Notes on some New Zealand Plants and Descriptions of
New Species (No. 5)
[Read before the Otago Branch, October 17, 1950; received by the Editor, October 25, 1950]
Gymnogramme rutaefolia Hook. f. et Grev.
Amongst rock on Clutha River bank opposite Cromwell Railway Station. Collected by James Langbein.
Pilularia novae-zealandiae T. Kirk
Moist places at beaches at “The Stockyard”, Lake Manapouri.
Oreobolus pectinatus Hook. f.
Near summit of Mt. Pisa, Central Otago. Collected by James Langbein.
Juncus pallidus R. Br.
Swamps at the Maclennan River, near Papatowai, Southland; the Estuary, Southland.
Arthropodium bulbosum sp. nov.
Herba gracilis glabra radicibus carnosis albis ex bulbo ca. 1 cm. diam. ortis. Folia lineari-lanceolata, ca. 10–20 cm. longa, 8 mm. lata, plana, aliquantum flaccida, basin versus, acuta, concava incrassataque. Scapus gracilis; racemi laxe ramulosi, foliis duplo longiores. Flores numerosi, secundi, solitarii vel inferioribus conjugatis, pedicellis gracilibus ca. 1 cm. longis, pendulis; bracteae inferiores lineari-lanceolatae, superiora breviores lanceolatae. Filamenta basin versus nuda, supra dense filis clavatis instructa. Capsula globoso-trigona, 5 mm. diam. Semina nigra, minute verruculosa.
A slender glabrous herb with long white fleshy roots from a bulbous stem 1 cm. diam. Leaves linear lanceolate, 10–20 cm. or more long, ± 8 mm. broad, flat and grasslike, thin and somewhat flaccid, widest at midlength, acute, concave and thickened at the base. Scape bronze green, slender, raceme loosely branched, twice as long as the leaves. Flowers many, secund, solitary or the lower ones in pairs. Pedicels slender, ± 1 cm. long, drooping, lower bracts linear-lanceolate, the upper ones lanceolate. Filaments naked at the base, the upper two-thirds densely covered by thick clavate hairs. Capsule trigonously globose, 5 mm. diam. Seeds 4 in each cell, black, ribbed, minutely wartose.
Habitat: Open grassland.
Type specimen—from a plant in cultivation at Dunedin, collected by the author and Mr. W. B. Brockie at Wairoa Gorge, Nelson—in the Herbarium, Plant Research Bureau, Wellington.
The species differs from A. candidum in its much larger size and in its bulbous stem.
Korthalsella lindsayi (Oliv.) Engl.
Breast Hill, Lake Hawea, Central Otago, 920 m. altitude, on Coprosma propinqua. Collected by Peter Wardale.
Claytonia australasica Hook. f. var. sessiliflora var. nov.
Flores omino fel fere sessilia; planto typo multo minor.
A slender glabrous plant spreading by creeping subterranean stems to form wide mats. Stems almost filiform, broken at intervals by cormlike expansions 1–2 cm. long, 2–3 mm. diam. from which again extend slender stems. Leaves 3–5 (5), closely sheathing together and rising in dense or distant intervals from the creeping stem, linear obovate, obtuse, ± 1 cm. long, 1 mm. broad, rather fleshy. Flowers solitary, almost or quite sessile, 1 cm. diam., white; sepals small, sub-orbicular, membranous at the margins; petals obovate, obtuse, 5 mm. long, globose. Seeds 3, orbicular, shining black, flattened.
Habitat: Debris on river flood-bed.
Type specimens—from the Cardrona River bed near Ballantyne's Bridge, Wanaka—in the Herbarium, Plant Research Bureau, Wellington.
The variety is much smaller than other forms of this composite species. Plants with pedicelled flowers and red-brown seed, collected near Lake Te Anau and in cultivation near the variety at Dunedin, have slender stems which also expand at intervals in their growth, but in a longer and less corm-like manner than those of the variety. A study of the subterranean stems in other forms of the species might prove this character to be not uncommon.
Stellaria roughii Hook. f.
Amongst rock on the mid-slopes of Mt. Blimit, Arthur's Pass, Canterbury.
Hectorella caespitosa Hook. f.
Near summit of Mt. Pisa, Central Otago. Collected by James Langbein.
Ranunculus royi sp. nov.
Herba omnifarium pilis longis sparse praedita. Radix ca. 1 cm. diam.; radicibus numerosis albis. Folia radicalia 3–7 cm. vel ultra longa, petioli multo longiores, gracile, supra leviter canaliculati; lamina late ovato-cuneata, ca. 1–5 cm. diam., 3 lobata, marginibus ciliatis. Sepala 5, oblonga, obtusa, 5 mm. lata, dorso pubescentes, apicibus pilis albis longis fimbriatis. Petalo 0. Scapus fructifer elongatus, crassus. Carpella matura ca. 30, capitulum globosum ca. 8 mm. diam. formantia, oblique orbiculata, leviter compressa, in rostrum brevem apic [ unclear: ] obtusum desinentia.
A small grey-green plant, everywhere thinly pubescent with long pointed hairs. Rootstock stout, ± 1 cm. diam., with numerous soft stout white roots. Leaves radical, prostrate or decumbent, 3–7 cm. long or longer; petiole much longer than the blade, slender, pale yellow or green, with dark brown markings, shallowly channelled above, rounded beneath, with broad sheathing base; blade broadly ovate-cuneate, ± 1·5 cm. diam., 3 lobed, the centre lobe toothed on each side, the outer lobes with a single tooth, upper margin ciliate, the cuneate lower margins naked. Scape 2–3 mm. long, stout, thinly pubescent, pale green, elongating to 10 cm. or more in fruit, marked with long brownish streaks. Sepals 5, oblong, obtuse, 5 mm. wide, pale and membranous, with the veining often brownish, the outer surface pubescent and the tips fringed with long white pointed hairs. Petals 0. Achenes about 30, crowded in a rounded head ± 8 mm. diam., obliquely orbicular, slightly compressed, with a short blunt beak.
Habitat: Moist grassland.
Type specimen—from Mt. Roy, Lake Wanaka, at 1,200 m. altitude—in the Herbarium, Plant Research Bureau, Wellington.
A peculiarly grey-green plant, in leaf shape somewhat resembling R. lappaceus, but differing in the sessile apetalous flowers and in the elongation of the stout pedicels in fruit. Of the many flowers examined, one only had a single yellow petal 7 mm. long, 2 mm. broad, oblong, with a short claw and a single gland near the base. Named from the mountain on which it was discovered.
Ranunculus insertus sp. nov.
