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Volume 80, 1952
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– 197 –

Distribution of the Mosses Indigenous to New Zealand Supplement No. 2

[Read before the Otago Branch, September 11, 1951; received by the Editor, September 25, 1951]

Summary

This paper contains locality records of various species of New Zealand mosses under the headings: species added to the flora, taxonomic changes, recent discoveries greatly extending the known distribution, and first records from the Botanical Districts of New Zealand.

Since the publication of my initial paper (1947) and of Supplement No. 1 (1949) concerning the Geographical Distribution of the Mosses indigenous to New Zealand, extensive and intensive field work has revealed the presence in most of the Botanical Districts of many species not hitherto observed in these areas. This paper summarizes these results, draws attention to some noteworthy extensions in the known range of several species, and indicates recent nomenclature changes.

The writer has recently published (1949 and 1950) two papers on the Bryophytes of Stewart Island, while another (1952) deals with the Moss Flora of the Dunedin Sub-district. In these are recorded approximately 350 bryophytes not previously known from these areas, which it is unnecessary to recapitulate in the present paper.

Most of the records here indicated are the result of field studies in Otago by George Simpson and K. W. Allison, in the region of Waikare-moana by N. J. Butler, on the Ruahine Range by A. P. Druce, and in all the Botanical Districts of South Island by the writer. Material housed in the herbaria of the Dominion Museum and of the Plant Research Bureau has provided further evidence, as have the activities of several other botanists.

From the information now available, it would appear that many mosses reach their optimum development in New Zealand either in the Auckland Provincial District in the north or in the Otago District in the south; while not a few are practically confined to the wetter forests and mountains of the west, or to the drier grasslands east of the axial chain; but it can scarcely be said that the Botanical Districts of Cockayne apply to the mosses equally with the phanerogams.

In New Zealand ecological and cytological research in respect to the bryophytes is as yet in its infancy, notwithstanding the magnitude of this field. Intensive investigation of the many large areas yet scarcely examined, or not at all, will probably reveal furtehr species and varieties, as is shown by recent discoveries by Allison in Central Otago.

(Note. The Botanical Districts except No. 4, Volcanic Plateau, are listed under the heading, “First Records from the Botanical Districts.”)

Species and Varieties added to the Flora since Publication of Supplement No. 1
Species or Variety Location Discoverer Botanical District
Blindia egmontensis Sainsb. Mt. Egmont G. O. K. Sainsbury 5
Blindia martinii Sainsb. Arthurs Pass W. Martin 12
Brachythecium velutinum B. and S. Near Naseby K. W. Allison 14
– 198 –
Dicranella temperata Allison Te Anau K. W. Allison 15
Dicranum scoparium Hedw. var. Rock and Pillar Range K. W. Allison 14
Distichophyllum microcarpum (Hedw.) Mitt. var. homodictyon Sainsb. Near Taihape E. A. Hodgson 4
Ruahine Range N. L. Elder 6
Hampeella pallens (Lac) Fleisch. Near L. Roto-ehu K. W. Allison 4
H. pallens var symmetrica Sainsb. Near L. Roto-ehu K. W. Allison 4
Orthotrichum alpestre Hornsch. Inland Patea E. A. Hodgson 5
Masterton; Port Pegasus W. Martin 7; 18
Pleurophascum grandilobum Lindb. var. decurrens Sainsb. Okarito; West Nelson — Neale 11: 9
Pottia zealandioides Dix. & Sainsb. Warkworth L. B. Moore 3
Pottia truncata (Hedw.) Fürnr. Marlborough W. Martin ?
Sauloma macrospora Sainsb. Ohakune R. Mundy 4
Stewart Island W. Martin 18
Sphagnum falcatulum Besch. All New Zealand. (Absorbs cuspida group) 1–18
Sphagnum leionotum C. M. All New Zealand. (Absorbs cymbifolia group) 1–18
Tortella mooreae Sainsb. Rangitoto Island L. B. Moore 3
Ulota dixonii Malta. var. novae-seelandiae Sainsb. Mt. Egmont G. O. K. Sainsbury 5

Several other mosses await determination. A species of Polytrichadelphus quite unlike normal forms of P. magellanicus, but which may be only a form of that species, was recently gathered on the track to Doubtful Sound. One result of recent additions and deletions, coupled with the discovery of six supposed endemics in other lands, has been to reduce the estimate for the endemic element in New Zealand mosses from 40 per cent. to 33 per cent.

