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Volume 80, 1952
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Genus Lissopimpla Kriechbaumer, 1889

Lissopimpla Kriechbaumer, Ent. Nachr., 15, 1889, p. 309.

Xenopimpla Cameron, Trans. N.Z. Inst., 32, 1900, p. 18.

Genotype Lissopimpla excelsa (Costa) 1864 (= Lissopimpla octo-guttata Kriechb.)

The genus Lissopimpla was erected by Kriechbaumer in 1889 for some Australian species. In 1898, Cameron, after examining some specimens of Rhyssa semipunctata Kirby taken at Greymouth, New Zealand, erected a new genus (Xenopimpla) for Kirby's species.

Generic Diagnosis

Mesonotum with well-defined notauli, which converge and meet before attaining the base of the scutellum; claws large, not simple, as usually stated, but have at the base a few small teeth.

Propodeum with upper hind angles prominent or toothed, without an areola, but with a petiolar area; hind femor not unduly swollen, with a small tooth beneath, towards the apex. Abdomen polished. Nervulus interstitial to antefurcal.

Distribution: Oriental and Australasian regions.

Brues (1918), when describing species from Ceylon and the Solomon Islands, stated that these forms were closely related to the Papuan species.

Lissopimpla excelsa (Costa)

Pimpla excelsa Costa, Ann. Mus. Zool. Napoli, II (1862), 1864. Dalla Torre, Cat. Hymen., III, Pt. I, 1901, p. 431.

Rhyssa semipunctata Kirby, Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond., 1883, p. 212. Froggat, Agric. Gaz. N.S.W., vol. 21, pt. 4, 1910, pp. 335–346, pt. 1, fig. 2.

Lissopimpla semipunctata (Kirby) Dalla Torre, Cat. Hymen, III, 1901, p. 466. Krieger, z. Syst. Hym. Dipt. VII, 1907, pp. 294–302. Miller, N.Z. Jour. Agric., XIX, 1919, p. 203. Thomson, Naturalisation of Animals and Plants of N.Z., 1922, p. 271. Coleman, Victorian Naturalist, XLIV, 1928, p. 20; Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond., LXXVI, part. II, 1929, pp. 533–539. Gourlay, Dept. Sci. and Industr. Res. Bull., XXII, 1930, p. 5.

Xenopimpla semipunctate (Kirby) Cameron, Mem. Manch. Soc., XLII, 1898, pt. 1, p. 27.

Lissopimpla octoguttata Kriechbaumer, Ent. Nachr., XV, 1889, p. 310. Dalla Torre, Cat. Hymen, III, Pt. 1, 1901, p. 466. Schulz, Spolia Hymenopterologica, 1906, p. 114.

Lissopimpla 10-notata Kriechbaumer, Ent. Nachr., XV, 1889, p. 309. Dalla Torre, Cat. Hymen, III, Pt 1, 1901, p. 466. Schulz, Spolia Hymenopterologica, 1906, p. 114. Krieger, Syst. Hymen Dipt., VII, 1907, p. 294–302.

Lissopimpla haemorrhoidalis Kriechbaumer, Ent Nachr., XV, 1889, p. 309. Dalla Torre, Cat. Hymen., III, pt. 1, p. 466. Schulz, Spolia Hymenopterologica, 1906, p. 114. Krieger, Syst. Hymen. Dipt., VII, 1907, p. 294–302.

Lissopimpla excelsa (Costa) Schulz, Zeit. fur Wissen Insekt., VIII, no. 2, 1912, pp. 353–354.

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In both Australia and New Zealand this well-known and common Ichneumon fly has previously been referred to as Lissopimpla semipunctata (Kirby). However, as far back as 1912 Schulz published a paper in which he showed that Kirby's species was synonymous with a species described by Costa from Australia in 1862 This paper by Schulz has been overlooked by later authors and the above synonymy has not been used. It is perhaps unfortunate that a name which is well established has to be disregarded to satisfy the requirement of the laws of nomenclature, but a strict adherence to these laws eventually will bring about a much-wanted stabilization in nomenclature. Referring the matter to Dr. Henry Townes, of the University of North Carolina, he assures me, after consultation with Dr. B. D. Burks, of Washington, in order to check the original publication in which Costa's work appeared, that there is no reason for disregarding Costa's name.

Cameron in 1898 examined some specimens of Kirby's species taken at Greymouth, New Zealand, and pointed out that the species could not be placed in the genus Rhyssa, but he was not certain as to its true generic position. However, he proposed a new genus, Xenopimpla, for its reception.

In 1889 Kriechbaumer erected the genus Lissopimpla for the reception of some Australian species, designating Lissopimpla octoguttata as the genotype. Subsequently Schulz in 1912 showed that this species was synonymous with Lissopimpla semipunctata Kirby, and there was still an older name, i.e. Rhyssa excelsa described in 1864. Therefore the genotype of Lissopimpla Kriech. is Lissopimpla excelsa (Costa).