Planta parva omnifarium sparse pilis longis praedita. Radix ca. 1 cm. diam. radicibus numerosis albis. Folia radicalia 3–5 cm. longa; petioli duplo longiores, aliquantum crassi, supra leviter canaliculati, basi late vaginantes; lamina deltoidea, cordata, 1–5 cm. diam., profunde 3-lobata, saepe brunneo-maculata, marginibus ciliatis. Flores subsessiles; sepala 5, oblonga, obtusa, 5 mm. longa, 2 mm. lata, dorso pubescentes, apicibus pilis albis longis fimbriatis ornata. Carpella matura ca. 30, capitulum globosum ca. 6 mm. diam. formantia, oblique orbiculata, leviter compressa, in rostrum brevem hamatum desinentia.
A small green plant, everywhere thinly pubescent with long pointed hairs, rootstock ± 1 cm. diam., with numerous soft white roots. Leaves radical, prostrate or decumbent, 3–5 cm. long; petiole about twice as long as the blade, rather stout, yellow-green, with dark markings, shallowly channelled above, rounded beneath, slightly flattened, with a broad sheathing base; blade deltoid in outline, 1·5 cm. diam., cordate, more or less deeply 3 segmented and the segments 3–4 lobed and mucronate, in young plants 3 lobed and rounded at the base, frequently mottled at the base with brown; margins ciliate. Flowers almost sessile, buried at the base of the leaves; sepals 5, oblong, obtuse, 5 mm. long, 2 mm. broad, pale and membranous, with the veining often brownish, the outer surface pubescent and the tips fringed with long white pointed hairs. Scape rather stout, thinly pubescent, pale green, streaked with brown, elongating to 5 cm. in fruit. Petals oblong, rounded at the tip, with a single gland near the base. Achenes about 30, crowded in a rounded head ± 6 mm. diam., obliquely orbicular, slightly compressed, with short hooked beak.
Habitat: Stony runnels in sub-alpine scrub.
Type specimen—from the base of Mt. Murrell, above Wilmott Pass, Lake Manapouri, at 1,200 m. altitude—in the Herbarium, Plant Research Bureau, Wellington.
A plant with some of the characters of R. royi, but differing in its leaf shape, stouter petioles, petalled flowers, and in the shape of its achenes.
Ranunculus recens var. lacustris var. nov.
A typo differt foliis intense viridibus vel brunneo-viridibus vel brunneo-maculatis, deltoideis, profunde 3 lobatis vel fere trifoliolatis.
A small stout depressed plant of similar habit and size to the species. Rootstock ± 1 cm. diam., with numerous stout, white, fleshy roots and stems branching at the surface to form small closely packed clumps. Leaves dark green or greenish brown, or dark green mottled with brown, in seedling plants entire, in adult plants deltoid in outline, 3 lobed or almost 3 foliate, the lobes usually concave and entire or the terminal one with a lobe on one or each side. Flowers 5 mm. diam., sunken in a fringe of budding leaves amongst the older leaf bases; sepals 5, broadly ovate to almost orbicular; petals smaller and shorter, ovate-spathulate, yellow at the tip only, with a single gland. Achenes as in the species. Seed pale brown.
Habitat: Moist shingly or grassy slopes subject to flooding.
Type specimen in the Herbarium, Plant Research Bureau, Wellington, from shores near “The Beehive”, Lake Manapouri.
The variety has an entirely different appearance in its colouring and leaf shape when compared with the plant common above cliff faces at Sandymount, Otago Peninsula. Fully developed plants are difficult to obtain, as rises in the lake level seldom allow an extended growth period.
Corallospartium crassicaule (Hook. f.) J. B. Armstrg. var. racemosa T. Kirk
Mt. Maud, Mt. Grandview and Breast Hill, Lake Hawea, Central Otago. Collected by Peter Wardale.
Carmichaelia uniflora T. Kirk. var. suteri (Col.) Simpn.
Moist flats near Cascade Creek. West Branch Matukituki River, Lake Wanaka.
Plagianthus betulinus A. Cunn.
Inland stations at “The Gates” and “Twin Falls”, West Branch of the Matukituki River, Lake Wanaka.
Epilobium pratensis nov. nom. = E. parviflorum Simpn. et Thomn. in Trans. Roy. Soc. N.Z., vol. 73 (1943), 159.
Dr. H. H. Allan has kindly drawn the author's attention to the preoccupation of the earlier given epithet by E. parviflorum Schreb.
Schizeilema exiguum (Hook. f.) Domin.
Near summit Mt. Pisa, Central Otago. Collected by James Langbein.
Aciphylla pinnatifida Petrie
Moist grassland above forest and shrub margins on Mt. Barber and Mt. Wilmott, Wilmott Pass, Lake Manapouri, 1,400 m. altitude.
Aciphylla congesta Cheesem.
Also in the above mentioned localities.
Anisotome flabellifolia sp. nov.
Herba glabra perennis. Folia radicalia oblonga vel lineari-oblonga, 5–20 cm. longa, 1–2 cm. lata, foliolis imparipinnatis. Pinnae 17–21, flabellatae, saepe 3 lobatae, nonnumquam 3 foliolatae; marginibus superioribus dentibus parvis confertis, acutis, aristatis munitis; marginibus inferioribis cuneatis, integris. Pedunculi 5–50 cm. longi, 5–10 umbellatim-brachiati. Bracteae, bracteolaeque lineari-ovatae, acutae. Flores numerosi, minuti, pedicellis 1–2 cm. longis, filiformibus. Fructus ovoideus, glaber.
A glabrous perennial forming small tufts by branching of the rootstock. Radical leaves 8–10, oblong or linear-oblong, 5–20 cm. long, 1–2 cm. broad, spreading or depressed, green, often brownish towards the base, pinnate; pinnae in 8–10 pairs and a terminal one, flabellate, frequently deeply divided into 3 segments or occasionally 3 foliate, lower margins cuneate and entire, upper margin closely divided into small, acute, bristle pointed, brownish teeth. Peduncles one or more, erect, 5–20 cm. long, usually with a single branch or occasionally 2 branches, the branches terminating in a whorl of 5–10 scapes each carrying a simple umbel, bracts linear-ovate, acute, those at the branching sometimes terminating in a filiform pinnate leaflet, scapes slender, irregular in length, elongating in fruit. Involucral bracts linear-ovate, acute; flowers numerous, minute; pedicels 1–2 mm. long, filiform, thickening but not elongating in fruit. Fruit ovoid, glabrous.
Type specimen—from Flagstaff Hill, Dunedin, in the Herbarium, Plant Research Bureau, Wellington.