Taxonomic Changes

Since the publication of my initial paper (1946), the following amendments to the nomenclature have resulted from recent taxonomic studies.

Previous Name Revised Name
1. Amblystegium filicinum De Not. Cratoneuron filicinum (Hedw.) Roth.
2. Amblystegium riparium B. & S. Leptodictyon riparium (Hedw.) Warnst.
3. Archephemeropsis trentepohlioides Ren. Ephemeropsis trentepohlioides (Ren.) Sainsb.
4. Atrichum muelleri (Hpe. & C. M.) Mitt. Atrichum ligulare Mitt.
5. Braunfelsia obesifolia (R. Br. ter.) Dix. Dicranoloma obesifolia (R. Br. ter.)
6. Bryum bimum Schreb Bryum pseudotriquetrum (Hedw.) Schwaegr. var. bimum (Brid.) Richards et Wallace
7. Bryum torquescens B. & S. Bryum capillare Hedw. var. torquescens (B. & S.) Husn.
8. Campylium relaxum (H. f. & W.) Broth. Cratoneuropsis relaxa (H. f. & W.) Fleisch.
9. Didymodon lingulatus (H. f. & W.) Broth. Desmatodon lingulatus (H. f. & W.) Loeske.
10 Didymodon rubellus (Hoffm.) B. & S. Erythrobarbula recurvirostris (Hedw.) Steere
11 Fissidens campyloneurus C. M. Fissidens pungens Hpe. & C. M.
12 Glyphothecium alarc Dix. et Sainsb. Hampeella alaris (Dix. et Sainsb) Sainsb.
13. Grimmia pulvinata (Sm.) obtusa (Brid.) B. & S. Grimmia pulvinata var. africana (Hedw.) Dix.
14. Hedivigidium imberbe B. & S. Hedwigia integrifolia P. Beauv.
15. Mnium rostratum Schrad. Mnium longirostrum Brid.
16. Tortula atrovirens (Sm.) Lindb. Desmatodon convolutus (Brid.) Grout
17. Tortula flavinervis Dix. Barbula pseudopilifera Hpe. & C. M.
18. Webera spp. Pohlia spp.
19. Weisia viridula Hedw. Weissia controversa Hedw.
– 199 –

The following species have been dropped as not distinct from the species in brackets associated with them:

Bryum eximium Mitt. [B. laevigatum H. f. & W.]; B. huttonii R. Br. ter. [B. laevigatum]; B. incurvifolium C. M. [B. laevigatum]; Campylopus appressifolius Mitt. [C. clavatus (R. Br.) H. f. and W.]; C. insititius H. f. and W. [C. clavatus (R. Br.) H. f. and W.] Dicranum mackayi Broth. et Dix. [Dicranoweisia antarctica (C. M.) Par.]; Dicranella egmontensis Dix. [Dicranum aucklandicum Dix.]; Dicranoloma pungentella (C. M.) Par. [D. billardieri (Schwaegr.) Par]; D. integerrimum (Broth. and Geheeb.) Par. [D. billardieri]; D. leucolomoides (C. M) Dix. [D. pungens (H. f. and W.) Par.]; D. chrysodrepaneum (C. M.) Dix. [D. robustum (H. f. and W.) Par.]; D. integrifolium Dix. [D. robustum]; Drepanocladus brachiatus (Mitt.) Dix. [D. aduncus (Hedw.) Moenk.]; Hennediella intermedia (R. Br. ter.) Par. and H. microphylla (R. Br. ter.) Par. [Pottia macrophylla (R. Br. ter.)]; Macromitrium hectori Mitt. [Schlotheimia brownii Brid.]; Mniodendron comatum (La Bill.) Lindb. [M. comosum (La Bill.) Lindb.]; Orthotrichum praeperistomatum Vent. [O. pulvinatum R. Br. ter.]; Pleuridium gracilentum Mitt. [P. nervosum (Hook.) Par. probably]; Rhacopilum cristatum H. f. and W. and R. laetum Mitt. [R. strumiferum C. M.]; Tortula submutica Broth. [T. phaea (H. f. and W.) Dix.]; Triquetrella filiformis C. M. [T. papillata (H. f. and W.) Broth.].

