. Penial chaeta. (b) L. fuscus. Normal segmental chaeta.
Plate 125
Fig. 2–Second post-larval stage. Dorsal view of carapace. Island Bay.
Fig. 3—Third maxilliped, left side, of second post-larval stage.
Fig. 4—Anterior portion of carapace in ventral view, second post-larval stage.
Fig. 5—Fourth leg of second post-larval stage in posterior view.
Fig. 6—Abdomen of second post-larval stage.
Fig. 7—Chela of second post-larval stage, outer aspect.
Fig. 8—Male pleopod, left side, dorsal aspect.
Fig. 8a—Apex of pleopod, dorsal aspect.
Fig. 9—Anterior portion of carapace in ventral view, adult male.
Fig. 10—Lateral view of anterior portion of carapace to show subhepatic excavation.
Fig. 11—Dorsal view of carapace of adult male. Wellington.
Fig. 12—Abdomen and sternum of adult male.
All scales = 1 mm. excepting Fig. 11.
Plate 126
Fig. 1—Non-flagellate, volutin granules in cytoplasm.
Fig. 2—Division stage of non-flagellate.
Figs. 3–5—Small flagellates, 4 and 5 possibly post-flagellates.
Fig. 6—Slender post-division herpetomonad.
Figs. 7–9—Herpetomonads in which the basal granule has divided and a second flagellum has been developed.
Fig. 10—Medium-sized uniflagellate.
Figs. 11–13—Illustrating the completion of division of the kinetoplast, and early (Fig. 12) and late (Fig. 13) stages in cytoplasmic cleavage.
Plate 127
Haemogregarina coelorhynchi n.sp.
Fig. 1—Late erythroblast of Coelorhynchus australis.
Fig. 2—Erythrocyte of C. australis.
Figs. 3 and 4—Free micromerozoites.
Fig. 5—Intracrythroblastic micromerozoite.
Figs. 6–11—Early gametocyte development.
Figs. 12–18—Early schizogony.
Figs. 19–26—Gametocytes.
Figs. 27–29—Degenerating gametocytes.
Fig. 30—Intraleucocytic gametocyte.
Figs. 31 and 32—Free gametocytes, attached to the hyptertrophied remains of the nucleus of the host erythrocyte.
Figs. 33 and 34—Macromerozoites,
Plate 128
Figs. 1–15—Haemogregarina hoplichthys n.sp.
Fig. 1—Erythrocyte of Hoplichthys haswelli.
Figs. 2–10—Schizogony.
Figs. 11 and 12—Developing gametocytes.
Figs. 13 and 14—Mature gametocytes.
Fig. 15—Gametocyte freed from host erythrocyte, following the death of the infected fish.
Figs. 16–33—Haemogregarina leptoscopi n.sp.
Fig. 16—Erythrocyte of Leptoscopus macropygus.
Figs. 17 and 18—Free macromerozoites.
Figs. 19–23—Intraerythroblastic (Figs. 19, 21, 22) and intraerythrocytic merozoites.
Figs. 24–28—Doubtful forms, interpreted as young schizonts.
Figs. 29–33—Maturing schizonts.
Plate 129
Fig. 1—Photograph of disarticulated adult vertebral column, ventral view.
Fig. 2—Generalised diagram of the spinal nerves and vertebrae.
Plate 130
Fig. 1—Atlas vertebra, anterior view.
Fig. 2—Atlas vertebra, posterior view.
Fig. 3—Two trunk vertebrae, lateral view.
Fig. 4—Fifth and sixth presacral vertebrae, dorsal view.
Fig. 5—Fifth presacral vertebra anterior view.
Fig. 6—Abnormal sacrum, dorsal view.
Fig. 7—Normal sacrum, ventral view.
Fig. 8—Anterior of urostyle, lateral view.
Fig. 9—Left half of sacral vertebra, anterior view.
Plate 131
William Donovan Plate 132