The species is easily identified by the flabellate pinnate leaves and by the whorl of slender scapes terminating the peduncle and its branching.
Anisotome imbricata (Hook. f.) Ckn.
Near summit of Mt. Pisa, Central Otago. Collected by James Langbein.
Anisotome brevistylus (Hook. f.) Ckn.
Ledges on rock above Gorge Creek, Central Otago.
Angelica geniculata Hook. f.
Breast Hill, Lake Hawea, Central Otago, at 9.20 m. altitude. Collected by Peter Wardale.
Gaultheria rupestris var. humilis var. nov.
Frutex ramosus, prostratus vel erectus, ad 3–5 cm. altus. Folia oblonga, alterna, 2 cm. longa, 7 mm. lata, coriacea, breviter petiolata. Petioli marginibus minute lobatis, lobis apice setiferis. Racemi 3–6,
axillares, 2–4 cm. longi, bracteolis 2 cm. longis, ovatis, serratis. Flores albi, calycis lobis ovatis, acutis, serratis.
A branching shrub, spreading along the ground or erect to 15–20 cm. high. Older branches spreading, 3 mm. diam., pale brown. Younger branches reddish, 2 mm. diam., setose. Leaves alternate, oblong, 2 cm. long, 7 mm. broad, coriaceous, light green above, paler beneath and the reticulation evident, shortly petiolate; petiole red; margins minutely lobed; lobes bristle pointed. Racemes 3–6 axillary amongst the uppermost leaves, crowded, simple, few or many flowered, 2–4 cm. long; bracteoles 2 mm. long, ovate, serrate; pedicels 3 mm. long. Flowers white, calyx lobes ovate, acute, serrate, with reddish tip.
Habitat: Herbfield at 500–1,000 m. altitude.
Type specimen from Flagstaff Hill, Dunedin, in the Herbarium. Plant Research Bureau, Wellington.
Dracophyllum uniflorum Hook. f. var. frondosum var. nov.
Frutex multi-ramosus, suberectus vel procumbens, ramis 0·5–1·5 m. longis, cortice fusco, ramulis numerosissimis, 1·5–3 cm. vel ultra longis. Folia 2·5–5 cm. longa, 1 mm. lata, linearia, inferne applanata, superne teretes pungentes que, coriacea, rigida, semi-erecta, saepe paula recurvate, 3 nervia, utringue minute pilosa; vaginibus 6 mm. longis, 5 mm. latis, superne gradatim angustatis haud auriculatis, marginibus ciliatis. Flores solitarii, patentes, 12 mm. longi; sepalis inaequalibus (longissimis tubo corollae aequantibus) lanceolatis, pungentibus; lobis brevibus, ovoideo-triangularibus, apicibus truncatis, basi breviter auriculatis. Capsula late obovoidea, apice truncata, 4 mm. longa, 3 mm. diam. Stylus persistens, ad 3 mm. exsertus.
A much-branched, semi-erect or procumbent shrub. Stems 0·5–1·5 m. long with dark brown bark, branched and covered by numerous short branchlets almost to the base. Branchlets 1·5–3 cm. or more long, the longest at the base of the stems. Leaves 2·5–5 cm. long, 1 mm. broad, linear, flattened, terete and pungent at the tip, coriaceous, rigid, semierect, often slightly recurved, 3 veined, with the surfaces and margins covered with minute hairs: sheaths 6 mm. long, 5 mm. broad, with the shoulders sloping, not auriculed, ciliate on the margins. Flowers solitary, lateral, spreading, 12 mm. long; sepals irregular in length, the longest equalling the corolla tube, lanceolate, pungent; margins membranous, ciliate; corolla tube 1 cm. long, 4 mm. diam., narrowed at the base; lobes short, ovoid-triangular, shortly auriculed at the base. Capsules broadly obovoid, truncated at the tip, 4 mm. long, 3 mm. diam., the persistent style exserted to 3 mm.
Habitat: Tussock grassland at 300–900 m.
Type specimens—from Deep Stream, Dunedin-Middlemarch Road, Otago—in the Herbarium, Research Bureau, Wellington.
The variety appears to be the form common to the valleys and mountain slopes in the central and eastern districts of Otago. It is common on Mt. Maungatua, at Lee Stream, Deep Stream, on limestone at the Horse Range, and on the lower slopes of Mt. Ida in Central Otago. Its rather lax habit, its longer leaves, larger flowers and closely leafy branches separate it immediately from the plant described by Hooker.
Gentiana verecunda sp. nov.
Herba gracilis glabra, 4–7 cm. alta. Radix gracile, 1 mm. diam, radicibus numerosis gracilibus. Folia radicalia numerosa; lamina 4–6 mm. longa, 2 mm. lata, oblonga vel ovato-oblonga, obtusa, petiolis multo longioribus. Folia caulina similia, opposita, paribus 1–3. Flores solitarii, terminales, albae, 1 cm. longae, 8–10 mm. diam. Calyx 5–7 mm. longus, segmentis fere ad basin fissis, lobis anguste libearibus, acutis. Corollae lobi late ovato-spathulati, obtusi, ca. 2 mm. longiores quam calycis lobis. Stamina exserta, capsula non visa.
A small slender glabrous perennial 4–7 cm. high. Rootstock slender, 1 mm. diam., short, or sometimes 2–3 cm. long, with numerous fine roots, rough at the scars of old leaves, unbranched or sometimes with a single branch from the base. Leaves numerous, purplish, 1–2 cm. long, with the petiole much exceeding the blade; blade 4–6 mm. long, 2 mm. broad, oblong or ovate-oblong, obtuse. Scapes purplish black; cauline leaves in 1–3 opposite pairs, similar to the lower leaves or the upper pair sessile and subacute. Flowers solitary and terminal, white, 1 cm. long, 8–10 mm. diam., calyx 5–7 mm. long, divided almost to the base, segments narrow linear, acute; corolla lobes broadly ovate-spathulate, obtuse, 2 mm. longer than the calyx segments. Stamens exserted, equalling the calyx segments. Capsule not seen.
Habitat: Moist places and growing on cushions of Oreobolus and Donatia.
Type specimens in the Herbarium, Plant Research Bureau, Wellington, from Mt. Wilmott, Fiord Botanical District, at 1,200 m. altitude.
The plants are usually partly buried amongst the cushion plants and conspicuous only when in flower. Mr. R. Cooper, Botanist at the Auckland Institute and Museum, kindly compared specimens of this species with those of G. filipes in the Cheeseman Herbarium. His notes and a drawing show that G. verecunda differs from G. filipes in its perenial rooting, its leaf shape and in the shape of its calyx segments.