Ditrichum strictum Hpe. does not occur on the mainland of New Zealand, and Taxithelium polystichum was erroneously reported from New Zealand, the plants proving to be Acanthocladium extenuatum.

Recent Discoveries which Greatly Extend the Known Distribution

1.

Brachythecium velutinum B. and S. Central Otago (K. W. Allison). A North American and European moss now first detected in New Zealand.

2.

Calliergon sarmentosum (Wahl.) Kindb. Central Otago (Allison). Not previously known south of Castle Hill in Canterbury and Kelly Range in Westland.

3.

Dichelodontium nitidum (H. f. and W.) Broth. Akatore, South Otago (Allison); Riverton and Bluff (Martin). Not previously detected south of Mid-Canterbury.

4.

Dicranum scoparium Hedw. var. Central Otago (Allison). A Northern Hemisphere moss now first known as indigenous to New Zealand.

5.

Ephemeropsis trentepohlioides (Renn.) Sainsb. Franz Josef Glacier area, and Doubtful Sound (Martin). First detection south of Marlborough Sounds.

6.

Mittenia plumula (Mitt.) Lindb. Stewart Island (Martin). Not before observed south of Banks Peninsula.

7.

Muelleriella crassifolia (H. f. and W.) Dus. Otago coast (Allison) and Stewart Island (Martin). Not previously noted on the mainland.

8.

Orthotrichum alpestre Hornsch. Masterton and Stewart Island (Martin); Inland Patea (Mrs. E. A. Hodgson). A North American moss not previously detected in New Zealand.

9.

Physcomitridium readeri (C. M.) Roth. Kelso (Martin). First detection south of North Canterbury.

10.

Rhacomitrium striatipilum Card. Upper Hollyford Valley, Fiord District (Martin). A southerly extension of range of more than 100 miles.

11.

Sauloma macrospora Sainsb. Stewart Island (Martin). Not previously seen south of Hawke's Bay in North Island.

– 200 –
12.

Climacium dendroides (Dill.) Web. et Mohr. Rock and Pillar Mountains. K. W. Allison; shore L. Manapouri, W. Martin. Not previously known south of Mid-Canterbury.

13.

Pottia truncata (Hedw.) Fürnr. Omaka Downs, Marlborough. W. Martin. First detection of this northern moss in New Zealand.

First Records from the Botanical Districts of New Zealand

1.

North Auckland.

Cryptopodium bartramioides (Hook.) Brid. Waipoua. P.R.B.

2.

Thames.

Amblystegium serpens B. and S. Gt. Barrier Is. T. Kirk.

Bartramia papillata H. f. and W. Thames. W.M.

Fabronia leptura Hen and Chickens Islands Miss L. B. Moore.

Leptostomum inclinans R. Br. Thames. G. Mason and C. Chambers.

Macromitrium prorepens (Hook.) Schwaegr. Little Barrier Is. P.R.B.

Neckera hymenodonta C. M. Thames. W.M.

Rhizogonium bifarium (Hook.) Schimp. Coromandel Pen. G. Mason and C. Chambers.

3.

South Auckland.

Pottia zealandioides Dix. et Sainsb. Warkworth (L. B. Moore). P.R.B.

Tortula serrulata Hook. et Grev. Mt. Eden. T. Kirk.

5.