Parsonsia capsularis Forst. f. var. tenuis Simpn. et Thomn.
Capsules ± 8 cm. long, 3 mm. diam., terete, somewhat falcate, tapering to an acute tip.
Myosotis pygmaea Col.
Shingly soils at the foot of terrace slopes near Luggate, Central Otago.
The form at this locality has pale yellow flowers and the scales at the throat of the corolla tubes are similarly coloured.
Myosotis orbiculata sp. nov.
Herba prostrata, caulibus numerosis, intertextis, ca. 1 mm. diam., pallide brunneis, hispidis, pilis basi verruculosis; folia 1–2 cm. longa, petiolis hispidis saepe quam laminis brevioribus; lamina orbiculata, plerumque mucronata, costis evidentis. Flores solitarii, albi, faucibus luteis, pedicellis 1–2 mm. longis; calyx 2 mm. longus, lobis 5, ad basin
fissis, lineari-obovatis, subacutis. Corollae tubus 3 mm. longus, cylindricus, calyce longior, lobis rotundatis. Stamina exserta. Nuculi avati, subacuti, compressi, brunnei.
A prostrate plant with numerous branching stems from a small rootstock. Stems 1 mm. diam., pale brown, hispid by stiff white pointed hairs from dark wartose bases, branching frequently at right angles and interlacing, 10–15 cm. long, with nodes at about 1 cm. intervals and occasionally rooting. Leaves 1–2 cm. long, the petiole pale brown, hispid, channelled above, rounded beneath, blade orbicular, usually mucronate, soft green above, paler beneath, the midrib brown and evident. Flowers solitary on the stems, opposite or sub-opposite to the alternating leaves, white, with yellow throat; pedicels short, 1–2 mm. long; calyx 2 mm. long, 5 lobed to near the base; lobes green, linear obovate, subacute by reddish calloused tips, hispid; corolla tube 3 mm. long, cylindrical, yellowish, exceeding the calyx; limb with rounded lobes. Stamens erect, inserted below the scales, exserted to half the length of the limb. Stigma equalling the anthers. Nutlets ovate, subacute, compressed and the margins thin, brown.
Habitat: Shrub and grass flats in forest openings.
Type specimen—from the “Back Valley”, Garnoch Burn, western side of Lake Manapouri—in the Herbarium, Plant Research Bureau, Wellington.
A handsome small species having some of the characters of M. tenuis Simpn. et Thomn., but with soft stems, soft green leaves, and with the filaments erect and exserted.
Myosotis ramificata sp. nov.
Herba annua prostrata, caulibus 4–10 cm. longis, 1 mm. diam., confertis, omnino sparse pilis longis albis vestitis. Folia redicalia pauca, ca. 2 cm. longa. 5 mm. lata, obovato-spathulata, apicibus mucronata, costis evidentis sparse supra et infra pilis longis albis praeditis, petiolis laminis aequantibus. Folia caulina breviora, obovata, sessilia. Flores albi, breviter pedicellati; calyx 3 mm. longus, lobis ca. 1·5 mm. longis, anguste lanceolatis, subacutis. Corollae tubo apices calycis lobi attingente, limbus vix 2 mm. diam. Stamina filamentis brevibus, ad squamae apices vix pertinentia. Nuculi late ovati, compressi, atro-brunnei vel nigri, nitentes.
A prostrate annual. Stems 5 or more from the rootstock, 4–10 cm. or more long, fully 1 mm. diam., spreading, branching near the base to form small close mats, everywhere sparingly clothed with longish white pointed hairs. Radical leaves few, ± 2 cm. long, 5 mm. broad, obovate-spathulate, rounded and mucronate at the tips and the midrib evident, sparingly clothed on both surfaces with long, white pointed hairs; petiole equalling the blade, flattened and shallowly channelled above, rounded beneath. Cauline leaves at intervals of about 1 cm., shorter than the radical leaves, obovate, sessile. Flowers white, opposing each of the cauline leaves, shortly pedicelled; calyx 3 mm. long, divided for half its length into narrow lanceolate segments; limb barely 2 mm. diam., lobes rounded, filaments short, anther tips barely equalling the whitish scales. Nutlets broadly ovate, compressed, with thin margins, dark brown to almost black, shining.
Habitat: Shaded ledges on rocky slopes.
Type specimen—in the Herbarium, Plant Research Bureau, Wellington, from sparsely shrub-clad slopes fringing a small flat some three miles south of Luggate, Central Otago.
The species appears to be allied to M. tenuicaulis Petrie, but it has a stouter and closer habit, the internodes are not distant, the hairs on the stems and leaves are longer and coarser, the pedicels and calyces more densely clothed with coarser hairs, the calyces less deeply divided, and the corolla tube shorter than in that slender species. Petrie's M. tenuicaulis is known only by his specimens from near Romahapa, South Otago, and the habitat is now entirely overgrown by gorse and broom.
Hebe pinguifolia (Hook. f.) Ckn. et Allan
Kakanui Mountains, Central Otago.
Hebe cupressoides (Hook. f.) Ckn. et Allan
Mt. Grandview, Lake Hawea, Central Otago, at 950 m. altitude. Collected by Peter Wardale.
Hebe hectori var.
Mount St. Bathans at 1,500 m. altitude.
The form here is similar in leaf shape to plants of more westerly stations, but it does not exceed 20–30 cm. in height.
Hebe subulata sp. nov.
Frutex chlorinas ad 15–20 cm. altus. Rami ± 4 mm. diam., atro-brunnei, prostrati vel semi-prostrati, aliquantenus radicantes, ramulis erectis, 2 mm. diam., numerosis, quadratis. Folia crassa, coriacea, convexa, rotundata, 2 mm. longa lataque, dense quadrifariam imbricatis; paribas oppositis ½ connatis, connaturis squamato-pubescentibus, apici costa aurantiaca in apiculum prolongata.
A small yellow-green shrub to about 15–20 cm. high. Stems ± 4 mm. diam., dark brown, rough by the persistent leaves, prostrate or semi-prostrate and occasionally rooting, with the branchlets erect. Branchlets 2 mm. diam., numerous, quadrate. Leaves densely quadrifariously imbricate, the opposite pairs connate for about ½ their length and the connatures scaly pubescent, rounded at the tip, 2 mm. long, 2 mm. broad, thick and coriaceous, convex, orange, ribbed at the tip and the rib continued to a subulate point.
Habitat: Sub-alpine grassland at 1,200 m. altitude.
Type specimen from a plant in cultivation collected by Mr. Owen Fletcher from the Old Man Range, in the Herbarium, Plant Research Bureau, Wellington. The plant from which this description is drawn was collected by Owen Fletcher some twelve years ago on the summit of the Old Man Range and cultivated at Christchurch Botanic Gardens and at Dunedin by Mr. W. B. Brockie and the author respectively. No flowers have appeared and the description is incomplete.
Hebe macrocalyx (J. B. Armstrg.) comb. nov. = H. haastii var. macrocalyx Ckn. et Allan.
Cockayne and Allan (1927–42) state that “This is such a well-marked jordanon that it may be the best, as N. E. Brown has sug-
gested, to treat it as a species.” That statement is well justified when fresh specimens are compared. Armstrong described the leaves of his species as “puberulous below”, the corolla tube as “short” and the capsules as “slightly pubescent”. Other specimens from the Waimakariri Valley are glabrous, and Dr. W. R. B. Oliver, when Director of the Canterbury Museum, was requested to examine the type material in Armstrong's herbarium. He writes: “I have examined the specimen of Hebe macrocalyx in the Armstrong Herbarium. There is only one sheet with one specimen on it labelled ‘Black Range and Mt. Armstrong, 6,000 ft. J.B.A. 1867.’ As both of these localities are in the Waimakariri Basin, I have marked the sheet Type.
“The leaves are broadly ovate, 7 × 6 mm., quite glabrous. Here and there are fungal hyphae which look like hairs. As the specimens were 12 years old when Armstrong described them, the fungus is likely to have been on the specimen at the time and to be mistaken for hairs.”
Hebe macrocalyx var. humilis var. nov.
Caules 12–15 cm. longi, 2 mm. diam., bifariam pubescentes, prostrati vel decumbentes, ramulis ascendentibus. Folia conferta, imbricata, ca. 6 mm. longa, 3 mm. lata, ovata, obtusa, ad basin amplexicaulia, supra concava, carinata. Flores 8–10 conferti, capitulati, sessiles. Calyx 6 mm. longus, segmentis linearibus, obtusis. Corollae limbus 6 mm. diam., lobis ovatis, obtusis, patentibus, demum reflexis. Capsula 5 mm. longa, 2 mm. lata, ovata compressa.
A small sub-coriaceous, closely branched, glabrous, semi-woody plant. Stems 12–15 cm. long, 2 mm. diam., bifariously pubescent, prostrate or decumbent, with branchlets ascending, vicariously rooting. Leaves closely quadrifariously imbricating, long persistent on the stems, spreading or the older ones reflexed, ± 6 mm. long, 3 mm. broad, ovate, obtuse, narrowed to a broad amplexicaul base, shining green, concave, paler green and keeled beneath; margins purplish when young, yellowish when older, entire. Flowers 8–10, white, sessile, crowded in a terminal head 1·5 cm. long, 1 cm. diam. Bracts 5 mm. long, 1 mm. broad, lanceolate, reddish at the margins. Calyx 6 mm. long, 4 partite to the base; segments linear, narrowed to an obtuse tip. Corolla tube about equalling the calyx, 2 mm. diam.; limb 6 mm. diam., 4 lobed; lobes ovate, obtuse, spreading and reflexed. Stamens exerted to half the length of the lobes. Style equalling the lobes. Ovary 2 mm. long, conical, slightly compressed, seated on a ringed disc. Capsule 5 mm. long, 3 mm. broad, ovate, compressed, slightly shorter than the calyx.
Habitat: Debris slopes.
Type specimens—from a plant in cultivation at Dunedin, collected from the slopes of Mt. French, near Hector's Col. West Matukituki Valley at 1,525 m. elevation—in the Herbarium, Plant Research Bureau, Wellington.
A similar plant was collected on the slopes of Mt. Elliot, McKinnon Pass.
Hebe corymbosa sp. nov.
Frutex glaber 1 m. vel ultra altus, ramis griseo-brunneis foliorum cicatricibus annulatis, ramulis 2 mm. diam. minute bifarium pubes-
centibus. Folia breviter petiolata, patula recurvataque, subcoriacea, 2–2·5 cm. longa, 5 mm. lata, oblonga-elliptica, acuta, basi angustata, supra concava nitentia subtus convexa carinataque pallidiora, marginibus integris. Inflorescentiae axillares, corymboso-ramosae, 5–6 cm. diam., apicibus ramulorum dispositae, racemis ca. 4 cm. longis, bracteis calycibusque minute pubescentibus. Bracteae 3 mm. longae, 1 mm. latae, lanceolatae, acutae; pedicelli 3 mm. longi. Flores 1 cm. longi, 8 mm. diam.; calyx 2 mm. diam., 4-partiti, segmentis ovatis, obtusis vel subacutis, marginibus membranaceis; corollae tubus gracilis calyce duplo longior, lobis 4 ovatis, albis apice rotundatis. Capsula oblonga-elliptica, 6 mm. longa, 3 mm. lata, acuta, compressa, calyce valde excedens.
A much branched, spreading, glabrous, yellow-green shrub to 1 m. or more high. Branches greyish-brown, ringed by old leaf scars; branchlets 2 mm. diam., yellow-green, reddish-brown at the nodes, minutely bifariously pubescent. Leaves shortly petiolate, spreading, recurved, somewhat coriaceous, 2–2·5 cm. long, 5 mm. broad, elliptic-oblong, acute, narrowed at the base, concave, shining and yellow-green above, convex and lighter green beneath, keeled; margins entire. Racemes ± 4 cm. long, much branched, in 2–4 opposite pairs near the tips of the branchlets, the whole inflorescence forming a dense corymb 5–6 cm. diam., concealing the upper leaves everywhere and, with the bracts and calyces, minutely pubescent; bracts small, 3 mm. long, 1 mm. broad, lanceolate, acute; pedicels 3 mm. long. Flowers 1 cm. long, 8 mm. diam. over the spreading lobes, white; calyx small, 2 mm. diam., 4 partite; segments ovate, obtuse or subacute, with membranous margins; corolla tube twice as long as the calyx, slender, 2 mm. diam.; limb 4 lobed; lobes ovate, rounded at the tip. Stamens 2, slightly exceeding the lobes. Style shorter than the lobes. Ovary small, 1 mm. long, ovoid. Capsule elliptic-oblong, 6 mm. long, 3 mm. broad, acute, compressed, much exceeding the calyx.
Habitat: Shrub association at 800–900 m. altitude.
Type specimen—from a plant in cultivation at Dunedin, collected by Mr. N. Potts, of Opotiki, at Dun Mountain, Nelson—in the Herbarium, Plant Research Bureau, Wellington.