Egmont-Wanganui.

Bryum truncorum Brid. Mt. Egmont. W.M.

Campylopodium lineare (Mitt.) Dix Mt. Egmont. W.M.

Fissidens rigidulus H. f. and W. Mt. Egmont. W.M.

Macromitrium prorepens (Hook.) Schwaegr Mt. Egmont. P.R.B.

Orthodontium sulcatum H. f. and W. Mt. Egmont. W. M.

6.

East Cape.

Brachythecium plumosum B. and S. Waikare-moana. N.J.B.

Bryum caespiticium Hedw. (?). Waikare-moana. N.J.B.

Camptochaete gracilis (H. f. and W.) Par Waikare-moana. N.J.B.

Cryptopodium bartramioides (Hook.) Brid. Huirau Range. P.R.B.

Plagiothecium denticulatum B. and S. Waikare-moana. N.J.B.

Orthodontium sulcatum H. f. and W. Waikare-moana. N.J.B.

Tayloria purpurascens (H. f. and W.) Broth Kaimanawa Range. P.R.B.

7.

Ruahine-Cook.

Andreaea australis F. Muell. Ruahine Range. A.P.D.

Bryum pseudotriquetrum var. bimum (Brid.). Ruahine Range. A.P.D.

Cheilothela chilensis (Mont.) Broth. Ruahine Range. A.P.D.

Dicnemon semicryptum C. M. Ruahine Range. A.P.D.

Dicranum aucklandicum Dix. Ruahine Range. A.P.D.

Fissidens vittatus H. f. and W. Manawatu Gorge. A.P.D.

Glyphothecium sciuroides (Hook.) Hpe. Eastbourne N.J.B.

Grimma apocarpa var. rivularis Web. et Mohr. Manawatu Gorge A.P.D.

Leptotheca gaudichaudii Schwaegr Ruahine Range. A. P. D.

Lepyrodon australis Hpe. Ruahine Range. A.P.D.

Lepyrodon lagurus (Hook.) Mitt. Ruahine Range. A.P.D.

Meesia muelleri C. M. and Hpe. Tararuas. P.R.B.

Plagiothecium denticulatum B and S. Ruahine Range. A.P.D.

– 201 –

Pseudodistichium buchanani (R. Br. ter.) Dix. Ruahine Range. A.P.D.

Pseudoleskea imbricata (H. f. and W.) Broth. Ruahine Range. A.P.D.

Pohlia cruda Hedw. Ruahine Range. A.P.D.

Sematophyllum homomallum (Hpe.) Broth. Titahi Bay. W.M.

Tayloria calophylla (C. M.) Mitt. Eastbourne. N.J.B.

Tortula princeps De Not Ruahine Range. A.P.D.

Zygodon hookeri Hpe. Ruahine Range. A. P.D.

8.

Sounds-Nelson.

Dicnemon semicryptum C. M. Mt. Stokes (V. Zotov). P.R.B.

Fissidens leptocladus C. M. et Rodway. Picton W.M.

Funaria hygrometrica Hedw. Picton. W.M.

Glyphothecium sciuroides (Hook.) Hpe. Pelorus Bridge. W.M.

Hypnum cupressiforme Hedw. Picton. W.M.

Tetraphidopsis pusilla (H. f. and W.) Dix. Double Bay. W.M.

9.

North-western.

Campylopus torquatus (Mitt.) Jaeg. Onamalutu. W.M.

Cryphaea tenella (Schwaegr) Hornsch. L. Rotoiti. W.M.

Fissidens pungens L. Rotoiti. W.M.

Macromitrium gracile (Hook.) Schwaegr. var. retusum (H. f. & W.) Sainsb. W.M.

Meesia muelleri C. M et Hpe. L. Rotoiti W.M.

Mnium longirostrum Brid. L. Rotoiti W.M.

Pleurophascum grandilobum Lindb. var. decurvens Sainsb. West Nelson.

Rhizogonium novae-hollandiae Brid. L. Rotoiti. W.M.

Hypnum chrysogaster C. M. L. Rotoiti. W.M.

10.

North-Eastern.

Acrocladium auriculatum (Mont.) Mitt. Avon Valley. W.M.

Barbula australasiae (Hook. et Grey.) Mitt. Waihopai R. W.M.

Fissidens leptocladus C. M. et Rodway. Omaka Downs. W.M.

Fissidens vittatus H. f. and W. Kaikoura Penl. W.M.

Grimmia pulvinata Smith var. africana (Hedw.) Dix. Avon Valley, W. M.

Meesia muelleri C. M. et Hpe. P.R. B. (McMahon).

Orthotrichum cyathiforme R. Br. ter. Waihopai R. Valley. W.M.

Papillaria filipendula (H. f. and W.) Jaeg. Waihopai R. Valley. W.M.

Pottia truncata (Hedw.) Fürnr. Omaka Downs. W.M.

Pseudoleskea imbricata (H. f. and W.) Waihopai R. W.M.

11.

Western.

Dichelodontium nitidum (H. f. and W.) Broth. Waiho, Westlan. W.M.

Dicranoloma fasciatum (Hedw.) Par. Near Fox Glacier. W.M.

Ephemeropsis trentepohlioides (Renn.) Sainsb. Near Franz Josef Glacier. W.M.

Eurhynchium praelongum Hokb. L. Iolanthe; Waiho. W.M.

Fabronia australis Hook. Waiho. W.M.

Fissidens leptocla dus C. M. et Rodway. Waiho. W.M.

Funaria hygrometrica Hedw. Bruce Bay. W.M.

Macromitrium eucalyptorum Hpe. and C. M. Near Franz Josef Glacier. W.M.

Macromitrium gracile var retusum (H. f. and W.) Sainsb. Near Franz Josef Glacier. W. M.

Papillaria filipendula (H. f. and W.) Jaeg. Waiho. W.M.

Papillaria flexicaulis (Tayl.) Jaeg. Waiho. W.M.

– 202 –

Porotrichum oblongifolium (H. f. and W.) Broth. Waiho. W.M.

Rhynchostegium laxatum (Mitt.) Par. Alex Knob, Waiho. W.M.

Tetraphidopsis pusilla (H. f. and W.) Dix. Waiho. W.M.

Tortula princeps De Not. Waiho. W.M.

12.

Eastern.

Leptodictyum riparium (Hedw.) Warnst. Arthurs Pass (L. B. Moore). P.R.B.

Aulacomnium palustre Schwaegr. Mt. Cook. P.R.B.

Brachythecium albicans B. and S. Ashburton Domain. W.M.

13.

Banks (Sub-district)

Camptochaete arbuscula (Hook.) Jaeg. Akaroa. W.M. and Raoul.

Dicranoloma dicarpum (Hornsch.) Park. Akaroa. W.M. and Raoul.

Fissidens vittatus H. f. and W. Dyers Pass. W.M.

Hypnodendron arcuatum (Hedw.) Mitt. Akaroa. W.M. and Raoul.

Hypnodendron marginatum (H. f and W.) Jaeg. Akaroa. Raoul.

Orthotrichum beckettii C. M. Akaroa. W.M.

Sematophyllum tenuirostre (Hook.) Dix. Akaroa. Raoul.

14.

North Otago.

Acaulon apiculatum (H. f. and W.) Jaeg. Near Herbert. K.W.A.

Astomum austro-crispum (C. M. et Beck.) Broth. Near Herbert. K.W.A.

Aulacomnium palustre Schwaegr. Rock and Pillar Range. K.W.A.

Bartramia papillata H. f. and W. Styx. W.M.

Brachythecium plumosum B. and S. Shag R. W.M.

Brachythecium velutinum B. and S. New record for N.Z. K.W.A.

Breutelia affinis (Hook.) Mitt. Beaumont. G.S.

Calliergon sarmentosum (Wahl.) Kindb. Rock and Pillar Range. K.W.A.