A handsome species, flowering profusely in mid-January.
Myoporum laetum Forst. f.
Trees seen by the author at Gisborne, North Island, are erect and of faster growth than the trees of umbrella-like growth habit common along the east coast of South Island.
Myoporum laetum Forst. f. var. decumbens var. nov.
A typo differt ramis ramulisque decumbentibus vel prostratis. Drupa alba, 8 mm. longa, 5 mm. lata, conica, apice truncata.
A decumbent or prostrate small tree with stout softly wooded branchlets. Leaves 8–12 cm. long, 3–4 cm. broad; petiole ± 1 cm. long, stout, 5 mm. broad, flattened; blade obovate oblong, acute or acuminate, gradually narrowed to the petiole; lower margins entire, upper margins finely serrate; midrib prominent beneath; larger vein-
ing evident. Drupe white, 5 mm. diam., 8 mm. long, rounded in cross-section, narrowed to a broad truncate tip.
Type specimen—from a plant in cultivation grown from branches collected at Poor Knights Island by Miss L. M. Cranwell (Mrs. S. W. Smith) and in cultivation in the author's garden at Dunedin—in the Herbarium, Plant Research Bureau, Wellington.
In cultivation the plant sprawls heavily over the support of other shrubs. Flowers are produced in December and January and fruits ripen in June.
Coprosma intertexta Simpn.
This species was described (1945–194) with the “drupe not seen ripe”. A plant in cultivation has since ripened drupes that are broadly-oblong, 5–7 mm. long, 4–5 mm., of pale greyish colour, everywhere minutely dotted with purple. In ripening the fruits changed from green to purplish-black and finally to an almost translucent greyish colour.
Coprosma propinqua A. Cunn.
The colour of the drupe has been variously described. By Kirk (1899–241) as “yellow, at length black, or rarely white, or of bluish tinge”, by Cheeseman (1925–871) are “bluish or bluish black or quite black”, by Oliver (1935–65) as “pale blue speckled with dark blue”. From the present author's observations all of these colours, with the exception of Kirk's “yellow”, may be found on one fruiting shrub, the white drupes in shade hidden amongst the closely divaricating branches, the darker ones appearing on the outer branches with a greater light exposure.
Pratia perpusilla Hook. f.
Mr. W. B. Brockie, who is well acquainted with the flora and is now in charge at the Otari Open-air Museum, Wellington, writes that this species “can definitely be recorded from Lake Lyndon, Canterbury, and from Lake Brunner, Westland.”
Lobelia linnaeoides Petrie
Grassland slopes at Mt. Pisa, Central Otago, collected by James Langbein.
Wahlenbergia laxa sp. nov.
Herba glabra flaccida perennis, rhizomatis longis, gracilibus carnosis, caulibus 10–20 cm. altis, pauci-ramosis. Folia rosulata 2–4 cm. longa, 5 mm. lata, lineari-spathulata, obtusa, irregulariter crenata vel dentata, basibus integris, petiolis sparse ciliatis, applanatia. Folia caulina parca linearia vel lineari-lanceolata, 1·5–3 cm. longa. Flores solitarii, pedicellis 4–15 cm. longis, 1·5 cm. diam., albi, Calyx obconicus, 8 mm. longus, glaber, profunde 5-lobatus. Corollae lobi obovati, acuti. Capsula 6 mm. longa, 4 mm. diam., obconica.
A glabrous flaccid perennial extending long slender, fleshy branching rhizomes putting up rather remote rosettes. Leaves of rosettes 2–4 cm. long, 4–5 mm. broad, linear-spathulate, obtuse, the upper portion of the blade irregularly crenate or dentate, the lower portion entire and gradually narrowed to a flattened, sparingly ciliate petiole
equalling the blade. Margins frequently waved or recurved. Stem leaves few, linear or linear-lanceolate, 1·5–3 cm. long, slender, sparingly branched; pedicels 4–15 cm. long, naked. Flowers solitary, terminating the branches, 1·5 cm. diam., white. Calyx obconic, 8 mm. long, deeply 5 partite, glabrous; teeth subulate. Corolla lobes obovate, acute. Capsule 6 mm. long, 4 mm. diam., obconical.
Habitat: Grassland in forest openings and margins.
Type specimen—from banks of the Doubtful River, Hanmer—in the Herbarium, Plant Research Bureau, Wellington.
This species somewhat resembles W. albomarginata, but the rosettes are less closely spaced and each carries one or two stems branching in the manner of W. matthewsii.
Wahlenbergia rupestris sp. nov.
Herba annua caulibus numerosis decumbentibus, 40–50 cm. longis, 1 mm. diam., ramulis numerosis, minute glanduloso-pubescentibus. Folia sessilia, inferiora plerumque lineari-obovata vel lineari-spathulata, obtusa, 3–4 cm. longa, 4 mm. lata; superiora lineari, 1–2 cm. longa, 2–3 mm. lata, supremis filiformibus, acutis, obscure dentatis, marginibus ciliatis. Flores ca. 1 cm. diam., segmentis calycis subulatis, corollae lobis late ovatis, acutis. Capsula 7 mm. longa, 3 mm. lata, obconica. Semina minuta leviter compressa, atro-brunnea, nitentes.
A pale green perennial with many decumbent stems from a stout rootstock or with the rhizomes spreading and branching openly. Root-stock where present ± 10 cm. long, 5 mm. diam., soft, white and brittle, hardening in drying. Stems 40–50 cm. long, 1 mm. diam., faintly ribbed, branching and rebranching, everywhere minutely glandular pubescent. Leaves sessile, varying in shape and size, the lower one usually linear-obovate or linear-spathulate, obtuse, 3–4 cm. long, 4 mm. broad, the upper linear, 1–2 cm. long, 2–3 mm. broad or the uppermost filiform, acute, obscurely and irregularly toothed, dotted on both sides with coarse hairs; margins ciliate. Flowers ± 1 cm. diam., white; calyx segments subulate; corolla lobes broadly ovate, acute. Capsule 7 mm. long, 3 mm. diam., obconical. Seed minute, slightly flattened, dark brown and shining.
Habitat: Hard-packed silt amongst rock.
Type specimen—from schist rock at Alexandra, Central Otago—in the Herbarium, Plant Research Bureau, Wellington.
On the Otago Peninsula and in near coastal stations a little to the north a similar form is common. There it is slender in exposed situations and robust in shade. Seedlings of the species develop usually in rock crevices where a lateral spread is prevented. A stout rootstock is formed from which many closely placed stems arise. In loose material the development is by spreading and branching rhizomes with the stems openly placed in the manner previously (1946–195) noted for IV, matthewsii.