Campylium polygamum (B. and S.) Lange et C. Jens. Hyde (G.S.); Rock and Pillar. D.P.

Ceratodon purpureus Brid. Styx; Naseby. W.M.

Climacium dendroides (Dill.) Web. et Mohr. Rock and Pillar Range. K.W.A. and D.P.

Cryphaea tenella (Schwaegr.) Hornsch. Near Oamaru. W.M.

Dicranella cardotii (R. Br. ter.) Dix Upper Shag Valley. K.W.A.

Dicranoloma dicarpum (Hornsch.) Par. Lammerlaws J. Buchanan.

Dicranum scoparium Hedw. (var). Rock and Pillar Mts. K. W. A.

Distichium capillaceum (Sw.) B. and S. Cromwell. W.M.

Ditrichum elongatum (H. f. et W.) Mitt Waianakarua. W.M.

Drepanocladus aduncus (Hedw.) Moenk. Maniototo Plain. W.M.

Drepanocladus fluitans (Hedw.) Warnst. Water-race, Naseby. W.M.

Fissidens leptocladus C. M et Rodway. Near Naseby. W.M.

Funaria hygrometrica Hedw. Styx., near Herbert. W.M.

Goniobryum subbasilare (Hook.) Lindb. Cambrians. D. P.

Grimmia apocarpa var. rivularis Web. et Mohr. Near Herbert. K.W.A.

Pottia macrophylla (R. Br. ter). Becks, Alexandra; Waitaki Bridge. W.M.

Lepyrodon australis Hpe. Lammerlaws J. Buchanan.

Macrophyllum orthophyllum Mitt. Near Herbert. K.W.A.

Meesia muelleri C. M. et Hpe Naseby. W.M. and K.W.A.

Mnium longirostrum Brid. Wanaka. W.M.

Plagiothecium denticulatum B. and S. Rock and Pillar Range. K.W.A.

– 203 –

Pohlia nutans Hedw. Waynes, Shag R. W.M.

Pohlia tenuifolia (H. f. and W.) Jaeg. L. Hawea. W.M.

Polytrichum formosum Hedw. Rock and Pillar Range. K.W.A.

Polytrichum juniperinum Hedw. Styx; Naseby. W.M.

Pseudoleskea imbricata (H. f. and W.) Ther. Shag R. (W.M.); Roxburgh. D.P.

Psilopilum australe (H. f. and W.) Jaeg. Rock and Pillar Range. D.P.

Pterygophyllum dentatum var. robustum (H. f. and W.) Dix. Hyde (P.R.B.). G.S.

Rhynchostegium peracuminatum Dix. et Sainsb. Near Herbert. K.W.A.

Rhizogonium mnioides (Hook.) Schimp. Near Herbert. K.W.A.

Thuidium furfurosum (H. f. and W.) Jaeg. Shag R., Waynes. W.M.

Barbula pseudopilifera Hpe. and C.M. Hyde (P.R.B.). G.S.

Tortula papillosa Wils. Near Herbert. W.M. and K.W.A.

Weisia weymouthii (R. Br. ter) Dix. var. lancifolia (R. Br. ter.) Dix. Weston. R. Brown.

15.

Fiord.

Andreaea nitida H. f. and W. Mt. Earnslaw. D.P.

Bellia nervosa (H. f. and W.) Broth. Doubtful Sound. W.M.

Brachythecium rutabulum B and S. Doubtful Sound. W.M.

Bryum caespiticium Hedw. Upper Hollyford Valley. W.M.

Catagonium politum (H. f. and W.) Dus. L. Te Anau Caves. W.M.

Cheilothela chilensis (Mont.) Broth. Upper Hollyford Valley. W.M.

Climacium dendroides (Dill) Web. et Mohr. L. Manapouri. W.M.

Cryphaea tasmanica Mitt. Helena Falls, Doubtful Sound. W.M.

Cryphaea tenella (Schwaegr.) Hornsch. L. Manapouri. W.M.