Lagenophora pinnatifida Hook. f.
Rooted in moss amongst thickets of Dacrydium bidwillii at the Wilderness on the Lumsden-Lake Te Anau Road, Otago.
Brachycome montana Simpn.
Common on tussock grassland at the Cardrona Valley, Central Otago.
Brachycome cuneata sp. nov.
Herba radice breve paucicipiti, foliis omnibas basalibus. Folia ± 1 cm. longa, 3 mm. lata, cuneato-spathulata, sub-viridia, omnio pilis brevibas glanduliferis induta, petioli lati planique, laminus apice rotundatis, 3–5 lobatisque, basi augustatis indivisis. Scapi 2–3 cm. longi, nudi, parce pilis brevibas glanduliferis vestiti. Capitula 8 mm. diam. Involucri bracteae 5mm. longae, linearo-cuneatae, obtusae, glanduliferae. Corolla haud visae.
Rootstock short, 2 mm. diam., with many fine roots, branching to form small patches. Leaves radical, ± 1 cm. long, 3 mm. broad, cuneate-spathulate, light green, surfaces and margins everywhere dotted with short glandular hairs; petiole broad and flat; blade rounded at the tip, with 3–5 lobes, elsewhere entire and narrowed to the base. Scapes 2–3 cm. long, naked and with the involucre, thinly dotted with short glandular hairs. Heads 8 mm. diam.; involucral bracts 5 mm. long, linear-cuneate, obtuse. Florets not seen.
Type, collected by James Langbein at 1,300 m. altitude on Mt. Pisa, near Cromwell, Central Otago, in the Herbarium, Plant Research Bureau, Wellington. Only a few small pieces were collected and florets and achenes were absent.
Brachycome brevifolia sp. nov.
Herba radice breve, 3 mm. diam., paucicipite, foliis omnibas basalibas. Folia 1–1·5 cm. longa, 5 mm. lata, obovato-spathulata, griseo-viridia, omnino pilis brevibas glanduliferis induta; petiola lamina subaequante, supra plana, sulcata, infra rotundata. Scapi 7 cm. longi, aliquanto crassi, pallide brunnei, nudi, pilis brevibas glanduliferis indati. Capitula 1 cm. diam. Involucri bracteae 5 mm. longae, linearo-oblongae, acutae, marginibus scariosis. Corollae radii 5 mm. longae, lineares, subacutae, lisci numerosi, griseo-chlorinae. Rootstock short, 3 mm. diam. with many slender roots, branching to form close clumps. Leaves all radical, 1–1·5 cm. long, 5 mm. broad, obovate-spathulate, greyish-green, surfaces and margins everywhere dotted with short glandular hairs; petiole equalling or shorter than the blade, flat above and grooved, rounded beneath; blade entire. Scapes 7 cm. long, rather stout, pale brown, naked, the lower portion loosely and the upper portion and the involucre closely covered with short glandular hairs. Heads 1 cm. diam.; involucral bracts 5 mm. long, linear-oblong, acute, with scarious edges. Ray florets 5 mm. long, linear, subacute, much recurved; disk florets numerous, yellowish.
Type from Rough Peaks, Lake Wakatipu, at 800 m. altitude.
Celmisia sessiliflora Hook. var. ambigua Simpn.
Summit of Old Man Range, Central Otago, collected by Mrs. W. W. Samson.
Celmisia lanceolata Ckn.
Forest margins on Mt. Willmott and Mt. Barber, Wilmott Pass, Lake Manapouri.
Helichrysum intermedium Simpn. var. humile var. nov.
Typo affine sed brevius, 10–12 cm. altus. Folia subtus densius lanata. Capitula parviflora, 5 mm. longa, 4 mm. diam., 20–25 flora; corollis luteis.
Simliar to the species in its branchlets and leaves, but short, 10–12 cm. high. Undersurface of the leaves more densely woolly. Heads smaller, 5 mm. long, 4 mm. diam.; florets fewer, 20–25, pale yellow.
Habitat: Crevices in rock faces.
Type specimens—from a plant in cultivation at Dunedin collected near the summit of Mt. St. Mary, Waitaki Valley—in the Herbarium, Plant Research Bureau, Wellington.
Cotula goyeni Petrie
Rough Peaks, Lake Wakatipu, on ridges at 900 m. altitude. The species is apparently a composite with a number of differing forms. The plant here recorded is glabrous and the leaves are divided into 3–7 linear, subulate, deeply pitted segments. It has been in cultivation at Dunedin since collected in February, 1926, flowering in mid-October.
Cotula pyrethrifolia Hook. f. var. robusta var. nov.
A typo differt caulibus 3 mm. diam., foliis carnosis, 3 cm. longis, 1 cm. latis; petiolis 2 mm. latis; pedunculis 5–7 cm. longis, capitulis 1·5 cm. diam.
Similar to the species, but everywhere stouter. Stems 3 mm. diam. Leaves green, fleshy, 3 cm. long, 1 cm. broad, with a long sheathing base. Petiole equalling the blade, flattened 2 mm. broad; sheath membranous, 5 mm. broad. Blade ovate or broadly ovate in outline, closely pinnate or deeply pinnatifid, with 1–4 (3) pairs of obovate obtuse pinnae and a terminal one, occasional pinnae irregularly 1–3 lobed. Peduncles 5–7 cm. long, with 4–10 narrow-linear bracts with scarious tips. Heads 1·5 cm. diam.
Habitat: Edges of grassland against rock or on rock ledges.
Type specimen—from a plant collected on the Tararua Mountains by Mr. N. Potts and in cultivation at Dunedin—in the Herbarium, Plant Research Bureau, Wellington.
The variety is easily separated from the species by its stouter growth, its bright green leaves with the segments more closely placed than in the species, and by its larger flowers. The heads in both the species and the variety are not uncommonly bisexual in irregular pattern. In some heads the phenomena appears to be due to some distortion, in others no distortion is apparent.
Specimens from the Matukituki Valley, Lake Wanaka, are almost glabrous, the leaves are flat and they have two pairs of segments and a terminal one. The segments are usually entire, rarely they are forked at the tip. The petiole is longer than the blade.
Cotula monticola sp. nov.
Caules 5–12 cm. longi, repentes radicantesque, 1 mm. diam., sericeopubescentes, folia atro-viridia, basi brunnescens, ambitu obovata, 1–2·5 cm. longa, 3–5 mm. lata, sparse pubescentes, aliquantum carnosa, pinnatisecta, petiola lamina subaequante, nervis 5 atris distinctis. Segmenta utringue 2–4, lobis terminalibus planis indivisis. Pedunculi 1·5–4 cm. longi, pubescente, bractea una lineare. Capitula 5 mm. diam. Involucri bracteae 2–3 seriatae, oblongae, nervo mediano atro distincto. Corollae radii 1–2 seriatae, purpurellae, funneliformes, lobis 4 triangularibus. Receptaculum aliquantum convexum. Achaenia obovoidea, compressa.
Stems 5–12 cm. long, creeping and rooting openly, 1 mm. diam., silky pubescent. Leaves dark-green, brownish at the base, alternate, obovate in outline, 1–2·5 cm. long, 3–5 mm. broad, thinly pubescent, somewhat fleshy, pitted, pinnatisect, the petiole as long as the blade, with 5 distinct dark nerves. Segments in 2–4 pairs and a terminal one, flat, entire. Peduncles 1·5–4 cm. long, pubescent, with a single linear bract. Heads 5 mm. diam.; involucral bracts in 2–3 series, oblong, obtuse, purple and scarious at the tips, pubescent with a dark conspicuous centre nerve. Ray florets in 1–2 series, compressed, with 4 blunt lobes; disc florets faintly purplish, funnel shaped, with 4 triangular lobes. Receptacle slightly convex. Achenes obovoid, compressed.
Habitat: Rock ledges.
Type from a plant in cultivation collected at the Upper Routeburn Valley at 850 m. altitude, in the Herbarium, Plant Research Bureau, Wellington.
The species occurs also in the mountains at the head of the Estuary Burn, Lake Wanaka. It closely resembles C. pyrethrifolia, but differs in the flat leaves, the bisexual heads and in the achenes.
Cotula villosa sp. nov.
Caules 5–7 cm. longi, crassi, 2–3 mm. diam., repentes radicantesque, villosi. Folia griseo-viridia, ambitu linearo-obovata, 1·5–4 cm. longa, villosa, aliquantum carnosa, pinnatisecta, petiolo lamina breviore, nervis 5 distinctis. Segmenta atrinque 3–5, lobis terminalibus planis plerumque indivisis. Pedunculi 1·5–6 cm. longi, nudi vel bractea una ornati. Capitula 5 mm. diam. Involucri bracteae 2–3 seriatae, obovatae, obtusa, apicibus purpureis scariosisque. Corollae radii 1–2 seriatae, tubulares, compressae, lobis 4 brevibus obtusis; disci purpurellae funneliformes, lobis 4 triangularibus. Receptaculum aliquantum convexum. Achaenia obovoidea, compressa, angulis atro.
Stems 5–7 cm. long, stout, 2–3 mm. diam., creeping and rooting, villous. Leaves greyish-green, alternate, linear-obovate in outline, 1·5–4 cm. long, villous, somewhat fleshy, pitted, pinnatisect, the petiole shorter than the blade, with 5 distinct dark nerves. Segments in 3–5 diminishing pairs and a terminal one, flat, entire or with an occasional one forked at the tip. Peduncles 1·5–6 cm. long, naked or with a single membraneons bract. Heads 5 mm. diam.; involucral bracts in 2–3 series, obovate, obtuse, purple and searious at the tip. Ray florets in 1–2 series, tubular, compressed, with 4 shorter blunt lobes; disk florets
faintly purplish, funnel shaped, with 4 triangular lobes. Receptacle slightly convex. Achenes obovoid, compressed, dark striped on the edges.
Type from Mount Roy, Lake Wanaka, at 1,200 m. alt., in the Herbarium, Plant Research Bureau, Wellington.
Cotula angustata sp. nov.
Caules 8–10 cm. longi, graciles, 1 mm. diam., subterranei repentes, sparse pilis longis albis induti, fasciculos foliis paucis emittentes. Folia viridia basi brunnescentes, ambitu linearo-obovata, 1–2 cm. longa, 4–5 mm. lata, sparse pubescentes, tenues, pinnatisecta; petiola 1/3 longitudina laminae. Segmenta atrinque 6–7, lobo terminale, plana, superiora indivisa vel sparso dentata, inferiora obovata, indivisa. Pedunculi 2 cm. longi, pallide, brunneo-virides, sparse pilis longis induti. Capitula 3 mm. diam. Involucri bracteae paucae, 2 seriatae, ovatae, pubescentes, marginibus supra seariosis. Receptaculum convexum. Corollae radii non visae, disci parvae, infunduliformes, lobi viridibas 4 triangulatis.
Stems 8–10 cm. long, slender, 1 mm. diam., creeping below the ground, rooting and putting up sparingly leafy fascicles, brown when exposed, sparingly pubescent with long white hairs. Leaves green, brownish at the base, linear-obovate in outline, 1–2 cm. long, 4–5 mm. broad, thinly pubescent, thin, pitted, pinnatisect, the petiole one-third of the length of the blade. Segments in 6–7 pairs and a terminal one flat, the upper ones entire or sparingly toothed, the lower entire and obovate. Peduncles 2 cm. long, light brownish-green, thinly pubescent with long white hairs. Head (disc only seen) small, 3 mm. diam.; involucral bracts few, in two series, ovate, pubescent, with scarious upper margins; florets small, trumpet shaped, with 4 triangular green lobes. Receptacle convex.
Type specimen, from a plant in cultivation, collected on the shores of Lake Pukaki, near the old outlet, in the Herbarium, Plant Research Bureau, Wellington.
Crepis novae-zealandiae Hook. f.
Central Otago at Mt. Iron, Lake Wanaka; common in tussock grassland at Timaru Creek, Lake Hawea, and in the Cardrona River Valley.
Cheeseman, T. F., 1925. Manual of the New Zealand Flora, Ed. 2. Wellington.
Cockayne, L., and Allan, H. H.,1927. The Present Taxonomic Status of the New Zealand Species of Hebe. Trans. N.Z. Inst., vol. 57.
Hooker, J. D., 1864. Handbook of the New Zealand Flora, Part 1. London.
Kirk, T., 1899. The Student's Flora of New Zealand. Wellington.
Oliver, W. R. B., 1935. The Genus Coprosma. Bernice P. Bishop Museum, Bull. 132 Honolulu.
Simpson, G., and Thomson, J. S., 1943. Notes on Some New Zealand Plants and Descriptions of New Species, No. 3. Trans. Roy. Soc. N.Z., vol. 73.
Simpson, G., 1945. Notes on Some New Zealand Plants and Descriptions of New Species, No. 4. Trans. Roy. Soc. N.Z., vol. 75.