Dicnemon semicryptum C. M. Doubtful Sound. W.M.

Dicranella temperata Allison. Te Anau. Allison.

Dicranoloma billardieri (Schwaegr.) Par. Doubtful Sound track. W.M.

Dicranum aucklandicum Dix. Upper Hollyford Valley. W.M.

Fabronia australis Hook. Head of L. Wakatipu. W. Bell.

Fissidens asplenioides (Swartz.) Hedw. Te Anau Caves. W.M.

Fissidens rigidulus H. f. and W. Doubtful Sound. W.M.

Funaria hygrometrica Hedw. L. Manapouri; Doubtful Sd. W.M.

Grimmia apocarpa Hedw. Manapouri, near Waiau R. W.M.

Hampeella alaris (Dix. et Sainsb) Sainsb. Doubtful Sound. W.M.

Homalia falcifolia (H. f. and W.). H. f. and W. L. Te Anau Caves. W.M.

Hymenodon piliferus H. f. and W. Doubtful Sound. W.M.

Hypnum cupressiforme var. filiformis Brid. Doubtful Sound. G.S.

Hypnodendron marginatum (H. f. and W.) Jaeg. Doubtful Sound. W.M.

Hypopterygium setigerum (P. Beauv.) H. f. and W. Doubtful Sound. W.M.

Macromitrium grossirete C. M. Manapouri. W.M.

Macromitrium weymouthii Broth. Doubtful Sound. W.M.

Mnium longirostrum Brid. Doubtful Sound track. W.M.

Neckera hymenodonta C. M. Doubtful Sound. W.M.

Orthorrhynchium elegans (H. f. and W.) Reichdt. Manapouri. W.M.

Papillaria flexicaulis (Tayl.) Jaeg. Doubtful Sound. W.M.

Plagiothecium denticulatum B. and S. L. Te Anau Caves. W.M.

Pohlia nutans (Hedw.) Lindb. Upper Hollyford Valley. W.M.

Pterygophyllum dentatum var. robustum (H. f. and W.) Dix. Te Anau Caves. W.M.

– 204 –

Rhacomitrium ptychophyllum Mitt. Upper Hollyford Valley. W.M.

Rhacomitrium striatipilum Cardot. Upper Hollyford Valley. W.M.

Rhacopilum strumiferum C. M. Doubtful Sound. W.M.

Thamnium pandum (H. f. and W.) Jaeg. Doubtful Sound track. W.M.

Tortula princeps De Not. Head L. Manapouri. W.M.

Zygodon hookeri Hpe. Head L. Manapouri. W.M.

16.

South Otago.

Acrocladium cuspidatum Lindb. Owaka; Haldane. W.M.

Cyathophorum bulbosum var. minus H. f. and W. Invercargill. W.M.

Dichelodontium nitidum (H. f. and W.) Broth Riverton; Bluff. W.M.

Orthotrichum calvum H. f. and W. Kelso. W.M.

Plagiothecium denticulatum B. and S. Invercargill. W.M.

Pleuridium longirostre Dix. Kelso. (Recorded N. Otago in error.) W.M.

Tortella knightii (Mitt.) Broth. Blue Mts. W.M.

Barbula pseudopilifera Hpe. and C.M. Millers Flat (K.W.A.); Riverton Rocks. W.M.

Tortula serrata Dix. Kelso. W.M.

17.

Dunedin Sub-district.

Bryum capillare Hedw. var. torquescens (B. and S.) Husn. Taieri Bridge, Henley. K.W.A.

Conostomum pusillum H. f. and W. Maungatua. K.W.A.

Echinodium umbrosum (Mitt.) Jaeg. Mt. Cargill (K.W.A.); Swampy Hill. W.M.

Fissidens inclinabilis C. M. et Dix. Leith Valley. K.W.A.

Homalia falcifolia (H. f. and W.) H. f. and W. Leith Valley. K.W. A.; W.M.

Dicranella cardotii (R. Br. ter.) Dix. Fraser's Gully. K.W.A.

Desmatodon lingulatus (H. f. and W.) Steere. Port Chalmers. K.W.A.

Orthotrichum beckettii C. M. Mt. Cargill. K.W.A.

Pottia zealandiae (R. Br. ter.) Par. Green Island. W. M.

Pleuridium nervosum (Hook.) Par. Berwick. K.W.A.

Sciadocladus kerrii (Mitt.) Jaeg. Leith Valley. K.W.A.

Sciadocladus menziesii (Hook.) Lindb. Mt. Cargill. D.P.

18.

Stewart Island.

Mittenia plumula (Mitt.) Lindb. Garden Mound. W.M.

Abbreviations used above are as follows.
P.R.B. = Plant Research Bureau, Wellington. K.W. A. = K. W. Allison
G. S. = George Simpson (Moss Collections housed in P.R. B) N. J.B = Neil J. Butler
D. P. = Donald Petrie (Moss Collections housed in Dominion Museum) A P. D. = A. P. Druce
W.M = William Martin

Acknowledgments

I have again to acknowledge the courtesy and co-operation of the Directors and Botanists of the Dominion Museum and of the Plant Research Bureau at Wellington, who have facilitated my study of the bryophytes housed in the herbaria of these institutions. Difficult and doubtful determinations have as usual been referred to Mr. G. O. K. Sainsbury, whose ever-ready assistance has been invaluable. I am also much indebted to Mr. K. W. Allison, who has shared with me his numerous finds of the rarer species.

– 205 –

Literature Consulted

Allison, K. W., 1950. New Species of New Zealand Bryophytes Trans. Roy. Soc. N.Z. vol. 78, 93–96.

Andrews, A. Le Roy, 1949. Studies in the Warnstorf Sphagnum herbarium. V. The Group Cuspidata in South America. Bryologist, vol. 52, no. 3, 124–130.

Butler, Neil J., 1950. The Mosses and Liverworts of Waikaremoana. Tane (Auckland University College Field Club Magazine), vol. 3, no. 1, 21–24.

Mason, G. and Chambers, C., 1950. Vegetation of North-east Coromandel. Ibid., vol. 3, no. 1, 69–71.

Martin, W., 1947. Geographic Range and Internal Distribution of the Mosses Indigenous to New Zealand. Trans. Roy. Soc. N.Z., vol. 76, 162–184.

Martin, W., 1949. The Bryophytes of Stewart Island, Part I. Ibid, 77, pt. 2, 257–277.

Martin, W., 1949 Distribution of the Mosses Indigenous to New Zealand. Suppl. No. 1. Ibid., vol. 77, pt. 3, 355–360.

Martin, W., 1950. The Bryophytes of Stewart Island, Part 2 Ibid., vol. 78, pt. 4, 485–501.

Martin, W., 1952. Moss Flora of the Dunedin Botanical Sub-district. Trans. Roy. Soc. N.Z., vol. 79, 436–451.

Sainsbury, G. O. K., 1947. Some New Zealand Mosses of Hookeriaceae. Revue Bryolog. et Lichenol., t. XVI, fasc. 1–2, 47–48.

Sainsbury, G. O. K., 1948. Synonyms of some New Zealand Mosses. Revue Bryolog. et Lichenol., t. XVII, fasc. 1–4.

Sainsbury, G. O. K., 1949. New Species and Varieties of New Zealand Mosses. Ibid., t. XVIII, fasc. 3–4, 111–114.

Sainsbury, G. O. K., 1951. The Genus Hampeella C.M. in New Zealand. Ibid., t XX, fasc. 1–2.

Sainsbury, G. O. K., 1951. The Taxonomy of the Moss Archephemeropsis trentepohlioides Renn. Trans. Roy. Soc. N.Z., vol. 79, pt. 2, 203–205.

Wallace, E. C., and Richards, P.W., 1950 Annotated List of British Mosses. Trans. Brit Bryol. Soc., vol. 1, pt 4, i–xxxi.